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I . 








A K 11 A N G K I) IN A L P H A U K T I (^ A L O H D E R 


WHICH IS T\N» \5 r 





















-• » 

\m^'[C LIBPXRT' 

405758 I 

Ai-!>f"' ' tN JX AND 







THE first letter in the 
J Tonguese Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of a in Father. 

A, A prefix used before the 
names of persons in the nomi- 
native and o'blique cases; as 
Oku mo he a J one,* ave ki a 
Jone; omi met a Jone. 

A, prep. Of or belonging to. 

A, *. A fence, hedge. 

A, a. Awake, not sleeping; 
open, not shut; liquid. 

A, V. To heat as a stick, in order 
to straiten it; to supple by 
heat; to surround. 

A, V. To be awake. 

Aa, f?. To ford; to pass without 

Aaaga, s. A ford; any passage 
that can be fi^rded. 

Aau, pron. Yours, thine. 

Aau, It?. To mesh, to net; to 

Aaua,/ cast or spread a net; 
to compass ; to divulge, to re- 
veal ; to cast the young. 

Aauliliki, v. To make a full and 
unreserved confession or state- 

Aaba, part. Afraid. 

Aabi, a. Straight,* small, con- 
fined, wanting room. 

Aafa, t?. To rise rapidly as full 
tides; to overspread, prevail. 


Aafaki, t;. To keep others awake, 
to keep awake. 

Aafakihau, s. Various heathen- 
ish amusements performed in 
iJhe night, to excite attention. 

Aafu, a. Oppressively close; 
rash, headstrong. 

Aafu, V. To work without judg- 
ment, to drive at any thing 
without thought. 

Aaga, s. A watchpost or watch- 

Aagi, a. Changeable, not fixed. 

Aahi, V. To visit ; to look after, 
to inspect. 

Aahi, s. A visitor. 

Aahu, a. Smarting, pungent. 

Aaku, pron. Mine. 

Aala, a. Beautiful, shining. 

Aali, a. Transparent; deep; 
just visible in water. 

Aalo, V. To paddle, to row; to 
sit orderly and in state. 

Aalu, V. To hunt with a dog or 

Aana, pron. His, liers, or its. 

A ana, a. Deep and large, as 
applied to ulcers or sores. 

Aano, V. To think; to say, ap- 
plied to what is the general 

Aanu, V, To spit. 

Aanu, s. SpVxWe, %^vi^* 

^ ^ ^ 

^ -/ -/ 



Aanua, \v. To spit at or upon; 

Aanuage^J to bedawb. 

Aanuaga, s, A vessel for spittle. 

Aata, pron. Mine, a familiar term. 

Aata, a. Ripe, mellow; trans* 

Ae, art. The. 

Aefe, pron. Which, whether? 

Aeha, pron. Which, \fhat? 

Aena, pron. That, those? 

Aeni, pron. This, these ? 

Aeva, V. To walk, two or more. 

Ai, V. To put, to place ; to burn 
circles on the body. 

Ai, ad. There, in that place. 

Ai, pron. Him, her, or it. 

Ai, s. A tree, also its fruit; cir- 
cles burnt on the body. 

Ai, V. To surround, to enclose; 
to defend. 

Aia, pron. He, she, or it; i/rfio, 
which, that. 

Aiga, \ s. The place of any thing, 

Aiaga,J a term of general ap- 

Aiagakai, s. A table, crib, man- 

Aiagatohi, s. A bookshelf. 

Aitoa, int. An expression of plea- 
sure at the misfortune of others. 

Ao, s. A cloud, presence; the 
front or most frequented part 
of any island; the inside oi na- 
tive cloth; a head dress. 

Ao, V. To repeat a game, to 
play over again. 

Ao, V. To seek suitable trees in 
a forest ; to chase. 

Aoao, s. Sovereign, sovereignty. 

Aoao, a. Supreme. 

Aoao, s. The eighth moon in the 
Tonga calender. 

Aoao, V, To bind round and 
round ; to hew timber in order 
to its being straight. 

Aoaofia, a. Cloudy, overcast, as 

the moon. 
Aoaokim»jijiva, a. Kind, thought- 
/ii/ to the poor, 


Aofagatuku, v. To play another 
game and then give up. 

Aofi, s» Lining, covering. 

Aofi, V. To line, to cover A 

Aofia, V. To screen, to shield; 
to intercept. 

Aofia, s. A screen or shield. 

Aofibaba, s. The front part of 
the wood on which the native 
cloth is printed; a covering 
for a shelf or table. 

Aofinima,5.The palm of the hand. 

Aofinima, v. To cast the net in 
a certain way. 

Aofivae, s. The sole of the foot. 

Aoga, a. Worthy, useful, pro- 
fitable, needful, acceptable. 

Aoffa, s. Use. 

Aokai, V. To beg food ; to beg 

Aoniu, s. The name of the wood, 
band which surrounds a Tonga 
house, to which all the rafters 
of the roof are fastened below. 

Aoniu, a, Omnipresent. 

Aotuku, s. The last game of 
the Ao. 

Au, s. Old people; weak and 
aged persons. 

Au, a. Old, ripe. 

Au, pron. I, me. 

Au, V. To arrive at; to flow ra- 
pidly, as the current ; to reach. 

Au, s. A current; the sugar' 
cane leaf. 

Aua, int. To be sure ; it is just so. 

Auau, V. To shell; to pick out 

Auaukolo, s. An uneasy state of 

the bowels; gripes. 
Auautonu, s. To declare with- 
out reserve. 
Auaga, s. The cause, the origin 

of death or destruction. 
Auia,^!?. Take it, it is yours, 
Ouia,/ answering to a^a^Tiai or 

otamai: which see. 
Aubito, ad. Very; in an emi- 
nent degree. 



Aubito, ) Superlatively ; 

Aubito aubito,/ the superlative 

Aufau, a. Distant, out of reach. 

Aufoe, r. To peel off. 

Auga, €7. To appoint; to agree 
to meet at a specified time and 

Augalua, a. Hungry. 

Augamokaunaga, v. To fail in 
an agreement from unforeseen 

Auha, part. Destroyed ; extinct. 

Auhani, «?. To prune ; to lop off. 

Auhagataa, a. Difficult to make 
an end of. 

Auhagofua, a. Easy to get 
through or make an end of. 

Auhakaua, acf. Astray, as a fish 

that feeds near shore. 
.Auhatamiki, a. Difficult to ac- 

Auhe, s. A wanderer, a vaga- 
bond; one deserted or for- 

Auhe, r. To wander or rove 

Auhia } ^' ^^ surpass, to outdo. 

Auhia, f?. To be carried away 
by the sea. 

Auhiaamotuafanifo, A phrase, 
one in trouble, but expert at 
extricating himself. 

Auhulu, f?. To strip off dry 
leaves from trees. 

Aujia, f?. To arrive at or come 
up to. 

Aukai, s. A fast. 

Aukai. V. To fast, to abstain 
from food. 

Aulologo, s* Roar, echo, sound. 

Anna, r. To conquer, to over- 
come; to be conquered. 

Aunoa, See auhe. 

Aunofo, r. To sojourn. 

Aunofo, s. A sojourner. 

Autau, a. Unsold; not barter- 
ed, imjAyingit was offered, 


Autaki, V To lead into; lO con- 
duct ; to head a party ; to ar- 
rive at. 

Autalua, s. End, termination. 

Auto, r. To fall away ; to leave ; 
to disappear. 

Autua, V. To try to catch fish 
that have escaped from the net. 

Aba, t?. To venerate, to make 

Abaaba, s. The master of the 
the ceremonies in a cava party; 
the Alofi of the Tuitoga s cava 

Abaabai, ^. A war weapon, made 
from the rib of the nut leaf. 

Abaabai, v. To proceed; to 
move in a row. as soldiers. 

Abai, s. The name of certain 
rafters in a Tonga house. 

Abai, ». To uphold; to render 
prompt obedience. 

Abagofua, a. Not sacred. 

Abaabagofua, s. Liberty, un- 
restraint, applying to any thing 
that has ceased to be forbidden. 

Abajia, s. Reverence, respect. 

Abajia, r. To reverence, to re- 
spect ; to hinder, to prevent. 

Abe, ad. Perhaps. 

Abe, «?. To linger, delay, hesitate. 

Abi, s. Habitation, home, lands. 

Abiabi, a. Crowded, straight, 

Abifaatoetuuaieteve, An ahi 
that have plenty from their 
work with the addition of fruit 

Abiji, «?. To tie together, to bun- 
dle up ; to be wrapped or tied 

Abijia, t? .To remain at any place, 
detained by adverse circum- 

Abita, Similar to ahiji. 

Abitaga, s. A temporary resi- 
dence ; resting place. 

Abo, ad. To mgtvt.. 

Abo, r. To buTtv \\^\.^ vcv \ioc^ 



niglit with one very ill or one 
dead; to feast upon the recep- 
tion of something valuable. 

Aboabo, v. To take aim ; to poise 
ns a spear. 

Abogibogi, ad. To-morrow. 

Abuanea, a. Mouldy; rotten 
from being wet. 

Afa, s, A hurricane, a storm. 

Afa, s. A wonder maker ; one 
w^ho appears to wonder at 
every thing. 

Afa, r. To wonder, to appear 
astonished ; to wish to astonish 
others with what is of daily 

Afaafa, a. Strong, healthy, ro- 
bust ; full, as the tides. 

Afaki, V. To cook food so as to 
be done by the time of waking. 

Afc, a, A thousand. 

Afe, ad. When, only used in the 
future tense. 

Afe, r. To turn aside. 

Afeafei, r. To warp or coil 
round the body. 

Afeafefua. a. Semicircular, half 

Afeafetata, v. To turn short; to 
go and turn again. 

Afega, \ s. The turning of a 

Afeafega,/ road. 

Afekafu, it?. To wrap any- 

Afeafekafu,/ thing several times 
round the body, and lie in it. 

Afeitui, s. A serpentine winding 

Afeitaulalo, v. To espouse the 
cause of the weak. 

Afeitaulalo, s. One that helps 
the downcast or the weak. 

Afia, V. To watch. 

Afi, s. Fire. 

Afii, V. To Qpen ; to stretch. 

Afio, s. Majesty. 

Alio, V. To behold ; to regard ; 
to attend to. 

Afioaga, s. The residence of 


Afiona, s. Majesty. 

Afo, s. A measuring line; a 

small rope ; one course or range 

of the thatch on a Tonga 

Afa, t?. A word used when the 

fire is made for baking food. 
Afu, s. The spray or mist of the 

sea, when breaking upon the 

rocks; the shoots or saplings of 

the Hiabo. 
Afu, a. Overdressed ; a term 

applied to food that has been 

too long in the oven. 
Afu, 8. Hot, red hot; thoroughly 

Afua, a. Fair, dry; not raining 

or wet. 
Afua, V. To long or desire, as 

in pregnancy. 
Afuafu, s. Small rain; mist. 
Afuafu, a. Rainy. 
Afueina, a. Dry and pleasant 

weather during the perform- 
ance of any work. 
Afugi, r. To tease, to annoy 

with importunity. 
Afugia, V. To feel oppressed with 

heat ; to wither from heat. 
Af uha, f. The grain of wood ; 

the tamper or propensity ; the 

direcftion or course of things. 
Afiihataha, v. To go together 

in one direction. 
Afuhi, V. To make damp or 

moist ; to madefy, to sprinkle. 
Afuhia, a. Wet from driving 

rain or mist. 
Afuluga, a. Mouldy; foisty. 
Afiiluga, s. Mould. 
Aga, s. Manner; disposition; 

behaviour ; nature ; habit ; 

Aga, s. The shark. 
Aga, a. Clever, knowing, saga- 

4S^' \ V. To challenge. 
Agaaga,) ° 

Agaaga, s* A corpse, dead body. 



Agaaga^ s. The name of a shell 

Agaaga, r. to interfere ; to in- 

Agaagaki^ v. To increase or 
grow in bad habits. 

Agaagamoana^ s. The name of 
a shell fish. 

Agaagamofai, s. The name of a 
fish^ a species of shark. 

Agaaeiki, a. Chief-like in dis- 

Agaamua, a. Gentlemanly, be- 
coming a maa, 

Agaatu, V. To face, to look to- 
wards ; to incline in an oppo- 
site direction. 

Agaatua,a. Mean, low ; like atua, 

Agai, V. To make, to corres- 
pond; to finish off J to reward. 

Agai, a. Alike.. 

Agai, «. The principal in any de- 
partment ; the finishing stroke ; 
the corresponding opposite. 

Agaofa, a. Kmd; loving. 

Agaofeina, s. One generally be- 

Agaua, a. Cleverwith both hands. 

Agabauu, s. A rogue ; a bad 

Agabauu, a. Mischievous ; 

Agabago, a. Disgusting, hateful. 

Agaboto a. Clever; righthanded. 

Agafajia. a. Insinuating. 

Agafakaotua, s. Godliness; the 
Divine nature. 

Agafakaotua, a. Godly, godlike. 

Agafakabotoboto, a. Prudent; 

Agafakabuaka^ s^ Swinishness; 

Agafakabuaka, a. Swinish. 

Agafakafefine, s. Womanishness, 

Agafakafefine, a. Womanlike, 

Agafakakakano, s. Fleshliness^ 
curnalitj; sensuality, 


Agafakakakano, a. Carnal, 

Agafakalaumalie, s. Spirituality 
of mind. 

Agafakalaumalie, a. Spiritually- 

Agafakalielia, s. A depraved, 
polluted, and filthy disposition. 

Agafakalielia, a. Abominable ; 
disgusting; depraved. 

Agafakamakukaga, a. Prudent. 

Agafakamanu, s. Beastliness. 

Agafakamanu, a. Beastly. 

Agafakamolakau, s. An angry, 
petulant, unforgi^ving disposi- 
tion, literally the disposition 
of a centepede. 

Agafakamolakau. a. Peevish ; 
waspish; unforgiving ; centi- 
pede-like in temper. 

Agafakatagata, s. Manliness. 

Agafakatagata, a. Manly. 

Agafakatamajii, s. Childishness. 

Agafakatamajii, a. Childish. 

Agafakavalevale, a. Childish ; 

Agafatu, s. One kind of the //?. 

Agafefeka, s. Stubbornness, ob- 

Agafefeka, a. Stubborn, per- 

Agafehianekina, s. One gene- 
rally disUked. 

Agahaohaoa. a. Perfect; free 
from charge or complaint in 

Agahake, t?. To go upwards; to 
be raised. 

Agahala, ^. Sin ; sinner; trans- 

Agahala, a. Sinful ; estranged 
from God. 

Agahala, v. To sin. 

Agahia, s* Sin; sinful; wicked- 

Agahia, a. Wicked; sinful. 

Agahifo, t?. To go downwards. 

Agahiki, s. Pnde\ Vv\^\eM\^^\- 



Agaliiki, a. Proud; lifted up. 

Agakche, | a. Pifferent; 

Agakehekehe,/ dissimilar in 
disposition ; opposed. 

Agaki, V. To air or dry anything 
by the fire ; to fire off a large 

Agakoloa, a. Lucky, fortunate. 

Agakovi, s, wickedness ; a wick- 
ed person. 

Agakovi, fl. Wicked, bad; ill 

Agalahi, s, Selfwill, obstinacy. 

Agalahi, a. Obstinate, deter- 

Agalelei, s. Goodness, kindness. 

Agalelei, a. Good, obliging, 

Agama, s. Modesty; bashful- 
ness; shame. 

Agama, a. Bashful ; modest. 

Agamaa, s. Purity, cleanness. 

Agamaa, a. Pure, clean, spot- 

Agam^ii, v. To approach ; to be 
drawingnear; inclined this way. 

Agamau, a. Fixed, settled; 
unchanging in disposition. 

Agamaha, a. Empty; the cocoa 
nut when all the milk is ab- 

Agamaka, s, Perverseness, ob- 

Agamaka, a. Hardened, per- 

Agamalau, a. Noisy, talkative; 
open, free. 

Agamalohi, s. An .ungovernable 
disposition ; fierceness. 

Agamalohi, a. Ungovernable, 

Agamalu, s. Meekness,' mild- 
ness; softness of disposition. 

Agamalu, a. Meek, humble, mild. 

Agamamao, a. Thoughtless; dis- 

Agamamili, -| s. A twisted con- 


Agamamili, ^ s. A twisted con- 
Agamioi, > torted disposl- 


Agamousaa, a. Bad, unkind in 
disposition ; libidinous. 

Agamolu,^. Softness, tenderness. 

Agamolu, a. Soft; tender in 

Agamua, s. The old or former 

Aganoa, a. Foohsh. 

Aganofo, s. Submission, sub- 

Aganofo, o. Submissive, obedi- 

Agataeofa, a. Unkind. 

Agataha, s. A oneness of dispo- 

Agataha, a. Unanimous; of one 
mind or disposition; singular; 
determined in disposition. 

Agatala, s. Conformity; imi- 

Agatala, a. Imitative; desirous 
of imitating another. 

Agatala, t?. To copy after ; to 

Agateia, a. Unlucky; often beat 
or struck. 

Agatouia, a. Easily wounded. 

Agatonu, s. Uprightness, ho- 
nesty, faithfulness. 

AfaSu,} »• UP^g'^*' ^''''''^"'- 

Agatua, a. Humble, applied to 
persons of rank who are unas- 

Agatofoi, a. Exceeding in wick- 

Agatuu, s. Rebellion, oppo- 
sition to lawful authority. 

Agatuu, a. Rebellious. 

Agatuu, V, To rebel, to oppose. 

Agavaivai, s. Humility, gentle- 

Agavaivai, a Humble, gentle. 

Age, V. To give. 

d^ Age is used only when the third 
person follows the verb, as, give him, give 
them. When the first person follows the 
verb, as, give me ; mat is used instead of 
age ; and when the second person follows^ 
as, I give you, atu is used. 


A|r^, ad. Towards, 

flgr Tills, like the above, can only be 
used when it has relation to the third per- 
son, as, alu age, go towards him, her, 

or it. 

I Agi, V. To superintend, to over- 
see ; to come from. 

Agiagi, 17. To begin ; to spring 
up as a breeze. 

Agiagina, s. The motion of any 
thing light moved by the wind. 

Agiga, s» That point of the com- 
pass from which the wind 
' blows. 

Agimui, V To follow after, to 

Agina, t?. To be carried away 
with the wind ; to be full as the 
sail with wind. 

Agini, a. ' Wrinkled ; shrivelled 
from cold. 

Ago, f?. To line or mark; to 

Ago, s. A mark, a chalked line; 
a shrub. 

Agoago, «. Quite empty ; per- 
fectly dry. 

Agoi, s, A spot on which the 
foot is placed in certain games. 

Agoi, a. Anxious to know and 
do many things. 

Agoi, V. To use all sorts of 
means to accomplish an object. 

Ahai, pron. Whose ? 

Ahaga, s. A ford, see Aaaga. 

Ahi, s. The sandle wood. 

Ahiahi, s. An attempt, endea- 
vour, experiment; trial, tempt- 

Ahiahi, \ f>. To tempt ; to en- 

Ahiahii, \ deavour ; to make an 

Ahiahikovi, v. To tempt to sin. 
Ahiahikovi, s. A temptation to 

Ahiohio, s. A wirlwind ; a wa- 
Aliitua, r. To look up laggers 

and idle persons. 
Ahitua, $. One who does as above, 



Alio, s. A kind of shark. 

Alio, s. Day. 

Ahoia, t\ To overtake by the 
day ; to see another day. 

Ahoaho, a. Bright, shining, as 
the moon in a clear night. 

Ahofakaua, s. A term used when 
the moon is full ; literally, 
one day made two, or a dou- 
ble day. 

Ahohiva, s. A heathen festival. 

Ahotetea, s. Morning light. 

Ahu, s. The gall; soot; smoke. 

Ahu, V. To smoke, as a fire. 

Ahua, s. The moving of earth 
by fish under water. 

Ahua, V. To rush at random. 

Ahuina, v. To be smoked; to be 
smoke dried ; to die from suf- 
focation by smoke. 

Aji, V. To penetrate, to pass 
through ; to peep. 

Ajiaji, V. To spy, to look out. 

Ajiaji, s. A spy. 

Ajiu, s, A kind of shrub. 

Ajiga, conj. Notwithstanding. 

Ajigai, ^ V. To change ones 

Ajiajigai,) conduct; to simulate. 

Ajigaki, r. To make earnest and 
repeated attempts to accom- 
plish an object. 

Ajili, V, To increase, to grow. 

Ajilojilo, a. Transparent, clear. 

Ajinijini, a. Clear, lucid; cloud- 
less ; guileless ; unspotted, 

Aka, s. The root of trees ; the 
name of a shrub ; a kick. 

Aka, y r. To kick; to take 

Akahi, J root in the earth. 

Akaaka, s. The wide-spread and 
branched root of a tree; the 
rays of the "sun. 

Akaaka, a. Rooty, full of roots. 

Akaaka, "v v. To kick repeat- 

Akaakahi,/ edly. 

Akau, s. A tree, a plant; a gene- 
ral word under which all kinds 
are comprehended; also, tim- 
ber*, a c\w\>\ i3l eo\sx\\vQrcv V.^TK^ 



applied to medicine, either 
alone or qualified by another 
word, as^ foi akav, a pill. 

Akauia. a\ Abounding in trees. 

\kauola, s> The toutai of the 
King of Tonga; i. e. the chief 
officer in his canoe. 

Akafiji, s. Restlessness; con- 
tinued motion with the legs. 

Akafiji, V. To be restless. 

Akatuu, s. The principal root 
of a tree. 

Ake, s. The name of a tree. 

Akekke,} «• Convalescent. 

Ake, V. To be convalescent, to 

Akeaga, s. The origin or cause 
of a reviving ; a reviver. 

Akeakeloto, a. Rooted in the 

Akefuu, part. Swollen, arisen. 

Akefua, i v. To rise or swell as 

Akefuu, J the waves of the 
sea ; to be inflated. 

Akega, s. Variety; dispensation; 

Akegafoou, s. A new plan;- a 
new era. 

Akegamotua, s. The old plan ; 
the former dispensation^ 

Aki, prep. With. 

AkiaKitua, t?. To enclose and at- 
tack from behind. 

Akiha, v. To embowel ; to evis- 

Akihala, v. Tounplicate. 

Akilotoa, v. To be enclosed or 

A kimaua, pron. du. We two ; 
used in speaking to a third 
person, but not including the 
person addressed. 

A Kimautolu, pron. plu. Us, we, 
excluding the person address- 

A kimoua, pron. du. You two. 

A kimoutolu, pron. plu. You, 


A kinaua, pron. du. They two# 

A kinautolu, pron. plu. They. 

A kitaua, pron. du. Us two. 

A kitautolu, pron. plu. Us, in- 
cluding theperson addressed. 

Akitua, «?. To walk with the 
hands behind. 

Ako, ^ t?. To teach; toad- 

Akonaki, ( monish ; to disci« 

Akonakii, ^ pline; to instruct; 

Akonekina, J to caution. 

A koe, pron. Thou, thee. 

Akonaki, s. A teacher; doc- 
trine ; admonition, counsel, 

Akonekina, part. Taught, in- 

Akoga, s. Disciple, karner. 

Akosobe, v. To imitate ; to try 
to do as superiors. 

Aku, V. To scratch ; to throw 
up loose earth with the hands. 

Akufaki, -^ v. To increase; 

Akuakufaki, > to do more than 

Akufekina, ^ formerly. 

Ala, s. Dear; a term of endear- 

Ala, V. To touch ; to angle with 
small hooks. 

Ala, a. Fit, suitable, eligible, 

Ala, s. Touch ; the act of touch- 


Alaaga, s. The rendezvous of 
small fish. 

Alaalava, $. The grain of wood. 

Alai, V. ^o sit carelessly, and 
in improper places. 

Alaijiaalaikologa, a. Useful in 
more work than one ; as one 
clever at sea and on shore. 

Alafaga, s. A place resorted to 
for the purpose of angling. 

Alafi, V. To feel after with the 

Alafia, r. To be easy of accom- 

Alafia, s. A married person. 

Alafia, a. Married. 




Alafia, a. Suitable; middling, 
used of the weather. 

Alafiaaga, s, A relative by mar- 

Alaga, s. The haunch ; the seat 
of a disease. 

Alaga- falc, s. The timber of a 

Alaga-nima, s. The shoulder of 
an animal. 

Alaga-vae, t. The leg of an ani- 

Alaga-vaka, s, A term including 
the whole tackling and tackle 
of a canoe. 

Aliilia, s, A sweet scent. 

Alaji, r. To handle ; to act upon ; 
to touch ; to feel. 

Alaleau, s. A chorus of a Ton- 
guese song. 

Alamuhu, v. To speak low; to 
depress the voice. 

Alava, s. One species of the 

Alavu, V. To sail with only a 
small part of the sail. 

Alea, s. Conversation; confer- 
ence; discourse. 

Alea, r. To converse together. 

Aleale, a. Weak; failing. 

Aleifua, *. The name of a fish. 

Alefa, *. Hunger. 

Alefa, a. Hungry. 

Ali, s. The name of a fish ; also, 
an indelicate term. 

Aliali, i. A sort of mountebank 
play for reward. 

Aliaki, 1 t?. To clean the feet 

Alialiaki,) by rubbing them on 
any thing ; to stand firmly. 

Aliloukabe, s. The name of% fish. 

Alitalu, i. The name of a fish. 

Alo, s, A child of rank; applied 
to the second person in the 
ever adorable Trinity ; the ab- 
domen of great personages. 

Alo, s. Height ; utmost degree, 
applied to the wind in a hurri- 

Aloalo, \ V. To fan ; to paddle 

Aloaloa,/ on the water for plea- 

Aloi, r. To bring forth. 

Aloifa, a. Small, applied to the 
abdomen ; small bellied. 

Aloofa, r. To compassionate, to 
shew mercy. 

Aloofa, s. Compassion, mercy. 

Alobaki, 1?. To sit in a row, to sit 
in order. 

Alofaga, s. The rendezvous of a 
certain kind of fish ; the dis- 
tance for a paddling canoe. 

Alofaki, s. A paddler; rowers of 
a canoe. 

Alofaki, V. To paddle another 
to any place ; to sit in a row. 

Alofi, s. The place occupied by 
chiefs in a cava party. 

Alofia, V. To paddle to any ves- 
sel to make inquiries, or in 
pursuit of any other object ; to 

Aloga, a. Lazy. 

Aloga, s. An interval ; the time 
passing between two assignable 

Aloga, a. Deceitful, used in re- 
ference to one who feigns ill- 
ness when work is to be done. 

Aloga i, V, To deceive, to trick. 

Alomalie, s. Fine weather, after 

Alotamaki, s. Heavy rain ; bad 

Alovili, r. To do anything de- 

Alovili, a. Importunate ; deter- 

Alu, s, A creeping plant, used 
in making superior baskets ; 
the gait or walk of a person. 

Alu, ) rr 

Aluga, \ 5. The course, the path, 
Aluaga,/ the track; footstep. 
Alualuima\alawV\moTv\3i, t),^ci\i^- 
gin badly Wt exvSi \5^\\. 



Aliialuimonutaukimala, v. To be- 
gin well but end badly. 

Alualumau, v. To go regularly 
and constantly. 

Alui-kai, r. To rove in search of 

Alu-fano, r. To wander, to rove. 

Alu-fakaholomui, v. To retro- 
grade, to go backwards. 

Alu-hake,. v. To ascend. 

Alu-hifo, V. To descend. 

Alumaki, y v. To persist, to 

Alualumaki,/ persevere. 

Alumekina,\ v. To overpower 

Alumia, ) and oppress ; to 
insult the conquered ; to carp 
over a matter already settled. 

Ama, s. A flambeau^ used by 

fishermen; larboard side of 

the canoe. 

Amaamanakin , rw. ^ , 
Amanaki, 7^" ^o expect. 

Amanaki, s. Expectation. 

Amanaki-lelei, r. To hope, to ex- 
pect good. 

Amanaki-lelei, s. Hope, the ex- 
tation of good. 

Amanekina, v. To expect, to 

Ami, s. A part of the crab fish. 

Amio, a. Viscous, glutinous ; also 
twisted, crooked. 

Amo, s. Persons who precede 
warriors as a look out. 

Amo, r. To go in search of the 
enemy ; to reconnoitre. 

Amo, a, .Unequalled, unrivalled 
in excellence. 

Amo, V. To card in mtiking 
ropes ; to use friction upon the 

Amoamo, a Unequal, not even ; 
longer or higher than the rest. 

A moua, pron. du. Yours, be- 
longing to you two. 

A moutolu, pron, plu. Yours, 

belonging to you all. 
Amohe, t?. To be just rousing 

J^ow sleep, 


Amohi, r. To use gentle friction 
in order to allay pain. 

Amui, md. Hereafter. 

Amuji, V. To gather the shrub, 
the bark of which makes the 
native cloth. 

Amujia, V. To covet, to envy. 

Amujiage, v. To wish, to desire. 

Ana, s. A cave, cabin, den, any 
snug place. 

Anaaiia, a. Full of caves and 

Anaanaiage, ^ ad. Shortly, pre- 

Anai, > sently, by and 

Anaiage, ^ by. 

Anaini, ad. Instantly, imme- 

A naua, pron, du. Theirs, be- 
longing to those two. 

Anautolu, pron, plu. Theirs, 
belonging to them. 

Anaga, s, A rendezvous; the 
central point ; the source. 

Ane, s. The moth. 

Ane, part. Used only in compo- 
sition, and refers to past time. 

Aneafi, s. Yesterday. 

Anea, \ a. Moth eaten; rot- 

Aneanea, / ten. 

Ane-efiafi, s. Yesterday after- 

Ane-bo, s. Last night. 

Ane-bogibogi, s. This morning 
or forenoon. 

Anefe, ad. When ? relating only 
to past time. 

Ane-heafi, s. The day before 

Ane-heaho, i. Some day past. 

Ane-hegihegi, s. This morning 
earty, ere sun rise. 

Ane-hoata, *. This noon past. 

Anenai, ad. A short time past. 

Anenaini, ad. Just this moment 

Ane-tuaaneheafi, s. Two days 
before yesterday. 

Ano, s. A lake, a pool, a marsh. 

Anoano, o. ¥\i\V o^ ^m^U ^ools, 

marshy, VioggY* 



Anoiha, s. The day after to- 

Anuanu, v. To be frequently 
spitting ; to wade and swim in 
deep water. 

Anufea, a. Cold. 

Anuhaga, s. A characteristic. 

Anuhia^ r. To bedawb; to spit 

Anusaga, s. See anuhagm. 

Ata, *. The air ; apace ; room. 

Ata, a. Spacious^ roomy; dis- 
engaged, free; downright. 

Ata, s. The official name of the 
chief of one part of Tonga ; 
the morning light. 

Ata, s, A shadow. 

Ata, V. To reflect as a mirror. 

Ataata, s. A kind of shell fish. 

Ataata, a. Ample, spacious, free, 

Ataata, s. The dusk of the eve- 
ning; twilight. 

Ataata i, s. A term applied to 
the nights the moon is on the 

Ataataina, a, Free^ exempt; 

Ataataina s. Apph'ed to one 
who is friendless, none to es- 
pouse his cause. 

Ataatafia, a. Free, without hin- 
drance or obstructions. 

A taua, pron. du. Ours, belong- 
ing to us two. 

A tautolu, pron. plu. Ours, be- 
longing to us all. 

Atalea, a. Bare, as bones long 

Ataloa, "I s. Space without 

Ataataloa, ( bounds. 

Atamai, s. The mind. 

Atamai, v. To wish for, to desire. 

Atanoa, s. See Ataloa. 

Atanoa, a. Boundless. 

Ate, *. The liver; the name of 

a long grass. 
Ateate, s. A branch or shoot of 
the cava root. 


Ateivae, $, The calf of the leg. 
Atcbili, s. The spleen or milt. 
Atehoko, *. The long liver of 

the shark. 
Atemutu, s. The short liver of 

the shark. 
Atetea, s. Any place in the sea 

where the bottom is white s^and 

and visible. 
Ateteaina, v. To be alone, to be 

without company; to be ex- 
Ato, s. Thatch; roof of a house. 
Ato, v. To thatch ; to roof. 
Atofaga, i. Saviour. 
Ato, \ r. To build up ; to 
Atofaki, ) work from below ; to 

pile one thing upon another. 
Ato, a. Fortunate, succesful. 
Atofaki, ^ V. To save, to de- 
Atofekina,/ liver; to screen. 
Atofaki, -fc ^. A saviour; one 
Atofekina, / who screens another 

from danger. 
Atofaki, 17. To be covered over 

with ; to be in abundance. 
Atu, s. A kind of fish. 
Atualo, s, A species of the above. 
Atu, t?. To give, used only when 

the second person follows, see 

age; to take, to throw, to fling. 
Atu, prep. Towards, restricted 

as above. 
Atuatu, r. To throw or fling. 
Atuga, s. A characteristic. 
Atugaage, See Atugatala. 
Atugaki, V. To fling out of the 

hand, to throw at. 
Atugatala, s. Mere talk; talk 

without meaning. 
Atugi, V. To throw at ; to hurl. 
Atugia, V. To be in fear of; to 

cringe in subjection. 
Atumooua, v. To waver; to be 

Atumooua, a. Unstable ; waver- 
Ava, s. An oipeivm^\ ^ ^^•e.v^^^ 

for \esse\s\ a. cx«sv^^\ "^^ 



name of a fish peculiar to the 
lake of Nomtika, 

Ava, a. Open ; hollow. 

Avaava, a. Full of openings. 

Avaavahi, r. To bore or perfo- 
rate in many places. 

Avaavanoa, a. Unemployed ; 

Avaia, a. Difficult of cure, be- 
cause of remaining evil. 

Avaiihu, s. The nostril. 

Avaihua, s. The holes made in 
the canoe through which the 
oars are put to row along. 

Avaituku, s. The hole through 

which a large rope, called the 
tukuy is passed in the canoe. 

Avaga, V. To like ; to be in love 
with, to bewitch. 

Avaga, s. Kind; general class. 

Avagi, V. To raise up, to lift; 
to make an opening. 

Avaki, a. Useful, profitable. 

Avanoa, a. Unemployed, not 

Avatahi, s. The name of a fish. 

Ave, y^ V. To take ; to conduct ; 

Avea,/ to deprive of. 

Aveaga, s. The taker or convey- 
or; conveyance. 



THE second letter in 
U theTonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is as a in Day. 

E, A sign of the future tense. 

E, prep. By. 

Ee, s. Women catching fish. 

Ei, s. A mark of respect and at- 
tention to the conversation of 

Eeba, A term used in reference 
to the position of a dead body. 

Eela, r. To lie on the back ; to 
go with the face directed up- 

Eehi, t?. To prevent, to hinder. 

Eia, pron. He, she, or it. 

Eiki, s. The Divine Being ; a 
chief, a lord. 

Eikiaga, s.. The residence and 
government of a chief; also 
the cause to which one owes 
his chieftainship. 

Eiki-beaoi, s. A quarrelsome 

Eiki-jia, a. Occupied by chiefs. 

Eiki*motu, •\ s. A chief of the 

Eiki-taubotu, > highest rank, a 

ifciki-toho, ^ chief of chiefs. 

Eiki-vaka, s. The commander of 
a vessel 


Eitu, s, A heathen feast. 

Eitu, s. A side ; a half. 

Eu, ^ s. The corner of an axe ; 

Eueu,/ corner. 

Eueu, a. Slanting, skue. 

Eutaha, s. The name of a felling 

Eba, a. Stately; proud. 
Ebu, v. To drink. 
Ebu, ^t?. To cut up weeds; 
Ebuebu,/ to throw sand or earth 

with a spade. 
Efe, s. The cava dust after it 

has been once strained. 
Efeefe, s. A kind of food. 
Efe-lolo, s. The dried remains 

after making oil. 
Efe-niu, s. The grated cocoa nut, 

after the emulsion is strained 

Efiafi, s. Afternoon. 
Efi, ^v. To carry under the 
Efiefi,/ arm. 

Efi* x» I a. Crowded ; full. 

Efiefi, s. The name of a shell 

Efihaki,! r. To hide ; to conceal 
Efihi, / betwixt or amongst 
other things ; to press. 



tfiliia, i\ To be entangled; to Ekenaki-oluga, J. A strong coun- 

be caught ; to be wedged in. 

Efikona, i?. To wear the dresB 
in a certain way. 

Efinaga, s. A wrapper. 

Efituu^ a. Crowded. 

Efu, s. Dust; the name of one 
kind of fine mats. 

Efuefu, s. Ashes. 

Efiii, V. To wash the hair dur- 
ing the process of dying it. 

Efuhia, a. Dusty, covered with 

Efutoga, s. The name of one 
kind of fine mat. 

Ega, s. Turmerick. 

Egeega, a. Yellow, yellowish. 

Eginaki, s. Exhortation; di- 

Eginaki, t?. To exhort, to di- 

Eha, pron. What ? what of it. 

Eheehe, s. A horse laugh. 

Eheehe, r. To laugh, 

Ehi, > a. Vain; thoughtless; 

Ehiehi,/ proud. 

Ehiehii, v. To take care of ; to 
be particular about. 

Eho, a. Putrid, fetid. 

Eho, s. Putrefaction, putre- 

Eji, s. A mound or hillock. 

Eji, V, To raise a mound; to 
decorticate with the teeth ; to 
carry fire. 

Ejia, s. The handle of any tool. 
. Ejieji, V. To finish off* with the 

Eji-feilaulau, s. An altar. 

Eke, s. Examination ; a question 
or inquiry. 

Eke, r. To inquire into, to ex- 
amine, to question. 

Ekeekei, v. To skim or brush 
anything from the surface of 
the water. 

Ekei, V. To stir, to agitate, as 

Ekenaki^ s. The voice, 


ter voice. 
Ekenaki-lalo, s. A deep bass 

Eketdki, part. Swollen. 
Ekinaki, ) ^ y? - t 
E kimaua, pron, du. We, us, two, 

speaking to a third. 
E kimautolu, pron, plu. We, us, 

excluding those addressed. 
E kimoua, pron, du. You, two. 
E kimoutolu, j^ron. jE7/t/. You. 
E kinaua, pron. du. They two, 
E kinautolu, pron. plu. They, 

E kitaua, pron. du. We, us, two. 
E kitautolu, pron. plu. We, us, 

including all addressed. 
Eku, pron. Mine, my. 
Ela, See Eba. 
Elelo, s. The tongue. 
Elili, 8. The name of a shell fish. 
Elito, s. The core or hard sub- 
stance of a boil.' 
Elo, V. To stink. 
Elo, a. Putrid; stinking. 
Elomoui, V. To work lazily or as 

one all but dead. 
Eluelu, s. A word used by the 

weak party when overmatched. 
Eluelu, V. To beg quarter. 
Emi, i\ To move ; to shift as the 

Emiemi, v. To make wry faces ; 

to move ; to wriggle about. 
Emo, r. To lick. 
Emo, ) part. Licking or la p- 
Emoemo,/ ping, as a dog. 
E na, pron. du. Theirs, two. 
Ene, pron. His, hers, or its. 
Ene, \ V. To tickle ; to shew 
Eneene,J the fists or the club, 

as a challenge for boxing. 
Enei, v. To report anything 

with thej design of causing 

laughter ; to exaggerate. 
Eni, ad. Here -^ now. 
E ta, pron. du, Out^.V^'^* 



Ete^ pron. Mine. 
Eteakiy \ v. To be careful; to 
Eteeteaki, J bt cautious. 
Eteete,. r. To walk with the heel 

of the foot from the earlh ; to 

walk slowly. 
Eva, V. To walk about. 
Evai, 1 V. To look out ; to note 
Evahi,/ if there be anything. 
Eve, a. Many, much. 

Eveeva, s. The act of walking; 

Eveeva, r. To walk at pleasure ; 
to saunter ; to loiter. 

Eveevaaga, s. A walk ; a saun- 
tering place. 

Eveeve, s. Old worn out mats. 

Evceve, a. Abounding in; co- 
vered with dust and bits of rot- 
ten mats. 


I THE thu-d letter in the 
J Tonga Alphabet. Its sound 

is that of i in machine. 
I, s. A fan. 
I, prep. In, within, by, through, 

I, 1 s. The pain or sensation of 
li,/ hunger. 
la, pron. He, she, or it. 
laue, inter. Dear me ! 
late, prep. To, from, with, 
lo, s. A part, quarter, or divi- 
lo, ad. Yes ; the affirmative ; 

loao, s. The belly quarter of the 

Toho, s. A scream, an outcry, 
loho, V. To bawl aloud, to 

lotua, s. The back quarter of 

the fish. 
Ibiibi^ s. The cocoa nut after 

the uto has been taken out; 

the ^vhite fat of llbh. 
Ibo, s. IStone blindness of the 

Jh'ij s. The general name for 
:•> : pnv. are utensiL^ but used 
• ■: ^r Ur«lifying term when 

f--i,-. .■■ .:;■• ;■'. as, 

J- . '^o dru)k from ; 

. ~' » 

■ ■;. '^fin. 

Ibu-kai, s. A plate. 

Ifa, V. To contract or draw in 
the belly. 

Ife, ad. Where? 

Ifi, s. The name of a tree, and 
its fruit; the act of blowing 
with the mouth. 

Ifi, V, To blow ; to sound an in- 
strument of musick. 

Ifiifi, $. The lights of the turtle. 

Ifo, s. The taste. 

Ifo-kovi, a. Unsavoury, disagree- 
able to the taste. 

Ifo-lelei, a. Savoury, agreeable to 
the taste. 

Igo, s. Displeasure. 

Igo, V. To be vexed or displeas- 

Igoigoi, a. Variegated; diversi- 
fied in pattern and colour. 

Ihu, s. The nose. 

Ihu-bagra, ^ . ,. , 

Ihu-babaga,} '• A diseased nose. 

Ihu-bagi, s. A flat nose ; a de- 
formed nose. 

Ihu-golo, V. To speak through 
the nose. 

Ihu-vaka, s. A large nose. 

Iliu-mene, s. A peak nose. 

Ijiaki, ) V. To be careful of; 

Ijiijiaki,/ attentive to. 

Ika, s. Fish. 

Ikai, ad. No; the negative. 

Ikafrt.'io, i\ Fish that migrate. 

Tkripj^n^.i, .?. Tljen-'nie t;!.' a tlf'h 



Ikataane, s. The name of a fish. 

Ike, s. A beater^ uged in beat- 
ing out the iapa. 

Ikeikaavai) s. The small insect 
in water. 

Iki^ a. Small. 

Ikimoa, v. To tear in pieces. 

Iku^ s. The end; the tail of ani- 

Iku, ^ V, To finish ; to achieve ; 

Ikui,/ to conquer. 

Ikuga, 1 s. The ending place; 

Ikuaga,/ the termination. 

Ikuiku, s. The ends or tail of 
any thin^. 

Ikuna, V. To overcome, to con- 
quer ; to accomplish. 

Ikunou, s. A short and stumpy 
tail, as the goat. 

Ikuvale, s. A phrase used in re- 
ference to the mortaliy of man; 
literally, a foolish finish. 

Ila, s. A mark; a spot on the 

Ilaila, a. Spotted ; streaked. 

Damutu, 8. A niece, or nephew. 

Ileila, a. Nearly ripe. 

Ileile, a. Destitute; fearful. 

Hi, s. What is kept or reserved 
for re-production. 

Ilifia, 8. Consternation, terror. 

Ilifia, V, To be terrified. 

Ilo,*. Knowledge, understanding. 

Ho, V, To know; to find; to dis- 
cover ; to discern ; to eat. 

Iloa, t?. To be known ; to be 
found out or discovered. 

Iloaga, 8. A knowing discerning 
character; the author or source 
of knowledge. 

Iloage, ad. Suddenly ; lo. 

Iloilo, 8. Prudence. 

Iloilo, r. To act prudently. 

Iloilo, a. Prudent. 

Iloga, s. A sign; a mark. 

Iloga, ad. Whenever, whenso- 
ever, Ice iloga ene alu ; when- 
ever he shall go. 

Dogofua, o. Easy to know or 

Ilogataa, a. Difficult to under- 

Ilohele, a. Cunning, knowing, 
as a bird who knows the snare. 

Ina, V. To expose the teeth ; to 

Inafo, 8, A shoal of fish, Atu. 

Inaga, s. Due; desert. 

Inaji, 8, A heathen ceremony ; 
portion, part, share. 

Ine, 8. A fond expression, simi- 
lar to ala. 

Ineina, See Ina. 

Ino, \ 8. An action of the arms 

Inoino,/ by which a challenge 
to fight is understood. 

Inu, 8. Beverage, drink. 

I™' I V. To drink. 

Isa, 1 V. To hiss; to disapprove; 

Isaisa,/ to contemn. 

Ita, 8. Anger; displeasure. 

Itaina,^ ^ j.^^ ^^^^^^ ^f ^^^ 

; ^^'i^' \ pleasure. 
Itegia, J ^ 

Iteita, a. Cross, peevish, ill-hu- 

Ivi, 8. The edge of a plank or 

Iviivi, 8. The edges or corners 
of wood, as a square leg. 

Iviivi, a. Strong, as one whose 
veins appear large and full. 

Ivilahi, ^ ^ Strong; ath- 

Ivimalohi, V j^^j ^^bust. 

Ivnvimaiohi, -/ . ^ 

Ivivaivai, a. Small in the limbs* 
and body. 






THE fourth letter in the 
A Tonga Alphabet. Its 
Sound is tliat of o in Mole, 

O, prep. Of; belonging to. 

O, con. And. 

O, r. To go, applied to two or 

Oaoigutu, s. The roof of the 

Oaoiniu, *. The outer of the co- 
coa nut kernal, the inner, near 
the shell, called oloalo. 

Oi, r. To grind ; to pulverize ; 
to work or act upon ; to set a 
going ; to originate. 

Oi, s. An expression of pain. 

Oiau, s. An expression of sur- 

Oiaue, inter. Alas! alas! dear 

Oo, s. The name of a fish. 

Oo, t\ To infix, to fasten. 

Oo, a. Deep; infixt. 

Oofaki, r. To overshadow; to 
nestle ; to brood over. 

Ooji, a. Perfect, complete. 

Ooku, pr4>n. Mine. 

Oona, pron. His, hers, or its. 

Oota, s. The cry of the l^en 
when . disturbed during incu- 

(^u, pron. I. 

Oua, r. To desist, to cease, to 
jjive over. 

Obe, 1 r. To extend ; to pass 

Obeobe,/ the bounds. 

Obeobe, a. Full to the brim. 

Obo, a. Full of fat. 

Oboobo, V, To strengthen, as by 
hishing a sound stick to one 

Oboji, r. To fill up ; to put on. 

Obotai, r. To stick ; to be close, 
as one flat surface upon ano- 
ther ; to cleave to. 

Ofn, s. Love, affection, esteem; 

a fathom, or the measure of the 
arms extended. 

Ofa, a. Loving, afFectIc nate. 

Ofa, r. To love; to wish, as, ^/i 
ke behe, O that it may be so; 
or, may it be so. 

Ofaaga, a. Beloved; dear. 

Oftmuuu, r. To love dearly, li- ' 
terally, biting love, love that 
b^tes the mind. 

Ofafaituuga, r. To love in deed; 
to love practically. 

Ofakofu, s. A small and trifling 
present, as an expression of 

Ofamamahi, s. Compassion ; 
painful sympathy. 

Ofa to, s. An insect found in old 

Ofatonoa, s. Love not recipro- 

Ofc, \v. To train ; to bend by 

Ofei,) force. 

Ofeina, \a. Favoured; belov- 

OPeofeina,/ ed by many. 

Ofefine, s. Daughter. 

Ofi, s. Nearness. 

Ofi, a. Near at hand. 

Ofo, s. Suprisc; marvel; won- 

Ofo, 'i V. To be suprised ; to 

Ofoofo, i revive afresh, as any 
herb that appeared dead. 

Ofaofaakui, s. Conduct unbe- 
coming a grandfather. 

Ofoofonoa, a. Unprepared; being 
taken by suprise. 

Ofoofotonu, V. To be ready pre- 
pared for ; to be in expectation 

Ofomaumau,'! r. To be taken by 

Ofovale, / surprise. 

Ofu, a. Overcooked; stale; 

Ogo, J. A pair, a couple ; two of 
a sort. 



rw^ *• \ V. Tol»ear: to feel. 
Ogo 1, / 

Q^ '. j *. Feeling, sensibility. 

Ogoogaa, a. Deafening. 

Ogoogo,*(*, Fame, a report, ru- 
mour,, reporter 

Ogoogo, a. 

Ogoogo, "I V. To report, to make 

Ogoogoa,/ known. 

Olioga, s. A shoal of fisk. 

Oho-mate, *. A mad desptrate 

Oho-mohe, *, Supper, 

Oho-noa, v. To rush without 
thought ; to obtrude ; to pre- 
Renowned, cele- ! Oho-noa, a. Foolhardy, headlong. 

Oho-noa, s. Obtruder, meddler, 

Ohu, s. Smoke, soot; a spoon 
or ladle. 

Ohu, ) V. To lade or throw 

Ohu-hake, J out water ; to scoop. 

Ohua, V, To be smoked. 

Ohule, s. The name of a shell 

■ Oji, r. To be finished ; to be 

Ogoogo-kovi, s* HI fame, disre- 
. Ogoogo-leiei, s. Good news, good 

Ogo-fakaevaha, ^. A wild report; 
an unauthenticated story. 

Ogogataa, a. Obdurate, hard. 

Ogogofua, a. Tender; easily af- I done; all gone, 
fected. j Oji, ^ ^ , 

Ogoji^f «?. To be wearied or over- Ojibe, i 

Ogojiaibe, r. To labour in vain. 

Ogojino, a. Invigorating to the 
body ; pleasing to the mind. 

Ogo-noa, V, To hear indistinctly. 

Ogo-noa, ^ a. Deaf; indistinctly 

Ogo-vale,J to the ear. 

Ona, int. What. 

Ohi, V. To adopt. 

Ohi, s. Adoption ; the name given 
to the banana trees that have 
grown up from the roots of 
former trees. 

Ohiohii, v. To train; to attend 

Ohi-malaia, s. One who is unfor- 
tunate in adopting children; 
an adopted oue who does badly, 
notwithstanding he has been 
well treated. 

Oho, s. The food of travellers or 
voyagers; the cramp or spasms. 

Oho, V. To rush upon; to shoot, 
as spasms. 

Ohoana, s. A wife or husband ; 
a partner. 

Ohooho, a. Neither full nor 


Ojienevencve, a. Endless. 

Ojioji, r. To be eonsumed. 

Ojiojiga-malie, t>. To be utterly 

Ojioji-!oto, a. Without a mind; 
consumed by anger or grief. 

Ojiki, V. To accomplish; to finish. 

Ojikiavelega, r. To do with ear- 
nestness; to do till at a loss 
what to do. 

Ojikoa, V. To strive or to work 
earnestly ; to part with all. 

Oka, ad. When (only in the fu- 
ture tense.) 

Oko, a. Fat (the Kiu,) 

Okooka, s, A pole bored into the 
sand, to which the canoe is 

Okooko, p. To seek fire wood. 

Oku, The sign of the present 

Ola, t?. To scoop out with the 
teeth ; to gnaw. 

Ola, s. Any thing obtained after 
which search has been made ; 
the fruit, the consequence. 

Ola, 5. A \\«A\Xviw K^^^\.\ nX\^ 
name oia Uee. 




Ola, r. To extinguish a light; to 
succeed ; to obtain what was 

Olaola, r. To bite off the skin 
of the yam ; to nibble. 

Oliji, s. The Papaw, also its 
fruit — pummy apple. 

Olo, -X V, To ensnare, to allure, 

Oloa, t to tempt; to rub, to 

Oloi, J brush, or scrub. 

OIoolo, t\ To catch sharks. 

Oloolo, s. The bush or unculti- 
vated land of the bftck part of 
the island. 

Oloboou, s. The first born. 

Olofakalafokoa, r. To allure by 

Olomca, s. The name of a fish. 

Oma, s. Sponge. 

Oma, r. To tighten ; to draw 

up a noose ; to fly. 

Omai,) rii 1 • X r i. 1 

Omi / ^'' ^^"^'^"gj to fetch. 

Omo, ) r. To project ; to 

Omoomo, / shoot beyond some- 
thing, above or below it. See 

Omooma, ) v. To walk 

Omooma-fanobe, f proudly; to 
swagger to and fro. 

Omua, See Ouo. 

One, s. Gunpowder. 

One-iki, s. Fine sand. 

Oncone, s. Sand. 

Oneonea, \ S rl ^ 

Oneonein,) * ^ ^' 

One-uli, s» Black sand. 

Onebata, s. Gravel. 

Ono, s. The name of a fi«h. 

Ono, a. Six ; short. 

Onoono, r. To bow down ; to 
bend forwards. 

Onogahoa, a. Six pairs or cou- 

Onogakau, a. Six score. 

Onogeau, a. Six hundred. 

Onogejino, «• Six. 

Onogofuhi, a. Six hundred cou- 

Onogofulu, a. Sixty. 

Ota, a. Raw, undressed, applied 
only to food. 

Ota, V, To eat raw food. 

Otai, s. A preparation ol 

Ota-fuifuivai, s. Fish washed in 
fresh water. 

Ota-lalakoa, v. To eat raw and 

Ota-taefuifui, s, Ahy thing eaten 
raw and unwashed, used ol 
any thing unsuitable. 

Otoota, s. Sweepings, rubbish. 

Otoota, \ D'rtv 

Otootaia, ( ' ^' 

Otu, s, A row or line; a range; 

a rank ; the sign of the plural. 

applying to lands. 
Otua, s. God. 

Otule, s. The name of a fish. 
Ovava, s. The name of a tree. 



THE fifth letter in the 
J Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of u in Rvle. 
U, r. to be agreed, unanimous ; 

to sound. 
U, s, A bundle : a faggot, a sheaf; 
sound ; a*»tick used in prepar- 
Jng the native oven. 
l'^, o'. Two. 

U'a, s. The neck. 

Ua, r. To ward off; to raise bj 

Uaga, .9. The maggot. 

S"aShla,} «• Maggotty. 
Uagofuhi, a. Twice two hundred 
Uagaahoa, n. Two pairs or cbu 


I GiO 



Uagakau; a. Two score. 

Uageau^ a. Two hundred. 

Uakai, s. Greediness^ ravenous- 

Uakaii r. To erave^ to long for^ 
to raven. 

Uaki^ s. The name of a war spear. 

UalolOj r. To be assembled and 
seated, a large number. 

Uamakaemaema, r. To be care- 
ful of his own, but trouble 
others for the same. 

Uatei, a. In motion ; dilation ; 
jagging to and fro. 

Ue, int. Similar to Aua. 

Uei, I V. To shakjp ; to more ; 

Ueuei,/ to dispose ; to try to 
set a going. 

Ui, int. Expressive of displea- 
sure ; fy. 

Ui, s. A call ; the name of one 
kind of cocoa nut. 

uiuiU p^^^^^'y- 

Uiui, a. Black. 

Uimui, V. To speak in order to 

Vo, s» Lobster, craw fish. 

Uo, 8. An indiscriminate assembly. 

Uoua, s. Sinews. 

Uouagakehekehe, a. Different 
opinions ; not unanimous. 

Uouagataha, > a. Unanimous; 

Uouagatatau, / of otie mind. 
Uouatanu, a. Deep, out of sight, 

the veins of the arms. 
Uofulu, a. Twenty. 
Uotuu, ^ s. Commotion ; tu- 
Uouotuu,/ mult. 
Uu, s. The name ofa shell fish. 
Uu, r. To bite, to sting. 
Uu, s, A bite ; the act of biting. 
Uua, r. To crow, as a cock. 
Uufi, V, To cover, to overspread. 
Uufi, s. A cover, an overall. 
Uuku, s. Continuance. 
Uuku, V. To continue ; to per- / 
severe* ' 

Uuhi, .V. Sound or noise of any 

thin;^ ill motion. 
Uulu, V, To fall ; to sound in fall- 

Uutaki, r. To keep between the 

Ufe, s. A heathen play. 
Ufi, s. The yam ; the name of a 

shell fish. 
Ufi, V, To act with reverence, 

care, and attention. 
Ufia, t\ To be covered or hid. 
Ufiufi, r. To corer, to conceal. 
Ufiufi, s» A cover, a screen. 
Ufikau, s. A covering ; anything 

said or done to cover an ot- 

Ufilei, s. A small kind of yam. 
Ufileifieufi, s. One small, but 

very aspiring ; one poor, but 

Ufitea, s. A film. 
Ufivaito, s. A preparation of 

Ufu, s. The name of a fish. 
Uga, s* The name of a shell fish. 
Uga, V. To whine, to cry ; to 

beg assistance in any work. 
Uga, V. To take shelter ; to be 

sheltered or screened. 
Uga, a. Rotten, decayed, as the 


ufaki J *• Shelter, a screen. 

Uffaane, s. The neck, of the 

Ugaki, ^ 

Ugekina, ( v. To shelter,to de- 

Ugi, i fend, to screen. 

Ugia, ) 

Ugakikiva, s. The name of a 
shell fish. 

Uga-mate, a. Deadly shade. 

Uga-moui, a. Shade favourable 
to life. 

Ugogo, s. The name of an in- 

Ugouga, a. Full c»f notches and 
small Vio\e«« 

1 A 



•a, J- 

Ola, r. To extinguish a light; to 
succef (1 ; to obtain what was 

Olaola, r. To bite off the skin 
of the yam ; to nibble. 

Oliji, s. The Papaw, also its 
fruit — pummy apple. 

V, To ensnare, to allure, 
to tempt; to rub, to 
brush, or scrub. 
V. To catch sharks. 

Oloolo, s. The bush or unculti- 
vated land of the back part of 
the island. 

Oloboou, s. The first born. 

Olofakalafokoa, r. To allure by 

Olomea, s. The name of a fish. 

Oma, s» Sponge. 

Oma, r. To lighten ; to draw 
up a noose ; to fly. 

Onir'} ^'' '^^^^^^^S> to fetch. 

Omo, ) r. To project ; to 

Onioomo, / shoot beyond some- 
thing, above or below it. See 

Omooma, ) r. To walk 

Omooma-fanobe,/ proudly; to 
swagger to and fro. 

Omua, See Oi/a. 

One, s. Gunpowder. 

One-iki, s. Fine sand, 

Oncone, s. Sand. 



\^ } a. Sandy. 

One-uli, s. Black sand. 

Onebata, *. Gravel. 

Ono, s. The name of a fish. 

Ono, a. Six ; short. 

Onoono, r. To bow down ; to 

bend forwards. 
Onogahoa, a. Six pairs or cou« 

Onogakau, a. Six score. 
Onogeau, a. Six hundred. 
Onogejino, a. Six. 
Onogofuhi, a. Six hundred cou- 
Onogofulu, a. Sixty. 
Ota, a. Raw, undressed, applied 

only to food. 
Ota, r. To eat raw food. 
Otai, s» A preparation of 

Ota-fuifuivai, s> Fish washed in 

fresh water. 
Ota-lalakoa, r. To eat raw and 

Ota-taefuifui, s. Ahy thing eaten 

raw and unwashed, used oi 

any thing unsuitable. 
Otoota, s. Sweepings, rubbish* 
Otoota, 1 T^- i. 

Otu, s. A row or line ; a rang^ 
a rank ; the sign of the plurO- 
applying to lands. 

Otua, s, God. 

Otule, s. The name of a fish. 

Ovava, s. The name of a tree. 


UTHE fifth letter in the 
^ Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of u in Rule, 
U, r. to be agreed, unanimous ; 

to sound. 
U, s, A bundle ;^a faggot, a sheaf; 
sound ; a^fiticlv used in prepar- 
wg the native oven, 
^^^ ^. Two. 


Ua, s. The neck. 

Ua, r. To ward off; to raise b 

Uaga, .9. The maggot. 

Uagofuhi, a. Twice two hundrcc 
Uagaaho^, «. Two pairs or cbi 


\ GO 

cau, a. Two score. 

ui, a. Two hundred. 

1, s. Greediness, ravenous- 


1, r. To crave, to long for, 


s. The name of a war spear. 

3, t\ To be assembled and 

led, a large number. 

kaemaenia, r. To be care- 

of his own, but trouble 
2rs for the same. 

a. In motion ; dilation ; 
jing to and fro. 
it. Similar to Aua. 

\ V. To shake ; to more ; 
,1 to dispose ; to try to 
St going. 

/. Expressive of displea* 
} ; fy. 

A call ; the name of one 
1 of cocoa nut. 

}v. To call, to call re- 

a. Black. 

, V. To speak in order to 


Lobster, crawfish, 
in indiscriminate aasembly. 

s. Sinews. 

;akehekehe, a. Different 
ions ; not unanimous, 
ataha, > a. Unanimous; 
atatau,/ of one mind, 
mu, a. Deep, out of sight, 
^eins of the arms. 
I, a. Twenty. 
, ^ s. Commotion ; tu- 
iu,/ mult. 

The name of a shell fish. 

To bite, to sting. 

A bite ; the act of biting. 
u To crow, as a cock. 
>. To cover, to overspread, 
r. A cover, an overall. 

s. Continuance. 

r. To continue ; to per- , 
e. ' 

Uuhi, .9. Sound or noise of any 

thing in motion. 
Uuki, V. To fall ; to sound in fall- 
Uutaki, r. To keep between the 

Ufe, s, A heathen play. 
Ufi, J. The yam ; the name of a 

shell fish. 
Ufi, V, To act with reverence, 

care, and attention. 
Ufia, t\ To be covered or hid. 
Ufiufi, r. To cover, to conceal. 
Ufiufi, s. A cover, a screen. 
Ufikau, s. A covering ; anything 

said or done to cover an of- 
Ufilei, s. A small kind of yam. 
Ufileifieufi, s. One small, but 

very aspiring ; one poor, but 

Ufitea, s. A film. 
Ufivaito, s. A preparation of 

Ufu, s. The name of a fish. 
Uga, s. The name of a shell fish. 
Uga, 1?. To whine, to cry ; to 

beg assistance in any work. 
Uga, V. To take shelter ; to be 

sheltered or screened. 
Uga, a» Rotten, decayed, as the 


ufaki J *' Shelter, a screen. 

Uffaane, s. The neck, of the 

Ugaki, ^ 

Ugekina, ( v. To shelter,to de- 

^gh V fend, to screen. 

Ugia, ) 

Ugakikiva, s. The name of a 
shell fish. 

Uga-mate, a. Deadly shade. 

Uga-moui, a. Shade favourable 
to life. 

Ugogo, s. The name of an in- 

Ugouga, a. ¥\iW dll wftV£cA% «xAl 
small ho\eB« 



Uha, s. Rain. 
Uha, V. To rain. 
IJhaia, a. Wet with rain. 
Uha-fakahahau, s, A drizzling 

small rain. 
Uha-lolo, s. Heavy rain. 
Uha-maka, s. Hail. 
Uha-tea, s. Rain that falls whilst 

the sun shines. 
Uheina, a. Wet with rain. 
Uhele, V. To prepare the oven for 

cookingalarge quantity of food. 
Uhi, s. The name of a shrub. 
Uhi, r. To go or come. 
Uhie, s. An ill omen. 
Uhiuhi, s. The name of a tree. 
Uhiuhi, a. Dark blue^ as the deep 

water of the sea. 
Uhiuhimau, r. To frequent any 

Uhiga, s. Meaning, explanation^ 

signification ; the course. 
Uhi, ^ s. The young of ani- 
Uliiki, J mals. 
Uliila, *. Lightning. 
Uhila, V, To lighten. 
Uhinoa, ^ a. To go or come 
Uhiuhinoa, / without any special 

object in view. 
Uho, s. The umbilical chord ; 

the root of the kava ; pith. 
Uhotahabe, s. A term applied to 

children of the same mother. 
Uhu, V. To shoot, as quick pains; 

to go or come early in the morn- 
Uhu, s. Morning ; twilight. 
Uhui, V. To intervene, to come 

between persons ; to pick the 

teeth ; to ram. 
Uhui, s. A rammer. 
Uhuihui, V. To pass between 

I ji, s. The buttock ; the seat. 

liiia } ^* '^^ bite; to be bitten. 

Uka, .9, The st|ing of a bow ; the 
tempoi-ary fksteninga in build- 

//^ a canoe. 


Uka, a. Sticky ; well mixcdi 

npphed to Tonga bread. 
Uke, a. Small. 
Ukei, s. The challenge of a weak 

party to a strong one. 
Uki, r. To inquire ; to look up. 
Ukiukivale, t;. To inquire or look 

after in vain. 
Uku, V. To dive. 
Ukuloa, a. Long, applied to 

Ukuma, v. To endure ; to bear. 
Ukuma, a. Patient. 
Ukunakiy a. Persevering ; in- 
Ula, s. A heathen night dance ; 

a name of office. 
Ula« a. Quicksighted ; clever. 
Ula, r. To dance. 
Ule, s. The penis. 
Uli, s. Filthy contamination, nat- 

Uli, a. Dirty, polluted, filthy. 
Uli, t?. To steer a vessel. 
Ulin, V. To be terrified ; to be in 

terror ; to be lost out of sight. 
Ulie, s. A large species of th& 

Uliuli, a. Black, dark. 
Ulifofo, a. Very dirty, filthy. 
Uligaki, -» a. Determined, re- 
Uliuligaki,) solute, fixed. 
Uhlologo, a. Silent, sullen, dumb. 
Ulo, s. Flame, blaze. 
Ulo, V* To flame, to blaze. 
Uloa, s. One mode of catching 

Uloa, t?. To catch fish by the 

Uloulo, a. Flaming, blazing. 
Ulotea, s. Faint rays of the sun. 
Ulu, «. The head ; the number 

Ulu, V. To enter ; to pass through, 

as anything thrown or darted. 
Ulu, a. Thick, bushy, as a dresa 

of leaves. 
Ulua, ,f . The name of a fish. 
Uluaki, o. ¥Vt%t- 



Uluaki, s. First-begotten. 
Uluega, .V. Tlie name of the tenth 

moon in the Tonga year. 
Ului, t\ To join ; to unite with ; 

to change the dress. 
I Uhiua, a. Long-headed. 
Uluulu, s. The edge of the reef 

where the sea breaks ; one me- 
thod of taking fish. 
Ulubale, s. The top of the mast. 
Uluboko, s. The skull. 
Uhibubu, r. To put heads to- 
Ulububububui a. Tliick, close, 

crowded, as the hair of the 

Ulufi, s. A wooly head. 
Ulufiai V. To be connected ; to come 

in contact. 
Ulugaaga, s. The predominant 

disposition of the mind. 
Ulugiue, s. The name of one 

kind of yam. 
Ulugia, r. To be beaten ; out done 

in any game. 
Uluhika, s. A head the hair of 
> which stands erect. 
Uluhina, s. A grey head. 
Ulujino V. To dwell in the body ; 

to be one with man, applied to 

the gods. 
Ulukau, s. The name of a fish. 
Ulttloa, s. A high or long head, 
tlumoui, s. Applied to the yam, 

or any thing set in the earth, 

when all its virtue is thrown out 

in leaves or blossoms, but no 

Ulutefua, s, A friendless person. 
Ulutukua, V. To be subject to 

Ulatoke, s, A long head. 
Uluvair, V. The name of a person 

killed at the burial of the tui- 

Uluvatu, s. A rendezvous ; a 
place to Tiht6h many resort. 
Uma, s. . The shoulder. 
UttiM, tu To kisg. I 


Umaji, V, To kiss by force ; to 
pinch ; to pull ofi' the skin. 

Umaki, v. To eat and drink alter- 

Umana, s. The name of a shell 

Umata, *. The rainbow. 

Ume, s. The name of a fish. 

Umea, *. Clay. 

Umeohu, s. The name of a fish. 

Umeumea, s. Rust ; canker. 

Uraeumea, a. Rusty. 

Umeumea, r. To rust ; to cor- 

Umejia, r. To pinch ; to pull the 

Umelei, s. The name of a fish. 

Umeta, *. The name of a fish. 

Umevale, s. The name of a fish. 

Umiji, V. To wish to eat fish. . 

Umoumo, r. To cork ; to stop 
up, applied to many. 

Umoji, *. A cork, bung, plug. 

Umoji, V. To cork ; to bung. 

Umu, s. A basket of native food 
dressed ; the name of a fish. 

Umuumu, s. Small sand banks. 

Umuhina, s. The name of a fish. 

Umumoana, s. The name of a 

Umutegetega, s. The name of a 

Unaau, s. The name of a fish. 

Unani, \ v. To eat sparingly 

Unotinani, ) or delicately. 

Uni, r. To collect together, and 
carry in the hand. 

Uno, s. The scales of fish ; tor- 
toise shell. 

Unouno, a. Scaly. 

Unofiiaki, s. A film on the eye. 

Unoho, s, A husband or wife. 

Unohoimanu, s. A male and fe- 
male of birds or animals. 

Unohoivale, *. A couple who are 
alike foolish. 

Unomoa, s. Thex^xcvi^ o^ ^^i^* 

Unu, s. The slxamex ol xJckfcV^^^ 
when fuW. 



Balagii, r. To rot; to beat to 

a pulp. 
Balahi, a. SeeBalai. 
Balahia, r. To be deeply con- 
cerned or affected. 
Balaka, s. The name of one kind 

of the sugar cane, and also of a 

war spear. 
Balakakano, s. Breadth. 
Balakakano, a. Broad. 
Balalaua, v. To force or drive off* 

or on, as a vessel near a reef. 
Balalaua tuu, r. To speak con- 
fusedly ; to leave undecided. 
Bala-kovi, a. Decayed ; very 

Balaku, a. Filthy, nasty. 
Balala, a. Rough, broken sound. 
Babale, r. To throw the net at a 

Balalafa, s. The mid rib of the 

cocoa nut leaf. 
Balalivale, a. Awkward, clumsy. 
Bala-taha, a. All on one side. 
Bala-tah], a. Saturated ; soaked 

with sea water. 
Bala-vale, a. Long ; too long ; 

Bale, V. To approach ; to go as 

one weak and friendless. 
Bale, r. To paddle ; to rew ; to 

decline, as the sun when past 

the meridian. 
Bale, s. A frontlet ; a forked 

Balei, v. To ward or fence off ; 

to turn aside. 
Balebale, s. A shelf. 
Balebale, a. Strong blowing, used 

when paddling canoes are the 

subject of conversation. 
Bale tuu, r. To go and come 

quickly in a small canoe. 
Baleva, ^ a. Tall ; long ; over- 
Baleveleva, J grown. 
Balevaka, j. Along rod with which 

canoes are propelled along. 
Balikiha, s. The name of one kind 

of banana. 


Bali, *. Pubes. 

Balo, s. The name of one kind of 

yam ; a large kind of mouse. 
Balolo, s. A reptile much like 

the earthworm, found in the 

Baloloa, a. See Baleva. 
Balu, s. The name of a fish. 

BalUa,} ^' ^^ ^^"^ 5 to mingle. 
Balua, V. To beat to a pulp. 
Baluaga, s» Any vessel in which 

a mixture is made. 
Balubalu, s. A marriageable girl. 
Balufu, s. A shell fish. 
Baluji, s. Paste, glue. 
Baluji, r. To paste ; to glue ; to 

Balutu, V. To bathe ; to wash. 
Balu-valea, v. To act out of ^ 

order and character. 4 

Ba-maka, s. High rocks ; a wall 

of stone. 
Bana, a. Slow in growth. 
Bana, r. To stunt. 
Banafunafu, a. Brown ; snuff 

Banaki, a. Close ; near at hand. 
Banaki, 1?. To presume ; *to 

Banea, o. Old, older. 
Banebanea, a. Dirty, filthy, ap- 
plied to the head. 
Banefunefu, a. Brown. 
Bani, v. To anoint the head ; to 

daub ; to soil ; to bf^smear. 
Bania, «?. To forage ; to ravage. 
Bani-uli, a. Dirty; besmeared 

with dirt. 
Baniga, *. Property presented by 

a nephew or niece to an aunt, 

including every kind of Tonga 

Bani-hia, a. Sinful ; covered with 

Bani-tafe, r. To anoint profusely. 
Basaga, s. A forked branoli or 

Bata, s. Gravel or rough sand. 





which prevents the rolling or 
moving of other matters ; a 
leaf for catching rain. 
Bae, V. To push or throw to a 
different place. 

&aea, s. A friendless person ; a 

Baea, a. Friendless, poor, des- 

Baea, r. To float on the surface 
of the water ; to drift. 

Baeaki, a. Full to overflowing ; 

Baeoa, v. To be ashamed ; to 
feel confused. 

Baebae, v. To lay logs or stones 
as dams or sills. 

Baega, s. A pitching gambling 

Baekoy a. Lean ; wanting fat, 
applied to fish after spawing. 

Baetaku, v. To sneer at. 

Baetakuy a. Sneering contempt- 

Bai, y a. Contracted or maimed 

Baibai,/ in the fingers or toes; 
applied also to trees stunted in 
the growth. 

Baika, s. A fence built to entrap 

Baikea, s. The name of a shell 

Baiku, s. A game, 

Baiku-iku, s. The point ; the 
spear ; the taper end of any 

Bao, s, A fringe ; a flounce. 

Bao, V. To row ; to transplant the 
banana shoots. 

Baobao, v. To drive forward as 
in pitching ; to exaggerate. 

Baobao-mui, v. To keep in the 
rear ; to proceed warily. 

Baoboji, s. One kind ef Tonga 

fish hook. 
Baogataa, s. Ob&tinacy, stub- 
bornness. ■■* 
Baogataa^ a, Ohstinnte, stub- 
born, restiff', unyielding. 


Baogofua, s. Readiness, prompti- 

Baogofua, a. Ready^ willing, 

Ban, a. Confident, fixed, de- 
termined, certain, definite. 

Bau, acL Certainly, without, 

Baua, s. The name of a fish. 

Bauu, s. Mischief; a mischievous 
one ; a rogue. 

Bauu, a. Roguish, mischievous. 

Bauu, vl To act the rogue. 

Bauuji, ^ V. To tease ; to an- 

Bauujia, / noy ; play the rogue ; 
to be teased or annoyed. 

Bauhiuhi, a. Green, black, and 

Baulu, t7« To fall with force or a 
sudden noise. 

Baba, s. A preparation of food ; 
the name of a fish. 

Baba, *. A long hollow piece of 
wood on which the native cloth 
is printed ; board. Laubaba, 
a board ; a flat bed of stones. 

Baba, a. Plain ; even, as a road 
much trodden. 

Baba, v. To break out afresh, 
as a wound ; to crack ; to shake 
before falling. 

Babae, s. The name of a fish. 

Babae, a. Slanting, oblique, 

Babaea, v. To fall to leeward ; 
to be driven by wind and waves. 

Babai, v. To spread out in order; 
to lay upon. 

Babauu, ». To look sullen and 

Babababa, a. Smooth, not rough 
or rugged ; nearly filled, ap- 
plied to a wound. 

Babaga, *. A face deformed by 
the Bala ; the face or exterior 
of any thing* that is rough. 

Babagatoa, s. Thickly set ; in- 

Babagatuu, a* ^^e Iiaba'?;^>^^«i- 



Babagi, *• A murderous blow. 

Babahi; s. A mischief maker ; a 

Babahi, a. Mischievous. 

Babahu, v. To strike each other, 
as in Fetaaki, 

Babaka, r. To flinch ; to boggle. 

Babala, r. Diseased with the 

Babala, s. See Bala. 

Babala-amanaki, v. To be over- 
taken by the consequence of 
bad conduct. 

Babalagi, *. A foreigner ; foreign 
manufactures, such as cloth, 
linen, &c. 

Babale, r. To do at a venture ; 
to submit. 

Babaliliki, s. A mat of a fine tex- 

Babanaki, r. To presume ; to 
venture upon; to fear no refusal. 

Babanaki, s. The ends and rags 
of the Fetaaki. 

Babanaki, a. Soft, spongy. 

Babani, v. To forage in search 
of food. 

Babani, s. Forage ; food sought 
abroad in time of war. 

Babani, s. The crest or top of 
the Kalae. 

Babata, a. Coarse in texture ; 
unkind, in language. 

Babata, v. To break out, as an 
eruption in the skin. 

Babate, r. To be used to ; ac- 
customed to ; in the habit of. 

Babatetele, *. A mat of coarse 

Babatoa, a. Threatening rain. 

Babatuu, r. To stand withal, as 
a tree that cracks oft and long 
before it falls. 

Babeva, See Tabeva. 

Bafunoa, r. To talk without 

Babunoa, a. Talkative, loqua- 
Bafetaaki, r. To Bohtn and 


smooth ihefetaakiy ere it if * 

made into gatu. 
Bafua, V. To strike the whole : 

surface ; to fall flat against. 
Baga, s. A cicatrice ; a scar. p 
Bagia, r. To strike a heavy blow: jj 
I^^gO} \ a* Disgusting, abo- i 
Bagovivi,/ minable^ sad, bad^ -j 

unlucky. I 

Bagoa, *. Holes or pits of water. "!!! 
Bagotogoto, a. Abundant m | 

flesh ; stout, large, fullgrowiu f| 
Baha, s. The name of a shrub. ^ 
Baha, r. To break out ; to have 

eruption from the body. 
Bahabaha, a. Dark red ; blood -: 

Bahabahagi, a. Light, not heavy. ^ 
Bahabahagi, s. Lightness ; with-< ^_ 

out weight. 
Bahakohaka, a. Thin ; tall ot/| 

long, but thin. 
Bahakula, a. Red; blood-like. 
Bahi, -v «?. To be tired of; 
Bahia, ^ to be out of love .t| 
Bahiaoho, ^ with anything ; to ^ 

Bahihi, a. Split, riven. 
Bahihi, s, A splinter, a thin 

piece of wood, used as a knife* 
Bahu, s, A hollow tree set in 

water, as a filterer. 

5^t"' I V. To beat soundly. 

banua,J -^ 

Bahui, a. Lean, nil bones. 
Bahubahu, a» Hoarse, deep, 

rough, applied to sound* 
Baji, V. To clap hands. 
Bajia, ^ a. Light, not burdened 
Bajiejia,/ or laden ; clear of 

impediment or aflliction. 
Bajibaji, r. To continue clapping 

the hands* 
Bajibaji, 0. To have become 

incapable of exciting interest ; 

to weary by the same thing over 

and over again. 
Bajika, r. To glide ; to skim 




i, V. To take the lead ; to 


*. An ornament for the 
, made from whale's ^eth. 
V, To be fixed, deter- 
d, or agreed. 

a. Fixed, settled. ^ 
s. The name of a shell 

V, To flinch ; to evade. 
a. Slender. 

la, a. Wretchedly thin or 
in flesh. 

, ' V «• Spare, slender; 
, ' / wanting flesh. 

kaka,\ a. Crisp, curled, 

, / brittle. 

;. To challenge ; to boast. 

?. A challenge. 

t. Boasting ; exulting in 


'I r. See BaJcabaka^ 

Lele, s. A barrier or 
art of earth. 
V. To break off*; to 
pluck ; to snap. 
. A small paddle. 
s» A deathwatch ; an 

I that makes a ticking 

1?. To impinge ; to strike 


r. To cohabit with 
er and daughter, 
ti, r. To break bread or 
rittle substance, 
d, s. The name of a war 

s, A cracking noise ; 

II voice. 

r. To crack ; to smack, 
gamaga, v. To break off 
lils of fish, as a proof that 

a quantity was caught 
than could be brought to 

etahha, v. To gather 

both, when one ou«{ht to have 

been left. 
Bakini, r. To whip children. 
Bakitaha, v. To cut in two. 
Bako, \ 1. A hollow sound ; 
Bakobako, I the striking of the 

arm, as a challenge for wrest- 

Bako, «. The name of a plant. 
Bakoka, r. To use plenty of k^ka 

in making gatu. 
Bakoko, a. &ry, shrivelled. 
Bakoko, s. The name of the mul- 
berry bark when dried. 
Bakokoua, a. Double dried ; 

twice shrivelled. 
Baku, s. Crust ; the crisp of 

any thing cooked ; the motion 

of the throat of one near 

Baku, r. To arrive. Set Ba. 
Baku, a. Unwilling, reluctant. 
Bakubaku, $. A crust ; a scab ; 

any substance grown hard or 

crusty. . 
Bakubaku, a. Crimp ; brittle. 
Bala, 1. The name of a disease ; 

a sore. 
Bala, a. Ulcerated, decayed, 

Bala, r. To be glided along by 

the wind. 
Bala^a, s. A piece of the reed 

Balai, a. Indistinct, confused, 

Balau, ^. A babbler. 
Balau, t7. To babble. 
Balau, r. To pinch or scratch. 
Bala-uli, s. The dark cqloured 

cowry shell. 
Balau-kovi, a. Not the same in 

works as in words. 
Balabala, s. Dirt, mire, mud. 
Balabala, a. Dirty, miry, soft, 

Balabu, 8. Mist. 
Balabu, a. MUl^^ o\^%^\x\^. 
Balagi, i. TVve ivaTcifc q^ ^^'^\^ 


BaUgia, r. To rot; to best t" 

a pulp. 
Balahi, a. SeeBalai. 
Balahia, r. To be deeply con- 
cerned or affected. 
Balaka, *, The name of one kind 

of the sugar cane, and also of a 

war spear. 
Balakakano, a. Breadth. 
Balakakano, a. Broad. 
Balalaua, v. To force or drive off 

or on, ai a veiBel near a retf. 
Balalauatuu, r. To speak con- 

fuiedly ; to leave undecided. 
Bala-kovi, a. Decayed j very 

Ba!aku, a. Filthy, nasty. 
Balala, a. Rough, broken sound. 
Babale, v. To throw the net at a 

Balalafa, t. The mid rib of the 

cocoa nut leaf. 
Balalirale, a. Awkward, clumsy. 
Bala-taha, a. All on one side. 
Bala-tahi, a. Saturated ; soaked 

with sea water. 
Bala-vale, a. Long ; too long ; 

Bole, V. To approach ; to go as 

one weak and friendless. 
Bale, V. To paddle ; to row ; to 

decline, as the sun when past 

the meridian. 
Bale, t. A frontlet ; a forked 

Balei, v. To ward or fence off; 

to turn aside. 
Balebale, s. A shelf. 
Balebale,/^. Strong blowing, nsed 

when paddling canoes are the 

subject of conversation. 
Baletuu, v. To go and come 

quickly in a small canoe. 
Balera, \ a. Tall ; long; ovec- 
Baleveleva,/ grown. 
Baievaka c.Alongrodwitbwhich 

canoes are propelled along. 
Balikiha, s. The name of one kind 
of banana. 


Bali, t. Pubes. 

Balo, t. The name of one kind of 

yam ; a large kind of mouse. 
Balolo, t. A reptile much like 

the earthworm, found in the 

Baloloa, a. See Baleva, 
Balu, s. Thenameof afish. 

Balua, V. To beat to a pulp. 
Baluaga, «, Any vessel in which 

a mixture is made. 
Balubalu, t. A marriageable girt. 
Balufu, t. A shell fish. 
Baluji, «. Paste, glue. 
Baluji, r. To paste ; to glue ; to 

Bolutu, V. To bathe ; to wash. 
Balu-valea r. To act oat rf'\ 

order and character. » 

Ba>meka, a. High rocks ; « waD 

of stone. 
Bana, a. Slow in growth. 
Bana, r. To stunt. 
Banafunafu, a. Brown ; snuff 

Banaki, a. Close ; near at hand. 
Banaki, v. To presume; -to 

Banea, a. Old, older. 
Banebanea, a. Dirty, filthy, ap- 
plied to the head. 
Banefunefu, a. Brown. 
Bani, V. To anoint the head; to 

daub ; to soil ; t" liesmcar. 
Bania, v. To forage ; tn rav»ge. 
Bani-uli, a. Dirty ; besmeared 

with dirt. 
Baniga, a. Property presented by 

a nephew or niece to an aunt, 

including every kind of Tonga 

Bani-hia, o. Sinful ; covered with 

Bani-tafe, t. To anoint profusely. 
Basaga, «. A forked branah or 

BaU, <. Gravtl ot rough sand. 



Bata, r. To break out, at an 

eruption in the skin. 
Batailatuu, v. To talk and act 

well while all is prosperous. 
Batabata, a. Coarse in texture ; 

rough ; large patterned. 
Batabata^ a. Too familiar; too 

Bataka, v. To smack the mouth. 
Bate-uli, «• A dark scar in the 

skin ; what has become dark by 

Batebate, s. A cicatrice ; a name 

giren to small inferior yams. 
Bateto, r.To expose throughout; 

to search every part^ as a wind, 

(the sea shore) to turn upside 

Bate, s. The muscovy duck. 
v/BatOi s, A noise ; a stroke, 
fiatu, s. The sound of the feet in 

walking ; the sound from any 

thing tailing. 
Batu, s, A scar ; a cicatrice. 
BatUi V. To dry ; to harden. 
Batu, a. Healed, sound, cica- 
Batua, v» To be at the back ; to 

hang behind. 
Batubatu, a. Cicatrized ; marked 

with many scars. 
Batutu, V. To beat ; to strike re- 
peatedly ; to patter ; to tread 

Batutu, s. A quick tread. 
Bava, s. The name of a shell fish. 
Be, a. Only or alone. 
Be, can. Or, nor. 
Bea, con. And, but, then. 
Beau, s» A wave of the sea. 
Beaua, a. Rough, boisterous, 

(tha sea.) 
Bee, a. Soft, spongy, (the bread 

Bee, S4 A conquered one. 
Beeatu, s. The name of a fish. 
Beei, -v t?. To beat; to thrash, 
Beeia, v in order to soften ; 
Beeheei, J to soften by beating. 


Beebeei, a. Soft ; not good, ap- 
plied to the Tbnga bread. 

Beehi, v. To cast or throw down ; 
to conquer, to consent unwil- 

Beebeehi, v. To pitch from one ; 
to bruise; to soften; to duck 
children in the water. 

Beiematagi, a. Bruised and soft- 
ened by the wind ( bread fruit.) 

Beemoana, s. The name of a fish. 

Bei, ad. Then, therefore. 

Beie, s. A place made with stones, 
in which to entrap fish. 

Beito, s. Kitchen ; cook house. 

Beua, 9. To prevent ; to dis- 

Bebe, s. The butterfly. 

Bebee, a. Unwilling. 

Bebeu, i?. To prevent ; to hinder. 

Bebelu, v. To fold again and 

Bebena, a. Unwilling ; grudging 
in disposition. 

Bebenu, a. Elastic, flexible, 

Bebenu, s. Elasticity. 

Behei,} ^^- ^^' *^^'- 

Behe, v. To say ; to speak. V 

Beheaibe, a. Without change ; 

without alteration. 
Beheage, r. To answer; to reply. 
Beheage, r. Usedwhenrequesting 

a sight of any thing present. 
Beheage, \ v. To wish ; to desire, 
Beheagea,/ as, would it were 

so ; O that. 
Beji, a. Fat. 

Beji, > s. The claws of 
Bejibeji, / beasts or birds. 
Bejikuku, s» The feet of the mast 

made to clip the vugakoto. 
Bejiloa, $. The name of a shell 

Beka, s. The vampyre bat, or 

flying fox. 
Beka, u. To ctLatvg^^ \!iv^ ^^cjvix 
of a pait 0? t\\e\vc\\\ oi ^Ow^-^^ 



Belce, s. A sop ; a mixture of 
several kinds of food. 

Beke, r. To sop. 

Bekebeka^ s, A small bird. 

Bekebeke, *. A preparation of 

Bekebekatama^ s, A prognosti- 

Beko, a. Sad, sullen. 

Beku, a. Blunt, dised^ed. 

Bela, s. Pus, matter discharged 
from an abscess, &c. 

IBelii, a. Purulent. 

Bcla, 17. To suppurate ; to dis- 

Bele, *. A favourite, a pet, a 

Bclebela, *. Mud, mire, dirt. 

Belebela, a. Muddy, miry. 

Belebelebeamele, s. A discarded 

Belebelegeji, a. Friable ; easily 
broken ; weak. 

Beletonoi, *• One discarded. 

Belu, s. A drinking cup made 
from a leaf. 

Belu, V To fold ; to crease. 

Belubelu, v. To foFd repeatedly. 

Belubelu, s. The dried husk from 
the young nut ; the name of a 

Beluki, V, To bend ; to turn over. 

Bena, v. To mend fishing nets ; 
to make the hair of the head 

Benebena, v. To dress the head 
with a preparation, for the pur- 
pose of cleaning it. 

Benu, s, A coverlet of gatu. 

Benu, a. Soft, tough, yielding. 

Benubenu, s. The refuse ; the 
skin of any thing boiled. 

Bete, a. Sad, mournful. 

Betcbete, a. Rough, uneven. 

Biebia, a. Mattery, purulent, 

Biala, v. To escape. 

BjIj v. To wash off; to dash 
water Into any thing. 


Biu, s. The name of a tree ; the 

leaf of the Biu^ used as an 

Biu, t?. To fetch, to bring. 
Biubiuaki, a. Zigzag. 
Biutau, r. To fetch people to 

fight in war. 
Bibi, 1. The name of a tree ; also, 

of a shell fish ; the turkey 
Bibi, a. Near, as warriors to a 

fort ; or the flow tide to land. 
Bibihele, s. A neck lace made 

from the fruit of the Bibi. 
Bibihi, a. Infectious, contagious, 
Bibihi, r. To cleave to ; to hold 

Bibiki, a. Contracted, fthrunk. 
Bibiki, v. To hold by, to adhere 

Bibiki, s. A young child ; one 

with stiff contracted joints. '%,. 
Bibiko, a. Weary, tired. 
Bibine, a. Clotted together;.; 

covetous. ^ 

Bibito, a. Full, applied to mov^ 

than one vessel. 
Biha, 9. A part of the ceremony' 

at a chief's wedding. 
Bihi, \ r. To fly as the spray 
Bihii}ihi,l of the sea. 
Bihia, r. To be infected through 

contagion ; to be influenced by 

Bihogo, 8. Stink, stench. 

Bikibiki,} «• ^"y 5 adhesive. 
Biki, 1 V, To stick to, to 
Bikibiki, / adhere, to hold by « 
Bikiaga, 9. The person or thin^ 

held by. 
Bikikulu, r. To cleave to. 
Bikitai, r. To cleave to, to adhere* 
Bikitauhala, v» To miss one'^ 

Biko, ^ «. Crooked, awryj 
Bikobiko,/ wandering. >f 

Biko, V s. Crookedness^ 
Bikobiko,/ equivocation, mis-* 




, V. To make crooked ; to 
-represent ; to falsify. 
la, a. Twisted. 
»ikoikumai^ v. To go from 
ce to place^ and fall again to 
original owner. 
r. Trash, used reproachingly. 
s, A lizard. 

V. To go leeward in sailing, 
li, s. The small cat fish. 
)lo, a. Saturated with oil. 
lahalo^ V. To suspect with- 

reason or cause, 
auhala, v. To be exposed 

I r. To wedge ; to fix 
)ine, / by wedging. 
, V. To keep a sitting ; to 
for a long time, 
ja, 1^ *. A rendezvous, 
^aaga,/ reservoir. 
;i, V. To persevere through 

s. The navel. 

a. Full. 

[utugutu, 'i a. Brimful ; full 
aahuohua, / to overflowing, 
r. Night. 
:?. To seize ; to catch. 

s. The name of a species of 
n ; the smell of fish. 

s. An answer ; a reply ; a 

i, r. To inform. 
, V. To beat soundly. 
»nu, \ V. To do any thing 
oitonu,/ frequently and 
ectly to one individual. 

'*., \ a. Dim, obscure. 

, *. A preparation of food. 
1. A post or pillar. 
)ou, s. Support, succour. 
)ou, t?. To support ; to 

)ou-taki, J. The name of a 
pe, belonging to the sail of a 

jou'tuuj Si The name of a 

rope, belonging to the tail of a 

Bouki, r. To use as a support or 

Bouki, s. Food reserved till 

another time. 
Boula, s, A night dance. 
Bouli, s. Darkness. 
Bouli, a. Dark. / 

Boulia, V. To be benighted. 
Boulietoga, a. Dark, gloomy, 

sullen, angry. 
Boulilolo, a. Thick impenetrable 

Bobao, s. The smallest kind of 

paddling canoe. 
Bobo, V. iiotten, unsound. 
Bobo, s. Rottenness. 
Boboaki, s. An embassy ; a 

Boboaki, v. To send a message. 
Boboani, v. To eat a small portion 

of fish or animal food with 

Boboi, r. To be suspicious ; to 

be fearful. 
Bobooi, s, A preparation of food. 
Bobobobo, a. Rotten. 
Bobogi, a. Dizzy. 
Bobogofua, a. Easily rotted ; 

Boboka, a. Fat. 
Boboki, t?. To pat gently with 

the hand. 
Boboko, a. Having the eyes 

covered with fat. 
Bobole, V. To aim at more than 

can be done ; to act clumsily. 
Bobotea, a. Rotten and mouldy. 
Boboto, s. To be reconeiled after 

a quarrel. 
Bobotu, 5. The name of a shell 

Bobula, s, A slave, a prisoner ; 

Bobula, a. Enslaved, imprisoned . 
Boga, 5. The name of tree. 



BogatOy a. Having the hair 
longest on the back part of the 

Bogiy V, To squinti to blink. 

Bogia, V. To faint. 

Bogia^ 8* Fainting. 

Bogibogi^ s. Morning, forenoon. 

Bohee^ s. The name of a fish. 

Boheke, r. To slide oyer as a 
bad razor on the beard. 

Boho, s. The covered part of a 

Boho-mua, s. The fore part of 
the Tafaaga. 

Boho-niui, s. The hind part of 
the Tafaaga. 

Bohu, s. The name of a shell fish ; 
a hollow sound, as the striking 
of any thing soft. 

Bohu, V. To strike any thing soft; 
to soften by striking. 

Boji, r. To hiss in anger. 

Boka, r. To castrate ; to emas- 

Boka, a. A term used to the mus- 
quito when full of blood. 

Boko, s. An opening ; an aper- 

Bokofu, 1. The name of a fish, 

I, > s. The itch. 
Bokubaku, s. A scab. 
Bokumei, s. The name of a fish. 
Bola, s. The nut leaf platted for 

thatch, and other purposes. 
Bolai, r. To incase fish in the 

platted nut leaf for roasting ; 

to lance ; to open a wound. 
BoIa»kuma, s, A pit and trap for 

taking rats. 
Bolata, s. The stem of the banana 

Bolatulikaa, s, A screen made 

from the nut leaves. 
Bolavaka, s. A certain kind of 

bola for covering canoes. 

^^/ebolej ''' 3^0 boast, to brag. 



Bole, \ /. A boaster ; t h i 

Bolebole) name of the sma^Kj 

steering oar. 
Bole, \ a. Addicted to boasts- 
Bolebole,/ ing. 
Bolo, 8, The name of a shrub. 
Boloi, r. To mark, to chalk ; ti 

betroth, to be betrothed. 
Bolouto, a. Ripe. 
Bolobola, 8. A large basket mad^ 

of the nut leaf. 
Bolobolo. 8. The name of a shrub ^ 

the first fruits ; the rail on th^ 

top of the canoe house. 
Bolubolu, 8, ThenameofashtH 

Bomee, 8. A night dance. 
Bone, 8, The name of a fish. 
Bonoi, V. To do what is mos^ 

Bonobonoi, a. Foul ; right a — 

head, applied to the wind. 
Bonu, *. A worm.- 
Bonua, a. Afiected with worins ^ 
Bonutaliga, 8. The name of a fish <-^ 
Bota, 8. A preparation of food ^ 

a signal. 
Bota, a. Alike, equal. 
Bota, V. To signalize. 
Botaga, 8» Small cultivatecK^ 

patches ; a patch. 
Botea, 8. A preparation of nutP 

oil. J 

Boto, 8, Wisdom, knowledgefjf^ 

skill, discretion ; the name of^ 

a shell fish. 
Boto, a. Wise, knowing, discern- 
Botoaga, s. The source of wisdom. 
Botoaniuuiui, s, A pedant ; a 

tyro ; one whose knowledge is 

soon spent* 
Botoboto, a. Globular, round. 
Botobotoi, a. Clever. 
Botu, 8. A place, a room, a space; . 

a passage or verse in writing. ^ 
Botubatu, 8. The name of a shell 

Botubotu, $, A. \>t9LXvd ^\it out. 



tukehekche, a. Unequal 

like in mcRsurement. 

tutatau, a. Equal ; of the 

height, length, &c. 

nua, s. A district. 

)u, s, A rough sea. 

li, s. An eating room. 

o, s. A secret place; a 


ohe, s» A bed room ; 


s. A war weapon. 

The name or a tree ; a 

, Rotten, putrid, stinking, 

r. To be acescent ; to 
sh animosity. 

s. A pig. 

tau. 8, A boar pig. 
p. To void from the mouth ; 
nit out. 
kanave, s. The name of a 

To win ; to be first. 
?. The name ofa shell fish. 
If V. See BuaM, 
Magisterial, dictatorial, 

s. A screen, a curtain. 
V. To screen, to curtain. 
One kind of bread fruit. 
, s. The name of a tree. 
, V. To work quickly; 
ed to the kabe when too 
:o eat. 

ga, s. Anger, wroth, 
itahi, s. The salt water 
upon the body. 
ff. An empty vessel ; a nut 
mt milk or kernel, 
t?. To wash or rinse out 
louth, to gargle. 
V. To ooze out, as steam 
an oven ; to blow gently 
anv quarter after a calm, 
r. A long continued sound, 
blowing the Jtalea, or 
oct ghell. 

Bubu, 8. A crowd of persons ; 

Bubua, 8. A whirl pool. 
Bubububu, a. Closely set; crowded 
Bubuga, V. To be taken up ; to 

be deeply engaged. 
Bubuha, f. To be oppressed 

with heat ; to brawl. 
Bubuhi, r. To spout or blow, as 

the whale ; to blow any thing 

from the mouth. 
Bubuke, 8. The ague ; shivering 

Bubuke, r. To be affected with 

the ague, or any intermittent 

disease ; to act on the impulse 

of the moment. 
Bubuku, a. Short. 
Bubula, V. To swell ; to bloat, v^ 
Bubula, 8. A swelling ; a pro- 
Bubulu, o. Slimy, adhesive. 
Bubulubi, a. Slighty afflicted, 

applied to the Tuitoga. 
Bubuni, v. To shut, to close. 
Bubunu, t?. To shut or close up 

any passage. 
Bubuta, a. Fat, stout, plump. 
Bubutamaki, 8. A rock in the 

water full of holes below. 
Bubuto, V. To be bulged out. 
Bubutuu, V. To be confused or 

Bubutuu, 8. Confusion, pertur- 
Buga, 8. The name of a stone. 
Buga, a. Diseased, applied to 

Bugobuga, *. The name ofa very 

large fish. 
Bugobuga, V. To be pre^^^ed 

down ; slightly deformed, from 

excessive labour. 
Bulla, *. Any kind of a box or 

chest ; heat. 
Buha, V. To brawl ; to quarrel. 
Buhaga, s. Food or other present 

taken to md\\\dLVxt\^» tixs.^ vvsv'^^ 

or at work. 



Fafagu, s. A bell; any thing struck 
to collect the people. 

Fafamnmaha, v. lo paddle or 
sail over reefs, with little depth 
of water. 

Fafano, a. Tough, pliant, flexible. 

Fafanoga, s. The name of a small 
bowl, idolatrously used by per- 
sons about the Tuitoga, and 
his tribe. 

Fafatu, V. To frounce the hair in 
a certain way ; to fold ; to lay. 

Fafine, s. Women. 

Faga, s. That portion of the sea 
shore which is in a line with 
one's dwelling; the upper part 
of the sides of the head ; the 
mouth or opening of a basket 

Faga, ad. Sign of the plural, used 
generally of irrational crea- 

Fagaikai, s. The time for eating; 
meal times. 

Fagailube, s. The morning from 
about nine to eleven o'clock. 

Fagaotaha, s. The principal land- 
ing place on shore. 

Fagaheji, v. To fatten, to pamper. 

Fagafaai, v. To stuff with food; 
to cram. 

Fagafao, v. To pet ; to rear by 
' hand. 

Fagafaga, v. To be near; to be 
on the point of doing. 

Fagafaga, s, Tho head shaved at 
tiie top, leaving the hair on 
both sides. 

Fagnga, s. A litter ; the young 
of animals and birds. 

Faorafagatatau, a. Equal, in a 
line with, strait. 

Fagaiiaki, v. To feed with. 

Fagi^tua, s. Wrestling. 

Fagatua, v. To wrestle. 

Fagatuki, r. To well. feed; to 
press to eat. 

Fagoiro, r. To pour from one 
vessel into another. 


Fagota, V. To gather ehell fitls^ 
Fagu, s. The calabash; tk^ 

scented oil. 
FagufagUi V. To calli in order to 

awake ; to snort ; to blow 

through the nose. 
Fagufagu, s, A flute. 
Faha, r. To drive fish into a net 

Faha, s. A mad man, fool, erv* 

ziness ; the name of one kind 

of yam. 
Fahafaha, v. To go shouting at 

one foolish. 
Fahi, V. To cleave, to split, to 

Fahifahi, v. To cleave or split 

up to pieces. 
Fahu, s. One that is above law. 
Faji, V. To break ; to dislocate. 
Fajia, s, A turning in the road ; 

a bay or bite on the shore. 
Fajia, s. Cunning, artifice, crafl, 

Fajiai, v. To deceive, to cheat. 
Fajiabule, v. To cheat, to outdo. 
Fajiahala, s. The point or turn 

in the road. 
Faiialea, ^ a. Modifications, 
Fajifiijialea,/ shades of mean- 
ing, &c. 
Fajitua, s. The loins. 
Fajii, a. Narrow, contracted. 
Faji faji, «, Broken up," 

«U| uu, > ^^ To belie, 
rajituua,) ^ 

Faka, Used very frequently in 
forming compound words, be- 
ing prefixed cheifly to nouns, 
adjectives, and verbs, signifying 
after the manner of; also, to 
cause. See the following 

Fakaa, v. To awake; to open the 
eyes of the blind ; to remind. 

Fakaaau,par/. Becoming, hasten- 
ing towards, approximating. 

Fakaaau, n. To rehearse, to ex- 


Buloa, s. A mask, 

Buloa, 17. To mask. 

Bulou, 9. A veil ; a cover to 

conceal the face. 
BoloUy V. To veil, or cover the 

Bulobula, 9. Seed ; the seed cut- 
tings of yams. 
Bulobulai-vae, s. The bottom of 

the toes ; ankle joints. 
Bulobulai-vaei v. To stand on the 

toes ; tip toe. 
Bulobulou, r. To cover over. 
Buloga, 17. To cover; to cover 

as with a hood. 
Bulotu, 8, The supposed resi« 

dence of the gods ; the unseen 

Bulu, s. A kind of gum, used as 

pitch, in caulking canoeSi; shot; 

the husk of the cocoa nut. 
Bulua, s. Food cooked immediate- 
ly upon the death of a person. 
Bului, V. To tie together ; to tie 

in a heap, as a lot of cocoa 

Bulubulu, s. A shawl, a cloak; 

the gummy substance from the 

Bulubulu, r. To cloak; to cover 

the back and shoulders. 
Bulubuluaki, v. To take off under 

Buluhi, 8. Sickness, a term used 

only to the Tuitoga, and the 

Tamaha. * 
Buluji, s* Bird lime ; paste ; 

Buluji, V. To ensnare ; to stick; 

to print ; to paste ; to plaister. 
Buna, 17. To fly ; to rebound as 

an elastic body ; to leap. 
Buna, M. A leap, a bound. 

Bunabunaaki, #. The fljrin^ of 

birds not full-fledged. 
Buni, a. Closed ; met together ; 

Bunibuni, r. To close ; to shut. 
Bunou, t7. To bow down ; to bend 

or stoop. 
Bunobuna, r. To go leaping 

Bunobunou, ^ *. Atermap- 
Bunobunoutonu,/ plied to a 

canoe that sails right before 

the wind; used also to the wind 

when right aft, which is very 

difficult in Tonga canoes. 
Bunubunu, v. See Bunibuni. 
Bunuga, 8. A nest. 
Bunuga, v. To nest. 
Bunuga-moui, a. Careful of her 

young, as a hen« 
Bunujia, v. To be obstructed ; 

to be forced back, as a canoe 

by a foul wind. 
Bunutaki, v. To stop up ; to 

close ; to fill. 
Buta, 8, A wager. ^ 

Buti, V, To bet a wager. 
Buta, a. Bloated, (the cheeks.) 
Butaliga, 8, One kind of banana. 
Butiloto, 8. A mind inflated 

with rage. 
Butobuta, a. Fat ; plump ; full 

of flesh. 
Butu, 8. A funeral. 
Butu, ^ a. Close, near 
Butubutu,/ together. 
Butuga, t7. To be engaged or 

engrossed with in conversation. 
Butuga, 8. An assembly; a con- 
tused crowd. 
Butuki, V, To put or place near 

together ; to speak rapidly. 


F' THE seventh Letter in 
f the Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of J* in Father, 

Fa, part. Butul, «^\\\.* 
Fa, a. Fout \ Vvoax^^* 



Fakaafo, r. To put on a line to 
a hook. 

Fakaafuy \ v. To prepare the 

Fakaafua,/ oven, by heating 
.the stones for cooking food. 

Fakaaiuafu, v. To seek and in- 
quire after the descendants of 
any one. 

Fakaafuluga, v. To suffer to 
grow mouldy. 

Fakaaga, ^ v. To criticisei to 

Fakaagai,/ remark upon the 
work of another. 

Fakaaga, s. A critick, an in- 

Fakaagaaga, v. To work care- 
fully ; to work to pattern ; to 

Fakaagaagaki, ) a. Becoming 

Fakangaagdtuu, / disobedient. 

Fakaagaagakehe, v. To act dif- 
ferently to others; to act in 
opposition to the views of 

Fakaagaitefitoniu, t?. To give di- 
rections to others, but unable 
to do the work. 

Fakaagaihukumamao, t?. To re- 
mark upon any thing at a dis- 
tance, and without experience. 

Fakaagabauu, v. To make naughty 
or mischievous. 

Fakaagahala, v. To cause to sin ; 
to involve others in sin. 

Fakaagaki, t?. To air or dry by 
the fire. 

Fakaagalelei, v. To make or 
cause a good disposition. 

Fakaagamaa, «?. To make clean 
or good (the disposition.) 

Fakaagamakaka, v. To speak and 
act harshly ; to beget or cause 
a like disposition. 

Fakaagamolu, v. To soften the 

Fakaagavaivai,. v. To meeken ; 
to make meek or humble. 

Fakaagavaivai, ad. Meekly, hum- 
^ 40 

Fakaagavale, r. One clever at 
remarking upon other's work, 
but foolish himself. 

Fakaagavale. a. Left handed, 

Fakaagenge, a. Great. 

Fakaagi, a. Small, out of pro- 
portion, applied to the sail of 
a canoe. 

Fakaagi, ^ r. To consult, to 

Fakaagiagi,! meditate; to hang 

or place any thing in the wind 

to dry ; to give directions; to 

keep the sail full. ^ 

Fakaahi, v. To walk as a person 
very weak. 

Fakaahi, a. Weakly, poorly. 

Fakaaho, s. A mode of fishing. 

Fakaaho, t?. To do every other 
day ; to do on certain days. 

Fakaahu, v. To besmoke, to 
smoke dry, to blote, to suffo- 

Fakaahuahu, v. To cause a great 
smoke, as a signal. 

Fakaahuahu, s. Dark dense 
clouds in the horizon. 

Fakaahukoua, s. Perseverance 
amidst difHculties. 

Fakaaji, \ v. To look or stare 

Fakaajiaji,) into any thing ; to 
bore, to pierce, to introduce, to 
open, to disclose. 

Fakaajili, i?. To cause to increase; 
to make to abound. 

Fakaajinijini, v. To brighten, to 
make bright or shining. 

Fakaaka, v. To cause to take 

Fakaake, s, A reviver, a saviour. 

Fakaake, \ i?. To re-animate, 

Fakaakeake,) to quicken, to 
revive, to invigorate. 

Fakaakeakeloto, v. To beget and 
infix in the mind. 

Fakaakiakimui, a. Modest, un- 

Fakaakutaki, v. To increase, to 



Faigofua, a. Easy to perform. 
Faijijili^ «. A thunderbolt. 
Faikakai, s. A preparation of 

FaikakanOy a. Larger; capable 

of containing more. 
Faikiliy s. A fish. 
Fai-la^ t?. To set the sail of a 

Fai-maeaj v. To make ropes. 
Faimanu^ 8. A fish. 
Faimanavay s. The stomach; the 

receptacle of food. 
FaimHnaya, r. To eat to strength- 
en the manava. 
Fai-mua^ e. To do first ; to be a 

head ; to do it at once. 
Fai-mui^ v. To be last ; to do last. 
Faitaki, r. To try ; to try it on. 
Faitalaigatai^ s. The name of a 

Faite, *. The sitting posture of 

Tonga females. 
Faiteliha^ r. To do as one thinks 

right ; to will ; to choose. 
Faiteliha, s. Pleasure, will, dis- 
cretion, choice. 
Faitoo, *. A surgeon, a doctor. 
Faitoo, V. To dispense medicines. 
Faitoka, s. A burying ground ; 

any very rough part in the 

Faitoka, v. To do easily ; to do 

Faiva, s. Calling, occupation ; 

any thing at which a man is 

Faivelega, s. Zeal. 
Faivelega, a. Zealous. 
Fao, a. Naked and fruitless, 

appUed to the nut tree. 
FaOj s. Spikes, nails. 
Fao, \ V. To stretch ; to pull ; 
Faofao,/ to put into; to store 

up ; to hide in the mind. 
Faoaki, v. To put into a store ; 

to house. 
Faoo, f?. To be engrossed by; 

to he Sxed in the mind. 


Faofao, s. The name of a sh«ll 

Faolaki, \ v. To house ; to 

Faolekina,/ store. 

Faololo, V. To press or squeeze 

Fau, s. The name of a tree; a tur- 
ban; the strainer for the kava. 

Fau, V. To fasten up the hair ; 
to build or repair canoes or 
boxes ; to pull; to lead ; to 
teach to work. 

Fau, -I ad. Very ; sign of the 

Faufau,/ superlative degree. 

Faufau, v. To fasten on the out- 
riggers of small canocfs. 

Faufau, a. Qualmish, sickly. 

Faufaufua, v. To have in sure 

Faufaumao, v. To pull one about 

m anger. 

Faufua, v. To embrace ; to in- 
close in the arms. 
Fauhia, «?. To have possession 

of ; to seize and keep firm hold 

Faulalo, s, A string of bark used 

in m-dking gat u, 
Faulouluu, V. To roll the eyes as 

one astonished. 
Fautaha, a. Unanimous. 
Fabuku, s. The name of a fish. 
Fafa, 17. To carry on the back. 
Fafa, a. Hoarse, bass. 
Fafa, V. To grope ; to feel the 

Fafa, s. Name of a tree. 
Fafai, v. To shave the head. 
Fafao, V. To stretch ; to extend 

out the arms ; to charge as a 

gun ; to fill up. 
Fa fau, a. Tougli ; elastic. 
Fafau, a. Agreed, settled. 
Fafaji, v. To break as waves in 

Fafaga, \ v. To feed ; to supply 
Fafagai,) witii food ; to diet. 
Fafagu, V. To ajwdka \ \*<;i xvi>^^^ 

out o£ sVee^. 

Fakaeueu, i leaa sideways ; to 

nluce endwise. 
Faltaehu, v. To stir up ; to ngitate 

a liquid; to hoe aniall weedsi 
Fakaefi, \ r. To press, to 
Fak^eiiefi, I squeeze, to throng, 

to push into, 
Fakaefiiifi, a. Belonging to the 

Fakaefilii, v. See Falraefi. 
Fakaefihia, v. To press, to squeeze 

Faknefu, V. To raise a dust. 
Fakaehiehi, v. To avoid contact 

witli what is near. 
Fakaeho, r. To corrupt ; to 

Cause to stink. 
Fakaejia, f. To haft or handle 

any tool. 
Fakaeke, v. To inquire; to in* 

stitute inquiry. 
Fukaeleela V. To lie on the back 

as one an the water. 
Fakaelelo, a. 'Tongued, set in. 
Fukaelelouu, ». To stammer; to 

speak as one who bites his 

Fakaelo, v. See Fakaeho. 
Fakaeloelo s. A part of a hen's 

eggs leJi unhtttcned. 
Fakaeneene, ». To work cau- 
tiously and carefully. 
Fakaete, v. To hearken secretly. 
Fakaete, ■ v. To walk softly, 
Fakaeteete,) without noisf. 
Fakaeve, v. To collect together ; 

to gather up. 
Fakaeveeva, ». To cause to walk ; 

to lead astniy, 
Fakaeveeve, s. Flat cakes. 
Fakai, t ». To dishearten, to 
Fakaii,) discoura<;e ; to sail 

near a reef, or close on the 

Fakaioho, c. To set or cause one 

to shout. 
I' haifoifo, v. To taste ; to try 
' by the mouth, 


I Fakaigoigo, v. To variegate, to 

Fakaigoigoi, a. Variegated, di- 
versified, of many patteros and 

Fakaihii, v. To make a nose or 

projecting part, on the end of 

a canoe. 
Fakaijiijiaki, o. To be careful; 

to attend to the body. 
Fakaikai, v. To cause not to be. 
Fakaika, ■) v. To be recovering 
Fakaikeika, f from affliction; to 

Fakaikeikagatan, a. Difficult to 

supply, applied to a net which 

catches few fish. 
Fakaikeikiilahi, V. To proceed 

deliberately, and with nn air , 

of se f Importance. ■ 

Fakaikiiki, v. To cut into tmsll \ 

Fakaiku, v. To make an end j 

to point a rope. 
Fakaikukovi, V. To make a bad 

Fakaikulelei, v. Tomakeagood 

Fakaikulua, t. A large fisb. 
Fakjiileila v. To stay, to support; 

to prevent evil. 
Fakaili, s. Seed; anythingfrom 

which its like is expected, 
Fakalligaiaa, a. Difficult to keep 

Fakailigofua, a. Easy to rear. 
Fakailifia, v. To dismay, to 

Fakailo, o. To discover, to reveal, 

to promise. 
Fakailoilo, v. To distinguish, to 

know, to call to mind. 
Fakailo^a, *. A sign, a mark, a 

Fakailoga, i r. To betoken, to 
Fakailoiloga, f signify, to mark, 
Fakailuloi, #. A lying witness. 
Fakainu, \ v. To give drink ; 
Fakstnumi,/ to cause to drink. 



Faktaaukimua, v. To advance, 

to make proficiency. 
Fakaaaukimui^ v. To go back- 
wards, to retrograde. 
Fakaaano, v. To picture to the 

mind the doings of absent 

Fakaaabiy 9. To wedge, to fasten 

Fak^aafu, v. To heat, to make 
' iiot, as sultry weather. 
Fakaaala, a. Any thing which 

looks best at a distance, or that 

IB not wiiat at first sight it 

appeared to be. 
Fakaaalo, v. To do work gra- 
dually and in order. 
Fakaaalu, s. Any thing given to 

a fisherman to engage him to 

catch fish for you. 
Fakaaamio, 9. To speak per- 
versely ; to misrepresent. 
Fakaaata, v. To ripen ; to shew 

signs of suppuration. 
Fakaiieva, v. To allow to walk 

about ; to let loose. 
Fakaaiai, v. To abet ; to prompt, 

to incite. 
Fakaaitoa, p. To express pleasure 

at the misfortunes of another. 
Fakaaoao, s. An oppressor, 

oppression, rebellion. 
Fakaaoao, v. To oppress, to 

Fakaaoga, v. To make useful or 

Fakaau, ^ v. To destroy gradu- 
Fakaaua,i ally, or at different 

Fakaauau, v. To inflict voluntary 

pain, as fasting, &c. on the 

death of a friend ; to reach to. 
Fakaauaujino, v. To fall away, 

as one consumptive. 
Fakaauaujino, s. Consumption. 
Fakaauaukolo, r. To rattle ; to 

Fakaaufulia, v. To destroy whole- 



Fakaaugaffl, #. A mutual agree- 
ment on oath. 

Fakaauha, s. Desolation, ex- 

Fakaauha, r. To exterminate, to 

Fakaauhamalie, r. To make a 
full end ; to complete any work. 

Fakaauhatamaki, r. To persevere 
through difficulties. 

Fakaauhe, r. To stroll; to walk 
at leisure; to cause to wander. 

Fakaanhi, r. To famish, to starve. 

Fakaauhi, «. Starvation.. 

Fakaaujia, v. To cause, to arrive. 

Fakaaunoa, r. To cause to wan- 
der ; to send a drift. 

Fakaaunofo, v. To treat str.ingers 

I Fakaaba, v. To cause fear ; to 
beget reverence. 

Fakaabaaba, «. Reverence, ho- 
nour, respect. 

Fakaabaaba, 'i r. To reverence, 

Fakaabaabaia, > to respect, to 
honour, to be honoured. 

Fakaabaaba, v. To move ; to 
make way; to stand aside. 

Fakaababagofua, v. To make 
easy ; to free from restriction 
or prohibition. 

Fakaabe, v. To speak doubtfully. 

Fakaabe, s. Conjecture, guess. 

Fakaabi, \ v. To sojourn in 

Fakaabiaga,/ the adiot'a friend. 

Fakaabiabi, v. To crowd, to 

Fakaafa, 9. To raise or cause a 

Fakaafe, v. To turn aside; to 
cause to wander ; to turn aside 
a traveller, in order to refresh. 

Fakaafeitui, a. Serpentine, crook- 

Fakaafekafu, t>. To cover one in 
sleep with his dress. 

Fakaafi, v» To awake one asleep. 

Fakafio, t). To -pW^ ox ^wX^^^x^^ 
persons ox \\x\w^%« 



Fakaafo^ r. To put on a line to 
a hook. 

Fakaafuy \ v» To prepare the 

Fakaafua,/ oven, by heating 
.the stones for cooking food. 

Fakaaiuafu, v. To seek and in- 
quire after the descendants of 
any one. 

Fakaafuluga, v. To suffer to 
grow mouldy. 

Fakaaga, \ v. To criticise, to 

Fakaiigai,) remark upon the 
work of another. 

Fakaaga, s. A critick, an in- 

Fakaagaaga, t?. To work care- 
fully ; to work to pattern ; to 

Fakaagaagaki, ) a. Becoming 

Fakangaagdtuu, / disobedient. 

Fakaagaagakehe, «?. To act dif- 
ferently to others; to act in 
opposition to the views of 

Fakaagaitefitoniu, v. To give di- 
rections to others, but unable 
to do the work. 

Fakaagaihukumamao, v. To re- 
mark upon any thing at a dis- 
tance, and without experience. 

Fakaagabauu, v. To make naughty 
or mischievous. 

Fakaagahala, v. To cause to sin ; 
to involve others in sin. 

Fakaagaki, v» To air or dry by 
the fire. 

Fakaagalelei, v. To make or 
cause a good disposition. 

Fakaagamaa, v. To make clean 
or good (the disposition.) 

Fakaagamakaka, v. To speak and 
act harshly ; to beget or cause 
a like disposition. 

Fakaagamolu, v. To soften the 

Fakaagavaivai,- v. To meeken ; 
to make meek or humble. 

FakBagavaiYsd, ad. Meekly, hum- 


Fakaagavale, r. One clever 

remarking upon other's wc 

but foolish himself. 
Fakaagavale. a. Left hand 

Fakaageage, a. Great. 
Fakaagi, a. Small, out of f 

portion, applied to the sal 

a canoe. 
Fakaagi, ^ r. To consult, 
Fakaagiagi,) meditate; toh 

or place any thing in the w 

to dry ; to give directions; 

keep the sail full. 
Fakaahi, v. To walk as a per 

very weak. 
Fakaahi, a. Weakly, poo 
Fakaaho, s, Amodeoffishin 
Fakaaho, i?. To do every ot 

day ; to do on certain days 
Fakaahu, v. To besmoke, 

smoke dry, to blote, to su 

Fakaahuahu, «?. To cause a gi 

smoke, as a signal. 
Fakaahuahu, s. Dark de 

clouds in the horizon. 
Fakaahukoua, s. Persevera 

amidst difficulties. 
Fakaaji, \ v. To look or st 
Fakaajiaji,) into any thing ; 

bore, to pierce, to introduce 

open, to disclose. 
Fakaajili, v. To cause to increa 

to make to abound. 
Fakaajinijini, v. To brighten 

make bright or shining. 
Fakaaka, v* To cause to t 

Fakaake, s, A reviver, a savic 
Fakaake, \ «?. To re-animi 
Fakaakeake,/ to quicken, 

revive, to invigorate. 
Fakaakeakeloto, «?. To beget i 

infix in the mind. 
Fakaakiakimui, a. Modest, 

Fakaakuiaki, v. To iDcrease^ 



Fakaals, r. To endeavour to 
please; to fall in with the views 
and dispositioni of others ; to 

Fakaalaala, v. To be careful, to 
be gentle. 

Fakaalaala, a. Careful, cautious. 

Fakaalafia, v. Husband-like, wife* 

Fakaalaga, v. To disjoint, to 
.cut into JQtnts. 

Fakaaleale, a. Unproportionably 

Fakaali, \ v. To offer, to bid, 

Fakaalia,/ as in trading. 

Fakaaltali, v. To exhibit, to show 

Fakaaliali, t. Exhibition, show, 
letting forth. 

Fakaaligalelei, v. To seek re< 
conciliation ; to make up a dif- 
ference ; to bring or take one 
thing in substitution for 

Fakaato, v. To grind edge tools. 

Fakaalo, s. A rubbing stone. 

Fakaaloalo, ad. Quietly, gently, 

Fikaaloalo, v. To follow afWr ; 
to do by and by. I 

Fakaalogaua, a. Uncertain, 
" lakaalogaua, i. Uncertainty, pre- 

Fakaaluma, s. A jester, a joker. 

Fakaaluma, ti. To jest, to joke. 

Faliaamio, v. To draw crooked. 

Fakaamio, a. Perverse, dis- 
torted, applied to language. 

Fakaamoamo, v. To project; to 
push out or fornard. 

Fakaamu, v. To wish, to desire. 

Fakaamu, t. A wish, longing 

Pakaanaj \ f. To make rooms 

Fakaanaana,f or berths; to 
partition off. 

Faka&nau, v. To speak of the 
doinga of absent iriendt. 


Fakaanu, r. To float, to cauae 

to float ; to be in the water. 
Fakaanufea, r. To chill; to make 

very cold. 
Fakaata, g. A spy glaas. * 

Fakaata, r. To take aim; to look 

through a glass. 
Fakata, \ v. To make room ; 
Fakataata,/ to disencumber ; 

to give place. 
Fdkaiitaatd, r To look intently ; 

to be careful. 
Fakaataataina, a. Exposed, un- 

protected, freed. 
Fakaataga, r. To speak of a 

person now poor and weak as 

when he had plenty and was 

Faka.ataloj, v. To give a wide 

berth ; to make room. 
Fakaatamai, r. To attend to; to . 

give the mind to. 
Fakaatanoa, a. To make room to 

no purpose. 
Fakaatii, r. To line ; to cover 

the inside. 
Fakaatu, \ t).Tocease(otroubIe, 
Fakaatui,/ to refrain for a time. 
Fakaatuatu, v. To express hur- 

priae, in reference to Bomethinir 

Fakaatue, v. To try to discompose 

a fisherman when he has a bite. 
Fakaava, i r. To open ; to 
Fakaavaava,/ perforate ; to 

make full of holes. 
Fakaavaga, r. To earnestly desire, 

to be engrossed with. 
Fakaavaki, v. To make useful. 
Fakaea, v. To raise or draw up 

to the surface of tlie water. 
Fakaeabi, v. To treat a superior 

as one of the abi. 
Fakaeabi, a. Belonging to the abi. 
Fakaeeiki, a. Chief-lflce. 
Fakaetki, a. Pert, saucy. 
Fakaconoaho, a. Old fashioned ; 

antique; \)eVo'n^'R^ \» ^QUftNs^ 



. I e- 
Fakaeueu,f lean sideways; to 

place endwise. 
FaKaeSu, v. To stir up ; to ngit»te 

a liquid; to hoe amall weeds. 
Fakaefi, \ t). To press, to 
Fak»efiefl,l squeeze, to throng, 

to push into. 
Fakaefiafi, a. Belonging to the 

Fakaefilii, v. See Fdkaefi, 
Fukaelihia,f . To press, to squeeze 

Faknefu, V. To raise a dust. 
Fakaeliiehi, P. To avoid contact 

with what is near. 
Fakaeho, v. To corrupt ; to 

cause to stink. 
Fakac-ji^i, v. To haft or handle 

any tool. 
Fakaeke, v. To inquire; to in* 

stitute inquiry. 
Fakaeleeia, T, To lie on the back 

as one on the water. 
Fakaelelo, a. 'Tongued, set in. 
Fukaelelouu, v. To stammer; to 

speak as one who bites his 

Fakado, v. See Fakaeho. 
Fakaeloelo *. A part of a ben's 

eggs left unhatched. 
Fakaeneene, v. To work cau- 
tiously and carefully. 
Fakaete, r. To hearken secretly. 
Fakaete, • p. To walk softly, 
Fakaeteete,/ without nOist, 
Fakaeve, v. To collect together ; 

to gather up. 
Fakaeveeva, v. To cause to walk ; 

to lead astrny. 
Fakaeveeve, a. Flat cakes. 
Fakai, \ ». To dishearten, to 
Fakaii,/ discourage; to sail 

near a reef, or close on the 

Fakaioho, r. To set or cause one 

to shout, 
r.kaifoifo, V. To taste j to try 
^y the mouth. 


Fakaigoigo, t>. To variegate, to 

Fakaigoigoi, a. Variegated, di- 
versified, of many patterns and 

Fakaihu, r. To make a nose or 
projecting part, on the end of 
a canoe. 

Fakiiijiijiiiki, r. To be careful ; 
to attend to the body. 

Fakaikai, v. To cause not to be. 

Fakaika, i t>. To be recovering 

Fakaikeika,r from affliction; to 

Fakaikeiksgatafl, a. Difficult to 

supply, applied to a net which 

catches few fish. 
Fakaikeikalahi, r. To proceed 

deliberately, and with an air 

of self importance. 
Fakaikiiki, r. To cut into small 

Fakaiku, 9. To make an end ; 

to point a rope. 
Fakaikukovi, ff. To make a bad 

Faknikulelei, v. Tomakeaeood 

Fakaikulua, «. A large fish. 
Fjkaileilii tr. To stay, to support; 

to prevent evil. 
Fakaili, s. Heed; any thing from 

which its like is expected. 
Fakiiiligataa, a. DifHcult to keep 

Fakailigofua, a. Easy to rear. 
Fakailifia, 9, To dismay, t» 

Fakailo, v. To discover, to reveal, 

to promise. 
Fakailoilo, v. To distinguish, to 

know, to call to mind. 
Fakailoga, ». A sign, a mark, a 

Fakailoga, \ v. To betoken, to 
Fakailoiloga, f signify, to mark. 
Fakailuloi, t. A lying witness. 
Fakainu, \ v. To give drink ; 
Fakainumi,) to cairn Xa linnik. 



lakainuinu^ r. To go along 
weakly, as a poisoned fish near 
the surface of the water. 

Fakaisaisa, v. To hiss ; to be 

Fakaita, r. To provoke, to rouse, 
to offend, to disoblige. 

Fakaita, f. Provocation, insult. 

Fakaiteita, 8. Anger ; the being 

^aiteita, v. To stretch. 

F&aoioi, v. To take part fool- 
ishly with a child ; to pet. 

Fakaoo, v. To strain, to sieve, 
to filtrate ; to tread, as birds. 

Fakaoo, s. A strainer, perculator. 

Fakaoobo, t?. To throw a spear 
in a particular manner. 

Fakaooiioa, v. To appear care- 
less and inattentive to what is 

Fakaobe, v. To drive or pitch 
on the mark in gambling. 

Fakaoboobo, v. To fasten to ; to 
connect with. 

Fakaofa, v. To beget or cause 

Pakaofi, > V, To approach to 

Fakaofiofi, j" bring near ; to 
come near. 

Fakaofo, v. To surprise, to 
amaze, to cause to shout out. 

Fakaofoofo, t?. To surprise only 
to disappoint. 

Fakaofoofa, s. Beauty. 

Pakaofoofa, a. Lovely, beautiful. 

Fakaofu, v. To leave food in the 
oven for a long time. 

Fakaogo, ^ v. To hearken; to 

Fakaogoogo,/ wait commands. 

Fakaogoi, \ v. To notice, to 

Pakaogona,/ care about. 

Pakaogogataa,t?. To m^ike callous. 

Fakaogogofua, v. To make sus- 
ceptible ; to make tender. 

Pakaogojia, v. To trouble ; to 

Pakaogokovi, v. To cause an ill 
Teport; to dishonour, 


Fakaogolelci, r. To cause a good 
i report. 
Fakaogonoa, v. To feign ignorance 

of orders. 
Fakaogotuli, v. To feign deafness. 
Fakaogovalea, r. See Fakaogo- 

Fakaoho, v. To jut out; to push 

forward ; to lengthen ; to feed 

persons at work* 
Fakaoho, *. Food prepared for 

people at work. 
Fakaohooho, v. To abet ; to push 

on; to fill in part. See Ohooho. 
FakaohoQiohe, v. To sup, to 

feed before sleep. 
Fakaohovale, v. Ilo surprise, to 

affright; to cause to act fool- 

Fakaoji, v r. To finish ; to 

Fakaojioji,/ make a complete 

Fakaojiojiloto, v. To grieve and 
pain to a great degree the mind 
of another; to relate to a third 
party the painful conduct of 

Fakaojiga, s. The finishing point; 
the place of termination ; the 
finishing cause. 

Fakaojikia, r. To finish. 

Fakaola, v. To extinguish; to 
put out a light. 

Fakaola, ^ v. To reserve one's 

Fakaoloola,/ strength for ex- 
pected work. 

Fakaoleole, v. To seek to please ; 
to gain the affection ; to re- 

Fakaolo, 'i^ v. To insinuate ; to 

Fakaoloolo,) hint; to cheat. 

Fakaolo, \ s. Insinuation, 

Fakaoioolo,/ craftiness. 

Fakaoluga, r. To pillow ; to 
raise the head. 

Fakaomooma, v. To strut ; to 
walk fantastically. 

Fakaomoomo, v. To jut or ijro- 
ject foTwaTA.. 



Fakaoneone, v. To sand ; to 

cover with sand. 
FakaonoahOj s. See FaJcaeonoaho. 
Fakaotoota, «?. To litter ; to 

throw things ahout. 
Fakaotu^ t?. To range, to rank, 

to place in rows. 
Fakaotua, a. Godlike, godly. 

F^kaotuotumutu, v. To have 
partly done * several rows, but 
none complete, as in planting. 

Fakau, v. To seek help in war. 

Fakau, s. A shield. 

Fakau, t?. To shield, to screen. 

Fakaua, v. To repeat; to roll 
as a vessel at sea. 

Fakauaga, s. A shield, a de- 

Fakaui, r. To call, to shout. 

Fakauo, v. To meet together. 

Fakauoua, v. To desire equality 
in rank or wealth. 

Fakauouagakehekehe, r. To be 
of different opinions ; to act in 
opposition to each other. 

Fakauouagataha, t?. To act una- 
nimously ; to be of one mind. 

Fakauu, s. Forceps, pincers, 

Fakauu, v. To pinch or bite 
ii*om both sides ; to take hold 
of, as with tongs. 

Fakauua, v. To be pressed or 
squeezed ; to be held as in the 
mouth ; to pour scented oil on 
the body. 

Fakauuuu, v. To set a dog to 
bite ; to do to exasperate ; to 
depend on. 

Fakauuivalevale, a. Badly dis- 
posed, unkind. 

Fakauulu, v. To rumble ; to 
make a rumbling noise. 

Fakauulu \ v. To bluster; 

Fakauulutuu,/ to make noiie 
and confusion, but do no work. 

Fakauga, r. To take shelter. 
JFakaugaaga, s. Any thing used 

«# a shelter or defence. 


Fakaugouga, v. To notch ; to 

cut and chop. 
Fakaugouga, r. To secret ; to 
hide any thing ; to screen from 
Fakaugi, i f?. To screen, to 
Fakaugia, / shelter. 
Fakauha, ^ v. To expose to 
Fakauhauha,/ the rain. 
Fakauhi, v* To finish off a canoe. 
Fakauhiga, v. To define ; to 

make known the meaning. 
Fakauhigakehe, t?. To misrepre- 
sent; to misconstrue. 
Fakauhu, v. To strike, so as to 
cause inward pains ; to excite 
the stomach, as the motion of 
a vessel. 
Fakauka, v. To knead; to soften 

with the hands. 

Fakaukei, > s. The boast or 

Fakauketau,/ challenge of a 

weak party, to fight with a 

strong one. 

Fakauku, v. To plunge ; to put 

under water* 
Fakaukuloa, t\ To extend, to 
lengthen out, to be a long 
Fakaukunaki, r. To persevere; 

to act contrarily. 
Fakaula, a. Clever, dexterous. 
Fakauli, v. To steer a vessel ; to 
make dirty, to pollute, to soil. 
Fakaulia, v. To terrify, to dis- 
Fakauliuli, r. To blacken, to 

make black. 
Fakaidiuli, s. Dark clouds ; a 

threatening sky. 
Fakauliulilatai, a. Indistinct in 
appearance; shrowdedin dark- 
Fakaulilologo, a. Silent, not 
talkative ; to go to and fro 
without speaking. 
Fakaulo, v. To cause to blaze. 
Fakauloula, a. Jocose, free. 
Fakaulu, «. k -^w cm^\.qtql of 


t; carrying the slain, and placing 
them in order before the house 
t) of their idol ; the short lengths 
at the end of a rope, to make 
it thicker in that part. 
Fakauluy v. To reserve the tops 
or heads of yams for setting ; 
to make the head or upper part 
of a rope; to shout. 
Fakaului, v. To proselyte. 
Fakauluulu, v. To acknowledge 
one as head ; to collect to the 
person so acknowledged. 
Fakaulububu, t^. To put heads 

together, as in conversation. 
Fakaulufatu, a. Perverse. 
Fakaulugamanu, v. To fail, from 

being too many in company. 
Fakaunuunu, v. To cause to 

draw near. 
Pakaulutuu, v. To be all con- 
fusion and uproar. 
Pakausousa, v. To strut ; to ad- 
vance as a warrior. 
Fakausousa, a. Braggart, boast- 
Fakauta, v. To cogitate ; to 

I^akauta, s. Cogitation, opinion, 

I^akautaga, v. To collect to ; to 

meet at. 
X^akautaga, s. A person or place 
others are fond of meeting at. 
^akautegia, See Fakauta. 
^akautouta. See Fakauta, 
I'akautu, v. To bring or send 

empty vessels to be tilled, 
^akautu, a. Greatest, most. 
J'akautui, v. To persevere, to be 

lakautuutu, i r. To increase, 
^akautuutugaki,/ to grow. 
Pakautufi, v. To persevere, to be 

fixed in purpose. 
Pakautumauku, See FaJcautuJi. 
Pakaba, f?. To jostle against ; , to 
explode ; to tire ofi* a gun ; to 
heat sbeJJ Ssb. 



Fakabae, v. To throw up a 
mound ; to pile up ; to stand 
in rows. 

Fakabaea, i?. To make friend- 

Fakabaebae, r. To leave a canoe 
on the beach. 

Fakabaebaea, r. To appear bash- 
ful or ashamed. 

Fakabaibai, v. To cringe, to draw 
up the body. 

Fakabao, r. To fringe, to flounce. 

Fakabau, ^ v. To inquire 

Fakabaubau,/ particularly; to 
know for certain. 

Fakabaubauu, a. Wanton, mis- 
chievous, roguish. 

Fakababa, v. To walk awry ; to 
insinuate ; to hint. 

Fakababa, v. To tread, to walk 
on ; to beat out. 

Fakababa, v. To swim in the 
surf on a Laubaba. 

Fakcibabau, i?* To assure, to 
protest, to -inquire to know 
certainly ; to be fixed. 

Fakababagatoa, v. To act without 

Fakababaka, v. To cause to flinch 
or cringe ; to alarm. 

Fakababako, v. To appear very 
familiar ; to be familiar with. 

Fakababaku, a. Unwilling, loath, 
sullen, gloomy. 

Fakababalagi, a. Foreign fashion. 

Fakababani, v. To act as for- 
agers ; to destroy produce. 

Fakababata, v. To make coarse 
in texture ; to be familiar. 

Fakababate, v. See Fakababako, 

Fakabagai, «?. A proverbial ex- 
pression applied to small quan- 
tities of food, put into large 

Fakabagobagoi, v. To mar, to 

Fakabahabaha, v. To cause a 
redness, or glow ow tlve ^Wvci* 

FakabaVii v, "Yo c,^\3i^^ fti^^SeA- 



Fakabahihi, v. To make like a 

Fakabahubahu, v. To feign a 

hoarse or rough voice. 
Fakabajika, r. To cause to glide 

or shoot along. 
Fakabajikaka, t\ To act the 

hypocrite ; to assume ; to 

Fakabajino, \ r. lo fix, to 
Fakabajinojino,) determine, to 

Fakabakaka, r. To harden ; to 

make stiff. 
Fakabaki, v. To jostle against. 
Fakabikihi, v. To crack the 

Fakabako, v. To make a smack- 
ing noise, as the striking of 

the flesh. 
Fakabakohokoho, t?. To speak 

bravely, but to act cowardly. 
Fakabaku, s, A frying pan ; a 

dish of fried meat. 
Fakabaku, v. To fry; to broil 

on a gridiron. 
Fakabala, s. A scented oil. 
Fakabala, v. To cause rotten- 
Fakabalaku, \ a. Dirty, slo- 
Fakabalabalaku,/ venly, lazy. 
Fakabalaku, \ v. To make 
Fakabalabalaku, / dirty. 
Fakabalatahabe, t?. To be all on 

one side ; to be partial, 
Fakabana, ^ v. To hinder 
Fakabanabana,/ ingrowth; to 

stunt ; to retard ; to check. 
Fakabanabana, 'I s» A scape goat; 
Fakabanatuli, / one on whom 

falls the punishment designed 
for others. 
Fakabasaga, v. To make fork- 
Fakabatabata, v. To bring up a 

vessel to the wind. 
Fakabatala, v. To converse about 

any thing, but afraid to do it 
at once. 


Fakabatonu, v. To ascertain 
correctly ; to re-assert ; to cor- 

Fakabatu^ ^ t?. To stamp with 

Fakabatutu,/ the foot ; to 
create fear, as one stamping 
in anger. 

Fakabe, v. To frighten play fully. 

Fakabee, v, Fo cause rottenness ; 
to make soft. 

Fakabebee, o. Unwilling. 

Fakabebee, r. to manifest un- 
willingness ; to lag. 

Fakabeehi, v. To speak as if un- 
willing ; to speak vaguely. 

Fakabebena, v. To do unwillingly 
or give grudgingly, 

Fakabebenu, v. To make elastic 
or tough. 

Fakabekebeka, v. To fasten on 
the outrigger of small canoes. 

Fakabeko, t?. To look sad ; to 
look downcast. 

Fakabekui, v. To blunt ; to de- 
stroy the edge of a tool. 

Fakabela, v. To cause an abscess 
to discharge. 

Fakabeleavale, r. To pet a 
foolish person. 

Fakabelebela, r. To bemire; to 
roll in dirt. 

Fakabelebele, v. To pet. 

Fakabenu, v. To put on a large 
dress oi gatu. 

Fakabibi, v. To repair and 
strengthen the fence of a fort ; 
to barricade. 

Fakabibi, s. A barricade ; a 
place hastily made for shelter 
in war. 

Fakabibifci, v. To infect. 

Fakabibihi, a. Infectious. 

Fakabibiki, v. To adhere, to 
cleave to ; to cause to stick to. 

Fakabibi, v. To let off; to shoot 
from the hand ; to sprinkle, 
to splash. 
Fakabiki, v. To ensnare ; to im- 
plicate •, lo ia^Vexv vx^otv. 


Fakabikibikiy r. To hold by ; to j 
implicate, j 

Fakabiko, v. To hinder, to | 

Fakabikoi, s. Interrupter, hin- 

Fakabikobiko, s. Idleness, an 
idler ; a bend, a curre. 

Fakabikobiko, a. Lazy, idle ; 
bent, not straight. 

FakabikobikO) r. To be idle ; 
to bend ; to curve. 

Fakabine^a, v. To meet, to 

Fakabinegaaga, s. A meeting 
place ; a rendezvous. 

Pakabito, v. To fill. 

Fakabo, s. Murder, a murder- 
Fakabo, v. To murder. 
Fakabo, a. Murderous, 
f akaboa, s. Food prepared and 
brought to a woman, by the 
man who wishes to marry her. 
Fakaboa, v. To scent any thing 

with fish ; to smell of fish. 
I'akaboi, r. To aim a blow in 
jest ; to excite fear ; to spar ; 
to fence. 

Fakaboiavale, v. Accidentally to 
strike another in jest. 

3Fakabou, v. To set up the posts 
of a house. 

Takaboubouli, a. Dusk, gloomy, 

I'akaboubouli, s. Gloom, im- 
perfect light. 

I'akabouli, t?. To darken, to 

Fakabouli, a. Dark. 

Fakaboulililolilo, g. Gross dark- 

Fakabobo, ^ r. To make rotten, 

Fakaboboi,/ to rot. 

Fakaboboaki, v. To send a 

Fakaboboi, v. To stand in the 
way ; to oppose. 

T^Biabobofalaj v. To lie for a 



long time on the fala ; to be 

confined to the bed. 
Fakabobogi, v. To cause dizzi- 
Fakaboboto, v. To reconcile, to 

Fakaboboto, s. A reconciler, a 

Fakabobotogataa, a. Difficult to 

quiet or reconcile. 
Fakabobotogofua, a. Easy to 

quiet or reconcile. 
Fakabobula, v. To make prison- 
ers, to enslave. 
Fakabogi, s. Murder. 
Fakabogia, v. To murder, to kill. 
Fakabogibogi, s. The food for 

the morning. 
Fakabogibogi, v. To wink; to 

close the eyes as in looking at 

the sun. 
Fakabohekeheke, v. To work 

carelessly ; to be dilatory. 
Fakaboloto, ad Secretly, privately 
Fakabona, v. To tie a knot ; to 

secure ; to make fast. 
Fakabona, s, A knot. 
Fakaboto, v. To make wise, to 

instruct, to discipline. 
Fakabotobotaga, v. To cultivate 

small patches of ground. 
Fakabotoboto, v. To act wisely 

or prudently ; to make round 

or spherical. 
Fakabotoboto, a. Cautious, pru- 
dent, discreet. 
Fakabotu, s. The top and bottom 

persons in a row. 
Fakabotu, v. To make room ; to 

leave a space free ; to divide 

into rooms or spaces. 
Fakabuaa, v. To allow to rot; 

to suffer the mind to become 

Fakabuaka, i?. To supply the pig 

for an Umu, 
Fakabuobuaka, o. Swinish; of 

filthy habits. 
Fakabuebwe, s, Kr^^^t. 



Fakabuebue^ r. To race. 

Fakabui, v. To dictate ; to com- 
mand in quick succession* 

Fakabuobua, v. To work quickly ; 
to act expeditiously. 

Fakabubu^ v. To make an in- 
decent noise with the mouth. 

Fakabubu, ^ v. To stand 

Fakabubububu, / in a cluster. 

Fakabubuha^ a. Hot^ sultry. 

Fakabubuha, v. To make hot or 

Fakabubuhi, v* To blow a fire 
to prevent its extinction; to 
pet in order to save. 

Fakabubuke, a. Resembling ague. 

Fakabubuke^ v. To shiver, as 
one in an ague fit. 

Fakabubuku, v. To make short, 
to shorten. 

Fakabubula, v. To swell, to 

Fakabubunifo, f?. To drivel, 
applied to children. 

Fakabubuto, v. To swell out ; 
to fill With wind. 

Fakabubutuu, v. To cause con- 
fusion, to confiise. 

Fakabuha, ^ v. To push on; 

Fakabuhaa,/ to urge on; to 
press forward ; to persevere. 

Fakabuhegia, v. To suffocate; to 
intercept the fresh air. 

Fakabuhobuhaa, v. See Fakabuha 

Fakabuhobuha, a. Blustering, 

Fakabuke, v. To raise hillocks 
into which the seed of the yam 
is put; to chase in war; to 
make a rush upon; to cover 
over fore and aft of a small 
paddling canoe. 

Fakabuke, a. Covered with a 
deck, applied to small canoes. 

Fakabukua, v. To dash into the 
mouth, as the sea when one is 
swimming against the waves. 

JFaAabukubuku, s. Gatu made 

narrower than usual, 


Fakabulamata, t?. To hector ; 

to assume a threatening air in 

Fakabule, s, A mode of fishing. 
Fakabulebule, v. To spot, to 

print, to variegate, to neak. 
Fakabuli, \ v. To conceal or 
Fakabulibuli,/ hide, so as to 

escape detection. 
Fakabulibuli, ad. Slyly, secretly. 
Fakabulou, r. Tof' veil or cover 

the face. 
Fakabulou, s, A part in a canoe; 

a coverall. 
Fakabulobula, t?. To encourage, 

to hearten. 
Fakabuloga, i?. To cover over. 
Fakabulotu, s. A genius ; a 

clever person ; a treble voice. 
Fakabulubulu, v. To try ; to fit 

one thing to another. 
Fakabulubuluakii, v. To take 

off under cover ; to hide. 
Fakabulubului, v. To stick upon 

to cause to adhere to'; to cover 

or cloak another. 
Fakabulubuluvale, a. Anything 

the inside of which is much 

better than was expected from 

the appearance of its exterior. 
Fakabuna, ^ v. To cause 

Fakabunabunai, j to fly ; to 

drive furiously. 
Fakabuni, r. To close, to shut ; 

to bring two ends together. 
Fakabunou, v. To cause to bend 

or bow down ; to bow down. 
Fakabunuga, v. To give a woman 

to a man as his wife, contrary 

to her wish. 
Fakabuta, e;. To fill, to bulge, 

to bloat. 
Fakabutae, v. To persevere, to 

keep doing. 
Fakabutobuta, v. To incite, to 

animate, to invigorate. 
Fakabutu, ^ v. To place 
Fakabutubu tu, / close together ; 

to set neat eacVi oX\i«t^ 


Fakabutuga, v. To assemble to- 
gether to talk and make a noise. 

Fakabutuga^ s, A noisy assem- 

Fakafa, v. To burst or split 
open the nut. 

Fakafaa, v. To act like a gar- 

Fakafaaga, s. The supposed 
shrine of the Tonga gods. 

Fakafaabiga^ 9. To act in tribes ; 
to maintain the distinction of 

Fakafaahikehe, r. Of or concern- 
ing the gods. 

Fakafaahitaha, v. To build a 

Fakafaakiy v. To cause to lean 
against, or rest upon. 

Fakafaala, ^ v. To search; 

Fakafaalaala, / to look after. 

Fakafae, v. To take a woman 
for a mother ; to look to. 

Fakafaeho, r. To cause the 
breath to stink. 

Fakafaele, a. Belonging to a 
woman in her confinement. 

Fakafaemate, v. To treat mother- 
less children unkindly. 

Fakafai, v. To cause to do. 

Fakafaifaitaki, v. To induce to 
imitation, to imitate. 

Fakafaifoki, v. To command a 
repetition of any thing. 

Fakafaigataa, v. To render dif- 

Fakafaigofua, v. To make easy, 
to facilitate. 

Fakafaite, v. To teach female 
children how to sit. 

Fakafaitoo, a. Doctor-like, me- 
dical ; relating to a surgeon. 

Fakafaitoka, r. To make a bury- 
ing ground; to devote for a 
burying ground. 

Fakafaiva, r. To do any thing 
like a workman. 

Fakafaoa, r. To occupy every 
seat in a paddling canoe. 



Fakafaufau, v. To cause qualm 

or sickness. 
Fakafafa, r. To sling en a stick, 

and carry over the shoulder. 
Fakafafa, t?. To feel one's way, 

as one blind or in the dark ; to 

be uncertain. 
Fakafafau, v. To make tough 

and slimy, as bread fruit half 

Fakafafau, v. To contract ; to 

draw together ; to bind close ; 

to be of one mind. 
Fakafafasa, v. To fill ; to slacken 

any thing drawn through 

water, by which it fills. 
Fakafafano, v. To stretch, to 

lengthen by pulling out. 
Fakarafine, s. A monster. 
Fakafagota, r. To command to 

get shell fish. 
Fakafahufahu, t?. To act as an 

Fakafaji, \ s. Revenge, ma- 
Fakafajifaji, i lice. 
Fakafajifaji, v. To revenge. 
Fakafajifaji, a. Revengeful, ma- 
Fakafajileo, v. To quiver the 

voice ; to raise the voice till it 

Fakafajii, v. To narrow; to 

diminish the breadth. 
Fakafakau, t?. To act unwilling- 
ly; to do in compliance with 

the views of another. 
Fakafala, s. The fine mat pre- 
sented with gatu at festivals. 
Fakafalala, «?. To cause to rest 

upon or trust in. 
Fakafale, r. To make a shed 

over any thing springing up. 
Fakafalefale, v. To hollow; to 

make with berths. 
Fakafalegaua, i a. Doubtful, 
Fakafalefalegaua, / uncertain. 
Fakafalekakai, v. To bury a 
child 01 ftiewd Vcv \Jafc 4:«^\cv% 



Fakafalelava, a. Unsettled in 

Fakafaletama^ a. A term applied 
to the quarrelling of children 
by the same father, but dif- 
ferent mothers. 

Fakafana, t?. To cook the same 
food more than once. 

Fakafana, a. Mast-like, applied 
to one singularly courageous 
or strong. 

Fakafanau, v. A term applied 
to a man to whom a child is 
born, but begotten by another. 

Fakafanau, v. To treat children 
of different parents impartially. 

Fakafanau, a. Childlike, filial. 

Fakafanafana, «?. To cook over 
and again the same food. 

Fakafano, v. To stretch out. 

Fakafanogo, «?. To hearken, to 

Fakafanua, s. A name of office ; 
a person in office. 

Fakafatogia, v. To do work as 
for a tax ; to do unwillingly. 

Fakafatogia, a. Against the will, 
irksome, compulsory. 

Fakafatogiakovi, v. To act un- 
kindly and unfairly in govern- 
ment work. 

Fakafatu, v. To collect; to lay 
up in the mind ; to thicken, 
applied to liquids. 

Fakafatuua, v. To wrap up or 
make like a Fatuua. 

Fakafatufatu, v. To thicken 

Fakafatuliji, f;. To thunder heavily 
and in quick succession; to pub- 
lish any denunciation or threat. 

Fakafeao, r. To accompany, t© 
guard, to escort. 

Fakafeao, .s. A guard, a com- ; 

Fakafeauhi, v. To do alike. 

Fakafeauhi, ad. Alike, equally, i 
I^akafeabaabaaki, v* To mutually 

reverence and respect. 


Fakafeafeafeaki, v. To call in at 
several places ; to go in a zig- 
zag course. 

Fakafeagai, v. To act conjointly ; 
to be connected. 

Fakafealeituuaki, v. To talk in- 

Fakafealeleaki, v. To converse 
together, to confer. 

Fakafealofani, t?. To act in con- 
cert ; to confer with others, in 
order to act alike. 

Fakafealualumi, v. To contend ; 
to act in emulation. 

Fakafeatugi, a. Oppressive. 

Fakafeatugi, v. To oppress; to 
take by force. 

Fakafeavagaaki, v. To watch a 
door or passage on each side, 
that none escape. 

Fakafeavaki, v. To restrain, 
because of a superior ; to be 
over awed ; to give place to. 

Fakafeeli, t?. To harass ; to 
annoy with work to be done. 

Fakafeifeiavale, a. Mean, poor, 
or weak in appearance. 

Fakafeiga, v. To constrain ; to 
beget earnest desire in the 

Fakafeiloaki, s. Impudence, in- 

Fakafeiloaki, a. Impudent, in- 

Fakafeiloaki, v. To intrude ; to 
bore into notice. 

Fakafeitama, r. To impregnate; 
to bud. 

Fakafeitamaloi, v. To feign preg- 

Fakafeiteitani, v. To cause mu- 
tual anger. 

Fakafeituu, a. Distinct, apart. 

Fakafeituulaa, a. At a certain time 
in the day 

Fakafeoboji, t. To put things 
with a flat surface one upon 

Fakafeogoogoi, t. To c^^\Uoii 



different parties^ in order to 

act in concert. 
Fakafeomokaki^ v. To jut out ; 

to push out of place. 
Fakafeonofiy r. To look wishfully 

for nny thing. 
Fakafeuiuiaki^ v. To call and 

seek after persons in order to 

their collecting together; to 

collect persons dispersed. 
Fakafeufcu^ v. To wrinkle, to 

Fakafeuga, v. To accord with ; 

to suit one thing to another ; 

to place in a line with. 
Fakafeuga, prep. According to. 
Fakafeumu, r. To cause food 

to be cooked. 
Fakafeutaki, r. To press or 

squeeze any thing between 

two bodies. 
Fakafeutugaki, r. To be in more 

hands than one ; to be able to 

supply what another may lack. 
Fakufefeu, v. To wrinkle, to 

Fakafebaki, t?. To knock one 

against another ; to go out to 

Fakafebakituu, t?. To jostle one 

against another, as in a crowd. 
Fakafebaleaki, t?. To shuffle 

from one to another. 
Fakafebatoji, v. To strike to- 
gether the edges of any thing 

Fakafibiubiuaki, v. To go in a 

*zigzag course. 
Fakafebuuaki, v» To halt; to 

be in suspense. 
Fakafebogaki, s. Slaughter, mas- 
Fakafebogaki, r. To kill each 

Fakafebutagaki, v. To he equally 

determined ; to emulate. 
Fakafeteka, v. To harden. 
Fakafefele, v. To obstruct, to 

put in the way. 


Fakafefena, r. To make tough ; 
to keep till withered. 

Fakafefihitaki, r. To make in- 
tricate, to perplex, to entangle. 

Fakafefine, a. Effeminate, wo- 

Fakafefine, v. To act like a 

Fakafehagahagai, r. To sit face 
to face. 

Fakafehalaaki, Vk To cause to 

Fakafehalaaki, s. One who causes 
jthers to err ; a deceiver. 

Fakafeheaki, v. To pass a thing 
from one to another till it is 

Fakafehia, r. To cause to hate. 

Fakafehiamate, v. To cause to 
hate with a deadly hatred. 

Fakafehobohobokaki, t\ To por- 
tion or divide out to others. 

Fakafehokotaki, t?. To join on to. 

Fakafeholoholoi, v. To follow in 
a train 

Fnkafeholoholataki, v. To go 
from place to place, to avoid 
or shun those who seek. 

Fakafehuaaki, v. To joke one 
with another. 

Fakafehui, v. To question, to 

Fakatelmfaki, v. To place things 
heads and points ; to lie Leads 
aiid heels. 

Fakiifehulunaki, t?. To fold the 

Fakafekau, t?. To despatch with 
a message ; to command. 

Fakaffkakei, v. To desire equal- 
ity in rank and authority with 

Fakafekakei, v. Desiring equal- 
ity with a superior. , 

Fakafekeke, s. Avarice. 

Fakafekeke, a. Avaricious. 

Fakafekiki, a. Addicted to cheat- 
ing in games. 

FakafeViki, t^T o c^i^^\. vcw^^^si\\v%, 



Fakafekita, r. To pass a child, in 
order to be kissed by another. 

Fakafekitaki, v. To go to meet. 

Fakafekofeko, t\ To soften; to 
make elastic. 

Fakafekoviaki, v. To backbite. 

Fakafekoviaki, a. Backbiting. 

Fakafekiiku, s. A part in the 
sail of a Tonga canoe. 

Fakafelailaki, s, A general flat- 
terer or fawner. 

Fakafelaitaki, v. To flatter or 
fawn one another. 

Fakafelaulaui, v. Contending 

Sarties speaking of each other, 
afelatani^ v. To beget a liking 

to a place or person. 
Fakafelatogaki, v. To do from 

Fakafelefele, v. To dispread, to 

strew ; to be scattered. 
Fakafelega, s. A practice ob- 
served at the birth of the first 

Fakafeliaki, ^ v. To be on the 
Fakafeliliaki, J stretch ; to work 

without ceasing. 
Fakafeliuaki, v. To place or put 

things heads and points ; to 

reverse the natural order. 
Fakafelihaa, r. To litter; to 

scatter about. 
Fakafeloiaki, v. To lie to different 

Fakafelogoi, v. To be mutually 

Fakafemataki, v. To look one 

at another in silence. 
Fakafemehekataki^ v. To envy 

one another. 
Fakafemelekaki, v. To be angry 

one at another. . 
Fakafemiomioaki, v. To lie; to 

twist or prevaricate to different 

Fakafemouaki^ v. To burden to 

and fro without advantage. 
Italia fena, p. To make tough or 
frithered hy long keeping. 


Fakafenenuaki, ^ t^. To speak 
Fakafenenuakina, / ambiguous- 

Fakafetai^ s. Thanks, praise, 

Fakafetai, v. To be thankful, to 

Fakafetau, r. To contend, to 

Fakafetau, a. Contentious, con- 

Fakafetaulaki, t?. To go and 

meet in the road. 
Fakafetaki, v. To join the handf 

of others. 
Fakafetefete, v. To ofifend, to 

niflle the mind. 
Fakafetogiaki, r. To exchange. 
Fakafetohoaki, t^. To pull in 

different or opposite directions. 
Fakafetokai, v. To contend in 

conversation with a chief; to 

speak as to an equal. 
Fakafetokaki, t?. To give each' 

other away as slaves ; alsOi 

two or more fowls to lay in one 

Fakafetooaki, t?. To displace, to 

Fakafetuotuakoiaki, v. To place 

things in order; to suit the 

voice ; each to take his part in 

singing or chanting. 
Fakafetui, i?. To be ; to appear 

again ; to exist, though in 

another form. 
Fakafetukuaki, v. To shuffle 

from one to another. 
Fakafetulatulaki, i?. To push 

one another down. 
Fakafetutuki, v. To wish to 

accompany each other. 
Fakafevahaanaki, s. The line or 

mark of separation, applied to 

any thing found in the inter- 
vening space of two or more 

Fakafl, «?. To oppoac another 

as his foe. 




Fakafieeikiy v. To play the chief; 
to assume or affect the chief. 

FakafieinUf v» To cause thirst. 

Fakafieula, v. To trifle ; to excite 
laughter and merriment by 
words or actions. 

Fakafiefia, v. To cause rejoicing ; 
to exhilirate. 

Fakafiefiai a. Joyful, delight- 

Fakafiefieula, v. SeeFaicf/iemla. 

Fakafiehua, v. To jest; to joke. 

Fakafiekai, v. To cause hunger ; 
to beget an appetite. 

Fakafielahiy \ v. To elate ; to 

Fakafiefielsdii,/ puff up ; to 
make haughty. 

Fakafiemalie, s. A comforter ; a 
cause of comfort ; gratification. 

Fakafiemalie, v. To comfort^ to 
console, to gratify, to indulge. 

Fakafiemalie, a. Indulgent, mild, 
giving way to. 

Fakafieiiemalie, SeeFakafiemalie 

Fakafiemua, v. To play the cheat; 
to act the deceiver. 

Fakafievale, v. To play the fool. 

Fakafiofio, v. To deal out a fair 
proportion of small and large. 

Fakafiu, i?. To weary, to tire. 

Fakafiu, a. Tiresome, wearisome. 

Fakafiufiu, v. To weary out ; to 
tire out of strength and pa- 

Fakafiufiu, a. Tyrannous, tire- 
some, past endurance. 

Fakafifi, v. To hold fast, to cleave 

Fakafifi, \ a. Unwilling to part 

Fakafifihi,/ with. 

Fakafifihu, v. To look sulky or 

Fakalifiji, v. To feel indignation, 
as at the command of an in- 
ferior ; to spice. 

Fakafifiji, a. Irritable, indignant ; 
hot with spice. 

Fakafiha, ad» How often? how 
many ? 


Fakafihi, \ v. To confuse, to 

Fakafihituu,/ entwine, to en- 
tangle, to complicate, rave. 

Fakafiho, v. To endure, to per- 
severe in. 

Fakafiji, i t?. To deny, to 

Fakafijiga,/ disown, to contra- 

Fakafijilotulotu, v. To deny or 
disown by the gods. 

Fakafili, v. To manifest hostility ; 
to shew enmity. 

Fakafili, s. Hostility. 

FakafiUfilimanako, v. To choose, 
to prefer one thing to another. 

Fakafilo, v. To renew the wick 
of a lamp ; to thread a needle. 

Fakafiloha, s. Unwillingness, 

Fakafiloha, a. Unwilling, loath. 

Fakafiloha, v. To hold fust ; to 

Fakafilohi, See Fakafiloha. 

Fakafitaa, v. To endure. 

Fakafitefitaa, s. Perseverance 
through dangers and difficul ties. 

Fakafitefitaa, v. To persevere, 
to persist. 

Fakatitefitaa,a.DiflicuIt, trouble- 

Fakafoa, v. To cry or sing with 
a loud strained voice. 

Fakafoi, v. To beget cowardice ; 
to affright. 

Fakafoituitui, v. Each one to 
do according to his own mind. 

Fakafoou, s. Renewal, newness, 

Fakafoou, \ v. To make new, 

Fakafoofoou,/ to renew. 

Fakafoohake, ^ v. To lie on 

Fakafoofoohake, > the back ; to 
turn the face or front of any 
thing upwards. 

Fakafoohifo, v. To turn upside 
down ; to prostrate. 

Fakafoohifo, ad. Prone. 

Fakafou, v. To opeu^ to disclose, 
as a secxel. 



Fakafofoga, $. A representative, 
an ambassador. 

Fakafofoga, v. To represent, to 
speak for. 

Fakafofonu, v. To cause cold in 
the head. 

Fakafoha, v. To ripen ; to make 
large, applied to seeds. 

Fakafoki, v. To cause to return. 

Fakafoki, s. One who causes 
others to return or go back. 

Fakafokifa, s. Suddenness. 

Fakafokifa, a. Sudden, unexpect- 

Fakafokifa, ad. Suddenly, hasti- 

Fakafolau, .o. Of or belonging 

to a Folau, 
Fakafolau, s. The name of the cat 

fish, when off soundings. 
Fakafolo, v. To cause or help to 

Fakafono, v. To acknowledge a 

ruler ; to be subject to govern- 
Fakafono, s. The poor or governed 

among the people. 
Fakafonoga, «?. To go in rotation ; 

to move in order, 
Fakafonu, v. To fill, 
Fakafonua, a. Belonging to the 

whole land. 
Fakafonua, s. The rendezvous 

of the chiefs and principal 

warriors in times of war. 
Fakafonuaau, v. To rise. 
Fakafototehina, a. Belonging to 

the younger brothers. 
Fakafotu, s. The family of a 

poorer wife than that of an eiki, 
Fakafotu fotuekina, r. To go 

towards, to approach. 
Fakiifua, \ V. To carry on the 
Fakafuai,/ shoulder; to frucii- 

fy, to cause to bear fruit. 
Fakafuaa, v. To create jealousy; 

to serve out in equal proportion. 

JFakafuahaUj t?. To do mischief 

under the protection of a chief. 

Fakafuataga, v. To look at, to 
be aware of; to prepare the 
gatu in a certain way. 

Fakafuifui, r. To fly in flocki; 
to roll in quick succession, ai 
waves of the sea. 

Fakafuofuaa, r. To create jea- 

Fakafuofua, v. To shape. 

Fakafuofuolahi, a. Vain, osten- 

Fakafuoloa, t?. To protract, to 

Fakafuulau, a. Covered with 
leaves, but no fruit; simulating* 

Fakafufu, t?. To hide or conceal. 

Fakafufuia, v. To swell out; to 
look displeased. 

Fakafufunaki, v. To bide, to 

17 i/ p ^ 'i . I *. A scented oil. 

Fakafulii, v. To hang in clusters; 

to tie a number of things to- 

Fakafiijifujiloto, a. Selfwilled ; 

determined to do his own mind. 
Fakafujifujiloto, v. To assume 

Fakafula, a. To cause disease. 
Fakafuli, s. Overwhelming waves. 
Fakafulofula, v. To frown or look 

shy upon ; to be sullen. 
Fakafulofula, a. Sulky, morose, 

silently sullen. 
Fakafulufulu, v. To make rough, 

as a board that was smooth. 
Fakafulufuluhaa, v. To set on 

end, as birds and beasts their 

feathers and hair, when angry ; 

to disorder ; to dress slovenly. 
Fakatulutamaki, v. To stop the 

breath; to prevent free breath- 


Fakal'utofuta, v. To act haughti- 
Fakafutofuta, a. Haughty, proud. 

Fakafutofuta, s. Haughtiness, 



Fakaga, r. To chase out of 

breath ; to cause to pant ; to 

suffer a child to cry itself out 

of breath. 
Fakagaeheehe, a. Spiritless, 

without vigour. 
Fakagaeheehe, v. To act weakly, 

or without spirit. 
Fakagaehu, r. To agitate, to 

Fakagaii, «?. To grind or gnaw 

with the teeth ; to rub with a 

grinding motion. 
Fakag.iofe, i v. To bend, to 
Fakagaofeofe,/ curve. 
FaRiigiiofe, I s. iUexion, the 
Fakagaofeofe,/ act ot bending. 
Fakagaogao, v. To depopulate; 

to send away ; to desert. 
Fakagaogiio, v. To eat having 

only tiie double teeth left. 
Fakagaolo, v. To cause to creep; 

to allow to crawl. 
Faka^iaue, v. To set to work; 

to employ. 
Fakagaue, 1 v. To move, to 
Fakagaueue,i cauiie to shiit, 

to actuate, to excite. 
Fakagiiugau, v. To wet, to damp, 

to moisten. 
Fakagauta, t?. To arouse ; to set 

in action. 
Fakagafagafa, v. To do each his 

own work. 
Fakagafagafa, a. Parcelled out, 

Fakagatigafi, t?. To dress with a 

mat; to put a mat outside the 

dress oi gatu. 
Fakaiiaiiiiari, s. The name of the 

mat used as above. 
Fakagagau, v. To make the head 

ache, applied to one whose 

conduct gives pain. 
Fakagagau, «. l^oolish, egregi- 

ousiy so* 
Fakagagau, v. See Fakagaugau, 
Fakagagake, t?» To wet^ to satu- 


Fakagagana, a. To cause to fall ; 

to shake down. 
Fakagagatu, i?. To scent ; to 

convey a scent of any thing 

pleasant to the smell. 
Fakagahau, v. To obstruct; to 

stop up a road. 
Fakagahaha, v. To make a rush- 
in-^ noise, as in passing through 

Fakrtgahe, t;. To induce languor. 
Fakag.iholo, v. To speed the 

sailing of a vessel ; to loose, 

to rchix. 
Fakagahuhu, V. To saturate in 

Fakagakau, v. To embowel. 
Faka^ako, v. To grease, to 

Fakagala, r. To allow a child to 

cry till its voice is become 

weak ; to cry. 
Fdkagalatoka, t?. To feed; to 

make exceedingly lat. 
Fakagilemiilemu, i?. to mike 

solt or flibby. 
Fakagaligali, a. Fitting, proper, 

Fakagaligali, r. To gnaw; to 

tear with the teeth. 

Fakag ilo, \ ^ To foro-et. 
Fakagalogaloi,/ ' ° 

Fakagalo, 1 s. Forixetful- 

L^akagaio, ^ 



Fakagdlogalomi, ) t;. To cause 
Fakagalo alia, / to forget. 
Fakagaioku, v. To wrinKle, to 

crease, to make uneven. 
Fakagalugalu, )^ t;. To go along 
Fakagalugaluvai,) weakly; to 

waddle, as one very weak. 
Fakagano, v. To expose the body 

to tne sun, in order to become 

red or ruddy. 
Fakagata, «?. To make an end. 
Fakagdtagata, v. To circumscribe ; 

to set bounds or land marks ; 

to restrict. 
Fakagatata, t5.To'^\tv^^,\.^xM^^ 

a jingUng uoue. 



Fakagavaivaiy a. Weak, not 

Fakagei, y^ r. To excite fear 
Fakageigei, / and apprehension. 
Fakagei, > a. Stern, iinrelent- 
Fakageigei,/ ing. 
Fakagehegehe, a. Mild, weak, 

applied to the sun when past 

Fakagi, "i v. To drizzle, as 
Fakagigi, / small rain ; to whine, 

as a sick child. 
Fakagigila, v. To polish, to gloss, 

to brighten. 
Fakagini, v. To be shrivelled 

from exposure to cold. 
Fakagofua, v. To annul a pro- 
hibition; to put an end to an 

Fakagono, v. To gather the nuts 

from time to time before they 

are good. 
Fakagoto, r. To sink ; to press 

under water. 
Fakagotoumu, v. To make native 

ovens ; to devote a place to the 

cooking of food. 
Fakagotogoto, v. To dive, as 

Fakagu, v. To make to speak ; 

to induce to speak. 
Fakagugu, v. To grumble or 

mutter disapprobation. 
Fakagugulu, v. To breathe hard 

with a grunting noise. 
Fakagutu, v. To make the open- 
ing or mouth of any thing. 
Fakagutuhua, v. To jest, to joke. 
Fakaha, v. To make known ; to 

cause to appear ; to manifest. 
Fakaha, 8, Exposure, manifest- 
Fakahaa, r. To scatter ; to place 

at random. 
Fakahaabulou, v. Each to work 

for before he eats or gets what 

he wants. 
Fakahaagataha, v. To accomplish 
at once, (going or doing.) 


Fakahaalavaka, s. The long hair 
worn in sign of virginity. 

Fakahaamo, v* To order another 
to carry a burden ; to supply 
the pole to carry with. 

Fakahaamoga, t^. To put in 
double lots, so as to haamo. 

Fakahaea, v. To act foolishly; 
to lose by exposing. 

Fakahaele, a. To conduct a great 
personage ; to teach a child to 

Fakahao, v. To pilot; to direct 
the course of a vessel. 

Fakahao, 8. A pilot. 

Fakahaoijino, \ v. To appear 

Fakahaoitejino, i individually. 

Fakahaofi, \ v. To cause to 

Fakahaofia,/ escape ; to ex- 
tricate from danger. 

Fakahaohao, v. To take with 
care; to proceed circumspectly 
or cautiously. 

Fakahaohaoa, t?. To escape 
without fault; to free from 
every thing bad ; to make per- 

Fakahaohaogataa, v. To get 
through, to escape, with dif- 

Fakahaohaogofua, v. To get 
through, to escape, with ease. 

Fakahau, | a. Rigorous, ty- 

Fakaehau,/ rannical, oppress- 
ive, troublesome, annoying. 

Fakahau, v. To put through the 
nose or the ear ; to whine, to 

Fakahauhau, t?. To bedew ; to 
expose to the dew. 

Fakahaue, ^ v. To walk or 

Fakahauhaue,/ sail about for 

Fakahauhaufano, v. To take an 
airing ; to sit in the breeze* 

Fakahaujia, e?. To leave exposed 
to the weather. 

Fakahaunifo, 8. D^ntidon ; the 
act of cuUitvg l^^lK 



Fakahabae, > r. To go as one 

crooked in the 


FakahabutOy part. Swollen, in- 
flated, bulged^ as any thing 
filled with the wmd. 

Fakabafiiy v. To dip the head 
backward into the water; to 
carry any thing dropping with 

Fakahafuhafu, r. To heave to; 
to put the head of the canoe 
to the wind ; to drive before 
the wind. 

Fakahafuhataha, v. To do order- 
ly ; to place heads and points 
all one way ; to put alphabeti- 

Fakahafiini^ t?. To cut the hair 
short; to be short or destitute 
of any thing. 

Fakahaga^ 1 v. To set in a 

Fakahagahaga,! line with; to 
•place exactly opposite. 

Fakahagakehe, r. To set awry ; 
'to place obliquely. 

Takabagakehe^ s. The name 

S riven to axes helved English 
Fakahagatamaki, v. To cause 

danger ; to make dangerous ; 

to cause swellings. 
FakahagatonUy v. To set in a 

straight line ; to front, to face. 
Fakahago, v. To strew, to scatter 

Fakahaha, v. To shew, to make 

known, to exhibit. 
Fakahaha, v. To line with banana 

leaves the inside of the Goto- 

Fakahahae, v. To drag, to drawl; 

to speak as a foreigner. 
Fakahahau, v. To expose to the 

Fakahahafu, v. To drop ; to let 

fall drops of any liquid. 
Fakahahaga, v. To sit with the 

le^s extended. 
* 57 

Fakahahaka, s. A preparation 

of food. 
Fakahahaka, r. To startle: to 

cause sudden terror. 
Fakahahake, a. Easterly, to- 
wards the east. 
Fakahahakonoa, v. To take a 

trip or journey of pleasure. 
Fakahahatala, r. To tell, to talk 

Fakahahatuu, v. To chastise in- 
discriminately ; to scold all for 

the offence of one. 
Fakahakau, i?. To strew; to 

scatter about ; to catch fish on 

the reefs. 
Fakahakau, s. Bananas buried 

in the sand to ripen, but the 

stems in sight. 
Fakahake, ^ v. To land; 
Fakahakehake,/ to remove 

things out of the water to the 

shore ; to get out of a hole or 

Fakahako, v. To advance the 

growth of trees by breaking 

off the shoots. 
Fakahako, ^ s. Seed, pro- 
Fakahakohako,/ geny, success- 
Fakahakohakoloto, v. To act 

according to his own mind ; to 

indulge in obstinacy. 
Fakahakolo, -i t?. To place un- 
Fakahakolokolo, f suitably low 

or near the earth; to speak 

with a low rough voice. 
Fakahala, v. To cause to err; 

to deceive. 
Fakahala, s. A deceiver; one 

that is the occasion of error in 

Fakahalaa, v. To dream of one 

person, what happens to 


h ^ 

ia, V See Fakahala. 

Fakahalahalai, ' 




generous; m- 

Fakahalafaki^ v. To take another 

road to avoid being seen. 
Fakfihalafonua, v. To cause a 

whole land trouble ; to betray 

a whole people. 
Fakahalahalaga, r. To crack ; 

to make streaks or marks ; to 

be cracked. 
Fakahalakava, v. To leave a 

patch uncultivated, while all 

around is cultivated. 
Fakahalatua, v. To take or bring 

to poor persons or relatives. 
Fakahaliavale, a. Unkind, in- 

d(ilrntj overgrown. 
Fakahalofia, v. To beget hunger. 
Fakahaloku, v. To ridge, to rais^, 

to make uneven, to wrinkle. 
Fak^ihalu, v. To order others to 

seek fish. 
Fakahama, r. To put the out- 
rigger to a canoe. 
Fakahama, y a. Foolishly 

Fa k ah a mahama, / 

Fakahama, i v. To 

Fakahamahama,/ that toothers 

which the party itself needs ; 

to be indifferent about. 
Fakahama naki, t?. To buoy up 

the mind ; to expect. 
Fakahamatefua, a. Like a Ha- 

Fakaliamelie, s. A good omen ; 

ominous of good. 
Fakahamelie, v. To fofebode 

Fakabamuhamu, a, Blustrous. 
Fakahamuhamu, v. To bluster 

about ; to try to set others 

Fakahana, a. Purgative. 
Fakahana, v. To run out; to 

allow or cause to run out, as 

water from a shell. 
Fakahanoku, v. To ridge, to 

bend up. 
JFalcahatamak), s, A bad omen ; 
ominous of eviU 



Fflknhatamaki, r. To forebode 

Fakahavala, 'i v. To beget 
Fakahavalagia, J longing desire ; 

to long after. 
Fakahavilivili, r. To take an * 

airing ; to sit in the breeze. 
Fakahe, ir. To cause to err, to 

mislead, to misdirect. 
Fakahe, a. Applied to one who 

lends others astray. 
Fakahea, v. To mix a prepara- 
tion for painting native cloth. 
Fakahce, r. To drive away; to 

shake off. 
Fakaheigofiia, a* Easily seduced 

or led astr<*y. 
Fakaheiliei, v. To look aslant or 

Fnkaheihei, a. Oblique. 
Fhkahehe, v. To drive away, as 

Fakahehe, t;. To wander^; to go 

from place to place in search 

of health. 
Fakahehciji, v. To scare ; to 

make wild. 
Fakaheheka, a, Granulous ; a 

wound filling up. 
Fakaheheke, v. To go aslant; 

to dive obliquely. 
Fakahehema, ) t?. To excite 
Fakaheheniai,/ jittention ; to 

draw away from other objects, 
Fakaheheva, a. Foolish. 
Fakaheka, v. To load a canoe ; 

to IVeight, embark. 
Fakaheke, i?. To flatter; to slip; 

to cause others to slip and fall; 

to beguile ; to ward oft*. 
Fakaheke, a. Addicted to flatter- 
Fakahekeheka, c. To accompany 

one about to sail to the vessel.^ 
Fakahekelena, a* Deceptions, 

applied to a day the morning 

of which was beautifully fine, 

but afterwards very rough. 
Faka\\e\e, a. TVt^^ome, \.^d\uvi«« 



Fakahela, v. To run out of 

Fakahele, i v. To cut ofF; 

Fakahelehele, / to separate 

Fakaheleau, > v. To inquire 

Fakahelehele, / suspiciously ; to 
take by craft. 

Fakahelegavale^ a. Erroneous in 
language; foolish; incorrect. 

Fakahelegavale, s. Error, mis- 

Fakaheleleu, v. To speak or act 
with a different design from 
the apparent one. 

Fakaheliaki, r. To insinuate, to 

Fakahema, a. Left-handed, awk- 
ward, clumsy. 

Fakaheveheva, a. Childish, sim- 

Fakaheveheva,) v. To act child- 

FakaUehiaga, / ishly. 

Fakahifo, v. To unload ; to dis- 
charge ; to put down ; to coun- 
teract by an offering or sacri- 

Fakahiga, i r. To throw down, 

Fakahigai,/ to cause to fall, to 

Fakaliigano, r. To blossom, to 
shew fruit ; a small part at the 
end of a canoe. 

Fakahigoa, v. To name ; to de- 

Fakahihiaga, v. To act foolishly, 
like a child. 

Fakahihiaga, a. Foolish, weak 
of intellect. 

Fakahihifi, v. To cut out of 
form .or shape. 

Fakahihigo, v. To turn into 
another path ; to go a&kaunt. 

FakahihiU, a. Irritable. 

Fakahikihiki, v. To magnify, to 

Fakahila, ^ v. To look 

Fakahilatuamata> > with a quick 

IPMkahihbila, J turn of the 


head ; to look askaunt ; to 
look as from under a hat. 
Fakahili, v. To pass by; to 
lessen the sail in bad weather. 
Fakahilihili, v. To speak of the 
progenitors of chiefs (a mortal 
offence,) also, ta intercept; to 
turn into another route. 

Fakahinehina, v. To bleach, to 
make white. 

Fakahinohino, v. To lead, to 
guide, to direct. 

Fakahinohino, f. Guide, guid- 
ance, direction. 

Fakahinohinoi, v. To inform an 
adopted child of its real 

Fakahoa, s. Suspicion. 

Fakahoa, a. Suspicious, inclined 
to suspect. 

Fakahoa, v. To suspect, to 
imagine ill of another ; to 
couple, to pair. 

Fakahoata, s. Work done or food 

Sreparedator about noonday* 
ahou, V. To retch ; to force 

up from the stomach ; to excite 

to do or say. 
Fakahougai, v. To welcome, to 

receive with gratitude. 
Fakahouhau, v. To cause anger ; 

to affront ; to manifest anger. 
Fakahouhau, s. An aftront, an 

Fakahouhoumotua, v. To feel 

shame; to act as (>ne ashamed. 
Fakahobo, v. To command a 

person or persons from one 

place to another ; to make one 

jump ; to cut out, as a cancer. 
Fakahoboate, v. To make cap- 
tives ; to treat as prisoners. 
Fakahobohobo, v. To allow to 

hop about, as a bird from a 

Fakahoge, ^ v. To starve, to 
Fakahogea, ) famish. 
Fakahogi, v. To %^<iW viM\. Vi-^ 

the smeW, 



Fakahohaa, v. To discompose, 

to disquiet, to make uneasy. 
Fakahohoa, r. To put fairly, 

bad and good, large and small, 

Fakahohoko, ad. Singly, in- 
Fakahoholi, r. To domesticate ; 

to be^et a liking. 
Fakahoholo, v. To slide ; to 

move on any smooth surface. 
Fakahoholoto, v. To do unwilling- 
ly ; to do despairingly. 
Fakahohotuu, v. To confuse, to 

cause an uproar, to be un^ 

Fakahoko, v. To cause to arrive 

at ; to apply ; to join. 
Fakahoko, s. Application. 
Fakahokohoko, v. To bring up ; 

to hasten towards, as a fair 
. wind the vessel ; to wish to 

resemble others. 
Fakahola, \ v. To unloose; to 
Fakaholaki, i let go away ; to 

send out of the way. 
Fakaholataki, v. To abscond 

with any thing. 
Fakaholo, v. To move in a line; 

to glide or run on a smooth 

Fakaholoholo, t?. To move in 

succession , to let go ; to let 

down ; to become fair, as the 

Fakaholoholoi, v. To neglect to 

correct children and others 

who do badly. 
Fakaholoki, v. To push down, 

to demolish. 
Fakaholomamata, a. Agreeable 
to the sight ; pleasing to look 
Fakaholomui, «?. To go back- 
wards, to backslide. 
Fakaholonofo, ) a, Agree- 
Fakaholoholonofo,/ able, plea- 

ss/it, applied to any thing one 

is pleased to sit at» 


Fakahomo, r. To pass secr^tli" 

to another, to give secretly ; 

to untie, to loose. 
Fakahomohomo, r. To let go, 

to part with. 
Fakahu, v. To cause to go into 

or out of any place. 
Fakahua, v. To banter or joke. 
Fakahua, a. Addicted to banter 

or joke. 
Fakahua, v. To tack about in 

Fakahuufataha, t*. To lay all int 

one direction;^ to lie straight 

and all one way. 
Fakahuuhuu, ^ v. To be a- 
Fakahuuhuufaki,/ shamed; to 

be suspicious ; to have par- 
ticular reference to. 
Fakahuuhuuvale, v. To place 

without order; to lie dowB 

heads and heels. 
Fakahufaki, v. To take an 

offender out of danger; to 

place another under the pro- 
tection of a superior. 
Fakahufi, v. To cause or to allow 

an enemy to enter a fort or any 

Fakahufia, v. To chase into 

Fakahuhu, v. To suckle, to give 

Fakahuhu, r. To search into, to 

Fakahuhulu, v. To shine, to 

look well, but not liked. 
Fakahuki, v. To sit on the lap, 

to nurse. 
Fakahukihuki, v. To begin to 

set up a child. 
Fakahukovia, v. To chase soldiers 

in a state of confusion into a fort, 
Fakahula, v. To bulge ; to 

slacken, so as to bulge out in 

any part. 
Fakahulu, i v. To plunge ; 
Fakahuluhulu,) to rush in the 
1 face of danget. 



Fnkahumu, v. To tie the fore 
legs of an animal ; to push 
another to stumble. 

Fakajiejia, s. The small eggs in- 
side a fowl. 

Fakajiijii^ r. To lessen, to ex- 

Fakajiijii ad. Sparingly, little, 
in a small degree. 

Fakajiijii, s. Extenuation. 

Fakajio, i v. To peep, to look, 

Fakajiojio,! to stare, to pry. 

Fakajiba, v. To throw any thing 
flat so as to skim along. 

Fakajibi, r. To collect warriors. 

Fakajigejigaa, v. To persevere 
through difficulties, as one who 
goes in the heat of noonday. 

Fuajifa, v. To whirl round ; to 
Wing, as a vessel to the vessel. 

Fakajiji, v. To make a beginning, 
to mark out. 

Fakajikejike, v. To set a child 
on its heels, to teach it so to sit. 

Fakajina, v. To be very par- 
ticular in doing work. 

Fakajina, a. Neat, particular in 

Fakajinifa s. A heathen song of 
females only. 

Fakajino, v. To feed, to fatten. 

Fakajino, a. Feeding, fattening. 

Fakajinonaki, a. Consistent in 
character ; agreeable to. 

Fakajitua, t?. To treat unkindly 
on the departure or death of a 
parent or friend. 

Fakajivejiva, i a. Unmindful, 

Fakajivejivamea, f ungrateful. 

Fakajivejiva, y v. To be un- 

Fakajivejivamea,/ mindful of, 
to neglect, to throw away, to 

Fakakaekae, v. To use mocking 
language, to deride. 

Fakakai, v. To entice with food ; 
to pay a wager. 

Fakakai, s. A wager won in cer- 
tain games* 


Fakakaibo, r. To eat slyly or 
alone ; to be selfishly inclined. 
Fakakai fonua. Mean, low, pau- 
Fakakaiga, a. Friendly, kind, 

Fakakaihaa, r. Thief-like, be- 
coming a thief. 
Fakakainaga, v. To act in tribes ; 

to act distinctly and separately 

in each tribe. 
Fakakainiloto, v. To be afflicted 

with the disease called Kaini- 

loto; to speak through the 

Fakakaitamaki, a. Exceedingly 

strong, wise, or dexterous. 
Fakakaivao, a. Mean, selfish, 

as one who eats in the bush. 
Fakakaivale, v. To act selfishly ; 

to divide unfairly. 
Fakakaokaofi, v. To desert, to 

leave alone , to be all on the 

opposite side. 
Fakakau, v. To implicate; to 

put in scores. 
Fakakaufefine, v. To associate 

together (women.) 
Fakakauga, s. The cause or origin 

of being implicated in any 

Fakakaugaabi, a. Neighbour- 
like, neigbourly. 
Fakakaugagaue, r. To associate 

in the performance of any 

Fakakaugamalie, v. To render 

easy of performance. 
Fakakaugamea, v. To associate, 

to be united. 
Fakakaugatamaki, v. To render 

difficult of performance. 
Fakakaugoue, v. To garden 

together ; to work together at 

Fakakaukau, v. To consult; to 

Fakakaukau, s, C«qtc&>3^\a.^v^\X) 



Fakakaukauloa, t\ To run a 
vessel beyond the time and 
place for bringing her up. 

Fakakaumea^ r. To seek a com- 
panion or an associate. 

Fakakaunaga, r. To treat a 
female as a servant. 

Fakakaunaga^ a. Female servant 
like ; becoming a female ser- 

Fakakaunifo, t?. To scallop; to 
cut in the form of teeth. 

Fakakaunoa, v. To implicate 
one not concerned. 

Fakakauta, t\ To come with a 
present though poor. 

Fakakautagata, v. To associate 
together (men.) 

Fakakautoutai, r. To associate 
together (fishermen or sailors.) 

Fakakaba, \ v. To leave an 

Fakakabakaba,/ end or corner 
in cutting off; to corner. 

Fakakabalu, v. To make a flap- 
ping noise. 

Fakakabataha, v. To refer to 
one end or corner or division. 

Fakakabo, v. To bring the sail 
of the canoe nearer to the 

Fakakabu, t?. To fill, as the sail 
with wind ; to keep full. 

Fakakafa, v. To supply kcifa 
for any work ; to make a collar 
with kafa for dogs, &c. 

Fakakafaki, v. To go up ; to be 
on the ascent, applied to the 
disposition becoming haughty. 

Fakakafotahi, v. To dress a 
wound in a certain way, 

Fakakafu, v. To cover a person 
when laid down or asleep. 

Fakakahi, v. To make a scratch- 
ing or flapping noise. 

Fakakaho, t\ To rib, to divide 
by lines. 

Fakakahoa, v. To place a gar- 
/snd or ornament on the neck 

of another. 



Fakakahokaho, a. Broad deep 

lines or ribs. 
Fakajiimaaga, r. To eat from' 

and make less the food pro-' 

vided for others. 
Fakakaka, v. To cause to climb; 

to seek after forgotten friends. 
Fakakaka, r. To impoverish the 

soil, as useless trees. 
Fakakaka, 9, A cheat, a deceiver. 
Fakakaka, a. Deceitfiil. 
Fakakaka, ad. Deceitfully, per- 
Fakakakai, v. To people, to 

Fakakakau, v. To fasten a stick 

to any thing for present use ; 

to handle. 
Fakakakaha, t?. To make very 

hot. ' 

Fakakakala, v. To scent oil with 

leaves, &c. 
Fakakakale, v. To run to and 

Fakakakano, v. To fill, to line, 

to put inside. 
Fakakakano, a. Earthly, fleshljr. 
Fakakakata, r. To laugh; to 

titter at any trick. 
Fakakakato, v. To make up, td 

Fakakakava, 0. Causing per- 
spiration, sudorific. 
Fakakakava, v. To do by proxy. 
Fakakake, \ r. To peer up 
Fakakakekake, / in distance, as 

from a hole. 
Fakakala, s. The motions of any 

thing near death or dying. 
Fakakalakala, v. To cause to 

Fakakalaloa, v. To be a long^ 

time at any thing. 
Fakakalalu, v. See FaJcakabaki. 
Fakakalamu, v. To draw a rope 

through the water, to drive 

fish into the net. 
Fakakalekale, v. To run in con- 
fusion, ^.^ 'wWiv ^%i\^\j(^d« 






kaleaki, v. To go on 

t obstruction. 

I, a. Like a Kcdia, 

, V. To run, as betwixt 

s of rain ; to embrace a 


a, a. Not easily sepa- 

a, v» To remain station- 

kalofaki, v. To be care- 
langer ; to keep a good 


I, V. To break up ; to 

n cutting up food. 

a, V. To prognosticate 

[)d qualities of another ; 


agataa, v. To be difB- 


ogataa, a. Difficult to 
to cook, to accomplish, 
oi, \ V, To be full ; 
okano, J to be lined, as 

of the horizon with dark 


I, V. To excite laughter. 

i, a. Addicted to caus- 


a, s. A name given to 

who decoy persons into 


akata, t). To try by 

ng ; to make others 

ea, V, To make into 

oa, r. To collect, to 
ble ; to bind together, 
oaga, V, To be like or 
r to a Katoaga. 
oabo, V. To complete or 
any given number ot 

uba. V. To make door 

ra, V. To cause a stink, 
^akava, a. Fenced, as a 
>n both sides. 

Fakakavealoto, v. To have the 

mind tied to any thing; to be 

Fakakavei, v. To sling a basket ; 

to put slings or hanging strings 

to a basket. 
Fakakavekavetala, v. To do in 

order to be talked about ; to 

desire fame. . 
Fakake, v. To cause quarrelling. 
Fakakeu, a. Dexterous, expert. 
Fakakefu, t?. To colour the hair 

of the head. 
Fakakehe, \ v. To change, 
Fakakehekehe,J to alter, to 

transform, to diversify, to make 

Fakakehekeha, v. To scent 

clothes or the body ; to fill with 

sweet odours. 
Fakakeke, v. To cause to bleat 

or cry. 
Fakakeke, v. To incite, to set 

on, to accept a challenge 
Fakakekeva, v. To stiffen, to 

Fakakele, s. One mode of taking 

Fakakelekele, v. To make dirty, 

to make unclean. 
Fakakelekele, a. Earthy, of the 

earth. ^ 
Fakakemokemo, v. To twmkle 

the eyes in looking at another. 
Fakakeyekeva, v. To walk stately 

and erect. 
Fakaki, v. To imitate the chirp- 
ing of a bird ; to trouble by 
frequent application. 
Fakakibola, v. To search; to 
inquire after from place to 
Fakakihi, v. To stunt in growth. 
Fakakiki, v. To affright. 
Fakakiki, r. To scream, to 
squeak, to make a shrill noise. 
Fakakiki, v. To supply animal 

food to eat with vegetables. 
Fakakikihi, v. To carp, to gain- 



say, to parley, to argue, to 

.debate, to wrangle. 
Fakakikiiii, a. Contentious. 
Fakakikihi, s. Contention, alter- 
Fakakikila, v. To make to shine, 

to polish. 
Fakakikina, v. To tease, to 

plague, to weary. 
Fakakikina, a. Tiresome, teasing. 
Fakakikite, v. To foretell, to 

Fakakila, \ v. To open and 
Fakakilakila,) shut the eyes, 

as one pretending to be asleep ; 

to be seen but occasionally ; 

to make small bald patches on 

the Tiead. 
Fakakili, «?. To grow again, as 

the bark of trees which were 

Fakakilia, v. To excite anger. 
Fakakilikili, v. To spread a large 

kind of gravel over graves. 
Fakakina, v. To worry, to tire out. 
Fakakinatoa, v. To cause callous- 
ness, by teasing and worrying. 
Fakakinehia, v. To express 

weariness at what does not 

trouble the party. 
Fakakinekina, v. To be tired, to 

be wearied. 
Fakakinokinoifia, a. Agreeable, 

Fakakita, r. To startle, as one 

ill ; to cause death ; to cause 

the death of a person ill, by 

exciting his passions. 
Fakakite, v. To look anxiously 

and narrowly at any thing, as 

at what may be reported (land 

at sea, or a vessel in sight.) 
Fakakitekite, s. Any thing new 

or strange done or said by a 

person just before his decease^ 

and afterwards referred to as 

a prognostication. 
J^'akakititama, v. To treat as a 


Fakakivi, v. To tease, to annoy] 

as salt water to the eyes ; to 

leave the talo in the earth till 

Fakakoa, v. To cause foam. 
Fakakofe, t?. To call or sing out^ 

with a drawling loud voice. 
Fakakofu, t?. To dress, to clothe. 
Fakakoga, v. To allow to squeal,^ 

as a pig ; to do or speak in 

part only. * 

Fakakogakau, a. To act like a 

regiment or party of soldiers. 
Fakakohi, v. To scratch, toi 

make a scratching noise. 
Fakakohukohu, v. To burn any 

thing, to cause a dense smoke ; 

'to move in a dense body as a 

shoal of fish. 
Fakakoka, «?. To work bodily at 

any thing, without accomplibh- 

ing the object. 
Fakakoko, «?. To cause to make 

a noise, as in catching a fowl. 
Fakakokolo, v. To cause to run 

or fall out, to guggle out. 
Fakakokono, v. To cause pain ; 

to strain ; to make violent 

efforts ; to grieve. 
Fakakole, ^ r. To entreatj 
Fakakolekole,/ to beg kindly. 
Fakakolo, «. Fortress-hke; war- 
like, applied to the disposition; 
Fakakoloa, «?. To enrich; to 

reward ; to shroud a corpse. 
Fakakolokolo, v. To speak or sing 

with a feigned rough bass voice. 
Fakakoloto, v. See Koloto and 

Fakakolukolu, t?. To dress with 

something very large and 

Fakakomo, «?. To speak but 

little ; to utter a sentence ; to 

know a few words of another 

Fakakona, | r. To make bitter, 
Fakakonahi,/ to embitter, to 

intoxicate; tO'^oV&oxv, 



lakai, v. To embitter 

lokona, v. To salt; to 
1 with salt, as broth, 
lokono, V. To tease, to 
', to vex. 

lokono, a. Vexatious, try- 

iSL, V. To cut the hair in 

ii, V, To make bad ; to 
miate, to asperse, to 

li, s. Calumny, aspersion, 

vi, a. Addicted to back- 
ad. When? either past 

i, z?. To blind, 
ikui, V. To work the eye 
(vith a quick motion, as 

bukubu, V. To cut up 
oints or logs, 
hu, V. To sniff with the 

kafi, V. To persevere, 
kafi, s. Perseverance, 
ikafi, a. Persevering, 
iku, a. Unforgiving, 
ilokula, V. To make red. 

p • 
> » 

Fakalau, v. To count, to number. 

Fakalaufokotuu, r. To talk or 
pile up words without deter- 
mining any thing. 

Fakalaujii, v. To narrow, to 
make narrow. 

Fakalaukau, ad. Proudly, osten- 

Fakalaukau, t?. To shew off; to 
exhibit, to draw attention. 

Fakalaulau, v. To talk over a 
thing without deciding upon it. 

Fakalaulaukau, v. To walk at 
ease ; to go free of restraint. 

Fakalaulahi, v. To make broad, 
to widen. 

Fakalauloto, s. Meditation, con- 
templation. . 

Fakalauloto, t?. To meditate, to 
talk over the mind. 

Fakalaumalie, v. To spiritualize. 

Fakalaumalie, a. Spiritual. 

Fakalautefuhi, v. To make up a 

Fakalautelau, v. To bring or 
deal out singly one at a time. 

Fakalauvale, a. Mean, low, like 
the Lauvale, 

Fakalabalaba, v. To make with 
flat sides, as a square bottle. 

Fakalabulabu, v. To cant, to 

a. To supply a sail ; to I Fakalafalafa, «?. To make flat, 
» a sail ; to rig a canoe; to to flatten. 

Fakalafi, 'i v. To hide, to 
Fakalafilafl,/ shield, to take 

shelter under. 
Fakalaga, 'i v. To transplants 
Fakalagalaga,/ to raise up, to 
originate, to cause, to begin,, 
to stir up. 
Fakalagilagi, v. To honour, ta 
dignify ; to treat with great 
Fakalago, t?. To bring or entice 

Fakalagolago, r. To raise to a 
level ; to put one thing upon 
olao, r. To finish off work* , or across another to raise it. 

gerate in reporting 
\, V. To expose to the 
to bask in the sun. 
aijiamelie, v. The endur- 
nconveniences in the way 
)taining an object, 
alaa, v. To warm in the 

i, V. To flatter, to cajole, 
i, s. Flattery, adulation, 
ifano, V. To go about 
jring from one to another, 
ilai, V. To break up into 
^s, to mash. 



iPakalahe, \ r. To gtrike so 

Fakalahelahe,i as to powder, 
but not break a stone ; to ne- 
glect anointing the head with 
oil ; to smear with lime. 

Fakalahi, r. To increase, to 
augment, to enlarge. 

Fakalahi, s. Increase, addition. 

Fakalahilahi, v. To increase in 
a small degree. 



pass oih 

Fakalaka, ^ 

Fakalakalaka,/ hand over; to 
cause to pass over ; to pass 
others till you come to the 
right person. 

Fakalakilaki, v. To exhibit, to 
make a shew of. 

Fakalakaga, v. To do at the 
proper and appointed time. 

Fakalala, v. To desert, to leave, 
to vacate ; to cause to be 
deserted ; to empty a place of 
' its inhabitants ; to lay waste. 

Fakalalafa, v. To make flat, to 

Fakalalafu, v. To set or plant 
the same ground for two 
successive years. 

Fakalalaga, v. To beg or cause 
others to lalaga, 

Fakalalago, v. See FakaUzgolago . 

Fakalalahi, v. To be on the in- 

Fakalalata, v. To tame, to do- 

Fakalalateliga, v. To excite ex- 

Fakalalo, s. An intercessor. 

Fakalaloa, v. To intercede. 

Fakalamilami, «?. To be ashamed; 
to be bashful ; to secret. 

Fakalanu, v. To wash off salt 
water with fresh. ! 

Fakalanu, *. Antidote ; any thing ! 
which prevents the effects of i 
what was designed to bring 
about death. 
F'aJcaJata, \ v. To cause a 
J'akalatalata, J liking to a place ; 


to make one loath to leave ft 

Fakalatajino, a. Agreeable to 

the body, but not to the mindj 

as a place. 
Fakalava, v. To lie longways. 
Fakalavalava, ad. Athwart^ 

Fakalavanoa, t?. To get to do by 

chance or accident. 
Fakalavanoa, s. Chance, accident; 
Fakalave, v. To steer oflT the 

wind ; to relieve from a con- 
fined position ; to let free ; to 

twist ur insinuate. * 

Fakalavelave, v. To do at a 

venture ; to try it on. 
Fakalavekaha, s. One who de- 
livers others from disgrace or 

Fakalavetala, v. To win over to 

conversation ; to gain upon 

with the tongue. 
Fakalea, t?. To cause to talk ; 

to speak to one, to ascertain 

if he can speak. 
Fakaleeleegu, r. To speak with 

reserve or sullenly. 
Fakaleo, s. One appointed as 

overseer or watchman. 
Fakaleoheu, v. To speak with 

an assumed voice. 
Fakaleoleo, v. To look after, to 

Fakaleoleogu, v. To speak 

sullenly, to mutter. 
Fakaleoleomalie, v. To be carie- 

lessly indulgent ; to speak 

Fakaleua, t?. To cause to trip 

or stumble. 
Fakalebelebe, r. To bring and 

keep the vessel into the eye 

of the wind. 
Fakaleke, ^ v. To divide off 
Fakalekeleke, / into apartments ; 

to form an enclosure, to make. 

any thing with a very uneven 




Fakalekejiy ^ v. To be car6- 
Fakalekelekejiy/ ful of and 

attentiTe to. 
Fakalekeji, ^ a. Frail, feeble, 
Fakalekelekeji, / easily broken. 
Fakalele, s. The dysentery. 
Fakalele, a. Purging. 
Fakalele, v. To amuse by flying 

birds; to fly a kite; to set 

others to run. 
Fakalelea, v. To send adrift upon 

the sea. 
Fakalelei, s. A peacemaker, re- 
conciliation, pacification. 
Fakalelei, v. To pacify, to make 

peace, to reconcile. 
Fakalelefaa, v. To disencumber 

trees of what opposes their 

K>wth ; to prune, 
lelehama, v. To sail a canoe 

with the outrigger out of the 

Fakalelelelei, atL Carefully, cau« 

Fakalelemoa, i v. To surprise, 
Fakalelemoui,/ to astound; to 

make one's life to run. 
Fakalelemoui, a. Amazing, won- 
derful, astonishing. 
Fakalelu, 1 v. To throw aside, 
Fakalelui,/ to waste, to be 

careless about. 
Fakalelulelu, r. To divert the 

mind; to withdraw the mind 

from any object. 
Fakaleta, v. To put in confusion. 
Fakaleveleva, v. To extend to all ; 

to cover all space ; to engross 

the whole. 
Fakaleveleva, a. Universal, over 

FakaK, 'i v. To hasten ; to urge 
Fakalili,/ others to be quick. 
Fakalielia, a. Disgusting, filihy, 

detestable, abominable. 
Fakalielia, s. An abomination. 
Fakalielie, v. To be disgusted. 
Fakaliu, v. To hallow out a tree, 

as in maiing paddling canoes. 


Fakaliuivaka, a. Uneven, full of 

holes, as a road. 
Fakalifulifu, v. To shiver; to 

shudder with cold. 
Fakalika, v. To make known for 

the first time ; to introduce, as 

a tune. 
Fakalikiliki, r. To be advancing 

or progressing. 
Fakalikoliko, v. To do by halves; 

to do partially. 
Fakalili, s. A preparation of food. 
Fakalili, v. To make to boil ; to 

irritate ; to grin at. 
Fakalili, v. To hasten; to wish 

to be gone. 
Fakalilia, s. To be sick of, to 

loathe, to abhor. 
Fakaliliaki, t;. To cast away, to 

Fakaliliu, v. To put right before 

the wind. 
Fakalilifa, a. Gradually descend- 
ing, sloping. 
Fakalilifu, t?. To horrify; to 

excite fear.. 
Fakaliligo, a. Bad in appearance, 

Fakalilika, «?. To terrify ; to 

excite painful apprehensions. 
Fakalilo, \ «?. To hide, to 
Fakalilolilo, J secrete, to con- 
ceal ; to be concealed. 
Fakalimu, t?. To entice fish into 

a trap with the limu. 
Fakaloia, r. To cause a feeling 

of sickness, as in eating fat. 
Fakalooa, v. To place apross. 

See Looa, 
Fakaloufatuha, a. Aspiring, am- 

Fakaloufujimata, v. To serve 

upon a raw leaf of the banana 

(a mark of distinction.) 
Fakalouhiimofiji, v. To take 
hold of with one or two fingers 
only, as if afraid ; to take hold 
of fantastically. 
Fakalouloua, «. To «V3J^\ \.o 



- appear as }f displeased ; to be 

overcast with clouds. 
Fakaloba, v. To delay ; to be a 

long time about. 
Fakalobelobe, v. To mix; to 

cause to work. 
Fakalofa^ v. To swing round by 

the arm. 
Fakalogoaa, v. To cause a noise; 

to make an uproar. 
Fakalogo, "i v. To cease 
Fakalogologo, J makinganoisei 

to be quiet. 
Fakalogologo^ a. Quiet, not 

loquacious; sullen. 
Fakalogofua, s. The cackling of 

a fowl about to lay. 
Fakalogonoa, v. To drop; to drop 

through ; to come to nothing. 
Fakalohiaki, ^ v. To belie, to 
Fakalohiekina,/ calumniate. 
Fakaloki, t?. See Fahalehe. 
Fakalokuheji, v. To paint the 

gatu lightly. 
Fakalolea, v. To press, to urge 

on ; to persevere in any work. 
Fakalolo, r* To oil, to mix with 

oil ; to yield, to give up the 

Fakalolo, a. Used to express 

the state of the tide when it 

does not ebb as at other times. 
Fakalolololo, «?. To oil, to grease; 

to smear or dirt with any 

Fakaloloa, t?. To lenghten out, 

to extend, to spare. 
Fakalologo, v. To cease to talk; 

to be quiet, applied to more 

than one. 
Fakaloloto, r. To deepen, to 

make deep. 
Fakalona, v. To cause hiccup. 
Fakaloto, v. To think; to act 

worthy a man. 
Fakalotoloto, v. To place in the 

middle; to put between the 

£rst and last; to let the sail 
partly down. 


Fakalotoloto, a. DiflScult ta 
appease; unforgiving. 

FakalotUy v. To convert ; to 
cause to lotu, 

Fakalotu, ad. Agreeably to the 

Fakalua, 9. To cause nausea, 
to sicken ; to think too highly 
of one's self. 

Fakalua, a. Nauseous. 

Fakalue, *! 9. To jog along, 

Fakalueaibe,/ applied to old 
persons; to rock or roll as a 

Fakaluo, 1 9. To make hole* 

Fakaluoluo,/ or pits. 

Fakaiube, 1 v. To sprinff ai 

Fakalubelube,/ any thing elas- 
tic ; to shake. 

Fakalusa, v. To relax in attention 
to ; to disregard ; to slacken. 

Fakalutu, \ v. To have a 

Fakalutulutu,/ different object 
in view to that upon which ve 
appear bent ; to assume care- 
lessness about that which we 
really wish ; to under value 
the property of another, wish- 
ing to get it. 

Fakama, t?. To shame, to make 
ashamed ; to feel ashamed* 

Fakama, a. Bashful, modest. 

Fakama, s. Shame, modesty. 

Fakamaa, v. To cleanse, to 

Fakamaa, parL Cleansed, puri- 

Fakamaa, s. Expurgation, purifi- 

Fakamaau, v. To make known, 
to tell, to rehearse. 

Fakamaagataha, v. To make one 
mouthful of it. 

Fakamaalaala, v» To free from; 
to clear away obstructions. 

Fakamaali, v. To shoot or flit 

Fakamaamaa, r. To lighten; ta 
lend a Vie\^\xv^ Wud* 



Aiktfmaainaaniinay #• A feast on 

the completion of work. 
Fakamaanu, ^ r* To cause to 
Fakamaanuanu, I float; to raise 

from onder the water, so as to 

Fakamae, 9. To dry or wither 

in the sun. 
Fakamaea, v. To furnish ropes. 
Fakamaefuy r. To make a dust ; 
• to cause dust to fly about. 
Fakamaifa, v. To draw in; to 

contract the stomach. 
Fakamaili, r. To flit to and fro. 
Fakamaimoa, i r. To play, 
Fakamaimaimoa,/ to trifle. 
Fakamaitoa, v. To express plea* 

sure at other*s misfortunes. 
Fakamaobo, v. To shut, as a 

Fakamaoboobo, v. To collect, 
■ to bring together. 
Fakamaoluga, v. To make liigh. 
Fakamaomaoganoa, v. To con- 
template; to think seriously 

and alone ; to cause others to 

be inattentive in order to fall 

suddenly upon them. 
Fakamaomaoganoa, v. To seclude 

one's self; to prefer solitude. 
Fakamaonioni, v. To make 

Fakamau, 9. To judge, to put 

in order. 
Fakamau, s. A judge. 
Fakamau, a. Full; up to the 

mark, as the tide. 
Fakamau, v. To make firm, to 

estabUsh, to fasten ; to cause 

to stand ; to marry. 
Fakamauaibe, «?. To keep on at 

the old thing. 
Fakamauaga,"! s. The place of 
Fakamauga, / judgment, a 

judgment seat ; the test, the 

touch stone. 
Fakamauga, v. To be frequently 

and regularly in the same 

piacej or doing the same thing. 


Fkkamaakabu, $. Asing^dress 
of native cloth; breadth of 
any thing. 
Fakamaukubu, e. To cut up 

into single dresses. 
Fakamaulalo, v. To make low. 
Fakamaumau, v. To restrain, to 

repress, to keep in. 
Fakamaumaugataa, a. Difficult 

to restrain or repress. 
Fakamaumaugofua, a. Easy to 

repress or keep in. 
Fakamaumea, v. To enrich, to 

make rich. 
Fakamabee, r. To throw down ; 

to bear ofi*; to over awe. 
Fakamabelu, v. To fold up ; to 

draw up the legs. 
Fakamabuna, v. To raise up ; 

to bring again to view. 
Fakamabuni, v. To shut up, to 

Fakamafao, v. To stretch out; 

to extend to its full length. 
Fakamafahi, \ v. To open, 
Fakamafahifahi, J to split open, 

to cleave. 
Fakamafajia, v. To oppress, to 

overload, to encumber. 
Fakamafana, t?. To heat, to 

warm; to warm one's self. 
Fakamafanafatu, «?. To encourage, 

to excite by encouraging 

Fakamafatua, t?. To cause sneerz- 

Fakamafi, v. To speak designing 

intimidation ; to bully. 
Fakamafihugamalie, v. To un« 

ravel, to clear, to sift. 
Fakamafi hugatamaki, v. To en* 

tangle, to confuse, to involve. 
Fakamafili, v. To turn round ; 

to upset. 
Fakamafoki, v. To turn inside 

out, to expose. 
Fakamafola, v. To spread out. 
Fakamafu, i;. To alloyr oi^ <i^>\%^ 

to mould and ^ta^^Xxi^dk^ 



Fakfttnafua, <:^A bushor-Bhrub 
.made to decoy and take 

FaKamafue^ r. To treat care- 
lessly ; to tlvow about, as 

Fakamafuke, v. See Fakamqfoku 
Fakaniafuli, v. See FakamafiH. 
Fakamafulu, ' 9. To allow the 

beard to grow. 
Fakamaga, r. To open, to gape. 
Fakamagamaga^ i f. To 
Eakamagamagakehey/ barb, to 

jag, to make forked. 
Fakamagalogalo, v. To sink out 

of sight ; to try to forget ; to 

expel from the mind. 
Fakamagi, v. To walk with the 

garment flowing in the breeze ; 

to expose to a breeze. 
FakamagugUy f>. To make a 

champing noise with the teeth ; 

to exasperate. 
Fakamaha, «?. To empty, to 

drain, to exhaust. 
Fakamahaehae, v. To tear, to 

Fakamahagaua, a. To extend ; to 

jag out in opposite directions. 
Fakamahaki, v. To cause illness, 

to afflict. 
Fakamahalo, v. To cause to 

think ; to impose upon one's 

own mind ; to deceive one's self. 
Fakamahahihaki, v. To shred ; 

to cut with a flawed instrument ; 

to rag in cutting. 
Fakamahamahaki, v. To cause 

Fakamahefu, v. To go dirty and 

in rags ; to be careless of the 

Fakamahckiheki, e?. To strut 

along in walking. 
Fakamahele, v. To cut in two ; 

to stripe with lines of different 

J^MkAmahew, p. To accustom, 
tQ habituate. 


Fakamahi, v. To souTi to mzkt 

acid ; to dress after the Fejee 

Fakamahiki, v. To go looking 

Fakamahina, a. Monthly. 
Fakamahino, v. To speak dia- 

tinctly and intelligibly* 
Fakamahu, v. To enrich; to 

cause fertility ; to make fruits 

ful; to assume abundance, 

but in reality poor. 
Fakamahu, v. To speak piercing 

Fakamahuahu, r. To gall, to 

fret, to tease, to vex, to pro- 
Fakamahui, a* Shy, unfriendly, 

austere, gruffl 
Fakamahui, v. To coy, to despise, 

to estrange ; to separate. 
Fakamahui, s. Sullenness, reservet 

Fakamahuiga, \ e. To aa- 

Fakamahumahuiga, I sume, to 

arrogate, to take upon one's 

Fakamahuihui, v. To withdraw, 

to separate. 
Fakamahuohua, v* To fill to 

Fakamahuhuhuhu, v. To pierce; 

to prick with any thing pointed. 
Fakamahunu, v. To singe, to 

broil, to blight. 
Fakamafuke, v. To expose; to 

shew what was concealed* 
Fakamajila, v. To sharpen, to 

Fakamajilijili, v. To flaw; to 

break the edge of any tool. 
Fakamajiva, v. To impoverish, 

to make poor. 
Fakamtajivejiva, v. To assume 

Fakamaka, v. To supply with 

Fakamakau, a. Lazy, indolent, 




Fakamakabe, v. To turn over ; 

to remind of old grieTances. 
Fakamakaka^ v. To harden, to 

Fakamakamaka, 9.T0 make atony. 
Fakamakata, v. To throw or 

sling stones. 
Fakamakata, s, A stinger; one 

who uses the sling in war. 
Fakamakateka, v. To roll to and 

fro, to be imstable. 
Fakamakatuu, o. To stand firm. 
Fakamakeke, v. To stiffen, to 

warp, to contract. 
Fakamakoko, v. To indent, to 

press so as to cause an unequal 


Fakamakona, 9. To satisfy with 

Fakamakukaga, a. Careful, par- 

Fakamakukaga, v. To be care- 
ful ; to act prudently. 

Fakamakuku, v. To make a 
bustling noise, as one dressed 
in new gatu. 

Fakamakulu, ^ u. To crouch ; 

Fakamakulukulu,/ to abscond 
from work. 

Fakamalaelae, *. An open space 
resembling a malae. 

Fakamalaelae, v. To free a place 
from trees, &c. for a malae^ 

Fakamalaia, v. To curse, to 
anathematize, to cause a curse. 

Fakamalaga, s. A name given to 
the god of a mother, supposed 
to be kind ; an intercessor. 

Fakamalaga, v. To intercede, 
to advocate ; to disturb birds. 

Fakamalagameitua, v. To origi- 
nate from outside ; to spring 
from the poor people. 

Fakamalagolago, v. To build a 
canoe so as stem and stern to 
be above the water when 

Fakamalakilaki, v. To preserve 
in bealtb. 


Falcamalala^ 9. To bom to a 
coke or a cinder. 

Fakamalalilali^ v. To scratch ; 
to make rough. 

Fakamalama, r. To cause to 
flame ; to make to shine. 

Fakamalamala, ^. The overplus 
of wood in building a canoe, 
claimed by the carpenter. 

Fakamalave, v. To lift into sight; 
to raise above the rest. 

Fakamalea, v. To tread 'or beat . 
down the grass ; to allow the 
hair to grow downwards. 

Fakamaleifua, f . To make com- 
fortable by washing, &c. 

Fakamalele, 9. The finishing 
feast after a funeral. 

Fakamalele, r. To set the hair 
of the head erect. 

Fakamalelelele, v. To put into a 
dangerous position ; to be in 
danger of tailing. 

Fakamaleletuu, v. To assemble 
for work, yet not do it, or do, 
it badly, because it is the 
work of every body. 

Fakamalena, ) r. To make 

Fakamelenelena, i smooth ; to. 
pull out of creases. 

Fakamalie, v. To express plea- 
sure. See maUe. 

Fakamaliga, v. To use every 
means to win the affections,^ 
as one in love. 

Fakamaligakaka, 9. To do with 
a design to please, but which 
produces the contrary effect. 

Fakamaligakehe, v. To act in- 
consistent with one who desires 
to please the other sex. 

Fakamaligi, r. To pour out, to 

Fakamalo, p. To praise, to 

Fakamaloulau, v. To take food 
out of the oven as soon a^ 
cooked, \iie oy^o^ft^^^ loka- 



FaliamKlofa, «. To epnad out. 
Fakunialohi, r. To strengthen, 

to support; to extort, to take 

by force. 
Fakamalolii, t. Ertortion, op- 
pression, <^omf)llision. 
Fakamalohi, a. Oppressive, cruel. 
Fakamaloliia. v. To oppress, to 

overcome by force. 
Fakamalolo, r. To rest, to relicre. 
Fakamalolo, p. To bow down; 

to appear humble ; to give in. 
Fakamalolo, «. The act of yield- 
ing to another. 
Fakamaloloaga, «. A resting 

Ffucamalu, t. A shade, an um- 
Fakamalu, \ «. To screen, to 
Fakamalui,/ shade. 
Fakam^ilu, V. To slacken; to 

relieve from pain. 
Fakaiiiiilu V. To bathe, applied 

to the Tuitoga. 
Fakaiiiahialoi, v. To act the 

Fakamaluaiu, v. To tear in 

fihreds, to shred up. 
Fakamalu 111, e. To damp, to 

sollen in water. 
Fakamalumalu, v. To shelter, 

to screen. 
Fakaniama, V. To enlighten. 
Fakamama, a. Worldly. 
Fakamama, v. To feel ashamed, 

to manifest shame. 
Fakamama, \ v. To aim at in- 
Fukamam:ii,f titnidation;totry 

to afiright. 
Fakamamaaga, v. To stuff the 

mouth with Tood. 
Fakamamae, v. To tike; t» 

feel unwilling to part with. 
Fakamamai, c. To cause to leak. 
Faknmamao, V. To put fax away; 

to cause distance; to stare 

about or yawn. 
^Mkamamau, p. Toga^d, to look 
CMToeMdy at, 



Fakamamahu, v. To whliHe ; 

to make a whistling ni^ 

through the nose. 
Fakamamafa, e. To make heaTy ; 

to treat as of vast importance. 
Fakamamagi.i, t'. To dasile; to 

611 with light. 
Fakamamafihugakehe, f. To act 

contrjry to the generality; to 

be singular. 
Fakamamalia, ». To cstcli shell 

fish from the rocks at low 

Fakamamahi, «. To pain, to 

F^(k^iniamalii,(i. Painful, gnevous* 
Fukamamaloa, v. To keep a 

light long in burning. 
Fakiimamalu, V. To feel afraid; 

to be overawed. 
Fakainaniata, ». Eye service. 
Fakamamata, F. To act wishing 

to be observed. 
Fjikamamate, r. To swamp or 

upset a canoe ; to benumb. 
Fakamamio, v. To saunterabout. 
Fakamana,^. Intimidation, terror, 

the act of intimidating. 
Fakamanaia, v. T& use means 

to engage the attention of the 

female sex. 
Fakamanako, v. To beget a 

liking to. 
Fukamananiana, «. See Faktt' 

Fakamanatu, ». To cause to 

Fakamanatu, s. A remembrancer. 
Fakamanamanatu, p. See Fako' 

Fakamanava, v. To let air into ; 

to allow to breathe; to be 

careful of. 
Fakamanavafaji, v. To weaken; 

to break Uie manava by 

Fakamanavahe, i o. To cause 
Fakamanavahei,/ fear, tO' as- 

tonub, to tat^nift, te viie. 



FakamanaYahe, a. Astonithing, 

admirable, awfuL 
Fakamanavajii, v. To discourage, 

to daunt, to dispirit. 
Fakamanavalahi, i;. To encourage, 

to hearten. 
Fakamaneke, v. To push or 
project forwards, the stomach. 
Faicamanekeneke, v. To push 

or project out, the buttocks. 
Fakamanifi, i v. To thin, to 
Fakamanifinifi,/ make thin; to 

reduce any thing thick. 
Fakamanimani, «?• To play the 
lover ; to act with a design to 
gain the affections. 
Fakamanimo, v. To take any 
thing secretly ; to steal by the 
sly; to put out of sight. 
Fakumaninia, r. To set the teeth 

on edge. 
Fakamanoo, f. To tighten in 
the waist, or round the middle 
of any thing; to draw up. 
Fakamanogi, v» To make a 

sweet odour. 
Fa^M^manu, v. To act like a 

F^kamanuka, s. One kind of 

Tonga house. 
Fakamanuki, ^ f?. To deride, 

Fakamanumanuki,/ to treat 
with contempt, to taunt, to 
Fakamanumi, ^ r. To crimp, 
Fakamanuminumi,/ to pucker, 
to crease, to double up care- 
Fakamasanisani, v. To make 

smart or showy. 
Fakamasima, v* To salt ; to 

cure with salt. 
Fakamata, 0. To sharpen, to 

Fakamataila, v. To harden, to 

make callous. 
Fakamataita, v. To exhibit an 
-Angry face; to look displeased. 
Fakasuitsir^ r« To accustom^ to 


habituate; to do frequently; 

to do cleverly ; to go to tne 

right hand. 
Fakamatautukehekehe, r. To 

act independently one of 

another ; to make different 

statements in reference to one 

and the same thing. 
Fakamataba, v. To make an 

entrance or door way ; to put 

in a door or gate. 
Fakamatababa, r. To stand close 

together ; to arrange in rows ; 

to front. 
F&kamataboto, v. To look sharp; 

to be quick sighted. 
Fakamatabule, v. To act the 

matabule or gentleman. 
Fakamatafa, v. To divide into 

four equal numbers. 
Fakamatafatu, r. Incorrigible, 

Fakamataga, r. To unloose; to 

separate by force. 
Fakamalagaa, v. To shame, to 

Fakamatagi, v. To wait for a 

fair wind. 
Fakamatagigataa, v. To be dif-^ 

ficult to go to or come from, 

owing t<> the position of the 

^ place with the prevailing winds. 

Fakamatahoa, v. To shame, to 

put to the blush. 
Fakamataka, v. To peel, to ex- 
coriate, to rub off. 
Fakamataki, r. To draw out of 

creases ; to stretch out to its 

full length and breadth. 
Fakamatala, v. To rehearse, to 

explain, to enlarge upon, to 

open out. 
Fakamatala, s. An account, an 

Fakamatalea, r. To make the 

eyes sore. 
Fakamatalili, r. To exasperate^ 

to provoke. 
FakamataimataVMV^?L^ s. k^v| 



of children ; one kind of reed- 
Fakamatanikolo^ r. To make 

like the front of a fort. 
Fakamatatoa, v. To look bold 

and impudent. 
Fakamatavalea, v. To act as one 

dull of sight. 
Fakamate, v. To cause death, 

to poison. 
Fakamate, a. Poisonous, deadly. 
Fakaniate, s. Poison ; the cause 

of death. 
Fakamateke, t?. To push out; 

to draw up as a bow. 
Fakamatele, i r. To cut, to 
Fakamateletele,/ shave ; to 

skim the surface, as a swift 

Fakamatemate, v. To make less 

ardent; to appear as if weaken- 
ed ; to subside. 
Fakamatemateoji, v. To express 

the utmost surprise. 
Fakamatoato, ad. Heartily, ear- 
Fakamatolu, i r. To make 
Fakamatolutolu,/ thick. 
Fakamatojitoji, v. To peck ; to 

stock with a pointed instrument. 
Fakamatua, «?• To sit in a certain 

Fakamatuotua, r. To allow to 

grow ripe ; to act manly. 
Fakamatuutamaki, v. To leave 

any thing damp or wet, so as 

to occasion its rotting. 
. Fakamatukutuku, r. To desert, 

to leave, to separate from. 
Fakamatutu, r. To think and 

speak of old grievances. 
Fakamava, r. To separate, to 

cause a separation ; to wean 

from the breast. 
Fakamavaevae, v. To separate. 
Fakamavahe, t?. To disunite, to 

divorce, to extract. 
I^skamavaherahe, v. To separate, 
to divide, to portion out. 


Fakamaveuveu, v. To disturb, 
to disquiet, to confuse. 

Fakamaveuveu, s. An agitator, 
a disturber. 

Fakameaa, a. Ingenious, clever; 
the tools of such an one. 

Fakameaa, v. To handle; to 
prepare what is for chiefs. 

Fakameavale, v. To act meanly; 
to treat others meanly ; to 

Fakameomeo, r. To look sullen 
and displeased. 

Fakamele, e?* To mar, to injure. 

Fakamelemele, v. To defame, to 

Fakamelemo, r. To drown, to 
expose to drowning. 

Fakamelie, «. To sweeten, to 

Fakamelino, t?. To act in a war- 
like manner during a time of 
peace ; to kill or enslave all on 
a sudden; to perpetuate peace. 

Fakamelo, r. To brown by 
placing in the sun. 

Fakamelomelo, s. A harbinger, 
a precursor, forerunner. 

Fakamioi, v. To twist, to contort, 
to equivocate. 

Fakamigimigi, a. Confused ; en- 
tangled, disorderly. 

Fakamiha, ) «?. To dry, to 

Fakamihemiha,/ scorch in the 

Fakamiji, r. To dream ; to cause 
to dream. 

Fakamiloha, ^ r. To saunter, 

Fakamilohi, > twist, and turn 

Fakamimilohi, J about. 

Fakamoe, s. A friendly feast. 

Fakamoemoe, v. To expect, to 
prepare for. 

Fakamoi, v. To command others 
to do that which the party or- 
dering does not like to do. 

Fakamoimoi, s. A token of. 
friendship; a love token to 
one at a diatatice. 



Fakamoomooni^ 9. Toassert, to 

FaScamoomooniy s. Affirmation^ 

Fakamooni, s. A witness^ a 

deponent; fulfilment. 
Fakamooniy r. To witness, to 

fulfil, to corroborate. 
Fakamou, o. To overburden a 

Fakamoua, v* To engage; to 

employ in any work. 
Fakamoui, s, A saviour, a healer. 
FJkamoui, v. To save; to give 

and to restore life ; to heal. 
Fakamouga^ v. To raise a 

mound ; to raise difficulties. 
Fakamoulaloa, v. To overcome, 

to subject, to reduce to sub- 
mission, to put down. 
Fakamoumousaa, v. To go dirty; 

to appear in filth. 
Fakamounu, r. To bait. 
Fakamofi, v. To create fever; 

to make afraid. 
Fakamofiji, ^ r. To exhibit 
Fakamofijifiji,/ signs of anger 

in the movement of the eye- 
Fakamofiitofuta, r. To go stately 

and pompously. 
Fakamogumagu, r. To scab over; 

to allow to scab over. 
Fakamohe, v. To get to sleep, 

to cause sleep. 
Fakamohe, a. Narcotick, caus- 
ing sleep. 
Fakamohemeiulu, v. To impend ; 

to be at hand, so as to cause 

Fakamohemohe, r. To get to 

sleep by lying by one, as a 

Fakamoho, \ v. To cook 

Fakamohomoho, / thoroughly ; 

to hasten the cooking of food. 
Fakamohuga, ) v. To be in 

Fakamohumohu^a^ ) detached 

paths; to make many of what 


would be best in one; to go 

or come many times about 

what might have been done at 

Fakamoka, v. To slacken so as 

to curve. 
Fakamokimokit, r. To separate 

into small divisions. 
Fakamokojia, r. To make cold. 
Fakamokomoko, v. To cool, to 

seek the cool. 
Fakamokulu, v. To let fall, to 

shed ; to allow to fall to pieces. 
Fakamolemole, v. To rub out ; 

to smooth off; to pardon. 
Fakamolemole, s. The act of 

smoothing off ; forgiveness^ 

FaKamolimolituu, v. To stand 

restless to be going. 
Fakamolokau, a. Like a centi* 

Fakamolu, f. To soften. 
Fakamolu, s. Inteneration, the 

act of softening. 
Fakamolumalu, v. To cover ; to 

put a good appearance on any 

Fakamomo, v. To crumb; to 

break up into crumbs. 
Fakamomoa, v. To dry. 
Fakamomoatea, v. To cry and 

mourn as for one dead who is 

still alive. 
Fakamomoiki, v. To mince; to 

chop or cut any thing very 

Fakamomoho, v. To ripen, to 

Fakamomoho, s. Bananas made 

Fakamomoji, v. To crumb, to 

break small, to pulverize. 
Fakamomoko, v. To make cold. 
Fakamomomomoiki, v. See Faka^ 

Fakamona, \ v. To proceed 

Fakamouomona,) di^^^x^Xj^^ 

and careCuW^ Va «w^ -^o^* 



Fakamoniiy s» The act of apply- 1 
ing any present to the forehead ; 
an act of thanksgiving. 

Fakamonuia, r. To bless^ to 
make a blessing. 

Fakamonuka, v. To wound, 
applied to chiefs. 

Fakamonumonuka, v. To .rot, 
to decay ; to cause decay or 

Fakamotu, r. To visit islands to 
catch fish ; to cut off; to ter- 

Fakamotua, i , a. Manly, 

Fakamotumotua, / manlike^ be- 
coming an adult. 

Fakamotua, i 9. To act the 

Fakamotumotua, / man ; to make 
old; to give the appearance 
of age. 

Fakamotuatagata, a. Manly. 

Fakamotuatagata, v» To act like 
a man. 

Fakamotuhi, v. See Fakamotu, 

Fakamotumotu, r. To dress in 
sackcloth; to dress with old 
ragged mats; to break off 
connection, to separate from. 

Fakamovete, "i r. To loose, 

Fakamovetevete,) to untie, to 

Fakamoveve, a. Easily angry 
and angry always. 

Fakamua, r. To act the gentle- 

Fakamuaki, v. To go first, to 

Fakamui, a. Last, latest. 

Fakamui, v. To follow all the 
rest, to be last. 

Fakamuia, v. To keep in view 

' a promise ; to follow, to pur- 

Fakamuiaki, v. To go last; to 
follow all the rest. 

Fakamuifonua, s, A certain mode 
of making the kava» 
^Mkamuikovi, v. To make a bad 


Fakamuimui, a. Unmanly, youth- 

Fakamuimui, v» To close up; 
to finish off; to bring up the 

Fakamuitau, a. Whorish, applied 
to females. 

Fakamuomua, r. To cause to go 
before ; to cause to lead the 

Fakamuomuanima, r. To touch 
or put the hand to any thing 
with apparent unwillingness. 

Fakamuka, r. To cause to bud; 
to cause to spring and grow. 

Fakamulimuli, r. To act as a 
stranger or sojourner. 

Fakamulituku, 1;. To finish for 
the time being ; to bring to an 

Fakamulumului, 9. To rub, to 
fray, to break the skin. 

Fakamumu, v. To bring together 
by swarms, as flies ; to entice 

Fakamumuhu, v. Rough insound, 
like the howling wind. 

Fakamuna, r. To dote. 

Fakana, 'i v. To stand; to 

Fakanana,/ halt, as in sus- 
pense; to falter; to proceed 

Fakanaanaa, v. To quiet children 
when crying; to hush^ to 

Fakanainai, 9. To be over of- 
ficious in exhorting ; to hinder 
rather than forward by talking 
too much. 

Fakanainaii, v. To be over 
careful of any one ; to pet ; to 
indulge foolishly. 

Fakanaunau, v. To speak and 
hope of what is to come ; to 
feel pleasure in expectation of 

Fakanabikoa, 9. To be attracted; 
to be influenced, to be engrosA* 



Fakanafajia, 9. To go to one in 
the character of an antagonist. 

Fakanafafaki, v. To expect, to 
look out for. 

Fakanamua, > v. To cause a 

Fakanamuku,/ stink; to give 
any thing a bad smell. 

Fakananamu, e. To tmell, to 
apply to the nose. 

Faaananivi, s. Affectation. 

Fakananivi, v. To be trifling, to 
be childish. 

Fakanatu, v. To say the same 
thing over and over, as in 
kneading the motion is repeat- 

Fakanavau, s, A distinguishing 
mark, fastened to any part of 
the animal's body. 

Fakaneifua, v. To eat fruit or 
something nice after a meal. 

Fakaneke, v. To rise heavily, 
as one in pain. 

Fakanekcneka, v. To cause joy 
and rejoicing. 

Fakanenefu, v. To cause dim- 
ness of sight. 

Fakaniu, s. A preparation of 
Tonga bread. 

Fakanifo, v. To indent, to scoop 

Fakanijiniji, v. To shew off, as 
a vain woman on the appearance 
of the other sex. 

Fakanikonikoi, v. To variegate, 
to diversify. 

Fakanimaboto, v. To work clever- 

Fakanimarvale, r. To work awk- 
wardly or clumsily. 

Fakaninimo, v. To cause giddi* 

Fi^kanoa, 9. To be silent, to re- 
frain from speaking; to dumb- 

Fakanoaloto, v. To turn over in 
the mind. 


Fakanoatiiu, «. Mental perturbai- 

Fakanonoa, 9. To gaze vaguely, 

to stare about; to appear 

thoughtful; to be silent, not 

knowing what to say, as the 

guilty when accused ; to veer 

about, as the wind. 
Fakanoi, 9. To press, to urge, 

to incite. 
Fakanounou, e. To shorten, to 

abridge, to abbreviate. 
Fakanofo, 9. To appoint, to in- 
augurate, to espouse ; to affy, 

to consecrate. 
Fakanofo, ^. Coronation, the 

act of inaugurating, nomi- 
Fakanofonofo, 9. To call persons 

to their proper seats in the 

kava party ; to teach a baby to 

sit up. 
Fakanoko, 9. To bulge out as 

the hip. See Noko. 
Fakanukuatea, «. A heathen 

Fakanuminumi, 9. To crease. 
Fakanunu, 9. To occasion, to 

be the cause of. 
Fakanunumala, 9. To provoke 

a curse, to cause a curse. 
Fakasabi, 9. To make wry faces. 
Fakasakesake, s. Pride, vanity. 
Fakasakesake, a. Vain, proud. 
Fakasala, 9. To inform, to 

acquaint, (a war term.) 
Fakasani, 1 9. To pet, to 
Fakasanisani,) make much of; 

to adorn, to embellish. 
Fakasanisani, a. Smart, showy. 
Fakasanisani, s. Embellishment, 

Fakaseesee, 9. To drive away. 
Fakasesele, 9. To act as one 

silly or witless. 
Fakasikisiki, 9. To call warriors 

out of their hiding place. 
Fakasogesoge, 9. To complain 

least any one %\3lo>A^\^%« 



Fakasovini, v. To ooze out with 
a hissing noise. 

Fakatfty v. To put the ends to a 
Tonga house. 

Fakataahine, a. Virgin-like; be- 
coming young girls. 

Fakataahine, v. To act like a 
maid ; to do what is becoming 

Fakataane, s. The sitting pos- 
ture of the Tonga men. 

Fakataane, r. To sit with the 
legs folded under the body. 

Fakataataa^ r. To stain with 
blood, applied to chiefs. 

Fakatae, i r. To take off, to 

Fakataetae,/ carry away. 

Fakatae, r. To cause a cough, 
to cause to cough. 

Fakataeaoga, v. To render use- 
less or unprofitable; to dis- 

Fakataeofa, t?. To act as one 
without love or natural af- 

Fakataehougai, r. To assume in- 
dependency when presented 
with any thing. 

Fakataelata, r. To cause dislike 
to a place. 

Fakataele, v. To lieave. 

Fakataetae, v. To regret; to 
feel sorrow for what is irre- 

Fakataetae, v. To expectorate. 

Fakataetaekuha, v. To act at 
random ; to treat as worthless 
or insignificant. 

Fakatai, v. To season with salt 

. or salt water. 

Fakataili, v. To go to and fro, 
to go and come. 

Fakataimoa, i r. To work 

Fakataitaimoa,) carelessly; to 
treat as of no value. 

Fakataomamao, v. To keep at a 

JRakstaotao, v. To cover or 

ponceal with other thman* 

78 * 

Fakataovala, r. To put on i 
another person a Taovala* ; 

Fakatau, r. To try, to make ail ^ 
attempt. ; 

Fakatau, s. A heathen song. 

Fakatau, s» Barter, cost, bargain, i 
commerce; certain pieces of 1 
wood used in the sailingcanoea. | 

Fakatau, v. To barter, to trade; j 
to bring up to the mark ; to ] 
cause to fight; to lead, to ^j 
conduct. i 

Fakatau, r. To act as a familiar; '■ 
to assume upon an acquaint- , 
ance ; to presume upon kind- 

Fakatauau, v. To swim or stand 
against the current. 

Fakatauagaa, v. To dress in 
sackcloth or old mats, as at 

Fakatauahu, r. To sit in the 
direction the smoke is blown* 

Fakatauala, v. To bring up a 
vessel to the wind ; to luff. 

Fakatauama, r. To turn the 
outrigger towards the shore, 
or another canoe, when it 
should be the body of the 

Fakatauata, a. Used when the 
moon sets as the day is break- 

Fakatauataina, r. To set free, 
to set at Uberty. 

Fakatauilea, s. Altercation, de^ 
bate, controversy, disputation. 

Fakatauilea, v. To contend, to 
dispute, to litigate, to contest. 

Fakatauuta, v. To act like 
landsmen, applied te sailors. 

Fakatauboou, a. Of or belong- 
ing to a tauboou or virgin. 

Fakataufa, v. To feel after in 
the dark. 

Fakataufaala, r. To trace out, 
to seek with care. 

Fakataufua, r. To make a good 
con8\8teiice, not thin oc watery. 



Fakataugahele, v. To walk at 

leisure, to saunter. 
Fakataugaloloa, v. To make 

long rows, as in planting. 
Fakatauganonou, v. To make 

short rows, as in planting. 
Fakataugataa, a. Costly, dear. 
Fakataugataa, v. To be difficult 

of approach. 
Fakatauhihi, v. To hint, to allude 

to, to speak indirectly. 
Fakatauhihili, v. To ask more 
in trading than the article is 
Fakataukava, v. To serve out 

the kava. 
Fakataukitua, v^ To talk of that 
which is not at hand; to pledge 
what one does not possess. 
Fakataula, v. To draw up the 
sail of a canoe ; to be on the 
wind; to sail small paddUng 
Fakataulaeiki, r. To act becom- 
ing a taulaeiku 
Fakataulalo, t?. To hang low 

near the earth. 
Fakataumafa, r. To prepare 

the food of chiefs. 
Fakataumatagi, v. To push 
through or stand in the current 
of air; to expose to the full 
force of the wind. 
Fakataumataki, t?. To embrace 
opportunities for doing any 
thing when oiie is like to get 
most by it. 
Fakataumua, a. Of or belonging 
to . the taumua, or forepart of 
a vessel. 
Fakataumuli, a. Of or belonging 
to the taumuli, or stern of a 
Fakatautau, r. To approach ; to 
bring near; to act with modera- 
Fakatautaubo, v. To feel one's 
way ; to feel after any thing, 
u one blind, 


Fakatautaufa, v. See Fakaiau* 

Fakatautaugahele, \ t. To go 

Fakatautaugamuna, J off or get 
away without being noticed. 

Fakataumamao, i v. To put 

Fakatautaumamao,/ at a dis- 
tance ; to act with reserve. 

Fakatautafa, | v. To go side- 

Fakatautautafa, ) ways. 

Fakatautala, -i %>. To tell any 

Fakatautautala,/ thing for the 
sake of getting information. 

Fakatautotolo, %>. To put off, 
to defer. 

Fakatautu, %>. To raiise one so 
as to sit upright. 

Fakatauvele, t?. To tempt. 

Fakataba, t?. To make the border 
of the gatu. 

Fakataba, \ v. To salute or 

Fakatabataba,/ command sud- 
denly ; to speak rapidly. 

Fakatabu, v. To persevere in 

Fakatabu, t?. To prohibit, to 
make sacred. 

Fakatabu, s. Consecration, de- 
dication, anointed. 

Fakatabubu, v. To talk rapidly ; 
to rehearse in quick succession. 

Fakatafa, -i t?. Togo aside; 

Fakatafatafa,J to Ue on the 
side ; to give way, to . avoid 

Fakatafaaga, a. Like a Tafaaga. 

Fakatafaaki, v. To set any thmg 
on the border of a patch of 

Fakatafagafaga, v. To clear 
away, to cut down trees and 
remove all obstructions. 

Fakatafe, s. A certain method 
of catching fish. 

Fakatafe, v. To draw or pour 
off, to distil, to drain. 

Fakatafea, v. To cause a thing 
to be carried away by the 



Fakatafiligatamakiy v. To turn 

another awkwardly. 
Fakatafoki, v. To turn; to cause 

others to turn. 
Fakatafola^ v. To scatter, to 

strew or spread, to overspread. 
Fakatafola, a. Scattered, spread 

in every direction. 
Fakatafue, ^ v. To loose; to 
Fakatafuefue,/ allow to hang 

loose and dangling, as ropes. 
Fakatafuefiie, ^ v. To live in 
Fakatafuefueloa,/ an exposed 

Fakatafuu, v. To bulge out ; to 

raise mounds. 
Fakatafuua, v. To excite astonish- 
ment and fear. 
Fakataiugofuga, v. To raise with 

earth ; to make higher. 
Fakatafuli, ) rr n 
Fakatafulifuli,/ ""- ^^ ^^"• 
Fakatafunaki, r. To blow up 

into a flame ; to increase. 
Fakataga, r. To persecute, to 

oppose, to tease; to sift, to 

filter; to chase. 
Fakataga, s. Persecution, per- 
Fakatagakaivale, r. To divide 

unfairly ; to take the best and 

leave the rest. 
Fakatagata, a. Manly, becoming 

a man. 
Fakatagata, v. To act the man. 
Fakatagataga, v. To unloose, 

to separate from. 
Fakatagatatatau, r. To wish to 

be independent ; to aim to be 

as those in higher rank. 
Fakatagato, a. Loose, not tight, 

not fast. 
Fakatagi, | v. To make or 
Fakatagihi, ( cause to cry ; to 

cry for. 
Fakatagitagi, s. To retain anger; 

to brood over evil. 
Fakatagikafa, r. To stream; to 

run in a narrow stream. 


Fakatagutu, v. To set up, as a 


Fakataha, v. To assemble, to 
meet together, to unite, to 
make one. 

Fakataha, s. An assembly, a 
meeting, a company. 

Fakataha, v. To reach a place 
in sailing without tacking. 

Fakatahakehake, s. Acclivity. 

Fakatahifohifo, s. Declivity. 

Fakatahitahi, v. To wet with 
sea water. 

Fakataji, v. To roll about; to 
be loose. 

Fakatajiba, v. To refer directly 
to the party npt addressed. 

Fakatajilo, v. To make clear 
and lucid. 

Fakataka, r. To twist, to roll; 
to turn adrift, as pigs. 

Fakatakabe, r. To impoverish. 

Fakatakafi, v. To cover ; to bind 

Fakatakaga, v. To go as the 
companion of a chief. 

Fakatakataka, s. One who 
accompanies a chief as a merri- 
ment maker; a doll, a play 

Fakatakamilo, i r. To en- 

Fakatakatakamilo, I circle, to 

Fakatakamilo, ad. About. 

FakatakatakatuUf r. To rise and 
saunter about, as one tired of 

Fakatakatua, a. Like or becom- 
ing the mean and vulgar of 
the people. 

Fakatakatuu, a. Like or becom- 
ing a young man or Tat&' 

Fakatakavale, a. Unkind, foolish. 

Fakatakavale, v» To treat unr 
kindly ; to be void of kind 
feeling towards others. 

Fakatakitaki, v. To carry sus- 
pended froxp the hand. 



Fakatakutakuleka, «. To act in 
a careless indifferent manner. 

M*.Uk} •• ■'' '«"'• . 

Fakatalagataa, v. To shew dis- 

Fakatalanoa, . v. To engage 
andther in conversation. 

Fakatalatalai, v. To separate 
from; to disentangle ; to twist 

Fakatalatubua, v. To act absurd- 
ly, as attempting to do some- 
thing great. 

Fakatalavouy v. To imitate young 

FakatalayoUy a. Of or belonging 
to young men. 

Fakatale^ 9. To cause a cough. 

Fakatali, v. To hold out; to 
extend, as the hand to receive. 

Fakatalitali, v. To hold in 
readiness, to be in waiting. 

Fakataliga, v. To hold; to keep 
in suspense, and after all fail. 

Fakataligavai, s. A place where 
rftin water is caught in vessels. 

Fakatalivai, s. A vessel for catch- 
mg rain water. 

Fakatalolo, ^ r. To subside, 

Fakatalolololo,/ to calm down. 

Fakatalutalu, v. 1\> trace down- 
wards from time past. 

Fakatama, 0. To adopt; to take 
the child of another and call it 
bne*s own ; to act boyish. 

Fakatamaioeiki, 9. To treat as 
servants ; to act as servants. 

Fakatamaiki, a. Of or belonging 
to children. 

Fakatamaimate, v. To oppress 
or treat unkindly upon the 
r death of a father. 
I Fakatamajii, \ a. Boyish, 
f fakatamatamajii,i childish, in- 
fakatamaiki, v. To trouble, to 

annoy, to deprave. 
^skMtantala^ r. To choke ; to 


suffocate, as a fire by putting 
any thing heavy or damp upon 

Fakatamanimohe, 0. To do by 
the sly; to do thinking no 
one knows. 

Fakatamatama, r. To call re- 
peatedly by the term iama. 

Fakatamatemate, 0. To subside, 
to grow less. 

Fakatamulu, v. To do Work in 
a careless way. 

Fakatane, v» To wet with kava 
the bowl in which it is made, 
in order that the kava may 
adhere to the bowl. 

Fakatanetane, v. To smooth off. 

Fakatanimo, r. To speak or act 
under a disguise or suspiciously. 

Fakatanunu, r. To speak rapid- 

Fakatata, s. Allegory, image, 

portrait, parable. 
Fakatata, 9. To allegorize, to 

speak figuratively. 
Fakatatae, v. To reach ; to feel 

for with the hand. 
Fakatatao, v. To make long. 
Fakatatao, 9. To impress upon ; 

to lay upon as a weight. 
Fakatatau, v. To make alike, to 

compare, to equalize, to con- 
Fakatatau, con. According to, 

Kke as. 
Fakatataba, v. To flutter, to 

speak rapidly. 
Fakatatajiba, v. To speak in^ 

directly or circuitously. 
Fakatatagao, 9. To go out by 

the sly. 
Fakatatagata, r. To make a 

finish, circumscribe. 
Fakatatakuane, s. Inattention, 

Fakatatali, r. To wait for. 
Fakatatavaha, s. Any thing which 

shortens the time oC IbAm^^it ^x 




Fakatatele, v. To skim along the 

surface of the water. 
Fakatateme, \ v. To flutter, 
Fakatatemeteme^i to quiver, 

to shake, to hurry. 
Fakatatu, v. To fall from side to 

side, as in therollingof a vessel. 
Fakatatube, v. To cause to 

swing, as any thing suspended 

when touched. 
Fakatavaka, v. To act like per- 
sons who are preparing to 

abscond in a canoe. 
Fakate, v. To drill, to discipline. 
Fakate, 'i «?. To run canoes ; 
Fakatete,/ to cause to swim 

or float ; to sail for pleasure ; 

to hurry, to precipitate. 
Fakatea, v. To shame, to affright, 

to turn pale. 
Fakateau, v. To make up the 

Fakateahaalai, a. Many in num- 
ber, but of little use. 
Fakateetuli, r. To gleam; to be 

nearly out, as a lamp ; (from 

the light emitted from the 

Teetuli when killed.) 
Fakateiabaa, ^ v. Askaunt ; 
Fakateiteiabaa,/ oblique, not 

Fakateiulu, v. To cut off the 

tops of the first crop of yams 

when taken up, and leave them 

with the tendrils, to produce 

a second crop. 
Fakateiteimovai, a. Weakly, 

nearly dead. 
Fakatebekia, v. To urge, to 


Fakatebuna, r. To cook much 

more than is necessary ; to lay 

or throw about in a disorderly 


Fakatefa, t?. To act childishly; 

to play off the child, in order 

^o £et something. 


Fakatefito, m. Origin, cause. 

Fakatefua, v. To assemble to- 
gether ; to make up a hundred 
in counting nuts, &c. 

Fakatefuhi, t?. To make up a 
hundred couple, or two hun- 

Fakatefuli, a. All, applied to 
things not to persons. 

Fakatega, v. To concrete, to 
grow hard. 

Fakatehitehituu, a. Restless, 
dissatisfied, on the move. 

Fakateka, v. To drive animals; 
to roll over and over ; to roll 
upon another, as the blame of 
any transaction. 

Fakatekau, v. To make up 

Fakatekefili, v. To roll, to lie 

Fakatekefili, \ a. Naked, un- 

Fakateketekefili,/ covered, dis- 

Fakatekefua, v. To shave the 

Fakatekelili, \ v. To shake ; 

Fakateketekelili, J to be strong- 
ly agitated. 

Fakateketeka, v. To keep aloof, 
to avoid approach ; also, at 

Fakateketekefua, a. Bare, stript^ 
as a vessel. 

Fakateki, i?. To cause a sudden 
quick motion of the body. 

Fakatekiteki, v. To strut, to 
walk stately. 

Fakatele, v. To fish by drawing 
the hook after the canoe ; to 
make short excursions for the 
purpose of looking out in time 
of war ; to draw out the kafa 
in lengths for making ropes. 

Fakatelefua, v. To strip, to make 

Fakateletulutulu, v. To walk 
under the heaves of a house ; 
to be neat. 



Fakatenetene, s» A nick name; 

a name used only occasionally. 
Fakatete, s, A heathen feast. 
Fakatetea, a. Whitish, applied 

to certain days when the 

weather is bad. 
Fakatetee, r. To put or push 

out, as the tongue; to burst 

Fakateteea, r. To exaggerate; 

to cause fear by exaggeration. 
Fakatetefa, v. To bring upon 

the wind in steering. 
Fakatetega, r. To pinch, to 

tickle; to squeeze with the 

I*akateteka, v. To bring near 

the wind. 
Fakatetele, v. To be on the in- 
crease ; to assume a great deal 

of pain. 
Fakateteki, v. To act modestly 

and cautiously ; to act as one 

Fakatetetete, r. To cause a 

trembling or shaking. 
Fakatetetete, a. Frightful. 
Fakato, v. To lay eggs ; to 

throw down ; to entrap birds 

by other birds of the kind ; to 

make over ; to cause to come 

Fakatoa, «?• To shew courage, 

to act courageously. 
Fakatoafa, v. To cultivate ¥^at 

was once waste land. 
Fakatoaki, v. To endure. 
Fakatoatele, v. To act or suffer 

with bravery, to exhibit for- 
Fakatoe, «?. To leave, to reserve ; 

to lay up for a future time. 
Fakatoi, v. To distil, to drop. 

to cause to fall in drops. 
Fakatoi, s. Distillation. 
Fakitoitoi, v. To distil or drop 

a few drops only. 
Fakatoitoi, v. To hide, to con- 
ceal, to cover with bed clothes. 


Fakatoohema, s. The left side. 
Fakatoohi, v. To move slowly; 

to be behind. 
Fakatoohi, a. Slow, not quick, 

Fakatoomatau, s. The right side. 
Fakatootoo, v. To make haste, 

to be quick. 
Fakatootoo, l tt . j 

Fakatootoo!,} '' *^*^**' 'P««^; 
Fakatootooga, s. Accompani- 
Fakatouato, s, A chief from 

both parents. 
Fakatou, \ ^ x^^.i 
Fakatouoji,/ ^- '^^*- 
Fakatouoloaa, i?. To worry, to 

tease ; to retain anger. 
Fakatoubikoi, v. To delay; to 

treat with unconcern. 
Fakatoubili, ^ v. To teach; 
Fakatou toubili,/ to allow to 

follow after. 
Fakatoubouli, ^ v. To go or 
Fakatoutoubouli, / come under 

cover of darkness; to keep 

aloof or out of sight. 
Fakatoufefine, s. Girls, applied 

to two only. 
Fakatoufefine, v. To compare 

the ages of females. 
Fakatoukai, v. To bear fruit at 

certain times. 
Fakatoumiloha, v. To dally, to 

Fakatoumoua, v* To hesitate, 

to halt ; to be engaged by two 

things at the same time. 
Fakatoumatau, s. Aperson^who 

can use both hands equally well. 
Fakatoumatau, a. Clever. 
Fakatoutagata, y. Boys, applied 

to two only. 
Fakatoutagata, v. To compare 

the ages of men. 
Fakatoutakalo, v. To dodge, to 

move to and fro. 
Fakatoutama^ d. To ^^1 ^"s^ ^ 

woman st\\VivuxOTi%c!KiAct«^- 



Fakatoutoumohala, v. To bring 
others into trouble by one's 
Fakatoutoumokoi, v. To trifle; 

to treat as unimportant. 
Fakatoutoumokoi. a. Trifling, 

not important. 
FakatoutoumoIotOy v. To be just 
below the surface of the water ; 
to be under water except the 
Fakatoutoumua, v. To bespeak ; 
to intimate a wish for any 
Fakatoutubulaga, v. To grow 
but slowly; to look younger 
than the person really is. 
Fakatobe, i?. To leave a lock or 
locks of hair on the head ; to 
leave Work unfinished. 
Fakatobutabu, v. To make most 

sacred, as the holy of hoUes. 
Fakatobuvae, v. To shoe, to 

cover the foot. 
Fakatofu, v. To cease blowing ; 
to die away, as the wind ; to 
smooth the surface of the 
water, by throwing oily nut 
upon it ; to include all. 
Fakatofukaehiko, v. To fall calm 

before a strong breeze. 

Fakatofutofii, a. Becoming calm. 

Fakatoga, s. A heathen song ; 

one method of casting the net 

into the sea. 

Fakatogiaki, a. Like or similar 

to a TogiakL 
Fakatohala, v. To strike or fall 

in succession. 
Fakatoho, v. To lengthen, to 

to drag on, to prolong. 
Fakatohotoho, v. To drag along, 

as a train or trail. 
Fakatoka, v. To run ashore, to 

Fakatokaga, v. To attend to; 
to cause to attend to. 
J^aAatokalalo, v. To lay down, 
t0 abase, to subjugate. 


Fakatokamua, ^ r. To b^ 

Fakatokotokamua, f first, to be 

before hand ; to sow or plant 

early in the season. 

Fakatokamui, v. To plant or 

sow late in the season. 
Fakatoki, v. To throw down; 

to let fall ; to give away. 
Fakatokilala, v. to keep in a state 

of subjection. 
Fakatokitala, v. To give good 

counsel, to exhort, to advise. 
Fakatokitua, v. To get out of 

hand; to dispense with; to 

get outside. 
Fakatokolahi, i r. To in- 
Fakatokotokolahi,/ crease the 

number of persons. 
Fakatokoto, v. To lay down.' 
Fakatokotoka, f?. To abate the 

pace in walking ; to smooth ; 

to remove obstructions. 
Fakatokojii, \ v. To decrease 
Fakatokotokojii,/ the number 

of persons. 
Fakatokotiiu, v. To stake a 

fence; to provide the stakes 

for a fence. 
Fakatoli, r. To cause others to 

toU or gather fruit or flowers. 
Fakatolia, v. To please, to satisfy 

the mind. 
Fakatolo, r. To project; t5jut 

out longer than the rest. 
Fakatologa, i «?. To preserve, 
Fakatolotologa,) to sustain, to 

Fakatologulu, r. To ruttle in the 

Fakatolu, v. To divide into three 

parts ; (used in reference to the 

moon on its first appearance 

after a change, meaning per- 
haps that it is three days 

Fakatomabee, v. To prosfirate, 

to fall down. 
Fakatomo, m. A very large root 
of fcava. 


Fakatomo, i v. To jut or pro- 

Fakatomotomo,/ ject out; to 

project one so as to be higher 

or lower than others. 
Fakatomotahabe^ 0* To make 

the highest or lowest of things 

equaUy long ; to be out of line 

and order. 
Fakatomotoma^ v. To walk with 

affected dignity^ to strut. 
Fakatomutomua, v. To be first, 

or before others. 
Fakatomui, ^ t?. To be last or 
Fakatotomuij / behind others. 
Fakatona, v. To infect with the 

iandf to leave patches un- 
Fakatonofefine, v. To cause a 

man to commit adultery. 
Fakatonotagataj v. To cause a 

woman to commit adultery. 
Fakatonu, v. To correct, to 

. straighten. 
Fakatonuhia, v. To justify,. to 

free from charges, to clear. 
Fakatonutonu, v. To put straight, 

to correct. 
Fakatonutonu, s. Adjustment, 

Fakatonumatau, «. To make a 

crooked stick straight by chip* 

ping; fitted by art, not natural. 
Fakatotao, 0. To point out, to 

jut forward. 
Fakatotama, v. To cause abor- 
Fakatoto, v. To blood, to stain 

with blood. 
Fakatoto, v. To move slyly ; to 

go secretly. 
Fuatotoafa, s, A wilderness 

looking place. 
Fakatotoaki, v. To act with 

great earnestness and zeal. 
Fakatotofii, v. To supply all 

Ef esent ; to deal out to each 
is portion. 
Fakatotoho, 9. To drag along, 
to drawL 



Fakatotoka, v. To wait awhile ; 

to act deliberately. 

Fakatotoka, a. Gentle,deliberate. 

Fakatotolo, «. To allow or teach 

a child to crawl ; to train as a 

vine ; to seek out what is un- 


Fakatotomua, v. To precede, to 

go before, to be first. 
Fakatotomui, v. To succeed; to 

ff o after ; to be last. 

Falatotona, v. To make rough 

or lumpy, as when one has the 

tana; to project or push out 

a little ; to leave, to reserve. 

Fakatotonu, r. To adjust, to 

regulate, to correct, to dispose. 

Fakatotonuaga, s. A corrector, 

• an adjuster. 
Fakatua, «. To expect, to an- 
Fakatua, a. Mean, vulgar, ab- 
Fakatua, v. To act like a tua ; 

to act meanly. 
Fakatuai, \ v. To linger, to 
Fakatuotuai,/ delay, to defer, 
to procrastinate, to protract. 
Fakatuabiko, v. To make crook- 
ed, to bend, to elbow. 
Fakatuabo, a. Of or belonging 

to midnight. 
Fakatuakiato, t?. To sit in the 

paddling canoe. 
Fakatuakovi, 9. To anticipate 
«» evil; to fear what is coming. 
Fakatuamelie, v. To expect or 

anticipate good, to hope. 
Fakatuatamaki, r. See Fakaiua" 

Fakatui, v. To cause others to 
string flowers, beads, &c. ; to 
inspire confidence. 
Fakatui, v. To act like a Tui or 

Fakatui, a. King-like; of or 

becoming a king or ruler. 
Fakatuigutu, «. To make after 
the form ot a Tuigutu* 



Fakatuoiki, r. To plat or make 
of a fine texture^ as kafa mats, 

Fakatuolalahi, r. To make of a 
rough or coarse texture. 

Fakatuotua, v. To expect or 

Fakatuotuabaka, t?. To expose 
or turn the back towards. 

Fakatuotuakovi, ^ r.Seel^a^a- 

FakatuotuatamakiyJ tuatamaki. 

Fakatuotualeleiy \ v, SeeFaka- 

Fakatuotuamelie, / tuamelte. 

Fakatuu, v. To finish, to com- 
plete according to order. 

Fakatuuete, v. To stand on tip 

Fakatuugaa, \ a. Sudden, 

Fakatuutuugaa, / unexpected, 
out of time. 

Fakatuuga, v. To pile in lots; 
to keep separate and distinct. 

Fakatuugafulufulu, r. To allow 
to grow mouldy ; to keep till 

Fakatuukimua, v. To place In 
front ; to expose to view. 

Fakatuumau, v. To fix, to es- 
tablish, to settle firmly. 

Fakatuumalie, ^ v. To wait a 

Fakatuutuumalie, / favourable 
time ; to work under favourable 

Fakatuutai, v. To assume qua- 
lities to which there is no right. 

Fakatuutaga, t?. To cut into 
square thick pieces. 

Fakatuutamaki, \ r. To perse- 

Fakatuu tuumaki, J vere through 
difficulties, opposed to Faka- 

Fakatuutuu, v. To order or 
command to stand still ; to be 
recovering from an affliction. 

Fakatuutuuni, v. To appoint, to 
arrange, to determine. 

Fakatuba, \ v. To open, to 

FakatubagiJ break open, to 
iOAke openings. 


Fakatube, v. To cause palpi-^ 

tation, to shake. 
Fakatubu, 9, To beget, to en- 
gender, to originate, to create. 
Fakatubu, s. Cause, founder, 
generator, creator, genemtion. 
Fakatubufoou, v. To regenerate, 

to make anew. 
Fakatubufoou, s. Regeneration. 
Fakatubuga, v. To originate, to 

be the cause of. 
Fakatubulaki, ) v. To cause 
Fakatubulekina,/ to grow, to 

Fakatubutamaki, v. To cause 

Fakatubu tanu, v. To make teasing 

Fakatubutubu, r. See Faia- 

Fakatufuga, a. Like or becom- 
ing a Tufuga. 
Fakatuga, \ v. To leave 
Fakatugotuga,) knots in treen 
or masts for accommodation in 
Fakatuga, t?. Hard, applied to 
an ulcer that does not grow 
better or worse. 
Fakatuba, r. To divide out, to 

allot, to take aim. 
Fakatuhani, r. To appoint. 
Fakatuhotuha, t^.To divide £urly. 
Fakatuhutuhu, r. To point with 

the finger. 
Fakatuki, \ v. To use strong 
Fakatukituki, I language in or* 

der to intimidate. 
Fakatuku, v. To refer any case 

to a third party. 
Fakatukuhau, v. To tax, to i 

pose taxes. 
Fakatukutuku, v. To desert, 

abandon, to cast off. 
Fakatula, v. To make bald, 

cause baldness. 
Fakatuli, v. To deafen. 
Fakatuliki, r. To make come 
1 tojut. 



Fakatulimohey v. To make sleepy. 

Fakatulutuluy s. The name of 
what is first put on in thatch- 
ing a house. 

Fakatuma, r. To decrease the 
speed of a vessel in the water. 

Fakatumau, r. To astringe. 

Fakatumu, v. To allow melons 
to grow too long. 

Fakatumutumu, v. To express 

Fakatuta, v. To tire, to jade. 

FakatutUy a. Blustering, proud. 

Fakatutue, Vi. To make lean, to 

Fakatutulu, v. To allow the 
thatch of a house to be so bad 
as to admit the rain. 

Fakava, s. Play, sport. 

Fakava, v. To play, to sport. 

Fakavaa, ^ a. Revengeful, 

Fakavaavaa, / quarrelsome. 

Fakavaa, ^ v. To revenge; 

Fakavaavaa,) to make some 
present trifling offence the os- 
tensible reason for revenging 
a former insult. 
Fakavae, v. To make legs or 
feet for any thing; to finish 
off nets. 
Fakavaeua, r. To divide into two 

equal parts, to halve. 
Fakavaevae, v. To prompt, to 

abet, to incite. 
Fakavai, r. To soak, to wet, to 

Fakavaivai, v. To weaken, to 

debilitate, to enfeeble. 
Pakavaivai, s. The act of weak- 
ening, enervation. 

^akavaivaiga, v. To trifle, to 
treat as of no importance. 

^akavaivaiga, s. Lightness, levity. 

•f'akavaililigi, v. To speak per- 
suasively and eloquently. 

^akavaililigi, a. Eloquent. 

•t'akayao, v. To warm; to sit or 
lie round a fire ; applied to 
chiefs. See TaMulaandMumu. 


Fakavaoa, v. To leave ground 

Fakavaofi, v. To bring near 

Fakavagavaga, r. To reed or 
make with large interstices. 

Fakavaha, v. To open, to thin. 

Fakavahaafefine, v. To originate 
a quarrel and consequent dis- 
tance among women. 

Fakavahaatagata, r. To originate 
a quarrel and consequent dis- 
tance among men. 

Fakavahavahaa, v. To create 
discord or disagreement. 

Fakavahevahe, v. To divide, to 
separate, to portion out. 

Fakavaka, v. To handle ; to 
cover or bind, as books; to 
make small pens or places for 
putting away yams. 

Fakavaka, s. The binding or 
cover of books, &c. 

Fakavakafoha, a. Like or similar 
in appearance to a Vakafoha. 

Fakavakaga, s. The origin or 
cause of a thing. 

Fakavakavaka, v. To turn or sit 

Fakavake, v. To cause others 
to quarrel and make a noise. 

Fakavala, r. To dress, to clothe ; 
to supply others with clothes. 

Fakavale, \ r. To make fool- 

Fakavalea,/ ish. 

Fakavalevale, r. To act as child- 
ish or foolish ; to assume a 
level with children; to treat 
roughly (a child.) 

Fakavalevaleloi, v. To feign in- 

Fakavalu, v. To divide into eight 
parts or portions. 

Fakavamamao, t;. To separate 
by a long distance. 

Fakavanu, v. To bait with the 
vanu in catching crab fish. 

Fakavanuvanu, r. To undulate.^^ 
to make uti^N^xi^ 



FakftTftvaga, v. To weave reed 

or plait in an open careless 

way, not close texture. 
Fakavavale, v. To make slippery, 

or difficult to hold. 
Fakavavana, v. To cause a 

shuddering by alarm. 
Fakavave, i v. To hasten, 
Fakavavevavei I to accelerate, 

to expedite. 
Fakaveebala, r. To cause ulcered 

feet or legs. 
Fakaveebiko, v. To walk as one 

Fakaveefua, v. To cause the 

legs to swelU 
Fakaveema, v. To spread out the 

banana leaves in a Tonga 

bread pit. 

Fakaveetoohio »• To loiter, to 
Fakaveetuai, J walk slowly. 
Fakaveevave, r. To accelerate 

the speed of one walking. 
Fakaveeveetuia, v. To slacken 

the pace in running ; to run 

Fakaveeveetube, v. To sit as- 

kaunt; to sit in such a position 

as to form an angle. 
Fakaveiveiua, a. Undetermined. 
Fakaveji, v. To flatter in order 

to secure an object. 
Fakavela, r. To heat, to make 

het, to bum. 
Fakavelea, v. See Fakaavaga. 
Fakaveleatege, v. To desire 

death; to provoke punishment. 
Fakavelekata, a. Laughable, 

ludicrous, amusing. 
Fakavelekata, r. To excite laugh- 
ter and amusement. 
Fakaveli, v. To lessen the sail 

by drawing up the lower part. 
Fakaveli, s. The term used of 

the above. 
Fakavelii, «. To cause an itch- 
JFktareJorelo, p. To jut forward; 
^o call upon others to pelo^ 


Fakavete, s. The name of the 
lower part of a canoe's mast. 

Fakavevele, r. To tantalize; to 
excite pleasurable sensations 
but disappoint them. 

Fakavikiviki, v. To boast, to 
praise, to exalt. 

Fakaviku, i 9. To wet, to 

Fakaviviku,/ moisten with 

Fakavili, r. To push or bore any 
thing into any hole. 

Fakaviiigia, v. To expose to the 
wind so as to be carried 

Fakavivi, r. To overwhelm or 
overpower, by beauty or ex- 

Fakavolu, v. To bruise, to soften, 
to beat soft. 

Fakavu, v. To influence others 
to request the food or property 
of another, in order to be 
benefitted thereby. 

Faki, V. To rely upon, to lean 
against. See Faaku 

Faki, V. To pluck; to break off, 
as bananas or nuts from the 
bunch ; to tear off. 

Fakifakia, v. To fall to pieces^ 
appUed to the outrigger of a 
canoe when the sticks give 
way which hold it together. 

Fakifoifuji, r. Literally to pull 
off one at a time; applied to 
work in which all separately 
engage, to a case of judgment 
when every person is separate- 
ly questioned. 

Fakita, v. To pluck; to break 
ofi^ as nuts from the branch. 

Fala, s. A mat. 

Falai, v. To squat down any 

Falafala, s. A kind of yam. 

Fale, 1. A house. 

Falea, «• Plentiful, many^ ap- 
plied to a place where thert 
are maxr} Ylqxxi^u^ 



Faledd, t. The family or children 

of the Tidiofta and Tamdha. 
Fidei, V. To inrorm before, be- 
forehand ; to put one on his 
fale, a. Like or similar to a 

house, applied to a tree or rock 

that affords shelter. 
Falefakahagatamaki,) i. A house 
FalehagatamidLi, J to which 

sick persons resort for medical 

Falefana, s, A small house or 

tent Oarried about in shooting 

certain birds. 
Falefeao, s. The house built near 

the god's bouse for the re- 
ception of the sick. 
Falega, s. The nest of a mouse. 
Fale^a, $• Kind, class, sort. 
Faleleiya, a. Diverse, variable, 

Falelo, V. To bore, to make a 

Falemanava, $. A house in which 

the parties about to be married 

prepare themselves. 
FaJemate, s. The origin or house 

of death, applied to a murderer, 

or to a war weapon that has 

killed several. 
Faletao, s. A heathen practice on 

the death of a friend. 
Faletolia, $. A small house near 

burying grounds, to which 

ehiefs are brought when near 

Faliuga, s. Way, manner, mode. 
Faliki, «• The floor or pavement; 

a flat covering; the leaf on 

which food is placed before. 
Faliki, v. To floor, to pave, to 

lav or spread over. 
Falikiliki, v. To mat or floor in 

a temporary way. 
Falo, V. To stretch out, to make 

tense, to elongate. 
Falukn, \ v. To enclose in 
Falukuluku,/ the arms. 


Fana, s. A mast of a vessel ; a 
shot, the act of shooting. 

FmS,} •'^ To shoot. 
Fanau, s. Children, offspring. 
Fanau, v. To bring forth, to 

give birth. 
Fanaumate, a. Bereaved of chil- 
dren, stillborn. 
Fanafana, s. Whisper. 
Fanafana, v. To whisper. 
Fanafanau, a. Old, aged, applied 

to a woman that has borne 

several children. 
Fanafanau, 9. To propagate, to 

increase, to breed from time 

to time. 
Fanaga, s. A fable, a fictitious 

Fanaga, v. To talk over fables ; 

to talk without doing. 
Fanifo, s. A game in the surf. 
Fanifo, e. To play at the above. 
Fanifokavebaba, v. To take for 

accommodation^ or pleasure 

what may prove hurtful and 

Fano, a. Elastic, tough. 
Fano, V. To ffo, used in reference 

to small fish going in shoals. 
Fanoa, s. An issue, evacuation. 
Fanoa, v. To issue, to flow 

Fanouga, s. The children of a 

brother living or brought up 

by his sister. 
Fanoi, a. Here and there one, 

not universal. 
Fanofano, v. To wash the hands 

and mouth. 
Fanogo, v. To hear. 
Fanogo, i. Hearing. 
Fanogonogo, r. To promulgate, 

to publish, to noise. 
Fanogonogo, s. Promulgator, 

Fanuauta, r. To act differently 

from others ; to act singularly, 
Fanuani, m. Near to shore. 



Fata^ s, A loft, a bier, or hand- 
Fata, V. To carry, to bear on 

a bier. 
Fatal, V. A shrub. 
Fatafata, s. The breast, the 

Fatafataola, a. Large breasted ; 

full in the chest ; high in the 

middle of a canoe. 
Fatafatalele, s. The name of a 

part in the old Tonga canoes. 
Fatagogo, s. A hole or pit filled 

with fire, but open in the 

Fataki, s. A platform ; a nest 

make of sticks crossed. 
Fate, s, A fish. 
Fatei, v. To wrap up, to wrap 

in leaves. 
Fatei, s, A dress, covering. 
Fatogia, s. A tax, work done 

for the government; compul- 
sion, necessity. 
Fatogia, v. To do work as a tax 

for government. 
Fatu, V. To tie the rafters of a 

Tonga house; to commence 

plaiting mats ; to ftirl, to fold. 
Fatu, a. Raftered, denoting the 

stage of the work ; thick, crass, 

applied to liquids. 
Fatu, s. The gizzard of fowls; 

the abdomen. 
Fatu, V: To complain, to murmur. 
Fatuoale, v. To complain with- 
out just cause. 
Fatuua, s. A piece of native 

cloth two stripes in length. 
Fatui, V. To fold up, generally 

used for any thing large. See 

Fatufaia, v. To gormandize ; to 

eat till pain ensues; to die 

from eating too much.. 
Fatufaia, s. Gluttony. 
Fatufaia, i?. To prepare native 
c/oth and a fine mat in a parcel 
as a present. 


Fatufatu, v. To fold or wrap 

Fatuga, s. The timbers to which 

the rafters are fastened. 
Fatukala, s. A black pebble 

Fatula, a. Beardless. . 
Fatuliji, *. Heavy and sudden 

Fatuliji, V. To thunder in heavy 

and repeated claps. 
Favaka, v. To beg the loan of a 

Fe, ad. Where? (abbreviation of 

Feaaki, a. Awake, applied to 

parties watching each other. 
Feaanuaki, v. To spit at each 

Feao, V. To attend upon, to 

guard, to accompany as a 

Feao, 8. A guard, an attendant. 
Feaofi, V. To run ; to race, ap- 
plied to two or more. 
Feau, s. Ointment; any unctuous 

matter smeared on wounds. 
Feau, V, To oint, to smear with 

Feauau, r. To contend for a 

Feauaki, s. Fornication, adultery. 
Feauaki, v. To commit fornication 

or adultery ; to be lost or de- 
stroyed on both sides. 
Feaugani, v. To fix upon a time 

for the performance of any 

thing ; to be agreed. 
Feaugani, s. An engagement, a 

verbal agreement. 
Feauhi, v. To strive for the 

mastery ; to imitate each other. 
Feauhimalie, a. Alike, equal ; 

neither superior to the other. 
Feautaki, r. To join from both 

Feabaaki, t?. To reverence and 

respect mutually. 
^ Feabea\d, «. To ^e\. ox mo\^ m 



suspense ; to be held in sus- 
pense ; to hesitate. 
Feabiabii, v. To be crowded. 
Feafe, v. To run, to race, (two 

or more.) 
FeaFeafeaki,^ v. To go in and 
Feafeaki, / out; to fold over, 

as a coat; to come from opposite 

Feafeaki, a. Zigzag , in and out. 
Feafeafekafuy v. Wrapt round 

and round the body, as a large 

Feafui, v. To smoke, applied to 

several fires in different places 

emitting smoke at the same 

Feagai, «?. To live together, to 

be of one time, to coexist. 
Feagai, a. Opposite to; in a 

line with; coeval, coexistent. 
Feagakoviaki, t?. To exhibit 

mutual unkindness and ill will. 
Feagaleleiaki, a. To exhibit 

mutual kindness and good will. 
Feagamakakaaki, t?. To exhibit 

mutual obstinacy. 
Feaganofoaki, v. To exhibit 

mutual respect and good will. 
Feagatuuaki, v. To exhibit mu- 
tual disrespect. 
Feagiagiaki, v. To vary or change 

from point to point, as the 

wind when not settled. 
Feahoaki, v. Applied to the 

moon when she sets at day 

Feajiajii,'! v. To shoot from 
Feajiaki,J different directions, 

as the lightning ; to pierce 

through and through ; to keep 

a look out upon each other, 

as contending parties. 
Feaka, \ v. To kick, to work 
Feakaaka,/ the legs. 
Feakafijii, v. To exhibit angry 

feeling, applied to two or 

-Peaiabij p. To kick each other. 


Feakoaki, \ v. To teach one 
Feakonakiaki,/ another, to ex- 
hort mutually. 
Feaku, v. To scratch the head 
or any part of the body, as 
one vexed. 
Feakufaki, i?. To be on bad terms 

with eac|i other. 
Fealaaki, \ v. To touch one 
Fealaj iaki, i another. 
Fealaekina, v. To touch, to 

handle, applied to several. 
Fealamuhui, v. To echo, to 

sound, as the voices of several 

talking together in a low 

Fealeaki, ) v. To converse, 
Fealeleaaki,/ to confer. 
Fealeleaaki, s. Conference, oral 

Fealeituuaki, a. Undetermined, 

not yet settled, still subject of 

Fealofaki, v. To paddle to and 

fro in a canoe. 
Fealuaki, | v. To go to and 
Fealufanoaki,/ fro, to wander. 
Feamanakiaki, v. To expect, 

used of parties whose expecta- 
tions cross each other. 
Feamioaki v. To twist ; to be 

contorted ; to go along in a 

zigzag course. 
Feamokaki, v. To jut out at both 

Featofaki, i?. To thatch with 

speed, applied to two or more. 
Featugaki, v. To throw at each 

other ; to throw at any thing 

in succession. 
Feavaaki, \ v. To be full of 
Feavaavaki,/ holes ; to be per- 
forated in many places. 
Feaveaki, "i r. To take to and , 
Feaveekiha,J fro. 
Feea, s. The affliction of a child , 

who sucks its mother when 

FeeikWaVaaVA, v^T^Vw^^^xc^r 



mand'of different vessels in 

Feefiaki, v. To go to and fro 

carrying any thing under the 

Feeginakiaki^ v. To exhort or 

admonish mutually. 
Feekenaki^ v. To inquire of one 

Feeli, v. To come one upon the 

heels of another ; to succeed 

with rapidity. 
Feemiakiy a. Restless^ unsettled. 
Feemiaki^ v. To be on the move 

to be uneasy. 
Feemoaki, v. To lick each other, 

as cats. 
Feeteakii, v. To be careful of 

and attentive to, applied to 

Feia, v. To do ; to wound or kill 

a chief. 
Feiakebau, v. To do, to accom- 
plish ; to work at till quite done. 
Feianaki, v. To do so; to do 

Feiohoaki, v. To shout one at 

Feiumu, s. Baskets of food ; the 

act of preparing the food. 
Feiumu, v. To prepare baskets 

of food ; to bake food in the 

native oven, applied to several. 
Feifai, s. The name of a tree. 
Feifeiavale, a. Poor, mean in 

Feifeitamaki, r. To be worried 

or harassed ; to be completely 

tired out. 
Feifeilogaki, t?. To know, to 

discern, to descry. 
Feiga, i?. To desire earnestly, to 

Feiga, s. Anguish, earnest desire. 
*Feiji, s. Cohabitation^ 
Feilaulau, s. An offering, a 

JFeilaulau, p. To offer in sacri- 


Feiloaki, "^^ v. To know each 
Feilogaki,J other, to have an 

interview, to visit, to cohabit. 
Feitama, s. A state of preg- 
Feitama, o. Pregnant. 
Feitamaloi, t?. To feign preg- 
Feitatama, a. Pregnant ; with 

young, applied to several. 
Feiteitane, s. Discord, mutual* 

Feiteitane, r. To be angry one 

with another. 
Feituu, s, A place, situation, 

Feituu-fonua, s. A place or spot 

of land. 
Feituu-bo, s. The time of night. 
Feituu-kakai, s. The place of 

the people; the place inhabit- 
Feituu-laa, s. The place of the 

sun ; the time of day. 
Feitunu, v. To broil or roast on 

the fire, applied to two or 

more. See Tunu. 
Feo, s. The coral. 
Feoaki, v. To go to and fro, 

(two or more.) 
Feouga, a. Opposite, on a line 

with, coeval. 
Feoboji, «?. To lie together ; to 

join two even surfaces. 
Feofaaki, ^ v. To love one 
Feofanaki, J another. 
Feofanaki, s. Mutual love. 
Feofeo, a. Coralline, abounding 

with coral. 
Feofiaki, a. Near, not distant. 
Feofoaki, v. To be alarmed ; to 

start in alarm from different 

Feofoofani, v. See Feofadku 
Feogoaki, \ a. Mutually re- 
Feogoogoaki,/ nowned or fa« 

Feogoogoaki, 17. To spread abroad 

the fame oi auo^ex. 



Feogoi, 1 V. To converseover ; 

Feogoogoi,/ to apprize of and 
tsuk oyer. 

Feogojia^ 1 v» To go and come 

Feogojiaaki,) laden. 

Feohi, s. Union, fellowship. 

Feohi, V. To live in union ; to 
render offices of mutual kind- 

Feohofaki, v. To rush upon each 

Feohofi, v» To rush forth; to 
press upon, applied to two or 

Feojihaki, v. To be finished on 
both sides, as two parties con- 
tending in war ; many lost on 
both sides, but neither victori- 

Feola, -I «?. To gnaw with the 

Feoloola, / teeth ; used of pains 
in the joints, as if gnawing. 

Feolo, V. To rub smooth or 
clean ; to overcome by kind 
words in begging. 

Feoloi, V. To scuffle on the earth ; 
to rub one another against the 
earth; to gain and lose, to 
lose and gain, as vessels in 

Feomokaki, v. Short at both 
ends ; to meet in a place equally 
distant from the homes of both 
parties ; the opposite of Fe^ 

Feonofi, v. To sit in a crouching 
posture, ready to spring up,, 
applied to several. 

Feuaki, v. To sound as persons 
running in different directions. 

Feuiaki, v. To call one to ano- 

Feuotuuaki, v. To be all com- 
motion ; to stand confused. 

Feuu, a. Ravenous. 

Feuu, «?. To bite. 

Feuuaaki, v. To crow in suc- 
cession, as cocks. 



To bite" one 

reuuji, '\ ^' J^o • Dite one 
Feuujiaki, v another ; several 
Feuutaki, J to bite of the same 

Feuuluaki, v. To sound from 

different directions at the same 

Feufeu, o. Wrinkled, rough, 

withered, as the skin of aged 

Feuga, a. Opposite, in a line 

with, coeval. See Feouga. 
Feugakii, v. To shelter, to screen, 

applied to several. 
Feugogai, v. To go away in a 

secret manner (two or more.) 
Feuhu, \ V. To shoot or pierce 
Feuhuaki,/ in different direct- 
ions, as pains in the body. 
Feuhui, v. To leave at day 

break, applied to several. 
Feukiukivale, v. To go in quest 

of food in times of scarcity ; to 

be short of food when needed, 

applied to several. 
Feukunaki, v. To persevere, 

applied to several. 
Feuligaki, v. To tack about in 

different directions, applied to 

canoes or vessels on different 

Feulofi, V, To shine, to flame, 

applied to several fires. 
Feuiufaki, v. To be placed or 

laid heads and tails in the same 

Feulugaki a. Prostrate, bowed 

down ; heads in different di- 
Feulugaki, v. To prostrate, to 

bow with the head in different 

Feumaaki, v. To kiss each other. 
Feunu, s. The piece to join in. 
Feunu, v. To join in plaiting or 

Feunui, ^ v. To move, to 
Feunuunui, i approach^ a^^lied 

to seveiaV 



Feutaakii r. To take and bring, 

as a vessel loaded both 

Feutaakiy ^ v. To pay mutual 
Feutagaki, f visits. 
Feutakiy t?. To hold mutually ; 

to fasten from both sides, as 

dogs in fighting. 
Feutaniy v. To sail together, 

applied to a man and woman 

who are suspected. 
Feutugaki, v. To do alike to 

each other ; to render mutual 

services ; to have all things 

Febaeakiy v. To do work quickly 

and badly. 
Febaetakuaki, v. To sneer at 

one another jokingly. 
Febauuaki. v. To be mutually 

mischievous and roguish. 
Febaubauakiy v. To consult 

others ; to act in unison. 
Febabaniaki, v. To forage; to 

take provisions in time of war 

each from the other. 
Febagoaki, t?. To act alike dis- 
gusting or disagreeable to each 

Febakeaki, v. To challenge each 

Febaki, t?. To jostle, to jar, to 

Febakibaki, v. To crack in 

several places; to clash re- 
peatedly; to crackle. 
Febakihii, v. To sound as the 

breaking of sticks. 
Febakituube, v. To jostle one 

against another, as when many 

meet in a narrow place. 
Febalahaki, i v. To infect each 
Febalahiaki,/ other; to mix or 

muddle together. 
Febaleaki, -i v. To charge one 
Febalegaki,/ another; to put 

from one to another. 
JFebatakai, v. To smack the 
mouth, applied to a number. 


Febatoi, r. To sound as the "^ 
cutting of wood. • 

Febatoii, v. To strike one against ..^ 

Febatoji, s. Collision, a clash. ^ 

Febatui, v. To sound as the * 
striking any thing hollow. 

Febatubatuji, s. The sound as 
ofseveral running along. 

Febeuaki, a. Undecided. 

Febeuaki, v. To feel and speak 
differently upon the same sub- 

Febebeeaki, v. To exhibit un- 
willingness on both sides. 

Febebeuaki, a. See Febeuaki. 

Febeheaki, v. To speak alike to 
each other. 

Febekoaki, v. To look shyly at 
each other. 

Febeluaki, ) v. To fold in dif- 

Febelukaki,/ ferent parts. 

Febeteaki, v. To make pitiful faces 

Febiiaki, v. To dash water 
against ; (two or more.) 

Febibiaki,-! v. To cleave one to 

Febikiaki,/ another; to hold 
each other. 

Febikoaki, v. To go in and out ; 
to run to and fro. 

Febihiaki, v. To infect one 

Feboaki, ^ v. To search fruit- 

Febokaki, f lessly for any thing 
in different directions. 

Febouaki, v. To halt, to be in 

Feboubouki, r. To stand erect 
and firm, as two parties about 
to fight. 

Feboboakiaki, v. To send mes- 
sages to and fro. 

Febobulaaki, v. To be prisoners 
to each other. 

Febolebolei,'! v. To brag, to 

Febolegaki, ) boast, to chal- 
lenge (two or more.) 

Febuaaki, v. To feel sourness of 
mind cue to aiiolVv^T. 



Febubuhaki, a. Full of holes, 
apertures, or passages. 

Febuhai, s. A noise in quarrel- 

Febuhai, r. To quarrel. 

Febuhai, a. Hot, as many lying 

Febahi, \ t?. To break out, 

Febuhibuhi, > to burst forth, as 
sores oik the body. 

Febukeaki,» v. To hold, to 

Febukei, / seize mutually. 

Febulaji, i v. To rise as 

Febulobulaji, / swellings on the 

Febuleaki, -i v. To govern mu- 
Febulegaki,/ tually, to govern 

one another. 
Febunaaki, v. To fly to and fro ; 

to go and come. 
Febunabunaki, v. To attempt 

flying ; to^fly off* in different 

Febunoui, v. To bow down (two 

or more.) 
Febutagaki, v. To contend, to 

strive, to vie with each other. 
Fefaaoaki, v. To take by force 

from each other. 
Fefaaki, \ v. To feel each 
Fefafaaki, / other by the hand ; 

to feel after any thing (two or 

Fefaakiaki, v. To lean one 

against another. 
Fefaeikiaki, v. To go from chief 

to chief; to go the round of 

Fefaiaki, v. To do mutually. 
Fefaifaitakiaki, v. To imitate 

each other. 
Fefainoaaki, v. To act by mistake 

on both sides. 
Fefaitei, t?. To sit in state, applied 

to several Tonga females. 
Fefaei, v. To stretch out the 

neck as in looking, applied to 

two or more. 
Fefaofaoaki, r. To put into 


several* baskets ; to deposit in 
several places. 

Fefauaki> v. To pull in different 

Fefauhi, v. To embrace each 

Fefafa, v. To carry on the back. 

Fefafa, s. The name given to 
the second large yam from one 
seed, which are united from 
the top. 

Fefafaguaki, v. To awake one 

Fefakaaaki, v. To awake each 
other ; to remind ; to put each 
other in mind. 

Fefakaaiaiaki, 'V. To abet; to 
incite from both sides. 

Fefakaaogaaki, v. To make mu- 
tually useful or profitable. 

Fefakaaauaki, v. To report each 

Fefakaauhaaki, v. To destroy 

Fefakaauhatamakiaki, f?. To per- 
severe through difliculties (two 
or more.) 

Fefakaabaabaaki,. v. To pay 
mutual reverence or respect. 

Fefakaabeaki^ «?. To speak doubt- 
fully on both sides. 

Fefakaagaaki, v. To criticise and 
remark each other's work. 

Fefakaagahalaaki, v. To cause 
each other to commit sin. 

Fefakaagavaivaiaki, t?. To exhibit 
mutual humility. 

fggr The above words beginning Fefaka 
will serve to shew the use of the Fe in 
that numerous class of words beginning 
with the Faka, to most of which it may 
be prefixed, as in the above example. 
When thus prefixed the word is always 
plural, and if expressive of an action 
that action is always mutual. 

Fefaloaki, v. To stretch out or 
pull in different directions 

Fefalukuaki, v. To carry back- 
wards and forwards enclosed 
in the arms. 



Fefanaaki, v. To shoot at each 

Fefanafanahi, v. To whisper one 

to another. 
Fe^anogoakiy v. To hear different 

tales at one and the same 

Fefanogofanogoakiy v. To noise 

abroad quickly ; to make known 

or publish one to another. 
Fefataaki, v. To carry to and 

fro on a bier. 
Fefatogiaaki, v. To work as a 

tax for more than one place. 
Fefatuaki, v. To murmur or 

complain of each other. 
Fefe, ad. How? 
Fefejifejiaki, «?. To act by fits 

and starts. 
Fefejifejiaki, a. Fitful. 
Fefehiaaki, ^ v. To hate one 
Fetaufehiaaki, i another. 
Fefeka, a. Hard. 
Fefeka, s. Hardness, obduracy. 
Fefele, v. To be scattered or 

strewed about. 
Fefena, s. A shell fish. 
Fefena, a. Ropy, depectible. 
Fcfete, o. Rough, lumpy. 
Fefie, s. Fuel, fire wood. 
Fefieeikiaki, v. To assume the 

chief on both sides. 
Fefiefiemalieaki, i?. To be mu- 
tually agreeable and kind. 
Fefielahiaki, v. To shew mutual 

Fefiemuaaki, v. To mutually 

Fefiofi, r. To mix together, as 

persons from different places ; 

to be near together. 
Fefihiaki, v. To entwine ; to 

grow one into another, as 

briars; entangled. 
Fefiliaki, v. To think and talk 

over any subject. 
Fefoakiaki, v. To give away 

eacA other as slaves ; to give 


Fefoohakei, t?. Two or more . 
lying with the face upwards. : 

Fefoohifoi, v. Two or moris • 
lying with the face downwards. ; 

Fefofoai, t?. To fracture each : 
other's skulls. 

Fefohiaki, v. To peel, to strip 
off, applied to several. 

Fefokiaki, v. To turn again re- 

Fefolauaki, v. To sail backwards 
and forwards. 

Fefolatalaaki, v. To spread out 
a case in conversation, (two or 
more) to converse respectfully. 

Fefoliaki, v. To take the round 
of a group of islands; several 
persons to visit a number of 
places in succession. 

Fefolofolai, v. To converse. See 

Fefonaki, 'i v. To charge, to 

Fefonotaki,/ command or en- 
join mutually. 

Fefonogaki, «?. To journey often. 

Fefotuaki, u. To heave frequent- 
ly in sight; to go or come 

Fefuaataki, v. To exhibit mutual 

Fefuaabi, v. To contend as to 
whose is the prior claim to any 

Fefiiakayaaki, t?. To swear one 

to another. 
Fefueaki, i?. To drive in different 

directions. See FefauakL 
Fefufiiaki, v. To hide or conceal 

Fefufiilaaki, v. To swell, to pout 

at each other. 
Fefiifuluaki, v. To wash each 

Fefuhiaki, «?. To carry about 

fi'om place to place. 
Fefulifulihiaki, v. To roll back- 
wards and forwards. 
Fefiilituaaki^ v. To turn back to 




1 <?. To swell; to 
A J ri^e in swellings 


on the body. 

Fegaakiy v. To pant to and fro. 

F^aekeald, v. To waddle to and 

firo, applied to one who goes 

along with difficulty. 

Fegaevei, v. To move in a mass, 

applied to many children of 

one family. 

Fegaiitakiy v. To grate ; to make 

a harsh noise. 
Fegaobeiyi v. To bend beneath 
Fegaofeiy / a load or pressure 

(two or more.) 
Fegaohiaki, r. To do quickly. 
Fegaoloaki/ r. To creep back- 
wards and forwards. 
Fegaueakiy v. To work with 
speed ; two or more working 
with the same thing. 
Fegautai, v. See Fegaevei, 
Fegagaa^ v. To attend; to feel 

concern about. 
Fegagauakij v. Worried; to be 

tired out and out. ' 
Fegaholoaki, v. To fly in different 

Erections as the clouds. 
Fegalaaki, v. To cry to and fro. 
Fegalai, «?. To cry, as several 

children at the same time. 
Fegali, v. To gnaw. 
Fegalomaki, v. To be out of 

sight of each other. 
Fegalului, v. To shake to and fro. 
Feganaganai, v. To be impudent, 

applied to several. 
Fegatahiaki, v. To be all agreed. 
Fegataliaki, v. To work, to be 
• loose. 
Fegatatai, v. To sound as broken 

glass or earthenware. 
Feginii, o. Cold, shrivelled with 

Fegugui, t?. To talk in a low 

tone of voice. 
Feguluaki,\ «?. To mutter or 
Fegului, ; munriur to each 


Fegutu, V. To gainsay; to talk 

in defence of work done badly. 
Fegutaki, -i v. To put the 

Fegutugu tuaki, J mouth (to talk) 

in every body's business. 
Fehaaki, v. To be in sight of 

each other ; to kill or wound 

our own party in war ; to know 

each other's minds. 
Fehaamoaki, v. To carry between 

two backwards and forwards. 
Fehae, ^ v. To tear on all 
Fehaehae,i sides. 
Fehaeleaki, v. To walk about 

(two or more chiefs.) 
Fehaitaki, v. To tie ; to be tied 

on all sides. 
Fehaofaki, «?. To surround. 
Fehauaki, t?. To tie ; to lengthen 

by tying several together. 
Fehaunamuaki, v. To fence ; to 

practice the use of weapons. 
Fehabaiaki, v. Two or more 

holding up any thing in the 

Fehabeaki, v. To walk as one 

clubfooted in both feet 
Fehaboaki, v. Two or more 

striking the same thing; to 

hold out hands as expecting a 

Fehabotui, v. To pant ; to swell 

and sink, as the stomach of 

one out of breath. 
Fehafui, v. To drop, to fall in 

Fehagaaki, ^ v. To sit in a line 
Fehagahagai, / with each other; 

to look each other full in the 

Fehahaoaki, t?. To challenge one 

Fehakeekina, v. To ascend by 

different routes. 
Fehakitekitai, v. To swell or 

bulge out; to extend to burst- 
Fehakuleaki, v. To rumma^^ 

£com p\ac^ to ^W.^» 



Fehalaaki^ v. To shoot off in 
different directions^ as fish 
disturbed; to fail or be dis- 
appointed from both. 

Fehalotui, «?. See Fehabotuu 

Fehamutakiy \ e?. To snatch one 

Fehamutekina^i from another; 
to steal. 

Fehaveiaki, «?. To destroy each 
other's property. 

Feheaki, r. To go astray on 
both sides. 

Feheuaki, v. To turn a paddling 
canoe; to steer in different 
directions. , 

Feheheaki, tk To stray from 
place to place. 

Fehehekeaki^ v. To glide to and 
fro, as a bird flying, or a canoe 
sailing to and fro in smooth 
water ; to dance along. 

Fehehemaaki, v. To be easily 

Fehekeaki, r. To work the body 
to and fro in a sitting position ; 
to slip out of the proper place. 

Fehele, v. To cut with a bad 

Feheleaki, \ «?. To dissemble ; 

Feheletaki, i 

Fehehuaki, \ v. To speak in- 

to deny on both 

Fehehuekina, / determinately. 

Feheluaki, v. To pass to and 
firo near the head of one sit- 

Fehemaaki, f?. To challenge 
mutually by signs. 

Fehi, s. The name of a hard and 
durable wood, of which large 
canoes are made ; the act of 
opening oysters. 

Fehi, V. To open oysters. 

Fehia, $, Hatred, disdain. 

Fehia, v. To hate, to detest. 

Fehiamate, s. Hatred without 

mixture; perfect abhorrence. 

Fehianaki, } s. One generally 

PeLianekma,/ Aatedf or disliked. 


Fehibaaki, \ a. Unequal, as- 

Fehibakaki, / kant. 

Fehifoaki, v. To descend in 
different directions. 

Fehigaki, «?. To fall, two or more 
at the same time. 

Fehigaaki, v. To fall about as 
one intoxicated. 

Fehigoaaki, r. Two persons 
taking each the other's name 
as a challenge. 

Fehihiaki, v. To speak evil one 
of another. 

Fehihigoaki, v. To take different 
routes in walking. 

Fehikiaki,) «?. To change fre- 

Fehikitakii quently ; to move 
from place to place. 

Fehikitagaaki, i?. To remove the 
remains of deceased persons 
to bury in another place. * , 

Fehilaaki, v. To glare from 
opjposite directions, as light- 
ning; to look askant one at 

Fehiliaki, v. To have passed a 
place ; to be beyond a giveii 

Fehilihilii, \ v. To pile one 

Fehilihilifaki,/ upon another. 

Fehinoii, v. Two or more cri- 

* ticising the work of another. 

Fehivaaki, v. To sing one to 

Fehoanaki, v. To pair, to couple. 

Fehoiaki, v. Two or more chant- 
ing hoiy and wishing for some- 
thing. See HoL 

Fehoboaki, \ v. To jump back- 

Fehobokaki,/ wards and for- 

Fehofaki, v. To go to and fro ; 
to be in motion. 

Fehohotai, v. To make a noise 
in eating, as pigs ; to cut the 
water with a similar noise, as 
a canoe sailing. 

Feboka, -o. To strike*^ to stab 
or p\etce le^^al^^^* 



Fehokaaki, r. To stab or strike 
each other with the end of a 

Fehokotaki, v. To meet ; to 
come in contact; to cohabit; to 
resemble, as a child its parent. 

Fehokotakiaga, «• The place 
where two bodies unite. 

Feholaki, «• Two or more running 

Feholataki, r. To elope from 

Slace to place, 
oil, V. To live happily to- 

Feholiaki, v. Mutually to long 
after or desire. 

Feboloaki, v. To move in dif- 
ferent directions ; to be going 
and coming. 

Feholoi, «?. To follow in suc- 

Fehuaaki, v. To turn up things in 
questof any thing; to tack about. 

Fehui, V. To query, to inquire, 
to catechise. 

Fehui, s. A question, query. 

Fehuihui, a. Needle-like, thorny, 
sharp, applied to pointed stones 
or coral in the road. 

Fehuuhuuaki, \ v. To lie heads 

Fehuuhuufaki,/ and tails, the 
heads of some with the feet of 

• others. 

Fehufaki, v. To go from one to 
another in supplicating pardon 
for any offence ; to enter one 
opening, then another, and 
return the same way. 

Fehufehuia, v. To inquire ; to 
be very inquisitive. 

Fehufekina, v. To intercede one 
for another. 

Fehufekina, s. Mutual interces- 

Fehufi, V. To pass through one 
passage, applied to two or 

Fehuhu, s. One who gives suck ; 
a mother, 



Fehuki, v. To nurse; to hold on 
the lap, used as if the act was 

Fehukihuki, v. To cram into a 
small place ; to be one upon 
another from want of room. 

Fehulohulai, a. Fleshy, full of 

Fehuluaki, v. To move about 
with a light. 

Fehulunaki, v. To fold the arms ; 
to miss each other by taking 
different roads in going and 
coming; to misunderstand each 

Fehunukii, t?. To stick or pro- 
ject out, applied to the breasts 
of girls at a certain age. 

Fejiaki, v. To return to each 
other, as cocks fighting ; to 
throw one at another. 

Fejii, V, To break, to snap. 

Fejii, a. Broken. 

Fejiekina,) v. To relapse, to 

Fej ikimui, / backslide. 

Fejijii, i t?. To charge mutually; 

Fejijiiki,/ to lay each other 
under a charge. 

Fejiofaki, v. To look one at 
another; to stare at each other. 

Fejiojiofaki, v. To look in dif- 
ferent directions. 

Fejiofakamamauaki, v. To look 
intently at each other. 

Fejibaaki, v. To reel to and fro, 
as a man drunk. 

Fejibejibai, a. Bent in and out. 

Fejibiaki, «?. To slap each other 
with the hand ; to sing chal- 
lenges one to another. 

Fejifaaki, v. To *go in a zigzag 

Fejikaki, v. To exhort mutually; 
to enter into an agreement. 

Fejikejikei, v. To sit on the 
heels ; to crouch (two or 

Fejiliaki, v. Two or more fishing 
with one iveV. 




Fejilijili, ^ i?. To make haste, 
Fejilikaki, V to speed, to 
Fejilinifoaki, J strive ; to break 

each other's teeth, 
Fejituaaki, v. To turn back to 

Fekai, s. Ferocity, savageness, 

Fekai, a. Ravenous, ferocious. 
Fekaiaki, v. To eat from each 

other s food in a friendly 

Fekaiboaki, v. To eat by the sly 

(two or more.) 
Fekaihaaaki, ^ v. To steal one 
Fekaihaataki, ) from another. 
Fekailaaki, v. To shout one at 

Fekainaki, v. To eat one another; 

to quarrel seriously. 
Fekaivaleaki, v. To eat each his 

own without sharing it with 

Fekau, s, A command, an order 
Fekau, v. To command, to order. 
Fekauivaagaaki, «?. To interfere 

or meddle with parties. 
Fekaumeaaki, v. To take each 

other as companions. 
Fekabaaki, v. To extend the 

hands ; to reach out, (two or 

more) to besiege each other's 

Fekabalui, v. To flap, to make 

a flapping noise. 
Fekabeaki, ^ v. To swear 
Fekabei, V one at an- 

Fekabekabeaki, -^ other; to use 

abusive language to each other. 
Fekabokaboaki, v. To do; to 

help from alF sides. 
Fekabuiaki, \ v. To surround 
Fekabukabuaki,/ or enclose 

from all sides. 
Fekabujiaki, v. To drive each 

other away. 
Fekabujiekina, v. To drive or 

banish from different places ; 
to be driven away or cast oflF. 

Fekafoaki, v. To be wounded 

(both parties.) 
Fekahoaaki, v. To hang about 

the neck, first one and then 

Fekaka, v. To creep along a 

fence, as a vine. 
Fekakaaki, t?. To climb one 

thing after another. 
Fekakaaki, v. To deceive or 

cheat one another. 
Fekakauaki, v. To swim to and 

Fekabaaki, ^ v. To reach out 
Fekakabaaki, i the hand in this 

and that direction, as a child 

in learning to walk. 
Fekakabai, v. To reach towards 

(two or more.) 
Fekakafi, v. To climb (two or 

Fekakatai, v. To laugh (two or 

Fekakamaaki, i?. To be anxious 

about different things at the 

same time. 
Fekakavaaki, v. To sweat, as 

two or more at any work ; to 

sweat from place to place. 
Fekalagaaki, v. To shout one to 

Fekalagaekina, v. To proclaim, 

to shout, (two or more) to the 

same object; to be proclaimed 

by several. 
Fekalalui, «?. To make a noise 

like the shaking of loose papers. 
Fekalamui, t?. To buzz to and fro; 
Fekalavai, v. To speak so as to 

shew the veins of the necjs: ; to 

speak loud. 
Fekalekalei, v. To run and walk 

fast alternately. 
Fekaloaki, ^ v. To evade, to 
Fekalofaki, i elude. 
Fekalouaki, v. To bark one at 

Fekamiaki, t?. To love more 

than one. 



Fekamoaki, v. To beckon one 

to another. 
Fekamokamoj], v. To wink one 

at another. 
Fekataaki, v. To laugh at each 

Fekatai, ) i?. To laugh to- 
Fekatakatai, f gether (several.) 
Fekatakiaki, v. To bear one with 

Fekatoagaakiy v. To feast and 

visit alternately. 
Fekatubaakiy a. Open opposite 

to each other. 
Fekaveaki, v. To investigate, to 

inquire into. 
Fekaveiy v. To swing to and fro; 

to draw in different directions. 
Feke, s. The cat fish. 
Fekei, ^ v. To quarrel, to 
Fekeikei,/ debate, to contend. 
Fekeigoaki, v. To complain of 

each other. 
Fekeituu, t?. To quarrel, to be 

up in arms. 
Fekefeka, a. Hard, firm. 
Fekefeke, v. To shiver, to shake. 
Fekefekelulu, v. To bleed, at the 

Fekefekelotoa, v. To be vexed 

or angry ; to shake mentally. 
Fekekei, v. To bleat, as goats. 
Fekekevai, v. To be stiffened in 

death (two or more.) 
Fekeli, v. To paddle quickly. 
Feketuaki, v. To Ump to and 

Fekiai, v. To be wrinkled, to 

be shrivelled, to be puckered. 
Fekii, i v. To squeak, used 
Fekikii,/ also in reference to 

vain talkative girls. 
Fekioi, v. To chirp as chickens. 
Fekika, s. A tree and its fruit. 
Fekikavao, s. A tree and its fruit. 
Fekiki, i t?. To contend, to 
Fekikihiaki, f debate. 
Fekikilai, v. To stare with asto- 



Fekikivii, r. To strain; to put 

out the whole strength (two or 

Fekilijiaki, v. To saw quickly. 
Fekilofaki, ^ v. To look or 
Fekilokilofaki,/ stare about. 
Fekinaaki, v. To be tired of 

each other; to be wearied (two 

or more.) 
Fekiniaki, v. To strike moving 

backwards and forwards. 
Fekita, i?. To kiss. 
Fekitaki ^ 

Fekitekina,} ^- '^^ ^^^*- 
Fekitegaki, v. To be in sight of 

each other. 
Feko, s. A fish. 
Feko 1 

Fekofeko,/ ^- ^'^'*'^' ^^^g'^' 
Fekoekoei, v. Of one mind, hap- 

Fekofei, ^ a. Pleasant in 
Fekofekofe, ( sound. 
Fekofi, I V. To talk loud, 
Fekofikofi,/ to chatter. 
Fekofuaki, v. To wrap up quick- 

Fekogai, v. To grunt together, 

as pigs. 
Fekohiaki, v. To scratch each 

other; to scrape with speed. 
Fekohii, v. To make a rustling 

Fekohuaki, v. To be smoking, 

as several fires at the same 

Fekoji, \ a. Discordant, 
Fekojikoji,/ rough. 
Fekoieaki, \ v. To beg one of 
Fekolegaaki, / another. 
Fekoloaki, i?. To desire mutually. 
Fekonohi, v. To be mutually 

Fekotei, v. To converse in an 

unknown tongue. 
Fekoviaki, v. To be evil disposed 

to each other. 
Fekovikovi, v. To be at variance 

with eadi oI\v^t. 



Fekuihaki^ v. To blind each 

Fekuki, v. To disagree, to 

contend » 
Fekulai, a. Red hot, applied to 

one whose face is so from 

work, anger, &c. 
Fekului, i v. To hug; to 
Fekulukului, / embrace closely ; 

to huddle together. 
Fekumi, v. To seek. 
Fekunimai, v. To clasp the 

hands (two or more.) 
Fela, s. Eyes (low term.) 
Felai, v. To open out ; to increase 

the opening. 
Felaikiaki, v. To break up each 

other's property. 
Felau, V. To talk much, to 

Felaui, ) v. To pinch one an- 
Felauji,i other. 
Felauiaki, v. To talk one of an- 
Felaugaaki, v. To complain of 

or to each other. 
Felaukauaki, «?. To shew off 

before each other. 
Felaulaui, v. To reproach one 

Felaulauhi, s. A canoe race. 
Felabalabaji, v. Chiefs to kill 

each other secretly. 
Felabuaki, v. To flatter each 

Felafii, v. Two or more hiding 

Felagaaki, v. To urge each 

Felagai, v. To set off before 

break of day, applied to two 

or more. 
Felagaki, «?. To be in pain. 
Felagomaki, v. To place trans- 
versely on the ground; used 

also to a number who are 

JFeJaAaJ, v. To walk quickly, to 
step out (two or more.) 


Felalafai, v. To flinch, to crouch 

(two or more.) 
Felalagai, v. To be marked or 

striped from flogging. 
Felalavaaki, r. To wrap round 

quickly with kafa, 
Felaloaki, v. To creep about in 

the sly. 
Felamaaki, v. To watch each 

Felami, «?. To hide or secret 

themselves (two or more.) 
Felamitaki, v. To hide or secret; 

to keep out of sight. 
Felataaki, v. To feel at home in 

two or more places. 
Felatani, v. To live agreeably 

with each other. 
Felavai, v. To be laid down in 

a confused manner ; to live 

together from different coun- 
Felavajiaki, v. To bear with 

each other. 
Felavakiaki, v. To betray each 

Felave, v. To take effect. 
Felaveaki, -i v. To be dis- 

Felavelaveekina,/ covered in 

different directions. 
Fele, V. To lay in a confused 

manner ; to be scattered. 
Feleaaki, r. To converse, to 

Felei, v. To stop up a road with 

briers ^ to obstruct, to belay. 
Feleoaki, \ v. To watch each 
Feleohiaki, / other. 
Felebaaki,! v. Two or more 
Felebani, / vessels hove to. 
Feleeleiaki, v. To put from one 

to another. 
Felefele, v. To lay spread out. 
Feleleaaki, v. To be driven to 

and fro by contrary winds. 
Felelei, «?. To run (two or more.) 
Feleleifano, v. To run backwards 

and forwards, or to and fro 

(two or mote.^ 



Felemo&fO} v. To go out and 

come in at pleasure. 
Felly V. To succeed in rapid 

Feliaki, t?. To throw from one 

to another ; to be behind alter- 
nately, as two racing. 
Feliuaki, r. To exchange places 

or offices. 
Feligiaki, t?. To pour two or 

more liquids into the same 

Felihaa, a. Loose, cumbersome. 
Felijigaki, v. To stone, to throw 

(two or more at one object.) 
Feliliaki, r. To rage one at 

Feliliuaki, a. Changeable. 
Fehliuaki, t?. To change, to vary 

to and fro. 

F&elo.} «• Yello- 

Feloiaki, i v. To lie to two or 

Felohiaki,/ more. 

Felouaki, a. Undecided, un- 

Felofai, v. To fly ; to be scattered 

•Felofiaki, \ v. To rush and 

Felolofiaki, f overwhelm . from 
different directions. 

Felogoaki, «?. To have an inter- 
view with each other. 

Felogoi, ) V. To be silent (two 

Felologoi,/ or more.) 

Felogologai, v. To make a little 
noise, applied to two or more. 

Felohiekina, v. To belie, applied 
to two or more. 

Felohu, V. To knock or reach 
down with a stick. 

Felolau, s. The name of a fish. 

Felolouaki, v. To alter, to change 
the mind, applied to several. 

Felolomaki,! «?. To veer between 

Felomaki, i two points. 

Felomiaki, v. To suppress, to 
put down, applied to two or 


Felotoi, r. To be agreed; to 
feel alike towards each other. 

Felotogaki, r. To be displeased 
with each other. 

Felotu, 1 «?. To pray for, to 

Felotuaki, i intercede* 

Felube, v. To carry any thing 
that swags. 

Feluji, ^ t?. To sound as 

Felujiluji,/ several things fall- 
ing in succession. 

Feluluaki^ v. To shake, to 

Felumaaki, v. To mock each 

Femaaki, «?. To be ashamed of 
each other. 

Femaanui, v. To float gently on 
the sea (two or more objects.) 

Femaeaki, v. To be fondly 
attached to each other. 

Femaili, v. To flow gently from 
two or more directions. 

Femaoaki, v. To act under mis- 
take (two or more.) 

Femaobotaki, t?. To be closed 
or shut up. 

Femauaki, «?. To meet together 
at any given point. 

Femaubui, v. To make a bub- 
bling hollow sound ; to talk 
over again what has been 

^ judged. 

Femabelui, v. To be bent. 

Femabomaboi, v. To babble; 
to talk in a bad cause, applied 
to two or more. 

Femabuniaki, «?. To be closed 
or made compact, applied to 
two or more openings closed 

Femafaoi, «?. To stretch out or 
extend the body. 

Femafahii, v. To be cloven; to 
be split in several places ; used 
also of two or more things 

Femafilii, v. To lie and roll 
about, a^ifWedi \.^ Vv^ Qt\stfst^i 



Femafolaiy «?. To be spread out 

(two or more things.) 
Femafuei, «?. To be blown to and 

fro, as any thing light in the 

Femafului, v. To snore, applied 

to two or more. 
Femagaaki, v. To walk broad 


Femagugu^ki, v. To growl at 
each other. 

Femagugui, s. A noise similar 
to the cracking of bones. 

Femahaloaki, v. To think about 
each other. 

Femahikii, v. To move osten- 
tatiously, applied to two or 

Femahui, v. To speak suspicious- 
ly ; to make a bubbling hollow 

Femakauaki, i?. To twist and 
turn about, applied to a lazy 
person wandering about. 

Femakaui, «?. To twist, to con- 
tort, to writhe under a load. 

Femakafilii, v. See Femafiliu 

Femakakai, a. Stiff, unyielding. 

Femakakai, v. To stand on end; 
to be raised up. 

Femakamioi, v. To walk about, 
applied to two or more 

Femakekei, a. Hard, unyielding, 

Femakokoaki, v. To be indented 
in several places. 

Femakukui, v. To make a rustling 

Femakulukului, v. To be cracked 
in the bones. 

Femalaui, «?. To wail, to cry 
mournftilly, applied to several. 

Femalavei, v. To stand head and 
shoulders above the rest, 
applied to several. 

Femaleleaki, v. To run back- 
wards and forwards in a body. 

Femalimalii, v. To smile at each 

Femalofai, v. To be spread out 
(two or more large things.) 

Femaluaki, t?. To overshade by 
two objects meeting overhead. 

Femalualoii, v. To act hypo- 
critically towards each other. 

Femamaeaki, v. See FemaeaM. 

Femamaoi, v. To stare silendy 
and under the excitement of 
fear at each other. 

Femamahiaki, i?. To be pained 
with each other. 

Femamanaaki, v. To be in love 
with each other. 

Femamataaki, r. To see or look 
at each other. 

Femamioaki, v. To be twisted; 
to walk backwards and for- 

Femanakoaki, v. To like mutually. 

Femanatuaki, t?. To remember; 
to think much of each other. 

Femanavaheaki, v. To be afraid 
of each other. 

Femanukiaki, «?. To mock or 
despise each other. 

Fematagiaki, s. A wind to and 
from the same place. 

Femataaki, v. To look each' 
other in the face. 

Fematakiaki, v. To spy each 

Femataliliaki, v. See Feliliaki. 

Femateaki, v. To be killed from 
both sides ; to be dying here 
and there. ' 

Fematematei, r. To hold out to 
the death ; to maintain the 
fight from both sides. 

Fematuaaki, v. To go from one 

» to another. 

Femavavaaki, v. To shout one 
to another. 

Femeaaki, «?. To converse, ap- 
plied to chiefs. 

Femehekaaki, ^ t?. To be envious 

Femehekataki, / of each other. 

Femeleaki, v. To cough as a 
sign one to the other. 



Femeleaki, ■» ^. ,«„ j« „^_„ 

Femioaki, | v. To equivocate ; 
Femioekina^i to twist and turn 

in conversation. 
Femigimigi, «?. To be curled, to 

be twisted. 
Femihii, v. To shiver ; to make 

a shivering noise with the 

mouth, as when cold (two or 

Femili, v. To rub against each 

other, to come into contact, to 

Femilihi, t?. See Feoloi, 
Femoiaki, v. To send backwards 

and forwards. 
Femoui, t?. To meet. 
Femouekina, i?. To be very busy 

with several things. 
Femouluaki, r. To go about 

Femofijii, «?. To start, to prick ; 

to spring up suddenly and 

Femofutai, t?. To start up, to 

be startled, appUed to two or 

Femoheaki, v. To sleep in dif- 
ferent places. 
FemoUmoUi, v. To cut or break 

up into small pieces. ^ 
Femomoui, v. To shrink back, 

to recoil, apphed to two or 

Fe;momohoi, v. To be reddened, 

Femonoiaki, v. To strike each 

other with the fist. 
Femonotaki, t?. To offer urgent- 

Femuiaki, v. To act upon second 

Femuimuiakifano, v. To follow 

another from place to place. 
Femuitalaaki, v. To follow each 

other's orders. 
Femuhumuhui, v. To mutter 



I Fena, a. Tough, ropy. 
Fena, s. Shrivelled yams. 
Fenainaiaki, v. To charge each 

Fenabaji, v. To be coeval with. 
Fenaniviaki, v. To be fondling 

one with another. 
Fenatuaki, v. To knead together. 
Fenekai, \ v. To rejoice to- 
Fenekenekai, / gether. 
Feneki, a. Pregnant, full, bulged 

Fenenuaki, v. To stammer, to 

faulter in rehearsing a mat- 
Fenijiaki, v. To endeavour to 

entice each other by the looks. 
Fenimataki, v. To work quickly. 
Fenootaki, v. To tie or fasten 

Fenokonokoi, v. See Fehuhhulai; 

large in the hips. 
Fenonoaki, t?. To borrow one of 

Fenujiaki, v. To rub together j 

to rub quickly, as in washing 

Fenumi, v. To be hidden by 

other things. 
Fenuminumiaki, v. To cover up 

or over, to conceal. 
Fesabiaki, v. To make wry faces 

at each other; also, to kick one 

another, standing back to 

Fesaluluaki, v. To feel jealousy 

one towards another. 
Fesaniaki, v. To speak vainly 

of each other ; to adorn each 

the other. 
Fesovinii, t?. To breathe hard 

through the nose when asleep ; 

to snore (two or more.) 
Fetaagaaki, v. To make songs 

of each other. 
Fetaaki, v. To box with clubs. 
Fetaaki, s. A club fight. 
Fetaaki, s. TK^ taba \i^&rt^ \V 

is printed. 



Fetaakiaki, v. To pull up each 

other's plantations. 
Fetaaloaki, v. To beckon from 

two or more places at the same 

Fetaanu, s. The name of a tree; 

one kind of sugar cane. 
Fetaefiaki, «?. To swing the arm 

to and froy used of one who 

walks idly about. * 

Fetaiaki, v. To fall in with, to 

Fetailiaki, v. To fan quickly. 
Fetao, V. To roast human bodies 

for food. 
Fetaoaki, r. To make haste in 

cooking food. 
Fetaofiaki, v. To hinder, to 

restrain, applied to two or 

more ; to challenge each other^ 
Fetaomi, ^ v. To crush; to 
Fetaotaomi,/ press down; to 

follow in quick succession. 
Fetau, 5. The name of a tree. 
Fetau, s. Contention, strife. 
Fetau, 17. To contend, to quar- 
Fetauaki, «?. To alter, to change 

the mind when too late; to 

express after regret about 

what was done with their 

consent, applied to two or 

Tetauaaloaki, t?. To paddle to 

and fro in sailing canoes. 
Fetaubiaki, v. To throw water 

at each other; to take food 

quickly out of native ovens. 
Fetauboaki,\ r. To grope; to 
Fetaufaaki, / feel after any 

Fetaufehiaaki, v. To hate each 

Fetauhiaki, z?. To serve each 

Fetauhihiaki, «?. To wish opposite 

JFetaukaeakif v. To scorn, to 
deride each other. 


Fetaukabaaki, 'i v. To hover 
Fetautaukabaaki, / as a bird on 

the wing ; also, to go with out 

stretched arms as a child 

begining to walk. 
Fetaulaki, v. To meet. 
Fetaulakiaga, s, A meeting place. 
Fetaumatakiaki, v* To bring 

Fetaumuliaki, v. See Fejiitau- 

muliaki; to turn stern to stern. 
Fetautalaaki, \ r. To inform 
FetautautalaakiJ one after an- 
other ; to report to many. 
Fetauteaki, \ «?. To chastise 
Fetauteaaki,/ each other. 
Fetautekai, v. To shrink back, 

applied to two or more. 
Fetautotoloaki, t?. To defer; to 

put off from time to time. 
Fetautuaki,) v. To sit, to squat, 
Fetautui, / applied to several. 
Fetaba, s. Salutation, greeting. 
Fetaba, v. To salute, to greet. 
Fetabaaki, v. To salute, to greet 

each other. 
Fetabatabaki, v. To glisten, to 

Fetafaaki, «?. To cut; to lance 

each other ; to cut up quickly. 
Fetafeaki, v. To flow in different 

directions, as after heavy rains. 
Fetafiaki, v. To sweep quickly ; 

to clear ground for cultivation. 
Fetafokiaki, r. To turn about ; 

to roll from side to side. 
Fetafuaki, t?. To blow up a fire 

Fetafueaki, v. To blow in gusts 

from different directions in 

Fetafuliaki, v. To roll round and 

Fetagaaki, v. To surround fish 

with several nets. 
Fetagakiaki, \ v. To look about, 
Fetatagakiaki, J applied to chiefs 
Fetagiaki, v. To cry from place 

to pVace. -- 



Fetagifai, 9. « To ery or weep 

Fetagitautaui, r. To deprecate 

punishment in the name of a 

third party^ applied to two or 

Fetagoaki^ r. To go to each 

other in the dark. 
Fetagutuiy r. See Fetautuaki, 
Fetajibaaki,\ v. To reel in dif- 
Fetajibai, i ferent directions. 
Fetajilijiliaki^ r. To exhibit fire 

brands in the night as sig- 

Fetakaaki, v. To move rapidly 

from place to place ; to move 

in a zigzag course. 
Fetakai, v. To struggle, applied 

to two or more. 
Fetakaiakiy v. To roll up; to 

twist speedily ; to roll up from 

both ends ; to go round and 

Fetakalofaki, v. See Fekalofaku 
Fetakatakamiloakiy v. To go round 

and round. 
Fetakatuuaki, v. To move about; 

to saunter from place to place. 
Fetakiy t?. To walk arm in arm, 

or hand in hand. 
Fetaki, s» Small sticks used in 

native cooking. 
Fetakiekina, v. To be led from 

place to place. 
Fetakotoi, v. To lie down (two 

or more.) 
Fetalaaki, ^ r. To tell, to 
Fetalatalaaki,/ make known 

from one to another. 
Fetalai, c. To converse, to dis- 
Fetalagataaaki, r. To disobey 

each other. 
Fetalagofuaaki, c;. To obey each 

Fetalanoaaki, v. To chat, to 

talk (two or more.) 
Fetalatagataaki, r. To challenge 

uch otber» 


Fetaliaki, v. To respond; to 
take part, as in singing. 

Fetaliaki, r. To take, to receive, 
applied to several ; to wait for 

* in several places. 

Fetalifaki, i v. To wait or ^ 

Fetalifekina,/ watch for in 
every direction. 

Fetamateaki, > v. To kill each 

Fetamateiaki,/ other. 

Fetanakiaki, v. To collect to- 
gether from several places. 

Fetanu, t;. The name of a tree. 

Fetanuaki, i v. To fill up from 

Fetanumaki,/ all sides. 

Fetataeaki, t;. To reach; to touch 
with the hands stretched out 
(two or mo^e.) 

Fetataoaki, v* To press ; to 
squeeze one another ; to lie in 
ambush against each other. » 

Fetatauaki, v. See Fetauaku 
Also, to strain the kava quick- 

Fetatagi, t?. To take revenge, 
one woman upon another, for 
illicit intercourse with her hus- 

Fetatagoaki, v. To commit de- 
predations and kill each other 
in the night. 

Fetatakiaki, v. To lead or drive 
from place to place. 

Fetatalaaki, v. To open ; to un- 
fasten the dresses ; to loosen 
each other's dress. 

Fetataliaki, v. To wait for each 

Fetatekaaki, v. To roll or shake 
to and fro, applied to the walk- 
ing of a young child. 

Fetateleaki, v. To glide to and 
fro, as a light canoe on the 
surface of the water. 

Fetatemeaki,^ t?. To bustle to 

Fetatuaki, i and fro, to be 
over anxious. 

Fetatube, r. To flo^ in tbe 



Fete, e. To ewell or rise in the 

skin ; to grow in bunches. 
Feteeteeni, a. Wrinkled ; bulged 

in places. 
Feteuakiy ^ ». To prepare 
{ Feteuteuaki,/ each other ; to 

adorn one the other. 
Fisteugatahaaki, r. To adorn 

ivth one and the same or- 
naments in succession, applied 

to two or more. 
Fetefete, a. Rough, lumpy. 
Fetebaakiy v. To turn the eyes 

from side to side; to look cross- 
Fetebiaki, r. To walk or saunter 

to and fro. 
Feteboteboi, r. To gabble^ to 

Fetebutebui, v. Uneven^ not 

Fetekai, f>. To roll along, applied 

to two or more things. 
Fetekeaki, v. To push away; to 

treat as worthless. 
Fetekei, \ v. To push or 
Feteketekei,/ resisteach other ; 

to fix boundary lines for each 


kefihiy •) 

ketekefilii, > r. To lie along. 
Fetekefilihi, J 
Fetekelilii, \ v. To shake, to 
Feteketekelilii,/ shiver, applied 

to several. 
Feteleni, v. To clash together; 

to come in contact. 
Fetoaki, r. To plant in different 

Fetoaki, \ r. To take the wrong 
Fetooaki,/ thing by mistake. 
Fetoeaki, v. Tq groan ; to speak 

moanfully to each other. 
Fetooi, \ V. To make haste, 
Fetootooi,! to be quick, (two 

or more.) 
Fetoubiliaki, v. To follow from 

place to place. 
FetoutoUt ad. Alternately. 



Fetoumouaaki, r. To 

to pause. 
Fetoumuaaki, 0. To be cm o])- 

posite sides of the «aine 

Fetoutoumoliliuaki, c« To wan- 
der to and fro. 
Fetobetobeaki,^ r. To paddle 
Fetobetobei, / quickly, ap- 
plied to several. 
Fetobunaaki, r. To fly from 

place to place, applied to a 

Fetqfaaki, r. To work by pUDM 

in making a new road. 
Fetofiaki, r. To cut and prepare 

each other's yams for setting. 
Fetofuaaki,) v. To rush in St* 
Fetofuai, / ferent directicms. 
Fetogi, s. Lieu, exchange, stead, 

or place. 
Fetogi, V, To exchange. 
Fetogitogi, r. To relieve eacb 

other ; to do by turns. 
Fetohiaki, v. To correspond by 

Fetoho, 9. To drag along, by 

Fetohoaki, v» To pull; to drag 

in opposite directions. 
Fetojitoji, t?. To peck. 
Fetokai, v. To strike each other's 

faces ; to box. 
Fetokaaki, a. Equal, applied to 

Fetokaaki, ^ c» To attend to 
Fetokagaaki,/ each other, to 

attend to several things at the 

same time. 
Fetokaki, a. Afflicted, applied 

to several. 
Fetokaki, v^ To miss one another 

in the road. 
Fetoki, \ r. Unequal, dit 
Fetokitoki,/ ferent sizes. 
Fetoki, V, To fall; applied to 

two or more things. 
Fetokigataha, r. To be of the 

same mother. 



Fetokoaki, r. To push a eanoe 
to and fro with long rods. 

Fetokoniakiy e. To help or as- 
sist each other. 

Fetoliaki, r. To gather from the 
same trees, applied to two or 

FetoloakSf i r. To throw at 

Fetologaki»i each other. 

Fetomaaki» r. To challenge each 
oUier ; to shew off before each 

Fetonoiaki» f . To commit adul- 
tery with each other*a wives or 
husbands. • 

Fetonumi, r. To follow in rapid 
succession; to press one upon 

Fetotoakiaki, r. To be in earnest, 
applied to two or more. 

Fetotoi, a. Bloody. 

Fetotofai, v. To post along* ap- 
plied to several. 

Fetoto^ki, v. To pay each 

Fetotoloaki, r. To defer, to put 
off one after another. 

Fetotoloaki,> r. To creep about; 

Fetotoloi» i to crawl, applied 
to two or more. 

Fetotoma&'ki, r. To borrow one 
of another. 

Fetuani, i a. Thick, plastered ; 

Fetuotuani,/ layer upon layer. 

Fetuukoiaki, r. To be near each 

Fetui, $. Yams that grow wild. 

Fetuiaki, f . To run or thrust 
into each other ; to press 
through and through. 

Fetuituiaki, v. To enter into an 
agreement; to club together. 

Fetuoloaki, r. To move in dif- 
ferent directions. 

Fetuotuanit a. Thick one thick- 

. ness upon another, 

Fetuu, s. A star. 

Fetuoa, a. Studded with stars. 

fetuuabo, a The mondag star, 


Fetunaki, u To be Up and down 

in quick succession. 
Fetuuejiafr, s. A shooting star. 
Fetuuete, r. To stand tip toe, 

applied to two or more. 
Fetuuji, r. To contend. 
Fetuulutuiaki, r. To kneel to 

each other ; to kneel, applied 

to two or more. 
Fetuumalieaki, a. Timely, season- 
able, wellplaced, applied to 

two or more things. 
Fetuutaiaki, a. Well matched. 
Fetuutaki, ^ v. To tie, to 
Fetuutuutaki,/ join together. 
Fetuutamakiaki, r. To be in 

trouble, applied to two or 

Fetuutuuniaki, r. To appoint, 

to arrange, applied to two or 

Fetubaaki, f>. To break holes 

through a fence. 
Fetubeaki, r. To shake. 
Fetubutamakiaki, a. Angry, ap- 
plied to two chiefs. 
Fetufaaki, r. To divide out 

alternately ; to portion out 

Fetufugaaki, r. To act the 

tufuga in reference to each 

other^s doings. 
Fetugaibouliaki e. To go in the 

Fetuhaniaki, v. To be prepared ; 

to be ready, applied to several 

Fetuhuaki, r. To point to each 

other with the finger. 
Fetuhuluaki, o. To go to and 

fro with a lighted torch. 
Fetukiaki, 0. To strike each 

other with the fkt; to impre- 
Fetukiaaki, r. To stumble to 

and fro. 
Fetukitokaaki, v. To strike each 

other wheu «\tt\Tv^. 
Fetukui V. T;^ oaxrj ^ Uj x^isww^ 



Fetukuaki^ r. To take from 

place to place. 
Fetukuaki^ t?. To accuse each 

Fetukuafo, v. To take one at 

a time. 
Fetukutuku, v. To remove with 

goods and chattels. 
Fetuli, V. To chase, applied to 

Fetulimohei, t?. To seek sleep, 

applied to several. 
Fetuloloi, V. To bend, to stoop, 

applied to several. 
Fetutuaki, v. To beat the taba 

Fevaaki, v. To make a noise in 

two or more places. 
Fevaigaaki, v. To play in two or 

more places. 
Fevauak), v. To scrape quick- 
Fevaga, > To desire 
Fevagavagai "^^ Ao desire. 

Fevahaanaki, v. To divide, to 

Fevaheaki, v. To divide out 

Fevakaiaki, v. To look after 
each other. 

Fevakaivakaiaki, t?. To look care- 
fully about ; to inspect. 

Fevakiliaki, v. To expose; to 
lay open ; to open out quickly, 
applied to two or more. 

Fevakuaki, v. To scratch each 
other ; to scratch quickly. 

Fevalaaki, «?. To dress with the 
same gatu (two.) 

Fevalaaki, v. To wander to and 
fro in quest of property. 

Fevaleaki, a. Debilitated in body ; 
faint ; foolish on both sides. 

Fevalevalei, s. Incest; quarrel- 
ling amongst relatives. 

Fevaloki, r. To cry together, 

applied to aeveral children. 
JFeraJokiaki, ) r. To leprove 
-FevavaJoaki,/ each other. 


Fevanuvanui, a. Abounding in 

Fevavei, r. To go quickly, ap* 

plied to two or more. 
Fevekaaki, «. To wander from 

place to place. 
Feveloaki, i v. To throw spears 
Feveloveloi,) at each other. 
Feveteaki, t?. To unfasten quick- 

Feveveleaki, c. To desire two 

objects or things. 
Fevikiaki, r. To boast of and to 

each other. 
Fevilii, t?. Toi)peed, to go fast, 

applied to two or more. 
Fi, r. To plait, to twist, to 

Fie, V. A word which has no 

meaning but in composition, 

when it answers to the verb 

desire, wish, feign, as 
Fiea, To wish to see, as one 

Fieeiki, To assume or wish to 

be a chief. 

The Fia Is prefixed to very man; 
words in the same sense, the meaning iX 
which may be ascertained by a reference to 
the simple words. 

FiealoUlo, v. To try to conceal ; 

to wish to be unknown. 
Fieinu, s. Thirst. 
Fieinu, a. Thirsty. 
Fieulakovi, v. To act the rogue 

while playing the fool. 
Fiefia, i?. To exult, to rejoice. 
Fiefia, a. Joyful, glad. 
Fiefia, s. Joy, gladness. 
Fiefiaaga, s. The source or 

spring of joy. 
Fiefiatonoa, t?. To rejoice too 

soon; to be disappointed in 

that over which we rejoiced. 
Fiegutuhua, r. Tojci^t, tojoke« 



Relafai, s. Pride, ambition, 

Fidaliif a. Proud* ambitious. 

fiemafie, i s» Comfort, compo- 

Fiefiemalie,/ sure, enjoyment. 

Flemalie, i a. Comfortable, 

Fiefiemalle,/ easy, contented. 

liemeamalie, r. To do in order 
to secure applause or reward. 

Kemua* s. Deceit, cunning, 

Fiemuai, r. To deceive, to out- 

Fiemaumau, s. Anxiety to put 
another in possession of some* 
thing new or rare. * 

Fiematamua, s. Impudence, ef- 

Fiematamua, a. Impudent, bold, 

Fievaleloi, s. Pretended igno- 
rance, connivance. 

Fievaleloi, v. To pretend igno- 

Fio, -I V. To mix, to variegate, 

Fiofio, f to be mixed. 

Fioa, a. Greyheaded, variegated, 

Fif, s. Weariness, fatigue. 

Fiu, r. To fag, to grow weary. 

Fiuaga, 8. Any thing by which 
one is tired ; a part of the shell 
fish called tokanoa. 

Fiagataa, a. Difficult to tire. 

Fiugofua, a. Easily wearied. 

Fifi, 1 v» To manifest great 

Fifihi,! unwillingness to part 
with any thing. 

Fifi, s. A term used of fish en- 
closed in the platted nut leaf; 
the nut leaf platted round 

Fifii, V. To plait the nut leaves ; 
to enclose fish in the platted 
nut leaves. 

Fifiikamaka, r. To plait the nut 
leaf round large fish to cook. 

Fifiikavale, v. To plait the nut 
leaf round small fish to 


Fifihi, $. Applied to one who in 
wrestling is dexterous with 
his limbs, locking the limbs of 
his antagonist. 

Fifiho, a. Ropy, glutinous, vis- 

Fifihu, «• To turn away the face 
in displeasure. 

Fifiji, a. Pungent, acrid, indig- 

Fifiji, s. Pungency, biting heat 
on the palate. 

Fifili, V. To ponder; to think 
over ; to diUberate upon. 

Fifiligataa, a. Difficult to de- 
liberate upon. 

Figofigo, f. To snort; to blow 
through the nose; to look 

Fiha, s* Number. 

Fibaga, a. Provident. 

Fihaga, r. To provide ; to col- 
lect together what will be use- 

Fihi, 1 a. Thick, bushy, en- 

Fihituu,/ tangled. 

Fihi. s. Perplexity, entangle- 

Fihia, v. To he entangled; to 
feel embarrassed. 

Fihifihi, a. Curled in the grain ; 
linked one into another; in- 

Fiho, s. Phlegm, foam. 

Fiho, a. FuU of phlegm, as the 
throat in a cough. 

Fihoa, s. The name of a shrub. 

Fihofiho, $. The name of a 

Fihu, s. A fine kind of mat. 

Fihu, ». To plait over ; to turn 
back and finish off. 

Fihufihu, r. To plait backwards 
and forwards ; to make the 
hem of any platting. 

Fihufihutamaki, v. To look about 
in anger. 

Fiji, *. A flowei* 

Fi|ji, V. To 1i^N?«T^ \tt ©M^. 



Fijiia, f • To smart ; to burn as 

after eating any thing pungent. 
Fijiba, s, A fillip ; a ierk of the 

finger let go from tne thumb. 
Fljihma, > a* White; covered 
Fijifijihina, ) with white, as the 

foam or spray of the sea* 
Fijifijimua, a. Gentlemanlike. 
Fili, «• An enemy, choice* 
Fili, V. To choose. 
Filioi, »€?. To try; to use every 

expedient ; to devise. 
Filioi, s. Device^ a scheme, a 

Filifili, a. See FifiU. 
Filifilihit r. To turn over and 

over; backwards and forwards. 
Filifilimanako, s» Partiality. 
FilifilimanakOy t?. To be partial ; 

to favour ; to respect persons. 
Filifilimanakot a. Partial; in- 
clined to favourwithout reason. 
Filihi, V. To turn over, to upset. 
• Filimoto, s. The name of a tree. 
Filitalabe, v. To choose words ; 

to seek out suitable language. 
Filitoka, 9. To rise above that 

which kept one down; to over- 
Filo, s» Thread or twine of any 

Filofilo, r. To twist, aa thread. 
Filohi, s» The cross reeds to 

which a fence is fastened in 

Filu, ^. The name of a fish. 
Finagalo, s. The mind, applied 

to the Tuitoga. 
Finakf, s, A cage, a net. 
Fine, s» Women, (abbreviation 

of Fefine.) 
Fitaa, Ss Prepared or cooked 

Fitaa, r. To prepare food. 
Fitaa, a. Unsubdued, unmoved, 

applied to the mind* 
Fitifitaa, a. Tired, weary. 

^utgeau^ a. Sewen hundred. 


Fitugofulu, a. Seventy. 

Fo, V. To wash clothes ; to wish 
to eat of. 

Foa, 8. A fracture, a flawji a 

Foa, \ r. To fracture, to crack; 

Foai,i to make an opening* 

Foaaga, s. A litter, a brood; one 
of the same litter or brood; 
also, the particular place where 
any thing is easily cracked or 

Foakiy 9. To give, to present. 

Foaki, s* A gift, a present, liber- 

Foakiaga, s. The cause or per- 
son through which a gift ia 

Foi, s. A coward, cowardice; 
a single one, an individual. 

Foi, a. Timid, cowardly, faint. 

Foiakau, s. A pill. 

Foikaiga, s» Near relatives, 
I brethren. 

Foikaunaga, j» The child of a 
kaunaga or female servant. 

Foitamaioeiki, s^ The child of a 
man servant. # 

Foimanu, s. An egg. 

Foou, a. New. 

Foohake, ad. With the fiu« up- 

Foohake, t. To lie on the back. 

Foofoobake, s. Resupination. 

Foohifo, V. To lie on the face, 
to prostrate. 

Foohifo, #. Prostration, prone- 

Foohifo, a. Prostrate, prone. 

Fou, s. To buUd or repair 

Fou, r. To go. 

Foui, $. The name of a tree. 

Foufau, $. One kind of sugar 

Fofo, <r. To rinae, to wash 

Fofo, tf. Dirty, veiy filthy. 

Fofo, «• lo t\jA^ ^ ^txwTOvA oJ 



vater into deep holes ; to drink 

up ; to rub the stomach with 

both hands in a downward 

direction only. 
Fofoa» r* To crack up into several 

Fofiwt s. A lancer; one clever 

at lancing. 
Fofoai, V. To be hatched; to be 

cracked, as eggs under a fowL 
Fofoou, a. New, renewed. 
Fofou, \ v. To bore; to push 
Fofohu^i Through. 
Fofoga, s^ The head; the face, 

applied to chiefs. 
Fofoga, V. To be delighted with; 

to look greedily at, as one 

hungry at food. 
Foibhi, r. To peel; to tear off 

the skin. 
Fofola, r* To unfold ; to spread 

out ; to extend. 
Fofonu, «• Cold in the head. 
Fofonu, a. Full, applied to 

several wells or vessels. 
Foga, #. False hair. 
Fogia, 9. To be engulphed ; to 

be swallowed up« 
Fogofoga, 9. The appearance; 

the look ; the head and face. 
Fogofogaola, > r. To be looking 
Fogofogamoui, I likely to re- 
Fogofogavale, v. To look foolish ; 

to appear weak, as ona afflict^ 

Foha, «. Son. 
Foha, a. Large, applied to yams, 


Fohe, #• A«paddle. 

Foheuli, s. A steer oar, a rudder. 

Fohi, s. Any thing sharp used 

to peel or flay with. 
Fohi, V. To peel ; to strip off; 

to excoriate. 
Fohia, 9. To be excoriated ; to 

he stript off. 
Fohifidii, 9» To peel; to strip 

4iff in §ey0ral plaeea, 


Fohu, $• A sunken rock with a 

hole through it to which canoe» 

are made &st. 
Fohui, f^. To bore, to perforate. 
Fokai, s. A large species of 

Fold, V. To turn back. 
Foki, odL Also, likewise* 
Foki, ^. A term of affection 

generally used in begging ; 
' dear. 
Fokiaga, «. The place or thing 

from which one turned back. 
Fokifa, adn Suddenly. 
Fokihi, V. To turn over. 
Fokoutua, r. To lie exposed. 
Fokoutua, a. Afflicted. 
Fokololo, V. To dress with any 

old thing at sea or in rainy 

Fokonofo, s* A second wife 

brought by the first, generally 

a younger sister. 
Fokotuu, t?. To set up, to raise, 

to pile up, to amass ; to ferry 

over, to set on shore. 
Fokotuu, $. Accumulation) the 

act of hoarding up. 
Fokotuulafoou, «. The first sail* 

ing of a new canoe. 
Fokotuutaufale, v. To sweeps 

to clear off, applied to many. 
Fokotutuu, f>. To sit on the 

haunches with the knees drawn 

to the chin. 
Fokovili, V. Fallen, to falL 
Fola, €. To spread out 
Folau, s. A voyage, a fleet* 

Folau, o. To voyage, to saiL 
Foloha, s. The hair of i!he 

Tmtoga; name of a tribe. 
Folahi, r. To spread out; to 

Subiish abroad ; to extend, 
otala, f. To open out in 
language; to ^jyeak well oh a 
Fole, s. A shell ^i^. 
Folobaku* «• To tda>&& ^ w^sft% 



in the thtiMU when swallow* 

Foleible, a. Sbup, used only of 
aflatarticley as the point of 
a table knife. 

Foli^ r. To walk round and 

Foliaki, 0. To encircb, to sur- 

FoUfoliauhia, «• To be nearly 
lost ; to be on the eve of de- 

Folimalo, v. To attempt repeat- 
edly a difierent person each 

Folo, V, To swallow, to engorge. 

Folofola, r. To speak. 

Folofola, s. Wordy speech. 

Folofolo, v» To swallow in suc- 

Fono, s, A command, proclama- 
tion, edict ; the food eaten at 
the drinking kava; a piece of 
wood or ivory inlaid, enamel. 

Fono, V. To decree, to command, 
to harangue; to eat immediate- 
ly after drinking. 

Fonofono, r. To speak impres- 
sively, to charge ; to ename ; 
to inlay, 

Fonofono, s. Any thing inlaid. 

Fonoga, s. A journey, traveller. 

Fonoga, v. To journey, to travel. 

Fonoji, r. To charge, to inlay. 

Fonu, s. The turtle. 

Fonu, a. Full. 

Fonu^ s. Fullness. 

Fonua, s. A land or country; 
used figuratively of 1i person 
or thing trusted in or rested 

Fonualoto, s, A vault. 

Fonuamamala, s. A tree. 

Fonuhia, r. To be filled. 

Fonuhifo, v* To ebb ; to flow 
back to the sea. 

Fonukoloa, s. The tortoise which 
supplies the shell 
Foautogotogo, s. A fish. 


Fota, 1 r. To pressors 
Fotofota,/ with the han 

part in pain. 
Fototehina, s. Younger b; 

or cousins (males.) 
Fotu, ^ 17. To appe; 
Fotui, > heave in sig 
Fotuaki,-^ approach. 
Fotu, a. Unproportioned 

much of one ingredient 

Fotu, s, Kava or some 

thing taken as an introc 

to a person. 
Fotua, s. A fish. 
Fotuohuo^ s. A shell fish. 
Fotuia, r. To fall as fri 

unripe; to be pushed 

place, as a firuit falls by a 

growing in the same pla 
Fotufotuekina, r. To go ^ 

offender as his interces 
Fotugaloa, r. To see at 

tance, as in a straight n 
Fotugataa, a. Difficult \ 

Fotugofua, a. Easy of ap[ 
Fotuloua, s. The name of 
Fu, V. To make a hollow 

by striking together the 
Fu, s. The noise made as 
Fua, ^. Produce, fruit; ; 

sure ; spawn of fish ; 

Fua, p. To bear fruit, t 

duce ; to measure ; to b 

Fua, a. All, every one. 
Fua, ad^ Before any other 
Fuaa, s. Jealousy. • 
Fuaa, a. Jealous. 
Fuaaga, s. The source, i 

a mother. 
Fuaajivaa, s; A scarcity o 

a branch here and thei 

a fruit. 
Fuaeiki, r. To assume 

tance oiv account of livin 

a cVvie?, 



Fiutia, a. Fruitful. 

Faaiabi, r. To do first at home. 

Fuabe^ a. All, every one, the 
whole number. 

Fuafekavei, s. A play ; the roll- 
ing and tossing of a vessel 

Fuafohua, i v. To be jealous 

Fuafuafonua,/ of one's land. 

Foaga, s. A grindstone. 

Fuagafuhifuhi, r. To bear fruit 
in bunches or clusters, as the 

Fuahau, v. See FuaeikL 

Fuaholoholovaa, r. • To be over- 
loaded ; bowed down with 

Foakava^ s. An oath. 

Fuakava, r. To take an oath, to 

Fuakavaaga, s. The place or 
cause •f taking an oath. 

Fiiakavaloi, s. Perjury, perjurer. 

Foakavaloi, v. To perjure, to 
swear falsely. 

Fuamouifia, r. To die suddenly. 

Fuamouifia^ s. Sudden death. 

Fuatau, s. The name given to 
small yams which grow on the 

' tendril. 

Fuataukalihi, r. To fruit in 
clusters; several bunches or 
clusters on one stem. 
Fuatautake, s. The fruit at the 

end of the stem. 
Fuatabu, s. The first fruit. 
Fuataga, s. A burden, a load« 
carried by one; a length of 
Fuataki, r. Literally to carry 
with one, applied to persons 
who act improperly because 
they live with a chief; to com- 
mence; to set an example; to 
set a going. 
Fuatana, v. To be tired; to be 

grieved or offended with. 
Fuatekinaga, s. The beginning ; 
the Brst acquaintance. 

Fuavai, v. To vend medicines; 
to doctor. 

Fue, i. A wliisk ; the name of a 

Fue, \ t?. To drive away 

Fue fue,/ flies. 

Fuea, r. To be driven to and 
fro by the wind ; to move the 
hand to and fro in despising 
or mocking. 

Fuehega, s. The name of one 
kind of kabe., 

Fuejia, v. To carry ; to take in 
the arms. 

Fuetefua, a. Applied to a tree 
that bears but little fruit. 

Fuia, a. Afraid, terrified. 

Fuifui, s. A flock of birds ; waves 
of the sea. 

Fuifui, t?. To quench, to ex- 
tinguish fire; to quench the 
thirst ; to announce a flight of 

Fuikava, s. Food prepared to 
take off the effect of drunken- 

Fuiva, s. The name of a bird. 

Fuo, s. Size, bulk. 

Fuofua, s. A measure, a whelk, 
a pimple, an eruption. 

Fuofua, f?. To measure, to carry. 

Fuofua, o. First, earliest in 

Fuofuaga, s. The pumice stone. 

Fuofuonoa, a. Shapeless ; want- 
ing in height or width ; awk- 
ward in size. 

Fuofuotuu, a. Long, conical in 

Fuofuoyale, a. Imperfect in form; 

wanting a part. 
Fuoloa, ) X 
Fuololoa,/ "*• Long, protracted. 

Fuonofo, o. Spherical. 
Fuu, a. Large, great in size. 
Fuulahi, a. Very large. 
Fufu, V. To strike the hands 
together vrheiv b^xit. ^x VksJ^ss^ • 
Fufu, a. Hidden, ^ect^x.. 




Tufu, r. To hide, to secret, to 

Fufue, a. Turbulent, boisterous, 

Fuftii, r. To rinse, to wash, to 
damp, to wet. 

Fufuuga, *. Dupes; persons in- 
volved in the doings of another. 

Fufuji, 17. To pull, to stretchout. 

Fufuke, r. To oper, to expose, 
to untie and lay open. 

Fuftila, *. A swelling; a geld- 
ing; any creature castrated. 

Fufula, r. To swell. 

Fufule, r. To rummage ; to turn 
over and over in search. 

Fufuli, a. Large in the limbs ; 

Fufiilu, X. An ablution, a wash- 
ing, a cleansing, 

Fufulu, f7. To wash, to clean or 

Fufuta, 17. To swell out ; to rise 
as anger. 

Fufute, V. To struggle. 

T7 ^^ % \ a. High, higher, 
rugotuga,) ° ' * 

Fuga, s. The surface, the lap. 

Fugavaka, s. The deck of a 

Fugani, s. The topmost; the 

first in value. 
Fugani, a. First in quality or 

rank ; greatest, extreme. 
Fuhega, s. One kind of kahe. 
Fuhi, ^ s. A bunch or cluster; 
Fuhiga,) a rope or any thing 

by which a heavy weight is 

Fuhi^ r. To fasten on ; to carry 

Fuhiufi, s. Three large yams. 
Fuhifuhi, s. Bunches. 
Fuhifuhimokulu, a. Destitute of 

Fuhiga, s. The name of a part 

of the yard in a canoe. 
Fuhu, s. Boxing; the name of 

^ she)} fish. 


Fuhu, V. To box ; to fight with 
the fists. 

Fuhuloa, f7. To box, applied to 
a whole family or neighbour- 

Fuji, s. The generick term for 
all bananas. 

Fuji, I r. To pull, to pluck ; 

Fujifuji, ( to deplume. 

Fuka, s. A flag, a banner. 

Fuka, r. To dress the hair in 
imitation of the Fejeeans. 

Fukahi, s. The surface. 

Fuke, V. To open ; to expose to 
view, as the contents of an 

Fukefuke, r. To open outj to 
spread as a flower. ^ 

Fukofuka, «• The name of n 

Fukofuka, p. See Fuka. 

Fula, s. A tumour, a hard swell- 

Fulai, s. A kind of iabe that is 

Fulaihina, s. A kind oikabe that 
is eaten. 

Fuleheu, s, A small flying bird. 

Fuli, ) All 

■FuHbe,/ «• All. every one. 

Fuli, r. To be covered over with 
rings burnt in the skin. 

Fulifulihi, t?. To turn over and 
over repeatedly. 

Fulihi, f?. To turu over, to up- 
set, to reverse. 

Fulikele, a. Great, powerful in 
effect, as a hurricane that turns 
all upside down. 

Fulilalo, V, To burn the lower 

Fulitua, V. To turn the back 
upon ; to avoid. 

Fulufulu, 9. Hair, feathers. 

Fulufulu, a. Hairy, crinigerout. 

Fulufuluotua,^ a. Coloured, as 

Fulufulululu, J black and wJiite 
feathers, &c. 

Fulufuluotua, s. The down or 



tender hair found on the young 

of birds. 
Fulufcduhaay a. Uncomfortable^ 

.ftfl one not washed. 
Fulufuluhia, r. To be tired ; to 

be wearied. 
Fulutamaki, s. Suffocation; death 

from suffocation. 
iPulutamakiy v* To be choked or 

suffocated from holding the 

Fuluyeh, s. A feast after a great 

work is accomplished. 

Funa, V. To moult ; to shed the 

FunaagUy s. The source or ori- 

Fune, s. The core of the bread 

Funefuneimei, s. The vcka while 

yet small. 
Futa, V. To swell, to brag. 
Ftite, ) r. To be angry ; to 


Futefute,/ struggle to get free. 


Futu, s. The name of a tree. 


G THE eighth Letter in the 
^ Tonga Alphabet. Its 

sound is that of ng in hang. 
Ga, s. The plaintive cry of a 

young child. 
Ga, t?. To pant. 
Gaa, g. The name of a fish. 
Gaahi, a. The sign of the plural, 

sounded gahi. 
Gaahoa, s. A couple, a pair, 

used only in composition. 
Gaaji, s. A shell. 
Gaajinima, s. The finger nails. 
Oaajivae, s. The toe nails. 
Gaaki, v. To cough. 
Gaaki, s. A short asthmatic 

Gaehe, \ v. To move gently 
Gaeheehe,/ along; to go weak- 


Gaehu, a. Muddy, turbid, ap- 
plied to water. 

Gaeke, v. To shift ; to move as 
the wind. 

^^^J^* , I r. To waddle. • 

Gaeve, a. Many. 

Gaeve, r. To move, to be in 

Gail, 9. To gnash the teeth ; to 
grind one thing against ano- 


Gai, ) V. To move at a slow 
Gaigai,/ pace, to hobble, to 

limp ; to go as one lame. 
Gailoa, r. To know. 
Gaito, s. A shell fish. 
Gaito, ^ a. Tough, elastic, 
Gaitoito, ; sticky. 
Gao, s. The double teeth. 
Gaoa, V. To bite with the double 

Gaoi, V, To desire ; to work, as 

the mind. 
Gaobo, ) a. Full, close, with- 
Gaoboobo,/ out aperture. 

Sofe.' 1 '■ ^^-^^^^ - 
r> PC I curve m wood. 
Vraoieofe, ' 

Gaofe, ^ a. Flexible, yielding, 

Gaofeofe, » bowed down, bent. 

Gaogao, a. Partially desolate ; 

thinly peopled. 
Gaohaa, s. Brushwood, rubbish. 
Gaohi, s. Creation, creator. 
Gaohi, V, To form, to create, 

to make. 
Gaohikai, s, A cook. 
Gaolo, r. To creep, to crawl 

Gaoloolo, t?. To move as under 

a heavy load, as a vessel 

Gaotoota, s. Goods and chattels. 



GaUy V. To chew the juice out 

of any thing. 
Gauaga, s. A place where any 

thing has been chewed^ as sugar 

Gaua, ^ s. Hard spots in the 
Gauaia, / skin of the feet^ which 

cause intolerable itching. 
Gauafi, s, A firestick^ a brand. 
Gaue, s. A work, employ, busi- 
ness, employment, exercise ; 

cooked food. 
Gaue, V. To work ; to be em- 
Gaue, s. Motion, emotion. 
Gaue, r. To move, to shift. 
Gaueue, a. Loose, not fast. 
Gaufau, s. A fool; a term of 

reproach, as one who should 

chew the Fau 
Gaugau, a. Moist, damp. 
Gaugaue, t?. To be in motion. 
Gaugauji, v. To beg the JL 
Gaugutuvaka, a. Raised fore 

and aft ; lowest in the middle, 

as a canoe. 
Gaumatuu, a. Unsuitable, out 

of order, unbecoming. 
Gaunu, r. To move forward. 
Gauta, a. Many in number. 
Gauta, 17. To be in motion, ap- 
plied to a large number. 
Gautouta, v. To move, to rouse 

Gabulobulou, «, A bower, a 

natural arbour. 
Gabulobulou, v. To hang over ; 

to grow over, so as to form a 

hollow beneath. 
Gafa, s. A fathom. 
Gafigafi, s. A fine kind of mat. 
Gaga, f?. See Gauta. 
Gaga, V. To pant. 
Gagau, a. Damp, moist. 
Gagau, s. Pain in the head. 
Gagafa, v. To intermeddle, to 

trouble about what belongs to 

Ga^afii. s. A fish. 


Oagake, a. Wet, damp. 
Gagale, a. Death-like appearance 

of the eyes. 
GagaU, r. To gnaw; to bite in 

several places. 
Gagalu^ s. The streak or mark 

in the water by which it is 

knowi\ a fish is swimming. 
Gagana, r. To fall, to shed. 
Gagato, a. Saturated ; filled with 

Gagatu, a. Pleasant; agreeable 

to any or all the senses. 
Gahau, s. An arrow. 
Gahaha, s. A rustling noise, as 

one rushing through brush- 
Gahe, s. An epidemic languor; 

a tree. 
Gahe, ^ a. Weak, languid, 
Gagahe, ) surfeited. 
Gahele, ^ v. To creep, to 
Gahelehele,/ crawl; togocare- 

fully, as a cat. 
Gaholo, a. Swift, applied to 

Gaholo, 8* Swiftness in sailing. 
Gaholo, V. To remove, as fish 

after being some time in a 

place ; to move. 
Gahu, *, The name of a tree. 

Gahuiiu,} «• ^''"P' "~^*- 
Gaji, s. A war club. 
Gakau, s. The entrails, garbage. 
Gakigakii, s. The small of yams 

and bread fruit. 
Gake, «. See Oagake. 
Gako, s. Fat, lard. 
Gako, a. Fat, greasy. 
Gakovikovi, o. Foor, destitute. 
Gala, t?. To cry; to raise the 

voice above others. 
Galau, 8. A fish. 
Galatoka, s. A very fat pig. 
Galatoka, a. Exceedingly fat. 
Galebolebo, a. Weak, fragile. 
Galegale, v. To go alone ; to 

appear unbefriended. 



Galemu, l a. Soft, pliable, 

Galemulemii, I flabby. 

Gali^ a. Becoming, suitable, fit, 

agreeable to, probable. 
Gali, V. To gnaw. 
Ghiligali, ad. Likely, probably. 
GalililQi, s. The ripple caused 
by the fish when near the 
Galo, V. To forget ; to sink ; to 

be out of sight. • 
Galo, a. Forgetful, invariably | Gatetetete, 
prefixed by the noun mind, | tremour. 
Galoku, 1 «. Bent by pressure ; 
Galokuua,! circular in form. 
Galomakii, t?. To push under or 

out of sight. 
Galomekina, r. To be under 

Galu, r. A sporting place in the 
waves of the sea; billows, 
Galuolua, a. Full of broken' or 

separate reefs. 
Galugalu, s. The wake of a fish 

swimming near the surface. 
Galuhele, f • To swim together 
and chase each other in the 
Galuholoholo, s. A disease of 

the eyes. 
Galulu, ^ r. To shake, to 
Galulululu,/ tremble, to reel. 
Galulutuli, V. To shake inside 
but scarcely so as to be heard. 
Galutuku, s. The last wave or 
roller in which one swims on 
any occasion. 
Galutuku, r. To swim in a wave 

or roller for the last time. 
Ganagana, s. Impudence, for- 
Ganagana, a. Impudent, bold. 
Gknogano, a. Red, ruddy, 
blowzy, sunburnt. 

^^^' \ a. Weak, languid. 
Gasegase,) ' * 

Gata, s. The end; the snake, 


serpent ; name of one kind of 

sugar cane. 
Gataa^a, s. The ending place, 

confine, boundary. 
Gatye, s. The name of a tree. 
Gataefekefiji, s. The name of a tree 
Gatahi, a. Agreed, of one mind, 

Gatala, s. The name of a fish. 
Gatata, r. To jingle, to rustle. 
Gatata, s. A tree. 

V. To shake, to 

Gatetetuu, r. To be all in con- 
fusion and uproar. 

Gatolo, r. To move along in a 
body, as a canoe heavy laden ; 
a sow and young. 

Gatolo, a. Loose, not firm. 

Gatu, s. The native cloth. 

Gatu, r. To be in motion ; on 
the move. 

Gatu, s. Agitation, disturbance. 

Gatugatu, a. Second hand ; not 

Gavaivai, a. Languid, weak. 

Gavalea, r. To eat much in- 
ferior food ere better was seen. 

Gaveveveve, s. Goods and chat- 

Ge, ». To cough. 

Geegae, s» The name of a fish. 

Geegee, a. Fat, bloated. 

Geeji, s. A shell, a pod. 

Geeji, a. Empty. 

Geejinima, s. The finger nails. 

Geejitaha, s. The name of a shell 

Geejitaha, a. Poor, destitute, 
as the fish who has only a 
single shell. 

Geejivae, s. The toe nails, 

Gei, a. Fearful, great, many. 

Geia, a. Terrible, causing fear. 

Gege, a. Small, but invariably 
used ironically in reference to 
something large. 

Gegele, v. To wander and eat 
any thing that offers. 



Gehegehe, a. Cool, applied to 

the sun when some time past 

Geji, *. A very hard wood. 
Geji, 1 a. Firm, not shrurel- 
Gejigeji,/ led, applied to the 

Geli, s. The monkey. 
Gene, r. To desire, to cry for. 
GH, r. To whimper. 
Gigi, r. To drizzle, to whine. 
Gigie, 8. The name of a tree. 
GKgiefau, s. The name of a tree. 
Gigiekulu, 8. The name of a tree. 
Gigila, s, Polish, brightness. 
Gigila, a. Bright, shining. 
Gihi, V. To sob. 
Gini, a. Shrivelled. 
Goa, #. A shell fish. 
Goe, r. To be tired. 
Goue, s. Gardening ; a field or 

garden; agriculture. 
Goue, r. To garden ; to till the 

Goueia, a. Cultivated. 
Gofe, s. Name of a tree. 
Gofua, a. Unprohibited, not 

sacred, free. 
Gogo, s. A stout fat person 

whose doings bear no propor* 

tion to his or her size. 
Gogo, s. The sea gull. 
Gohe, 'I V. To treat kindly; 
Gohegohe,/ to speak affection- 
Golo, V. To snufRe; to speak 

through the nose. 
Gono, s. The cocoa nut while 

yet young. 
Gono, a. Watery, as vegetables 

too long in the earth. 
Goto, t?. To sink, to swamp. 
Goto, \ a. Short, thick set, 
Gotogoto,/ applied to the 

Gotula, 9, The name of a fish. 

Gotoumu, s. A native oven. 
Gu, s. A kind of yam. 
Gu, r. To grunt, to strain. 
Guatua, s. The murmuring of 

the common people against 

their chiefs. 
Gubuku, s. A kind of yam. 
Gufeke, s, A fish; 
Gugu, s. A hard swelling, tumour. 
Gugu, r. To crack or break up 

with the teeth, 
^gugugua, a. Afflicted with 

several hard swellings. 
Gugulu, r. To groan, to roar. 
Gugulu, s. A groan, a deep 

hoarse sound. 
Gugutu, V. To talk, to chatter. 
Gugutu, a. Open, empty, 
Gtihui, y^ r. To break up bones 
Guguhui, } with the teeth. 
Gulu, r. To make a grunting, 

muttering, murmuring, noise. 
Gulu, s. A grunter, a mutterer. 
Gutu, s. The mouth ; the open- 
Gutuava, *. The mouth or en- 
trance of a passage. ' 
Gutubabunoa, a. Loquacious, 

Gutugutu, s. Openings, holes. 
Gutugutuua, a. Double tonguod. 
Gutuhua, i. A jest, a joke, 

Gutuhua, a. Addicted to, fond 

of jesting. 
Gutuhuaia, p. To be pleased 

with or by what others do or 

Gutukao, s. The name of a fish. 
Gutulau, a. See Gutubabunoa. 
Gutulimu, 8. A fish. 
Gutulei, 8. The name of a bird* 
Gutuloloa, 8. The name of a fish. 
Gututalatala, 8. The name of a 

Guvaii 8. A kind of yam. 





HTHE ninth Letter in the 
A Tonga Alphabet. Its 

sound is that of h in hand* 
Ha, r. To appear in sight; to 

beat, to thresh. 
Ha, #• Appearance. 
Hii, arL A or an. 
Han, 8. A disease of the eye. 
Haa, a. Large ; bulky, but not 

Haaga, \9. The slain in battle. 
Haahaaji, 17. To exhort; to watch 

Haahaajia, a. Har4» uncomfort- 
able, applied to the stomach. 
Haaki, v. To throw down with 

violence ; to overcome. 
Haakina, f). To be thrown to the 

ground ; to be conquered. 
Haaku, pron. Mine. . 
Haamo, v. To carry on the 

shoulders, suspended from 

each end of a stick. 
Haamo, s* The stick used in 

carrying burdens as above. 
Haamoga, $. A burden or load 

carried as above. 
Haanu, r. To come or go on an 

errand of kindness. 
Haatuukau, s. A watch; one 

who has cJjarge of a chiei*s 

Haatuukau, r. To watch; to 

have in charge. 
Hae, 8. A rent, a tear. 
Hae, V. To tear; to strip off 

bark ; to prepare the cat fish 

for drying. 

HaeL I "' '^^^"* ^*^^"' 
Haehae, r. To tear into pieces ; 

to dilacerate. 
Haehae^ s. Rents, lacerations. 
Haele, v. To travel, to walk, 

to voyage, applied to chiefs ; 

to appear, applied to the gods. 

Haele, s. The act of walking or 

voyaging; the appearance of 

the gods. 
Haelea^a, s. The road or path 

in which chiefs or gods tra-* 

Haeleeletuu, r. To walk about 

almost constantly. 
Hai, \ m. To bind ; to fasten 
Haijia,) the hands or feet to- 
Hai, s. Bonds ; a kind of the 

Haihai, v. To tie up as a bundle; 

to fagot. 
Haijia, a. Bound, chained. 
Haituu, V, To fasten ; to tie in 

an erect position. 
Hao, r. To bring the head of 

the vessel into the eye of the 

Hao, a. Pleasing; agreeable to 

truth and justice. 
Hao, V. To escape ; to get clear ; 

to be free ; to have room ; to 

surround ; to encircle. 
Hao, pron. Thy. 
Haohao, v. To surround ; to sit 

in a ring; to enclose from every 

Haohaoa, a. Faultless, perfect, 

Haohaoa, s. Perfection. 
Haohaoga, ^ s. The midst, 

Haohaogamalie,/ enclosure, i\ 

circle ; persons sitting to form 

a circle. 
Haohaomua, v. To forestall ; to 

tell beforehand. 
Hau, r. To come, to arrive. 
Hau, 8. A conqueror ; reigning 

prince ; a large bone needle ; 

ornaments for them se or ears; 

the instrument used in tattoo- 
ing; the rings or holes made lev 

canoes to -^^^^ ^^ t^^^^'*- 



througli ; the takaga of the 

Haua^ r. To be exposed to the 

wind ; to blow to and fro ; to 

wander as one insane. 
Hauaiofaia^ v. To fret as a 

weaned child. 
Haue, 1 V. Togoatliberty; to 
Hauhaue^j act without restraint. 
Hauheke, v. To beat at random ; 

to strike any where and every 

Haugaholo, v. To steer so as to 

keep the sails full. 
HauhaUy a. Damp^ elastic. 
Hauhaufano, a. Open, airy. 
Uaujia, s. One left or abandoned 

by his comrades. 
Haujia, v. To be left alone ; to 

be deserted. 
Haujia, -I a. Damp, wet with 
Hauhaujia,) dew. 
Haukinima, r. To possess by the 

work of one's hands. 
Haukivae, s. The name of a 

hard stone. 
HauUliki, a. Fine, very fair, ap- 
plied to the weather. 
Haumi, s. One kind of banana. 
Haunamu, v. To strike at random. 
Hauni, v. To prepare before- 
hand; to forecast. • 
Haunoa, a. Contented; quiet, 

not ravaging. 
Habae, s. Crooked or lame in 

the feet. 
Habai, 'i v. To hold up in 
Habahabai, ) the hand. 
Habai, s. A present of food at 

the feast called Tautau. 
Habatuu, s. The name of a fish. 
Habe, a. Club footed. 
Habetui, a. Near, as the knees 

in walking. 
Habetui, s* One who walks as 

Habi, s. A kind of fish. 
Habini, p. To attend to, to be 
careful of. - 


Habo, t7. To catch any thing 

thrown ; to strike. 
Ha bo, s, A blow with a stick. 
Habohabo, v. To toss about ; to 

throw from hand to hand. 
Habu, s. The banana leaf tied 

at both ends to hold water. 

HabuJo!) »• To bulge out. 

Hafe, ^ r. To carry suspend - 

Hafehafe,) ed by a string from 
the neck or shoulder. 

Hafu, \ V. To drift before 

Hafuhafu,/ the wind ; to drop 
as water ; to fall as ripe^ 

Hafuhafukoka, v. To drop ; to 
fall in drops. 

Hafuhataha, a. Straight, orderly; 
in one line or way. 

Hafule, r. To shell ; to strip 
off the outside. 

Hafuni, a. Short, cropt, applied 
to the hair. 

Hafunoa, a. Free, without ob- 

Haga, r. To clip; to be fast 
from both right and left. 

Haga, s. A span length. 

Haga, 17. To face, to look at. 

Hagahaga, r. To be engaged. 

Hagahagai, a. Ahead, right op- 
posite, as the wind. 

Hagale, s. A tree. 

Hagamalie, a. Free from stones; 
free from obstructions. 

Haganaki, v. To persevere in 
work ; to work with spirit. 

Haganoa, a. Disengaged, un- 

Hagatamaki s. Any disease ap- 
pearing on the surface of the 
body ; a swelling, a sore. 

Hagatamaki, a. A£9icted as 
above; rough, stony. 

Hagatonu, v. To be in a line 
with any other object. 

Hagavolaki, v. To do by con- 



Hage, con. As, like as. 
Hage, 1 ad. Like; the same 
Hagehage,/ as; in the same 

Hago, r. To be strewed about. 
Hagole, V. To ransack ; to leave 

nothing unturned. 
Hagulu, a. See Gugulu, 
Halia, r. To appear ; to become 

visible. • 

Haha, s. A kind of fish. 
Haha, a. Fetid^ bad smelling^ 

applied to the dead. 
Haha, V. To exhibit one's self 

to another. 
Haha, v. To thresh; to beat 

Hahao, r. To escape ; to get 

out of danger, applied to 

Hahao, r. To bring a vessel into 

the eye of the wind ; to chal- 
Hahau, s. Dew, mist; a fish. 
Hahau, v. To hang ropes to dry; 

to fasten to ; to adze ; to chip 

logs of wood square ; to strike 

brandishing over the head. 
Hahaba, v. To near, to approach. 
Hahabae, a. Lame in the feet ; 

club footed. 
Hahabae, r. To walk weakly or 

totteringly along. 
Hahabo, s. A kind of wood 

pillow ; blows with a stick. 
Hahabo, r. To strike with a 

Hahafu, r. To drop; to fall in 

Hahaga, v. To clip; to take 

hold of as with tongs ; to cross. 
Hahaka, v. To flinch, to start. 
Hahake, s. The east. 
Hahake, a. Easterly. 
Hahake, a. Near the shore, 

used offish when they approach 

the shore in shoals. 
Hahaki, s. One way of taking 

£8h with nets. 

Haliala, t?. To cut open ; to tear 

Hahali, r. To scar; to slide 

along the surface. 
Hahalu, s. Sugar cane that has 

grown after the crop has been 

Hahalu, v. To gather the above. 
Hahalulu, r. To work; to labour, 

as a vessel in cross seas. 
Hahamu, v. To drive to and firo, 

as a vessel at anchor in a part 

that is rough ; to snatch one 

from another. 
Hahana, r. To be purged, ap- 
plied to children. 
Hahanoa,^^ v. To beat without 
Hahatuu, / care; to thresh at 


Hahave, a. Broken up, smashed; 

beaten to a pulp. 
Hajia, V. To be satiated, to be 

Hajia, s. The effect of contact 

with putridity. 
Haka, v. To boil any thing; 

to move the hands as in 

Haka, s. Food boiled; a hole 

cut into the trunk of trees for 

holding water. 
Hakau, s. A sunken reef or 


Hakalo, s. A scraper for scraping 

old nuts. 
Hakalo, v. To stir up, to mix, 
Hakaloki, v. To do in secret. 
Hakaluku, v. To mix ingredients 

with the hands. 
Hake, ad. Up, upwards. 
Hake, v. To ascend. 
Hake, s. Flatulency. 
Hake, v. To belch. 
Hakeakii | v. To lift up, to 
Hakeekina, / exalt, to promote, 

to dignify. 
Hakeakii, s. One who promotes, 

exalts, OT d\^TvS$ifc% ^\5svet^\ 



Hakehake, s. A pli 

gradually rises. 
Hakili, V. To desire, to long 

Hakina, \ a. Terrified, af- 
Hakinakina, > irighted. 
Makinikini, v. To make a finish ; 

to gather all ; to le.tve none. 

S^uiS,..,} -To bulge „„.. 
Hako, s. OfFspring, descendant. 
Hako, 1 r. To spring up ; 

Hakohako, I to increase, as the 

Hako, \ a. Long, straight, 
Hakohako,/ applied to trees; 

strong, as the mind. 
Hakoi, *. A long straight stick. 
Haku, s. A kind of fish. 
Haku, pron. My. 
Hakula, s. The name of a fish. 
Hakule, v. To ransack ; to 

rummage over, 
Hakuna, r. To do in imitation 

of another; to pursue the work 

of one dead. 
Hala, s. Demise, apphed to the 

Tuitoffa and Tamalia ; a road 

or path, doorway, or entrance; 

error, mistake ; a sacred club. 
Hala, V. To err, to miss, to 

Hala, tt. Incorrect, wrong. 
Haliiabi, s. A range or a number 

of houses and premises. 
Halaia, s. Sinner, convict, de- 
Halaia, a. Sinful, guilty. 
HalauflT, V. To force a passage; 

to tear open. 
Halababa, s. A high road; a 

beaten path. 
Halafaki, . 1 v. To take an- 
Halahalafaki,/ other route to 

avoid individuals; to take a 

circuitiiu? range, as one in 

JHalaga, s.. The road of animals. 
J/a/ahalai, ti. To force a way ; 


that , to disentangle, to extricate, to 

Halahalaga, a. Full of cracks, 

as glass or wood. 
Halakamu, s. A kind offish. 
Halakamukalia, s. A kind of 

Halakava, s. The beard. 
HaUla, s. A kind of mat. 
Halamotomoto, ». To gather the 

cocoa nuts that have kernel as 

well as milk. 
Halatoho, s. A draw bridge ; 

Halavao, v. To make a way 

through the bush. 
Halefu, s. A fish. 
Hali, » r. To scar; to strike 
Hiilia,/ and pass on. 
Haliaga, *. The place, the scar 

of a weapon thrown or shot. 
Halifuea, s. Hunger at sea. 
Haiifuea, a. Hungry. 
Haloba,| a. Drawn in, contract- 
Halobe,/ ed, as the stomach 

when very hungry. 
Halofia, s. Hunger. 
Halofia, a. Hungry. 
Halotu, V. To sob in crying; 

to palpitate. 
Halotu, s.- Palpitation, pitapat. 
Halu, V. To seek fish. 
Halua, V. To he carded; to be 

torn or shred up. 
,H»lu, I u. To card or shred 
Ha)ulialu,J any thing. 
Halulu, V. To exliibit displeasure 

at one on the look out lor Ibod. 
Haluvao, V. To eat what may 

be found in the bush. 
Haluvale, v. To eat any thing 

that comes to hand, 
Hama, x. The smaller part of a 

double canoe ; the leeward ; 

the outrigger; a preparation 

for marking. 
Hama, t>. To mark, to chalk. 
Hamaua, v. To marry two wives 
at one and. t\\e ^Avie ^Ktoc. 



Hamanaki, r. To expect, to 
depend upon. 

Hamatefua, s. The smallest 
sailing canoe* 

Hamiha,\ a. Thoroughly dry; 

Hamoa, / brittle 

Hamu, V. To twitch or draw up 
the limbs as in pain ; to eat 
food of one kind only ; to 
snatch or tear away ; to take 
by storm. 

Hamuji, v. To pluck or snatch 

Hamunoa, \ v. To work away 

Hamumunoa, / careless and ig- 
norant of what is going on. 

Hana, s. A kind of grass, Indian 
corn; diarrhoea, flux. 

Hana, v. To shoot water as 
through a syringe. 

Hanahana, s. A slight diarrhoea. 

Hanatoto, s. Bloody flux. 

Hani, \ v. To spoil, to disleave, 

Hania,/ to strip. 

Hanihani, r. To strip, to clean 

Hanoku, ^ v. To set up 

Hanokua, > the back, by 

Hanokunoku, -^ 

Hanono, v. To cringe; to ap- 
pear afraid. 

Hanu, V. To murmur, to com- 

Hanuhanu, e?. To glory in, to 
boast of. 

Hatukaui, s. A person who has I 
charge of a female chief. | 

Hatukaui, v. To watch ; to ac- | 
company as a keeper. 

Havei, v. To break, to destroy. 

Havehave, v. To be broken up ; 
to be smashed to pieces. 

Havele, a. Inquisitive, impor- 

Haveve, v. To ransack ; to turn 
over and over. 

Havili, s. A gale, a blast. 

Havili, V. To blow hard. 


bending for- 

Haviligia, r. To be detained or 
overtaken by hard blowing. 

Havilivili, *. A gentle breeze, 

Havilivili, v. To blow gently. 

He, art. The. 

He, a. Astray, lost ; out of the 

He, V. To err, to deviate. 

He, ad. There, that place. 

He, s. A part of the inside of 
certain shell fish. 

Hea, s. The name of a tree, the 
fruit of which supplies one of 
the ingredients used in print- 
ing the native cloth. 

Hea, s. A heathen dance. 

Hee, s. Grasshopper. 

Hee, I V. To drive fish into 

Heehee, > the net by striking 
the water. 

Hee, s. The above mode of catch- 
ing fish. 

Heeheekina,) v. To call or re- 

Heekina, / peat several times 
the name of another. 

Heeheevao, s. A small black 

Heeki, ad. Not yet. 

TT .? • I V. To be on one side, 

Heia ^ 

Heheia,} "; ^o talk i.i sleep. 

Heilala, s. The name of a tree. 

Heu, V. To ward off'; to catch 
birds on the wing ; to turn 
over with a stick ; to ste^r the 
paddling canoe. 

Heu, 'I V. To stir round and 

Heuheu,) round. 

Heutaha, v. To be of one father. 

Heutala, v. To ward off' in con- 
versation ; to give another 

Hebu, s. The rear; the last 
troop or party 

Hefa, s. A kind of grass. 

Hefe, ad. Where, 

Hefu, V. To dress with the 



same dirty thing for a long 

Hega, s, A small bird; the 
thread tail at the end of a 
Tonga fish hook. 

Hegi, V, To scar; to burn any 
eruption in the skin. 

Hegi, a. Wild not tame. 

Hegihegi, s. The dawn of day. 

Hegofua, a, Errable; liable to 
error or seduction. 

Hegofua, s. Fallibility, frailty. 

Hehe, r. To stray; to miss the 
way ; to wander. 

Hehea, s. Scarcity ; one here 
and there only ; a tree and its 

Hehee, v. To drive away. 

Hehefaga, s. A kind of the plan- 

Hehega, v. To seek earnestly ; 
to be solicitous. 

Hehegi, a. Wild, untame. 

Hehehu,| v. To prevaricate ; 

Hehu, / to shume in conver- 

Heheka, v. To heal ; to fill up 
as a wound. 

Heheke, a. Smooth, slippery. 

Heheke, t>. To skim or glide 
along the surface ; to be be- 
guiled or deceived. 

Heheki, v. To strut ; to walk 

Hehele, v. To cut. 

Hehema, v. To be persuaded 
to fall into the views of othei«. 

Hehetuu, v. To reel, to stagger. 

Heka, r. To sit upon any thing. 

Hekaaga, s. A seat, a saddle. 

Hekataki, v. To rise from within; 
to swell out. 

Heke, v. To move on the pos- 

Hekea, v. To slide, to slip. 

Hekeatuu, v. To slide; to slip, 

but go along. 
Uekega, s. A perch for birds. 
Hekehekcj a. SlippQjry, smooth. 


Hekenoa, v. To go; to be where 

one has no business. 
Heki, 1 V. To push out ; to 
Hekiheki, / extend to right and 

Heku, s. A small bird; a proud 

and lazy person. 
Hela, s. The asthma; shortness 

of breath. 
Hela, r. To be tired, asthma- 

tical, weary. 
Hele, s. A knife ; a shell fish. 
Hele, V. To catch in a noose ; to 

ensnare, to evade, to dissemble; 

to cut, to lacerate. 
Helea, v. To cut off; to belie, 

to dissemble. 
Hele-oboji, s, A butcher's knife. 
Heleua, v. To divide, to cut in 

Hele-unuki s. A shank knife. ' 
Hele-fufu, s. A clasp knife. 
Heleganaki, v. To do under a 

pretext of doing some other 

Helehu, s. A snare for the head. 
Hele-koji, s. Scissors. 
Helema, s. The shell of the 

Helemaka, *. The harp shell. 
Heleta, s. A sword. 
Heleveka, s. One kind of sugar 

Heli, s. The name of a fish. 
Helu, s, A comb. 
Helu, j V. To comb the 
Heluhelu,/ hair. 
Hema, a. Left handed. 
Hemehemalea, i >. To criticise 
Hemehematala,/ upon words 

or language. 
Hena, ad. That place, there. 
Heni, ad. This place, here. 
Hi, s. Semen. 
Hia, s. Sin, guilt. 
Hia, a. Sinful, guilty. 
Hiabo, ^ ,9. The tree the 
Hiabotoga,/ bark of which 

suppVves l\\e Taba» 



mui, V. To stand on the 
sive; to fight when driven 
5y aggression, 
tafaiva, s. An offender 
gets clear of punish- 

tavalea, s. An offender 

s not clever to get out of 

ay of punishment. 

9. The manner of catching 

it II, 

V, To go in search of the 

>o, s. A shrub. 
'. Foolish. 

. Askaunt, awry, crooked ; 
rect, not upright. 
1 V, To cut, to shave ; 
, / to pare with a knife. 
. A sacrifice, an obla- 

. To offer in sacrifice ; to 
ind, to come down ; to 
d a vessel. 

d, Down, downwards. 
s, A swelling ; an in- 

a. Swollen, inflamed. 
1,) s. The descending 
i place; the landing 

* • 

?. A fall, degradation. 
;. To fall, to stumble, 
a, s. Any thing by which 
aumbles and falls. 
, 6-. The name of a tree, 
le, s. The name of a shell 

s. Name, designation. 
?. The name of fish. 
. The name of a shell 

?. To dislodge from the 

\ V. To speak evil, to 
( backbite, to deride. 
s. An opening, a per- 

a, s» A place where, old 

nuts, &c. have been got out 

of the shell. 
Hihifi, r. To cut. 
Hihifo, *. The west. 
Hihigo, t7. To start aside, to 

Hihiki, v. To raise, to lift up ; 

to raise the eyes. 
Hihiko, V. To snatch up, to 

Hihili, a. Better; more valua- 
Hihili, Vs To rob birds' nests ; to 

to stand or sit upon a branch. 
Hika, a. Straight, stiff on end, 

applied to the hair. 
Hiki, V. To lift, to remove. 
Hikiaga, s. The cause or reason 

of removing; the place to 

which a thing is generally 

Hikiinaji, €?. To divide out food 

for the gods ; to devote. 
Hikihake, v. To be lifted up, to 

be raised. 
Hikihiki, v. To move by lifting. 
Hikihikimaamaa, v. To move 

Hikihikimamafa, v. To move 

fceavily or unwillingly. 
Hikijia, v. To lift up, to exalt^ 

to flatter. 
Hikimokulukulu, v. To take or 

remove in an unfinished state* 
Hikita^a, v. The act of removing 

the bones of the dead. 
Hikitaki, v. To exaggerate, to 

add to, to throw or fling. 
Hikitaki, s, A throw or fling. 
Hikiteki, v. To remove sudden- 

Hikituha, v. To work in order 
or in line. 

Hiko, «?. To take out of the fire 
or sun ; to blow as in a hur- 

Hiko, ^ V, To coil up, to 

Hikohiko, / twist up ; to collect 
together. , 



Hikohikobuku, r. To collect or 

gather up quickly. 
Hiku, V. To go awry, 
liikui, \ V. To turn out of 
Hikuhikui,/ the way; to set 

astray ; to misrepresent. 
Hikuhau, s. The present the 

remaining government. 
Hiku, I s. The end, the 
Hikuhiku,/ point of a thing. 
Hikuleo, s. Name ofa Tonga god. 
Hikumanunu, s. The name of a 

Hikumatagi, *. The end or 

finishing of a hurricane. 
Hikuitagata, s. The remains of 

of men in former times. 
Hila, v. To look askaunt; to 

turn the eyes about. 
Hilatalifaki, v. To blow from the 

direction in which lightning 

was seen, 
Hili, V. To put upon ; to prepare 

arrow root. 
Hili, s. The end or termination; 

the preparation of arrow root. 
Hiliaga, s. A table, shelf; any 

thing on which things are laid. 
Hilifaki, v. To lay or put upon. 
Hiliga, s. A number of spears 

laid together ; a place or plat- 
form on which things are laid. 
Hiliga, a. Becoming, agreeable; 

what should be. 
Hiligaumoji, s. The upper lip. 
HiUgameaa, s. The seventh 

moon in the Tonga year. 
Hiligakelekele, s. The sixth 

moon in the Tonga year. 
Hilihili, V. To seek fruit when 

only few and scarce. 
Hilo, s. The anus. 
Hina, ^. A bottle of any kind ; 

the gourd ; a large spider. 

Hineiiina,} «• White, grey. 
Hinababalagi, s. The pumpkin ; 
tAe water mellon, 
H/nakaiuga, a. Gray headed, as 


a punishment for eating the 

Hinoi, V, To inspect, to criticise; 

to direct, to give instructions. 
Hiva, s. A song, a hymn. 
Hiva, r. To sing. 
Hiva, a. Nine. 
Hivagofulu, a. Ninety. 
Hivageau, s. Nine hundred. 
Hivehiva, v. To chime, to 


Hiviivae, s. The shin ; the fore- 
part of the leff. 


Hoo,l ^^^^' '^^y^ *'^^- 

Hoa, s, A second ; a companion ; 
a heathen game. 

Hoa, V, To couple ; pair with ; 
to fellow ; to accord or agree 

Hoata, a. Yellow ripe, mellow. 

Hoata, s. About mid day. 

Hoata-efiafi, s. A little past noon 

Hoata-bogibogi, s. A little before 
noon day. 

Hoata-mane, s. Meridian, noon 

Hoi, s. A shrub and its fruit. 

Hoi, s. An expression, desire. 

Hoifakafanogo, v. To sigh hea- 
vily ; to excite attention. 

Hoifua, a. Agreeable, comfort- 
able, favourable. 

Hoifua, V. To smile, to be 

Hoihoifua, «. Fair, beautiful, 
applied to females ; applied 
also to female chiefs when old 
and infirm. 

Hoonamooni, v. To be really 
and truly related. 

Hou, a. Rough, applied to the 
sea; qualmish, inclined to 

Houa, V. To send ; to command 
on an errand. 

Houeiki s. Chiefs of rank ; 



Houga, 1?. To be acceptable ; to | 
be received with approbation. 

Houhau^ s. Anger, wrath ; a fish, 

Houhau, a. Angry, wrathful. 

Houhauulumaka, s, A fish. 

Houhauta, s. A fish. 

Houmotua, s. The children by 
a former husband or wife. 

flounoa, a. Contented, not fretful. 

Hfoutamaki, a. Masterly, imperi- 

[louteliaatu, s. The name of a 

loutoga, V. To oppress; to treat 
unkindly ; to govern with 

loutuu, I *. Commotion, per- 

louhoutuu,/ turbation, agita- 

[ioutuu, ^ a. Tumultuous, 

hlouhoutuu,/ agitated. 

Hoba, s. The banana or plantain. 

Hobo, V. To eat unrestrained 
and to satiety. 

Hobo, \ V. To jump, to 

Hobohobo, ( ' leap. 

Hobo, s. A jump, a spring, a 

Hoboagalaa, s. The east. 

Hoboate, s. A captive ; persons 
taken in war. 

Ilobokaga, s. The time for jump- 
ing or cominff forward. 

Hoboki, s. The ceremony of the 
first lady going on board a new 

Hobokaki, v. To jump or leap 
with any thing in the hand. 

Hobutu, s. The name of a fish. 

Hofa, 6\ The name of a shell 

Jlofa, s. The Teve when rotten 
and stinking very badly. 

Ilofagahau, s. The case in which 
arrows are kept. 

Hofole, s. The name of a fish. 

Hoge, ^ s. Famine, dearth, 

Hogehoge, i scarcity of food. 

Hogea, V. To be short of food. 


Hogi, r. To smell, to sniff. 
Hogo, s. The bladder of small 

Hogofulu, a. Ten. 
Hogohago, s. Small sticks for 

fire wood. 
Hogohogo, s. A kind of grass. 
Hohaa,a. Uncomfortable, uneasy, 

Hohaa, s. Disquiet, uneasiness, 

Hohaaji, v. To arouse ; to cause 

Hohoatamaki, a. Unequal in 

Hoho, a. Full, as an island when 

many are collected together. 
Hoho, a. Soft, yielding, as earth 

after rain. 
Hohoia, V. To be pleased or 

Hohogo, a. Smelling like urine. 
Hohoka, s. The name of one 

fishing net ; the act of taking 

fish with the Hohoka. 
Hohoko, V. To trace out the 

pedigree of a person. 
Hohoko, a. Continuous, un- 
broken; full, applied to the 

tide when it does not ebb out. 
Hoholi, r. To fawn; to play 

about one as a child. 
Hoholo, V, To wipe, to rub, to 

Hohomo, s. The name of a fish. 
Hohomo, v» To give, to slacken ; 

to become loose. 
Hohoni, s. The nut shell pre- 
pared and used for carrying 

Hohoni, v. To lance; to make 

small incisions in several places. 
Hohota, V. To make a slopping 

noise, as a pig eating. 
Hoka, ) «?. To pierce, to stab ; 
Hokai,/ to take off the husk 

of the nut* 
Hoka, s, A small cross timber 

in a Tonga house. 



Hoknagn, s. The place at which 
the /loka was performed. 

Hokatuu, s. An upright sup- 

Hokatatua, v. To pierce or stab 

HokituUy a. Full, crowded. 

Hoko, V. To come, to come to 
pass, to apply ; to fetch a 
place, to arrive at ; to flow as 
the tide ; to come next. 

Hoko, a. Next ; nearest in place 
or gradation. 

Hoko, s. Image, likeness ; the 
one who succeeds. 

Hokoaga, s. A joint ; the place of 

Hokoifa, s. The root of the tree 
called Fa, 

Hokojia, V, To have arrived or 
come to pass. 

Hokohoko, V, To splice, to join ; 
to set in order one after an- 

Hokohoko, 1 a. Continuous, 

Hokohokotuu,/ unceasing. 

Hokomau, s. A shell fish. 

Hokotaga, s. A joint ; the place 
for a joint ; a splice. 

Hokotaki, v. To bring up to ; to 
join on. 

Hoku, pron. My, mine. 

Hola, V. To desert, to elope, to 

Hola, s. Departure, elopement. 

Holamakifu, v. To abscond; to 
get clear and far away. 

Holataki, v. To abscond with ; 
to carry off; to allow to run 
off in steering. 

Holehole, v. To wear as a 
soldiers cross belt over one 
shoulder and under the op- 
posite arm. 

Holi, s. Longing, earnest desire. 

Holi, i\ To desire, to long 
7/o//7jo/j, r. To manifest anxiety 

or concern. 


Holiji,' s, A partition ; the reed- 
ing of a Tonga house. 

Holiji, V. To reed a house; to 

Holi-kovi, s. Concupiscence, lust, 
evil desire. 

Holi-kovi, a. Lustful, lewd. 

Holo, s. A towel; any thing 
used as a wiper. 

Holo, V, To wipe, to dry ; to 
fall, to move in quick suc- 
cession. ^ 

Holo, a. Comfortable, refresh- 


Holoa, s, A disease in the eyes 
of children. 

Holoaki, \ v. To push on in 

Holoholoaki,/ succession; to 
move along. 

Holoi, V. To wipe, to rub off. 

Holoi, 1 V. To push ; to knock 

Holoki,/ down; to demolish. 

Holoitouga, V, To be going and 
coming without intermission. 

Hologa, s. A class, a kind, a 

Holoholo, s, A pocket handker- 
chief; a towel. 

Holoholo, V, To wipe, to rub, 
to scrape clean. t^ . 

Holoki, a. Preferable, better. 

Holotaki, v. To redeem. 

Homihomi,} ^- ^o sniff. 
Homo, I V. To slacken; to 

Homohomo,/ become loose, to 

let go. 
Homokula, s, A fish. 
Honii, r. To lance. 
Honihonii, v. See Hohoni. 
Hono, pron. His, hers, its. 
Hu, s. Worship, sacrifice. 
Hu, V. To worship, to pray ; to 

enter within. 
Hua, V. To tack, to row, to 

skudd ; to root or turn up the 

Hua, s. The taste. 



paration of food; 8kuddii\g 
oars; juice, milk. 

Hua, a. Comical^ ludicrous, 

Huaaki, v. To mention, to re- 
peat, to speak of. 

Huai, V, To turn up, to pour 
out, to spill. 

Huaga, s. An entrance, thresh- 

Huaaga, s. A place where pigs 
have been rooting. 

Huaekina, v. To speak of. 

Huaohei, v. To joke and act 
the familiar till punishment 

Huamelie, i. Any thing sweet to 
the taste. 

Huanoa, a. Unseasonable; out 
of order ; overflowing. 

Huanoa, s. Injudicious and un- 
becoming talk. 

Huafakatua, v. To joke disgust- 

Hue, V. To project out. 

Hueekina, v. To repeat; to re- 
fer to or speak of some past 

Hueina, a. Wet from something 

Huelo, s. Rays of light. 

Hui, s. A bone ; a needle. 

Hui, 1 V, To dilute; to mix 

Huihui,/ liquids; to slip over 
or off. 

Huibalalulu, s. A rib bone. 

Huifohe, s. The shoulder blade. 

Huifuhi, V. To gather in bunches. 

Huihui, a. Storu', thorny. 

Huikouahe, s. The cheek bone. 

Huila, s. A fish. 

Huitutulu, s. A preparation of 

Huo, s. A spade, a hoe. 

Huo, \ V. To hoe, to dig, 

Huohuo, / to clear away weeds. 

Huofa, s. The name of a fish. 

Huohuai, v. To open up; to 
lift a covering. 


Huui, r. To tread; to head 
towards, as in sailing or lying. 

Huufataha, a. Parallel, straight, 
in one line or direction. 

Huuhuu, Ok Shamefaced; fear- 
ing to be suspected; imagining 

Huuhuufaki, r. To expect, to 

Hufaga, s. A refuge, a shelter. 

Hufaga, V, To take shelter or 
refuge. . 

Hufaki, ) V, To intercede ; to 

Hufakii,/ enter or bring into. 

Hufekina, r. To make interces- 

Hufi, p. To open, applied to 
places for religious worship. 

Hufia, s. Intercession. 

Hufia, V, To intercede. 

Hugalu, s. Any thing small 
that has been dciven to and 
fro by the sea ; a dead shell. 

Huhu« a. Wet. 

Huhu, s. The breasts ; the dug 
or teat of animals ; a fork, a 
skewer, a lancet. 

Huhu, V. To suck ; to bleed ; 
to puncture ; to sting. 

Huhua, &. Milk, juice, gravy. 

Huhua, V. To root as a pig. 

Huhui, s. A redeemer. 

Huhui, V. To redeem, to buy 

Huhuhuhu, a. Full of knots or 

Huhuhuhu, I V, To pierce, to 

Huhuki, / prick. 

Huhukia, s. A pricking sensa- 
tion felt in the soles of the 

Huhukia, v. To be pricked or 
pierced by insects, as fruit. 

Huhulu, a. Clear, luminous, un- 

Huhumama, t?. To doubt, to 

Huhunu, s. Blight; a disease 
in the sk\Tx. 



Huhunu^ V. To singe, to sear, 
to blight. 

Huhutefua, s. A shell fish. 

Huhuvalu, s. A shell fish. 

Huke, r. To sail upon the 

Huke, ) r. To hold or tuck 

Hukehuke,/ up the dress. 

Huki, V. To pierce, to puncture. 

Huki, V. To hold on the lap; to 
clasp ; to dandle. 

Hukia, V. To be pierced or stung. 

Hukihuki, v. To calk. 

Hula, a. Bulged, distended. 

Hula, r. To carry any thing 
large or bulky. 

Hulaamua, v. To act the gentle- 

Hulali, s. A shell fish. 

Hulamokebi, r. To speak sparing- 
ly, since what is complained of 
in others may be found at 

Huli, s. The name of a fish ; a 
plant, a sapling, a shoot. 

Hulihuli, V. To send up many 
shoots or saplings. 

Hulihuli, s. A shell fish. 

Hulohula, s. A kind of the 

Hulu, s. Leaves dead and dried. 

Hulu, t?. To plunge; to push; 
to rush under water, as a 
canoe in a heavy sea. 

Huluia, V. To repair mats ; to 
light, to be enlightened. 

Huluaki, v. To enlighten. 
Hiilugaki, V. To incline to; to 
be determined upon. 

Huluhulu, V. To repair the 

thatch ; to light, to enlighten ; 

to be covered with dry and 

dead leaves. 
Huluhulunaki, r. To persevere; 

to act with determination. 
Hulukabe, v. To fasten the 

dress above the chest, applied 

to men. 
Hulukebi, v. To fasten the dress 

above the chest, applied to 

Hulumaki, v. To push in or 

Hulumokebi, v. To adjust and 

fasten up the dress. 
Hulumua, V. To go with chiefs ; 

to become a Mua ; to rush 

Hulutua, 9. To associate with 

the poor ; to act as a Tua. 
Humaki, v. To push through. 
Humataniuaki, v. To persevere 

in taking any thing to another; 

to deliver directly to the person 

Humu, «7. To stumble and fall. 
Humu, s. The name of a fish. 
Humumoana, s. The name of a 

Humuhumuki, s. The name of a 

Hune, s. A tree. 
Hunuhunu, r. To toast, to singe, 

to broil. 
Hunuhunuki,^ v. To rod the 
Hunuki, J yams ; to stick 

the reed into any thing. 


J THE tenth Letter in the 
^ Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of ch in cheese, 
Ji, s. The name of a tree. 
J/, p. To toss or throw along; 
/o turn towards. 


Jia, s. A mound or hillock raised 
with soil. 

Jia, V. To net, to knit nets. 

Jiaa, a. Good. 

Jiaamalie, a. Easy of discern- 



Jiaatamaki) v. Difficult of dis- 

Jiauha, s. A little rain but 
enough to wet ; a littte affair 
but serious in its consequences. 

Jiaki, V. To abandon; to cast 

Jiale, s. A tree. 

Jialetafa, s. A tree. 

Jialetoga, s. A tree. 

Jiana, s, A vagabond (used 

Jiekina, s, A cast off; one desert- 

Jii, a. Small, little. 

Jio, V. To looky to stare. 

Jio, s. The name of a shell fish. 

Jioata, s, A mirror, a glass; 
any thing which reflects the 

Jioata^ V. To look at a mirror. 

Jiojio, > V. To gaze ; to stare 

Jiojionoa,/ about. 

Jiojioua, «7. To look two ways ; 
to try to please two opposing 

Jiotoofa, ^ The Tonga salu- 

Jiokuofa,/ tation. 

Jiofakamamau, v. To look stead- 

' fastly ; to fasten the eyes upon. 

Jiokalojio, r. To be angry at 
another for doing what he 
himself is doing. 

Jiu, 8. A race with paddling 

Jiu, f. To seek sharks. 

Jiba, V. To stagger, to falter. 

Jiba, a. Inaccurate,* not cor- 

Jibejiba, s. The name of a fish ; 
the chirping of a number of 

Jibi, s. A slap or blow with the 
open hand ; the noise by 
which it is known the party 
has killed an enemy ; a felUng 

Jibi, V. To smite with the flat of 
the hand; to cut out as gar- 

ments ; to chip into shreds ; tor 

sing and shout on having 

killed one in war. 
Jibijibi, v. To cut into shreds 

or pieces. 
Jifa, s. The mother of pearl shell ; 

a play. 
Jifa, \ f7. To glide ; to shoot 
Jijifa,/ along. 

Jifatafata, v. To smite the breast. 
Jifijifi, s. The name of a fish. 
Jifijifiloufau, s. The name cf a * 

Jifijifinaivatu, s. The name of & 

Jifijifitalu, s. The name of a 

Jigejiga, a. Difficult, as travel- 
ling at noon day. 
Jiji, s. A dress for working in, 

made from the leaves of the 

Jiji, «?. To charge, to command. 
Jijijiga, I a. Noon day, vertical 
Jijijijiga,/ heat 

Jijigi> «?• To strike the back when 

Jijina, v. To strangle ; to seize 

by the throat ; to force open. 

See Jina. 
Jijina, s. Strangling. 
Jika, s. A play ; the upper part 

of the head of the pig. 
Jikaamaui, s. Columns of smoke. 
Jikaki, v. To exhort. 
Jikakoa, v. To Jika for pro- 
Jikava, s. A fish. 
Jikavi, s. One kind of the Tah, 
Jike, ^ V. To sit on the 
Jikejike,) heels. 
Jike, *. A shell fish. 
Jikijiki, s. The name of one of 

the ropes in a Tonga canoe. 
Jikiviu, s. A small bird. 
Jiko, s. Excrescence. 
Jikota, *; A bird, (the king 

fisher ;) also, a ^articMlax kvcL'l 

of a war c\u\>. 



Jila, s. The yards of a canoe; 
the sailyard. 

Jilalalo, s. The lower sprit or 
yard in a canoe. 

Jilatuu, s. The upper sprit or 
yard in a canoe. 

Jiliy V. To fish with a hand net ; 
to break the teeth. 

Jilii, > r. To break any thing 

Jilijili,/ hard. 

Jilijili, s. Lights from canoes 
sailing in the night. 

Jiiikekina, v. To chase, to pur- 

Jilita, s. A large fishing net. 

Jilita, V. To fish with the above. 

Jiloba, s. One kind of the Ji, 

Jikula, s. One kind of the Ji. 

Jilojilo, a. Sharp pointed. 

Jimu, I s. Heavy blowing; 

Jimujimu, / almost a hurricane. 

Jina, s. A long wedge for spUt- 
ting up the kava; a wedge. 

Jina, V. To wedge. 

JinamanUy #• A breeding animaL 

Jini, V. To be satiated; thoroughly 

Jinifuy *, Polygamy, polygamist; 
the wives of a polygamist. 

Jino, *. A body; the trunk of 
a tree ; any substance ; dimen- 

Jino, a. Stoutf corpulent, large. 

Jitakafalu,! v. To turn the back 

Jitua, J upon. 

Jitega, V, To appear anxious. 

Jiva, V, To be ashamed, as one 
disappointed of his expectation. 


KTHE eleventh Letter in 
m the Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sounds are those of c in cart, 
and g in gang, 

^^' } con. But, if, for. 

Ka, \ ad. Although, notwith- 

Kae,i standing, nevertheless. 

Ka, V. To treat the gods. with 

Ka, t?. To hawk; to force phlegm 
. from the throat. 
,y Kaaga, a. Empty, shadowy, un- 

Kaea, v. To deride, to mock. 

Kai, s. Food, victuals. 

Kai, V. To eat ; to corrode ; to 
consume gradually ; to bite. 

Kaiaga, s. A place where food 
has been eaten ; table; manger; 
the time and place for eat- 

Kaibo^ r. To eat in the sly. 
Kaiboji, v. To take food without 

tAe knowledge of its owner. 

Kaifiji, V. To eat from different 
places; to depend upon others 
for food. 

Kaifonua, s. A name given to 
the working peculation. 

Kaiga, s. A relative, fKend, af- 
finit}', kinsman. 

Kaiga, pari. Related. 

Kaihaa, s. A thief, thefl; depre- 

Kaihaa, i r. To thieve; to 

Kaihaaji,/ steal. 

Kaihaajia, v. To be stolen. 

Kaikai, v. To eat, applied to 

Kaikaifiu, v. To eat after being 
satisfied ; to over work. 

Kaila, s. The war whoop. 

Kaila, v. To shout. >/ 

Kailakaia, v. To rush past one 
bait to swallow another. 

Kailu, V. To eat the fragments 
I of a meal. 
\ Kaima\otafo?i, n. To eat but with 


Kaimttuu, g. A disease of the 

Kaina a. Peopled ; occupied by 

persons from different places. 
Kainaga, s. People, tribe. 
Kainiloto, s. A disease in the 

nose and tfaroat» 
l^aitaunoaia, f. To catch fish 

where it was not expected. 
Kaitama, r. To eat a child ; to 

cast ofi* or neglect one's own 

Kaivao, v. To live in the bush. 
Kaivale, «. To eat alone ; to eat 

in the sly. 
Kaoinima, g. The fingers. 
Kaokso, «. The sides of a Tcssel 

or canoe. 
Kaokaoleleva, *. The name of 

a shell fish. 
Kaokaotakai, r. A canoe with 

sides bulged out. 
Kaokaotuu, al A canoe with 

sides straight up and down, 
^au, pron. I. 
Kau, «. The stem or stalk ; the 

Kau, t>. To interfere; to inter- 
meddle ; concern ; to coun- 
Kau, a. Numeral seventy. 
Kau, The sign of the plural, 

applying generally to rational 

Kaua, s. A boundary fence, 

generally of trees. 
Kau^Ja, s. A bier ; a hand bar- 
Kauala, «. To carry on a bier. 
Kauamotua, ». Land mark ; a 

boundary fence. 
Kauila, r. To fasten the sail to 

the yards. 
Kauila, s. The mere remnant of 

a sail. 
Kauimaea, v. To beat or flog 

with a rope. 
Kauimaea, s. A short length of 

rope; a Bogmag with a rope. 

Kauitalanoai \ v. To interfere, 
Kauivaaga, i to meddle; to 

speak in what one is uot at all 

Kauga, s. Fellow, associate. v' 
Kaugaabi, s. Neighbour; one 

of the same place. 
Kaugagaue,! x. Workmen, fel- 
Kaugaue, ^ / low workmen. 
Kau^amalie, a. Proportioned, 

suitable, easy. 
Kaugamea, t, A company, a 

gang, accomplice. 
Kaugatamaki, a. Diaproportion- 

ed, difficult, unequal. 
Kaugoue, a. Gardeners 
Kauhaki, ». To persevere. 
Kauhilaua, ». To hold with two 

contending parties, a friend 

to neither. 
Kauhiva, *. Singers. 
Kaukau, a. A bath, a wash ; a 

cutting in the male parts of 

Kaukau, u. To wash, to bathe ; 

to preform the above operation. 
Kaukaua, a. Athletic, strong, 

Kaukauola, v. To depend upon; 

to trust to as one generally 

useful. , 
Kaukaiihaki, v. To persevere; 

to act determinately^ 
Kaukauloa,) ». To allow a vessel 
Kauloa, / to go ahead when 

tacking or bringing up. 
Kaulalo, ». The lower yards of 

a canoe. 
Kauloa, a. Unkind ; unhealthy, 

as fruit that falls ere it is ripe 

or good. 
Kaumea, a. A companion, an 

associate, a crony, a familiar. 
Kaumele, a. One kind of yam. 
Kaunaga, a, A female servant, 

Kaunaka, <. The K's.tNd.W c,^ >. 




Kaunatu, si A small stick rubbed 

on another to get fire. 
Kaunoa, s. OfBciousness^ a med- 
Kaunoa, v. To busy or meddle 

in other's concerns. 
Kaunoa, a. Officious. 
Kauta, s. A circular timber in 

a Tonga house ; drumsticks. 
Kautoutai^ s. Fishermen^ sailors. 
Kautuu, s. The upper yard of 

a canoe. 
Kauvae^ s. The legs and feet. 
Kauvaka^ s. The crew of a 

Kauvalu, s. One kind of the JL 
Kaba^ s. The corners and edges 

of any thing ; a siege. 
Kaba, \ v. To besiege; to 
Kabaji^J ' storm a fort; to flap 

the wings; to try to crawl as 

a child. 
KabaUy con. If. 
Kababoy s. A fish. 
Kabafoli, v. To environ, to 

surround, to besiege. 
Kabajia, v. To be stormed, 

taken, besieged. 
Kabakau, *. Wings. 
Kabakauhigano, Sn A fish. 
Kabakaba, s» The side fins of 

Kabakaba, v. To flicker; to 

flutter ,• to hover on the wing. 
Kabalu, v. To flop, to flap ; to 

move with such a noise. 
Kabatalifaki, r. To fly and wait 

near one place for the approach 

of fish. 
Kabatoka, v. To begin to fly, as 

Kabavale, t?. To take what is 

near but belonging to another. 
Kabe, s. A plant whose root is 

Kabeuea, s. A plant whose root 

is eaten. 
' Kabe, ) s. Abuse, swear- 
Kabekabe^f ing, 


Kabe, ^ m 

Kabea f ** swear; to 

Kabei/ C f^""'^ ^'* ^^^ 
Kabekabe,-) language. 

Kabekabe, v. To deepen th^ 

trenches of a fort by a second 

Kabea, v. To be sworn at. ' 
Kabei, v. To pluck, to forced 

to take out. v 

Kabekabeteetuli, r. To pick any 

thing out of the ear. 
Kabetefua, «?. To lift up and 

throw down suddenly. 
Kabetuu, v. To renew the kafa 

lashings of a canoe without 

taking the canoe to pieces. 
Kabikabi, s, A wedge. 
Kabikabi, v. To wedge; to fasten 

with a wedge. 
Kabo, s. A self taught artisan. 
Kaboga, s. The back fin of larcre 

Kabogatata, s. The water as 

scooped or thrown out of the 

Kabokabo, v. To empty; to 

throw out all the water from 

the canoe hold. 
Kabu, s. The banana leaf so 

formed as to hold water. 
Kabui, r. To encircle, to suit 

round, to wrap up. "N 

Kabui, s. A wrapper, a native 

Kabuji, V. To banish, to exile, 

to eject. 
Kabuji, s. Ejection, banishment. 
Kafa, s. The cordage made from 

the fibres of the cocoa , nut 

Kafai, v. To bind, to wrap jwith 

Kafakafa, s. A fish. 

Kafaga, s. A kind of strops for 

keeping the feet together in 

Kafakafai, v. To make nets of 

kafa lovxTiflL a.w^ \S[i\xv^ (labile. 



Kafakala, s. One kind of cocoa | 

Kafaki^ v. To ctimb, to ascend ; 
to grow, to increase. 
«^afo, s. Wound. 
Rafoy V. To wound. 
Kafokafotamakiy s. Any thing 
barbed or very sharp that 
causes severe wounds in the 
/ body, 
v/^afu, 1 s. The inner skin of 
Kafukafuyj seeds ; a coverlet; 
any thing with which one covers 
himself to sleep. 
Kafu, V. To cover ; to wrap one 

in to sleep. 
Kaha, s. The overmatched or 
unsuccessful in a game. 
^^Kahi, r. To make a scratching 
Kahi, 8. A disease common to 
the glands of the neck ; the 
name of a shell fish. 
Kahia, v. To be afflicted with 

the KahL 
Kahikahi^ s. The name of a fish. 
Kahivae, s. A shrub. 
Kaho, s. The reed ; an arrow ; 
V the ribs or lines in any 
Kahoa, s. A necklace ; any thing 

round the neck. 
Kahoa, «?. To tie or hang round 

the neck. 
Kahokaho, s. One kind of yam. 
Kajia, v. To choke, to hinder, 
to obstruct, as weeds in a 
Kajigu, s. A motion of the arm 
and mouth understood as a 
/Kaka, s. A thin membraneous 
substance found round the 
young cocoa nut. 
Kaka, V. To climb. 
y^'Kaka, t?. To hawk ; to force up 
from the throat. 
Kaka, s. The name of a beauti- 
jfiil bird known only at Eua. 

Kaka, a. Dry, barren, without 

Kaka, s. Deceit, perfidy, im- 
position, delusion, treachery. 
Kaka, a. Deceitful, perfidious, 

fallacious. ^ 

Kaka, t?. To deceive, to cheat ;v 

to fob. 
Kakae, s. Mockery, derision. 
Kakae, r. To mock, to deride. 
Kakai, v. To be deceived. 
Kakai, s. People, population. 
Kakai, a. Populous. 
Kakaia, a. See Kaina. 
Kakao, s. The legs of the crawl- 
ing shell fish. 
Kakao, r. To bore or thrust • 

with the finger. 
Kakau, v. To swim. 
Kakau, s. The handle of any 

Kakaba, v. To reach out, to 

extend the arm to reach. 
Kakabe, r. To raise as by a 

Kakabu, s. Mist, fog. ,/ 

Kakabu, a. Misty, foggy. 
Kakafa, a. Large, growing, ap- 
plied to animals. 
Kakaaga, s. A ladder ; a frame 

for plants to creep along. 
Kakafaga, s. The name of a 

Kakaha, a. Hot, fiery, painful, v 
Kakahi, v. To scratch. 
Kakaia, s. Any and every sweet 

flower ; a wreath ; a garland. V 
Kakaia, a. Odoriferous; sweet 

of scent; sharp, pungent to 

the taste. 
Kakale, v. To run to and fro ; 

to run swiftly. 
Kakali, v. To tighten ; to brace 

Kakali, s. The stick used in 

tightening ropes. 
Kakalu, s. The cricket. 
Kakama, tj. To\i\3L%\Nfc\ V^ftxvs^ 




Kakamika^ s. A herb. • 
Kakamo, v. To beckon ; to give 

the wink. 
Kakano, s. The kernel; the 

flesh; the heart or inside of 

any thing. 
Kakata^ v. To laugh, applied to 

KakatOy o. Complete, perfect, 

made up. 
Kakato, s. Fullness ; the state 

of being perfect. 
Kakava, s. Perspiration, sweat. 
Kakava, | ^ ^^ ^^^^^ 
Kakave, v. To lead out; to 

extend ; to widen out 
Kakei, s. The outer leaf of any 

thing wrapped in leaves. 
Kala, V, To breathe and move 

as one dying ; to die hardly. 
Kalae, s. The name of a bird. 
Kalaga, s. Shout, exclamation. 
Kalaga, v. To shout, to exclaim. 
Kalagaaki ^ v. To be shouted ; 
Kalagaekina, J to be proclaimed. 
Kalaka, s. The name of a tree 

and its fruit. 
Kalakala, 1 rp . 

Kalali, v. To scratch, to noise. 

Kakalu, s. An insect. 

Kakalu, v. To make a flopping 
noise; to crackle as dry pa- 

Kalamihi, s, A shell fish. 

Kalamu, v. To buzz along, as 
a stone from a sling. 

Kalanui, s. Green or blue beads. 

Kalava, s. A bloodvessel; vein; 
the rib or stem of the cocoa 
nut leaf. 

Kale, V. To run fast. 

Kaleaga, v. To chase the fish 
called Atu, 

Kaleui, v. To cut off; to thwart, 
as one hearing the complaints 
of another immediate\y gives a 
contrary order. 

Kalekaleakt, v. To persevere ivH 

opposition to the views of 

Kaleva, s. The name of a bird. 
Kaleveleve, s, A large spider. 
Kali, s. A Tonga pillow. 
Kalia, s. The double canoe. 
Kalifu, V, To run, to speed. 
Kalihelihe, s. A lizard. 
KaUhi, s. The limbs (a low term.) 
Kalikau, a. See Kaukaua.,' 
Kalo, 2?. To move the head ; to. 

avoid danger; to get out/ of 

the way of intruders. . ; 
Kaloaa, s. The name of a shell 

Kaloi, V, To shake the hair of 

the head. 
Kalou, V. To bark, to yelp, ito 

vociferate. . . -i 

Kalofaga, s. A biding place ;^ a 

shelter from the storm. 
Kaloii, See Kalo. 
Kalofiama, s. A spark of fire. 
Kalokalo, v. To shake the head^ 
Kalokalofaki, r. To be careful. ^ 
Kalokalotamaki, v. To turn about 

in anger. 
Kalu, V. To cut or clean off all 

excrescence and dirt ; to clear 

off the skin. 
Kalu, ^ s. The inside skin, 
Kalukalu,) . next, the fle^h or 

substance. 4 

Kalu, V. To be skinned over or 
' clogged, as the throat. 
Kama, s, A disease of the sjkin ; 

eruption on the Hiabo. 4 
Kama, a. Diseased with th,e 

Kamakama, s. A shell £ish.. 
Kamata, v. To begin ; to taste. 
Kamata, s. The tasting of any 

Kamataaga, s. The beginning ; 

the place or time of beginning 

any work. 
Kamataga, s. The cause, the 




Kanakama, a. See Kakama. 
Bjunakamatay v. To begin; to 

appear ; to be in sight. 
Kami, v. To lore, to be ena- 
^ moored, used only of the fair 

Kamo, ^ r. To beckon; to 

Ramojiy v make signs ; to 
Kamokamo, J give the wink. 
Kamu, 1 9. To cut off any 

Kamukamu,/ thing round. 
Kamunaga, 9. A present taken 

by the party presenting. 
Kana, «. A soft stone on the sea 
shore used for rubbing canoes. 
Kanai, v. To rub ; to clean off 

with the Kana. 
Kanaefai, ad. To be sure, certain- 
ly, what else* 
Kanaga, 9. A cant word or 
saying; a proverbial expres- 
Kanagataa, a. Incurable ; dif- 
ficult to heal. 
Kanahe, 9. The name of a fish. 
Kanikani, v. To break, to spoil, 

to disfigure, to deface. 
Kanikita, #. A kind of sand 

Kano, 9, An abbreviation of 
KakanOf used generally in 
reference to the quality of the 
article, as Kano kovif Kano 
Kanoalaalava, a. Cross; varied 

in the grain. 
Kanoimata, 9. The ball of the 

Kanoimatauli, 9. The pupil of 

the eye. 
Kanofafau, a. Tough, ropy, ap- 
plied to the flesh of animals. 
Kanofihifihi, a. Cross; varied 

in the grain. 
Kanogataa, a. Unripe, hard, 
ropy, applied to the bread fruit. 
K^nogofua, a. Ripe, good, ap- 

plied^ to the bread fruit. 
KanokaaOj a. Fat 


Kanokano, 9. A tenor voice. 
Kanokanomia, r. To pierce to 

the quick. 
Kanokato, 9* A treasure; some- 
thing of first rate value. 
Kanomate, 9. The lean of flesh« 
Kanotoutou, a. Tender, soft. 
Kase, a. Weak. >/ 

Kasila, v. To sail close upon 

the wind. 
Kata, V. To laugh. '^'^ 

Kata, 9. A laugh ; a war club; 

the branch of the kava; the 

pieces of the kava branch cut 

for setting. 
Kataina, v. To be laughed at. 
Kataukuma, v. To laugh under 

Katabubunu, v. To laugh with 

the mouth closed. 
Katafakamoala, 9, A hoarse 

Katakata, v. To smile, to laugh. 
Katakataita, ^ r. Tosmileor 

Kutakataanifotea,/ laugh though 

angry. . S 

Katakatatagi, v. To laugh when 

inclined to cry. 
Kataki, s. Patience, endurance. 
Kataki, v. To bear, to endure. ^^ 
Kataki, a. Patient. 
Kataki, v. To eat the kernel of 

the old nut as a substitute for 

animal food. 
Katakiofa, ^ a. Long suffer- 
Katakiukuma,) ing. 
Katakoho, a. Full of wounds 

and putrefying sores*. 
Katea, 9, The windward and 

largest part in a double canoe. 
Kato, 9. A basket, a packet. v^ 
Katoa, 9. The whole, the mass, v 
Katoa, V, To assemble, to col- 
lect, to be assembled. 
Katoa, a. Complete, full, entire. 
Katoaga, 9. A feast, banquet. 
Katoaga, v. To feast, to banquet. 
Katoato, s. The \a.qq\\ ^Ww '^^ 

sets a \\U\e \)^toTe\Jft^v^R. ^1 ^«^ • 



Katoi, r. To take full hold with 
the hand ; to clutch or grasp. 

Katotuki, s. A basket used in 
the practice of sorcery 

Kb tuba, s. An openingi as a 
window or door. 

Kava, s. A root; a beverage; 
any spirituous liquor; the 

Kavahaha, s, A shrub. 

Kavahuhu, s. A shrub. 

Kavakavaulie, s, A shrub. 

Kavalaganoa, r. To drink kava 
out of time and order. 

Kavatagi, s. The kava drunk 
imraedately upon the death of 
a person. 

Kavo, *. The tails of the Feke 
or cat fish ; the stem or stalk 
of fruit. 

Kavea, t?. To be drawn towards; 
to incline towards ; to take. 

Kaveaki, v. To persist; to per- 
severe in. 

Kavei, *. The hangers of baskets, 
pots, &c. 

Kavci, V. To contf act; todrawup. 

Kaveituu, a. intricate, entangled, 

Kavefagota, s. The long tail of 
the Feke, used in collecting 
all within its reach. . 

Kavega, s. A burden. 

Kavega, s. Visitor. 

Kavekave, v. To swing to and 
fro ; to spread abroad ; to per- 

Kavekavehoko, v. To act with 
punctuality ; to do in accord- 
ance with any arrangement. 

Ke, Sign of the imperative mood, 
ke alu lioe, do thou go. 

Ke, ^. A quarrel, strife, dissen- 

Ke, V. To quarrel. 

Ke, pron. Thou. 

Kea, s. One kind of bread fruit 
tree and its fruit. 

Keatega, s. One kind of bread 
/ru/t tree and its fruit. 

Kentala, #• One kind of bnuul 

fruit tree and its fruit. 
Keamaamaa, s. One. kind df 

bread fruit tree and its fruit. '. 
Keatolo, s. Whitlow, bard swek 

ling, tumour. 
Kei, ad. Yet f whilst, during. ". 
Keigo, a. Sulky, angry. 
Keikeinaga, s. Fragments, rem- 

Keina, v. To eat, to be eateo; 

to be bitten. V 

Keinaga, v. To eat 
Keinagaaga, «« A place where 

food is eaten. 
Keituai, ad. After a while, by. 

and by. 
Keu, s, A kind of yam. 
Keu, pron. I. 
Keui V. To ward off. 
Keukeu, s. The toes. 
Kebejiko, s. The name of a 

Kebi, 1 r. To tighten the 
Kebikebi,) dress. 
Kefu, -I a. Yellow, yellow* . 
Kefukefu, I ish, apphed to the 

hair ; indistinct to vision. 
Kefukefu, s. A kind of grass. 
Keha, a. Yellow, applied to 

Kehe, a. Another ; not the same; 

different ; out of the common 

Kehekehe, a. Different, mixed; 

all sorts and sizes. 
Kehega, o. Similar to Kehe* 
Kehe, . *. Theconvulsiona ,. 

Kehekehe, J preceeding death; 
Keke, V. To bleat or cry. J - 
Kekeu, v. To ward off in every 

Kekeho, s. The name of a shell 

Kekelo, a. Brown, brownish. 
Kekena, a. Dry, withered, blight- 
Kekenu, r. To hoe ; to cut off 

weeds jxxsX gtositi* 



ste, r. To chatter, to prale, 

svRy a. Stiff, unbeDdinsf. 
>va, s. Stiffness, inflexibility. 
, a. Muddy, 
a, s. A large shell fish, 
bulu, s. Siime, mire, 
kele, s. Earthy mould, soil, 

kelea, ^ a. Earthy, dirty, 
keleia,/ miry, 
keleua, a. Sandy; sand and 
1 together. 

mutu, s. A worm, grub, 
vai, r. To make water muddy. 
V, To dig, to sink. 
s, A dike, a trench, a 

ceh', V. To dig holes, 
celiaki, v. To persevere; to 
rsist in any design, 
oke, s, 1 he name of a shell 

uuga, V. To take a stand ; 

J 1 I c. Brown in colour. 

a, *.' The shell of the ToAa- 


o, s. The eyebrow ; the 

ik of the eye. 

0, \ V. To wink re- 
okemo,/ peatedly. 

^\ \ a. See Kekena. 

1, s. The motion of one 

, s. The belly, 
kete, a. Fat, corpulent, 
kete, V. To chirp, 
va, 8, A shell fish, 
keto, s. A single spot or 
ce of ground. 
, s. The name of a fish. 
, 17. To hobble, to limp. 
, a. Lame, hobbling. 
ki, 8. A shell fish, 
prep. To, towards, in, at, 
OTigy against, opposite, about, 

concerning, for, (used befoi^ 
nouns common and names of 

Ki, f?. To squeak. 

Ki, a. Vain, proud; wishing to 
be noticed ; impudent, bold. 

Kia, 8. The neck. 

Ki», prep. To, towards, in at, 
among, against, opposite, about 
concerning, for, (used before 
proper names of persbns.) 

Kiaivae, 8. The hollow of the 
leg, under the knee. 

Kiate, prep. See KiUf (used be- 
fore pronouns.) 

Kiato, 8. Sticks extending from y/ 
the canoe to which the out- 
rigger is fastened. 

Kiatolo, 8, See Keaiolo. 

Kie, 8. A mat. 

Kie, V, To make a plaintive v 

Kiekiaua, c. Double throated, 
double tongued. 

Kio, '^^ 8, The chirping of v ' 

Kiokio, ) chicken. 

Kiokio, 8. The name of a fish. 

Kiu, 8. The name of a bird. 

Kiu, t?. To run. 

Kifa, V. To lose iu a game. 

Kife, ad. Where .^ 

Kifu, ) ni 

Kifukifu,} *^- ^^"^"- 

Kihi, a. Stunted, ill thriven, v'^' 

Kihi), a. Small; insignificant. 

Kihikihi 8. A kind of grass; the 
flaps of the turtle. 

Kiji, 8, A boyish play. 

Kyikijivai, 8. An insect similar 
• to tlie horse fly. 

Kiki, r. To squeak. ^^' 

Kiki, 8, Chickens. 

Kiki, 8, Used of any thing eaten 
with vegetables, or in addition 
to ordinary food. 

Kikiia, a. Satisfied, satiated. 

Kikiu, t>. Small bodied, thin. 

Kikiuha, *. The squeaking noise 
of a bird on the approach of raiu. 



Kikihii p. To dispute, to contend, 
to contest. 

Kikila, a. Shining, dazzling. 
y/ Kikila, V. To shine, to glare. 

Kikilo, V, To look from side to 
side. * 
\/ Kikite, s. Divination, prophecy. 

Kikite, v. To divine^ to foretell, 
to augur, to prophesy. 

Kikivi, r. To strain as in heaving 
heavy weights. 

Kila, a. Shaven in one place only. 

Kilekila, a. Shaven in patches ; 
hoed in patches. 

Kili, s. The skin ; the bark of 
trees ; a saw; leprosy; a file. 

Kilia, s, A leper. 

Kilia, a. Leprous. 

Kiliata, a. Light in the skin. 

Kiliui, a. Dark in the skin. 

Kilifetohoaki, s, A cross saw. 

Kiligano, s. Hard spots in the 
flesh causing intolerable itch- 

Kiliji, V. To saw. 

Kilijitahi, s. The bottom of the 

Kilikili, s. Small stones placed 
on the grave of the dead; the 
look or appearance; likelihood. 

Kilikilia, s. The name of a fish ; 

Kilikiliua, a. Double barked, as 
certain trees. 

Kilo, V. To look askaunt. 

Kilokilo, V. See Kikilo. 

Kilokiloua, r. To look in dif- 
ferent directions sit the same 


Kilokiloua, a. Undecided. 

Kiln, a. One hundred thousand. 

Kilu, s. Used of large and suc- 
cessive waves rolling at sea. 

Kilukilua, r. To appear at an 
immense distance. 

Kima, v. To lose in a game ; to 
be over matched. 

Kimo, s. The glare of the sun 
MS seen in very Ifot weather. 

Kimokimo, a. Quick, fast, ap^ 

plied to running. 
Kina, a. Tired, wearied* « 

Kinaabi, r. To be tired of the 

governor of the Abi, 
Kinatoa, r. To be tired out. 
Kinehia, v. To be tired; to be 

in fear of some coming trouble. 
Kinekina, v. To be thoroughly 

Kini, V. To strike ; to cut the 

hair short ; to let bk>od.^ 
Kiniji, s. A blow. 
Kiniji, r. To strike with any 

thing light. 
Kinohaa, «. Dung.^ -^ 

Kinokinoifia, a. Free from ob- 
structions, clear. , 
Kisa, V. To hiss. v 
Kita, pron, I, myself. 
Kita, 8. Tetanus ; a relapse ; 

one kind of cocoa nut. 
Kita, V. To suffer a relapse.- 
Kitaki, r. To persevere; to hold 

Kite, r. To appear ; to see at a 

distance when at sea. V 
Kitegamahaki, «. A place where 

sick persons are; 
Kititama, s. A girl when married 

to her cousin.^ 
Kivi, a. Sunk, applied to the 

eyes; blind. 
Kivi, s. One kind of yam. 
Kivikivt, «• The name of a shell 

Ko, A prefix, used before the 

proper names of persons and < 

places, and in answer to the 
interrogative, who. 
Ko, s. The name of a bird. 
Ko, s. The croaking noise of a 

diseased fowl. 
Koa, s. Foam, spume, fipdth, 

soap. ^ 

Koa, €7. To foam, to froth. 
Koaia, a. Foamy, firothy. 
Koaga, s. The name of a fish. 
Koe, art. TCV^." 


, pron. Thee. 

Lini, con, Beoause, for. 

jmaa, ad. Why sof for what 

irpose ? 

Iia, prtm. What ? always 

ed interrogatively. 

na, pron. That. 

ni, pron. Tliis. 

I, pron. That. 

I, con. Therefore. 

ly ad. Just so ; that is it. 

^ a. UncircumcisecL 

ahe, s. The cheek. 

haga, s. The groin ; the 

side of the thigh. 

koujiy s. The name of a 


na, V, To order, to com- 


la, s. One kind of hair on 

le head. 

loa, 9, The name of a fish. 

*?' j ad. Where i* 

B, flrf. Which .^ where? 
e, s. The bamboo cane, 
e, r. To blow fair (the wind.) 
La, V. To bark, to scold. 
u, s. A garment, a covering, 
u, ^ V. To clothe, to dress, 
ua,/ to wrap up. 
u, a. Clothed, 
uua, s. The kidneys, 
utu, 1 «. A short time, 

utufutuga, J but always used 

;a, s. A piece, a plot, a joint, 

ra, V. To squeal ; to make a 
][uealing noise. 

rakau, s. A regiment of 

lai, pron. Who ? 
li, 8. A scratching noise; a 

li, ^ t>. To scratch, to 
likohi,/ claw, 
lo, a. Scrofulous, rotten. 
w, s. Smoke, 

Kohu, \ 9. To smoke, to 

Kohukohu, ) vociferate. 

Koji, 1 V. To cut with scis- ^ 

Kojikoji,/ sors. 

Koka, s. The name of a inpee ; 

the juice of its bark used in 

painting the gatu. 
Kokaaga, s. A roll of gaiu. 
Kokaaga, i 0« To make the 
Kokagatu,/ gaiu. 
Koko, s. The squeaking noise 

of pigs and fowls. 
Koko, s. A bend, an elbow ; an 

inlet ; the lower part of the '^ 

neck of the fowl. 
Koko, V. To squeeze, to press ; 

to break in the hands ; to get 

fire wood. 
Kokoa, V. To lather, to foam. 
Kokoba, v. To pull and haul 

till exhausted. 
Kokofe, V. To make a laud 

drawling noise. 
Kokohi, V. To scratch, to tear. 
Kokohu, V. To send up smoke. 
Kokoji, V. To make a biting 

chipping noise, as a rat eating. 
Kokokoka, s. An imaginary evil 

or curse arising from bringing 

the koka into the house. 
Kokolo, s. A continuous rum- 
bling noise. 
Kokolo, V. To make a rumbling 

Kokomi, v. To press ; to squeeze 

between the hands. 
Kokomo, tf. To suck; to draw 

in with the mouth. 
Kokono, V. To strain. 
Kole, 8. Petition, entreaty, so- \^ 

licitation, prayer. 
Kole, V. To beg, to solicit. 
Kole^a, V, To entreat. 
Kolekole, v. To entreat, to im- 
Koletaumau, v. To beg im> 

portunately; to supplicate. 
KoletaumaW) c. \tci<^xVxcv\V| ^%>^- 





Koliy s. A takinff fish with small 
band nets ; the name of a 

Koliliy s. The name of a bird. 

Kolitalaaho^ v. To fail to do in 
the night work appointed in 
the day. 

Kolitoto, s. A tree. 

Kolivai, s. A tree. 
/ Kolo, s. The native cloth hung 
round a house in which a 
deceased person lies. 

Kolo, s. A fortress; a bludgeon. 

Koloi r. To desire; to keep a 
look out. 
y Koloa, s. Wealthy riches, af- 

Kobaia.} «• ^•<'^' ^^''^^^y- 
Kolokoto, 9. The running bub- 
bling noise of water. 
Kolokolo, V. To bubble, to boil. 
Kolola, ) A 41* 

Koloto, int. What is to be done ! 

how can it be helped ! 
Kolu, r. To strut with a large 

dress of gatu. 
Kolui s. A club split or broken 

in war. 
Kolukalu, s. A substance from 

the nea resembling blubber. 
Komaa, ad. Where ? 
Komaki, s. A bay; a rivulet 

from the sea. 
Komikomi, v. To beat or press 

down as any thing bulging. 
KomO| V, See Kokomo. 
Komokomoi v. To chew any 

thing as a Kiki or relish to 

some other food. 
Kona, a. Drunk, intoxicated, 

Kona, s. Bitterness; the lower 

part of the abdomen ; the front 

of a native dress. 
Kona, a. Bitter. 
Konahla, v. To be poisoned or 


Koni, #. To hobble, to lirap.V^ 
Konohi, V. To strain at. 
Konokona, a. Bitterish ; inclined 

to bitter. 
KoDokonohia, s. The working 

and leaking of a vessel over 

Konokono, i a. Bitter^ sour, 
Konokonoloto,/ applied to the 

Konokonoloto, v. To cherish 

bitterness in the mind. 
Koso, s. The nose or round end 

in the double canoe ; ai surgical 

Koso, f?. To cut ; to perform thi 

above operation. ^ 

Kote, \ V. To speak a foreign 
Kotekote, f tongue. v 

Koto, V. To crop; to shorten 

shrubs. "^ 

Koto, 8, A basket filled with 

any thing. •/ 

Kotoa, s. The whole masa^ 
Kotoa, 1 A II 

Kotoabe,} «• ^"' «^"y °°'^- 
Kotofa, f7. To appoint, to affix. 
Kotoko, s. The crowing noise 

of a fowl. 
Kotokotomala, s. Any thing that 

will cause the death of a per*- 

Kotone, s. The name of a tree. 
Kova, 8. A patch ot hair on the 

back of the head. 
Kovi, 8. Badness, corruption, 

fault, vice. 

Ko^a,} "• ^*^' ^»"^*y' ''^'^•^' 
Ku, 8. The stump of the little 

Ku, V. To stink. %/' 

Kua, a. Foolish. 
Kiii, 8. Grand parents; blind* 

ness ; the name of a fish. 
Kui, a. Blind. >/ 

Kuikui, 8, Small eyed. 
Kuikui, 8, The name of a shell 




Kuo, The sign of the past tense, 

as, Kuo aht ia, he is gone. 
Kuo^a^ #. Aaeason, a time, &n era. 
Kuoloa, ad. Heretofore, long 

Kubeji, s. The article used for 

imprinting native cloth. 
Kubega, #. A fishing net. 
Kubega, r. To fish with a net. 
yKubUy s. A saying, a speech; a 

Kubui, #. A sentence, a joint. 
Kubukubu, s. Joints, logs, 

KuFaho, s. A tree. 
[ Kahu, . I V. To sniff; to 
Kuhukuhu,i blow through the 

Kuka, s. The name of a shell 

v'^Kuku, V. To clench the fist; 

to hold fast in the hand. 
Kuku, s. The name of a shell 

Kukuuli, s* The name of a shell 

Kukukuku, s. The name of a 

shell fiah. 
Kukukuku, V. To hold and carry 

in the hand. 
Kukutagata, s, A shell fish. 
/ Kula, s. Beads ; the name of a 

sj Kula, a. Red. 

Kulabo, s. The name of a fish. 
/ Kuli, s. A dog ; the rail to 

which the large ropes of the 

canoe are fastened ; a log of 

I wood on which the mast resti 

when laid down. 
Kulikuli, s. The smell of pork. 
Kulo, s. A pot ; any kind of • 

Kulokula, s. Redness. 
Kulokula, a. Red colour. 
Kulokolo, a. Scooped or hollowed 

Kulu, 8, The name of a tree. 
Kuluba, s. An insect. 
Kulufau, s. A fish. 
Kulufoia, V. To be overcome by 

bad smells, as of any putrid 

Kuluki, V. To press upon ; to 

bear down the body. 
Kulukia, s, A strain ; a hurt 

from carrying heavy weight. 
Kuhikia, v. To strain, to wrench. 
Kulukona, #• The name of a 

Kulukulu, s. A small kind of 

Kuma, s. The rat. 
Kumala, «. The siveet potatoe. 
Kumi, > r. To seek, to look ^ 

Kumikumi, f for, to investigate. 
Kumikumia, s. A fish. 
Kumuni, r. To hoard; to collect - 

Kuniukumu, s. The chin ; a 

mossy kind of substance. 
Kuta, V. To writhe; to work aa "' 

in pain. 
Kutu, s. The louse ; a shrub. 
Kutua, a. Lousy. 
K utufiji, 4. The fiea. 


LTHE twelfth Letter in 
m the Tonga Alpabet. Its 
sound is that of / in lard. 
La, s, A sail ; the mat of which 

sails are made. 
Laa, «. The sun ; drought ; dry 


Laa, a. Hot; intense heat from 

the sun. 
Laaina, a. Sunburnt. 
Laaina, r. To dry any thtitg in 

the sun. 
Laalaa, a. Dtou^V^ \ iRWi>cccv^ 




Lae, s. The forehead, the brow. 

Laesi V* To be ashamed, to feel 
. confused. 

Lai, 8. The name of a fish. 

Laiki, v. To break up ; to 

Laikia, t;. To be broken to 

Lailai, a. Soft, not hard. 

Lailai, v. To be broken up ; to 
be bruised. 

Laofie, a. Dry, not raining. 

Laolao, a. Smooth, not rough, 
applied to the sea; compact, 
closed up, applied to a canoe 
when the body of it is finished. 

Lau, r. To talk, to converse; 
to account, to esteem; to 
count, to number ; to read, to 

Lau, \ V. To pinch with the 

Lalau,/ fingers. 

Lau, s* A leaf, leaves; a pinch; 
talk; famiUar discourse; peru- 
sal, the act of counting ; num- 

Lau, a. Talkative, loquacious. 

Laua, r. To be the subject of 
calk ; to be counted or number- 

Lauaitu, v. To cry; to weep and 
make lamentation. 

Laui, V. To talk of or about. 

Lauikovi, s. £vil speaking, back- 

Lauikovi, v. To speak evil of 

Lauikuoga, a. Everlasting. 

Lauulu, V. To count or choose 
at random. 

Laubala, r. To talk over old 

Laubisi, s. Nonsense, useless 

Laubisi, v'. To talk trash. 

Laufale, s. A shrub. 

Laufola, «• A dance. 

Imufola, p. To spread out; to 
spread abroad what was secret. 

LaugA, 8. Complaint, murmur- 

Lauga, V. To murmur, to com- 

Lauga, a. Complaining, murmur- 

Lauga, 9. To speak of or com- 
pare with another. 

Lauji, s. One kind of yam. 

Lauji, €7. To pinch, to be pinched. 

Laujii, a. Narro\«ness« 

Laujii, a. Narrow, strait. 

Luukau, s. Pride, vanity. 

Laukau, a. Proud, vain. 

Laukakai, a. That portion of 
food divided out for the god. 

Laukoka, a. One kind of yam. 

Laulau, ) V. To speak filthily of 

Laulaui, f another; to square 
logs of wood ; to harangue at 
a dance. 

Laulau, a. A present or ofiTering 
to a god, hence Feilaulau. 

Laulau, a. A part of a Tonga 
fish hook made from the mother 
of pearl. 

Laulau, a. An adress or ha- 
rangue at a native dance. 

Laulauakau, v. To smooth off 
boards in the Tonga style. 

Laulauatea, a. A sand bank 
under water. 

Laulauatea, a. Light, as'the sur- 
face where there is a sand bank. 

Laulauloto, t?. To meditate ; to 

Laulahi, «. Breadth, width. 

Laulahi, a. Broad, wide. 

Laulahiga, a. The extreme 
breadth ; widest part. 

Lauloto, V. To sing bass ; to 

Lauloto, a. Meditation. 

Laumalie, a. Spirit, soul, life. 

Laumalie, a. Alive and well, 
applied to chiefs. 

Laumalila, a. A flower. 

Laumata, a. The eyelids. 
Laumea) s. 0\&% ot &^* 

• LAF 

Launoa^ s. Nonsense, useless 

Laiinoa, v. To talk nonsense. 

Lauta, a. Uniform; one in ap- 
pearance though many in 

Lautamaki, s. Wrath, indigna- 

Lautefuhi^ s. One hundred stripes 
of native cloth. 

Lautoki, v. To relate all the par- 
ticulars of any case ; to dis- 
close fully. 

Lauvao, s. The Ji leaves, and 
the Jifi dress when made of 
the leaves. 

Lauvale, a. Coimtless, 'inumera- 

Lauvale, s. Populace ; the poor 
or working population. 

Laba, s. Assassination, murder. 

Laba^ v. To scold; to burst 
suddaily upon one ; to arrest 

Labahcua, r. To wrap the fish 
in leaves after broiling, general- 
ly done before. 

Lah } ^* ^^ assassinate. 

Labaiaba, a. Square in the sides. 
Labakalae, a. Angry, peevish. 
Labavale, s. A mistake; a slip 

of the tongue. 
Labavale, v. To blunder in speak- 


Ubea, 1 t?.Tobless;toren- 
Labelabe,/ der prosperous.^ 

Labo, V. To hollow out, to make 

Labo, a. Hollow, as a gouge. 
Labota, a. Full, bulged. See 

Labu, s. , Flattery, adulation, 

Labu, -I V. To cant, to flat- 
Labulabu,/. ter. 
Lafa^ s. Ringworm, tetter. 
^afahJk, a. Flat, broad. 


Lafi, ^ V, To hide; to get 

Laiilafi, i into a corner. 

Lafo, s\ A game; a throw of 
the net. 

Lafo, j r. To throw, to pitch ; 

Lafolafo,/ to cast the net. 

Lafokie, s. The practice of 
throwing good mats into the 
tombs of chiefs when buried. 

Lafokoa, v. To gamble ; to pitch 
for treasure. 

Lafua, 1 a. Poor, old, im- 

Lafulafu, / poverished. 

Laga, s. Pain ; the act of turn- 
ing up the soil ; erection. 

Laga, r. To pain ; to be in pain ; 
to raise up the soil ; to build ; 
to erect; to originate; to set 
in motion. 

Laga, s. The pain of child- 

Laga, V. To be in labour. 

Lagajino, v. To be plaiting or 
weaving the middle of a mat 
or the inner one of a double 

Lagakali, s. The name of a tree. 

Lagalaga, ^ t>. To originate ; 

Lagalagaki,/ to set on foot. 

Lagi, s. The sky ; the heads of 
the Tuito^a and Tamaha ; 
the burying places of the same 

Lagilagi, a. Powerful, great, 
applied to chiefs. 

Lago, s. The common fly ; blocks 
of wood on which any thing is 

Lago, 1?. To raise by logs or 
pieces of wood. 

Lagoia, t;. To be covered with 

Lagolago, r. To raise on to 
something else; to take part 
with one against another. 

Lagomakii, y^ v. To interfere or 

Lagomekina, r interest in be- 
half of others \ to fewi ^ Vi&V^- 
ing liand. 


Lagomakii, a. One wlio perfonni 

these offices of kindness. 
Lagomia, v. To raise, to lift up. 
Lagomu, s. A large fty 
Lagoraka, o. To contend with 

one who has conquered an- 
Lagovakai, «, One who contends 

in behalf of others. 
Lagotulutulu, V. To raise the 

eves of the thatch. 
Lagotulutulu, t. The sticks 

used for the above purpose. 
Lahe, t. LimA 
Lahei, v. To put lime upon any 

Lahelahe, a. Limy, mouldy. 
Lahi, a. Large, many, enough, 

Lahi, s. Abundance, plenty, 

Lahiga, $. The place where 

most of any given tiling may 

be seen. 
Lahilahiage, a. Large, rather 

Lahilaiiigalelei, a. Enough; none 

to waste. 
Lahilahihake, a. Larger; more 

in quantity. 
Laho, *. The scrotum. 
Laka, I. Gait, a step, a Stride. 
Laka, c To miss to pass by ; 

to pass or hand along 
Lakai, v. To step over. 
Lakaga, s. Appointment ; the 

place in which to pass or hand 

a thing. 
Lakaaga, s. The threshold the 

stepping place. 
Lakanala, v. To step awkward- 
ly ; to be unfortunate. 
Lakalaka, ». To step out; to 

step carefully. 
Lakalakaimonu, a. Fortunate 

several times in succession. 
Lakalakavale, c. To act irreve- 

rently to the god of the tribe 
or Amily. 


LAL , 

Lakaliu, «. To itep over the 
Uu, hut not scoop it out; to 
know that work is to be done, 
but pass away. 

Lakatonu, o. To step cleverly; 
to be fortunnte or lucky. 

Lakei, a. LeaTes made fast to 
the stone used in catching .the 
cat fish as an ornament. 

Lakei, r. To do as above. 

Lakoifie, a. Fair, fine weather. 

Lakoifua, a. Well in health, 
used of the Tvitoga only. 

Lakofia, r. To fill up ; to cover, 
as ft Tent in a garment. 

Lakofie, a. Dry comparatively, 
used of the weather. 

Lakomatuu, p. To speak irreve- 
rently or unbecoming the place 
and person addressed. 

Laku, e. To throw. 

Lakuji, V. To handle food; to 
put the hand to what others 
are eating. 

Lakulaku, *. Disrespect, ill be- 

Lakulaku, a. Rude, ill bred. 

Lakulakuteefeke, jr. A play of 

Lakulfiku-valeiU.To throw; to give 
away without care or concern, 

Lala, *. The name of a tree. 

Lala, a. Without population; 

Lala, V. To broil slightly. 

Lalaihi, s. The name of a fish. 

Lalau, a. A counter voice. 

Lalau, V. To pinch. 

Lalau, v. To pull op draw gently 

Lalabu, See Labu. 

Lalafa, v. To fall fiat; to shrink 

Lalafi, a. The name of a fish. 

Lalafi, V. See Lafi. 

Lalafo, «. To talk in turns or 

Lalafii, a. Poor, impoverished; 
I ap\i\ie4 to ftve wift-, (A4, 



Lalaga, v. To weave; to plait 
the mats. 

Lalaga, v. To weave mats of 
small texture. 

Lalaga, s. The streaks or marks 
made upon the skin by beat- 

Lalago^ V, To ward off; to with- 

Lalago, s. Two of the long nut 
trees in a Tonga house. 

Lalagolaloj s. Two of the long 
nut trees in a Tonga house. 

Lalahi^ a. Large ; rather large. 

Lalaka, v. To step ; to make a 
noise as one walking in straw. 

Lalaku, v. To touch any thing 
sacred, as food or the person 
of a chief. 

Lalalo, V. To go crouching along. 

Lalama, v. To wink, to make 
signs with the eyes. 

Lalata, a. Tame, domesticated. 

Lalatahi, s. A shrub. 

Lalato, V. To bite a mouthful 
from any thing large. 

Lalava, s. The wrapping ; bind- 
ing with l^^' 

Lalava, v. To bind with ka/a; 
to wrap. 

Lalavaki, r. To watch ; to have 
charge of^ 

Lali, 3. The native drum. 

Lalo, ad. Below, down, be- 

Laloaoa, v. To be superseded 
by something better. 

Lama, v. To watch ; to shine. 

Lama, s. The reflection or light 
from a distance. 

Lamaji, \ v. To watch; to 

Lamalamaji, > keep an eye upon. 

Lami, \ V, To conceal ; to hide 

Lamii,/ suddenly. 

Lamilami, r. To cover over, as 
one whose dress is bad. 

Lamu, 1 r. To chew, to 

Lamulamu,/ masticate. 

Lamu^ /; Mastication, 


Ij^ana; v. To have an eye to any 

thing we wish to get. 
LanUj 8. Colour. 
Lanu, V, To wash; to rinse in 

fresh water. 
Lanua, a. Coloured; different 

colours ; well washed in fresh 

Lanua, \ s. Sore eyes, ap- 
Lanulanua, / plied to chiefs. 
Lasu, ad. No ; not so. 
Lata, a. Tame, domesticated; 

at home in a place. 
Lata, s. A shrub. 
Latajino, v. To feel attached 

to persons, not to the place. 
Latakelekele, v. To feel attached 

to a place, but not to the 

Latuu, V. To voyage on a sud- 
den without preparation. 
Lava, s. A bait for fish. 
Lava, I r. To accomplish, to 
Lavai,/ complete, to achieve, 

to obtaii\y to conquer. 
Laval, s. Achievement, accom- 
plishment, conquest. 
Lavauli, a. White in the fore 

and hind parts but black in 

the middle. 
Lavafoi, s. The sign or mark of 

a coward. 
Lavaji, v. To endure; to put up 

Lavahaga, s, A joint or splice 

not yet bound with kqfa, 
Lavaka, s. The title of the chief 

of Bea, in Tongataboo. 
Lavakelo, a. Brown round the 

Lavaki, \ v. To deceive ; to 
Lavakii, / betray. 
Lavaki, s. A traitor. 
Lavalava, v. To wrap ; to bind 

in a careless manner ; to ac- 
Lavataki, r. To conduct or bring 

to a termination \ to acco\»r 

plisVi witYi \oa%. 


Lavatea, a. Black and white; 

Lavatoa, s. The sign or mark 

of a hero. 
Lave, V. To hit; to strike the 

mark ; to gain the object ; to 

steer free ; to run off. 
Lave, s. A heathen game. 
Lavea, r. To bite, to take, as 

the fish the hook. 
Lavea, s. A cut, a wound. 
Lavea, a. Wounded. 
Lavea, v. To know, to see. 
Laveaki, v. To break one stick 

by the aid of another. 
Lavei, v. To knock or strike 

against; to know. 
Lavega, s. The name of a fish ; 

any part or place struck against. 
Lavekovia, a. Unfortunate, un- 
Lavelave, s. A small steer oar. 
Lavelave, v. To keep off in 

Lavelavea, v. See Lavea, 
Lavelaveili, a. Unlucky; often 

Lavelavemua, v. To take the 

precedence in conversation. 
Laveleleia, a. Comfortable, for- 
' tunate. 

Lavena, s, A fish. 
Lavenoaia, v. To be hurt ac- 
Lavetemutemu, v. To get just 

the end or finishing only. 
Le, r. To drive ; to affright fish 

into the net. 
Le, s. The instrument used for 

the above purpose. 
Lea, s. Speech, language, dialect, 

Lea, v. To talk, to speak. 
Leai, r. To talk to ; to reprove. 
Leei, r. To push on one side or 

out of the way. 
Leeleegu, v. To speak little and 
Lei s. Whales tooth. 



Leia, a. Alive, restored* 
Leo, s. The voice; a 'guard, 

watchman, sentinel 
Leo, V. To watch, to guard. 
Leoaa, s. A rough unpleasant 

Leoafea, s. An enticing orwinning 

Leohi, V. To keep watch over 

some particular object. 
Leoleo, v. See Leo. 
Leu, a. Ripe, soft, (the Taca,) 
Lena, v. To stumble, to trip. 
Leuaaga, s. Any thing over 

which one trips. 
Leui, V. To throw on one side ; 

to push off as any thing light. ' 
Leuleu, s. An old coverlet of 

Leuleu, a. Sofl, worn. 
Leba, s. A hole or pit made to ! 

contain water; a cistern; a J 

Leba, \ v. To heave to ; to put 
Lebai,/ the head of the canoe 

to the wind. 
Lebatuu, v. To put in to an 

island and proceed quickly. 
Lebeji, v. To cut up; to split 

into pieces. 
Lebeleba^ v. To sail close on the 

Lebeleba, a. Covered over; full. 
Lebo, s. Leaves sewn together 

to keep in heat. 
Leboaki, s. A shoal of young 

Leboji, 1 r. To make com- 
Leboleboji,/ pact; to collect 

Lefio, s. A species of butterfly. 
Lefu, s. The smallest in a litter 

of pigs. 
Lefulefu, s. The name of a bird. 
Legago, s. The name of a shell 

Lehia, s. One kind of banana. 
\ Le\\\\eVv\, t?. To take care of; to 

pay a\.t^ivV\OTv \.^» 



Lehilehiga, a« Short in duration, 

but Always used ironically. 
Leka, a. Short, stumpy. 
Leka, s. One kind of pig. 
Leke, s. A private room. 
Lekeleke, a. Full of rooms. 
Lekia, s. The name of a tree. 
Lekileki, s. The name of a tree. 
Lekilekimilo, s. The name of a 

Lela, a. Bad, disitj^eeable. 
Lele, s. A run, a race ; a kind 

of the sugar cane. 
Lele, u. To run. 
Leiea, a. Red, sore, applied to 

the eyes. 
Lclea, V. To be driven by the 

wind ; to go astray. 
Leleaga, s. A course or road in 

which to run. 
Leieaki, > v. To run with; 
Leleekina,/ to take off. 
Lelei, s. Good, goodness.. 
Lelei, a. Good, (pleasant, un- 
damaged, useful. 
I^eleu, s. A cape, headland. 
Xiclelele, r. To run totteringly 

along ; to swell ; to bulge out 

Xelo, s. the name of a fish. 
Xelu, s* An armlet; a large 

Xelu, \ v» To tire; to grow 
lielulelu,) weary of; to forget. 
Lemohaki, r. To be put under 

Lemohekina, r. To be drowned 

by being kept under water. 
Lemokaki, v. To put under 

Lena, s. The taba before made 

into gatu; a sham fight. 
Leta, a. Scattered; all on ends. 
Leva, ad. Forthwith, at once, 

Levei, s. A kind of yam. 
Levi, V. To accompany, always 

used of something small ac- 

companying a larger. 

Levulevu, $. A small kind of 

Li, V. To toss; to throw; to 

lash together. 
Li, s. The kafa which fastens 

the outrigger ef a canoe. 
Lia, V. To surpass; to outdo; 

to go ahead. 
Liaki, v. To cast off; to discard; 

to abandon. 
Liaki, s. A Tonga game with 

the hands. 
Lialiaki, v. To wave ; to swing 

to and fro. 
Liekina, s. A castaway; one 

Liekina, t?. To throw to and firo 

in the arms. 
Liogi, s. A deceased relative; 

one for whom it is becoming 

to sorrow. 
Liu, s. The hold of a vessel. 
Liu, t?. To cease, to fail; to 

cease to do as formerly; to 

change ; to appear different. 
Liua, V. To depose; to debase; 

to dethrone ; to degrade. 
Liua, a. Used of canoes. 
Liuua, V. To bale out the water 

of a canoe both fore and aft. 
Liuga, $. Times, used to things 

and events, as ^oio is to persons. 
Liutakei, r. To have a different 

appearance from being orna- 
mented or newly dressed. 
Lifio, 8. The butterfly. 
Lifulifujia, v. To be terrified; 

to be much afiraid. 

Lifiiigi,} «'• '^o P""'- 

Ligoligo, 8, A squeaking noisy 

Ligoligoa, a. Deserted, unin- 

Liha, s. A nit. 

Lihamua, s. The name of the 
first lunar month. 

Lihamui, s. The name of the 
twe\ttVi\\xxiw tsvoT^flc\» 



Liji, V. To fling or throw with 

Liji, s. A throw or fling. 

T ;:;?:1 I ^' To be thrown at. 

Like, V. To be advancing ; grow- 
ing wise. 
Likamatagi, v. To fear tempest. 
Likiliki, s. Small divisions of 

Likivaiy v. To pour a little oil 

into water for washing a young 

Liko, s. One kind of fishing 

Likolikoy a. Dirty; besmeared 

with dirt. 
Liku, s. That part of an island 

least frequented by canoes 

owing to its rocky shores. 
LikulikumoaOy a. Changeable, 

Lili, s. Anger, fieriness. 
Lili, o. Angry, rageful. 
Lili, V. To be angry; to boil; 

to rage. 
Liliu, V. To return ; to change ; 

to reform; to go before the 

Liliu, s. Reformation, conver- 
Lilifa, a. Steep, precipitous. 
Liligi, V. To pour out. 
Liligi, s. The act of pouring 

Lilika, a. Afraid, terrified. 
Liliko, s. The name of a fish. 
Liliko, a. Besmeared with dirt. 
Lililili, V. To simmer; to boil 

Lilo, a. Hid, concealed, hidden. 
Limu, s. The sea weed ; a shell 

Limualako, s, A shell fish. 
Limufuofua, s, A shell fish. 
Limukaka, s. A shell fish. 
Limulouago, s. A shell fish. 
Limuteemoa, s, A shell fish. 
•Llmutagau, s. A shell fish. 


Limutuu, s. A kind of sea weed 

used in cleaning the cknoes, 

Linoaki, r. To string leaves 

upon a rope for taking fish. 
Lisalisa, a. Poorly, weakly ; not 

able to work hard. 
Litolito, a. Soft, tender, unripe. 
Lo, s. The ant. 
Loa, s. Any pigment used for 

smearing oV^r the body. 
Loa, V. To besmear the body. 
Loa, ad. Some time past. 
Loi, s. A lie, falsehood, liar. 
Loi, t?. To lie; to mix with the 

expressed oil of the cocoa nut. 
Loi, a. Addicted to lying. 
Loia, V. To be surfeited in eat- 
Loio, V, To press ; to squeeze ; 

to break under the hands. 
Loilolo, s. A small quantity of 

oil to increase a larger quantity. 
Loima,^. A preparation of Tonga 

bread with the expressed oil 

of the cocoa nut. 
Loimata, s. Tears. 
Looa, V. To choke ; to be choked 

or suffocated. 
Lou, s. A leaf; a sheet of any 

thing ; a single one. 
Louaki, 9. To alter, to change ; 

to act differently on a sudden. 
Louua, a. iiifold, double. 
Louulu, s> The hair of the head. 
Louuluotua, s. The hair on the 

head of a child when born. 
Loubata, «. A tree. 
Lougutu^ s. The lips. 
Louhiinima, s. Fingers. 
Louhiivae, s. Toes. 
Louloua, s. Anger, displeasure. 
Louloua, a. Beclouded, over- 
Loulouulu, a. Spli^ cracked. 
Loumoa, s. One kmd of bread 

Loutoko, s. One kind of bread 



Loutolu, M. A creeping plant, 

Loba, v. To fasten the nia«t of 

a canoe. 
Lobe, \ V. To work; to 
Lobelobe,/ move, as water 

when shaken. 
Lofa, s. The name of a bird 


Lota, V. To fly with extended 

Lofai, \ V. To spread out the 

LoFeia,/ bftods and wings ; to 
scatter abroad; to push down. 

Lofajia, V. Obedient, yielding, 

Lofia, \ V. To overspread; 

Lofilofia,! to cover. 

Lofia, I. A volcano. 

Lofua, V. To rush upon; to 
seize unexpectedly. 

Loga, a. A raised bed or sleep- 
ing place. 

Logauha, ». To rain heavily. 

Logataa, a. Difficult to quell. 

Logo, a. Quiet; not talkative; 

Logoa, s. Noise, uproar, dis- 

Logoa, a. Noisy, uproarious. 

Logoa, ». To make a noise. 

Logouli, s. The name of ' a 

Logobee, a. Soft, good for eat- 
ing {the bread fruit.) 

Logologo, s. The name of a 
tree and its fruit. 

Logologo, a. Prognostic, fore- 

Logomate, a. Silent as death. 

Logona, «. To inform, to report, 

Logonoa, a. Dead silence, 

Logosa, », A pit; a snare for 
the foe. 

Logotuli, a. Stationary ; not 

Lohi, *. A falsehood, a He. 

Lohi, V. To lie, 

Lohiaki, i v. To belie, to de- 

Lohiakii,/ fame, to libel. 
, 153 


Lohiekins, r. To belie; to be 

Lohofua, <. Large testicles, 
Loboloho, s. The branch on 

which the nnts grow, 
Loholohoi, V, To thrash with 

the Loholoho. 
Loholohotahs, «, One kind of 

cocoa nut. 
Lohu, J. A forked stick used 

for twisting off the bread 

Lohui, \ V. To gather fruit 
Lohuiohu,/ with the Lohu. 
Loka, a. Rough, wavy, full of 

Lokeia, r. To be dashed about 

by the waves, 
Loki, s. A room, a closet. 
Loki, ^ a. Dark, enclosed, 
Lokiloki,) shut up. 
Loko, \ ad. Very; in a great 
Lokoloko,/ degree. 
Lokoloka, «, The name of a flab, 

and one kind of yam, 
Lokoloka, a. Rough, heavy, 

applied to the sea. 
Loku, V. To expect, to prepare. 
Loku, -i e. To draw to- 
Lokuloku,/ gether; to gather 

in sewing ; to pucker in a heap, 
Lokuii, 5. The name of a tish. 
Lokuiifeko,*. The name of a fish. 
Lole, D, To beat ; to give re- 
peated blows, 
Lolea, V. To beat ; to be beaten, 
Loli, 3. A shell fish, 
Loli, e. To fasten ; to make fast 

the rope oF the loba. 
Loli, a. Hard, himpy, applied 

to Tonga bread whea it does 

not ferment. 
Loli, s. The squeaking of the 

flying fox. 
Loliloli, a. Black. 
Lolo, s. Oil; a disease of which 

many die. . 
Lolo, a. Oily, fat, 
LoVo, V. lo Vfflci V!oa «h^ 'tEL 




Strong wind ; to rain in torrents ; I 
to descend suddenly. 

Loloa, a. Long^ tall; qualmish^ 

Loloa^ s. Length. 

Loloaga^ s. The full length. 

Loloiy v» To oil; to mix oily 
substance with others. 

LoloUy > V. To alter, to 

Loloukimui^i change, to re- 

Lolofa, V, To spread abroad the 
hands ; to extend the wings. 

Lolofi, V. To arrive unexpected- 
ly ; to press together, •applied 
to a number ot persons. 

Lolofia,! t?. To rejoice over; 

Lolofie,/ to be pleased with. 

Lologa, s. A large fishing net. 

Lologo, a. Quick, notloquacious. 

Lologo, s. Sharks in a shoal ; 
an assembly at a heathen 

Lplohifo, V. To fall; to press 
down; to descend; to be over- 

Lolohu, V. To take up or reach 
any thing with a forked stick. 

Loloka, a. See Loka. 

Loloku, t?. To gather up or 
collect at once. 

Loloku, s. Any thing done in 
reparation of insult to the gods' 
or their houses. 

Lolololo, s, Greasiness, oiliness. 

Lolololo, a. Oily, greasy. 

Lolololoi, V. To oil, to grease. 

Lolololo, V. To cut; to clear 
ground ; to beat soft. 

Loloma, v. To swell and rise as 

Lolomaka, s, A fish. 

Lolomata, s. A preparation of 

Lolomi, t?. To put down; to 
quell; to quiet ; to keep down. 

Loloto, a. Deep. 

JLoJotoga, ad. Whilst; in the 
mean time; during. 

Lolotu, a. Wild ; not tame. 

Lomaki, s. Flood, inundation, 

Lomaki, -^ v. To drown, to 

Lomakii,/ deluge, to plunge. 

Lomekina, t?. To be overwhelmed 
by a wave ; to be drowned. 

Lomi, V, To push and keep 

Lomia, v. To quell; to put down. 

Lomigataa, a. Difficult to pre- 

Lomigofua, a. Easy to prevent. 

Lomiloaia, t?. To put down or 
quell without exception. 

Lomilomi, v» To punish captives 
after war ; to quell. 

Lomu, s. The name of a shell 

Lomulomu, a. Fat ; very fat. 

Lona, s. The hiccup. 

Lonuku, V. To sit or bow in 

Lotaki, t?. To encourage, to ex- 
hort, to hearten. 

Lote, 1 V. To stir; to mix 

Lotelote,/ from the bottom. 

Loto, s. The mind ; the middle, 
the centre ; the inside, the 
interior ; the temper. 

Loto, V. To consent ; to agree 

Loto, a. Deep. 

Lotoa, 8. A fold; an enclosure; 
a premises enclosed. 

Lotolava, a. Versatile ; ever 

Lotoloto, V* To be in the middle. 

Lotolotoua, a. Double minded, 

Lotolotoua, s. Fickleness, in- 

Lotolotoga, s. The midbt, centre^ 

Lotofelavai, a. See Lotolava. 

Lotogia, V. To attend to; t 
think of. 

Lotu, s. Prayer, devotion, ado 
ration, worship. 

\ Lotu, V. To ^T^^, \.ov«QtitL\^ 



Lotua, V, To pray for ; to inter- 
cede. •• 
Lovai, s. Heavy and continued 

Louvaiy s. The bread fruit when 

it falls from the tree. 
Lu, s. The leaves of the Talo ; 

the cabbage ; herbs. 
Lua, 9. To vomit, to disgorge, 

to spew. 
Lua, s, A sunken reef. 
Luaki, V. To provoke another 

to the performance of some 

Luaki, r. To be sick with. 
Luabuna,| s. A reef with break- 
Luafaji, J ers on it. 
Luamauku, s. A reef on which 

the waves rise but do not 

Lue, V, To waddle; to move 

from side to side. 
Luekina, r. To be jolted or 

knocked from side to side. 
Luelue, v. To move ; to roll, as 

a vessel in a calm. 
Luo, s. A hole, a cavity, an 

Luolua, s. Two small, canoes 

lashed together. 
Luoluo, a. Full of holes or pits ; 

Luomelie, s. A hole or cavity in 

sunken rocks easy to get fish 

Luobubua, > *. * A deep pit ; 
Luotaomamao, / abyss. 
Luotamaki, s, A hole from which 

it is difficult to get fish. 
Lube, s. The wild pigeon. 
Lubea, a. Abounding in pi- 
Lubei, V. To carry suspended 

on both sides. 
Lubelube, v. To swag as in 

carrying any thing long. 
Lubo, s. The name of a fish. 
Lubolago, #. The name of a 



Lubolubo, s. The name of a 

Lubotalu, s. The name of a fish. 
Lufa, s. The Navigator Island's 

Lufilufi, i;. To screen, to curtain; 

to surround. 
Lufolufa, £. A thick kind of 

native cordage. 
Lugekina, v. To sufier a relapse 

from exertion or motion. 
Luji, V. To gather all, applied 

to nuts and bread fruit. 
Lujiafa, v. To forage; to take 

where it can be found, after 

a hurricane. 
Luki, s. A challenge. 
Luki, 1 V. To challenge, to 
Lukia, ) defy. 
Luku, a. Weak, old. 
Luku, s. Small pieces of wood 

for filling up in building canoes. 
Lukufua, r. To grasp the whole; 

to comprehend the whole. 
Lukuluku, V. To wear the dress 

in a loose indecent manner. 
Lukutaga, s. An armful or hand- 
ful of any thing. 
Lukuvaka, s. A disease increased 

or a death consequent upon 

a voyage. 
Luli, a. Disgusting, disagree- 
Lulu, s. The owl ; the name of 

a fish; one kind of sugar cane; 

the reeding of a house. 
Lulu, r. To shake ; to reed. 
Lulua, r. To vomit, to disgorge. 
Lulua, s. The act of vomiting. 
Luluo, a. Sunk, as the eyes in 

Luluki, s. The root of the kava. 
Luluku, V. To sprinkle; to bap- 
tize ; to have ; to hold ; to 

keep in possession. 
Lulululu, V. To shake hands ; 

to cause to tremble ; to shake. 
Lulululu, 5, A trembUxv^^ ^ 



Lumq, s. Mockery, mitnickry. 
Luma, > r. To mimick^ to 

Lumolumai,/ mock^ to deride. 
Luma, \ a. Addicted to 
Lumoluma^ ( mockery. 
Lusa, a. Forsaken^ dei^titutei 

Luw, V. To forsake, to slacken 

to relax. 
Lutu, V. To cause a sound by 

striking in the water. 
Luvai, V. To wash with water, 

as bottles, &c. that are shaken. 



THE thirteenth Letter 
J in the Tonga Alphabet. 
. Its sound is that of m in mark. 
Ma, s. Shame^ . bashfiilness ; 

Ma, V. To be ashamed; to chew 

the kava root. 
Ma. a. Bashful, modest ; capa- 
ble of, able. 
Ma, con. And, used only in 

connecting numerals. 
Maa, prep. For. 
Maa, a. Clean, pure; burnt, 

Maa, s. Cleanliness, purity. 
Maau, For thee. 
Maafu, s. A name of ofSce; the 

burning of a heathen temple. 
Maaga, s. A mouthful ; a morsel. 
Maagia, a. Scorched, burnt. 
Maahi, s. The tail offish. 
Maahi, t7. To taste of ; to have 

a smack. 
Maaku, For me. 
Maala, s. Plantation of yams ; 

a garden. 
Maalaala, a. Clean, cleared of 

weeds and rubbish. 
Maali, V. To flit across; to shoot 

Maaliali, v. To sit exposed to 

the breeze. 
Maalifekina, v. To see; to get 

a glimpse of. 
Maalualu, a. Torn, shreded, 

not cut. 
Maamaa, s. Lightness ; want of 
weight; the lights or lungs. 

Maamaa, a. Light, not heavy. 

Maamaaikai, s. One light or 
ready to eat, but heavy or un- 
willing to work. 

Maamaagamalie, a. Empty; all 
gone ; all out. 

Maamaalava , s. The name of a tree. 

Maana, For him or her. 

Maanu, | v. To float, to 

Maanuanu,/ swim. 

Maanu, s. One kind of Kolokalu. 

Maata, For me. 

Maava, s. The name of a fish. 

Mae, a. Withered, dried, faded. 

Mae, V. To fade, to wither. 

Mae, \ V. To smell mouldy 

Maemae,/ and withered. 

Maea, s, A rope, roping. 

Maeakii, i v. To be careful 

Maemaeakii,/ of; to be par- 
ticular about. 

Maeatuu, a. Lost ; overwhelmed 
by something sudden. 

Maefu, s. Dust. 

Maeneene, v. To be ticklish. 

Mai, prep. To, towards, used 
before pronouns of the first 

Mai, V. To make bread of. 

Maiioio, a. Cracked; fall of 

Maifa, a. Empty. 

Maifi,\ s. A humming noise; 

Maili,/ the sensation of wind 
as when any thing passes near 
the face. 

Maihi, s. A cut; a wound by 



Mailei $. The name of a sUrub 

Maikiiki, a. Full of cracks |uk} 


Siii,} ^- '^^ ^^^^ «^"^^y- 

Maimoa, s. A trifle, a play 

Maimoa^ v. To trifle, to play. 
Maina, v. To laugh, to titter. 
Maina, a. White, as flesh first 

Maitaki, s. The beloved wife of 

a polygamist. 
Maito, s, A shrub. 
Maitoa, int. An expression of 
pleasure at the misfortunes of 
Mao, s. Steam. 
Mao, a. Clumsy, unhandy; cruel 

in sport. 
Mao, V. To do without care ox 
thought; to speak unadvisedly. 
Maoa, V. To sound, as the 

breaking of cocoa nuts. 
Maobo, \ a. Shut, compact, 
Maoboobo, i close. 
Maofa, \ V, To smell; to 
Maofoofa,/ send forth a smell. 
Maogo, V. To feel ; to impress. 
Maogooga, a. Precious; great 

in value ; important. 
Maojia, v. To bruise ; to hurt. 
Maoluga, s. Height, elevation, 

Maoluga, a. High, elevated. 
Maomao, a. Dry, applied to 
the intervals between showers. 
Maomoana, v. To go out far 

from shore. 
Maomaoganoa, a. Silent, still. 
Maomaokimua, ad. Beforehand. 
Maoni, v. To continue ; to do 

Maoni, a. Perfect, disinterested. 
Maonioni, s. Righteousness. 
Maonioni, a. Righteous. 
Mau, pron. We, us, our, ex- 
c]uding the person addressed. 

Mau, \ ad. Always, per* 

Mauaibe,/ petually. 

Mau, s. Constancy, firmness. 

Mau, a. Constant, unwavering, 
fast, firm. 

Mau, V. To obtain ; to possess ; 
to accept ; to move. See ]\faU' 

Maua, 9. To cease. 

Mauaga,\ s. The place for the 

Mauga, I obtaining of any 

Mauaki, v. To be so; to I^Leep 
at this. 

Maui, s. The name of that sup- 
posed being who drew up the 
Friendly Islands with a fish 

Maui, a. Alive, well, convales- 
cent, applied to several. 

Mauiui, a. Healthy; well, as a 
wound ; flourishing. 




Mauga, V. To frequent ; to refer 
or have relation to. 

Maukubu, s. A single dress of 

Maukubu, s. Breadth. 

Maula, V. Sharp, edged. 

Maulalo, s. Depth, deepness. 

Maulalo, a. Deep. 

Mauli, s. A midwife. 

Mauli, V. To practice midwifery. 

Maulu, V. To dive; to swim 
under water. 

Maumau, ^. Destruction, waste, 

Maumau, } v. To waste, to 

Maumaui,7 destroy, to break. 

Maumau, v. To move, used in 
seeking persons, &c. 

Maumauaki, v. To put up with; 
to endure. 

Maumaugataa, a. Difficult to 
break ; difficult to get. 

Maumaugofua, a. Easy to de- 

\ s. J 
'^J bU 

A hollow bub- 
bling sound. 



Maumaunootaga^ v. To fill up 

to the place at which it is 

Maumautuga, v. To stick fast. 
Maumalie, v. To be divided 

equally and fairly. 
Mauna^ v. To pain ; to threaten 

Mauta^ V. To have acquired ; to 

have learnt. 
Mautamaki, v. To be divided 

into portions, but not fairly or 

Maba, s. The name of a tree 

and its fruit ; the eggs of the 

turtle before laid. 
Mabee, v. To fall. 
M abeefua, v. To fall flat down. 
Mabelu, ^ v. To bend; to 
Mabelubelu^i fold ; to bow 

down ; to droop ; to stoop. 
Mabeluua, v. To bend double. 
Maboiboiy v. To talk ; to persist 

in talking. 

Mabogutu,} *• Vain boasting. 

Mabogutu, V. To boast, to brag. 

Mabu, V. To whistle; to make 
a whistling noise in the nose. 

Mabuhi, V. To spout. 

Mabuhoi, v. To sigh ; to breathe 
hard, as one very tired. 

Mabuke, v. To spring upon ; to 
appear suddenly, applied to 

Mabukebuke, v. To do, to ac- 

Mabumabu, v. To whistle re- 

Mabumabu, s. Space, interval, 
used of what is incessant. 

Mabuni, *» v. To be shut or 

Mabunibuni,/ closed; to shut 
or close ; to coalesce. 

Mabunobuna, v. To shoot out; 
to spring up, as a fountain. 

Mafa, s. A flat or level on the 
jsf/de of a mountain, 
Mafa, V. To attend to ; to give 


the strength of the mind to any 

Mafa, a. Plenty, abundance, 

used in reference to things of 

which there lacks a correspond- 
ing proportion, as, Mafafale 
1>lenty of house room, but 
ittle or nothing to show in it ; 

Mafalau plenty of talk, but 

no doings to correspond. 
Mafaa, v. To open, to extend. 
Mafaafaa, a. Split, cracked, 

Mafai, s. Sufficiency, ability. 
Mafai, I a. Able to do ; com- 
Mafaifai,/ petent. 
Mafao, ^ t?. To extend, to ' 
Mafaofao, ^ stretch out. 
Mafau, I I?. To be stretched; 
Mafaufau,/ to be drawn; to 

have been well worn. 
Mafahi s. A crack or split; 

Mafahi, i t?. To be split or 
Mafahifahi,/ cracked; to part 

Mafajia, \ v. To be tired ; 
Mafamafajia,! to be heavy 

laden ; to be burdened. 
Mafajifaji, a. Broken up; in 

Mafaki, ^ i?. To be separated ; 
Mafakifaki,/ to be in joints or 

Mafalo, t?. To be drawn or 

stretched, as a rope. 
Mafamafa, a. Heavier. 
Mafana, a. Warm, zealous. 
Mafana, s. Warmth, gentle heat. 
Mafanahia, v. To be warmed. 
Mafanafana, a. Warm (a little.) 
Mafatua, s, A sneeze. 
Mafatua, v. To sneeze. 
Mafee, a. Open, spread out, 

Mafeia, «?. To be able to do. - 
Mafehi, a. Open. 

lKiJ«Eej\\ *. To be broken. 



MafeUy a. Open, extended. 

Mafelefela^ a. Too open; too 
much extended. 

Mafi^ s. A conqueror, a victor. 

Mafihu, I V. To move; to 

Mafihufihu, I work. 

Mafihuga, s. The temper, dis- 
position, &c. including every 
movement of the mind. 

Mafihugatamaki, v. To twist; 
to turn, so as to cause pain. 

Mafili, \ V. To turn or roll 

Mafilifili,/ about. 

Mafimafi, s. Power, might. 

Mafimafi, a. Most powerful. 

Mafoa, 1 r. To be cracked or 

Mafofoa, / broken ; to be crack- 
ed in several place<«. 

Mafofoa, a. Flawy ; full of flaws. 

Mafohi, > r. To be peeled 

Mafohifohi,) or skinned in 

£Schu,} -T»l-e«'«i- 
Mafoki, V. To be turned upside 

down, and inside out. 
Mafola, ) V. To be spread 
Mafolofola, f out or extended ; 

to be diffused abroad. 
Mafu, s. The heart. 
Mafu, a. Scale ; bad in smell. 
Mafua, £. A tree. 
Mafuaatu, s. A tree. 
Mafua, s. A shoal of small fish ; 

what one is particularly fond 

of eating or drinking. 
Mafua, w. A rising ground 
Mafuatanu,/ formed for the 

purpose of bounding rods 

along in the game called Jika. 
Mafue, V. To lie scattered and 

in confusion. 
Mafujifuji, V. To pull; to jerk 

Mafuke, a. Open, unfolded. 
Mafuli, I V. To be capsized 
Mafulifuli,/ or turned over. 
Maiulu, r. To snuff up the wind; 

to breathe through the nose. 

Mafulu, a. Hairy. 

M afulutamaki, s. The sensation 
of one whose respiration i» 

Mafulufulutamaki, a. Angry, dis- 
pleased, as one whose respi- 
ration is affected. 

Mafunofuna, a. Ragged ; not 
smooth on the surface. 

Maga, s. A branch of a tree or 
road ; a stream from a foun- 
tain ; the curved part of a Tonga 
fish hook. 

Maga, s. The name of a fish. 

Maga, a. Open ; forked ; spread- 

Magaga, v. To desire; to long 
to do. 

Magaofe, a. Bent, bowlike. 

Magaua, s. A tree with two 
trunks at one root ; a double 

Magalogalo, v. To be sinking 
out of sight ; to be forgetting. 

Magakoka, s. One species of 
. Talo. 

Magamaga, a. Full of branches. 

Magamaga, v. To branch off; 
to take different routes ; to go 
to more than one chief on 
arriving at any place. 

Magamagaatai, s. A shell fish. 

Magamaganoa, a. Limbed ; sup* 
plied with limbs, but useless ; 

Magatefua, s. One kind of Tah. 

Magaele, s. The name of a tree. 

Magelei, v. To wash new canoes 
with the leaves of the Magele. 

Magemage, a. Dry, shrivelled. 

Magoa, a.Dry ; without moisture, 
as the yam when old. 

Magiji, 8. Food prepared for. 
strangers or persons just ar- 

Magii, I a. Heavy laden, as 

Magiigii,/ a canoe; tired. 

Magoi, V, To impress ; to make 

Magoto, \ a. Deep ; sunk ; 

Magotogoto,/ «buiu)ant. 

Magotogoto, t. Abundance. 

Magu, a. Crusted, crimp. 

Magugu, f. One kind of sugar 

Magumagu, 4. Tbe scab of sores; 

Magumagu, v. To scab over; 
to be scabbed. 

Magugu, 1 o. To champ ; 

Magugugugu,! to crack up 
bones or any thing hard with 
the teeth. 

Maha, s. Emptiness ; a fish. 

Maha, a. Empty, devoid. 

Muliaamaka, s. Deception, as 
a reef which looks hkely to 
produce shell fish, but on 
seeking the mistake is dis- 

Mahae, \ a. Torn; torn in 

Mahaebae,/ several places. 

Mabaihai, a. Bound, tied fast. 

Mabau, \ a. Thin ; spare ; 

Mahauhau,/ not stout. 

Mahafeafea, e. To know ; to be 
aware of. 

Mahafu, s. Armour; weapons 
of war. 

Mabaga, *. Twins. 

Mabagaua, a. Double, as two 
trees on one root. See Maga- 

Mahagalei, s. Twins, one of each 

Mahagataane, s. Twins, both 

Mabahua, a. Dry; without mois- 

Mahake, \ a. Risen, rose 

Mahakehake,/ up. 

Mabaki, f . Sickness, disease ; 
also death, when used in tbe 
past tense. 

Mabaki, a. Sick, afflicted. 

Mabaki, j t>. To lift, to 
Mshakihaki, I raise; toheUfted 

or raised, 



Mahakia, v. To drink empty* 

Mahakiia, a. Afflicted, unwelL 

Mabakimoa, t. Epilepsy, c(n* 
vulaions, fit. 

Mahala, -) a. Tom ; torn ia 

Mahalaua,! two. 

Mahalahala, a. Tom to pieces, 

Mahalo, t. Imaginatioo, thougbt, 

Mahalo, ) v. To conjecture; 

Mahalohalo,/ to think; to sus- 

Mahamahagamalie, a. Empty; 
all out. 

Mfthamuhamu, v. To be pulled; 
to jerk suddenly. 

Mamuhalogohua, a. Still ebbiiig 
but near to flow, used of tbe 

Mabalu, 1 a. Shreded ; torn 

Mahaluhalu, J into shreds. 

Mabamaha, a. Not dry nor yet 
deep, as reefs, &c. at ebb 

Maiiamahaki, a. Subject to af- 
fliction; lightly afflicted; feeble. 

Mahanihani, a. Clean cloudless, 
as the sky ; free from dirt. 

Mahei, s. A nick name for war. 

Maheiauho, s. The quarreUing 
of relatives. 

Mabeikau, a. Ripe ; brown in 

Mabeihiu, a. Talkative; clever 
at talking. 

Mahehi, v. To dress constantly 
with any tbtng dirty and 

Mahenea, t. The sound of a 
voice almost lost io the dis- 

Mabehei, a. Wrong; imprudent; 

Mabekiheki, a. Jutted out ; ex- 
tended.,} "■ ^"'^ '"""X^- 
Mahelebele, t. A kind of grass. 


Matieni, v. To be accustomed 

or in the habit of. 
Hahi, ». Sonmesa, acidity. 
Mahi, a. Sour, acid. 

Hahihi, «. To be aeparated or 

dislodged from the shell. 
Mahiki, \ v. To rise; to 
Mabtkihiki, / appear - higher 
than formerly; to rejoice; to 
exhibit signs of joy. 

SIWU,} «• Better, l.rg„. 
Mahimago, a. Hard, obdurate, 

Mahimahi, i. The name of afisb. 
Mahimahi, a, Aaceacent ; rather 

Mahina, g. The moon. 

Mahina, \ a. White in ap- 

Mahinehina,/ pearance. 

Hahino, \ a. Plain, distinct, 

MaMnobino,/ intelligible, ap- 
plied to lang:uage. 

Mahoaa, s. Arrow root; flonr. 

Mahofa, r. To be fallen ; to be 
prostrate ; to overspread. 

Hahohohofa, a. Flat ; spread 

Mahoka, \ v. To be speared 

Mabokohoka,/ or pierced. 

Maholi, > V. To be chipped 

Maholiholi,/ in places. 

Maholi, s. One kind of banana. 

Maholihina, a. One kind of 

Mahu, a. Plen^, abundance. 
Mabu, a. Fertile, fruitiiil. 
Mabu, t. The hollow sound of 

any thing distant. 
Mahua, e. To be spilt, poured 

out, lost. 
Mahuatnata, p. To see plenty 

but not possess, 
Mabui, r. To leave; to separate 



Mabuifuhi, r. To fall in bunches. 
Mahuiga, t. Preciosity, value. 
Mahuiga, a. Precious, valuable. 
Mahuihui, p. To break from. 
Mabuo, V. To be hoed. 
Mahuofaua, a. BrimfuU. 
Mafauotua, a. Plenty of what is 

becoming the poor, but no 

Mahuhu, \ B. To be pierced 
Mahuhuhuhu, ' orpricked. 
Mahuke, i p. To be forced 
Mahukebuke,/ or raised up- 
Mahutafalafa,! a. Plenty; uni- 
Mahutafea, / versal plenty. 
Maji, s. The name of a tree and 

its fruit. 
Maji, a. Soar; decayed, as the 

nut when kept too long. 
Majiata, s. A tree. 
Majtua, ». To break in two any 

thing round. 
Majiji, \ p. Cracked; chinked; 
Mi^ijijiji, / full of splits. 
Majikoka, a. The name of a 

Majikona, a. The name of a 

Majila, a. A bamboo used as a 

fishing rod. 
Majila, a. Sharp, edged. 
Majila, a. Sharpness; keenness 

of edge or point. 
Majili, \ a. Snipped; chipped, 
Majilijili,f as any edged tool. 
Majima, a. Salt. 
Majitala, /. A tree. 
Majiva, a. Poverty, necessity, 

Majiva, a. Poor, destitute, needy. 
Majivejiva, a. Poor in appear- 
ance; aMect. 
Maka, a. Stone or rock of any 

Makaafi, a. A fire stone; a flint. 
Makai, .t. The name of a tree. 
Makaikai, e. To be ««.te(^ «ic 

worn into \vAe%. * 



Makaone, s. The sand stone. 
Makau, % v. To coil; to twist; 
Makauua,/ to writhe; to. walk 

or saunter about. 
Makau, a. Lazy, indolent. 
Makauu, s. A biting stone; a 

stone in the sea said to pro- 
duce an itclung on the skin. 
Makabuna, s. Grand children. 
Makafaahi, s. The side stones 

of a sepulchre. 
Makafakafai, v. To be bound 

with iafa. 
Makafala^ s. The bottom stone 

of a sepulchre or vault. 
Makafatu, s. The name of one 

kind of stone. 
Makafeke, v. To catch the Feke, 
Makafeke, s, A kind of marble 

Makafetoliaki r. To be of one 

mind ; to use freely from each 

other's stores. 
Makafokafo, v. To be wounded 

in several places. 
Makahuni, s. The pebble. 
Makakafu, s. The stone with 

which a sepulchre is covered 

Makaka, a. Hard, unyielding; 

not pliant ; clumsy, awkward. 
Makaka, v. To stretch out the 

M akalava, v. To lie along. 
Makamaka, a. Stony; full of 

Makamakau, a. Crooked, lazy. 
Makamio, v. To walk about. 
Makamiki, s. A Tonga play. 
Makamu, > v. To shoot, 

Makamukamu,/ to flit 
Makata, \ a. Cut, bruised, 
Makatakata,/ wounded, split. 
Makata, s. A sling for throwing 

stones; the head and foot 

stones in a vault. 
Makata, v. To sling stones. 
Makatekn, a. Unsteady, waver- 


Makatuu, a. Steady, immove- 
able, firm. 

Makeu, i r. To go; to ap- 

Makeukeu,/ pear. 

Makeke, v. To be warped ; to 
be raised in any direction. 

Makeli, t?. To be dug ; to be in 

Makenu, \ s. The sand or 

Makenukenu, r earth as dis- 
turbed by one walking along. 

Makii, i t?. To laugh, to 

Makiikii, i titter 

Makilo, 1 r. To shew ; to ap- 

Makilokilo,) pear in sight. 

Makini, ) r. To smart; to 

Makinikini, ( tingle. 

Mako, V. To be smeared from 
head to foot with black pig- 

Makoa, r. Wait a little; hold 

M^i°^\ ] «• Valuable. 

Makohi, "i t?. To be scratch- 

Makohikohi,! ed. 

Makoki, v. To be able, to do. 

Makoko, 1 a. To be squeezed, 

Makokoua, / pressed, or indent- 

Makamakoaga, a. Variable in 

Makoji, 'I V. To be eaten ; to 

Makojikoji, / be nibbled ; bitten. 

Makona, a. Satisfied with food; 
loaded, as a gun. 

Makuku, s. A cracking noise. 

Makuku, t?. To rustle along. 

Makulekule, v. To be ransacked. 

Makulu, ) V. To be over- 

Makulukulu, / loaded and press- 
ed out of joint. 

Makulu, V. To drop as rain. 

Mala, s. The name of a fish ; 
foolishness, misfortune. 

Malae, s. A green; a grass 
plat ; a circus. 

Malaelae, a. Open; free from 
o\)stT\icl\ows> vSke ^ Maiac* 


Malaia, a. Dead, abandoned, 

Maiau, s. The name of a iish. 

Malau, a. Uproarious, noisy, 

Malautea, s. A iish. 

Malauvai, s. A fish. 

Malaga, s. An oration; a dis- 
course ; a sermon ; preacher. 

Malaga, v. To preach ; to dis- 

MalaSiaga.} "' ^o be raised. 

Malagaekina, r. To plead or in- 
tercede for. 

Malagaifaiva, v. To do a work 
from the reported success of 

Malagafono, s. The persons who 
attend a proclamation; i>ne 
who goes to bring a ^report of 
a proclamation. 

Malago, 1 a. Applied to a 

Malagolago,/ canoe that is 
higher fore and aft than in the 

Malaki, v. To tread; to stamp 

Malakilaki, a. Well, in health, 
applied to chiefs. 

Malala, s. Charcoal, embers. 

Malalaga, v. To execute com- 
mands ; to wait upon a chief. 

Malali, s, A feast. 

Malali, \ V. To be scratched^ 

Malalilali,/ marked, or torn. 

Malama, v. To shine. 

Malamala, s. Chips of wood ; 
shavings ; lumps of fish. 

Malamala, a. Sour; sourish in 

Malamalaatoa, s. A tree. 

Malamalaki, v. To stamp upon ; 
to tread under feet. 

Malanu,«a. Agreeable to the 
taste, palatable. 

Malave, v. To be fixed or fasten- 

Malave, a. Tall, tallest. 



Male, s. A play. 
Malea, a. Laid ; beat or trodden 

Malea, s. A track ; footmarks. 

Maleelea, a. Laid; trodden down 
with the feet. 

Maleifua, a. Comfortable, clean. 

Malekamoe, s. Blind man's buff ; 
a play. 

Malelani, a. Universal, general. 

Malele, i v. To incline to; 

Malelelele, / to recline towards ; 
to run, to pursue, applied to 

Malena, \ a^ Smooth ; free 

Malenalena, i from creases. 

Mali, t?. To smile. 

Maliava, a. Unpalatable, sour. 

Malie, v. To be pleased or de- 
lighted ; to do easily or gently. 

Malie, a. Pleasing, fortunate. 

Malie, s. The last drying of the 
native cloth ere it is used. 

Malielau, a. Fair of speech. 

Maliu, ^ r. To come; to return; 

Maliuliu,/ to be turned or ex- 

Maligi, V. To be spilt. 

Malimali, v. To smile ; to ap- 
pear pleased. 

Malinoa, a. Unsettled, not fixed; 
here and there and every 

Malo, int. Well done! fine! a 
word of praise and approval. 

Malo, s, A winner in games. 

Maloulau, s. The name of a fish. 

Maloulau, a. New, fresh ; lately 
cooked, as food. 

Maloba, a. Tight; made fast; 
(the mast of the canoe.) 

Malofa, V. To be spread ; to be 
laid flat. 

Malohi, s. Strength, power, 
force, energy. 

Malohi, a. Strong, powerful, 

Maloli, 17. Tahe iui^te^^eA% i^ 
to make vrftTpT^^«vavv\ X^vsiSR.:-' 



Malohigutu^ s. One stronger in 

words than in work. 
Malolo, s. The flying fish; the 

name of a tree ; rest, repose ; 

cessation from labour. 
Malolo, V. To rest; to cease 

from labour. 
Malolo, a. Resting, quiescent. 
Malolo, V. To bow down; to 

stoop ; to disappear, as a 

Maloloaga, s, A resting place. 
Malomaloaa, a. Sore in the eyes, 

appUed to the Tamaha and 

the Tuitoga. 
Malorai, v. To be appeased; to 

be quelled. 
Malona, v. To sink; to die 

away ; to subside. 
Malu, a. Loose, soft. 
Malu, V. To let go ; to relax. 
Malu, a. Tight; impervious to 

Malu, a. Mild, milder, applied 

to the wind ; easy ; free from 

Malua, V. To cringe ; to exhibit 

signs of fear. 
Maluafonua, v. To be concealed 

or hidden by an island. 
Malualoi, s. A hypodrite; hy- 
Malualoi, a. Hypocritical. 
Malualu, v. To be torn or shred- 

Malui, s. Protection, screen, 

Malui, 1 t?. To protect ; to 
Maluia,/ shelter; to screen. 
Maluia, v. To be eclipsed or 

obscured by the superior ex- 
cellence of another. 
Malubo, s. A name of office in 

the Tonga government. 
Malugia, a. Mild and agreeable 

weather during the perform- 
ance of any work, 
Malulu, a. Milder; growing 
m/Jd; {the wind.) 

Malulugia^ a. Damp, wet. 
Malumaea, a. Old and rotten, 

as a rope ; weak, infirm. 
Malumalu, s. Cloudy, cool, shad- 
Malumalu, s. Any shaded place ; 

the cool of the day. 
'Malumu, s. A party lying in 

ambush ; any war weapon ; 

the sound as of striking^ a 

human being. 
Malumu, v. To lie in ambush. 
Mamaa, a. Thoroughly cleansed. 
Mama, s. World ; a lamp ; light ; 

Mama, s. A ring; a leak; a shell 

Mama, r. To leak ; to chew ; to 

Mama, a. Leaky. 
Mamaaga, s. The source of 

light ; the sun. 
Mamaaga, s. A very large mouth- 
Mamae, s. The plantain. 
Mamaetuaniu, s. One kind of 

the plantain. 
Mamaevai, *. One kind of the 

Mamaehina, s. One kind of the 

Mamae, i t?. To value; to be 
MamaeiJ careful of; unwilling 

to part with. 
Mamae, a. Withered, dried. 
Mamao, r. To yiiwn and stretch ; 

to gape. 
Mamao, s. Distance, absence. 
Mamao, 'a. Distant, remote, 

Mamao, ad. Afar, aloof, abroad. 
Mamau, a. Fast, fastened, cos- 
Mamau, v. To frequent ; to 

visit frequently. « 

Mamau, \ v. To be bitten by 
Mamaua,/ a shark. 
Mamabu, v. To whistle. 
Mamata, s • "VJ e\^V^ \xk^wV.%.wcc. 



Mamafa, s. Heavy, weighty, im- 

Mamafi, v. To excite fear; to 
alarm, generally applied to 
a report. 

Mamahbuga, s. The temper, 
conduct, conversation. See 
Mafihuga. *■ 

Mamaga, v. To stride ; to extend 
the legs. 

Mamagalo, a. Deep ; nearly out 
of sight and remembrance. 

Mamage, s, A shrub. 

Mamagi, s. A kind of yam ; a 

Mamagia, a. Enlightened; over- 
powered with light. 

Mamaha, s. Ebb tide. 

Mamaha, o. Empty (several.) 

Mamahi, . s. Grief, pain, un- 

Mamahi, a. Painful, sorrowful. 

Mamahiia, r. To be in pain. 

Mamahigataa, a. Difficult to 
pain; callous. 

Mamahigofua, a. Easily pained; 

Mamahitaute, s. Pain brought 

on by bad conduct. 
Mamaka, a. Rough, uncouth, 

Mamala, a. Sourish ; rather 

Mamali, v. To smile ; to appear 

Mamaloa, a. Light without in- 
termission, as at the full moon. 
Mamalu, v. To overshadow ; to 

Mamana, s. A lover. 
Mamana, v. To love; to be in 

Mamanu, s. A fish. 
Mamata, v. To see. 
Mamate, v. To be swamped or 

Mamate, a. Benumbed, steril. 
Mamate, s. Deadness, numbed- 



Mami, s. One kind of banana. 

Mamio, V. To walk. 

Mamio, a. Twisted, strained. 

Mami, \ v. To chew; to 

Mamimami, I keep biting at 
any thing hard. 

Mamihina, s. One kind of the 
banana. * 

Mamili r. To saunter about; to 
idle away time. 

Mamicutue, s. A kind of the 

Mamo, X. The name of a fish. 

Mamulu, \ v. To be rubbed 

Mamulumulu,) or frayed; to 

Mana, s. Thunder; a miracle. 

Mana, i v. To bewitch ; to 

Manai,/ cause something to 
happen to another. 

Manaui, s. A tree ; the name of 
. a fish. 

Manako, v. To like ; to approve; 
to prefer. 

Manako, s. Like; the object 

Manamana, a. Showery, squally. 

Manatu, v. To remember; to 
think upon. 

Manatu, a. Anxious, as one 
from home. 

Manava, s. The womb ; the 
breath ; respiration ; afflation. 

Manava, v. Tp breathe ; to re- 
spire ; to throb ; to pulsate. 

Manavaofa, s. Compassion, pity. 

Manavaofa, a. Compassionate, 

Manavafaji, a. Broken winded ; 
afflicted from being too long 
without food. 

Manavafili, v. To think, to cogi- 

Manavaga, s. A place where all 
is swallowed up. 

Manavahe, s. Fear, dread, re- 

Manavahe, a. Fearful. 

ManavaYve, d. To ^t^x* 



Manavaheia^ a. Fearful, awful, 
inspiring fear. 

Manavahoko, a. Courageous, 
bold, daring. 

Manavajii, a. Cowardly. 

Mianavakavakava, a. Zealous, 

eager, persevering. 
<*Manavakavakava, s, ZaQq\, eager- 

Manavalahi, a. Courageous. 

ManeSnefu,} '; ^*^" "^ ^^^- 
Maneke, v. To bulge ; to push 

Manemanea, a. Weak ; becoming 

Manifi, ) m.- 

Manifinifi,; «• T**'"- 
Manimaniia, a. Smooth from 

Manimo, a. Lost; hid; out of 

the way. 
Manini, s. A fish. 
Maninia, a. Smooth, slippery. 
Maninia, v. To be set on edge ; 

to feel a tingling sensation 

through the body. 
Mano, a. Ten thousand. 
Manoa, s. The string with which 

birds are tied. 
Manoo, \ a. Small in the 
Manoonoo, i middle ; *puckered 

and bulged. 
Manofo, v. To li^e contentedly 

in a place. 
Manogi, a. Sweet scented, odori- 
Manonoo, v. To be well tied or 

Manonu, s. The name of a tree. 
Manu, s. Animals, birds, beasts, 

(generic term ;) the tooth ache. 
Manua, v. To suffer from the 

tooth ache. 
Manui, s. One kind of gatu. 
Manuka, > t?. To kill, to murder, 
Manukaia,/ applied to chiefs. 
Manuki, s. Derision; rude re- 
proach; contempt. 


Manuki, ^ v. To revile, to de- 

Manukia,/ ride, to sneer; to 
be mocked. 

Manuji, i a. Broken, smash* 

Manuiinuji, i ed. 

ManuKiaga, s. One who is ridi- 
culed or sneered at ; the object 

- of contempt. 

Manumanu, s. A small party 
who commences the fighting 
in war; fringes or strips of 
any thing light hung to the 
canoe sail. 

Manumanu, s. Covetousness, 
avarice ; the name of one kind 
of grass. 

Manumanu, a. Covetous. 

Manumanu, v. To covet. 

Manumanumelie, a. Well look- 
ing ; fine in appearance, as a 
warrior ready for action. 

Manumanutamaki, a. Mean ; 
cowardly in appearance. 

Manumi, > a. Creased; crimp- 

Manuminumiji ed, not folded. 

Manutaulalo, v. See Taulalo. 

Manutahi, s. A bird of the sea ; 
applied to one anxious to do 
what is not at all becoming 
him, as a land bird to go to 

Manuvakai, s. The look out 
bird ; tlie one that leads the 

Masima, s. Salt. 

Masima, a. Salted, pickled. 

Mata, s. A war club. 

Mata, s. The face; countenance; 
eyes; appearance; edge; boun- 
dary; mesh. 

Mata, a. Raw, uncooked; the 
best state of the cocoa nut for 

Mataaeva, s. A fish. 

Mataaki, v. To be plucked up. 

Mataali, s. Nuts that fall ere 
they are old. 

I Mataata, a. Disinterested ; with- 

\ out \\e\v lo xecotK^feTv%e» 



Matai^ s. A fish ; a clever one ; 

the best one ; a single one. 
Matai, «• Clever. 
Mataiika, s. A kind of boil. 
Mataiuha, s. A spot or drop of 

Mataifale, v* To see and know 

all within. 
Mataihuhu^ s. The nipple, tug. 
Mataila, a. Callous, iiardened, 

obdurate, obstinate. 
Mataila, s. Obstinacy, obduracy. 
Matailagi, s. The horizon; the 

appearance of the sky. 
Mataimatu, s. The fire fly. 
Mataimoho, s. A shrub. 
Macaitofe, s. The pearl. 
Mataele, s. A fish. 
Ma'taotao, v. To be pressed or 

kept down by a weight. 
Matau, s. A fish hook. 
Matau, a. Dexterous in throwing; 

to the right. 
Matau, s» The right ; starboard. 
Mataui, V. To keep the eye 

upon any object. 
Mataba, s. A door ; gate ; stile ; 

an opening ; an entrance. 
Mataba-jioata, s. A window. 
Matabogi, a. TwinkUng; par- 
tially closed (the eyes.) 
Mataboko, a. Sunk ; deep in 

the head (the eyes.) 
Matabolobolo, s. A shell fish. 
Mataboto, a. Sharp; quick 

Matabula, s. The name of a 

Matabule, s. A petty chief. 
Matafo, V. To be cut; to be 

Matafao, s. The holes made for 

the kafa in building. 
Matafaga, s. The sea beach 

opposite any dwelling. 
Matafaha, s. The standing place 

of individuals in driving fish 

into the net. 
^atafajj, s. The exact place 

where a stick or limb is cracked 

or broken. 
Matafano, a. Loose; not close 

and hard in texture. 
Matafatu, a. Hard ; not easily 

made to cry. 

MateLfi,} "• Swept, clean. 

Matafui, s, A shrub. 

Mataga, s. A regiment ; a body 

of men standing. 
Mataga, s. An observatpry; a 

place from whence objects may 

be best viewed. 
Mataga, ) v. To be peeled 
Matagataga,/ or excoriated. 
Matagaki, a. Open. 
Matagi, s. The wind. 
Matagia, j v. To be favoured 
Matagiia,/ with a fair wind. 
Matagimalie, s, A wind to go 

and come. 
Matahaa, s. Red inflamed eyes» 
Matahafu, s. Sore eyes. 
Matahekeheka, s. A shell fish. . 
Matahele, s. The name of a 

shell fish. 
Matahema, s. The upper mark 

of the tattooing on the left side» 
Matahilaaho, a, Unobserving 

though close at hand. 
Matahoa, v. To be ashamed, as 

one badly dressed at a feast 
Matahua, a. Comely, beautiful. 
Matahuakuku, s. Sore eyes. 
MatajiU, s. The germ or sprout 

of the old nut. 
Mataka, '\ a. Peeled off*, ex- 
Matakataka, / coriated. 
Matakakamo, s. The choice, 

the best. 
Mataki, s. A traitor, a betrayer, 

a spy. 
Mataki, v. To spy. 
Mataki, ^ a. Well spread 
Matakitaki,/ out; stretched. 
Matakubega, s. The instrument 

used in the meshes in makva^ 




Matala, a. Open, expanded, as 
a flower ; free from restraint ; 
ready, applied to the mind. 

Matala, v. To burst away; to 
get free. 

Matalai, s. Sore eyes ; a blossom 

. or flower. 

Matalafi, s. Small wedges used 
in tightening the kafa. 

Matalaga, s. The spot where 
the earth is raised for digging 
and setting the yams. 

Matalala, a. Like a deserted 

Matalava, s. A kind of boil. 

Matalavea, a. Literally, know- 
ing with the eyes, but invaria- 
bly used ironically of one who 
is irreverent and ill behaved, 
who acts as if he knew no one. 

Matalea, s. A kind of Ji ; sore 

Mataliki, s. A constellation of 

Mataliki, v. To appear in sight, 
used of many. 

Matalili, s. Anger. 

Matalili, v. To exhibit anger. 

Matama, s. Shame, shame faced- 
ness, modesty. 

Matama, a. Shamefaced, modest. 

Matamau, a. Fixed; tearless, ap- 
plied to the eyes. 

Matamata, s. A shell fish; the 
appearance or resemblance. 

Matamata, v. To seem, to re- 

Matamata, a. New, applied to 
a canoe. 

Matamataga, s, A cause assigned 
for not inflicting punishment. 

Matamatakubega, s. The cobweb. 

Matamatakubega, a. Membrane- 
ous, resembling cobwebs. 

Matamatamanu, s. The flower 
and seeds of the grass called 

P" Mujie. 

Matamea^ s. A Bsb. 
Matani, s. One kind of the Ji. 


Mataniji, ) t> i - 
myr . A/ ... \ a. Proud, vain. 
Matanmnij],) ' 

Matanikolo, s. The gates or 

entrances into a fort. 
Matata, s. The mark or impres- 
sion from a blow. 
Matata, s. The sound as of 

something being torn asund^. 
Matata, r. To be inclined or 

disposed to. 
Matata, a. Clear ; free from 

filth; fixed, determined. 
Matatau, s. A straight or sure 

Matatafa, s, A cut; a surgical 

Matatagi, a. Fretful ; often cry- 
Matfitahi, s. Shore, beach. 
Matateteka, s. A fish. 
Matateve, s. A shell fish. 
Matavai, s. A spring, a fountain. 
Matavalea, a. Dull of sight; 

not sharp in looking out. 
Mate, 5. Death ; the dead ; 

Mate, t?. To die ; to upset ; to 

turn over, as a canoe. 
Mate, a. Dead, deadly, extinct, 

Matea, a. Deadly, mortal, capital. 
Matea, v. To guess. 
Mateaga,'k s. The place or 
Matega, / cause of one's death. 
Matei, s. Funnel. 
Matei, s. A small straight stick 

used in catching fish. 
Matebu, v. To bulge out; to 

Mategu, a. Palatable ; agreeable 

to the taste. 
Mateke, a. Bulged ; pushed out ; 

Matele, \ v. To glide along; 
Mateletele,i ' to cut through, as 

in the water. 
Matemate, a. Comparatively 

smooth (the sea;) becoming 
\ smoolYi. 


Hatemate, a. Perfect, complete, 

fixed, seltled. 
Mateniiitetaha, p. To die one 

al^r another; to follow in 

Hatemutukia, t>. To die in the 

prime of life, 
Malo, s. The edge or boundary 

of a high perpendicular rock. 
Matoo, a. Open. 
Hatiio, V. To disunite; to fall 

Matofa, a. Marked out ; beaten, 
! as a path. 



Matohi, i a.Marked,acratch- 
Matohitohi,/ ed, shreded. 
MatDJ), \ a. Pecked; bit in 
Matojitoji, f holes; snipped. 
Matoli, \ V. To break ; to 
Matohtoli,/ fall in pieces; 

to be broken ; to be chipped. 
Matolo, \ a. Scraped, scratch- 
Matolotolo.i' ed. 
Matolu, a. Thickness; a shrub. 
Matolu, 1 rui- I 
M.tolutol»,} "■ T'""''- 
Hatu, t. The name of a fish. 
Matu, 1 V. To be poured out ; 
Mfltua,/ to be shaken off. ' 
Matua, s. Parents ; old people, 
Matua, s. A play with the hands. 
Hatua, V. To frequent. 
Matuaki, Ofj. Very; superlatively, 
Matuo, \ V. To pull by a 
Matuotuo,/ sudden jerk, as a 

fish at the hook or in the net ; 

to be pulled. 
Matuotuo, a, Bipe, mature. 
Matuu, V. To stop ; to cease to 

flow ; to be cut. 
Matuu, a. Dry. 

Matuutamaki, a. Mildewed; rot- 
ten from being wet. 
Matuutuu, a. Cut and lacerated 

in different directions. 
Matuutuumalie, a. Seasonable, 

suicable, becoming. 


Matuutuutainaki, a. Unseason- 
able, unsuitable. 
Matugaki, v. To bend or yield 

to a superior force. 
Matuke, > a. Shrivelled, 
Mutuketuke,/ wrinkled. 
Matuku, \ V. To subside; 
Matukutuku,/ toaink; togrow 

Matula, t. A fish. 
Matulafulafu, t. A fish. 
Matule, V. To recline; to lie; 

to Itend. 
Matuvelo, s. A fish. 
Mavae, v. To be weaned. 
Mavae, c. To separate; toleare 

each other. 
Mavae, a. Separation, divorce. 
Mavaeoluga, u. To decide by 

Mavaevae, e. To be separated ; 

to be in divisions. 
Mavahe, \ ». To be divided ; 
Mavahevahe,/ to be separated 

into portions. 
ftlavava, .(. A general shout ; 

Mavava, o. Toihout. 
Maveu, i a. Confusion, di«- 
Maveuveu,/ order, commotion. 
Maveu, i a. Confused; jum- 
Maveuveu,/ bled together ; 

without order. 
Mavivi, v. To accomplish; to 

Meaa, a. Good, clean, generally 

used ironically of what is 

Mea, V. To do; to look; to 

attend to. 
Mea, a. Things in genera! ; 

matters ; property ; affairs. 
Meai, i;. To know; to be ac- 
quainted with. 
Meai, a. A fish. 
Meaiaka, s. A fish. 
Meaiule, s. A fish. 
Meiiituoua, s. A&aVv. 
Meau, s. \ &*V. 



Meavale, s. The poor ; populace. 
Mee, s, A dance; a feast at 

which there is dancing. 
Mee, V, To dance ; to rejoice. 
Meemeavale, a. Poor; like the 

Meemee, v. To dance ; to try 

to dance. 
Meemee, a. Glad, joyful. 
. Mei, s. The bread fruit and its 

Mei, prep. From. 
Meigutuveka, s, A fish. 
Meihe, v. Hush, be still (to a 

Meimei, ad. Nearly, almost. 
Meitauajila, s, A fish. 
Meite, See Meihe. 

fur^^' } V. To look displeased. 

Meheka, s. Envy. 
Meheka, a. Envious, jealous. 
Meheka, r. To envy, to grudge. 
Mehekitaga, s. An aunt. 
Mehigo, A shell fish. 
Mejimaji, a. Neither green nor 

dry ; partially dry. 
Mele, s. A defect, a blemish. 
Mele, \ t?. To feign a cough; 
Melemele, I to cough lightly. 
Melefo, s. A fish. 
Meleketu, \ v. To limp, to 
Melemeleketu, i hop. 
Melemo, v. To be drowned. 
Melie, s. Sweetness. 
Melie, «. Sweet, delicious. 
Melino, s. Peace ; freedom from 

war. • 

Melino, a. Peaceable. 
Melinoaga, s. The origin or the 

cause of peace. 

MelomeloJ «• ^'•''^"' "P"* 
Memea, s. A fish. 
Menega, s. A fish, 
Menumenu, s. A trifle ; a light 
insignificant thing. 
Jf/o/, s, *A in/srepresentation; 
contortion; falsehood. 

Mioi, r. To misrepresent ; to 

equivocate ; to contort ; to 

Mioia, V. To be twisted ; to be 

Miomioaki, v. To twist and 

turn ; to go in a serpentine 

Migao, £^. Ashamed, bashful. 
Migi, ) a. Wooly; thick; 
Migimigi,/ mixed; twisted. 
Mina, > a. Dry; hard in 
Mihemiha,/ the sun. 
Mihi, \ V. To sob; to draw 
Mihimihi,/ up into the nostrils. 
Miji, s. A bird; a dream. 
Miji, V. To dream; to chirp. 
Mijikia, v. To be sucked or 

drawn into ; to bfe engulphed. 
Mijimiji, v. To make a chirping 

noise with the mouth. 
Milemila, s. A small thin stick 

or twig used as a comb. 
Milihi, ^ V. To handle; to 
Milimilihi, / turn about in the 

Mill, \ V. To rub; to em- 
Miliroili, i brocate. 
Milimili, s. An embrocation ; the 

act of rubbing. 
Milimilina, a. Poorly; lightly 

Milimilina, s. A light or trifling 

Milo, s. The name of a tree. 
Miloha, V. To saunter and idle 

to and fro. 
Milohi, 1 V. To twist ; 
Milomilohi,/ wrench off. 
Milolua, s. One method 

straining out the kava. 
Mimi, s. Urine. 
Mimi, V. To make water. 
Mimio, f . To twist ; to contort. 
Mimio, s. Dissembling. 
Mimiji, v. To suck ; to draw 

Mo, con. And. 
Mo, pron, ^ou^^dcoiATiXMc^x.^ 





Moy prep. With, besides. 
Moy 9. A short and fat kind of pig. 
Moa, 9. The domestic fowl. 
Hoa, a. Drvy dried. 
Moauli, 9. A bawd. 
Moauli, r. To bawd. 
Moafefine,^. Ahen; a female fowl. 
Moala, 9. One kind of yam. 
Moana, «• The deep sea, ocean. 
Moataane, 9. The male fowl, the 

MoanahauhaUyW. The deep; the 
Moanavavale, f sea far from 

Moeaki, r. To sleep at a place 

expecting to do some work on 

the morrow. 
Moei, I V. To trample; to 
Moemaia,/ tread upon. 
Moegalo, 9. A shrub. 
Moejila, ad. Near at hand. 
Moemoe, v. To feel for with the 

Moemoei, v* To touch the soles 

of a chiefs feet as a mark of 

Moemoebo, v. To assassinate; 

to murder by the sly, as one 

Moemoegamalie, ^ r. To be ready ; 
Moemoegatonu, / to be pre- 
pared for. 
Moemoegatamaki, v. To be un- 
prepared; to want preparation. 
Moi, ^ V. To accompany a 
Moimoi, > short distance; to 
Moimoii, ^ see another off; to 

Moifi, 9. A buzzing, as wind 

caused by something in quick 

Moifua, r. To take or bring, 

go or come, altogether. 
Moihu, 9. A priest ; a meditator; 

one who offers sacrifice. 
Moihula, 9. A present. 
Moo, prep. For. 
Moou, For thee. 
Maojiba, s. A shrub. 


Moomao, 9. A fish. 

Mooni, 9. Truth, reality, fact. 

Mooni, a. True, real. 

Mooni, ad. Truly, verily, really. 

Moonia, 9. A tree. 

Moota, 9. A tree. 

Mou, pron. You. 

Mou, a. Heavy laden, as a 

Moua, a. Very busy; entangled; 

MovLB^pron. Your (dual number.) 
Moui, 9. Life. 
Moui, a. Alive. 
Moui, V. To live. 
Mouiaga, 9. The source of life. 
Mouifa, 9. A tree or log that 
■ burns for a long time. 
Mouimomanava, a. Precarious, 

uncertain, as one often poorly. 
Mouga, 9. A mountain. 
Mouga, a. Mountainous. 
Mougia, V. To be sheltered or 

hid by another. 
Moulaloa, 9. Subjection. 
Moulaloa, v. To be subjugated; 

to be governed. 
Moulu, V. To bore; to push 

under; to work away under- 
Moumau, a. Fast; not moveable, 

as stains. 
Moumoua, a. Rich, wealthy. 
Moumoui, a. Recovering; getting 

better. • 

Mounu, 9. A bait. 
Mounufakalele, 9. A bird tied 

by the leg and set to fiy to 

entice others. 
Mounufujifuji, 9. Similar to the 

above, but not allowed to fly. 
Mousaa, a. Afflicted with many 

Mofi, 9. Fever. 
Mofi, V. To astonish ; to cause 

Mofi, a. Feverish. 
Mofia, a. Burnt, scorched* 

Mofijl, 9. TYv« «\lTV\SCQ« 



Mofiji, \ 17. To shoot as sparks; 
MofijifijijJ to get unexpectedly; 
to exhibit bad feelings upon 
being reproved. 
Mofimofi, a. Rather feverish. 
Mofuike^ s. Earthquake. 
Mofuta \ V. To assume a 
Mofutofu ta, J proud and daring 

Moga^ s. The throaty gorge, 

Mogea, a. Satisfied, satiated. 
Mogomoga, s. The cockroach, 

Moguniagu, s. A scab. 
Mohe, s. Sleep. 
M ohe, V. To sleep ; to congeal ; 

to concrete by cold. 
Mohea, v. To be slipt in ; to be 
frequented, as a place by fish. 
Moheaho, s. The name of a fish. 
Moheaga,^ s. A bed; a sleep- 
Mohega, ) ing place. 
Mohenji, v. To keep in motion 

when asleep, 
Mohega, i?. To cohabit. 
Mohemohe, s. The name of a 

Mohi, f . The name of a fish ; 

also, a shell fish. 
Moho, s. The name of a bird. 
Moho, a. Cooked ; ready to be 

eaten; rotten. 
Mohoota, a. Cooked, but not 

well dressed. 
Mohobala, a. Cooked to rotten- 
Mohogia, a. Scorched, cooked. 
Mohokoi, s. The name of a tree. 
Mohomoho, s. The ends and 
pieces of yams prepared for 
sets which prove to be rotten. 
Mohu, a. Plentiful, abundant. 
Mohuku, s. Grass. . 
Mohumea, | a. Plentiful; 

Mohumohumea,/ abundant; in 

quick succession. 
Mohumohu, v. To happen fre- 
quently or in succession. 

Moji, V. To do now and again., 

Moji, ^ V. To chirp as the 

Mojimoji, i veha; to drop as 

Mojimoji, s. A light shower. 

Mojikaka, s. A particular kind 
of basket. 

Moka, a. Bent; not tight and 

Moka, \ a. Light; clear in 

MokomoLa, i the skin. 

Mokau, a. Conquered, subdued. 

Mokimokii,'a. Very small; di- 

Moko, V. To fasten the thatch 
to certain nuts. 

Moko, s. A kind of lizard. 

Mokoa, r. Wait awhile; hold 

Mokoii,} ^- Cold ; very cold. 
Mokobuna, s. A grand child. 
Mokofiji, V. To writhe ; to twist 

and kick about. 
Mokofute, s. The sticks of the 

Hiaboy when stripped of its 

Mokohula, s. A small black 

biting hisect. 
Mokohunu, s. A shell fish. 
Mokojia, a. Cold. 
Mokojia, s. Coldness, frigidity. 
Mokolooa, t7. To s;tretch out 

the neck ; to look towards. 
Mokomoka, a. Brpwn in the 

skill ; neither light nor dark. 
Mokomoko, a. Cool. 
Mokomoko, s. Coldness. 
Mokomokoaho, s. The cold about 

day break. 
Mokomokotuaniu, s. An insect 

found in the nut leaves. 
Mokotola, s. The name of a shell 

Mokulu, -I t?. To fall, as 
Mokulukulu,/ tears ; to run 

out ; to fall to pieces. 
Mola, a. Without meaning ; 
^ w'llViouV. caw^e or reason. 



Mole, a. Lost ; oat of sight ; 
taken; gone. 

MolSnole,} ''' S"'^"*^' *^*"- 

Moleagao ^« The place or cause 

Molega, f of being lost. 

Molekamoe, s. lUind man's buff. 

Molemole, s. Evenness, smooth- 

Molemolegainalie, r. To be quite 
finished or exhausted ; all 

Moll) s. The shaddock ; the 

Moli, V. To move ; to progress 
or regress. 

Moliuku, s* One kind of the 

Molimoli, v* To cut off'; to cut 
into small pieces. 

Molimolituu, v. To stand rest- 
less to be gone. 

M0I0U5 ^* The name of a fish. 

Molokau, s. The centipede. 

Molomolo, \ "-To tread; to 

Molomoloki./ stamp upon. 

Molomolomuivae, r. To tread 
upon the heels ; to trip up. 

Molu, s. Soilness. 

Molu^ a. Soft, yielding. 

Molumalu, a. Genteel ; chief- 
like in appearance. 

Molumalufakafono, a. Chief-like 
in appearance but governed. 

MolUmolu,} «• B«<=o°»»« soft- 

Momea, s. A shrub. 

Momi, r. To beg; frequently to 

make known wants. 
Momi, a. Indented ; fallen in, as 

the mouth without teeth. 
Mbmiki, v. To break up. 
Memo, s. Crumbs. 
Moma, a. Broken up, crumbled. 
Momoa, s. Dryness; the name 

of a fish. 
Momoa, a. Dry. 
^omoa, p. To become dry. 


Momoi, r. To return a present 
or a portion divided out; to 
twist the article with which 
ropes are made. 

Momoi, a. Small, insignificant. 

Momoi, V. To take ; to present 
an offering or sacrifice ; to re- 
turn, to give back. 

Momoiki, a. Small pieces. 

Momou, r. To shrink back; to 
recoil ; to turn away. 

Momofi, s. Heat from fire. 

Momohe, v. To cohabit. 

Momoho, o. Ripe; brown in 
colour; ready to burst. 

Momoji, V. To rub, grind to 

Momoke, s. Confusion, uproar; 
a ding; clatter and noise. 

Momoko, a. Cold. 

Momole, a. Smooth on the sur- 

Momoli, r. To cut from; to 
break off. 

Momomomo, a. Broken ; dashed 
to pieces. 

Momoto, t?. To strike with the 

Momotu, a. Drawn; contracted 
in different places. 

Mona, V, To do, to dispose or 
arrange orderly. 

Monimonu,^ a. Prosperous, bless- 

Monitonu, ) ed. 

Mono, V. To squeeze ; to press 
in ; to fill. 

Mono, *. The article used in 
filling up the lashing holes of 
a canoe. 

Monoi, s. A side blow with the 

Monoi, «?. To take the first 
chance ; to wish to be first ; to 
strike with the fist. * 

Monoji, V. To cork ; to play. 

Monojivai, s. One kind 01 the Ifi. 

Monomono, s, A tree; a patch. 

Monomono, ^ r. To ^atcK^ to 

Monomoiioj\^\ icvewii* 



Moimia,} '• A blessing, felicity. 

Monuia, a. Blessed, happy, fe- 

Monuka, s. A wound. 

Monuka, ^ a. Wounded; 

Monumonuka, i cut ; moth eaten, 
applied to sacred things and 
chiefs ; rotten ; decomposed. 

Moto, s. Bud, huds. 

Motoiakau,} ""' ^^ ^"^• 

Motou, s. A tree. 

Motohiko, s. A heavy blow with 

the fist. 
Motohiko, V. To strike another 

with the fist. 
Motolu, s. The name of a fish. 
Motomoto, a. The cocoa nut 

when strong through age, and 

unpleasant drinking. 
Mototo^ s. A fish. 
Motu, s. An island; one kind 

of banana. 
Motu, a. Broken; snapt asunder. 
Motua, s. An old man ; a mar- 
ried man. 
Motua, a. Old; ripe; fit to eat. 
Motualea, s. Alphabet. 
Motui, a. Old and torn. 
Motuu, a. Old, applied to the 

nut only. 
Motuu, s. Native cloth presented 

to voyagers on their arrival. 
Motuu, V. To exchange a wet 

and dirty dress for a dry one. 
Motufau, a. Distant; out of 

Motuhi, V. To cut through ; to 

separate ; to break. 
Motuhia, v. To be loosed; to 

be broken away. 
Motukaenavei, r. To break away 

though bound ; to fail despite 

every means. 
Motukafa, v. To break away 

from restraint or confinement^ 
Motukv, s. A sea gull. 
Motulau, s, A Sab. 


Motuloutou, a. Broken short 

off; decisive. 
Motuloutou, f7. To break short; 

' to decide ; to settle a dispute 

by force of arms. 
Motumotu, s. A rag; a torn 

tattered dress. 
Motumotu, a. Ragged; torn in 

Movete, i i?. To be scattered ; 
Movetevete,i to fall to pieces; 

to be loose. 
Moveve, a. Credulous in re- 
ference to evil reports ; sus- 
Moveveveve, s. Smalt pieces; 

remnants of something krge. 
Mu, s. A kind of butterfly; a 

Mua, ad* Aforetime, formerly. 
Mua, prep. Before; further on- 
ward in place; in front of. 
Muagutu, ^. The lips; the part 

near the lips ; the beak of 

Muagututaha, r. To speak one 

and the same thing, apjplied 

to several. 
Muajino; a. Forward to present 

the body, but implying that 

the mind is left behind. 
Muaki, a. First. 
Muaki, s. The first; the first 

in a number of baskets <^ 

Muaki, V. To precede ; to take 

the precedence. 
Muanima, s. The ends of the 

Muavae, s. The toes and fore 

part of the feet. 
Muabaka, s. A present taken 

by the party presenting. 
Mui, s. the tails of birds; the 

end ; the hind part. 
Mui, a. Unripe, immature ; last, 

Muia, V. To pursue, to chase, 

to {o\\oN«, 



Muiakiy «• The last ; the latest; 

the youngest. 
Mttifonuai 9. A point of land, a 

Muiga, 8^ The corner or end of 

a net or basket. 
MuikUy s* One kind of Tonga 

Muimui, a. Unripe, soft. 
MuioMii, «?• To follow. 
Muimomua, a. Neither first nor 
last ; neither this nor that but 
between the two. 
Muitau, «• A harlot, a whore. 
Muitaga, s» A part in the entrails 

of swine and large fish. 
Muitala, 9. Obedience. 
Muitala, v. To obey ; to follow 

Muitala, a. Obedient. . 
Muivae> ^. The heel. 
Muomua, r. To go before; to 

precede ; to lead. 
Muomuaki, See MuakL 
Mugaki, r. To warm or dry by 

tne fire. 
Mtthu, 1 V. To speak -quiet- 

Muhuknuhu, / ly together. 
Muhu, «. The sound as of 

persons talking together. 
Mujiakovi, v. To take as a wife 

a young growing girl. 
Mujie, 9. One kind of grass. 
Muka> 9. The young leaves of 
the nut and other trees ; the 
name of a whitish hard stone. 
Muka, 1 V. To put forth 

Mukomuka, / leaves ; to spring, 

to grow. 
Mukaia, a. Abounding m buds 
or yoiuig leaves. 

Simula,} . "• ^<'^' """P*- 

Mula, 8. The bottom part of an 

unripe yam; the name of a 

shell fish. 
Mull, s. A foreigner, a stranger. 
Muli, s. See Muiga. 
Mulione, 9. A shell fish. 
Mulimalo, 9. An ornament; a 

set off; a plume of feathers. 
Mulu, 1 V. To work slightly or 
Mului, / carelessly; to wear the 

dress in an indecent manner; 

to draw along as a curtain. 
Mulumulu, 1 17. To rub or peel 
Mulumului,/ off. 
M umu, V, To warm by a fire. 
Mumu, V, To collect together. 
Mumu, 9. One kind of the TcUo^ 
Mumui, v» To imitate, to follow. 
Mumuhu, 9. The roar of the 

sea or wind. 
Mumutau, t?. To meet and 

quarrel or fight, as waves meet 

and dash against each other. 
Muna, 9. To talk nonsense ; to 

act as one insane. 
Muna, s. The sayings and doings 

of one foolish. 
Munoa, v. To be unacquainted 

with what is going on. 
Munomuna, «. One kind of 

Munua, s. The name of a fish. 
Mutu, 9. To tear across the 

Mutu, 9. The name of a sharp 

shell used in cutting the Feta- 

Mutumutu, V. To prepare the 

Fetaaki to make native cloth. 
Mutumutu, «• The name of a 

Mutuki, 17. To break; to tear 

with the hands. 



THE fourteenth Letter 
J in the Tonga Alphabet. 

Its sound 

is that of nah in 


Na, pron. They, their, 

Na, a. KesipecXSviX* 




Na, s. Fear, respect. 

Naa, A sign of the past tense. 

Naa, con. Lest. 

Naa, r. Hush! be still! used 
to children. 

Naa, s. Used of broken food 
brought from a distance for 

Nae, A sign of the past tense. 

Nai, ad. Perhaps. 

Nai, A term of endearment or 

Nai, r. To collect, to scrape to- 
gether, as broken food. 

Naijia, v. To do in season ; to 
strike while the iron is hot. 

Nainai, r. To attend to ; to be 
careful of; to exhort. 

Nainai, s. Exhortation. 

Nau, pron. They, their (plural.) 

Naunau, s. The materials for 
any work; ornaments, ac- 

Nautolu, pron. Them. 

Nabanabagamalie, a. Prepared, 
ready for. 

Nabanabagatamaki, a. Unpre- 

Nabe, s. One method of plait- 
ing kcifa, 

Nafa, s. A native drum. 

Nafui, V. To repeat ; to do again 
and again. 

Nafunafua, a. Limy ; scaly ; 
rough, as the skin not oiled. 

Nafaki, ^ v. To expect ; to 

Nanafaki,/ wait for. 

Nanafaki, s. Expectation, hope. 

Nahu, s. The name of a tree. 

Nahunahui, v. To take care 

Nflji, "I V. To be on the look 

Najinaji,/ out; to watch; to 
attend to. 

Namo, s. A bay enclosed with 
a reef. 

Namu, s. The musquito ; scent, 
Namv, p. To amelL 


Namua, a. Abounding in mus* 

Namuaa, \ a. Bad in smell ; dis- 

Namuku,/ agreeable odour. 

Namuhaha, t?. To smell of de- 

Nanamu, v. To smell. 

Nanamu, *• Odour, smell. 

Nanuga, *. The character; the 

Natu, r. To knead, to mix. 

Navalalo, r. To push off a 
canoe when . hanging in the 

Navei, i v. To bind, to 

Navenavei, / handcuff*. 

Navu, s, A preparation of lime 
for cleaning the head. 

Navu, V. To dress the head for 

Navunavua, a. Limy y whitish ; 
dirty, applied to the head. 

Ne, A sign of the past tense. 

Ne, pron. He, she, it. 

Neinei, No wonder ; no marvel. 

Neu, pron. I (always in the past 

Neufi, Si A fish. 

Nebi, I V. To tighten ; to 

Nebinebi, J straighten the dress. 

Nefu, s. A fish. 

Neka, v. To rejoice, to joy. 

Nekejia, v. To prompt, to in- 

Nekeneka, s. Joy, rejoicing, de-: 

Nekeneka, v. To rejoice; to ex- 
hibit signs of rejoicing. 

Nenefu, s. Twilight, dimness. 

Nenefu, a. Dim, dull, uncertain. 

Neneke, v. To rise ; to swell ; 
to bulge. 

Nenenu,! v. To stammer; to 

Nenu, / faulter in speech. 

Neveneve, s. The nest and 
young of the Kalevefeve. 

Niihi, a. Som^* 



Niu, a* Old, hard, as the skin 

of an old person. 
Nia, M. The cocoa nut tree and 

its fruit. 

Nifi, a. Ijittle, but generally 

used ironically. 
Nifo, s» A tooth, teeth, horn. 

Npniji,} '• ^''"'ty- 
^' I " Vain. 

*. Different 
kinds of the 
cocoa nut. 

jij "' 

Niko, \ a. Variegated; of 

Nikonikoi,/ divers colours and 

Nima, s. The hand. 
Nima, a. Five. 
Nimafua, 8. Thick or swollen 


Nimageau, a. Five hundred. 

Nimagofulu, a. Fifty, 

Nimakovi, J t • u.. is j 

Nimalami,! «' Light fingered. 

Nimaji, ^ v. To work quickly; 
Nimajia, > . to handle quick* 
Nimenima, ^ ly. 
^imameaay a. Clever, ingeni* 

Nimoitalafau, Not to be found 

yet there. 
Nini, t?. To rub the head with 

the finger ends. 
Ninifo, a. Large, full grown. 
NiDika, r. To make ado. 
Niniina, r. To work with both 

hands ; to work quickly. 
Ninimo, s. Giddiness, dizziness. 
Ninimo, a. Dizzy, giddy. 
Ninimo, «• To become dizzy or 

Noa, s. Dumbness. 
Noaji^a. Dumb, random^ trivial, 


worthless, undesigned, dis* 

N^^poe,} «• ^'^^^''»'' P^^^''^^- 
Noi, ) r. To limp ; to hobble 
Noinoi,J along. 
Noo, s. A belt, a waistband. 

Noonoo,} ^- To bind .together. 

Noona, s. Strangling. 
Nooua, V. To strangle. 
Nootagavala, s. The loins. 
Nootaki, v. To tie up, to fasten. 
Nou, 17. To tie together. 

N^unou,} «• Short, contracted. 

Nofatu, V. To use a girth round 
the stomach when pinched by 

Nofatu, a. Hungry. 

Nofo, «. To dwell; to abide; 
to sit. 

Nofoa, s. A seat. 

Nofoaga, s. A dwelling place; 
a habitation. 

Nofoi s. A shoal offish. 

Nofoi, V. To wait for on bended 
knees ; to catch between the 
knees when kneeling down; 
to sit upon ; to cover. 

Nofoia, V. To dwell with; to 

Nofoia, t?. To endanger the 
steer oar in tacking a canoe^ 

Nofu, s. The name of a fish. 

Noga, ^ a. Sheltered; not 

Nogonoga,/ exposed ; peace- 

Nogia, V. To borrow. 

Noko, s. The hip. 

Nokonoko, s. A l)read fruit. 

Nokonoko, a. Large in the hips. 

Noku, ^ V. To jerk; to pull 

Nokunoku,) suddenly; to try 
to break by suddenly jerking. 

Nomu, s. Food made for infants. 

Nono, s. An insect. 

Nono, V. To borrow. 

Nonoo, t. To %\tiL\ V.Q<\^>a:^* 


Nonofo, s. The state or circum- 
stances of persons living to- 

Nonofo, V. To dwell together. 

Nonu, s. A tree. 

Nota, r. To act differently on a 

Nue, s. A fish. 

Nuha, r; To extract a shot or 
piece of an arrow from the 

Nuji, s. A garland ; a wreath of 

Nuji, I V. To rub in I 
Nujinuji, f hands. 
Nukonuka, s. The name oi 

NunUi r. To assemble ; to gatl 

Nunua, s. Demerit, retributi( 
Nunutuu, See Bubutuu. 
Numj, \ V. To gather 
Numinumi,/ sewing; to pla 

to pucker ; to crease. 
Nunuji, «?. To be all on an uprc 

and tumult. 


STHE fifteenth Letter in 
^ the Tonga Alphabet. Its 
sound is that of s in sarcasm. 
Sa, s. An expression of disgust 
and disapproval. 

£,.'•> a. Good. 

Sao, a. Pleasing; agreeing with 

what is right and iust. 
Sauni, r. To reward. 
Sausau, a. Half-dressed; badly 

Sabi, s, A kick from the foot 

thrown behind. 
Sabi, V. To kick as above; to 

wry the mouth. 
Sago, s. A reproachful term for 

arms and legs. 
Saka, a. Good. 
Sakiki, s. The 6iti leaf stretched 

and sewn to a stick, used as a 

sun screen. 
Saia, s. A cope, a hood. 
Sala, V. To cope ; to wrap round 

the bead. 
Salulu, V. To be angry with one 

who is on the look out : 

Sani, I V. To be particu 
Sanisani, f about ; to decorai 

to pet. 
Sasuli, r. To talk vainly and 

Sec, ) p. To drive ; to frig 
Sesee, f away, as birds, &c. 

Seukeie,} *''''• I>earine! alas 
Sekisekia, r. To assume 8 

periority in tlie presence 

Sesele, a. Eccentric; odd; a 

proaching insanity. 
Sikisiki, s. A rope belonging 

a canoe. 
Soki, s. Spikes ; pointed stick 
Sokii, r. To place spikes to woui 

the feet. 
Sosaa, See Hohaa. 
Sove, 1 r. To beat ; to be 
Sovesove,/ to softness. 
Sovini, 1 r. To hiss ; to bu 
Sovinivini,/ ble up. 


31 THE sixteenth Letter in 
^ the Tonga. Alphabet. 
Its sound is that oft in tar. 

Ta, s. The circular end of a To 
ga house; a blow; a row of b 



Ta, r. To strike; to beat; to 

hew ; to tattoo. 
Taa, «. The name of a fish. 
Taau, s. The coalition of the 

water in the wake of a vessel. 
Taabaa, s. The blows of one 

Taaga, s. The cutting down of 

wood ; wood cut down ; a song. 
Taaga, r. To cut wood for me- 
chanical purposes ; to sing, to 

Taagi, v. To chant the ex- 
cellencies or defects of others, 
Taagalava, s. Any place that is 

free for the operation of all ; 

a place from which many are 

Taahine, s. A virgin, a maid. 
Taaki, i v. To eradicate ; to 
Taakii,/ tear up; to bring to 

light what was hid or forgotten. 
Taaki, s* Eradication ; the act 

of tearing up by the roots. 
TaakifuUy «?. To tear up root 

and branch; to eradicate. 
Taalo, V. To beckon at sea. 

Ta!loalo.} "• '^° ^"" ^"°'^"- 

Taalofaki, t?. To bathe and clean 
the head with clay, applied to 
the Tuitoga. 

Taane, s. The marriage of a 

Taane, v. To celebrate a marriage 

Taataa, s. Blood, applied to 

Tae, A deprivative particle, used 
to form compound words, like 
the English deprivative in un, 
less, &c. ; and is always prefixed 
to the word, as, taeofa — with- 
out love; taeaoga — useless. 

Tae, \ V. To reach ; to stretch 

Tatae,/ out the arm to any 

Tae, 5. A cough ; excrement ; 


Tae, r. To cough. 

'Taefaivae, a. Footless,; lame; 
not able to use the feet. 

Taefi, t?. To throw the arm back- 
wards and forwards. 

Taegolo, v. To cough with a 
ruttling hoarse sound. 

Taehaoota, v. To be destitute 
of one who will act the friend 
in all things. 

Taeleie I ^' Sediment, remains. 

Taemi, | «?, To caper and 
Taemiemi,/ jump along. 
Taemo, v. To exhibit the tongue 

in eating. 
Taemoa, s. One kind of the Ifi. 
Taene, «?. To work the fists or 

the club in challenge. 
Taeneleke, a. Free from re- 
straint; at liberty. 
Tai, s. A small dust bag. 
Tai, V. To powder, to dust. 
Tai, V. To strike, to beat. 
Tai, s. A round, a circular, a 

Taibaga, v. To fall ; to bruise ; 

to break. 
Taifiifi, o. Light, not weighty. • 
Taiga, -i a. Small, invariably 
Taitaiga,/ used ironically of 

something large. 
Taiki, v. To give it a salt taste; 

to remain immoveable. 
Taikiiki, a. Clear, lucid. 
Taili, I V. To fan ; to dread ; 
Tailiili,/ to fear. 

TaTT } ^' ^^^^^3 horror. 

Tailoilo, a. Very cold. 
Tailoilo, v. To feel the cold. 
Taimalie, a. Fortunate; just in 

Tainamu, s. A screen or curtain 

to keep off the musquitto. 
Taino, v. To work the fists as a 

challenge to box. 
Taiseni, s. The name of a bird. 
Taitai, a. Huxvgt^ , \st^O«\^- 




Tao, s, A spear. 
Tao, V. To cook food in an oven; 
to bake ; to be baked. 

Taofi, s. A restraint, an ob- 
stacle, a hindrance. 

Taoii, r. To impede, to obstruct, 
to hinder ; to choose ; to re- 
frain, to restrain; to challenge; 
to swiiif the arm in walking. 

Taofia, V. To be hindered or pre- 
vented ; to be selected ; to be 

Taokave, s. A superior kind of 

Taokete, s. An elder brother or 

Taomaga, s. A stick used in 
wringing out the oil of the 

- nut. 

Taomagamalie, a. Fortunate, well 

Taomaki s. A presage, prog- 

Taomi, ^ v. To crush; to lie 

Taomia,/ upon; to squeeze; 
to be covered. 

Taomifonua, s. One who keeps 
the people under; the wood pil- 
low of the Tuitoga and Tama- 

Taonatagata, s. The death of 
chiefs of rank. 

Taotao, s. Logs or sticks used 
for keeping gatu on the earth 
when spread out; any thing 
to make up a barter. 

Taotao, \ v. To bear upon ; 

Taotaomi,) to lie or press 
upon ; to cover with something 

Taotoka, t?. To keep down by 
a weight ; to sit upon the out- 
rigger in bad weather to keep 
It down. 

Taovao, s* One kind of the Kie. 

Taovala, s. The mat worn over 
the gatu. 

Taovala, v. To put on, to wear 
the mat over the gatu. 

Tau, s. A season; a crop; i* 

Tau, V. To arrive ; to fit ; to hit 

or strike against ; to 8quee25e 

or wring out. 
Tau, pron. We, us. 
Tau, s. War, fightinig, 
Tau, «7. To fight, to war. 
Tau, a. Immoveable, as a stain, 

Tau, a. Becoming, fit, proper, 

TaiTa, V. To build two canoes 

at the same time. 
Tauagaa, s. Old torn mats worn 

as a sign of mourning. 
Tauabe, v. To waver ; to stand 

undetermined whether to go 

on or return. 
Tauaalo, v. To paddle in a 

sailing canoe. 
Tauaalo, s. The song or chant 

in paddling or in doing any 

Tauage, Used generally in beg- 
ging importunately, by which 

the person addressed considers 

his love to the person begging 

put to the test. 
Tauagea, r. To wish or desire 

Tauaki, s. The state of one near 

death ; the food which such 

an one still takes. 
Tauaki, v. To dry in the sun ; 

to be alike or equal on both 

Tauala, v. To feel in different 

directions with the hand; to 

luff; to bring the vessel to the 

Tauala, a. Used of a canoe that 

sails close to the wind. 
Tauama, s^ A rope of a canoe. 
Tauataina, s. Liberty, freedom. 
Tauataina, a. Free, at liberty. 
Tauatevalu, v. To have many 

Tauene, u. To de^lte^ to long. 



Taueneuluboko, a. Uised of one 

who has borne many children. 
Tauiy ^. To fight; to war against ; 
» to surpass; to excel; to engen- 
Tauia, v. To criticise ; to remark 

upon ; to wring the juice from 

any thing. 
Tauia, «• A present or oflfering, 

only used when many make 

presents together. 
Tauifaivao v. To aim to out do 
Tauifeiva^i another in sports. 
Tauivi, v. To work with all his 

Tauoi, a. Restless; at work; 

on the move. 
Tauoko, V. To fasten the sail 

yard standing to the canoe. 
Tauoluga, s. A long timber in 

the upper part of a Tonga 

Tauomoomo, v. To place; to 

sit on the edge in jeopardy* 
Tauua, ^ «. A pair^ a couple, 
Tauuai,/ (nuts, &c.) 
Tauufi, V. To bring every man 

a yam. 
Tauuka, r. To fasten in a tem- 
porary way in building canoes. 
Tauukei, v. To challenge a 

stronger than oneself. 
Tauuta, a. High and dry (a canoe 

not sailable.) 
TauutOi r. To gather up a fish- 
ing net by the sticks called 

Taubau, t?. To keep in view; 

to markwith the eyeinchasing ; 

to cleave to old things. 
Taube, v. To hang upon; to 

bear down. 
Taubi, V. To splash water; to 

throw dirt, as from a spade. 
Taubibito, v. To fill; to take 

or bring well filled. 
Taubiki, \ «?. To take hold 
Tautaubiki,) of; to feel the 

way as one blind. 

Taubiko, v. To go and come ; to 

run to and fro. 
Taubo, 1 f?. To grope; to 
Tautaubo,/ feel the way. 
Tauboa, v. To scent the water 

with fish to catch others. 
Tauboou, s. A virgin. 
Taubobo, a. High and dry ; laid 

up, as a canoe out of repair. 
Tauboboaki, v. To send mes* 

sages in succession. 
Taubola, v. To thatch in a 

temporary way with the bola. 
Taubota, v. To hoist a signal. 
Taubotu, s. The extreme each 

way; the first; the last; the 

nearest and farthest. 
Taubuga, i. The stone with 

which any creature is sunk in 

the water. 
Taubugai, v. To fabten a heavy 

weight for the purpose of 

sinking any creature. 
Taufa, s. A squall. 
Taufa, a. Squally. 
Taufa, V. To smell any thing 

brought by the wind; to be 

carried by the wind. 
Taufa, 'I V. To grope ; to feel 
Tau taufa, / after with the hand . 
Taufaao, s. A scufSe. 
Taufaao, v. To scu£9e. 
Taufaala, v. To search out ; to 

trace up. 
Taufaia, v. Squally; overtaken 

with a squall. 
Taufaoo, v. To stoop in walking; 

to bend forward. 
Taufau, i v. To mend a sail ; 
Taufaui,/ to fasten; to tie; to 

look after ; to attend to. 
Taufakamau, a. Full up to high 

tide mark. 
Taufale, s. A hand broom; a 

besom ; banana ripened in the 

Taufale, v. To sweep with the 

TaufehVaj s. WaVt^^^ ^M>aaYt^\v^'^« 



Taufehia, v. To hate, to abhor. 
Taufeji, \ v» Togo and come; 
Taufejiaki,/ to be here and 

there ; to run to and fro. 
Taufetuku, \ v. To carry ; 
Taufetukutuku, / to take or 

Taufoe, s. A rope belonging to 

the steer oar. 
Taufoe, v. To make fast the 

steer oar with the Taufoe. 
Taufonua, s. One of the place 

or land. 
Taufua, v. To wring out the 

simple j nice without the addition 

of water. 
Taufui, V. To besprinkle; to 

throw water or dust. 
Taufuji, V. To pull; to draw 

Tauga, s. Cooked food reserved 

for eating* at another time ; a 

row; a roost of the flying 

Taugalau, a. Out of reach, dis- 
Taugalea, v. To speak often of 

or about ; to speak to one as a 

Taugaloloa, a. Long, as rows 

of yams. 
Tauganonou, a. Short, as rows 

of yams. 
Taugatabu, s. The nut tree upon 

which the tabu or prohibition 

was hung. 
Taugatamaki, a. Unprovided ; 

short of certain essentials. 
Taugavaka, s. The anchorage 

of canoes. 
Tauhaaki, a. Full, as the tide. 
Tauheua, v. To turn aside, as 

one who intercedes. 
Taugatualega, «?. To dress with 

what is bad while in possession 

of good. 
Tauhele, s. A snare, a gin. 
Tauhe]e, v. To ensnare ; to en- 
' trap; to decoy. 


Tauhi, s. A nurse; aprotectott' 

steward, guardian; service. 
Tauhi, 1 V. To protect ; to 
Tauhii, ) provide for ; to keepi^ 

to serve ; to take food. 
Tauhihi, ^ t?. Similar to the 
Tauhihii,/ above but perhaps 

more expressive. 
Tauhia, r. To be served ; to be 

attended to. 
Tauhihi, v. To angle; to fish 

with hooks. 
Tauhiku, r. To finish off; to be 

Tauhikuhiku, v. To hang on the 

top branches, as fruit. 
Tauhila, v. To turn up the eyes; 

to look suspicious. 
Tauhili, v. To sit or stand upon any 

thing very high, as a mast 

Tauji, 17. To catch rain water 

by hanging out the Hohoni. 
Taujijikabu, s. A Jiji or leaf 

dress that surrounds the body, 

used of a chief that includes 

all authority within himself. 
Taukae, s. Scorn, contempt, 

abuse, reproach. 
Taukae, v. To scoff, contemn, 

to reproach, to flout. 
Taukaba, v. To flap the wings ; 

to strike the hands as one 

Taukabo, 'it?. To pull over hand, 
Taukaboi,/ as in pulling fish 

in the water. 
Taukajikaji, v. To speak con- 
Taukajikaji, s. Contempt, scorn. 
Taukakaba, a. Distant ; out of 

Taukalihi, s» A large bunch ; a 

bunch with very many fruit. 
Taukamo, v. To beckon with 

the hand. 
Taukatea, s. The name of a 

rope belonging to a canoe ; a 
1 part ot t\i^ cwvoe* 



T&ukava, s. The man who 

wrings out the kava. 
Taukava, v* To wring the Irava 
' into cups for drinking. 
Taukave, v. To persevere ; to 

worry on. 
Taukaye., s. A rope used in the 

Tauki, a. Loquacious, vain ; 

joyous, merry. 
Taukave kave, v. To inform by 

shouting from one another. 
Taukoka, ». To persevere in ; 

to maintain. 
Taula, s. An anchor* 
Taula, \ s. The name given 
Taulaeiki,/ to heathen priests. 
Taulaga, s. Anchorage, a har- 
Taulagi, r. To superintend; to 

give directions in any work. 
Taulaka, s. The step; the gait 

in walking. 
Taulaki, s. The washing off; 

a preparation put on the hair 

for cleaning it. 
Taulaki, v. To stay, to wait, 

applied to canoes at sea; to 

wash the head. 
Taulaki, v. To stay, to wait, 

applied to persons. 
Taulalo, v. To speak in behalf 

of; to intercede for ; to do the 

hardest or most menial of the 

Taulalo, s» The fruit of a tree 

nearest the ground. 
Taulalo, a. Near ; within reach. 
Taulama, v. To watch and keep 

down the outrigger of a canoe 

in bad weather. 
Taulamua, s. A name for heathen 

Taulani, r. To take in tow. 
Tauleleka, a. Beautiful, applied 

to several (males only.) 
Taulelu, v. To cause, to care 

Taulofu^ a. Full; up to the mark. 


Tauloto, V. To carry a load sus- 
pended, behind and before 
from a stick . across the 

Tauloto, s. The load or burden 
so carried. 

Taulu, V. To make fast the ropes 
in a canoe. 

Taumaa, s. The last straining 
of any preparation. 

Taumaia, v. To wish or desire 

Taumau, v. To remain station- 

Taumau, «?. To repeat; to say 
over and over again. 

Taumauga, v. To frequent; to 
be often at one place. 

Taumafa, v. To eat, applied to 
the Tuitoga, 

Taumafa, s. The food of great 

Taumafafonua, s. The last of 
several feasts and ceremonies. 

Taumagaga, v. To desire ear- 

Taumahua, a. Full to overflow- 

Taumaka, v. To fasten small 
stones on the edge of a fishing 

Taumakeke, | t?. To appear anx- 

Taumalaga, J ious to get away ; 
to be on the move. 

Taumalaga, v. To be too near 
the wind. 

Taumalie, a. Full. 

Taumama, a. Leaky ; no( fit to 

Taumamao, a. Deep, distant, 
afar off, 

Taumatau, v. To angle. 

Taumataki, v. To do because 
an individual is present. 

Taumounu, v. To bait; to en- 
tice by shewing favours. 

Taumoji, s, A light rain; a 

Taumotumolvx^ d. T^^ V.^'^^* Nsv 



rags ; to fight till one is broken 

or conquered. 
Taumua, s. The head or fore 

part of a vessel ; prow. 
Taumua, v. To be on aline with; 

to point ; to sail towards. 
Taumuliy s. The stem ; the hind 

part of a canoe or vessel; the 

person who sits behind in 

paddling canoes. 
Taumuliy v. To sit behind and 

steer paddling canoes'. 
Tauta, V. To touch ; to put out 

the hand to touch ; to angle 

for the Ta. 
Tautaa, s. Perspiration. 
Tautaa, v. To perspire. 
TautaUy v. To hang. 
TautaUy s, A heathen feast. 
Tautauafega, v. To yield; to 

come near. 
Tautauaga, s. Any thing or place 

where a thing is hung. 
Tautauamanu, s. A tree. 
Tautauamanu^ r. To hang from 

a rope in a canoe as a signal 

that land is in sight. 
Taufetogi, i «>. To relieve; 
Tautautietogi^i to do by turns. 
Tautaufetukuy f?. To go and 

come repeatedly with a load. 
Tautaukatefo^ v. To reserve 

food while some present are 

Tautaumoliliu, r. To go back- 
wards and forwards ; to run to 

and fro. 
Tautaba, s. The calling of one 

in imminent danger ; the first 

and largest in a bunch of ba- 
Tautaba, v. To beg ; to call upon 

when in trouble. 
Tautafa, v. To squeeze through 

an opening. 
Tautaha, a. One, single, alone. 
Tautahi, v. To be still in the 

water; to wash with or use 

t water regularly. 

Tautake, s. The lowest nut in 
a bunch. 

Tautala, i v. To inform an- 

Tautautala,/ other of oior de- 
signs in order to know his 

Tautalagaulij v. To converse and 
sail alon^y as two canoes ; to 
do quicKly without form and 

Tautata,. a. Near, not distant. 

Taute, 1 c. The result, the 

Tautei, / consequence. 

Tautei ^ *' P*^'^^®^"^®'^^* chas- 
Tautea,/ ti^ement. 
Taute, -x ». To punish; to 
Tautei, > correct ; to chastise ; 
Tautea, J to beat roughly. 
Tautefua, v. To hang singly, one 

and only one. 
Tauteka, v. To move Jn fear; 

to flinch ; to wear a kind of 

sandal on the soles of the 

Tautekovi, f?. To treat unkindly. 
Tautekovi, s. Inattention, un- 

Tautokai, r. To go; to hit against 

any thing projecting out as 

one blind. 
Tautoko, I V. To walk with 
Tautautoko,/ the help of a 

Tautolu, pron. Us. 
Tautotolo, V. To defer; to put 

off from time to time. 
Tautonu, v. To hit the precise 

place and time. 
Tautu, V. To sit. 
Tautua, i v. To strike the 
Tautua&ga,i back; to speak 

to no advantage, 
Tautuloba, a. Full, high, (the 

Tauvae, v. To gather nuts and 

fasten them to the hafaga on 

the feet. 
TauvaO) s. Aw ^ckxiQiH^ledg^ment 



for the loan of a patch of 

Tauvaka, s. One who goes in a 

borrowed canoe to look after 

Tauvele, s. Temptation. 
Tauvele, v. To tempt. 
Taba, s. The border of the native 

cloth ; the border or edge of 

any thing ; a reserve in war. 
Taba, v. To glitter in the sun. 
Tababa, p. To beat a drum. 
Tababaku^ a. Well baked, crimp, 

Tabafua, v. To call upon, to 

Tabafuaia, r. To call upon by 

Tabahu, v. To do ; to be doing. 
Tabaji, v. To strike or clap the 

hands together. 
Tabakau, s. The coarse mats 

for flooring. 
Tabaki, i v. To pluck; to 
Tabakia, ) break off. 
Tabala, a. Blotched; not clear 

and distinct. 
Tabale, s. A game or play in 

the water. 
Tabale, ) t?. To break up; to 
Tabalea,/ destroy; to strike 

from every side. 
Tabamanava, v. To eat ; to sup- 
port by eating. 
Tabanu, v. To do ; to be doing. 
Tabataba, s. A crab fish. 
Tabataba, v. To glitter ; to shine. 
Tabeva, *. A sprain. 
Tabeva, v. To sprain, to twist. 
Tabi, V. To wipe across. 
Tabi, ^ r. To dash along ; to 
Tabibi, ) send the spray flying. 
Tabigaafeituukau,! r. To boast; 
Tabigaifeituukau, / to maintain 

the right in a matter not yet 

Tabigaamama, a. Worldly ; like 

the world. 
Tabili. s. Bellows, a fan. 


Tabili, 9. To blow ; to fan the 

Tabo, s. A certain kind of fish- 
ing net. 

Tabo, V. To fish with the above. 

Tabou, 9. To exhort; to put 
upon guard. 

Tabotu, a. Short. 

Tabotu, V. To work as a short 
vessel in a rough sea. 

Tabu, s» Prohibition, embargo; 
the sign of prohibition. 

Tabu, a. Forbidden, consecrated, 

Tabua, *. A term of reverence 
to a chief when speaking mean- 
ing of himself 

Tabua, s. The mouth or open- 
ing of a cage or fowl net. 

Tabuaki, v. To bless ; to inter- 
cede for. 

Tabuaki, s, A blessing ; the act 
of blessing. 

Tabuani, s. The name of one 
kind of yam. 

Tabuekina, a. Blessed. 

Tabuekina, f?. To bless. 

Tabula,} ^- To prohibit. 

Tabuofe, v. To bend under aload. 
Tabubu, a. Rapid, ceaseless. 
Tabubu, «?. To keep up ; to flow 

in a rapid succession. 
Tabuha, v. To be hallowed ; to 

be consecrated. 
Tabukitea, s. A planet, the 

evening star. 
Tabuku, ) a. Short, stumpy, 

Tabukubuku, ( thick set. 
Tabulu, s. Oneway of tattooing. 
Tabuni, s. A lid. 
Tabuni, v. To shut ; to embar ; 

to stop up. 
Tabuta, s. Pools of water in 

rocks, &c. 
Tabutabui, v. To prohibit. 
Tabutano, s. An article from a 

burying ground used a^ aa\^ 



Tafa, s. A gash ; an open wound 

made by something sharp ; the 

act of cutting up. 
Tafa, ) V. To cut, to carve, to 
Tafai,i gash. 

Tafaaga, s. The fishing canoe. 
Tafaaki, s. The side ; the right 

or left. 
Tafaakilagi, s. The horizon. 
Tafaga, \ o. Cleared; free 
Tafagafaga, r from trees 
Tafagafaga, s. A spot firee from 

trees, &c. 
Tafagaloa, a. Open, free, wilder- 

ness-hke ; without trees. 
Tafale, s. A canoe built out of 

an old one. 
Tafani, v. To widen; to join oh 

to increase its width. 
Tafano s. One kind of fishing 

Tafano, v. To fish with the above. 
Tafanogo, v. To strike native 

drums for the amusement of 

Tafatafai, v. To cut; to lance 

in several places. 
Tafataha, a. Independent; free 

of others. 
Tafatua, v. To swim in the surf 

with the hand on the back. 
Tafe, r. To run, to flow, to 

pour, to drop. 
Tafea, v. To be carried away by 

the stream. 
Tafeaga, s. A conduit; a drain; 

a channel for water. 
Tafejinoivai «. Unmixed, pure, 

Tafetafe, v. To run; to flow 

gently ; to drop. 
Tafi, V. To sweep; to clean 

with a besom. 
Tafia, V. To sweep off; to carry 

away with violence. 
Tafie, s. Small supporters in a 

TaShu, p. To look on one side ; 
to turn the face from. 

Tafihufihutamaki, v. To look 

from side to side in displeasure. 
Tafiji, t). To fillip; to strike 

with the finger toknow whether 

or not it is ripe, cooked, fully 

Tafllala, v. To be swept off. 
Tafili, 1 f>. To roll over ; to 
Tafilifili, / turn from side tci 

Tafiligatamaki, v. To roll or 

turn and hurt oneself. 
Tafitafi, V. To wash or wipe 

with any thing wet ; to clear 

Tafitoga, a. Cloudless, clear, 

applied to the sky. 
Tafoa, V. To break, to crack. 
Tafoe, V. To lufF; to bring near 

the wind. 
Tafofo, p. To sip; to swallow 

with greediness. 
Tafoki, -I *v. To turn over, 
Tafokifoki, f to turn round. 
Tafola, V. To be scattered ; to be 

strewed in different directions. 
Tafoli, V. To walk round ; to go 

the circumference of a place. 
Tafu, s. A hole, a burrow. 
Tafu, 1 V, To blow ; to fan 
Tafu tafu,/ up a fire. 
Tafua, s, A canoe made by 

hollowing out a single tree. 
Tafua, V. To strike a rolled up 

mat as a drum. 
Tafue, V. To blow strong and 

boisterous; to speak strong 

and angry words. 
Tafue, V. To skip with a cord. 
Tafuefue, v. To be the sport of 

the wind ; to be blown in every 


Tafuufuu,} ''■• To bulge out. 
Tafuua, v. To be astounded. 
Tafuua, s. Affright, terror. 
Tafuga, I *. A mound, a 
Tafugofuga,/ hillock, rising 


"Tafugofiiga^ a. High, hilly, un- 
Taiuli, "I V. To move round ; 
Taiuliiuli, ( to roll along. 
Tafiiiu, s. Anger ; noisy talk. 
TafiilUy 9. To speak angrily. 
Tafulufulutamaki, v. To exhibit 

signs of anger in the eyes. 
Tafuna, s, A pile of kava. 
Tafunakiy i v. To feed with 
Tafutafunaki, i fire wood; to 

Tafute, r. To be angry with* 
Taga, s. The large gut. 
Tagai, s. A narrow bag, a sack. 
Tagau, s, A fish ; flesh or fish 
that is eaten with vegetables. 
Tagaba, s. A small bladder 

found in fish and animals. 
Tagabula, s. A swelling. 
Tagafa, s. The name of a fish. 
Tagakaho, s. A quiver; the 

bamboo for holding arrows. 
Tagakakai, s. The crop, the 

Tagaki, v. To open, to lift up ; 

to regard ; to look towards. 
Tagamimi, s. The bladder. 
Tagata, s. Man. 
Tagataga, s. A cup made of the 
nut shell from which to drink 

Tagato, s. The name of a tree. 

Tagege, See Nifi, 

Tagi, s. A cry. 

Tagi, V. To cry, to weep. 

Tagifetuki, r. To cry and beat 

the face with the fists. 
Tagilaulau, s. A mourning, a 

Tagilaulau, v. To mourn, to 

Tagita, s. A lock of hair. 
Fagitautau, r. To cry and lay 

the blame on another ; to cry 

in the name of another. 
Tagita^i, s. Flowers partially 



open; the sound of the war 

Tagitagi, a. Stretched to the 

Tagitofuhia, s. The oozing of 

blood from the ears and nose 

caused by diving. 
Tagituvae, v. To cry and strike 

the foot against the earth. 
Tagivale, v. To wish or desire 

what is not in character or 

Tago, s. The visiting of females 

under cover of night. 
Tago, I r. To visit in the 
Tagofia,/ night; to go to a 

female in the dark. 
Tagotago, v. To find out the 

way in the night. 
Tagulu, s. A rattling in the 

throat ; a snoring. 
Tagulu, V. To snore. 
Tagutu, V. To sit. 
Tagutugutu, s. The stump or 

root of a tree above ground. 
Taha, a» Numeral one. 
Tahake, ) a i- •. 
Tahakehake,} *• Acclivity. 

Tahatahaana, s. A single one, 

but important. 
Tahehu, v. To prevaricate. 
Tahele, «?. To strike with rapidity 

the native drum.. 
Tahi, s. The sea ; the heart of 

Tahi, a. Red ; sound ; with little 

or no sap. 
Tahifi, V. To cut, to cut off. 
Tahifo, \ s. Descent, de- 
Tahifohifo, / clivity. 
Tahifo, \ o. Gradually de- 
Tahifohifo, / scending. 
Tahihina, a. Sound, but light 

in colour, as wood. 
Tahikia, a. Wet with sea water. 
Tahina, s. Native cloth. 
Tahuli, s. Shoots, suckers. 
Taji,^ I ^' Small ; not befittiu^v 



Tajiba^ v. To reel to and fro. 

Tajibi, r . To strike several times 
with the open hand. 

Tajifa, r. To shoot or glide 

Tajifi, #• The name of a fish. 

Tajika, See BcmJca. 

Tajili, ) V, To hold up lights 

Tajilijiliy / from diiTerent canoes 
at sea in the dark. 

Tajilo, 1 a. Clear, transparent, 

Tajilojilo, / limpid. 

Tajilo, 1 s. Clearness, lim- 

Tajilojilo, / pidness. 

Tajinoivai, a. Free, piure, un- 

Taka, v. To go about and do, 
as, Takaloi — to go about tell- 
ing lies, &c«; to look at; to 
witness; to see; to more as 
the wind. 

Taka, s. The short line attached 
to Tonga fish hooks. 

Takaaki, v. To accompany; to 
conduct from place to place. 

Takaaki, s* A thing done or got 
up to engage the affection of 
a chief. 

Takaea, a. Lost in fear, agast. 

Takai, v. To anoint ; to oil the 
body, to wrap round with 

Takai, s. Anointing. 

Takai, r. To roll up ; to coil ; 

Takao, v. To make any thing 
round in the hands, as pills; to 
make balls^ 

Takaoa, «?. To surround, to be 
on all sides. 

Takaoaga, s. A kneading trough. 

Takabau, s. The rough mat for 
flooring, called also Tabakau^ 

Takabe, a. Unmarried, single. 

Takabe, v. To be short or des- 
titute of clothing. 

Takafalu, s. The back of chiefs; 
the name of a tree ; a shell 


Takafi, V. To cover, as 
Takafi, s. A cover; the 

with which a book is c( 
Takafia, v. To operate, a 

cine in the system. 
Takafiji, > v. To caper 
Takafute,J as one in 

Takaga, *. The attend 

attendants of a chief. 
Takagaika, s. A shoal o 
Takahi, v. To scratch as 

to make a scratching n< 
Takajia, a. Light, not 

applied to a canoe. 
Takale, *. A term of r< 

for the head. 
Takalekale, s. An emf 

but not broken. 
Takalo, v. To evade; 

out of work. 
Takamilo, r. To turn ro 

round ; to surround. 
Takamo, v. To beckon ; 

signs with the eyes. 
Takaniko, v. See Taka% 
Takaniko, s, A shell fish 

round the moon. 
Takaneva, ^. A fish. 
Takanoa, r. To be free 

at liberty ; to walk at I 
Tdkatau, v. To flght; 

with places in successi< 
Takatau, s. A chief >^ 

fallen in war. 
Takataha, t?. To go alor 
Takatahiaveka, v. To b< 

and yet dirty. 
Takataka, v. To walk a] 
Takatakaaleala, s. One 

Taka takai, s. A shoal < 

Takatakai, v. To roll roi 

round ; to make into a 
Takatakao, v. To round 
Takatakamilo, s. To ( 

to whirl round ; to tur 

and Toxxwd. 



aniko, s. Circles round 

aniko, v. To be encircled, 

ata, V, To walk about 
rike others. 

atuu, V. To stand or 
LS a relief from sitting ; 
k after an affliction. 
I, a. Pugnacious ; fond 
king others. 

e, V. To struggle; to 
nd knock about. 
1, s. A light shifting 

, V, To absent oneself 


, s. Young men. 

, V. To rise; to stand 


, V. To live in the bush. 

, s. Bushranger. 

3, a. Short of food ; 

ing ; thin of flesh, ap- 

a chief. 

. The top of the nut 
rhen prepared foir drink- 
le original root of a tree. 

s. The nut when at the 
►r drinking. 

a. Burnt, dried up. 
s. The keel of a canoe ; 
ttom of any box, basket, 

V, To bathe, to wash. 
, V. To move the eyelids 

1 down repeatedly. 

V. To strike with the 
to kick up .dust; to 
dirt in every direction. 
V, To limp, to hobble 

To lead ; to barter ; to 


V. To prevaricate, 
a, V. To be led or drawn. 
V. To hold a light 
h the night. 

Takiboubou, r. To assist by a 
rope in getting the sail of a 
canoe to the opposite end of 
the canoe when tacking. 

Takifu, V. To scamper off. 

Takimalie, s. The last spreading 
out of gatu. 

Takimua, s. A leader. 

Takimua, v. To lead the way. 

Takina, i?. To drive away; to 
lead off forcibly; to lead away. 

Takinaga, s. The place where 
gatu is spread out and dried ; 
a leader. 

Takitaki, v. To hang suspended ; 
to draw fishing nets through 
the water; to straighten by 
drawing out. 

Takitala, t?. To strike with words ; 
to reprove ; to admonish. 

Takituu, v. To lead along a 
canoe in shallow water. 

Takituu, v. To paddle slowly. 

Takohi, v. To make a scratching 

Takoji, a. Confused ; out of time 
and order. 

Takomo, v. To sip up ; to swal- 
low greedily. 

Takoto, V. To lie down (two or 
more.) . 

Taku, V. To call by, to desig- 

Takua, v. To mention, to call 
by name. 

Takuo, s. The name of a fish* . 

Takuhali, s. The name of a fish. 

Tala, V. To tell, to reply, to 
speak of. 

Tala, s. A bird; a thorn; the 
pricking fin on the back offish ; 
an answer. 

Tala, a. Thorny, prickly. 

Talaa, v. To turn over in the 
mind ; to feel dissatisfied with 
a decision. 

Talaa, a. Unsettled, undeter- 

Talai, V. Tom^UMcX.\ Xx^^^^sv^- 

nish children; to report, to make 
known; to smooth off rough 

Talaihagftmaiy v. To speak so 
and so because the party is 

Talaia, v. To be pricked with 
thorns ; to rase alonff a reef. 

Talauhuaki, v. To speak inciting- 
ly ; to induce by constant tatk. 

Talauhui, a. Irreverent, dis- 
respectful, applied to children. 

Talauhui, v. To speak out of 
order ; to speak interferingly. 

Talabau, v. To speak or tell 

Talafaikitano, v. To speak to 
the dead. 

Talafaitnuga, v. To speak having 
a foundation ; to be free from 
that for which we reprove 

Talafau, s. The name of a double 

Talafakahaha, v. To speak in- 
sinuatingly or indirectly. 

Talafefine, v. To be much in 
the company of females. 

Talafekau, s. Envoy, messenger. 

Talafekau, «?. To deliver a mes- 


Talafi, t?. To investigate a ca&e ; 
to tell one of another in a 
clandestine way. 

Talafili, v. To act in a haughty 
restless manner, 'as a con- 
quered but proud enemy. 

Talafu, s^ The cooking place 
on board a canoe. 

Talafua, v. To let go the rope 
that holds the sail of the canoe. 

Talaga, v. To converse over. 

Talagaua, a. Uncertain, un- 

Talagataa^ s. Disobedience. 

Talagataa, a. Disobedient. 

Talagataa, r. To disobey. 

TaJagofua, s. Obedience. 
Talagofua, a. Obedient. 


Talagofiia, r. To obey. 
Talana, «. The remains of the 

bread fruit after gathering. 
Talahaga, v. To tell of g<Uu to 

be made ; to act overseer in 

the making of g€Uu. 
Talahoka, t. To speak without 

reserve or fear ; to speak word^ 

that pierce. 
Talahoko, r. To speak to; to 

bring the words to the person 

Talahua, a. Jocose, waggish. 
Talahua, 9. To speak jocosely 

or merrily. 
Talaka, p. To speak contemptu— 

ously of the gods. 
Talakakau, 9. To take off the 

Talakeikaba, s» Precaution, pre- 

Talakeikaba, 9. To forewarn, to 

Talaki, «. One kind of fishing 

Talaki, r. To fish with the 7Wa- 

Talaki, r. To report ; to spread 

Talalakulaku, v. To speak ir- 
reverently and disrespectfully* 
Talalo, s. The level land at the 

foot of a hill ; a valley. 
Talaloa, v» To rip open ; to cu^ 

open, (any thing long.) 
Talalotofale, v. To speak evil 9- 

to speak to incite to evil. 
Talamokabui, v. To speak guard- 
Talamu, v. To work the jaws as 

in chewing. 
Talamuka, v rr \^ js 

Talatalamuka, a. Full of buds ; 

abounding in young leaves. 
Talanoa, s. A conversation. 
Talanoa, 9. To converse. 
Talanumacpa, s. Andanceat tlie 


Talata, s. The name of a bird. 
Takttgata, 9« To challenge, to 

Talataha, v. To do at a word ; 

to do freely. 
Talataha, «• The name of a fish. 
Talatala, v. To tell of. 
Taktala, a. Thorny, prickly, 
Talatalaaki, r. To accuse. 
Talatalaaki, s. Accusation, an 

Talatala, i v. To extricate, to 
Talatalai,/ disentangle. 
Talatalaamoai «. A shrub. 
Talatalaamoamaka, b. A shrub. 
Taktalavale, 9. To tell all; as a 

Xalato, r. To speak evil of what 
one has sought but cannot 
Talatuu, V. To speak with 
energy, applied to one whom 
the king hears and obeys. 
X^aUtubua, s. Tradition, fable. 
I^alatubua, 9. To relate fables 

and traditionary tales. 
I^alatuki, r. To aver ; to declare 

with emphasis, 
^alatuki, s. Asseveration, af- 
,_^ firmation. 

^alatuku, s. The last, the part- 
ing advice or commands of a 
^alatuku, v. To give the last 
directions or commands to 
1*alaveka, s. The name of a 

*Xalavou, ^. A young man, a 

Tale, s* A cough. 
Tale, V. To cough. 
Talele, \ a. Used of children 
Talelelele,) beginning to run 

Taleta, a. Strewed about as old 

nuts when plentiful. 
Taleta, a. Scarce, few ; only one 
here and there. 


Tali, s. Food prepared for visits 

Tali, \ V, To prepare food for 

Talia,/ visitors; to wait for; 
to respond ; to receive. 

Talia, v. To knock against some- 
thing; to be hit or hindered by 
somithing. ' 

Taliuli, v» To sail and not heave 
too when overtaken by a squall. 

Taliaonomui, t;. To wait until 
the thing or person shall be 

Talifaki -w m •^.r ^ 

Talitalifaki, I »• To wait for; to 

Talifekina, / ^« '" readiness. 

Talifiji, r. To wait for what may 
accidentally come. 

Talikilagi, t;. To wait upon the 
clouds, applied to swamps and 
places only full when it rains. 

Talimahaga, s. The noose in 
large ropes. 

Talituu, I V. To resent; to 

Talitalituu,/ treat with con*- 
tempt the words of another. 

Talitaunoa, v* To wait, to hope 
without reason or foundation. 

Talituu, s. One manner of plait- 
ing the ke^a. 

Talo, s. A vegetable root, smaller 
than the yam. 

Talokula, s. A vegetable root, 
smaller than the yam. 

Talolo, t;. To make a. sudden 
appearance, applied to a num- 

Talolo, V. To be hushed ; to be 
calmed down. 

Talomonu, t?. To solicit by 
actions the blessing of the gods. 

Talotalo, s. The casting lots. 

Talotalo, v. To cast lots. 

Talu, s. A lock or bush of hair. 

Talu, ad* Since. 

Taluaibe, 1 ad. Ever since ; 

Talutaluaibe,/ just as then; no 

Tama, s. ^.\io^* 



Tama, r. To grate, to scrape. 

Tamai, s. A father. 

Tamaioeikl, s. A male serYant. 

Tamaiki, s. Children. 

Tamaimate, a. Fatherless. 

Tamaimate, s. A fatherless one. 

Tamabua, s» An idol, a doll. 

Tamajii, s. A little boy. 

Tamaki, s. Sore eyes. 

Tamaki, a. Bruised, rotten. 

Tamakitagatai, a. Bad, dis- 
agreeable, because of the 

TlmaLala,} «• B^ter in taste. 

Tamamahi, s. A blow or reproof 

that causes pain. 
Tamanu, s. The name of a tree. 
Tamate, \ r. To kill, to ex- 
Tamatei,f tinguish, erase, to 

destroy, to blot out. 
Tamate, s. Extinction; the act 

of extinguishing. 
Tamate, i r. To subside. 
Tamatemate,/ sink; to die 

Tamate, i a. Dry, healing ; 
Tamatemate, f dying as a wound ; 

Tamato, s. A miscarriage, an 

Tamule, v. To handle ; to turn 

over and over in the hands. 
Tana, s. One kind of yam. 
Tana, v. To be offended ; to be 

Tanafa, s. The name of a fish. 
Tanaki, s. Gleaning, gleaner. 
Tanaki, v. To collect; to glean; 

to bring together. 
Tane, s. A disease in the skin. 
Taniu, s. A casting lots to know 

the origin of a disease. 
Tano, s. A burying place of the 

Tanoa, s. A kava bowl. 
Tanoa, r. To ward, to forewarn. 
Tanu, I p. To bury, to conceal, 
Tanua, J to hide. 


\ Tanuaun, r. To hide ; to secret 
oneself in a favourite place. 

Tanuaga, s. A burying place. 

Tanubobo, v. To fill full and 

Tanuga, s. See Tanuaga, 

Tanuma, v. To bury the dead 
by numbers, as burying ba- 
nanas for ma. 

Tanumaga, s. The name of the 
eleventh moon. 

Tanumaki, \ v. To earth up 

Tanutanumaki,/ any plant or 
tree ; to hoe ; to cover ; to 
bury and cover in the mind. 

Tanurtu, v. To follow in quick 
succession ; to flow with rapidi- 


Tanutanu, s. The name of a fish. 

Tanutanu, «?. To bury ; to cover 
oyer with earth. 

Tata, s. The scoop for bailing 
water out of canoes ; a cover- 
ing for the top of the thatch 
of a house ; any covering for 
the head; a dabber used in 

Tata, t7. To cover, to dab. 

Tata, a. Near, not distant. 

Tata, V. To collect up ; to clean 
out as a well ; to wipe, to rub. 

Tataalagovaka, s. The anger of 
a foe who has obtained the 

Tataatuanima, a. Near, as the 
back of the hand to the palm, 
used figuratively of those who 
are near but get nothing ; also 
of what is near, but difficult 
to do. 

Tatae, v. To reach; to ext^id 
the arm to collect ; to gather 

Tatao, V. To press, to squeeze; 
to put under a weight ; to lie 
in wait. 

Tatao, s, A party lying in am- 
bush. • 



similarity; a screen made of 

the Takabau. 

TataU) a. Similar^ equal, express. 

Tatau, 1 m • * 4. • 
Tatauk,/ «^- To wring, to strain. 

Tatau, V. To criticise, to remark 

Tataba, v. To flutter, as a fowl 

in the hands ; to flurry* 
Tatabi, v. To wipe. 
Talafa, v. To shoot; to pass 

along with speed. 
Tatafe, v. To flow; to run as a 

Tatafefie, s, A shell fish. 
Tatafi, r. To clean and sweep off. 
Tatagata, v. To siltoce ; to 

make a finish. 
Tatagi, v. To ring ; to tinkle. 
Tatagia, *. A tree. 
Tatago, V. To seize; to attack 

Tataha, s. A sudden gush or 

Tatajino, a. Near, but only the 

Tataka, a. Unsettled ; at work, 

used of the mind. 
Tataki, s. A leader or guide; 

one manner of catching fish. 
Tataki, v. To lead or guide ; to 

stretch out; to take fish as 

Tataku, v. To call several names 

together in succession. 
Tatala, v. To tear off; to open, 

to rend; to separate what 

Tatali, V, To wait, to tarry. 
Tatali, s. Waiting, tarrying. 
Tatah, V. To make a perfect rid- 

dance or clear out ; to take all. 
Tatanu, a. Cloggy, soft, as soil 

after rain ; yielding. 
Tatatau, v. To tattoo. 
Tatatau, s. The tattooing, 
^atava, a. Sour, inclined to 

Tateaiir ^. One kind of banana. 


Tateua, v. To work the month 
as in eating 

Tatebi, r. To walk, to step. 

Tatebi, v. To work with a quick 
and repeated stroke, as beat- 
ing taba. 

Tatebo, s. A gabbler. 

Tateka, \ v. To run, as a 

Tateketeka,i child; to roll 

Tatele, i v. To slip along ; 

Tateletele,/ to plane; to slide 
on an even surrace. 

Tateme, ^ r. To flutter, to 

Tatemeteme, / bustle. 

Tatoka, v. To sleep two or 
more together. 

Tatokaabuaka, v. To fall to- 
gether as wrestlers. 

Tatu, V. To work about ; to be 
in motion. 

Tatu, a. Loose, not fixed. 

Tatube, i r. To shake, to 

Tatubetube,/ flop. 

Tava, s. The name of a tree. 

Tava, See Taiava. 

Tavaamanu, s. The name of a 
shell fish. 

Tavae, r. To trip up the beds. 

Tavai, v* To drink and eat to- 

Tavai. v. To clean out a pond, 
well, &c. 

Tavao, v. To hoe; to clear of 
weeds grown large. 

Tavahe, r. To strike with a 
quick repeated stroke. 

Tavahi, s. The name of a tree. 

Tavaka, r. To abscondina canoe. 

Tavi, s. The work or occupa- 
tion of an individual. 

Taviki, s. The name of a bird; 
one kind of yam. 

Tavikitoto, s. The name of a 

Tavaku, r. To scratch ; to get 
up earth with the hands. 

Tavale, i r. To work or order 

Tavalea,) al x«xvdLQ\Xi\ V^ ^^^ 



without thought; to eat any 

thing and every thing. 
Tavatava, s. The name of a shell 

Tavava, a. Open, applied to 

badly set teeth. 
Tavave, a. Quick. 
Tavilovilo, r. To be bloMm by 

the wind. 
Te, pron. I. 

Tci A sign of the future tense. 
Te, 9. To float; to sit on the 

surface of the water. 
Tea, a. Whitish ; light in colour. 
Teau, a. A hundred. 
Teavai, a. White in the skin. 
Tea to, s. A shell fish. 
Tee, s. The dung of animals. 
Teefo, s. The name of a fish. 
Teefoulumaka, s. The name of 

a fish. 
Teenifo, s. Gums. 
Teetee, s. A poisonous fish. 
Teeteebuaka, s. A grass. 
Teeteemanu, s* The name of a 

Teetuli, s. An insect. 
Teiulu, s. The second crop of 

yams raised from the tendrils 

of the first. 

T 'tp* i ^^' Nearly, almost. 

Teu, -\ V. To prepare, to 
Teui, > deck; to qualify; 
Teuteu, J to make ready. 

rp^"? 1 s. Qualification, pre- 

Teuaga, s, A place for dressing 

and adorning. 
Teuga, s. Preparation, adorning, 

Teuga, V. To adorn, to decorate, 

to garnish. 
Teugataha, r. To dress or adorn 

with one and the same thing, 

applied to several. 
Teuteuaga, s. See Teuaga. 
leba, a. Crosseyed. 


Teba, r. To look across or as- 

Tebekia, v. To hurry; to pre- , 

cipitate others. 
Tebi, 1 V. To walk; to go 
Tebitebi, • or come; to do with 

a quick repeated motion, as 

Tebotebo, r. To gabble ; to 

garble in speaking. 
Tebu, s. A knot in wood. 
Tebutebu, a. Full of knots and 

Tefa, a. Fondling. 
Tefau, s. The name of a yam. 
Tefito, s. The root, the origin. 
Tefitoihala, s. The entrance into 

a path. 
Tefitoua, a. Nice, particular as 

to food. 
Tefua, V. To be collected or 

assembled together. 
Tefua, a. Two hundred, in 

counting nuts only. 
Tefuhi, a. One hundred couples. 
Tega, s. The thigh ; a swelling, 

a tumour. 
Tega, I s. The seeds of trees 
Tegai, I and plants. 
Tegage, s. A shell fish. 
Tege, s. A hard swelling. 
Tege, V. To swell up. 
Tegehaga, r. To cry ; to weep. 
Tegetega, s. The name of a 

Tegihia, r. To cry or mourn 

Tegitage, a. Afflicted, applied to 

Tegitage, s. Affliction, applied to 

Tegitegi, s. The nut leaf plaited 

in a certain way. 
Tehaga, s. A span length, used 

of a short length. 
Tehitehituu, v. To stand; to be 

restless ; to saunter. 
Teka, s. A play ; a kind of san- 
dal; ap\ee^ oC 'wood fastened 



to the mast to wrap the rope 

?ek:i,} - To roll. 

Tekau, a. Twenty. 

Tekakai, v. To roll upon others 
what ought to be done by him- 

Tekanoa, s. An odd one; one 
by himself. 

Tekanoa, t?. To occur accidental- 
ly ; to come or go by chance. 

Teke, s. A bracket^ a supporter, 

Tekea X ^' "^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ' *^ 
Tekei J resist; to refuse. 

Tekefiho, s. The nut when past 
the best for drinking. 

Tekefekefili, } *'' '^° "« exposed. 
Tekefua, v. To cut off the hair; 

to shave the head.^ 
Tekefua, i a. Naked, stript, 
Teketekefua,/ as a vessel of 

her masts, &c. 
Tekela, s. A pole that keeps 

out the sail. 
Tekeiei, \ a. Bare, exposed, 
Teketekelei,/ stript, as after a 

Teketekai, . v. To roll along, as 

Teketeke, ) v. To resist; to 
Teketekei,/ drive off; to push. 
Tekelili, i v. To shiver, to 
Teketekelili,/ quake, to shake, 

to tremble, 
j/ekena % 

Teketekena,} ;'' ^^^ ^elceieke. 

Teketeketuakoi, v. To push 

away or remove the land mark 

of another to increase his 


Teki, ■\ 9. To start, as in 

Tekia, > a fright ; to set up 

Tekiteki,-' the shoulders in 

walking; to strut. 
Tekebi, s» A Tonga pilloyv. 


Tekina, t?. To be carried^ away 

by the sea. 
Tekivale, i a. Easily per- 
Tekitekivale, J suaded or en- 
Tekoga, a. Peacemeal, in pieces. 
Tekoni, v. To hobble; to be lame 

in one leg. 
Tela, V. The flat of the shark's 

Telae, s. The name of a fish. 
Tele, s, A razor ; a shaver ;• any 

instrument used in shaving, 

planing, &c. 
Tele, I?. To shave; to plane; to 

smooth off. 
Telea, 5. A dreary passage. 
Teleaga, s. The place of planing 

Telefua, s. Nakedness. 
Telefua, a. Naked, bare. 
Telegehe, s. Stars. 
Telehea, s. A shell fish. 
Telekihi, s. The name of a fish. 
Teletele, v. To plane, to scrape. 
Telia, con. Lest, because. 
Telie, s. A tree and its fruit, 

Telieamanu, s. The name of a 

Teliteliuli, s, A small fish which 

accompanies the shark; used 

of one who is ever at the heels 

of another. 
Temomo, s. Relative, acquain- 
Tene, t?. To prepare the body. 
Teneaka, s, A shell fish. 
Tenifa, s. A large kind of shark. 
Tete, V. To tremble. 
Tete, V, To float, to swim. 
Tetea, s. The name of a fish. 
Tetea, a. Whitish, pale, pallid. 
Tetee, «?. To hang ; to suspend ; 

to burst forth. 
Teteba, v. To stare askaunt or 

Tetebu, s. A small ^a.rt \ atL 




Tetebji, v. To be apart or se- 
parated from the main body. 

Tetefa, s. A tree. 

Tetega, a. Hard, swollen. 

Teteka, v. To glance to and fro; 
to separate from ; to be leaving; 
to go towards, as a canoe to 
a reef. 

Teteke, v. To draw the bow in 
shooting; to draw back. 

Teteki, s. Fear, fright, cautious- 

Teteki, a. Fearful, cautious. 

Tetetete, *. Trembling, quaking. 

Tetetete, v. To tremble, to 
quake, to quiver. 

Teteve, a. Sandy, gritty. 

Teve, s. A shrub whose root is 
eaten in famine. 

Tevehaamoa, s. A kind of the 

Tevela, s. A fish. 

To, V, To fall ; to set ; to give 
over to another ; to be absent; 
to forget another. 

To, s, A fall, the act of falling ; 
the sugar cane ; the act of 

Toa, s. The name of a tree. 

Toa, s. Courage. 

Toa, a. Courageous. 

Toafa, s. Wilderness, a desert. 

Toaga, s. The place where one 
has fallen. 

Toaki, ad. Unwillingly. 

Toatebe, s. A tree. 

Toe, V. To groan ; to remain. 

Toe, ad. Again, a second time. 

Toe, s. The remnant, the re- 
mainder; the youngest child 
in a family ; a groan. 

Toeu, V. To hobble along in 

Toega, s. The remnant, the re- 

Toegafiliga, s. The remains after 
all have had their choice. 

Toemi^ v. To move quickly; to 
move from side to sid€|. 

Toetoe, r. To moan; to groan 

Toetoe, s. The remains. 
Toi, 8. The name of a tree; the 

gum of trees ; a drop. 
Toi, V. To drop, to extil. 
Toi, V. To lurk ; to hide ; to 

keep out of sight. 
Toitoi, I?. To lurk ; to hide one- 
self; to drop. 
Toitoiaga, s. A lurking place. 
Too, s. The name of a shell fish. 
Too, V. To take ; to carry in 

the hand ; to open. 
Tooa, V. To be opened ; to act 

as one possessed with a devil. 
Tooiio, V. To divide a fish int 

four parts. 
Toouli, V. To cook yams with 

the skin and dirt. 
Tooga, s. Fine mats ; waiting 

men and maidens. 
Toohema, a. Left, on the left 

Toohi, a. Slow ; behind in work. 
Tookie, v. To give general orders 

to plait the mat called kie. 
Toola, V. To give general order 

to plait mats for sails. 
Tooliu, t?. To flute; to hollov^r 

out ; to cut a channel in a tree. 
Toomau, v. To hold, to keep 

possession of. 
Toomatau, a. Right, on the right 

Toomotafi, «. Good, very good. 
Toona, v. To be stolen, taken 

Toonaki, v. To cook large quan- 
tities of food. 
Tootoo, a. Quick, 
Too too, V. To be quick. 
Tootooa, a. Vain, boasting. 
Tootooga, s. The entrails; the 

appurtenances of any work. 
Tootoonoa, v. To take any thing 

that one meets with ; to be 

light fingered. 
Tootoo\a\ea^ a. Easily moved 



or persuaded, invariably used Touloku, s, A shrub. « 
of one who is difficult to move ! Touki, a. Full of leaves; covered 
or persuade. ! with tendrils and leaves, as a 

T0U4 s. The name of a tree and plantation « 

its berries y which are used as Toumaga, s. The branch of the 

a paste. 

Toua, s, A rope to climb^by. 

Toua, s. The place occupied in 
a kava party by the people, as 
opposed to the Alqfi. 

Touaki, r. To put the stones on 
the fire in cooking; to com- 
plain when lazy persons arc 

Toui, r. To do more or better 
than another. 

Touia, a. Wounded ; pierced as 
by a spear. 

Toiiia, «?. To let down the net 
• at a venture ; to hang up ; to 
excel, to surpass. 

Toube, a. Free, without children. 

Toubili, V. To follow, to pursue, 
to go after. 

Toubuna, v. To hem, to darn. 

Toufefine, s. Women of one 
age or generation. 

Toufefine, s. A sister, used only 
by a brother ; one kind of the 
tree called Tou. 

Toufo, r. To scoop out water ; 
to drink up. 

Touhala, v. To neglect the pro- 
per time and place for any work. 

Touhuhu, s, A play. 

Touhuhu, \ a. Full of knobs 

Toutouhuhu, i or lumps, knotty. 

Toukai, s. The time for fruit 
trees bearing. 

Toukubu, s. A limb; the limb 
from one joint to another. 

Toulekeleka, s, A beauty; a 
handsome man. 

Toulekeleka, a. Goodly, fine, 
well proportioned. 

Touliki, 1 «. Water into which 

Toutouliki,i oil has been in- 
troduced ; oiled while yet wet 
with water. 


yam vines or tendrils. 
Toumama, s. The people or 

worshippers of any given god. 
Toumanu, s. The season in which 

birds lay. 
Toumata, s. A shade for the 

Toume, s. The cover of the nut 

branch as it fruits from the 

tree, used when dry as a 

Toumoua, r. To hesitate. 
Toumoua, s. Hesitation. 
Toumohomoho, s. The banana 

leaves baked with the food. 
Toumua, s. The road belonging 

to an abi or premises. 
Toumui, s. The end of the rows 

of yams, 
Toutai, s. The person who gives 

directions in sailing canoes ; a 

sailing master. 
Toutai, V. To fish, to take fish. 
Toutai, s. Fish caught from the 

Toutai, ) A £ 1 

Toutaiika,} '■ ^ fisherman. 

Toutaba, s. Woman or women 
who paste the taba together in 
making gatu. 

Toutaba, v. To paste together 
the fetaaki in making gatu. 

Toutagata, s. A race ; a genera- 
tion; one kind of the tree 
called tou; a man who takes 
care of women in an abi; a 
brother, used by a sister only. 
•Toutagata, a. Equal; ahke in 
age ; of one generation. 

Toutakao, v. To box; to fight 
with the fists. 

Toutakao, s. A boxing match. 

Toutali, s. The second in num- 
ber o£ ba^VeX.^ oS. Wftc* 




Toutania, a. Giving suck or 

Toutama, s. A suckling woman. 
Toutou, a. Tender, not tough. 
Toutou, V. To be in fear ; to re- 
Toutoui, V. To paste together 

small pieces in making gatu. 
Toutouia, «?• To hang up; to 

suspend from above. 
Toutonu, V. To do at the proper 

time and place. 
Toutoubili, V. To follow close. 
Toutouhiko, s. A play of chief 

Toutouhua, v. To cover as with 

a shawl. 
Toutu, s. The name of a fish. 
Toutui, V. To push through the 
wind; to sail with the wind 
right ahead. 
Toutuu, V. To go and come 

Toutuu, s, A large plantation of 

yams belonging to several. 
Toutufala, s. Fish. 
Toba, s. A sore mouth. 
Tobala, ». To fall rotten ripe 

from the trees. 
Tobe, s. A lock of hair ; a fleak. 
Tobe, I V. To paddle with 
Tobetobe,) a quick stroke. 
Tobetobe, v. To remain here 

and there one. 
Tobihi, V. To fall soft ripe. 
Toboli, s. The noise of the Moho, 
Tobono, o. Satisfied, filled. 
Tobui, V. To prohibit ; to make 

Tobuuno, s. A shrub that in- 
variably grows upon other trees, 
applied to one who appears 
afraid to sit on the earth. 
Tobuga, \ V. To sit as a 

Tobugobuga, i dead weight on 
the surface of the water, ap- 
plied to a canoe that sails 
Tobukie, s, A shining substance 


on the bark of trees seen in 

the dark. 
Tobulagi, s. The name of a shell 

Tobulaka, s, A firame to throw 

spears over ata mark. 
Tobulaka, v. To spear, to throw 

spears over any thing. 
Tobuna, r. To leap, to run 

Tobuvae, s. Shoes, footstep, 

Tobuvaetaha, «?. To walk in one 

and the same footstep. 
Tofa, V. To lay out, to make, 

as a road. 
Tofa, 'I s. Sleep, only used to 
Tofafa,/ chiefs. 
Tofai, V. To cut through the 

Tofaaki, 'i r. To sleep with; 
Totofaaki,/ to awake to do, ag 

work in the morning. 
Tofaga, V. To arrive suddenly 

as a canoe. 
Tofaki, a. Deep. 
Tofale, V, To make small houso 
Tofatakavale, r. To die as os^ 

poor and friendless yet a chi^ 
Tofe, s. The name of a shell fi^ 
Tofeloa, s. The name of a sh ^ 

Tofelouifi, s. The name of 

shell fish. 
Tofetofe, s. The name of a sh^ 

Tofi, s, A knife made with has* 

Tofi| V. To cut in small pieces* 
Tofia, s. An inheritance, t 

Tofifatafata, s. A yard, hall 

fathom, measuring from the 

end of the fingers to the middle 

of the chest. 
Tofiga, s. The time for cutting 

yams into sets. 
Tofiholoaki, v. To cut sets oi 
yams aV. dvSfex^wt tunes. 



Tofij], s. One kind of sugar cane. 
Tofitofi, V. To cut into pieces. 
Tofo, \ a. Out of the ordinary 
Tofoi, i order of things. 
Tofogi, t?. To take off a prohibi- 
Tofoto, s. A payment for me- 
Tofu, s. A calm. 
Tofu, a. Calm. 
Tofu, V. To be all supplied. 
Tofua, V. To bake the yams 

whole ; to rush in upon. 
Tofuaa, s. The whale. 
Tofue, f . The name of a shell 

Tofuhi, a. Covered with fruit 

Tofuhia, v. To be becalmed ; to 

be all served. 
Tofuji, V. To run, to go, to 

come, (a low word used to a 

Tofuki, s. A dead calm. 
Tofunaga, s. A spot where food 

has been cooked, a cooking 

Tofutofu, a. Nearly calm, light 

Tofutofu, s, A smooth part in 

the sea. 
Tofutuu, V. To take a spring in 

diving in the water. 
Toga, V. To arrive panting for 

Togabuleia, v. To be governed, 

to be under law. 
Togafiji, s. One clever at sea. 
Togi, V. To carve, to engrave. 
Togi, s. Carved work, engraving. 
Togia, V, To relieve for a time. 
Togiaki, s. A sailing canoe ; the 

former double canoes of Toga. 
Togitogi, r. To carve. 
Togo, s. The name of a tree ; a 

preparation for turning the 

hair red. 
Togo, V. To dress the head 

with the above. 

Togoi, s. A kind of buttai'fly. 

Togolei, s. A tree. 

Togotogo, s. One kind of the Ji. 

Tohala, v. To be too late; to 
be out of the way at the pro- 
per time. 

Tohi, *. A book, a writing, a 
letter; a small sharp shell 
used in splitting leaves. 

Tohi, t?. To write, to enrol. 

Tohi, \ V. To score, to streak, 

Tohitohi,/ to split. 

Tohitohi, s. The name of a shell 

Toho, V. To drag, to tow along, 

Tohoa, V, To take off. 

Tohoga, s. The mark in the 
road where any thing has been . 

Tohotoho, V. To drag by force; 
to abuse a female. 

Tohumu, \ V. To stumble 

Tohumuhumu, / along. 

Tohuni, s. The name of a tree. 

Toji, \ V. To peck, to nibble, 

Tojitoji,/ to jagg. 

Toka, V. To bespeak a particular 
article at any iiestival. 

Toka, s. The particular article 

Toka, a. Aground, asleep, sub- 
missive, conquered. 

Toka, t?. To sleep ; to lie down, 
as one afilicted ; to be, to exist, 
as in a given state. 

Toka, 8. Sleep; one kind of the 
KohkaM; a sediment. 

Tokaaga, s. The bed or sleeping 
place of chiefs. 

Tokaage, Think, imagine. 

Tokai, V. To add to, to mix 

Tokai, «. Right ahead, (the 

Tokai, s. A blow witli the fist. 

Tokai, V. To go direct to. 

Tokaimaanaga, a. Open, ex- 
posed, without a cove^vw^* 

\Tokafe, t. "^^K^xss^^^^^W^ 



Tokafg, V. To fall, to die from 

a spear or shot. 
Tokaga, s. Attention, advertency, 

Tokaga, a. Attentive, careful. 
Tokaga, v. To attend, to care for. 
Tokaga, s. A place where many 

birds lay their eggs ; a patch 

of ground often planted with 

yams ; a point from which the 

wind blew. 
Tokagai, v. To take care of, to 

attend to. 
Tokagaiteita, a. To be hated. 
Tokagagoue, s. Land under 

cultivation, divided out into 

Tokagalaa, s. The west; the 

place of sun setting. 
Tokagamahaki, s. A place where 

several sick persons lie. 
Tokageegaea, v. To lie overdone 

with fatigue. 
Tokaki, V. To take to a place. 
Tokakovi, a. Qualmish, sickly 

Tokalaelae, v. To lie with the 

face upwards, as one laid out. 
Tokalali, s. The name of a shell 

Tokalalo, s. The lowest in any 

situation ; subjection. 
Tokalalo, v. To submit, to yield 

Tokalosi, s. A surgical operation. 
Tokaluta, v. To stand or lie firm. 
Tokamea, v. To have charge of; 

to look after. 
Tokamua, a. Early. 
Tokamua, ad. Beforehand, pre- 

Tokamui, a. Late. 
Tokamui, ad, Behiild, too late. 
Tokanoa, s. The name of a shell 

Tokanoa, a. Unfrequented, soli- 
Toke, s. The sea eel. 
Toicj V. To cut up the whale, 


Tokebokulu, s. A fish. 

Toke^atala, s. A fish. 

Tokene, v. To break or fall from. 

Tokehe, v. To go aside ; to stray 
to the right or left. 

Toketanu, s. A fish. 

Toketea, s. A fish. 

Toki, s. An axe, hatchet; the 
name of a shell fish. 

Toki, ad. Then, lately, just past. 

Toki, ) r. To ravish ; to be 

Tokia,/ ravished. 

Tokilalo, v. To be subdued, to 
fall under. 

Toko, s. Long rods used for 
pushing along canoes in shallow 

Toko, V, To work as above ; to 
make preparations on a large 

Toko, A particle used before nu- 
merals and in asking a question, 
meaning person or individual, 
applied also to irrational ani- 

Tokouci, s. A brother, a sister. 

Tokofeke, r. To go in search of 
the Feke. 

Tokomataba, s, A bar ; a stick 
used to fasten doors. 

Tokomohu, s. Hiccup. 

Tokonaki, s. Preparation; food 
prepared for any special occa- 

Tokonaki, «?. To prepare ; to 
collect together ; to rest the 
hand upon any thing. 

Tokoni, s. Help, assistance, sup- 

Tokoni, v. To help, to assist, to 

Tokonifuji, s. The name of a 

Tokoto, «?. To lie down. 

Tokoto, V. To be lying down. 

Tokotoko, s. A walking stick. 

Tokotokoi, V, To rub ; to stroke 
tl\e flesh and limbs of young 



Tokotokonaki^ v. To be prepar- 


Tokotuu^ s. The stakes used in 
the reed fencing. 

Toku, s. A kind of knife made 
from the common tortoise shell. 

Toku, V. To chop; to smack 
the mouth in eating. 

ToVua, Used when addressing 
another, but without any de- 
finite meaning. 

Tokulu, V. To crouch. 

Tokutoku, V. To eat as rabbits 
or mice. 

Tola, s. The snout, the mouth ; 
the native drum; a play of 
children ; the top part of the 
nut tree. 

Toleka, s. One kind of sugar 

Tolele, a. Purged ; afflicted with 
a purging. 

Toll, V, To gather, to pluck, to 
take off. 

Toll, s. The gathering of flowers 
for garlands. 

Tolia, a. Satisfied, pleased (the 

Tolii, V. To chip, to break off. 

Tolifili, v. To pick and choose. 

Tolilo, V. To hide ; to put out 
of sight of others. 

Tolitoli, s. The name of a shell 

Tolo, *. The name of a fish ; a 
game ; a way of taking fish ; 
a throw; the throwing over- 
board to lighthen the vessel. 

Tolo, V. To rub ; to ignite ; to 
throw; to cast goods over- 

Tolo, a. Half grown (the yam.) 

Toloa, s. The duck. 

Toloa, V, To cast overboard. 

Toloaki, s. A breed, a hatch. 

Toloaki, ) v. To move; to 

Toloekina, / place in « different 
situation ; to draw along. 

Toloi^ V. To increase ; to extend ; 

to lenghten out ; to crush ; to 

Tolouoji, a. Destitute; neither 
in the house nor outside. 

Tolounua, v. To run a splinter 
or thorn into the foot. 

Tolounua, s, A sore caused by 
a splinter. 

Tolobi, V. To turn up, to disrupt. 

Tolofa, a. Wide, broad, spread 

Tolofa, «?. To wear a dress long 
and spreading. 

Tolofia, 2?. To creep towards ; 
to get at by the sly. 

Tologa, a. Durable, long lived, 
lasting, permanent. 

Tologa, s. Duration, permanency; 
the large stick used in getting 

Tologaki, v. To throw at, to 

Tologalu, a. Heavily freighted. 

Tologalu, V. To rattle in the 

Tologulu, s. A ruttling in the 

Tologulu, V. To ruttle in the 

Tolokakanoa, v. To pierce to the 

Tolomoaiia, s. A fish. 

Tolona, t?. To move off in an- 
other direction, as a squall. 

Tolotalo, s. A shrub. 

Toloto, V. To get entangled ; to 
get within a net. 

Tolotolo, t?. To throw repeated- 
ly and at random. 

Tolotolo, s. A cape ; a project- 
ing part of land. 

Tolotolofaki, v. To creep along ; 
to crawl with something in the 

Tolo tologa. See Tologa. 

Tolotologulu, See Tologulu. 

Tolovaia, v. To near, to ap- 
proach, as one canoe eKa&\\v^ 



Toloveu, s. Light rubbish. 

Tolu, a. Three. 

TolutolUy s» The name of a shell 

Tolutoluhama, s. A small stick 
fastened to the outrigger; a 
stand by. 

Toma, s. Pride, vanity. 

Toma, a. Proud, vain. 

Toma, V. To expect to do, 

Tomabee, v. To fall or bow 

Tomaga, v. To walk with ex- 
tended legs. 

Tomo, a. Longer, taller. 

Tomo, r. To project, to jet out. 

Tomoi, s. Sodomy. 

Tomohobo, v. To fall and rise, 
as a vessel in a heavy sea. 

Tomokulu, V. To come together 
one after another ; to come at 
different times 

Tomotahabe, a. Longest, tallest. 

Tomotoma, v. To swagger, to 

Tomotomo, s. The top of the 
canoe mast. 

Tomua, a. First, earliest. 

Tomua, ad. Early, too early. 

Tomui, a. Last, latest. 

Tomui, ad. Late, too late. 

Tomuhu, V. To speak ; to con- 
verse in a low tone of voice. 

Tona, s. A native disease re- 
sembling small pox ; the lumpy 
or rough part of tlie Feke. 

Tono, s. A kind of grass. 

Tonoi,} *• Adultery. 
Tonoa, v. To part with foolishly. 
Tonoa, a. Vain, fruitless. 
Tonoa, v. To be adulterated, to 

commit adultery. 
Tonoi, V, To commit adultery. 
Tonofefine, s. An adulterer. 
Tonotagata, s. An adulteress. 
Tonotama, v. To adopt a child 
p.lready adopted by another. 
Tonu, s. The name of a fish. 


Tonu, a. Straight, correct, free' 

from error, fixed. 
Tonuuli, s. A fish. 
Tonufagamea, s. A fish. 
Tonuga, a. Faithful, upright and 

Tonuhia, s» Justice, equity. 
Tonuhia, a. Just, righteous. 
Tonuhia, r. To be justified; to 

be clear from charges. 
Tonukuli, «. A fish. 
Tonumaga, s. Any thing buried 

for a time, as yams for settii^. 
Tonumaki, v. To say and do 

unkind things to another re- 
peatedly. See TanumakL 
Tonumekina, v. To be buried 

or covered over by accident. 
Tonutea, s. -A fish. 
Totao, s. The name of a fish. 
Totao, a. Sharp, long, pointed. 
Totahi, V. To be lost at sea. 
Totakutaku, v. To blow in gusts 

strong and sudden. 
Toteia, v. To fall ; to die by a 

Totebe, v. To move quickly ; to 

bustle about. 
Toto, s. Blood ; the name of a tree. 
Toto, V. To bleed. 
Toto, V. To bend or stoop in 

Toto, V. To give the mind to ; 

to be absorbed with. 

ToSia,} «• ^'°°^y- 

Totoafa, s, A waste uncultivated 

Totoaki, s. Earnestness, zeal. 

Totoaki, a. Earnest, zealous. 

Totoaki, v. To do earnestly. 

Totoe, V, To groan, to mourn. 

Totoi, V. To leave a remnant. 

Totoogakehe, v. To act different- 
ly from former times. 

Totou, V. To paste together the 

Fetaaki with the Tou. 
\ Totofa, t?. To walk as through 

rTotofaaki^ a. Near; at hand^ as 

Totofi, V. To cut; to cut a 

second time. 
Totofia, a, Maggotty. 
Totofo, V. To seek medicine. 
Totofu, V. To be supplied ; all 

to have a portion. 
Totogi, s. Payment, wages, fee, 

Totogi, V. To pay, to reward, 

to expiate, to fee ; to nibble, 

as a fish at the bait ; to change ; 

to relieve another by taking 

his place. 
Totogo, r. To spring up; to 

be growing, as the beard. 
Totoho, a. Streaked, plaided. 
Totoho, V. To drawl out, to 

lengthen out. 
Totoji, V. To nibble, to eat 

Totoka, V. To sink as a sediment, 
Totoka, s. Any sediment. 
Totoka, ad. Slowly, gently, 

Totoka, a. Slow, gentle. 

Totoke, «?. To trip along, as one 
pleased with his errand. 

Totoko, V. To walk with the 
help of a long stick ; to push 

Totoko, s, A smoothing instru- 

Totoko, 17. To smoothen, to make 

Totoku, V. To eat eagerly. 

Totokula, 5. A tree. 

Totola, a. Hard; too fresh or 

Totolo, r. To crawl, to creep. 

Totoma, v. To borrow adorn- 
ings for the body. 

Totomotuabaaga, v. To be all 
in earnest ; to do with all one's 

Totona^ a. Lumpy. 

Totonu, a. Straight, correct, up- 
right, equitable, real. 

Totonu, s. Equity, justice, up- 
rightness, reality. 

Totototo, a. Rfed. 

Totutubu, V. To set when sprout- 

Totutuli, V. To set before sprout- 

Tovale, a. Lost. 

Tu, s. The name of a bird. 

Tua, s. The back. 

Tua, s. One species of the yam ; 
the outside of any thing ; the 
common people. 

Tua, a. External, outward, ex- 

Tua, r. To push ; to drive 

Tuaa, s. The outside of the 

Tuaata, s. A kind of yam. 

Tuaeitu, s. A Tonga feast. 

Tuai, V. To push, to knock 

Tuai, s. A push. 

Tuai, s. Delay, procrastination; 
the back. 

Tuai, a. Slow, dilatory. 

Tuai, V, To be long, to defer. 

Tuaimeiuta, v. To be long or 
delayed but on shore. 

Tuaofo, s. The bend or curve 
in the end of Tonga houses. 

Tuaba, v. To bury on the cover 
stone of a vault ; to bury tem- 

Tuababa, s. A broad surface of 
sand stone at the sea side. 

Tuabeukai, s. A person of in- 
ferior rank who interferes to 
prevent the preparing food for 
a chief. 

Tuabiko, a. Humpbacked. 

Tuabiko, s. A humpbacked per- 

Tuafehuiua, a. Inquisitive, fond 
of inquiring. 



Tokafg, V. To fall, to die from 

a spear or shot. 
Tokaga, s. Attention, advertency, 

Tokaga, a. Attentive, careful. 
Tokaga, «?. To attend, to care for. 
Tokaga, s. A place where many 

birds lay their eggs ; a patch 

of ground often planted with 

yams ; a point from which the 

wind blew. 
Tokagai, v. To take care of, to 

attend to. 
Tokagaiteita, a. To be hated. 
Tokagagoue, s. Land under 

cultivation, divided out into 

Tokagalaa, s. The west; the 

place of sun setting. 
Tokagamahaki, s. A place where 

several sick persons lie. 
Tokageegaea, v. To lie overdone 

with fatigue. 
Tokaki, v. To take to a place. 
Tokakovi, a. Qualmish, sickly 

Tokalaelae, v. To lie with the 

face upwards, as one laid out. 
Tokalali, s. The name of a shell 

Tokalalo, s. The lowest in any 

situation ; subjection. 
Tokalalo, v. To submit, to yield 

Tokalosi, s, A surgical operation. 
Tokaluta, v. To stand or lie firm. 
Tokamea, v. To have charge of; 

to look after. 
Tokamua, a. Early. 
Tokamua, ad. Beforehand, pre- 
Tokamui, a. Late. 
Tokamui, ad. Behiild, too late. 
Tokanoa, s. The name of a shell 

Tokanoa, a. Unfrequented, soli- 
Toke, s. The sea eel. 
ToAe^ V. To cut up the whale, 


Tokebokulu, s. A fish. 

Tokegatala, s. A fish. 

Tokehe, v. To break or fall from. 

Tokehe, r. To go aside ; to stray 
to the right or left. 

Toketanu, s. A fish. 

Toketea, s. A fish. 

Toki, s. An axe, hatchet; the 
name of a shell fish. 

Toki, ad. Then, lately, just past. 

Toki, ) V. To ravish ; to be 

Tokia,/ ravished. 

Tokilalo, v. To be subdued, to 
fall under. 

Toko, s. Long rods used for 
pushing along canoes in shallow 

Toko, V. To work as above ; to 
make preparations on a large 

Toko, A particle used before nu- 
merals and in asking a question, 
meaning person or individual, 
applied also to irrational ani- 

Tokoua, s. A brother, a sister. 

Tokofeke, v. To go in search of 
the Feke. 

Tokomataba, s. A bar ; a stick 
used to fasten doors. 

Tokomohu, s. Hiccup. 

Tokonaki, s. Preparation; food 
prepared for any special occa- 

Tokonaki, v. To prepare ; to 
collect together ; to rest the 
hand upon any thing. 

Tokoni, s. Help, assistance, sup- 

Tokoni, v. To help, to assist, to 

Tokonifuji, s. The name of a 

Tokoto, V. To lie down. 

Tokoto, V. To be l)dng down. 

Tokotoko, s. A walking stick. 

Tokotokoi, V. To rub ; to stroke 
the flesh and limbs of young 


Tokotokonaki, v. To be prepar- 
Tokotuu, s. The stakes used in 

the reed fencing. 
Toku, s. A kind of knife made 
from the common tortoise shell. 
Toku, B, To chop ; to smack 

the mouth in eating. 
ToVua, Used when addressing 
another, but without any de- 
finite meaning. 
Tokulu, V. To crouch. 
Tokutoku, V. To eat as rabbits 

or mice. 
Tola, s. The snout, the mouth; 
the native drum ; a play of* 
children ; the top part of the 
nut tree. 
Toleka, s. One kind of sugar 

Tolele, a. Purged ; afflicted with 
a purging. 

Toli, o. To gather, to pluck, to 
take off. 

Toll, s. The gathering of flowers 
for garlands. 

Tolia, a. Satisfied, pleased (the 

Tolii, B. To chip, to break off. 

Tolifili, V. To pick and choose. 

Tolilo, V. To hide; to put out 
of sight of others. 

Tolitoli, s. The name of a shell 

Tolo, s. The name of a fish ; a 
game ; a way of taking fish ; 
a throw ; the throwing over- 
board to lighthen the vessel. 

Toio, V. To rub ; to ignite ; to 
throw; to cast goods over- 

Tolo, a. Half grown (the yam.) 

Toloa, g. The duck. 
'Toloa, r. To cast overboard. 

Toloaki, s. A breed, a hatch. 

Toloaki, i v. To move; to 

Toloekina, / place in a different 
situation; to draw along. 

Toloi, r. To increase; Eo extend; 


to lengbten out; to crush; to 

Tolouoji, a. Destitute; neither 
in the house nor outside. 

Tolounua, v. To run a splinter 
or thorn into the foot. 

Tolounua, a. A sore caused by 
a splinter. 

Tolobi, V. To turn up, to disrupt. 

Tolofa, a. Wide, broad, spread 

Tolofa, V. To wear a dress long 
and spreading. 

Tolofia, V. To creep towards ; 
to get at by the sly. 

Tologa, a. Durable, long lived, 
lasting, jiermanent. 

Tologa, «. Duration, permanency'; 
the large stick used in getting 

Tologaki, v. To throw at, to 

Tologalu, a. Heavily freighted. 

Tologalu, p. To rattle in the 

Tologulu, s. A ruttling in the 

Tologulu, V. To ruttle in the 

Tolokakanoa, v. To pierce to the 

Tolomoana, s. A fish. 

Tolona, v. To move off in an- 
other direction, as a squall. 

Tolotalo, a A shrub. 

Toloto, V. To get entangled; to 
get within a net. 

Tolotolo, V. To throw repeated- 
ly and at random. 

Tolotolo, s. A cape ; a project- 
ing part of land. 

Tolotolofakij w. To creep along; 
to crawl with something in the 

Tolotologa, See Tologa. 

Tolototogulu, See Tologulu. 

Tolovaia, t>. To near, to ap- 
proach, as one canoe chasing 



Tolovcu, s. Light rubbisb« 

Tolu, a. Three. 

TohitoIUy s» The name of a shell 

Tolutolulmma^ s, A small stick 
fastened to the outrigger; a 
stand by. 

Toma, s. Pride, vanity. 

Toma, a. Proud, vain. 

Toma, V. To expect to do, 

Tomabee, v. To fall or bow 

Tomaga, v. To walk with ex- 

. tended legs. 

Tomo, a. Longer, taller. 

Tomo, r. To project, to jet out. 

Tomoi, s. Sodomy. 

Tomohobo, r. To fall and rise, 
as a vessel in a heavy sea. 

Tomokulu, V. To come together 
one after another; to come at 
different times 

Tomotahabe, a. Longest, tallest. 

Tomotoma, v. To swagger, to 

Tomotomo, s. The top of the 
canoe mast. 

Tomua, «. First, earliest. 

Tomua, ad. Early, too early. 

Tomui, a. Last, latest. 

Tomui, ad. Late, too late. 

Tomuhu, V. To speak ; to con- 
verse in a low tone of voice. 

Tona, s. A native disease re- 
sembling small pox ; the lumpy 
or rough part of tlie Feke. 

Tono, s. A kind of grass. 

Tonoi,} *• Adultery. 
Tonoa, «?. To part with foolishly. 
Tonoa, a. Vain, fruitless. 
Tonoa, v. To be adulterated, to 

commit adultery. 
Tonoi, V, To commit adultery. 
Tonofefine, s. An adulterer. 
Tonotagata, s. An adulteress. 
Tonotama, v. To adopt a child 

aiready adopted by another. 
Tonu. s. The name of a fish. 


Tonu, a. Straight, correct, free* 

from error, fixed. 
Tonuuli, s. A fish. 
Tonufagamea, s. A fish. 
Tonuga, a. Faithful, upright and 

Tonuhia, s» Justice, equity. 
Tonuhia, a. Just, righteous. 
Tonuhia, v. To be justified; to 

be clear from charges. 
Tonukuli, s. A fish. 
Tonumaga, s. Aay thing buried 

for a time, as yams for setting. 
Tonumaki, t?. To say and do 

unkind things to another re- 
peatedly. See Tanumaki. 
Tonumekina, v. To be buried 

or covered over by accident. 
Tonutea, s. -A fish. 
Totao, s. The name of a fish. 
Totao, a. Sharp, long, pointed. 
Totahi, V. To be lost at sea. 
Totakutaku, v. To blow in gusts 

strong and sudden. 
Toteia, v. To fall ; to die by a 

Totebe, v. To move quickly ; to 

bustle about. 
Toto, s. Blood ; the name of a tree. 
Toto, V. To bleed. 
Toto, V. To bend or stoop in 

Toto, V. To give the mind to ; 

to be absorbed with. 

Totoafa, s. A waste uncultivated 

Totoaki, s. Earnestness, zeal. 

Totoaki, a. Earnest, zealous. 

Totoaki, v. To do earnestly. 

Totoe, V. To groan, to mourn. 

Totoi, V. To leave a remnant. 

Totoogakehe, v. To act different- 
ly from former times. 

Totou, V. To paste together the 
FetaaAi with the Tau. 

Totofa, V. To walk as through 



Totofaaki^ a. Near; at hand^ as 

Totofi, V. To cut; to cut a 

second time. 
Totofia, a. Maggotty. 
Totofo, t?. To seek medicine. 
Totofu, V. To be supplied ; all 

to have a portion. 
Totogi, 8, Payment, wages, fee, 

Totogi, €?. To pay, to reward, 

to expiate, to fee ; to nibble, 

as a fish at the bait ; to change ; 

to relieve another by taking 

his place. 
Totogo, r. To spring up; to 

be growing, as the beard. 
Totoho, a. Streaked, plaided. 
Totoho, V. To drawl out, to 

lengthen out. 
I'otoji, V. To nibble, to eat 

Totoka, r. To sink as a sediment, 
Totoka, s. Any sediment. 
Totoka, ad. Slowly, gently, 


Totoka, a. Slow, gentle. 

Totokalihi, ) a i j i 
Totokalihiiihi,} *• A dead calm. 

Totoke, t?. To trip along, as one 
pleased with his errand. 

Totoko, r. To walk with the 
help of a long stick ; to push 

Totoko, s. A smoothing instru- 

Totoko, 17. To smoothen, to make 

Totoku, V. To eat eagerly. 

Totokula, s, A tree. 

Totola, a. Hard; too fresh or 

Totolo, r. To crawl, to creep. 

Totoma, v. To borrow adorn- 
ings for the body. 

Totomotuabaaga, v. To be all 
in earnest ; to do with all one's 

ToUmaj a. Lumpy. 

Totonu, a. Straight, correct, up- 
right, equitable, real, 

Totonu, .9. Equity, justice, up- 
rightness, reality. 

Totototo, a. Rfed. 

Totutubu, V. To set when sprout- 

Totutuli, V. To set before sprout- 

Tovale, a. Lost. 

Tu, s. The name of a bird. 

Tua, s. The back. 

Tua, s. One species of the yam ; 
the outside of any thing ; the 
common people. 

Tua, a. External, outward, ex- 

Tua, V. To push ; to drive 

Tuaa, s. The outside of the 

Tuaata, s. A kind of yam. 

Tuaeitu, s. A Tonga feast. 

Tuai, V. To push, to knock 

Tuai, s. A push. 

Tuai, s. Delay, procrastination; 
the back. 

Tuai, a. Slow, dilatory. 

Tuai, V. To be long, to defer. 

Tuaimeiuta, v. To be long or 
delayed but on shore. 

Tuaofo, s. The bend or curve 
in the end of Tonga houses. 

Tuaba, v. To bury on the cover 
stone of a vault ; to bury tem- 

Tuababa, s. A broad surface of 
sand stone at the sea side. 

Tuabeukai, s, A person of in- 
ferior rank who interferes to 
prevent the preparing food for 
a chief. 

Tuabiko, a. Humpbacked. 

Tuabiko, s. A humpbacked per- 

Tuafehuiua, a. Inquisitive, fond 
of inquiring. 



Tuahiy s. The name of a shell fish. I 
Tuahuoa, a. Injured by the back 

of the huoj applied to the yam 

in getting up, 
Tuajina, s. An.uncle. 
Tuakatoaga, s. A second or after 

Tuaki, s. Breeding sickness. 
Tuakia, s. The back of the neck. 
Tuakie, s. An inferior mat made 

fro^l the outside of the Kieuli, 
Tuakofe, v. To clean the en- 
trails of animals with any thing 

Tuakolo, s. The least frequented 

side of a fort ; that side of a 

fort which is defended by the 

sea or a forest, &c. 
Tuamafa, s. One kind of wild 

pigeon. , 
Tuamata, s. The outside of the 

eye lash. 
.Tuamataakif v. To close the 

eyes, to rest. 
Tuamea, s. The name of a tree. 
Tuamelie, v. To anticipate good, 

to hope. 
Tuanaki, v. To depend on, to 

confide in. 
Tuatalaeiki, s. A poor person 

who talks much of his relation- 
ship with chiefs. 
Tuatalamatagi, s. One forward 

with his opinion of the wind 

though among sailors, 
Tuatamaki, «?• To apprehend 

Tue, s. The name of a shell fish. 
Tue, V. To shout, to triumph 

Tueina, v. To attend to; to make 

much of. 
Tuenoa, a. Disconsolate, bereft. 
Tui, s. A king, a governor ; one 

who governs of either sex. 
Tui, s. Faith, belief, credence; 

the knee ; the name of a shell 

Tui, a. Believing, credulous. 


Tui, V. To believe, to crediTq 
to file ; to string as beads^ 
&c. ; to thread a needle ; to 
pierce; to perform an operation 
on the eye. 

Tuia, V. To be pierced .or 
wounded by any thing sharp; 

. to be seized by afHiction. 

Tuia, g. The attack or seizure 
of any disease. 

Tuiafala, v. To lie afflicted on 
a fata or mat. 

Tuiaki, V, To rush through the 
midst; to divide asunder an 
opposing army ; to tow a vessel 

Tuiaki, s. The individual who 
acts as above ; a rope in a ca^ 

Tuiekina, 9. To rush through. 

Tuiinima, s. The elbdw. 

Tuifakafakau, v. To yield an 
unwilling assent. 

Tuiga, s. A string of beads, 
flowers, &c. ; a wig. 

Tuigataa, a. Unbelieving; dif- 
ficult to pierce. 

Tuigofua, a. Credulous, un- 

Tuigutu, V. To pierce the cheeks 
on the death of a chief 

Tuigutu, s. The one side of a 
double canoe used as a paddling 

Tuikata, s. The name of a shell 

Tuila, 17. To make or mend sails. 

Tuitala, a. Believing, obedient. 

Tuitui, s. The name of a tree 
and its fruit ; needle work. 

Tuitui, V. To sew. 

Tuituia, s. Conception. 

Tui tuia, v. To conceive. 

Tuituu, s. Wreaths of scented 

Tuo, s. Times, used similarly to 

Tuo, s. A sudden jerk ; a strong 
and sudden pull. 



Tttoua^ g. The very fine mats 
from Samoa. 

Tuofefine, s. A sister (used only 

by a brother.) 
Tuoni, s. A single hair, thread, 

or fibre ; a gust of wind. 
Tuotua, V. To raise up with 

the back. 
Tuotua, a. Strong, too strong; 

not fine, as thread, &c. 
Tuotua, a. Dirty ; without a 

floor or covering, as a house. 
Tuotuai, f7. To be long, used 

as TuaL 
Tuotuabolata, v. To bulge out. 
Tuotuamelie, See Tuamelie. 
Tuotuatamaki, See Tuatamaki. 
luotuo, V. To jerk; to snatch 

oi* pluck suddenly, 
luu, V. To stand, to rise; to 

void the faeces ; to finish ; to 

be lit. 
Xuu, s. A white mattery sub- 
stance in the eye; one kind 

of the Kabe. 

Xuua, r. To cut through ; to Tuuga, Sign of the plural. 

grow double; to be in two 

]?uuau, V. To stand; to tread 

down the xope to which leaves 

are fastened ; to take fish. 
Xuuabo, s. About midnight, 
luuabolilolilo, a. Dark, thick 

Tuuabomalie, s. Midnight. 
Tuuabotakiaho, s. Past midnight, 

approaching day. 
Tuuaki, g. The lower part of 

the sail yards ; also of the Fe- 

Tuuaki, r. To carry a child 

about; to hawk for sale; to 

prepare food; to stand with 

something in the hand. 
Tuualialiaki, v. To stand firmly, 
ruualialiaki, s. Steadfastness. 
rufuava, V, To stand in the 

passage to seize the canoe on 



Tuuekina, v. To break ; to tear 

by pressure. 
Tuuete, v. To stand on tip toe. 
Tuui, s> The name of a large 

fishing net ; a present of food 

to the friends of a deceased 

Tuui, V. To speed, to hasten. 
Tuuika, s. A present in return 

for fish. 
Tuuihonima, v. To turn out of 

the hand ; to desert ; to give 

Tuuola, V. To walk and appear 

here and there as ghosts. 
Tuubou, \ V, To stand as 
Tuuboubou,/ a post. 
Tuububu, «?. To grow thick in 

Tuubuku, «?. To appear, as fruit 

on the tree. 
Tuufue, a. Without 

Tuuga, s. A foundation, a site ; 

a ladder ; a pulpit ; a pile. 

meanmg ; 

Tuugaa, a. Sudden, unexpected ; 

out of time and order. 
Tuugaiku, s. The seat, rump, 

Tuugafaha, s. The step upon 

which the mast stands. 
Tuugafulufulu, s. Mould. 
Tuugafiilufulu, a. Mouldy. 
Tuugutufaga, v. To stand at 

the mouth of a trap. 
Tuugutugutu, V. To stand in the 

Tuuhiuhi, s. A preparation of 

Tuuhuluni, r. To stand in the' 

shade of another ; to be hid 

by another. 
Tuuji, V. To cut off*, to reap, 

to defalcate. 
Tuujiuho, V. To cut the unbilical 

Tuujiuho, s. The work for which 

any one \a tvoXft^* 



Tuukauoi, v. To be at hand 

while another is distressed for 

the same. 
Tuukauga, s. The resting place 

of birds, a roost; the shelter of 

Tuukauga, r. To perch as birds ; 

to rendezvous near at hand. 
Tuukaumamafa, Oi Not quite 

fledged; without feathers; not 

full feathered. 
Tuukata, v. To cut short lengths 

of the kara branch for set- 
Xuukiaga, v. To stand in one's 

proper place ; to stand out of 

the way. 
Tuukimua, a. Foremost, first in 

Tuukina, v. To stand on end, 

as the hair of the body in 

fright, &c. 
Tuukofe, V. To erect the fishing 

rods in the canoe as a sign 

that fish have been caught. 
Tuula, s. A stick upon which 

birds are carried about; a bird 

Tuulaua, p. To be spoken or 

talked of. 
Tuulavae, v. To appear in the 

person of another, used of the 

Tuulea, See Tuugaa. 
Tuulili, s. One kind of the Xa6^. 
Tuulomia, a. Subject, submis- 
sive. • 
Tuulu, V. To fall headlong; to 

bow down the head ; to lop off 

the branches. 
Tnului, V. To change the dress 

Tuulutui, V. To kneel, to bend 

the knee. 
Tuumauy r. To stand fast, to 

Tuumau, a. Steadfast^ constant, 

^'lumalie, a^ Timely, seasonable. 


Tuumaleafiy «?. To do without 
consulting the proper parties. 

Tuumee, 9, One who attends a 
dance to take a part tlierein. 

Tuumilu, 9. To cut into short 

Tuumua, s. The front teeth; a 
principal person with a chief; 
the first or foremost. 

Tuunoa, v. To relieve nature. 

Tuuta, s. Rows, one upon an- 

Tuuta, f. To step ; to go on 
shore after a voyage. 

Tuutai, a. Goodly, comely. 

Tuutaifakakava, a. Good in ap- 
pearance only. 

Tuutaubeube, v. "To stand in 

Tuutauhoai a. Opposite, in a 
line with. 

Tuutaga, s. The neck of a pig ; 
a lump, a log, a clod. 

Tuutagamalie, a. Good in size, 
neither too large nor too small. 

Tuutajiba, v. To stand crooked 
or slanting. 

Tuutamaki, a. Untimely, un- 

Tuutamaki, v. To slant, not 
level ; to be in danger ; to be 
in trouble. 

Tuutata, t?. To make water ; to 
repeat after a short interval. 

Tuuteitei, v. To stand ready 
for a flight. 

Tuuteketekenaki, r. To raise 
by bearing upon the hands. 

Tuutui, r. To bend the knees ; 
to stand upon the knees. 

Tuutuu, V. To cut in pieces, to 
hack, to revive. 

Tuutuuaa, v. To do ; to do with- 
out intermission. 

Tuutuuata, s. One by himself; 
one without a defender. 

Tuutuuata, v. Tp stand exposed. 

Tuutuui, V. To speed another, 
to Vva^leu. 



Tuutaugataa, v. To rise or stand 

unwillingly or with difficulty. 
TuutuuhoUy V. To stand ready 

to abscond. 
Tuutuukautala, s. One kind of 

the banana. 
Tuutuulele, v. To stand ready 

to run. 
Tuutuumamao, f. To keep a 

respectful distance. 
Tuutuumouga, v. To be out of 

reach) as one on a mountain, 

applied to one who is screened 

by a chief. 
Tuutuuniy s. An appointment^ 

an ordinance. 
Tuutuuni, V. To appoint. 
Tuutuutaufa, a. Squally. 
Tuuvaka, «?. To sail in quest of 

any object. 
Tuuvala, v. To exchange the 

dress repeatedly (a custom at 

Tonga weddings.) 
Tuba, 8. A hole or opening ; 

an entrance ; the name of a 

shell fish* 
Tubaba, r. To beat with a quick 

Tubagi, r. To make a hole ; to 

tear open. 
Tubaku, v. To be burnt to a 

cinder^ as food. 
Tube, *. A thin piece of nut 

shell used in pitching ; a play 

of children ; pitapat, palpita- 
Tubei, ^ V, To shake off, to 
Tubetubei, ) shake. 
Tubekina, u. To be shaken away. 
Tuboko, r. To apply fire to 

parts in pain. 
Tubotubagi, v. To make many 

holes or passages. 
Tubu, V. To spring, to grow, 

to accrue, to arise from; to 

be caused to sprout. 
Tubu, s. Growth, produce, pro- 
ceeds, increase ; the groin ; 

the odd numbers in counting. 

Tubua, s. Any thing new of 

Tubuaga, s. The origin, source, 

cause, author, creator. 
Tubuiotua, s. A self existent 

god ; a god whose origin is 

Tubufakaholo, ) v. To grow, 
Tubufakaholoholo,/ to arise in 

Tubuga, See Tubuaga. 
Tubulaki, ) v. To increase. 


•' 1 

to advance, to 


TubunoH, V, To be without any 
apparent cause. 

Tubutamaki, s. Anger, displea- 
sure, applied to chiefs. 

Tubutamaki, a. Angry. 

Tubutomua, v. To be or exist 
too early. 

Tubutomui, «?. To be or exist 
too late. 

Tubutubu, «. Clouds that have 
a land-like appearance from 
tile sea. 

Tubutubua, a. Endless, for ever. 

Tubutubulua, v. To make a 
drivelling noise as children. 

Tufa, V, To divide, to portion 
out, to allot, to deal, to dis- 

Tufakautufa, v. To pay off in 
the same way. 

Tufdkaga, s» A portion, a lot, 
a dividend. 

Tufafakama, v. To divide out 
as balls of bread. 

Tufaki, V. To divide into small 

Tufaki, 8. Distribution; the act 
of portioning out. 

Tufatuha, r. To divide or se- 
parate to persons as they may 

Tufekina, See Tufaku 

Tufi, ) r. To collect together ; 


Tufitufi,/ to pick up small 




Tufotufa, V. To divide out. 

Tufotufaulunima^ r. To give out 
from hand to hand, 

Tufu, s. The name of a fish; 
water that is brackish. 

Tufuga, s. An artificer, a car- 

Tuga, s. A knot in wood; the 
joint in cane ; an insect. 

Tuga, a. Destitute; without; 
not possessing. 

Tugai, V. To hobble in walking. 

Tugaivae, s. The ankle. 

Tugage, s. One kind of turtle. 

Tugaki, V. To light & fire for 
guidance of a canoe nearing 

Tugia, v» To set on fire, to burn. 

Tugotuga, a. Knotty, full of 

Tuha, a. Alike, equal, opposite, 
in a Une with. 

Tuhani, v. To appoint, to pre- 

Tuhi, s. A fish. 

Tuhituhi, a. Striped. 

Tuhu, s. The finger. 

Tuhu, \ V. To point with 

Tuhutuhu,/ the finger, 

Tuhulu, s. A torch or flambeau. 

Tuhulu, V, To light with a torch. 

Tuka, V. To stand on a sudden. 

Tukau, s. A handle for the fish- 
ing rod. 

Tukaba, a. Distant, far off. 

Tuke, s. The knuckles. 

Tuketuke, v. To speak amorous- 
ly of gentlemen. 

Tuke, \ V. To be stript or 

Tuketuke,) made bare, as a 
tree of its brariches. 

Tuki, s. A superstitious practice 
. by which thieves, &c. are said 
to be accursed. 

Tuki, s. A blow, a thump, a 

Tuki, V. To strike, to drive, to 
drub; to make a present at a 



Tukia, r. To strike against ; to 

Tukia, a. Soft, bruised. 

Tukia, V, To stumble. 

Tukiaaga, s. A stumbling block. 

Tukibalagia, v. To beat soundly. 

Tukifakaaugafa, t?. To impre- 
cate extinction in case of guilt. 

Tukifulei, s. Onanism. 

Tukiga, s. The place or point 
to which a thing is struck or 

Tukihau, s. One kind of reeding. 

Tukikalava, v. To beat the body 
with the shreaded Kalava 
bound round the fists. 

Tukitala, v. To warn; to beat 
with words. 

Tukitalai, «?. To doom, to ex- 

Tukitoka, r. To strike while 

Tukituki, v. To strike; to wrap 

Tukituki, s. Short sticks driven 
into the outrigger, and fasten- 
ed to rails from the body of 
the canoe ; a pin, a peg, a 

Tukitukifao, t?. To nail, to fasten 
with nails. 

Tukolokalo, s. A preparation of 

Tuku, s. A rope in the canoe. 

Tuku, V. To cease, to desist, 
to adjourn; to let, to sufiPer 
or allow ; to bequeath ; to 
slacken, to let go ; to dye or 

Tukua, r. To excommunicate, 
to put away. 

Tukua, V. To cease, to give 

Tukuaga, s. Any place for stores ; 
the end or finishing. 

Tukuagakojoa, s. A store. 

Tukuage,j t?. To deliver up, to 

Tukuatu,/ give, to yield; to 
\ disenlVvtaX) to xeVft^^^, 



Tukuage,! s. Release, dismis- 

Tukuatu, J sion. 

Tukuaki, > r. To accuse unjust- 

Tukuakii,/ ly. 

Tukuaki. s. Crimination^ unjust 

Tukuekina, v. To be accused; 

to accuse wrongfully. 
Tukui, s. A bale otgatu or any 

Tukuigata, v. To work or do 

with all the strength. 
Tukuituha, «?. To place in a line 

with ; to put opposite. 
Tukuumu, V. To take presents 

of cooked food to a female as 

an expression of wishing her 

in marriage. 
Tukuba, s. The Tonga manner 

of declaring allegiance when 

war is expected. 
Tukubala, v. To let go or slack- 
en suddenly or too much. 
Tukubalu, s. A particular man- 
ner of taking fish. 
Tukufakaholoy v. To possess or 

inherit in succession. 
Tukufakakai, r. To do any thing 

trifling as a payment of a lost 

Tukufakalele, v. To let go by 

the run. 
Tukufala, r. To make presents 

to a relative near death. 
Tukufatogia, s. A general making 

of presents to a chief. 
Tukuga, See Tukuaga. 
Tukugakovi, s. One to whom 

roguery is generally imputed. 
Tukugamea, Bee Tukuagaioha. 
Tukugoue, r. To atone for, to 

Tukuhau, s. Tribute, finance, 

Tukuhau, v. To pay tribute. 
Tukuhaujia, t?. To be deserted, 

exposed, left alone. 
Tukuhali, *• A kind of sea ser- 

pent or eeL 


Tukuhua, v. To make each other 
laugh; to joke. 

Tukukatei, v. To reserve food 
while some present are hun- 

Tukuku, s. The name of a 

Tukulalo, V. To speak low, to 

Tukuleia, s. A fish. 

Tukumamao, v. To leave behind 
in the rear. 

Tukumiji, s. The name of a shell 

Tukutau, V. To follow all; to 
see all before. 

Tukutau talaga, v. To converse; 
to arrange and leave it. 

Tukutavahi, v. To prepare the 
kafa for a black dye. 

Tukutuku, V, To let go gradually ; 
to sink in the sea. 

Tukutukubau, v. To fix; to de- 

Tukutukutaumuli, s. A super- 
stitious custom observed on 
the finishing a new canoe re- 
garded as making it a lucky 

Tukutukutonu, r. To let, to drive 
right upon. 

Tula, a. Bald, uncovered. 

Tulaki, 1?. To push down ; to 
cut the hair of the Tuitoga. 

Tulalia, a. Disgusting, useless. 

Tule, «?. To nod as one drowsy; 
to jog along as one old and 

Tulei, V, To leave shore or an- 
chorage, applied to vessels. 

TuUkina, v. To push or be 
pushed forward. 

Tulelu, V, To be tired in waiting. 

Tulemohe, a. Sleepy, dozy. 

Tuletule, s. The name of a shell 

Tuletule, See Tule. 

Tuli, a. Deaf. 


Tuli. f. To cliase, to pursue. 
Tulia, V. To be chased, to 

Titliimui, V. To follow in siicces- 

Tiiliki, 3. The comer of a place. 
Tulitulihppa. v. To follow close 

to the hook fa fiah.) 
Tulitulita, V. To strike while 

Tuloaloa, a. Dull, dark, showery 

Tiiloia, .T. A sore. 
Tulolo, V. To stoop, to crouch ; 

to boil oil and other ingredients 

in making Faikakai. 
Tulotula, s. A wiir weapon. 
Tului, V. To drop into the eyes I 

or any wound. 
Tiilubeka, s. A shell fish. 
Tiilugahehe, s. A shell fish. j 
Tuluki, a. Crowded. i 

Tuluta, a. A drop ; a single drop 

or tear. I 

Tulutulu, s. The eaves of a ! 

house. I 

Tulutulu, V. To drop; to let in ■ 

water. ! 

Tfluveelei, «. A shell fish. 
Tuma, a. Slow, dull, applied to 

a vessel. 
Tuma, s. The louse. 
Tumomoji, v. To burn beauty 

m^irks on the body. 
Tumohokchoka, *. To cook food 

several times a day. 
Tumolele, v. To take up and be- 
gone in a moment. 
Tumu, s. An expression of sur- 
Tumu, a 

Tumuakiua, s. Double crowned 

Tumutumu, i. Peak, summit, 

Tumututnu, r. 'To express sut- 


. Soft, rotten. 

, t. The crown of the 


Tuna, s. The eel. 

Tuna, a. Great; large in quan- 

Tunu, V. To toast, to broil. 
Tunu, #. Food broiled or roasted 

on the fire. 
Tunuku, a. Dark, thick, as the 

horizon threatening rain. 
Tusa, a. Equal, on a par. 
Tuta, p. To be tired of. 
Tutaki, V. To cut with. 
Tutolo, *. A film on the eye. 
Tutolo, a. Growing, half grown, 

Tutu, s. The bark of the Chinese 

IVtulberry of which the gatu 

is made ; a shrub. 
Tutu, V. To beat the Tutu in 

making native cloth ; to burn; 

to set on fire. 
Tutue, a. Lean, meagre. 
Tutue, s. Leanness, emaciation. 
Tutui, V. To sow seeds. 
Tutu, > ™. 
Tutuu,} '■ The porpoise. 
Tutuu, V. To stand, applied to 

many ; to cut oflf^ to lop off. 
Tutuuli, 3. A shrub. ■ 
Tutubu, V. To sprout, to grow. 
Tutugia, a. Shrivelled, withered. 
Tutuha, a. Equal, on a par. 
Tutuhina, s. A shrub. 
Tutuhu, V, To point out; to 

speak suspiciously of another. 
Tutuki, D. To drive, to strike. 
Tutuki, See Takitttki. 
Tutuku, V. To finish ; to se- 
parate, to disperse. 
Tutukua, p. To doom, to ex- 
Tutuli, e. To make Speed, to 

Tutuli, a. Without sprouts, 
Tutulu, a. Not water tight. 
Tutulu, V. To drop; to fall in 

Tutuna, 3. The name of a tree. 
Tut una, a. Hard, lumpy. 




VTHE seventeenth Letter 
ft in the Tonga Alphapet. 
Its sound is that of v in var- 
Va, 9. A laughing noise. 
Va, V. To laugh and make a 

Va, g. The space or distance 

between two given objects. 
Vaa, «. A branch, a bough. 
Vaameiy s. One kind of banana. 
Vaata, a. Open. 

Vaavaa, a. Branchy; full of 
branches; open, large in the 
Vaayaakaka, a. Poorly, not well, 

(the Tamaha,) 
Vaavaaki, i t?. To incite, to 
Vaavaakina,/ abet, to encou- 
Vae, s. The foot; the legs of 

tables, &c. 
Vae, V. To divide a fish long- 
Vaeuamalie, r. To divide into 

two equal parts ; to halve. 
Vaeuamalie, s. Half. 
Vaefi, a. Close, no intervening 

Vaevae, r. To divide out. 
Vaevae, v. To run, to go quick- 

Vai, 8. Water, medicine, a liquid. 
Vaiata, s. Soup without fish or 

Vaiola, s, A supposed fountain 

in Bulotu where wondrous 

things are said to be effected. 
Vaiga, *. Play, sport, frivolity, 

Vaiga, a. Fiivolous, vain, trifling. 
Yaiffa, v^ To play, to trifle. 
Yaihu, «. Soups cooked in the 

native ovens. 
Yaihutagutu, s. Soup madef of 

a large Ssb. 


Vaiji, *. A warm drink made of 

Vailau, v. To talk ; to chatter 

Vaitafe, *. A brook, a river. 
Vaivai, s, A kind of banana. 
Valval, s. Weakness, frailty, de- 
bility, imbecility. 
Vaivai, a. Weak, frail, faint, 

feeble, helpless, 
yaivaiaga, s. The cause or place 

of weakness. 
Vaivaiatai, a. Feigned weakness. 
Vaivaiga, See Vaiga. 
Vaivaima, s, A preparation of 


Vaivao, s. Mist, dew. 
Vao, *. The bush. 
Vao, ^ a. Covered with bush ; 
Vaoa,/ fallow. 
Vaofi, V. To be separated by a 

narrow space. 
Vau, { rr 
Vauvau,! "^^ To scrape. 

Vagavaga, a. Open, net-like, 

Vagi, >v 

Vagia, V v. To swear at. 
Vagituga, J 
Vago, V. To talk and chatter on 

whilst none care about it. 
Vaha, s. Space at sea. 
Vahaa, s. Space; short distances 

between islands. 
Vahaateua, v. To be surrounded 

by those who are ornamented 

and prepared while you are 

Vahai, v. To separate by getting 

between the parties; to set 

Vahavaha, s. A fish. 
Vahavahai, r. To intermix ; to 

cause variety. » 

Vahe, «. A ctva^tex^ «w %^'C^^ss^^ 
\ a dmivoiv* 



Vahe, ^ V. To separate, to di- 

Vahei,/ vide out, to portioji; 
to deduct, to abstract. 

Vahega, s. A portion, lot. 

Vahevahe, v. To divide ; to 
portion out. 

Vahivahi, s. A fish. 

Vajia, V. To keep about the per- 
sons of chiefs ; to act the sy- 

Vajia, s. A preparation of food. 

Vaka, s. The general name for 
all vessels that sail. 

Vakai, v. To discern, to look, 
to behold, to take care. 

Vakai, a. Vigilant, aware. 

Vakafoha, s. A boil. 

Vakafokotuu, s. A boat; 

Vakavaka, s. The side. 

Vakavakaahina, v. To be carried 
on the shoulders of another. 

Vakavakaamei, s. A bread fruit 
tree used as a canoe. 

Vakavakai, See Vakai. 

Vakavakamua, v. To speak first; 
to be always ready with the 

Vake, s. An uproarious noise. 

Vake, V. To make such a noise. 

Vake, a. Grey headed, very 

Vakili, V. To lay open, to dis- 
lodge from a box or basket. 

Vaku, \ V. To scratch, to 

Vakuvaku, / claw. 

Vala, s, A dress, clothes, cover- 

Vala, V. To dress, to clothe. 

Valau, s. Noise, uproar. 

Valau, V. To noise, to make 

Valavala, s. The dress; the dis- 

Vale, s. A fool, folly, ignorance, 

Vale, a. Foolish, absurd, ig- 

Valea^ s. The skin of the Feke; 
T game or play. 

Valea, a. Abundant, plentiful. 
Valeiatama, v. To act foolishly 

from affection to a child. 
Valebeaita, «?. To be in the 

wrong yet angry with others. 
Valefakaaga, s. A fool yet fond 

of criticising. 
Valehakau, s. Used of a day the 

Hakau does not yield any 

Valetalavale, s. A foolish one 

speaking of others as foolish. 
Valevale, a. Young, tender, ap- 
plied to babes. 
Vali, s. Paint. 
Vali, V. To paint, to smear. 
Valii, V. To work at several 

things but finish none. 
Valo, s. The name of a shell 

Valo, V. To talk or sliout at 

Valoa, s. A sea weed. 
Valoki, s. A reproof. 
Valoki, «?. To reprove, to warn. 
Valovalo, v. To cry as children 

in pain. 
Valu, «?. To scrape. 
Valu, s. The name of a fish. 
Valu, a. Eight. 
Valugeau, a. Eight hundred. 
Valugofulu, a. Eighty. 
Valulouniu, s. A fish. 
Valumaka, s, A fish. 
Vamamao, a. Distant; separated 

by a wide spac^. 
Vana, s. The name of a shell 

Vanani, s. The name of a shell 

Vanahuhu, s. The name of a 

shell fish. 
Vanakao, s. The name of a shell 

Vanamea, f. The name of a shell 

Vanevane, v. To make a little 

less ; to take a little off. 
\ Yanu, s« A^d^e^lveadlong steep. 



Vanuto, a. Full of pits. 

Vanuvanu, a. Full of holes or 

Yatau, s. A quarrelling noise. 

Yatuke, «. The name of a shell 

Vava, s. The distance or space 
between any two bodies. 

Vava, s. One kind of the banana. 

Vavae, *. The cotton tree, cot- 

Vavae, v. To divide, to portion 
out; to bring together the two 
canoes in building a Kalia. 

Vavaga, a. Open, not close. 

Vavahea, s. A game or dance of 

Vavala, a. Old, worn. 

Vavale, a. Slimy, soapy, 

Vavalo, s. The note of alarm 
from old fowls. 

Vavatu, s. A shrub. 

Vavana, «?. To shudder, to tingle. 

Vave, s. Expedition, haste. 

Vave, a. Quick, expeditious. 

Vavevave, ) ri •«! 
V «. Quick. 


Vee, s. The feet, when used 

with an adjective : as, vee hoviy 

bad feet ; also, the side : as, 

vee hala^ the side of the 

Veefua, s. The elephantiasis. 
Veehala, t?. To step wrong. 
Veemoji, v. To go about, to 

saunter. ' 
Veetonu, t?. To step right. 
Veetuai, a. Slow in walking. 
Veevave, a. Quick in walking. 
Veevee, s. A wreath of flowers. 
Veia, a. Dead fish supposed to 

die from the heat of the sun. 
Veiba, «?. To contend. 
Veiba, r. To wash the hands 

with the bolata warmed, to 

relieve them from further tabu. 
Veifua, tf. Nuts warmed for 

Veikaji v. To contend for. 


Veuki, \ V. To confuse, to 

Veuveuki,/ jumble together. 

Vehoveho, v. To appear glad ; 
to express affection. 

Vejiveji, s. One kind of yam. 

Veka, s. The name of a bird and 
of a fish. 

Vekeveke, r. To be more ready 
with the tongue than the hands. 

Vekeveke, ^ v. To be first 

Vekevekemua,/ and foremost 
to speak or do. 

Vela, s. A burn or scald, a burn- 

Vela, V, To burn, to scald. 

Vela, a. Hot. 

Velevela, a. Hot from the sun ; 
burning; annoying (disposi- 
tion.) ' 

Velevele, v. To long for ; to take 
pleasure in. 

VelikJ "• To "ch. 

Veli, s. An insect in the water 
like the centipede ; the down- 
like substance on the reeds. 

Veliveliava, s. One kind of the 
stone for Makafeke, 

Velo, V, To launch, to dart. 

Velo, s. A launch, a throw. 

Veloaki, s. The first of animals. 

Vesa, s. A bracelet. 

Vesa, V. To ornament the arms 
and legs. 

Vete, s. The name of a fish. 

Vete, \ V. To seize the spoil of 

Vetea, / a conquered foe ; to 
untie ; to loose ; to disburden ; 
to confess. 

Veteki, v. To take to pieces ; to 
scatter abroad. 

Vetevala, t?. To beg the dress 
of another. 

Vetevete, «?. To untie, to loose. 

Veve, s. Rubbish. 

Vevea, a. Full of rubbish. 

Veveu, a. Bad, confused. 

Veveho, See Vehoveho^ 



Veveke, See Vekeveke, 

Vevela, a. Burnt, hot. 

Vevele, r. To long for ; to ex- 
hibit gladness. 

Vi, 8. The name of a tree and 
its fruit. 

Via, s. A tree. 

Y'j/ } o. Dead, stinking. 

Viki, \ r. To boast, to brag 
Vikiviki,/ of, to glory in. 

Vjki;iki.} *• B°a«ti"g- 

Viku, s. Wetness. 

Viku, a. Wet. 

Vikuviku, a, Rather wet, damp. 

V^ili, s. A gimblet, an augre. 

Vili, r. To perforate, to drill; 

to persevere ; to go quickly. 
.Viligahua, s. The hole through 

which the hua is passed when 

rowing the canoe. 
Viligia, V, To be blown away ; 

to be blown. 
Viligataa, a. Hard to bore. 
Viligofua a. Easy to bore. 
Vilihola, r. To bore the way out. 
Vilitaki, v. To bore ; to work in 

order to sink ; to persevere. 

Vilivili, s. The tail offish. 
Vilivili, V. To wag ; to move th. 

Vilo, "I V. To dart from th 
Vilovilo, ( hands with a twist 

to twirl. 
Vivao, s. A tree. 
Vivi, See Vio. 
Vivi, s. A grass. 
Viviku, a. Wet. 

Vivili, tJ. To feel; to be con- 
scious of. 
Vivini, v. To increase; to be- 

Voivoi, V. To wrap ; to adora 

war weapons. 
Volaki, r. To endure because 

of others. 
Volo, s. A fish. 
Volovalo, s. A tree. 
Vovo, a. Palatable. 
Vovonu, *. The name of a bird. 
Vu, s. The narrow end of a 

canoe sail. 
Vugakoto, 8. The step upon 

which the mast of the canoe 

Vuguvugu, V. To dress the hair ; 

to make the hair black. 




Aoaokimajijiva, Kiiid; thought- 
ful to the poor. 
Auhiaamotuafanifo, A phrase> 
one in trouble but expert at 
extricating himself. 
Abifaatoetuuaieteve^ An Abi that 
have plenty from their work, 
with the addition of fruit trees. 
Alaijiaalaikologa, Useful in more 
work than one, as one clever 
at sea and on shore. 
• Alualuimalataukimonu, To begin 
hadly but end well. 
Alualuimonutaukimala, To begin 

well but end badly. 
Vmuboulikaeaihoota, A phrase, 
divided in the dark, but not 
forgotten, having a friend pre- 
Utotaugamokumaokuua, To re- 
serve food for a future time, 
before all are satisfied, 
fiibikomoenifo, A phrase, mean- 
ing lazy in work; lazy with 
the teeth. 
Bikobikoikumai, To go from 
place to place, and fall again 
to its original owner. 
Faalafakataukihemuiulu, To seek 
through every place till we 
arrive at the right. 
Faimaietemeimeitagi, Generally 
repeated, used when two per- 
sons report their cases, and the 
one hearing is alike affected 
by both. 
Fagotafaikihekatoava, Literally, 
to gather shell fish into a bas- 
ket with holes, used in refer- 
ence to what is done with 
trouble, but in vain. 
Fakaitafaikitahi, A figurative ex- 
pression, to be revenged on 
another by punishing oneself. 

Fakauameamelie, To wish to eat 
sweet or superior food only. 

Fakabikoiatohovaka, To be lazy 
in that which must be done, 
and done by those who are 

Fakalaaijiamelie, The enduring 
inconveniences in the way of 
obtaining an object. 

Fakatatamalafaikihala, To be 
careless in not making suitable 
provision for the future. 

Fakatovakaakubolu, To give and 
again take back by force. 

Fetauiakubegatutui, The contest 
of two persons or parties 
equally strong and courageous. 

Fetoutoumoliliuaki, To wander 
to and fro. 

Fieuokaekaibo, To covet society 
but eat alone and by the sly. 

Fiemuaetuakimua, To attempt 
a trick upon one clever at 

Filihiamoeelili, To gain the ob- 
ject, though with difficulty and 

Fouinefai, A phrase, tantamount 
to, he has what he ought to 
have expected. 

Fokotuutuuafefiehu, Abundance, 
but nothing useful. 

Haihaijiakaeheia, To possess at 
home, yet go about as one 

Halaitagataia, To be destitute 
of a man for the purpose. 

Hiaifanakava, Sin or offence com- 
mitted where it is not lawful to 

Hiiigamotolukoemotutokanoa, A 
phrase like this, if not there 
where all was favourable ^uxet^ 
not Vvete yiVvet^ liWi ^^^'^'*fc- 

HinaaetouinohomohOy A jocose 
phrase, meaning that it i& long 
since food was cooke'd. 

Hogeamohoueiki, To be short 
of food, but enjoying the bene- 
fit of living with a chief. 

Holobetuuhekoegaluefaji, Tan- 
tamount to, be easy it will come 
to pass. 

Holikieutuutuihemaalautu, Any 
thing got by mere accident, or 
without care, yet better than 
what has cost much trouble. 

Jioaematakaehokaaetala, To talk 
of an absent person while a 
child or near relative is pre- 

Jinamutaefeogoogoi, To do, to 
take, without consultation or 

Kaihaatagitauloto, A thief who 
not content with a little and 
escape, waits to get a full load 
and is hurt or killed. 

Kailufahetuugau, To be eating 
crumbs and accidentally find a 
large portion ; to be in search 
of small things and find a large 
and valuable one. 

Kanakanafaikitahi, To trifle or 
act carelessly with what may 
be serious in its consequences, 
as going to sea unprepared. 

Kiamataealomua, To assume, to 
take the place or work of the 
proper person 

Kovijikogaoi, One lame or af- 
flicted, and yet wishful to do 
difficult work. 

Kubegaetautaukaefagota, Lite- 
rally the net is hung up, but it 
will be used again, applied to 
what there will be an opportun- 
of proving. 

Laukaufalelava, Proud; vain in 
more ways than one. 

Lautamafaikihefatu, To speak, 
to boast, of what is yet un- 



Loligaamotu, What is common 
or usual at the islands. 

Lujiakitaulaga, Safe though in 
trouble, as a vessel at anchor 
in bad weather. 

Lukiakafaikifiji, To challenge a 
superior in every respect. 

Mauetukukuoavemaatalanuku, to 
have but little, and yet take 
that little to one who has abiin- 

Maumauaeelilimoeloka, A phrase 
similar in meaning to, no rose 
without a thorn. 

Mafitokihaatuele, To challenge 
when and where there is no 
prospect of an antagonist. 

Malafaietagata, One who dies 
from his own misconduct. 

Malagafaiiheate, To speak or 
discourse when it is too late, 
having neglected the proper 

Malakinaamoojibo, To tread 
down but grow again. 

Mamaoafolau, Distant, but on a 
voyage, meaning there is a pos- 
sibility of again meeting. 

Mamaoahikuhikujila, A phrase, 
used in reference to persons 
or things distant but easy to 
come at. 

M amahiitabukakuoilo, The pain- 
ful prohibition of what one 
knows the advantage of. 

Mamahinoaagutuofuiva, To be 
concerned about that from 
which no advantage can arise 
to the individual; as the Fuiva 
chatters on the approach of 
the bread fruit season but eats 
not thereof. 

Manakoseamanakosau, in 
love with two opposite parties 
or things. 

Mataikafaikihebubua, To see and 
desire what canot be obtained. 

but useVeas, a-a ^^ ^ood wind 
in a toiiv aaA% 

Matakovikanaefiliekita^ Unhand- 
some^ but one of my own choice. 
Mataliuaifinekehe, To be ena- 
moured with strange women. 
Mategaivaokaka^ To work to 
death upon barren soil^ un- 
profitable work. 
Matematealiku, The calm or 
stillness of the sea at *the Liku 
where, though it may appear 
calm, there is always rollers 
and waves. 
Mohemohekulitafaga, A phrase, 
literally to awake a dog to be 
bit by him, used in reference 
to any thing one sets a going 
to his own hurt. 
!Neiakomaileekakau, A phrase 
meaning, do it, shall I be the 
only sufferer, 
^ifienikaenafaamui. Little now, 

but great after awhile. 
!Nofoiheabimolikaefuhala, To live 
where a thing is taught, and 
yet not know it. 
To live together for a length 
of time, and then find out the 
evil of so doing. 
Sosaaatagatabuli, To trouble for 
a short time and then begone. 
Taelagokeimamao, To prepare 

in time, to forecast. 
'Xaieokoatu, A phrase tanta- 
mount to, you will know here 
after it will come upon you. 
Taimalieatagatavale, To be where 
there is plenty^ but get no- 
Taufegogofaifuakiheulu, To aim, 
to desire one and all to gain 
the prize. 
Tagikevikiakaeauaekaiga, To be 
anxious for applause, though 
at the expense of other's pro- 
perty and lives. 
Takailalohakaga, To be so im- 

poverished as to eat filth. 
TmkttgaMbiwokabig To make a 

pet or comrade of one who 
will cause trouble and pain. 

Takagaatogiaki, To have as a 
companion, but to desert in 
time of need. 

Takitahaukuenefbnu, A phrase 
meaning, let each do as he 
thinks best and take the con- 

Talaafinejiikaikaimavivi, The re- 
port of one who tells what is 
right, but treated with con- 

Talabouliabuko, To backbite and 
be overheard by the party. 

Talabeituamamao, The talk or 
report outside. 

Talataefakaejia, To say and do 
not ; to say one thing but do 
the contrary. 

Taliaaumukabe, To wait for what 
when obtained is of no service. 

Tamajiiukeikiamaui, A child who 
dares to challenge a man. 

Teutokakakoetue, To yield to 
fate but to fear derision. 

Tefuaavakalautala, Clever hands 
collected together at any work. 

Tegetegautuakimamiji, A small 
bird carrying food to feed a 
large one ; the poor feeding 
the rich. 

Tofujiakivahaaufi, A part of the 
heathen ceremony at the Inaju 

Toleleiaeataata, The ^un setting 
in a clear sky. 

Tonuhiaaefaiekina, The inno- 
cence of an oppressed or 
friendless person. 

Tuakoeaofato, Near or related, 
but not so as to vjsit or con- 
verse with each other. 

Tubuatalakiatamaiki, To tell that 
to children you would wish 
kept secret or be forgotten. 

Vakakiua, Literally, to make a 
canoe of the shoulders, used of 
things carried ial^wA <iw xJjsfc. 

I ftliouVdeis. "" 


y O (.' A H Ij L a K \ 

oi nil'. 


spoKi.^ '^ 'I "T^ \\t:\ • • 

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r.- "I r. 

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G R X M M \ r I ( \ L H U L E 8. 


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(»r Ti.'. riiiriiAv MirSioxAuv sociriY, int':<r;;N, 

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■ 4057591 











The following Vocabulary owes its appearance to the 
liberality of His Excellency, Governor Grey, at whose 
wish and expense it has been printed. 

Although the Vocabulary, and still more the collect- 
ion of grammatical rules would have gained, both in ex- 
tent and accuracy, by a farther intercourse with the 
natives, yet it was deemed advisable to print the col- 
lected materials in their present shape, for these reasons. 

First : — ^that they might be placed on permanent re- 

Secondly: — ^to assist those settlers in Port Lincoln 
who may feel disposed to acquire the native language. 
In the more thickly populated districts around Adelaide, 
the colonists have less occasion to learn the language of 
the Aborigines, since the latter can speak the English 
intelligibly. But in Port Lincoln where the white popu- 
lation bears so small a proportion to that of the black, 
quite the reverse obtains, so that to establish and main- 
tain an easy intercourse with the natives there, it seems 
almost necessary tliat the Settlers should endeavour to 
make theniselves acquainted with their language. It 
would no doubt have answered the purpose better if an 
English-Aboriginal pari had.been added to the Vocabu- 
lary, but thi» plan could hot be adopted on account of 
the encreased expense. 

Oh comparing this Vocabulary with the one published 
at Adelaide in 1840, a great resemblance will be found 
to exist between the two, many words used by both 


tribes are identical : but by far a greater number under- 
go a slight alteration, subject to the following rules : — 
1. — The verbs which end with the Adelaide tribe in 
the syllables — andiy endi, ondi, assume in the Parnkaila, 
the teiminations — ata, iti, uti ; for instance : — 

Adelaide. Parnkalla. 

Kundandi Kundata, to strike 

Kaiiendl Kattitiy to bring 

Padlondi Padlutu^ to die 

2.-^In many words that in Adelaide be^n with a T., 
this letter is either dropped altogether ; as : — 

Adelaide. Parnkalla. 

Tidna Idna, foot 

Titta Itta, string 

Tikkandi Ikkata, to sit down 

Or it is changed into the softer consonant Y ; as : — 

Adelaide. Parnkalla. 

Ta, Ya, mouth 

Toka, Yoka, mud 

Turtiy Yurtiy arm 

Sfc. 8fc. 

In forming however an opinion on the affinity of lan- 
guages or dialects^ one has to look not only to the num- 
ber of similar words, but still more to the grammatical 
structure and idiom. In this respect the similarity be- 
tween the Adelaide and Parnkalla dialect is very strik- 
ing, as a glance at the grammatical part will show, and 
to this fact, it is no doubt to be attributed, that the Port 
Lincoln natives who have come over to Adelaide, learn 
to speak the Adelaide dialect in so short a time, notwith- 
standing that many words in either dialect are radically 
different. Under this point of view it may indeed be as- 

serted, that the dialects, of all New Holland, so far at 
least as they have been collected, from New South Wales 
to Swan River, constitute only one language, ^ as may 
be seen by comparing the different grammars and voca- 
bularies,of New South Wales, by Mr Threlkeld ; of Swan 
River, by Capt. Grey ; of Adelaide, by Messrs. Teichel- 
mann and Schiirmann ; and of Encounter Bay, by Mr 

Doubts have been expressed with regard to the arti- 
ficial and complex nature of the grammar of the Abori- 
ginal dialects, and it has been thought unlikely that so 
rude and ignorant a nation, as the natives of this conti- 
nent are admitted to be, should possess a regular gram- 
matical system.* This argument however is evidently 
untenable, for else it would follow on the other hand, 
that the most civilized nation or the most cultivated lan- 
guage must have the most artificial and complex gram- 
mar, which is by no means the case. The English 
language for instance, highly cultivated as it is in all 
branches of literature, has the simplest grammar imagi- 
nable, so that one might infer with as much reason the 
very opposite, viz : that the more a language is cultiva- 
ted, the more its grammar will be simplified, and vice 
versa. Languages are in my opinion not the product 
of human art, but the gift of God, subject to a certain 
extent, to the influence of time and ev^ents. This influ- 
ence seems to me exemplified in an interesting manner 
by the Aboriginal dialects. If we suppose what appears 
to be very probable, that the scattered native tribes of 
this Continent started from one point and were originally 
one tribe ; they would of course speak one language. As 
they spread over the face of the country they would natur- 
ally in the course of time more or less corrupt the pronunci- 
ation and change the signification of many words ; would 

* See Moore's Descriptive Vocabulary of the Aboriginal language of West- 
ern Australia. 


forget old and invent new terms for many things ; till at last 
the most distant tribes seemed to speak almost radically 
different languages. Hundreds and perhaps thousands of 
years may have elapsed during that process ; but no in- 
vasion of, or amalgamation with a foreign nation having 
taken place, consequently no fresh element introduced 
into their social life : their minds retained the impres- 
sions of the original stamp, they could not divest them- 
selves of the forms of their mental intercourse inherited 
from their forefathers, or what is the same thing, of the 
grammatical laws of their language. Hence the surpris- 
ing uniformity and regularity of grammatical structure 
amidst a Babylonic confusion of dialects. 

To those who may undertake tb study the Australian 
dialects from curiosity or philological interest, I dhoiild 
recoittmend to divest their minds as much as possible of 
preconceived ideas, particularly of those grammatical 
forms which they may have acquired by the study of 
ancient or modern European languages. In Which caise, 
I have no doubt it will be found, that the graminatical 
system of the Aboriginal dialects of New Holland is less 
artificial than novel, and less complex than admirably 
regular tod consequently simple. 

o. w.s. 




^ 2, {. 24, /o^ Mcentfttibii read aooenta- p. 7, i 

fttioD M 9,, 
9 4,M 24, ,» contain „ ooBtaini niO,- 

,9 4,M 24, „ contain 
„ 5,„ 16,26, geoetife 

„ ooBtaiof 
„ geoitiVe 

p. 7, /. 4, /or peng read pengi 
tt 9, „ 11, „ ooaleigas „ ooilesoef 
10,„ 10, „ genetive „ genitive 
1^» H 4, M cengagation „ oonjagation 




• » 



„ inoetii 
„ irataona 

1, /. .12 /or williti r«Af wiuiti 
1> fi 17, f, bakhata „ baklcata 
l>fi 29, „ pastfii „ poatfis 

2, „ 35, „ kano „ kaao 
3y „ 7, ., kallkarridni ^, kalkarridni 
5t >* 24, „ bnioa „ niona 
6y M 3S, „ pitraarri ,, Pitararri 
7* tf 1^> *f inoalli 

7, M 81* t> irataoD 
2f >» I, „ iraogatanoo „ irangotawia 

8, „ 12, „ iringtatarru „ iriogatarro 
8y I, 34, „ morla ,. mnria 

9, „ l4 „ father „ farther 
9« 11, ,,6&7„ kalkalkarrimatta read kal- 

,,12, „ 3* „ kaltirrtao 
., 12, „ 9, „ Dgkatao 
»» 13, „ 27, „ kairko 
»» 14. „ 28, „ ngokanao 
». 14, „ 82, ;, majrn 
»t 15, „ 7, deU or 
»• 15, tf 9, „ karkararkara^karkorarkaro 
9,16, „ 19, „ wforniti 
»t 19» ** 3, „ ngangkella 
„ 19, „ 18, „ kadlalyili, 
„ 22, „ 4, „ d«U not 
„ 23, „ 34, „ kattadia 
„ 25, „ 26. „ malla 
,,25, „ 29, „ mabinge 
.,26,,, 1, „ Dgia 
m26,„ 3, „top 
9 27,1, 4, deh have 
• 27, „ 16, „ mallaoga 
9 27, „ 22, „ Torramata 
„ 27, „ 24, „ deU (e.g,) 
,,27, „ 27, „ an an egg 

„ kaltirritao 
„ ngokatao 
,, karnko 
,, nijrttkanao 
„ mn^Q 

„ worniii 
., ngangkalla 


„ kottadla 
^, malla 
,, inabinje 
1. ngai 


,. 28, ,, 25, 
,. 29, „ 32, 


f» 30, „ 18, „ 
f, «"i »• 18i ,, 

,, 3u, „ m, „ 


„ madlanga 
„ yawamatta 

„ as, an egg 
„ marra kalta 
,» kartell 
,, mekalla 
„ te 


p 39, Ml, far mil iari, yarn o „millari yar&a 
„ 32, „ 22 „ mingkarriti „ mingkarniti 
,, 32, „ 28, „ the words : it jomps far, be- 
long te the preceding line 
y,32, „ 32, „ menka „ meoka 

„33, „ 9, „ parcbi Boakurnara read 

pardni ninkornara 
„ 33, ,, 18, „ miririki ,, mirriki 
„ 33, „ 80, ,9 mai makalla mai worna read 

mai mokallaamai worna 
f> 33, „ 32, I, mokajna v, mokanja 
„ 85, „ 12, ,. pinaare bairi mai read 

ptnnara bidoi laai 
„85, „ 21. „ read to be enraged from 


„35, „ 31, „ did 



,, 31, „ 28, „ netallo pira „ metnllu pirra 

„ 36, „ 7, „ karngnnga „ karokonga 
„36,„ 15, ,, markankiti ,, marknrkiti 
„ 37, „ 11, ,, nongkakka „ nangkakka 
„ 37, „ 19, „ marroba. .mirriyereff(fmaT- 
„ 37, „ 35, „ wiliti „ wiiti 

„ 38, „ 18, ,, wabmaoya ,, wabmanga 
„ 38, „ 19, ,, wabna „ wabma 
M 38, „ 25, „ n-e.rlje „ ngaityo 
„39, ,, 19, niurailye „ nimmilje 

„39, „23, ,. Dunkapalliti „ niukapalliti 
„ 39, „ 25, „ warnitao 
„ 39, „ 33, „ nirkiriti 
„ 39, „ 35, „ nitakaya 

„ wornitao 
,, nirkili 

,, 40, ,, 4, 


woman ,, women 

porn kaogkukka read para 

Dgangkarainyinge ., ngang 
,, acter ,, oySier 

ngallka ,, ngallaka 
ogallikorikariti redd ngaf- 
,,'43, „ 30, ,, parnkato ,, parnkata 
,, 43, „ 85, ,, dele strong, able 
„ 44; ,, 5, „ ngammama,, ngammanna 

., 40, „ 24. 

„ 43. ., 4. 
„ 43, „ 19. 
.. 43, „ 28, 











44, /. 24, /or Dgangao(;e r«ac2 nganganje 

44, ,1 28, ,, DgaoingaDiDgata read ngani- 


45, „ 34, „ Dgappiriti „ Dgappirti 
457'i«36, ,, Dgarkabakko r«ad agark a 

46. ,, 7, ,, paita „ paiata 

46,,, 22, ,, ngarramta ,, Dgarrarla 

46, ,,37, „ ogarrinjelboroiojell /ead 

ngarrio yet baniioge 

47, „ 3, „ ogarrinjfioyi ngakannao be- 
be read ngarriDyiogi Dgakaonao bebi 

47, t, 6, tt willitaona „ wittitaoDa 

47, „ SOi „ pulliDje „ pallioge 

48, „ 3. „ ogoeto „ ngolta 
48, „ 12, „ bollorki „ bullocki 

48, „ 14, „ yoa „ yoo 

49, „11, „ jataraoga „ yutaranga 
^t tt 4, ,, padlanyana „ padlayaoa 
^» »» 7, „ jarreyappu ,. yarreyappa 
^^1 If li tt extend, remarks read ex- 
tends, remark 

51,,, 22, „ marniti „ marnili 
52, „ 3» „ palta „ palta 

52, „ 22, „ florted „ fluted 
^3, ,, 6, ,, worra ,, warra 

53, „ 12, „ pappiranje „ pappiriioye 








i4, /. I, /or n^aaralla read ngaowalla 
54, ., 17, ,, mardiirinvi read mordli- 

54, „ 28, „ madia partatyanarMd kad- 

la partutyam 

54, .,34, „ Dadluo'atto,, nadlat'atto 

55, ,, 1, „ patbar „ pathara 
55,,, 5, „ kaaanno „ kaaanna 
56, ,, 35, „ padnato ^, padnata 

56, ,,36, „ pinba ,, pinda 
59, ,, 32, „ oinoi „ ninna 

60, ., 12y „ wayandatarra read wayan- 

61,,, 27, ,, m«Htated „ matilated 
62, , , 20, , , ka?o ., kaoo 

62, „ 32, „ tarkolla „ taikallti 

63, „ 33, „ pilla „ pilla 
65,,, 23, „ lovely „ lonely 

66, „ 12, „ worianaga „ wortannaoga 
68. „ 19, „ wanginia „ wangini wan- 

72,,, 24, „ walloUa „ willalla 
76, „ 85, „ yabmaona ., yabmanna 
80, „12. „ yaparnrnganga read yap- 

84, M 2, „ yawaaityao ., yuwaintyao 





The following letters are required to express the 
sounds and write the words of this dialect, viz. 


b, dy gy Uy ly ^W, Uy 7lg y fy Vy ty tJly Uj y W, ^ t/. 

Most of these letters have exactly the same power as in 
English, the only ones deviating are : 

G. which is always hard as in the English words, 
goody god; sometimes it is still harder, so as to approach 
the letter ky as in wang-gata, where the second g has this 
hard sound ; yet it would be incorrect to spell the word 
with a ky wang'kata. 

Ngy this nasal letter has exactly the same power as 
the English ngy in the words kingy wingy and the only 
difference is, that the Australian ng mostly commences 
syllables, while in English it is alway final. 

Ry has generally the same power as in English, but 
sometimes it has a very capricious sound which it is dif- 
ficult to imitate. To approach the native pronunciation, 
put the tip of the tongue to the roof of the mouth and 
then pronounce r dwelling some time upon it. By 


reason of this peculiarity, many words, spelled alike in 
the Vocabulary, differ as well in pronunciation as in 
meaning, as : 

yurra, man yun^a^ earth 

wirrdy scrub wirra, air or rain 

karra, high karray grass 

The words in the right column have the peculiar 
sound described above. 

Sometimes a subdued d is heard behind the 7% as : 

yurdne instead oixjurm throat 
ngappardni ngapparm. 


a sounds in most cases as a in are^ far^ but when 
preceded by the letter w it sounds as a in fall, ball, 
e sounds as e in when, men 
i '^ i " will, skill 

o ^^ " for, come 

u '' u " full, pull 


ai sounds as i in white, quite ; if preceded by w, it 

sounds nearly as oi in oil, spoil, 
an sounds as ow in vow, now, 
u sounds like the French u or German u. 

. The accentation of words is subject to nearly the same 
rules as in the English language ; dissyllables have the ac- 
cent on penultima, in words of three or more syllables, it 
rests on antipenultima ; as : kdtta, club, marniti, good, 
waydndata. The latter of these rules however is not ob- 
served in the conjugation of verbs which are apt to retain 
the accent on the first or second syllable of the root,even 

when followed by more than two syllables ; as ngukaln^ 
tyannay ngukaintyaramia. 

2._0N NOUNS. 

The parts of speech in this language do not appear 
to be kept so distinct as in other languages, many words 
being used afl? /iJi/wm either as a substantive, adjective or 
adverb. Thus for instance, the word paitya may be em- 
ployed in these three capacities : 

Paitya karata, to pick or commence a fight or quarrel 
Paitya yura, a hostile man 

Paitya palkata, to jump or run in a hostile manner, 
make warlike gestures. 

Nor has this language so many parts of speech as the 
English, the prepositions and conjunctions being expres- 
sed by small particles at the end of words in the shape 
of terminations or suffixes. In general and through all 
parts of speech, the Australian Idiom has a tendency to ex- 
press all secondary relations of a proposition or sentence , for 
which tlie English language has distinct words such as pre'- 
positions, conjunctions, interjections, auxiliary verbs, etc. by 
suffixes, as will appear in the sequel. 


In accordance with the other Australian dialects no 
distinctions on account of gender have been discovered 
in the Parnkalla language ; but it is characterized by a 
high degree of distinctness and accuracy with regard to 
number and cases. 

For the singular number, there is no particular form 
or termination, except that it always ends in a vowel. 

The dual number ends invariably in the syllables — 

Belli which are an abbreviation of the numeral kalbell^^^, 
two ; the letters k and a being dropped ; and the termi— - 
nation for the plural number is : rri. These two termL - 
nations are affixed to the simple singular, the final vowe=^ ] 
of which is always retained, as : — 

Si?ig. Dual. Plur. 

Yurra^ man. yurrnlbelliy two men. yurrarriy men — 

There is another form for the plural number whichim. 
may be properly called the intensive plural, as it is onl]^*^ 
used when a great number or quantity is to be expressed — 
It is formed by affixing the syllables, ilyaranna to th< 
singular, as : 

Yurrailyaranna, a great number of people. 
Kauulyaranna, a great quantity of water. 

NoTi:. — Observe that the vowel i coalesces with th 
final vowel of the singular number. 

This language has no declension of substantives ir»^ 
the common acceptation of the word, but there is a va — 
riety of terminations which supply the place of case^ 
and prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs and whicli, 
may be affixed to the substa^^tive, either in the singular,, 
dual or plural tiumber. The following list which is 
probably far from being complete, contain those affixes 
hitherto met with : — 

l.a — nga forms what has been termed by other writers 
upon the idiom of Australia, the ^^ active nominative 
cflw^," indicating that the person or object is acting- 
upon another ; wherefore it is always followed by aa 
active or transitive verb ; as : tyilkellinga ngai kunda- 
ndrru, i'e. Tyilkelli me did beat. 


b. — 7iga stands also for the ablative case, when it has to 
be rendered English by a preposition ; as : fnarrdlt/- 
inga ngai pittanarru kdnyanga, the boy me did hit with 
a stone. 

c, — jiga very commonly indicates the locality of a thing 
or person ; as : wortannanga^ in the sea ; karnku7iga, 
in the house. 

ci. — by the termination, nga is further expressed the time 
of an event, in which case it must be translated by 
the adverb, when ; as : panna ngultapanga mundulturri 
babmantinanna, when he (was) a young man the Euro- 
peans arrived. 

^. — nga very frequently denotes the reason of an action ; 
as : ngukatia mail madlanga, I shall go away because 
I have no food. 

^ •a — ru forms the genetive or possessive case ; as : inna 
ngankuru palta? WingaltarUy this whose cloak? Win- 

lb. — it indicates the place or object to which a person is 
moving ; as : ngai ngukata karnkurUy I shall go to the 
house, or home. 

^2. — ru denotes the purpose for which anything is done ; 
as : kalalta mankufatto kuyarUy dry bark, I shall take 
to fish, i.e. for the purpose of fishing, maiiru ngukat 
aiy for food I shall go, i.e. look out for it. 

7 . > this suffix forms another genetive case ; but 

seems to differ from the preceding one by indicating 
.the origin of a thing rather than the possession of it, 
hence it will have to be translated by the prepositions 
of or from ; as : paru kattika ngappardni, fetch meat of 

Hinaaetoumohomoho» A jocose 
phrase, meaning that it is long 
since food was cookeVl. 

Hogeamohoueiki, To be short 
of food, but enjoying the bene- 
fit of living with a chief. 

Holobetuuhekoegaluefaji, Tan- 
tamount to, be easy it will come 
to pass. 

Holikieutuutuihemaalautu, Any 
thing got by mere accident, or 
without care, yet better than 
what has cost much trouble. 

Jioaematakaehokaaetala, To talk 
of an absent person while a 
child or near relative is pre- 

Jinamutaefeogoogoi, To do, to 
take, without consultation or 

Kaihaatagitauloto, A thief who 
not content with a little and 
escape, waits to get a full load 
and is hurt or killed. 

Kailufahetuugau, To be eating 
crumbs and accidentally find a 
large portion ; to be in search 
of small things and find a large 
and valuable one. 

Kanakanafaikitahi, To trifle or 
act carelessly with what may 
be serious in its consequences, 
as going to sea unprepared. 

Kiamataealomua, To assume, to 
take the place or work of the 
proper person 

Kovijikogaoi, One lame or af- 
flicted, and yet wishful to do 
diflicult work. 

Kubegaetautaukaefagota, Lite- 
rally the net is hung up, but it 
will be used again, applied to 
what there will be an opportun- 
of proving. 

Laukaufalelava, Proud; vain in 
more ways than one. 

Lautamafaikihefatu, To speak, 
to boast, of what is yet un- 




Loligaamotu, What is common 
or usual at the islands. 

Lujiakitaulaga, Safe though in 
trouble, as a vessel at anchor 
in bad weather. 

Lukiakafaikifiji, To challenge a 
superior in every respect. 

Mauetukukuoavemaatalanuku, to 
have but little, and yet take 
that little to one who has abiin- 

Maumauaeelilimoeloka, A phrase 
similar in meaning to, no rose 
without a thorn. 

Mafitokihaatuele, To challenge 
when and where there is no 
prospect of an antagonist. 

Malafaietagata, One who dies 
from his own misconduct. 

Malagafaiiheate, To speak or 
discourse when it is too late, 
having neglected the proper 

Malakinaamoojibo, To tread 
down but grow again. 

M amaoafolau. Distant, but on a 
voyage, meaning there is a pos- 
sibility of again meeting. 

Mamaoahikuhikujila, A phrase, 
used in reference to persons 
or things distant but easy to 
come at. 

Mamahiitabukakuoilo, The pain- 
ful prohibition of what one 
knows the advantage of. 

Mamahinoaagutuofuiva, To be 
concerned about that from 
which no advantage can arise 
to the individual; as the Fuiva 
chatters on the approach of 
the bread fruit season but eats 
not thereof. 

Manakoseamanakosau, in 
love with two opposite parties 
or things. 

M ataikafaikihebubua. To see and 
desire what canot be obtained. 

Wl w^^^^^) ^"^ ^ %^od wind 


. — nga stands also for the ablative case, when it has to 
be rendered English by a preposition ; as : marraly- 
inga ngai pittanarru kdnyanga, the boy me did hit with 
a stone. 

— nga very commonly indicates the locality of a thing 
or person ; as : wortannangay in the sea ; kamkunga, 
in the house. 

• — by the termination, nga is further expressed the time 
of an event, in which case it must be translated by 
the adverb, when ; as : panna ngultapanga mundulturri 
babmantinannay when he (was) a young man the Euro- 
peans arrived. 

. — nga very frequently denotes the reason of an action ; 
as : ngukatia mail madlanga, I shall go away because 
I have no food. 

a — ru forms the genetive or possessive case ; as : inna 
ngankuru palta? WingaltarUy this whose cloak? Win-- 

I. — it indicates the place or object to which a person is 
moving ; as : ngai ngukata karnkurUy I shall go to the 
house, or home. 

;. — ru denotes the purpose for which anything is done ; 
as : kalalta mankufatto kuyarUy dry bark, I shall take 
to fish, i.e. for the purpose of fishing, maiiru ngukat 
aiy for food I shall go, i.e. look out for it. 

7 . > this suffix forms another genetive case ; but 

seems to differ from the preceding one by indicating 
the origin of a thing rather than the possession of it, 
hence it will have to be translated by the prepositions 
of ox from ; as : paru kattika ngappardni, fetch meat of ' 


4. — bidfii has the same meaning as the former, which 
seems in fact to be only an abbreviation from this ; as : 
ngadli kubmanna ngainmibidniy we two are of one mo- 
ther ; Tigai warra bidniy I am from far, Le. my country 
is far off. 

5. — dnima or 1 ^.i. i i v. i. 

J P > expresses the place or locality where a 

rdmnge j 

person or thing is to be found ; it seems however to 

be only applicable to proper names and pronouns ; as 

Yutalta yarridningay Yutalta is with Yarn ; kapmarra 

nunkurdninga ikkafai^ always with thee I shall stop. 

7 > to, towards : as : mulyadnuru ns^ukafai, I 

rdnuru J v ^ y 

shall go to Mulya ; ngaityidnuru ninna ngannaru kutta 
babmantini, Le. why did you not come to me ? 

This termination is also confined to proper names 
and pronouns. 

7. — ngunne denotes a motion away from an object ; as : 
karnko ngunne y from the house ; warra ngunne, from far 

8. — tarri indicates a direction, and must be rendered by 
over, by way of, in the direction of; as : tallallatarri 
ngukafarrinyelboy by way of Tallalla we shall go 
yarto yuwatao ijurrey Ihudla tarriy yonder stands 
the hill over the point. 

9. — mbay the meaning of this suffix seems to correspond 
with the English ward ; as : Kayallambay northward, 
to the north of. Wailbimbay westward or to the west of. 

10. — ditty dluy dliy thc terminating vowel of this suflSx 

always corresponds with the final vowel of the word 

it is affixed to. The meaning of it resembles that of 

the preceding suffix : — 

latadltty north eastward, or farther to the north east. 

'Wortattidliy farther south east. 

11. — ntUy expresses instrumentality ; as : midlanta wittiti, 
to throw spears with the wommara 

12. — pengL means for, for the value of ; as : gadla peng 
7nai nungkunannay for fire wood they gave the food, 

13. — yallani, on account of, about; as: warm yallani 
paitya nguiarritanna, about a kangaroo they quarrel. 

Besides the above suffixes, partaking of the nature 
or meaning of prepositions in English, several others 
have been noticed that appear to have an adverbial 
signification. These are the following : — 

14. — ngkalli, denotes a question; as: padluntyao wib- 
mangkalli ? has he died already ? 

15. — ndiy has an affirmative or corrobarative meaning ; 
as : maitya Kungkd nunko yunga 9 ngaitye yungandi, 
is Kungka your brother then ? my brother certainly 

16. — ho, signifies nearly the same as the former ; as : — 
Ngulga ngaitye ngammanay ngannako, Ngulga is my 
uncle, what else (should he be) 

17. — itye, the meaning of this suffix which is in frequent 
use it is difficult to describe : Mai ngaitye piilyo kula- 
kaitye, cut me a little bread pray. Ngatta yurringutu 
ngaituitye, I understand well enough. 

1 8. — anni ^ is of an entreating nature ; as : ngai inni 
mni > ngai inni nunghika jjajjpi, to me, to me give 
unnij (it) father. Innanni nungkukkay innanni, 

give it to this person, to this. This suffix may perhaps 

denote the dative case. 

19. — nda. expresses satisfaction or joy ; as : ngaitye 


ngammannanday my uncle (viz is kind or some such 
word is to be understood) palta ngaityinday my cloak. 

20. — IhOy means for or upon, maiilbo kanaturru^ he waits 
for fo od. Paltalbo kanatarrUy he expects clothing. 

21. — lla III lluy expresses a comparison ; asy like, as if ; as 
yuralla pony yerbatunnOy like a man you command the 
pony, Le. you speak to him as if ho were a man, able 
to understand you ; or : warm yantyimlli yarraityalla 
ngammatinniy you run so fast as if hunting a kangaroo. 

22. — indi or indoy likewise, also, with ; as : ngai Munni indo 
I and Munni, or I (am) also (called) Munni. 

23. — nganna ^ this suffix consists properly of two, namely 
nginni > ?iga (which occurred under 7iro. 1, )and 
ngunnu 3 the syllables annay inniy unnUy which latter 
answer in meaning to the English adverb along ; as : 
kaityarri mdlanganna mankukkay Le. take the children 
along in the path, wambiringinni ngukatiay along the 
coast I shall go 

24. — huntUy corresponds with the English final syllable ly 
as : yaltwru kuntu wanggakka ySipeak boldly. Parnkalla . 
kuntu wanggakkay speak Parnkalla. 

It is not necessary that the above suffixes from num- 
ber 1 4 downwards, should alway s be attached to a sub- 
stantive, they are as often connected with other parts of 
speech, generally with the last word in a sentence. 

Note. — Those cases of substantitives for which there 
are no terminations among the above list, as the accusa- 
tive and dative are identical with the simple nominative. 


The adjective differs with regard to form in no wise 
from the substantive, it being susceptible not only of a 
dual and plural number, but also of all the suffixes con- 
tained in the preceding paragraph. 

Adjectives may be formed of substantives or indeed 
any other part of speech, except the verb, by affixing 
the termination bidni to them, or dropping the con- 
sonent b, — idni. 

Kalkarridni from kalkarra, xviltyairidni from xtiltij'' 
arra, wiltyadlidni from wiltyadli. 

Often the vowel i coalesses with the terminating vowel 
of the word ; as : 

Yerkulliidni from Tjerkulluy yauulliidni from tjau-ullu. 

The particle bidni sometimes stands by itself as a 
distinct word, but even in this case it merely indicates 
some connexion or relation between the person or thing 
spoken of and the word preceding it ; as : 

Ngai warra bidni, I am far off, i.e. my place of resi- 
dence or my country is at a distance. 

Ngai yatta bidni, I just now of, i.e. I arrived only 
just now. 

Ngai par u bidni, I game of, i.e. I have been hunting. 

Another particle of less frequent use which seems to 
form adjectives is ?ido or nto ; as : 

Mannaiido from manna, p]enty ; paityando {rom paitya, 
fight ; walbunto from walbu, bone. 

A sort of comparative is produced by attaching the 
syllable lla. Hi or llu to an adjective ; as : 

Karralla, higher ; parrilli, deeper. 

It is not necessary tl^at the substantive and its adjec- 
tive should both take the suffixes forming numbers and 
cases ; it is sufficient if one of the two (which however 
must always stand last) is thus distinguished ; as : 


Mangalla yurarri irmamatta, friendly men (are) these ; 

Mangallarri yurarri inna maita. 

But if the adjective stand by itself so as to be descrip- 
tive of the subject and the auxiliary " is, was,'' etc. is to 
be understood, it then assumes the same termination 
as its substantive ; as : 

Nauurri irabukarri, kadla mllururri, the Nauos (arc) 
teeth rotten and long rumped. 


The pronouns form an interesting and very important 
feature in this language, showing a degree of regularity 
and niceties of distinctions truly surprising in so rude a 
people. They are very numerous, and since without the 
correct use of them it is impossible for a native to under- 
stand what is said, it will be advisable to give them at 
full length. They are naturally divided into three classes 
viz : — 

1. — Personal and possessive pronouns, the latter of these 
two being merely a modification or the genetive case 
of the former. 

2. —Demonstrative pronouns. 

3. — Interrogative pronouns. 

Note. — Relative pronouns their arp none in this lan- 
guage, their place being supplied partly by demonstra- 
tive pronouns, partly by repetitions and circumlocutions. 


1. — PEKSONAL PRONOUNS. First person singular : 
Norn. (1) Ngai, / 
Act. Nom. Ngatto, / 
Possessive Ngaitye, my 

Ngaityidni, of, or from me 

Ngaityidninge, zmth me 

Ngaityidniru, to or towards me 

Second person singular : 

Nom. Ninna, or nuro, (2) thou 

Act. Nom. Nunno nuro, thou 

Possessive Nunko nurko, thy 

Nunkurni, nurkurni, o/, or jrom thee 

Nunkurninge, nurkurninge, with thee 

Nunkurniru nurkurniru, towards tJiee 
Third person singular : 

Nom. Panna, he she, it 

Act. Nom. Padlo, he 
Possessive Parniintyuru, his 

Parniintyudni, of from him 

Parniintyudninge, with him 

Parniintyudniru, to him 

First person dual : 

Nom. Ngadli, ngadlaga, (3) ngarrinye, (4) we two 
Poss. Ngadluru, ngadlagguru, ngarrinyuru, our 
Ngadlidni, ngadlagadni, ngarrinyidni, of us 
Ngadlidninge, ngadlagadninge, ngarrinydninge, 

[with m 
Ngadlidniru, ngadlagadniru, ngarrinyidniru, to us 

Second person, dual. 
Nom. Nuwalla, nuwadnaga, (3) nuwarinye, (4) you two 
Poss. Nuwalluru, nuwadnagguru, nuwarinyuru, your 

Nuwallidni, nuwadnagadni, nuwarinyidni, of you 
Nuwallidninge, nuwadnagadninge, nuwarinyid- 

[ninge, with you 
Nuwallidniru, nuwadnagadniru, nuwarinyidniru, 

[to you. 


Third person fl«al : 

Som, Pudlanbi, (5) they two 
Poss. Pudlanbiru, their 

Pudlanbidni, of them two 

Pudlanbidninge, mth them two 

Pudlanbidniru, to them two 

First person plural 

Nam. Ngarrinyelbo, we 
Poss. Ngarrinyelburu, our 

Ngarrinyelbudni, of us 

Ngarrinyelbudninge, with us 

Ngarrinyelbudniru, to us 

Second person plural. 

Nom. Nuralli, t/ou 
Poss. NuraWxxYU, your 

Nurallidni, of you 

Nurallidninge, with you 

Nurallidniru. to you 

Third person plural : 

Nom. Yardna, they 
Poss. Yardnakkuru, their 

Yardnakudni, of them 

Yardnakudninge, with them 

Yardnakudniru, to them 


1 . — The nominative or first case of the above pronouns 
answers also for the dative and accusative cases. 

2. — The pronoun nuro, thou, is only used by a father 
and his children addressing each other. 

3. — The pronouns, ngadlaga and nuwadnagay apply only 
to certain relatives, as a mother and her children, 
uncle and nephew ; as : pappidnuru ngukaf adlaga, 
ngammd, to father let us two go, mother. 


4. — Ngarrinye and nuwartnyey apply to a father and one 
of his children only. 

5. — Pudlanbiy they two, is more especially used for hus- 
band and wife, for instance, pudlanbi padnamatiay 
means they two are husband and wife. 

2. DKMONSTRAVE PRONOUNS. Singular number. 

Nom. Inna, this ngunna, that 

Act. Nom. Innanga, this ngunnanga, that 

Poss. Innaru, this one's ngunnaru, that one's 
Innardni, o/" /Ai^ ngunnardni, of that 
Innardninge with this ngunnardninge, with that 
Innardniru, to this ngunnardniru, to that 

Dual number. 

Nom. Innalbelli, these tzvo ngunnalbelli, those two 

Declined in the same manner as the singular 

Plural number. 
Instead of the plural innarri, ngunnarri it is more usual 
to say : 

Inna matta, this mob ngunna matta, that mob 

Inna mattanga ngunna mattanga 

Inna mattaru, ect. ngunna mattaru, ect. 

3. Interrogative Pronouns. 
Nom. Nganna, who, what 
Active. Nom. Ngannunga, who 
Poss. Ngankuru, whose 

Ngankurni, of whom 
Ngankurninge, with whom 
Ngankurniru, to whom 
Ngannanga, in what, wherein 

Ngannalbelli, Dual. Ngannatanna, Plural. 

Wanna, which, Wananga, wherein 
There are no other cases in use of this pronoun. 



• The verb of the Parnkalla \a.ngii?ige consists of a sim- 
ple root which is always a dissyllable, except those that 
are derived from nouns or other verbs. According to 
the general tendency of the Australian idiom, these 
roots are susceptible of a variety of terminations, some 
of which constitute voces verbi or conjugations, others 
moods and tenses. 

This language seems to be destitute of Auxiliary 
verbs, such as : to be, have, can, willy ect, for the first of 
these, to he, the particle ta is often used in short sen- 
tences ; as : mantyarrl ta! it is good or well. When the 
sense admits it, the following words are frequently used, 
where we would employ the auxiliary to be viz. yuwata, 
to stand ; ikkata, to sit ; padnata, to go ; kariti^ v. to con- 
tinue ; wanniti, to lie down ; as : kutyo yurarri yarlanga 
padnatanna, the other men are hunting ; pallarri kangar^ 
anga karitanna, the women are among the kangara or 
grass tree roots. Another means for obviating the want 
of auxiliaries is found in the terminations iti and nniti by 
affixing which to adjectives they are rendered into verbs ; 
as : ngallanniti, to be great, from ngalla ; paityanniti, to 
be hostile, from paiiya ; waieriii, to be right or well, from 
waieri ; mantyarriti, to be good, fine, from mantyarri. 

But very often the auxiliary verb is omitted altoge- 
ther ; as \paru buka, the meat (is) rotten. The verb to 
have is expressed by the suffixes, ilka, having ; marraha 
and wakka, not having ; as : ngai paltor-marrabay I have 
no cloak; kayanilka padnatanna, they have spears. 

The auxiliaries shall and will are expressed by the 
future tense of the verb. 

The proper verb may, both with reference to form and 
signification, be divided into the following classes or con- 
jugations : 


1. — The simple verb, which may be either active or neu- 
ter, as : kundata, to strike ; yuwata, to stand. 

2. — The continuative form of the verb, vvhich is derived 
from the root by the addition of the termination, 
ntutUj and denotes the continuation or repetition of 
an action ; as : ikkantutu, to continue sitting, remain ; 
ngammantutu, to keep running. 

3 — The medial and reciprocal conjugation, signifying, 
that the action, expressed by the verb, has no relation 
to any particular object or that it is preformed by two 
or more parties reciprocally. It is derived from the 
root by the termination, rriii or ngairiti; as: yab- 
mirriiiy to abuse each other, quarrel, from yahmiti, to 
scold ; wittirriti, v. to spear each other, from wittiti ; 
millingarriti, to work, from fjiilliti; nungkungarriti, 
from nungkutu. 

4. — The causative conjugation which is always an active 
or transitive verb. It may be derived from any of the 
preceding forms, except the continuative by drop- 
ping the last syllable and adding the termination, 
ngutu ; as : birkibirkiringutu, from birkibirkirriti ; ngal- 
lanningutu, from ngalla?mUi ; ngamma/igufu, from 

Also adjectives may be thus made into verbs ; as : 
marnitingutu, from marnitiy good. 

Observe that this termination is only applicable to 
neuter verbs, if therefore the simple verb have an active 
or transitive meaning, you cannot form this conjugation, 
there being no occasion for it. It changes the significa- 
tion of the verb from which it is derived, so much as to 
require frequently an entirely different word in Enulish 
to translate it, for instance : yuwatay to stand, yuwangutu 
to make stand ue, to raise : WGrnili, to fall, worn'mguiUy to 
make or let fall, to throw down, drop. 
6. — To express the intensity of an action, the natives 


double the root of the verb ; as ; mumiimunniti, to 
breath quickly, pant. Tuttututturriti, to produce a 
creaking noise. 

6. — An other congugation is formed by the termination — 
nturrutu ; as : mankunturrutUy nakkunturrutu, nwigkun- 

The subjoined paradigm will show the conjugation of the 
verb, which is applicable to all the six classes just men- 
tioned. It should however be born in mind, that the lan- 
guage is as yet but imperfectly known, and that conse- 
quently many more modifications of the Verb may be 
used by the natives of which we have no knowledge 

I have noticed only three tenses of the verb, namely the 
Present and the Future which do not differ inform, the 
Imperfect and Perfect. The latter of these is made use 
of when speaking of an action as completed, while the 
Imperfect relates to past events. 

The moods of the Verb have always appeared to me 
as the most difficult subject, and I thii^k that with regard 
to them a great deal of information is still wanted. 

To show the application of the two nomitive cases of 
the Pronouns, I have selected one Neuter and one Ac- 
tive Verb. 

Neurter Verb. — Root Nguka, Go. 
Present and Future. Characteristic termination, ta, ti, tu, 

Indicative Mood. 

Sing. 1. Ngai ngukata, I go y ox shall go 

2. Nmna ngukata, thou goest 

3. Panna ngukatawo, he goes. 
Dual 1. Ngadli ngukata, we two go 

2. ^uwalla ngukamatta 

3. Pudlanbi ngukamatta 

Pha\ 1. N gar rinyelbo ngukata, we go 

2. N uralli ngukatanna, yoMg-o 

3. Yardna ngukatanna, they go 


Subjimctive Mooch 

Sing. 1. Ngai ngukara, I might go ov zvould go 

2. Ninna ngukara, thou mightst go 

3. Panna ngukarawo^ he might go 

Dual 1. Ngadli ngukara, we two might go 

2, Nuwalla ngukamara^ you two might go 

3. Pudlanbi ngukamara, tliey tzao migldgo 

Plur. 1. Ngarrinyelbo ngukara, we might go 

2. Nurallingukaranna or ngukarna, you might go 

3. Yardna ngukarna^ they might go 

Optative and Imperative Mood. 

Sing. 1. (Ngai 2) ngukai, let me go, I wish to go 

2. (Ninna) ngukakka^ do thou go 

nffukannaka ") ., 77. 

*^ 1 1 1 ., > thoushalt s[o 
ngukakkaitye J ^ 

3. (Panna) ngukawo, let him go 

Dual 1. (Ngadli) ngukamadli, let us two go 

2. (Nuwalla) ngukamakka, do you two go 

3. (Pudlanbi) ngukamai, let them go 

Plur. 1. (Ngarrinyelbo) ngukarrinyelbo, let us go 

2. Nuralli) ngukakanna^ do you go 

3. Nguka anna or ngukarna, let them go 

Imperfect or Preterite, Charactetistic Terminatioji. — na. 

Sing. \. Ngai ngukanna, I went or did go 

2. Ninna ngukanna, thou didst go 

3. Panna ngukannawo, he went 

Dual 1. Ngadli ngukanna, tve two went 

2. Nuwalla ngukamanna, you two went 

3. iPudlanbi ngukamanna, they two went 

Plur. \. Ngarrinyelbo ngukanna, a/<? re^^;?^ 

2. Nuralli ngukanna, ^ow went 

3. Yardna ngukananna, they xvent 

The imperfect has only the Indicative mood. 


Perfect, CharacteriHtic terminntion intya. 

Indicative Mood. 

S'uf^ 1. N*»ai ngukaintya^ I am gone 

2. Ninna iigukaintya, thou art gone 

3. Panna ngukaintyawo, he is gone 

Dual 1 . Ngadli ngukaintya. We txco are gone 

2. Nu walla ngukamantya, yoit two are gone 

3. Pudlanbi ngukamantya, they two are gone 
Plur. 1. Ngarrinyelbo ngukaintya, rr^ ar^ ^o//e? 

2. Nuralli ngukaintyanna,//o// are gone 

3. yardna ngukaintyanna, they are gone 

Subjunctive Mood. 

Sing. 1. Ngai ngukaintyara, I should ot would have gone 

2. Ninna ngukaintyara, thou wouldst have gone 

3. Panna ngukaintyara wo, he would have gone 

Dual 1 . Ngadli ngukaintyara, xve two would have gone 

2. Nuwalla ngukamantyara,yo?/ two wmddhave g07ie 

3. Pudlanbi ngukamantyara, they two would have 

Plur. I. Ngarrinyelbo ngokmniydir^f we would have gone 

2. Nuralli ngukaintyaranna or ngukaintyarna, 

[i/ou would have gone 

3. Yardna ngukaintyaranna or ngukaintyarna, 

[they would have gone 

Intensive Future, (3) Cliaracterlsed by the letter ng. 

Sing. 1 . Ngukangai, / xoill go 

2. Ngukanginni, thou wilt go 

3. Ngukanggawo, he will go 

Dual 1. ^guk'diigadli, zee two zaill go 

2. Nuwalla ngukamangka, you two xmll go 

3. Pudlanbi ngukamangka, they two zaill go 
Plur. \. Ngukangarinyelbo, jr*^ rrvY/g-o 

2. Ngiikangkanuralli, you zvill ge 

3. Ngukangkardna, they zc^ill go 


Infiultice Mood, 
Nguka} u, to go 
Ngukayuru, /b/* fo go 

Ngukantauga, in going 
Ngukanturlungu, in or during going 
Ngukaintyaranga,yi7r^oi/?g*, on account of going 
Participle. — Ngukan valla 


1. — Although the present and future tenses do not dif- 
fer in form, as far as I know, yet the natives make a 
distinction between the present and the future time, 
as appears by their adding an appropriate adverb> 
when the latter is to be understood : as : 7igai yata 
ngukata^ I shall soon go ; ngai kari ngukatay I shall go 
by and bye ; pityarri ngukatiay I shall go presently. 

2. — It is not necessary to use always the pronouns in 
connexion with the imperative mood, but only in 
those cases when it is intended to lay a particular 
stress upon them ; as : ngannaru ngai kapmaxra ngu^ 
kayurUy ninna ngukakka, why am I always to go, do 
thou go, 

3. — I have called this tense the intensive future for 
want of a more suitable name. The meaning of it is 
that the person, speaking or spoken to in this tense, 
is willing or resolved to do something. 

Active Verb. — Root witti, to spear. 
Indicative Mood, 

Sing. 1. Ngatto wittiti, I spear 

2. l^unno wittitiy thou spearest 

3. Padlo wittitarru, he spears 
Dual. 1. Ngadli wittiti, roe two spear 

2. Nuwalla wittimatta, you ditto 

3. Padlanbi wittimatta, they ditto 


Plur. 1. Ngarrinyelbo wittiti, «e^6f A^o^ar . 

2. Nuralli wittitanna, ^om fi?2Y^o 

3. Yardna wittitanna, tlwy ditto 

Subjunctive Mood. 
Sing. 1. Ngatto wittiri, / might or would spear 

2. N unno wittiri. thou mightst ditto 

3. Padlo wittiru, he might ditto 

Dual. 1. Ngadli wittiri, we two might ditto 

2. Nuwalla wittimara, you two ditto 

3. Pudlanbi wittimara, they txvo ditto 

Plur. 1. Ngarrinyelbo wittiri, O'^ might spear 

2. Nuralli wittiranna or wittirna, you ditto 

3. Yardna wittiranna, or wittirna, they ditto 

Optative and Imperative Mood. 

Sing. 1. (Ngatto) witti, let me spear 

2. (Nunno) wittikki, do thou spear 

3. (Padlo) wittiarru, let him spear 

Dual. 1. (Ngadli) wittimadli, let us two spear 

2. (Nuwalla) wittimakka, do you two spear 

3. (Pudlanbi) wittimai, let them two spear 

Plur. 1. (Ngarrinj'elbo) wittirrinyelbo, let us spear 

2. (Nuralli) wittikanna, do ye spear 

3. Yardna wittiadna, let them spear 

Sing. 1 . Ngatto wittinni, / speared 

2. Nunno wittinni, thou ditto 

3. Padlo wittinnarru, he ditto 
Dual. 1. Ngadli wittinni, we two speared 

2. l^uwalla wittimanna, you two ditto 

3. Pudlanbi wittimanna, they two ditto 

Plur. 1 . Ngarrinyelbo wittinni, we speared 

2. Nuralli wittmneinna, you ditto 

3. Yardna wittinnanna, they ditto 

PERFECT. Indicative Mood. 
Sing, 1. Ngatto wittintya, I have speared 

2. Nunno wittintya, thou ditto 

3. Padlo wittintyarru, he ditto 

Dual 1 . Ngadli wittintya, we two ditto 

2. Nu walla wittimantya, you two ditto 

3. Pudlanbi wittimantya, they two ditto 

Plur. 1. Ngarrinyelbo wittintya, xve ditto 

2. Nuralli wittintyanna, you ditto 

3. Yardna wittintyanna, they ditto 

Subjunctive Mood, 
Sing. 1. ^gfitto vfiitmtyox^, I shoidd have sj^eared 

2. Nunno wittintyara, thou ditto 

3. Padlo wittintyararru, he ditto 

Dual 1 . Ngadli wittintyara, we two would or should have 


2. Nuwalla wittimantyara, you two ditto 

3. Pudlanbi wittimantyara, they two ditto 

Plur. 1. l!^gdirnnye\ho W\i\miY?irQ>y we wouM have speared 

2. Nuralli wittintyaranna or wittintyarna, you ditto 

3. Yardna wittintyaranna or wittintyarna, they 

Intensive Future. 
Sing. 1 . Wittingatto, / will spear 

2. Wittingunno, thou wilt ditto 

3. Wittingarru, he will ditto 

Dual 1 . Wittingadli, we two will spear 

2. Nuwalla wittimangka, yoit two ditto 

3. Pudlanbi wittimangka, they two ditto 

Plur. 1 . Wittinggarrinyelbo, we will spear 

2. Wittingka nuralli, you ditto 

3. Wittingardna, they ditto 

Infinitive Mood Participle 

Wittiyi, to spear Wittinyalla, spearing 

Wittiyurii,/or to spear 


Wittilidni 1 
Wittilambo I 'P''"'''''^ 

Wittintingi, in spearing 
Wittinturlungu, during spearing 
Wittintyaranga, /*ar, on account oj spearing 

In the above paradigms the pronouns have been 
placed before the verb to show the full form of both 
verbs and pronouns ; but the natives very commonly 
pronouce the pronoun after the verb and more or less 
contract the two into one word, as will be seen from the 
following specimen : 

Sing. I . Ngukatai or ngu- 

katia, I go or shall go 

2. Ngukatinni, thougoest 

3. Ngukatao, he goes 
Dual 1. Ngukatadli 

2. Ngukatuwalla 

Plur. 1 . Ngukatarrinyelbo, we go 1 . wittitarrinyelbo 

2. Ngukaturalli, you go 2. wittituralli 

3. Ngukatardna, the// go 3. wittitardna 

The other tenses to be formed in a similar mannner. 
The following terminations which can only be con- 
nected with the verb, seem to be here in their proper 
place, viz. 

1. — alka ^ are often attached to the imperative mood 
ilki > with intensive meanino: ; as : ngukaiilki, let 
ulku ) me go, or I will certainly go ; kambarrulku, 
let him cook, i.e. he shall or must do it. 

2. — adla ^ may be affixed to any form of the verb, to 
idli > signify the doubtfulness of what one says : 
udlu 3 ^s : ngukaintyannadla^ perhaps they are gone 

Innaityinge pony padnatawudluy it may be that the 

horse is here. 


1. wittitatto, I spear 

or shall spear 

2. wittitunno 

3. wittitarru 

1. wittitadli 

2. wittituwalla 





A, 6 or Awo, adr. yes, just so 


Ba-ata, }\a, to scrape ; plain ; as a spear or skin 

babmata, v, to rise ; come up 

babmababmata, v. ditto mudla bahmababmata, to sneeze 

babmantiti, v. to come ; return 

bakka, as kurdli bakka, a stunted kind of she oak 

bakkalla, s. hoar frost 

bakkam^a, adj. full, as worna bakkamba belly full,satisfied 

bakkambiti, v. to be full 

bakkanbata, v.a. to dig round, lay bare by digging as 
yadlanna bakkanbata, to bare the root of a tree 

bakkanna-williti, to pierce ; spear 

bakkarra, s, lump ; clod ; ^?^yurra bakkarra a clod of earth 

bakkarta, adj. sore ; festering ; as mena bakkarta^ having 
sore eyes 

bakkartaiigata, v, to canter ; gallop 

bakhata, bakkata, v. ditto 

bakkcbakkiti, s, knife; chisel; consisting in ashprp edg- 
ed piece of quartz joined to the end of a stick 

bakkubakku, s. a species of bird ; Bell bird 

bakkujlu, adv. onward ; along ; as ngai bakkidlu, I along, 
i.e. I will go with you 

bakkullu, pastfix, this side of; as yakkalla bakknlluy on 
this side of the island 

bakkullumbo, ditto 

baku, s. the .point or catch of the midla or zcommara thdit 

fits into a hole at the butt end of a spear 
bakukku, inter j. behold; look there; as bakukku kaya 

yapurubidni paru ngarr'inyurUy kaiiya ! behold child ! the 

game is ours, being hit by the spear 
bamba or bamballa, without 
bamburriti, v. to stand still ; be stationary ; as wariyoko 

hamburritawo miirdliringi, the ship is stationary in the 

bammallammalliti, v. to break out ; form eruptions on 

the skin 

bathubathutu, t\ to shake out ; empty a bag 

batta, s. a species of grub 

battara, s. a species of gum tree, commonly called scrub- 
by gum, being very crooked and unsightly 

battara yurrarri, the appellation of a native tribe, so 
called from their country abounding with the scrubby 

battata, v. a. to drive away ; scare off 
battabattarriti, v. to disperse 

battarriti, v. as metye yurringi kutta battarritao, the 
name remains not in the ear ; i.e. I have forgot it 

battiti, V. to wake ; rouse from sleep 
bau-urru, s. pot; kettle ; any large sized vessel 
bebi, s. egg ; any jelly like substance, as the brain, mar- 
row, &c. 

beku, s. eyebrow 

beku walbara, pert ; impudent 

beku walbo, eyebrow strong ; i.e. not sleepy 

bidla, adj. & 5.dry, hard, any dry substance, as rind, crust 

bidlangarriti, v. to walk slowly ; tarry 

bidlata, v. to cut ; scrape 

bidlyo, s. the white female grub of a species of ants 

eaten by the natives 
bidna, adj. permanent ; as bidna kano permanent water 
bidni, an affix, which when attached to nouns and other 

parts of speech gives them the power of an adjective as 

karnkurtu bidni yura, a man of the boat or ship, a 
sailor, from karnkurtu, a boat 

yerkuUiidni yura, an ancient man ; ancestor from 
yerkulluy before 

wiltyaridni, of yesterday, from wiltyara^ yesterday 

kallkarridni, of old, from kalkarra, a long time ago 

yatanyariidni, of to day, from yatanyaru, to day 
*^it'*'Observe that in most instances the first conso- 
nant of the affix is dropped. 
oila or gadla bila, s. charcoal 
birka, adj. ripe 

birka, s. stick ; end, as gadla birka, fire stick 
birki, s. light ; as pirra birkingi, by moon light 
birki birki, adj. piece meal, consisting of many small pieces 
birkibirkiringutu, v. to break in pieces ; spill 
birkibirkirriti, v. to crumble to pieces 
birri or marra birri, finger nail ; claw 
bithu, s. a species of redbill ; said to accompany the 

souls of the departed on their flight to the islands 
boka, s. steam ; breath ; as ya boka, breath of the mouth 
bokalla, s. a species of ant, often called bokalla wipa 
bokirri, .9. anything to rest one's feet upon, hence it is 

applied to shoes and boots 
budlu, Lipson's Cove 
budnata, v. to come ; return 
buka, adj. old ; rotten ; offensive 
bukanniti, v. to decay ; putrefy 
bukalla, s. a fatherless orphan ; a person bereft of his 

bukarra, s. fine weather ; hot weather 
bukkininye, adj. of old ancient 
bulka, old ; aged ; an old man ; an old kangaroo 
bulta, s. flesh ; meat ; also, the pulse 
bulta wappirritao, the pulse beating is 
bumba, adj. thick ; large ; full ; as kanti bumba having a 

stout leg 

bumbabumbaningiitu, v.a. to enlarge 

bumbara, adj. plentiful ; abundant 

bumbarriti v. to be plentiful ; abound 

buntft^ s. a species of mouse 

buntunniti, v. to blow with the mouth 

bunturarriti, v. ditto 

burkalla, v. the stretching of one's limbs 

burkata, v, to throw water ; to sprinkle 

burko, s. dew 

burtu, adj. short : stunted 

burtu, adj. done ; sufficiently cooked. There is a scarce- 
ly perceptable difference of pronunciation between 
these two words. 

butta, s. womb 

butti, s. hair ; fur ; as pilla butti, oppossum hair 


Gadla, s. fire ; wood ; fuel 
gadla bila, s. charcoal 
gadlaira, adj. hot ; heated by fire 

gadla gudna, s. the clouds of smoke produced by a run- 
ning fire 
gadla marraba, without fire 
gadla murru, s. embers ; ashes 
gadla puyu, s. fire smoke 
gadla walba, s. small wood : branches 
gadla yadlu, s. fire flame 
gadla yaltata s. light ; candle 


la, iandi or ya, yandi, yes, so it is 

ia ta, s. North East country or coast. The natives of 
Port Lincoln have four distinct words in their lan- 
guage descriptive of the bearings of their Peninsular 
country, and totally unconnected with the directions 
of the heavens. They are : — 
lata, North E^st coast and country 

worrtatti. South East country 
wailbi. South West country 
kayalla. North Western, and Northern country 
They use entirely different words to express the direc- 
tions of the winds, 
ibirri, s. a small species of lizard, said to have separated 
the sexes* The women call it by the name of waka ; 
whenever one of these little animals makes its appear- 
ance, it usually is the cause of merriment and jokes 
ibma, adj. green ; raw 
idla, adj. light colored 
idla, s. or idla wadlata, branch ; twig ; bush 
idli, part of the abdomen ; as worna idli 
idlya, s. hamstring 
idna s. foot 

idnambata v. to approach softly ; walk on tiptoe 
idni, round about ; out of the way 
idnawardnu, s. heel 
idnidlyi, s, a kind of fungus 
idnya, s. a cat ; wild and European 
idnyalla, s. flank; groin 
ika, obstructed, as mudla ikd, having an obstruction in 

the nose ; speaking through the nose 
ikara, a negative affix y not so; not it; as nnina ngarra 

wanggata, you tell a lie ; ngarra-ikara, it is no lie • 
ikarniti v. expresses the rapid motion of a spear ; to fly, 

as mirra ikarnitao kaya, swiftly flies the spear 
ikkata, v. to sit ; dwell ; live 
ikkantutu, v. intens. ditto ; to remain ; stay 
ilari, adj. strange; unknown 
ilga, s. a prickly kind of shrub ; thorn 
ilga ilga, adj. pretty ; fine with respect to personal ap- 
ilgaringutu, v. to track 
ili, s. lap; womb. 

iliti, postfix, on account ; for the purpose of ; as birkiti 
iliti wara karfikungu wannitanna 


ilka, affix having, possessing, as kaya ilka, provided with 
spears ; armed, kakka ilka, having a head, i.e. obstinate 

ilk anna, ditto 

ilkari, sky or ether 

ilkata, v. to look askance ; scowl 

ilkaringutu, v. to envy 

ilki ilki, among ; as nauurri ilki-ilki among the Nauos 

ilkiri, as kaya ilkiri 

ilia, adj. ready ; prepare d,27/flj maiy food ready to be eaten 

ilia, not hitting or not killing the game aimed at, as ilia 
wittitiy V. to throw a spear past the object ; miss 
ilia nungkutu v. to shoot past ; miss 

ilpi, or oftener plur. ilpirri, drops ; as mena ilphTt eye 
drops, i.e. tears ; kauo ilpirri, rain drops 

ilta, or^ choked ; full with ; as mudla kummpi iltalla, the 

iltalla J nose is choked with mucus 

iltalliti, V. to be choked ; breath heavily 

iltya, s. muscle ; sinew ; vein, kauo iltya, water vein, i.e. 
spring; streamlet 

iltyarreri, s. crevice ; crack 

iltyi-iltyiti, v. to hiss like boiling water 

illyirriltyirriti, v. ditto 

ilya, adj. loose ; open, as ilya ngutaka, cast loose 

ilya, s. an opening ; open place ; passage 

imbanna, s. ashes 

imini, adj. sacred ; forbidden ; anything that must not 
be seen , said, or touched, is imini. The ceremonies of 
bleeding, circumcising, tattooing, &c. are imini ; with 
regard to women and children, they being on no ac- 
count allowed to see them. 

inata, v. to sink in ; bog; stick fast, as warm inata 

Tnadlyanga, the kangaroo sticks fast in the mud 
inba, straight ; as inharri yuwaiannapitraarri, the soldiers 

form a line 
inbarriti, v to be in a line with another object, or to be 

close to it 
inda, adj. 8f s. bloody ; wounded ; shattered ; wound ; 

abscess, as inda nallatay v. to crush ; kill, inda kambata 
to foment a wound 
indirrindirriti, v. to creak ; to produce a creaking noise 
2ndo, affix, likewise ; also ; as ngaipiri indo I (am called) 

piri likewise 
ini, s. a pointed bone used as a needle or awl 
inki or inkirri, in a circle ; in a row ; as inkirri yurarri 

ikkitajma, the men are sitting in a circle 
inna^ pron. dem. this ; that 
innaitye, ditto 
innaityinge, in this ; here 
innarra, there 
innarambo, there along 
innaru, gen. case, this person's, his 
innelli, tired, as innulli yura ngukatao wittintyaram/a, a 

man becomes tired by diggigg 
inninye, s. rib 

inyalla, s. a species of burrowing animal 
ipi, ad;, alive ; living 
ipinniti, s. to be alive ; live 
ipillippilli s. bell 
ira, s. tooth 
ira buka, decayed teeth, having a smelling breath ; as 

nauurri irabiikarri kuyfJndnarri, i.e. the Nauo people 

have an offensive breath, being fish eaters. 
iralbo, adj. sharp, having a sharp and hard point as the 

spear when hardened in hot ashes 
irallu. s. black cockatoo 
irapa, adj. sharp edged 
irata, v. to keep off; defend ; protect, as kutyu yuramnge 

iratann " winni winni '' wanggainiyaranga^ the other 

men keep us off by saying ''winni winni." 

ngarrinyelbo nimia iratanna^ we will defend you 
irangarriti, v. to disengage oneself 
irangutu, v.a. to protect ; defend ; claim, as ngaitye 

karnko kutta irangukka, my house do not defend, i.e. 

do'nt keep oUher people away from it, Mundulturringe 


irangutannn yei^ta. the Europeans protect or claim the 

iraworta, s. jaw, gum 
irbi, s. information ; news ; message 
irbi kattiti, v. a. to carry a message 
irbi wanggatta, v,a. to deliver a message 
irebilye, s. cockroach 
irerinye, .s a species of sea bird 
iridniti, v. to separate \bulloki iridnitana 
iridningutu, v. a. as karpanga iridningutu adli 
iri, irinnirinni 
iriti, V. to move •, be m(>ving ; shift ; as pallarri iringtu^ 

tarru yuranga yadni : karra pudnuru irikanna. A man 

bids the woman to move thus : remove tip to the scrub 
irirriti, v. to keep moving or shifting ; be restless - 
irkanda, s. scrub 

irkarra, s. bush : layer of the wallaby 
irkelli, s. salt 
irpata^ v,a. to rub ; file ; saw ; wallaranga irpata, to cut 

with a saw ; to say sharp or witty things ; to fop ; joke; 

tease ; as pallani irpatanna, they fop with the women 
irparriti. v. to fop each other ; joke 
irri, adj. clean 

irrinniti, v. to be clean * 

irrinnignutu, v.a. to make clean ; purefy 
irta, s, bird generally 
ita, s. shag 

ita wadlata, s. a kind of shrub 
italla, s. a burrowing animal ; rat 
itha, pron. dem. that 
ithara, there 
itharu, thither 
iti, s. the jugular vein 
iti, a.spillariti, itiwortalbo, as ngai iti wortalbo mat murlu 

itinya, s. granite 
itirriti, s, to be dejected, or in a pet ; as karnhanga 

itirritao ywa, a man is dejected when hungry. 


Kabmi^ ddj. as kabmi pcdkara, a species of Eucalyptus 

kabminye, s. morning star 

kabmiti^ adj. wise^ aware^ knowing, as ngai kabmiti, I 

(am) aware 
kabmirriti, v. to get better, convalesec 
kabmititi, v. to become wise, learn 
kadalyili, s. a species of shark 
kadla, s. tail 

kadlarti, s. flesh fly, maggot 

kadlayini s. a species of fish * 

kadlayini marra, s. a small kind of fish 
kadli,. behind 
kadilli, father behind 
kadliri, slipping, grasing, as kadliri kaijrf, wittinnarru 

padlo, he speared the fish %o m only to grase it 
kadlirindi. adv. ditto 
kadlirriti v. to slip, as kadlirrinao mnna, the fishing spear 

kadliti, v. to peel, skin 

kadlo s. the large black speciee of ant, lion ant 
kadlo, or kadlo bebi, s'. testicle 
kadlukko, s. a grown up kangaroo 
kadnanya kadnanya, very slowly 
kadno, s. a yellow striped species of lizard 
kailko, s. pus, matter 
kaitya, adv. 8f $. small, little, infant, child 
kaityaba, Stamford Hill 
kakka, head 
kakka bebi, s. brain 
kakkalle, s. a belt or girdlevnade of the ])air of the head 

and consisting of many separate strings 
kakkamita, s. name for a relative 
kakka murtilli, thick head, stupid 
kakkaninye, 5. a species of fish 


kakkannara^ adv. from the surface, on the top, above 

kakkanniti, v* to rise, come up, grow 

kakkanningutu, v. to make grow, rear 

kakkaputti, s. the hair of the head 

kakkarra, s. pillow, anything to rest one's head upon 

kakka tandutul . ^ , 

k kk *lt' I ^^^y common expression of reproach 

kakkelli, s. mangrove tree 

Icakkiti, adv. in two, as kakkiti kundatay to beat in two, 

kako, s. an edible root 
kakkurriti, v. to wish, desire, like 
k^kurrindi, v. wish, intent, as kakkurindinge wappetan7ia 

they do it intentionally 
kakurru, on end, upright 
kakurru wirri, adj. ditto 
kakurru yuwata, s. to stand on end or upright 
kakkurru yendata, v. to put on end, upright 
kalalballa, s. sandfly 
kalalta, s. torch, dry oark lighted and used in fishing at 

kalanbi, s. ashes, lime 
kalawidna, s. a coarse, reedy sort of grass 
kalba, s. cheek, side of the head 
kalba, s. lap, as kalbanga ngai mankukka 
kalba, as kalba ngalla metye yendat unno^ you name it 

kalbanna, s. emu feathers, shavings 
kalbanya, s. Australian pheasant 
kalbelii, num. two, a pair ; as an affix it forms the dual 

number of nouns dropping the first two letters, as 

yuralbelli, two men, rkarralbelli two hands 
kalbi, s. leaf ^ 

kali, s. leaf of the o&tus, commonly called the native fig 
kalka, open, openly, public, as yuraiTi kalka ikkatanna, 

the men sit openly, i.e. you can see them 

To wittirrimadli, pardni palkgkka kalka ngai yw^ata 


tome on, let us two fight, run hither, I stand. openly 
i.e. unscreened 

kalkara, adj. narrow, close 

kalkarra, adj. long time ago, of yore 

kalkaridni, adj. ancient 

kalkarriti, v. to tremble, heave, feel great desire, as haU 
kalkarrimatta ngaitye pinkalbelli warra ngukaintyaranga 
my hips ache from travelling far. Or, yura kalkaritao 

kalkiti, v. to become loose, undone, slip 

kalkuUiti. v. to forget 

kalkuUalkuUi, adj. forgetful 

kalkutu, v^ to be in pain 

kalkurriti, v. to be sick, ill 

kalla, s. voice, speech, dialect 

kalla, s. sleeping lizard 

kalla, s. pond, pool, as kauo kalla^ water pool 

kallanbi, i.e. gadlabidni 

kallalla, s. a. species of fish 

kalla ptidni, s. a beautiful blue flowered creeper, native 

kallara, s. tea tree 

kallanniti, v. to call 

kallata, v. to call, hail 

kallakallanniti v. to call repeatedly, neigh 

kallangarriti, v. to call to each other, speak with a per- 
son at a distance 

kallikalliti, v. a. to chip 

kallilliti v. to cover with earth, bury 

kallinyala, the site of Port Lincoln 

kalliworra, s. seagull 

kalluru, adj. unripe, green 

kaltanye, adj. asking, begging, stingy, as maii kaltanyil' 
bellinge ngai yeringumatta, the two beggars ask me for 
food. Or nmna piyi kaltanye, you are (always) begging 
for clothing 

kalti^ s. husk, ^el, bran 


kalti^ i.e. mai kako mirrinye 

kalterinye, i.e. yerdna walho, vertebrae, back-bone 

kaltirriti, y. to be clamorous, beg, i.e, kaltirrtao kaitya 

ngaminge mankoyuru, the child cries for the mother 

to take it 
kaltirringutu, v,a. to ask, desire, want 
kaltya s. regin, gum 
kaltya, s. great number, mob 
kaltyini, v. level, as kaltyininge kuri kuri ngkatao bebi, 

the egg turns round on the level 
kalunu, s. a species of fish ; whiting 
kaluru, adj. bold, fierce, as kurdninni padnatao kaluru, 

the wild dog walks boldly, i.e. does not run away 
kalya, an interjection, as kalya kutta kundakka, dLOvCt 

strike, I say 
kalyautu, v. to beckon away ; to make a motion with 

the hand to another person to keep at a distance 
kalyirkiti, v. to slip, glide, stumble 
kalyoru, adj. chill, bleak, whizzing as warri-kalyoru bleak 

wind; kalyoru ngukatao warriyoko the ship goes 

kambata, v. to cook, bake, roast, foment 
kanbangurru, s. whiskers 
kammala, s. a species of fungus 
kammalla, adj. as kadla kammalla nau urri 
kammata, v. to tell, intercede for, ask 
kammangutu v.a. to invite 
kammirri, adj. hopping, as kammirri kammirri ngamma- 

tao warraitye, the Emu hops along 
kammirriti, v.n. as yurti kammirriti gadla kundaintya 

rangay the arm aches by beating the wood, this word 
expresses the painful sensation, that is produced by 

liitting a stick that another person is holding 
kammullu, adj. dejected, pensive, a^ kammullu ikkata 
kananna, n, pr. Emu bottom 
kananna purre. Winter's Hill 
kanbara, adj. fertile good soil 


kanda^ adj. choked^ swollen, as ywrdne kanda swollen 

kandara^ adj. as yumballa kandara, wallaby hunter^ ex- 
pert in spearmg wallaby 
kandarra^ s. eructation, belching 
kandi, s. hammer, tomahawk, axe 
kandideri, as waiiti kandideri, to be sore afraid 
kandulguru, s. a species offish 
kanganye, s. side of the human body, £ank 
kangara s. the root of the grass tree which at certain 

seasons of the year constitutes an excellent article of 

food for the natives 
kangai, s. a sea bird, bozen bird 
kanggata, v. to drive, lead 
k angi, adj. self willed, impetuous, resolute 
kanginniti, v. to act resolutely 
kangi worta, s. a self-willed, impetuous person 
kangiti, s. grass tree 
kangkarru, s. whale ! 
kangu, s. an edible kind of root 
kankarra, adv. together, in common, as paru ngalgum" 

arinyelbo kankarray let us eat the meat together 
kannalla, s. current tree 
kannata, v.a. to wait for, as ngatto ninna karmata, I 

shall wait for you 
kannarriti, v. to awake, get up 
kannelli, adj. old, abandoned, as kairko karmelli, an old 

hut ; it also means an old complaint, especially of a 

rheumatic nature, to which the natives are frequently 

kanti, s, thigh, shank 
kantya, as kaya kantya 
kantyiti, v.a. to lead, conduct, as karteti k^ntyiti, to 

take a wife, or to have a wife 
kantyingarriti, v. to carry about with one, as food &c., 

to save 
kanya, s. stone, rock 


kanyalla, s. a pebble or round stone^ carried about in 

the knapsack or net, used in breaking bones &c. 
kanyamai s. a species of fungus, mushroom 
kanyangkunu, ? Point Bolingbroke 
kanyanniti, v. to become stone, to harden, be obstinate, 

persist in 
kanyanungkutu, vm. to detain by force, prevent 
kanyi, s. name for a relative 
kapi=kauo, water 

kapiti, v.a. to cut oflP, make a short cut, surround 
kapmarra, adv. only, or always as kapmarra innaityinge 

ikkafaiy I shall always live here 
kappakkata, v.a. to love, court 
kappalliti, v. to go back, return home 
kappaltiti, s, to be tired 
kapparna, s. gravy 
kapparnka, as kutta k&pparnka ngakatao wilya, makkaTir 

dara ngukatao 
kapparra, adj. 8f s. weak, tired, lazy, laziness 
kapparra worta, s. a weak person, lazy fellow 
kapparriti, v. to be weak, tired, lazy 
kappattiti, v.a. kappakkata, to love or court a woman 
kappikarnka, an Island in Spencer's Gulf, on 

which Midlalla is said to reside 
kappo=kulbarri, three, several 
kappii^^u, s. arm pit 
kapurru, a. 8f v. down, out of sight, as yurno kapurru 

ngnkanaOy the sun is gone down 
kara, s. spider, tarantula 
kara, s. grass 

kardlaintye, adj. fledged, able to fly 
kardnarriti, v.n. to bend, lean back, as muyn kardnarri" 

too, the back is bent, 
karai, a^'=mau-urru, dark, black 
karayalga, s. cobweb 

kara yurdla, s. a good sharp edged piece of quartz 
karata, v.a. as vaitya karata to commence a quarrel 

karangarriti, v. to quarrel 
karakarata, v.a. to commend, praise 
kardi, or karthi, interj. calling attention ; l say, listen 
kardma, Mount Gawler 
kardni, s. girl 

kardnirriti, v. to stretch one's limbs 
karkuru, s. a whizzing or or rustling noise, as karkuru 
ilkanna kauo wornitao, the rain comes rushing down 

karkurarkuru, whizzing, as karnkurtu karkurarkura 
ngukatao kauungUy the boat goes whizzing through the 
water, i.e. very swiftly • 

kari, gradually, by and bye, as ngai kari ngukatao I shall 
go by and bye 

k ari kari, softly, gently, take care 

ka.xi kurru, later, not yet, by and bye 

kariti, v. to be or exist stlil, be behind, as parungu kari" 
tanna yurarri, the men are still' at the game, are hunt- 
ing still 

karkalla, s. kind of cactus, commonly called the native fig 

karkantya, s, a species of hawk 

ka.rnba, adj. empty, hungry 

karnbanniti, v. to be empty, hungry 

kaxnda kutyo, otherwise or again 

karnmarri, s. lues venerea 

kainmi, adj, encircled, enclosed 

karnmi karnko, s, prison 

karnmi karnmi, adj. amorous, fond 

karnmiringutu, v.a. to encircle, enclose, defend, screen 

karnkarra, above 

karnkata, v. to raise, lift, take up 

karnko, s. hut, house, place of encampment, watering 

karnkurtu, s, boat, small vessel 

karpa, s. inside, room, European house, as karpanga 
ngalbakka. come into the house 

karpalla ) alongside of, along, as yartu karpalla ngu- 

karpallannaj kakka^ go along there 


kauurkauurku^ adj pregnant 

kauurkauurkiti, v. to be pregnant 

kauwalka, adj, open^ apart 

kauwarriti v. 

kauwirtananya, adj. long, swinging 

kauwirtauwirti, adj. ditto 

kauwirtauwirtiti, v. to be shaking, going to fall 

kauwiti, v. to bring up, vomit 

kauwultu, hanging, suspended 

kauwultiti, v. to be hanging 

kaya, s spear 

kayailka, armed with spqars 

kayalla, s. the north and north western country 

kayaworta, s. a fighter, pugnacious man 

kayiti, v.a. to cover all over, to incubate^ hatch 

ketyelli, s. name of a place, Charlton 

kiya=kaya, spear 

ko, s. shelter, fence 

kokalla, s. hip 

kokara, s. staff, stick 

kokarniti, v. to lean upon 

koltye, s. green paroquet, grass parrot 

kolutu, V. to cough, groan 

konye, s. a species of shark 

korti, s. swan 

korti purre. Mount Hill 

kuara, s. plug, stopper 

kubmanna, num. one, alone, sole 

kubmalberi, once, only once 

kudla, s. well 

kudlakauo, s. well water 

kudliti, V. to rub, hurt ? 

kudlirriti, v. to be silent, sullen ; ngannaru ninna kud- 

lirriti ngannaruyalla ? why are you so silent 
kudlirindi, adj. silent, as kudlirindi ikkata, to be silent 
kudlirringutu, v.a. to make silent, quiet 
kudlu, s. louse 


kudmirra or kurdmirra, s. circle^'ring^ picture 

kudna^ s. bowels, excrements^coittis 

kudna ngangkella, s. stomach 

kudnanna^ s. large weed^ tobacco 

kudnannaga^ s. a species of redbill 

kudnapabmi, s. opprobrious term 

kudna parto^ adj. costive 

k]idnata> v.a. to evacuate the boTt^els, let blood, compti- 

kudnarriti, v. coire 

kudna yardniti, conprimere 

kudna yardnirriti, v. coitum habere 

kudnulko, loose in the bowels 

kukata, national name of a north western tribe of na- 
tives, said to be very numerous and ferocious 

kulalye^ adj. wet 

kudlalyiti^ v. to be wet 

kulata, VM. to sever, cut^ break, tear 

kulanniti, v. to be rent 

kulangarriti, v. this word expresses the peculiar 9ound 
produced by the pullakalli, (which see) 

kularriti or \ ^ , , . 

kulakularriti / ""• ^^ "^^^^^^ ^^®^* 

kularra, s. sweat, perspiration 

kularabmata, v. to perspire^ sweat 

kulbarri, three^ several 

kulbi, Le. pinnarabidtd mai 

kulburko, s. gravy, as paru kulburko yarlirritao the gravy 
is spilling 

kulilyala, s. the seed vessel of the casuarina 

kulindi, round, surrounding 

kulka, 8i kangaroo rat 

kulkutu, V. to imprecate, curse, rebuke. When it rainis 
or a kangaroo or other animal escapes/ the natives 
employ a long string of imprecations which they pro- 
nounce with great vehemence and believe to be infal- 
libly efficacious 


kullari^ s. a fabulous bird^ said to peck people'^ heads 

kuUarnu, adv. still, yet 

kullilli, s. the name of a variety of eatable grubs ; as : — 

kullilli numma"^ 

kullilli patta f 

kullilli yako C 

kullilli yulko J 
kuUindi, 5.=kurdli bakka, stunted sheoak 
kuUi purru,, the name of a hill called ^^Cobler's friend" 
kuUirri, s. the blossoms of the male she oaks 
kuUu, s. sDor'mg, kullu snore 
kulpa, s. young man, youth 
kulta, s. germ, fresh shoot 
kultai, s. a species of fungus 
kultimpiti,=wanniti v. to lie down 
kulya,=pulka, old 
kulyanniti, v, to be old 
kulyara, v. young male kangaroo 
kulyeritye, s. a small speckled species of paraquet 
kulyunnu, s. native lark 
kuma,=kubmanna, one, alone 
kumanni, alone, by one's self 
kumbara,=yabmarra, a species of fish, groper 
kumbu,5. urine 

kumbukumbu, s. wave, billow 
kumburunye, s. a species of ant 
kumbutu, V. to make water 
kumbutyukkutu, vm. to wet with urine 
kummarri, alone, as knmmarri mat ngalgutanna, they eat 

the food alone, viz not giving me any 
kunballa, adj. serious, modest 
kunballiti, to be serious, to be in earnest 
kundata, v.a. to strike, beat, kill 
fcundi=wirri, throwing stick 
kundindi, s. belt, girdle, made of the hair of the head or 

of oppossum hair 
kundo birra, s. a large shell, spoon 


kundullu, s. heap, as ngampa kundiilluy aheap of roots 

kungakunga, s. infantine voice, the cry of an infant 

kungguUu, 5. craw fish, sea crab 

kungka, arm or fork of a tree 

kunimpi, s. mucus ; as mudla kunimpiy mucus of the nose 

kunkurru, s. cluster, thicket ;as kurdli kunkurru, a clus- 
ter of sheoaks 

kunmata, v. to kill 

kunna, s. a species of kangaroo 

kunnari, s. fat, suet 

kunni, s. name of the third child of a mother if a male 

kunnurru, of dark colour, brown 

kunnulyu, s. a water bubble, a hollow sound 

kunnurriti, v. to be wet 

kunniityullu, s, mosquito 

kunta, s. name of the third child, if a female 

kunta, name of a river 

kunti, s, horsefly 

kunto, a postfix, as Parnkalla kunto xvanggakka^ speak in 
Parnkalla or the Parnkalla dialect 

kunyalla, a friend or relation 

kunyu, adj. dead 

kupa, ad), ditto 

kupi, as kauo kupi 

kupilyipilyi, as kiqnlyipihji yurno, — 

kupiri, s. edge, margin, as pinnara kupirhige\ on the 
margin of the Jake 

kupirri, s. a kind of kangaroo, white kangaroo 

kuputu, v.a. to state, maintain, represent with vehement 
gesture ; Nantinge kurru midlaniarri ngalla kuputarru, 
Nanti represents the Adelaide natives as very numer- 
ous, Yupinge irbi kupuntyarru Yupi has confirmed the 


kura or kuranga, behind, after, as kuranga vgukata, to 

walk behind, follow, Piririi kuranga Warri worninao, 

Warri was born after or next to Piri 


kura or kuralye^ visible, in sight as kamko kura paUeattto, 
the house may be seen, 6r is in sight 

kurai, s. a species of fish 

kurailtye, not far, or for a long time, as kuraiUye waii- 
ngukaintyao, he has fled far away, or for a long time 

kurakka, adj. young, green ; as kurakka kurdli green sbeoak 

kuralbo, s. a small species of fish 

kuralla, $. a well dug in sand or gravel 

kuranna, s. thunder 

kuranya, s. rainbow 

kurata, v. to bore, dig a well in the sand, turn round ; 
as warn kurata, the wind turns round 

kurarriti, v. to hum, buzz ; as yurre kurarriti, to feel a 
buzzing sensation in the ear 

kurbo, s. smell 

kurbu, 8. side; as kurbungu wanmti, to lie on one side 

kurdi, s. native peach tree 

kurdi,mai, s. native peach 

kurdla, $. strength, semen 

kurdli^ s. sheoak, casuarina 

kurdli bakka, s. dwarf sheoak 

kurdlu, s. an animal of the marsupian species 

kurdninnij s. native dog 

kurelli, s. rainy season, winter 

kurrelli mudla, s. beginning of rainy season, autumn 

Ifuri, s. ring, circle, song, dance 

kuri kundata, v. to sing 

kuri wawutu, v. to dance 

kurilbi, s. grass seed, ear 

kurilyelli, Boston Island 

kurinti, s. distance ; as kurintinge ikkata, to be at a dis- 

kurinyarra, $. a pillar of dust produced by a whirlwind 

k ^^k ^ *t' I ^' ^^ ^^^^ round, wander about 

ktirkarra, s. native geranium 
kurko, 8. a species of owl 


kurkullu^ s. bandicoot 

kurlo^ s. side of the body> that part of the body between 
the shoulder and loin 

kurni, s. hair> fur> kakka kumi, hair of the head 

kurnunnu^ s. elbow 

kurpata^ v.a. to sprinkle with water 

kurra, s. magpie 

kurrirrurriri, round about, uninteligible ; as kurr i rr u rr ir i 
Nauurri wanggatanna, the Nauos talk unintelligibly 

kurroalla, s. crown of the head, vertex 

kurroalla, w.jor. Mount Liverpool . 

kurru, s. stick, poker, tube, flute'' 

kurrugadla, ditto 

kurrungu kallata, to play upon the flute 

kurrukkungutu, v.a. to make giddy, confound 

kurrukkuti^, v. to be giddy, stupid ; as kakka kurruk*^ 

kutu wanggaintyaranga,xay head becomes giddy by talk- 

kurrulkurulku gadla 

kurrulkurrulkutu, v. to be giddy 

kurrukurru, round 

kurrumidlanta, national name for the Adelaide 

kurrunnu, all ; as mat kurrunnu nakkuntyarru, he has seen 
all the food 

kurruttiti, v. to become stiff 

kurruwallu ; as kutta kurruwallu yuralka yuwaintyarao 

kurrtityunnu, adj. all, whole 

kurta, s. posterior 

kurta milka, a reproachful term 

' kurtankiti^ v. to lean upon one's elbow 

kurti, adj. stiff 

kurto, steep, steep place, precipice, hollow 

kutta, not, no ; kattadla, perhaps not ; kuttalkayXvot at all 

kuttara=kalbelli, two 

kutyu, another, other, the rest ; as kutyu yura purrakka, 
call another man 


kutyulkanna, the plural of kutyu, others 

kutyubidni^ other^ some ; kutyubidhi toarraitye martAii 

kutyubidni milla. some emus are good^ some are bad 
kuya, s, fish 

kuvabidni, Meaford Mere •' 

kuyanna, s. the male grub of the mita ant which is not 

eatable and is separated from the female, bidlyo, by 

kuvo, switch 
kuyurkuru, s ditto 
kuyurkuru, s Dragon fly, hornet 
kuyuru, adj. slim, slender ; as battara kuyuru, a tall 

slender gum tree ; kanti kui/uru, a thin shank 


Ma, mai, vegetable food 

mabinye, s. cloud 

madia paru, yailba mirrinye, a species of animal 

madia, no, none 

madlanniti, v. to be or become no more, to die 

madia madia, ditto, as mai madia madla^ having no food 

madli, s. the place of infants on the backs of their 

mothers ; as madlmge ikkata to sit on the back, i.e. 

to be of tender age 
madlo, s. shade ; madlo yertata, v. to throw shade, stand 

in the light ; as kahja madh yertakka 
madlo kanti, s, ditto ; as madlo kajithige ikkata 
madlya, s. wet, soft, muddy,dirt mud 
mai, s, vegetable food generally, such as roots &c. 
maialla, adv. never mind, letting alone, notwithstanding 
mai erri, s. a species of mouse 
mai-ilkanna, having food, rich 
mai-ilya, adj, liberal with food 
mai-karnba, food empty ; i.e. hungry 
mai-ir.arrnba. havinc^ no food, c1c:^titule 


mai-mintyuru, particular with food, stingy 
mai-munta, liberal with food 
mai-pinta, greedy, close 
mai-pinta worta, a close or greedy fellow 
niai tya, adv. expressing assurance, indeed, then, now ; 
as maitya ngannaruy why then (viz should it be) maitya 
kulbarri ikkardna, they are many indeed 
nnaiworna, satisfied with food 
mai yeri, tenacious of food, stingy, greedy 
ixiakka, a negation; not so, or it is not 
tnakkarniti, v. to be no more, die 
makkarndara ngukatao wily a 
xnako, s. a piece of quai'tz attached to the wommara, and 

used as a knife 
malakunnu ninna ngukanna at the moment you went 
tnalbara, s. haze, mist 

malberinye, s. the coverlet of the male pubes, consisting 
in a bunch of feathers or a sort of tassels made of op- 
possum hair 
malbu, s. a murderer ; any person that has killed another 
whether he be justified in doing so or not ; author, 
malka, adj. long 
malkiti, v. to press, knead 
malkingarriti, v. to wash one's self 
malta, thicket ; as /?w«rfam mallanga wanniti, to lie in 

a thick scrub 
malla palba, s. ditto 
nialko=mabinge, cloud 

malleri, peaceable, friendly ; as worna malleri ditto 
mallaityamallaitya, showery ; as mallaityamallaitya kauo 

mallilparriti, v. to slip 
mallirriti, v. to dissolve, become powerless 
malliti, v. to become undone, slip, fall 
mallimbiti, v, ditto 
mallimbarriti , i\ ditto 


maio or malomalo^ ac^', not heeding,unconcerned ; as ngia.* 
malo ngukana,! went unheeding by,i.e. I took no notice 

maltarra, s. a bunch of emu feathers over the top 

malti, s. darkness, night ; parri ma/ti, deep darkness 

malturlo, morning, morrow 

maltyata, v. 

maltyangarriti, v. 

malyarra, adv. long, for a long time ; diu 

mambarna, s. lad, boy. 

mamba. knee ; as mamba madia 

mambutu, v. to set on, as dogs, to instigate, encourage, 
persuade, seduce 

mammata, v. to share, partake of anothers property, as 
food, meat &c. 

manga, s. thread or yarn made of oppossum hair, and 
worn round the head 

mangalla, adj. peaceabla, friendly, friend, the reverse of 
hostile, paitya 

mangalliti, to be peaceable, friendly 

mangallingutu, v,a. to make peace, pacify 

mangirri, ad), well, healthy 

mangirriti, v. to become well, convalesce, heal ; as manr 

girriti mingka 
mangu, s. face 
mani, s. a relative, nephew ? 
mangkunnu, adj. strong, stiff; as yurti mangkunnu, a 

powerful arm 
mangkunniti, v. to be strong 
manka, s. dots, tattoo scars 
mankailkanna, having dots, a grown up man 
mankutu, v. to take, receive, 
mankulbarriti, v. to take away, liberate 
mankunturrutu, s. to take again? 
manna, adj. much, plentiful, large 
manna, 8. ground grub 
mannallara, s. mutton bird 
manna murri, very much 

'mannandO; ditto 

mannandutu, v. to become large, grow 

mannanniti, v. to be or become plentiful ; as ngai kudlu 

mannannintyaray I might have become full of lice 
mannara, slowness, laziness, slowly; as manaara kun- 

dangarri yata 
mannarriti, v. to be slow, lazy, behind 
manngu, s. semen 
mannu, together, near each other 
manta, adj. moist, wet 
mantalliti, v. to become weak, fail, as pinka mantalUti, to 

be lame 
mantarriti, v. to be moist, wet 
manti, adv. repeatedly, continuingly ; as manti kundatay 

to beat repeatedly 
mantimantirriti, v. to be thin, lean ; mantim pulta maU 

mantyarri, adj. fine^^ right, nice 
manu, s. back 

manutu, v. to carry on the back 
manva, i.e. mitapulyOy ant grub 

manyanna, i.e. ngallira ; as nuwalla manyanna yurramata 
manyartini, rain ? as kauo maiiyartini, rain water ? 

kartinty(eg) altrata witiinarru ai, manyartini ngarrin 

yelbo wittinarru 
manyutu, v. to lay hold, grasp 
manyurriti, v, to break, an an egg 
mappa, s. rubbish, dirt 
mappara, full of rubbish, dirty 
mapparniti, v. to be dirty 
mapparningutu, v.a. to make dirty 
mappiti, v. to rest 

mara, s. arm of a tree • hair ; as kakka mara 
mara, s. pond, pool ; as kauo mara, water pond 
inari, willingly ; as mari ngukatad pallara yerdlinnuru 
marka, space of twenty four hours, day 
markaru kunto, for one day 


markalla^ 5. shell 

markata, v, to be fas t^ jammed in^ to sticky pull tight ; 
as markatarru poninga wandurru 

markutu, v. to bark 

markunyu, s. quarrel about a woman, jealously 

marni, 5. fat, grease 

marni tappa, very good 

marniti, adj. good ; marniii mai, good food 

marniti, v. to smell ; as kurbo marniii 

marningarriti, v. ditto ditto 

marnitingutu, v. to make good, ornament, improve 

marnko, s. elbow 

marnta, s. animal of the marsupial species 

marnpi, s. pigeon 

marpalya, brokenly, incorrectly ; as marp wanggata, to 
speak brokenly 

marpu, s. bush, branch 

marra, s, the young offspring of animals, pup, pullet, &c. 

marra, s. hand, finger, quantity ; as kutta pulyo marra, 
not a small quantity 

marra, s. point 

marraba, affix ; as mai marraha^ palta marraha, without 
food, without clothing 

marrabirri, finger nails 


marralye, s. boy 

marralye, s. fiend, devil. The Marralye is described as 
a man belonging to the Kukata tribe, who assumes 
the shape and action of a bird, if he has a spite against 
an individual, he pounces upon him at night, while he 
is asleep, staos him imperceptibly, and then leaves 
him to die in a short time after. Whenever the 
cause of death is not apparent to the natives compre- 
hension, such as old age and wounds, they have no 
doubt that the dreaded Marralye is the author, 
marramarrarkuru, s. intensitive form of, marray a great 



marrangalli, v. the palm or hollow of the hand 

marrangangkalla, s. thumb 

marrangukata, v. to show, point with the hand 

marrangultu ; as marrangultu wittinarru, with a ruthless 
hand he speared him 

marranya, slowlv, leisurely 

marrapalba, adj. even, smooth 

marrapappa, s. little finger 

marrara, s. wild duck 

marrata, v. to crawl, walk on the hands 

marra warra 

marra willuru, forefinger 

marrenye, s. snapper fish 

marreri, adv. far away 

marri, s. name of fifth child if a male 

marritye, i.e. idnya, cat 

inarru or marruntu, different ; as marrimtu wanggatanna 
lata mattay the north eastern people speak differently 

marru, s. black paint, a mixture of the ashes of the 
grass tree and grease with which the natives orna- 
ment their faces 

marrukko, s. name of the fifth child if a female 

marrurko, s. a widow 


marrutu, v. to creep 

marta, s. place, former place, or the place before inha- 
bited or spoken of ; as wana ngaifye nurti ? martanga, 
where is my bag ? in the old place or where you left it 

martanna, s. an acquaintance, friend; a person seen 

martanniti, v. to remain, survive ; as mart yerdli kartati 

kunyunga, the man survives his wife 

marti, adj. well, healed up ; ^« a scar, a sore healed up 
martinniti> v. to heal 

martiti, v. to embrace 


martUj 8, mom veneris 

matta^ s. tribe, nation ; as Parnkalla matta, the ParU" 

kalla nation 
matanya, s, designation for one of the actors in the cere- 
mony of tattooing 
mattara, adj. ignorant, not used to, inexperienced 
mattata, v. to pick up, gather 
mattantutu, s. ditto 
mattata, v. to stick fast 
matterri, the reverse of karrarru 
matu or martu, a tree bearing a yellow berry 
mau-urru, adj. dark, black 
mauurrurriti, v. to be black 
mauurruringutu, v.a. to make dark, blacken 
mau winya, a lightly clouded sky, favorable to oppossum 

meka, adj. bare, bald ; as kakka meka bald head 
mekkalla, bare, clean ; as karnko mekalla, as kutta mappa 

mellakka, s. a name of the seventh child, if a female 
melalla, shining, glittering ; melalla kariti,io shine, glitter 
melara=meka, bare, 

melata, v. to feed, eat ; applied to animals only 
melingutu, v. to clean,, smooth, plain 
melokunyo, s. a species of mouse 
melli, s. wattle tree 
mena, s. eye 
mena, theft, a word that expresses the idea of hiding in 

a variety of ways ; as mena karnko, a strange house 

not seen before 
mena galba, the depression below the eye 
menakanya, eye stone, of hard eyes, not easily weeping, 

mena kurto, having sore eyes 
menalla, adf. invisible; as menallawilyapadnatao, the soul 

is invisible 


menamu, anything that one is not allowed to see^ sacred 

menamulka, $. tear 

menanda. adv. unseen, clandestine 

menangalla, thievish 

mena nganta, visible, apparent, plain 

mena ngurtiti, v. to accuse, make ashamed 

mena palkata, v. to look, open one's eyes 

menata, v. to take away unseen, to steal 

menangutu, v. to hide, conceal 

menaringutu, v. ditto ngara menaringutu to belie 

menaringarriti, v. to deny 

menawaiata, v, to prevaricate 

menawaiangarriti, v. to deny, prevaricate 

mena wakka, honest, not theivish 

menawalbo, (eye-bone) of a strong eye, i.e. not sleepy, 


mena walka, 

mena wapo, eye-covered, i.e. blind 

menayalga, s. eyelid, properly eye skin 

mena yalga willara, having no eyelids 

menayernbior ) ^j 

,. >s^ eyelid 
mena yernbmye J ^ 

mena yulkata, v. to weep, shed tears 
mende, s. net bag, basket 

menka, s. a shrub growing on the sandy coast, and bear- 
ing a pod similar to French beans 

metullu, s. a species of fish, shellfish 

mettullu pira, s. a kind of shell 

metye, s. name; as nunko wantye metye? what is your 

name ? 
meya, s. sleep 

meya ngarrara, feigning sleep, pretending to be asleep 
meya wanniti, v. to sleep 
meya nniti, v. to be sleepy 
mialla=iiiena, s. eye 

midla, s. a wooden lever to throw spears with wommarra^ 


midlilbelli, double ; as midlilbelli yendata^ v. to double 

fold up 
midliti, v. to pinch 
milka, adj, thick ; as kuria mllka 

milkitye, s. poinard, dagger, also used for key 
milla, adj. bad, wicked, evil 
millaniti, v. to be or become bad 
millari, s. a kind of rushes, of which the natives make 

their net bags 
millari, yarnu, s. a net made of millari rushes 
milli, s. name of the seventh child,if a male 
milliti, 27. to do, make, dig up 
millingarriti, v. to busy oneself, to handle, work 
milta, kanya, 8. a kind of stone, slate 
milti, *. a sort of red ochre used for ornament 
miltyinye, s. bat 
mindi mindi, gently, stealthily 
minmirri, swift, quick ; as kaya ikarnitao mira the spear 

flies swiftly 
mingka, sore, sick, ill 
mingkarriti, v. to become sore, ill 
minna, s. navel 
minna, s. a species of stingray 
minnara, s. a kind of eatable berry 
minnarka, far, at a distance ; as minnarka palkatao 
minnangutu, v. to watch a bird or animal, it jumps far 
minnirriti, v. to produce a humming sort of noise like 

the witarna 
minngatta, s. a species of fish 

minno, s. a shrub bearing an edible ix\i\t,menkumirrinye 
mintapa, witch craft, supernatural power ; as kukata 

mintapa ilkan?ia, the kukata are possessed of witch craft 
mintidli, as yakkudla mi?itidli, I don't know 
mintyilli, as nganna mintyili, an approbrious expression 
mintyuru affix, nice, particular ; as palta mintynru par- 


ticular with one's cloths, stingy 
minyara, adj. cool 
minyarriti, v. to cool, be cold 
ininve=i=mirrarri, the Orion 

mirkapa, $. a person bereft of a relative, mourner 
mirkarriti, v. to startle, being taken by surprise 
mirkarringutu, v. to surprise, frighten 
mirko, as mirkomirko pinnat ai, I shake weakly 
mirra, as mirra ngukata parchi nunkurnura, quick, swifl 
mirrara, swamp, bog, mortar ; as mirraranga karpa kar^ 

patanna, they build houses wilh mortar 
mirrarri, s. the Orion, a constellation 
mirrarri, s. pimple 
mirrata, v. to rub, scratch 
mirraiitu, vm. to sprinkle oneself all over with sand 

to assuage one's thirst 
mirreri, adj. itchy, prurient ; as palba mirreri 
mirriki or mirriki miririki 
mirrilti, s. a white delicate species of flower 
mirrinye, an affix or adf. like, similar ; as warm mirrinye 

pilla mirrinye, similar to a kangaroo, to an oppossun^ 
mirrinye yura, a native, the reverse of mundultu yura, 2b 

mirru, y. large, grown up. 
mirrurriti, v. to grow 
mita, s. a species of ant, or ant heap, the grubs of which 

the natives eat 
miti, fast, firm ; as miti pirrinyif atto , I hold it fast 
miyerta, s. a man of mature age, vir 
moRalla, as mai makalla maiworna, satiated with food 
mokalla yulalyiti, v. to fret, sympathize 
mokanya, as mokayna kundata, to beat so as to produce 

moko, s. knot, knob, button, any round and hard 

moko irta, button bird, a small species of bird 
mokuntu, adj. spotted 


mona^ s. the net with which boys of the age of about six- 
teen or eighteen (pardnapa's) secure their hair, 
hat, cap 
mudla, s. nose, the extreme point of an} thing, point of 

mudlababmata, v. to sneeze 
mudlailta, insolent, impudent, nasutus 

mudlannu, s. a large species of snake, carpet snake 

mudla parkata, v. to blow the nose 

mudlata, v. to make love, court 

mudlayappa, s. nostril 

mudlayurkuru, s. mucus of the nose 

mudlirirri, s. calm, still weather 

muinma, adj. fat, corpulent 

mukurbo, s. env} , jealousy ; as paru murkubo, envy 
about meat 

mukurbo yabmiti, v. to scold, abuse, being envious or 

mulka, s. tear, cry, lamentation 

mulka nungkutu, to hold a lementation 

mulla, adj. dry, dry land, terra firma 

mullai, as mullai karkalla mirrinye, the mullai is similar 
to the native fig 

muUanniti, s. to be or become dry 

muUaru, s. flood, tide 

muUa-utu, v. to scratch like a dog, to burrow 

mullu, adj. ripe ; as karkalla mullu, ripe fig 

muUuUullu, panting, blowing ; as mullullullu ngtihaia, to 
run one's self out of breath 

mulpata, ^;, to save, reserve, to rub out, cut, reap? 

multyuru, s. intestines, bowels 

mulu, s. leech 

mundalya, adj. sweet, nice ; as paru mundalya, the 
meat (is) nice 

mundalyabmiti, v. to be fond of ; ninna mundulyabmiti 


mundultu, European ; mtindtdtu yura^ a European dog,&c. 


mundultiti or 1 to become a European or white man, to 

mundulturriti J live in European manner 

mundiitya, at once, quick ; mundutya wittiti, mundiitya 

ngiikatay to dig, go at once or directly 
mungaltiti, v. to be satisfied ; as mungaltiti maiinga to 

be satisfied with food 
mungaltanna, of an Island in Spencer's Gulf; as 

wilyarri ikkatanna mungaltannanga^ the souls live or 

reside in Mungaltanna 
mungarra, adj. still, silent 
mungkuUu, s, staflF, mast 
mungkulyu, pinnare hairi mat 
muni, 5. a small black snake 
munkunko, s. shoulder 

munka, or munka karnkoy the layer or cover of an animal 
munna, s. chest, breast 
munna mantyarri, adj. brave, bold 
munmalla, bruised all over, munmalla walbo pittata, to 

pound the bones in order to suck the marrow out 
munna, s. jealously 

munnanga paityanniti, v. to be enraged, jealousy 
munnaka, s. name of the fourth child if a female 
munni, s. name of the fourth child if a male 
munniti or 1 v. as worna munniti,io]\'d\e a disordered 
munnimunniti J stomach, to heave, pant, have fever 
munnikkiti, v. to hiccup 
munno, adj. blunt, dogged ; idna munnOy having short 

toes, kadla munno^ dogged tail 
munnudnutu, v. to sink in, bog 
munnu munnu, at once ; as munnu munnu wittikki, kutta 

nurreri, did at once, not long, i.e. finish what you have 

to dig and be not long about it 
munnumunnirriti 1 v. to be tired of ; as ngai tolai inga 
munnumunniti J mannurriy I am tired of pinguins 
munta, adj. all, the whole 
muntyanta, s. brother in-law 
muntyalla, b. manducating 


muntyo=kunyo, dead 

munu, s. stubble 

munu^ s. a venomous sea animal^ often found dead on 

the sea beach 
munyanna, s. mustache 
munyarra, s. a small species of fish 
murdla=mulla, murdla yiira ikkatao kamgunga, the man 

sits dry in the house 
muriti, v. to wipe ? 
muringutu, v. ditto 
murringarriti, v. ditto 
murk a, s. yolk of an egg 
murkilli, adj. as worri murkill imurri 
murkurkurko, gradual, swelling 
murkunkiti^ v. to swell 
murkiti, v. to assemble 
murra, affix ; as paru murra. a good hunter 
murreri, adj. in health, well, healthy 
murreriti, v. to be healthy, well 
murreringutu, v.a. to make well, mend, as ^orftowz^nwv 

ingutUy to mend the fire 
murrerinye, s. a species of bird 
murri, together ; as murri ngalgumarrinyelbo, let us eat 

murrippi, s. ebb tide, low water, shoal, sand bank 
murru, adj. soft, yielding 
murru, sand, soil, ashes 
murrunyu, not strong, or lasting, breakable ; murrungu 

murruUu kauo, water in the sand 
murrumparriti, v. to live on the ground, creep like 

snakes, &c. 
murti, s. sahnon, a species of fish 
murtilli^ adj. stiff, hard ; as Jcakka murtilli, a hard head, 

i.e. blockhead 
murtilliti^ v. to be stiff; as iudna murtilliti, to be costive 


murtiti, v. to rejoice^ exults shout ; as at sight of a shoal 
of fish, or of other game, when the natives will express 
their joy by saying : ngaitye kuya, ngaitye kuya, my 
fish, my fish ; or ngaitye parUy ngaitye paru^ my game, 
my game, &c., &c. 

muwai, s. an edible kind of berry 

muwayriti, v. to be employed in, to remain or stop ; as 
hiyanga yurarri muwanitanna, the men are employed 
in catching fish 

muwaringutu, v. to wg^it, await, to delay 

murtu, different, separate ; as murtu ngai nungkakka mat, 
give me (my) food separate 

murtuitya, ditto 

murtiinyu, s. a species of fish 

mutya, adj. ripe 

muyu, s. back 

muyunga ikkata, to sit on the back, i.e. to ride 

muyunnarra, adj. safe, unharmed, preserved ; as mvyun^ 
nara kauo marroha padnatao mirriye, a native can 
travel safe without water 

muyukartu, adj. very desirous, greedy ; ias maimuyukartu 

muyukartukartu, out of breath, panting 

muyukartu karturriti, to be out of breath, blowing 

muyu wawutu, to breath heavily, to be out of breath 

N • 

Nai, adv. first ; as kauo nai kattikka^ first fetch water 

naieri, s. the sky, heaven 

nakkulpitij v. to look for, seek 

nakkungarriti, v. to be of dim sight, to be on the point 
of dying 

nakkuttu, v. to see, understand, know 

nalbata, v. to bend 

nalka, right, just ; as nuro nalka ngai pallanna, you named 
me right ; nalka kundaintyanna ngarbi malbu mannu 
para justly have they killed, ngarbi, a great murderer he 

nallanta, ado. loud ; as naUanta tmliti, v. to laugh loud 


nalara^ moving, restless ; as nalara yuwataoy warri yoho 

the vessel pitches 
nallata, v. to break, sever ; karfeti nallata, to marry 

naltiti, v. to stir ; as gadla naltiti, to stir the fire 

naltyata, v. to feel about, grope ; as in a hole for game 

nalya, s. Jock, ringlet; sls kakkanalyaranna, a cwrly head 
of hair 

nalyarinye, as kakka nalyarinya, curled hair 

nambarni, adv. a little while ago, this way, hither 

nambarriti, v. to cover oneself 

nambata, v. to cover 

nambingarriti, v. to lick 

nambiti, v. to lick 

namminni, how many 

nanganna=maialla, never mind, let be 
/ nangka=ningka 

nangka=milla, bad 

nani, harmless, lightly ; as nani paiatarru wabmanya, the 
bite of the wabna snake is harmless 

nankata, v. to taste, immitato 

nanna, wrong, bad ; as nanna nganninguntyaru nuralli 
Kungkaiiga, badly has Kungkanga guided you 

nanni=inna, this 

nantiti, v. to whine, lament ; as nantitao yura yadni ; 
ngaitye midla ngeirtye midla nallaintyar'atto, a man la- 
ments thus : my midla, my midla, I could break it 

nanya, adj. lean, ugly 

nara, i.e. wilyakunyoy ghost or departed soul 

naralya, s. ditto 

narna, near, close to ; as nurkumi narna^ close to t)iee 

narranda, adj. fast tough 

narranditi, v. to be fast, tough 

narru narru, quick ; as narru ngukakka, go quick 

natta, s. back, spine, ridge, wortanna natta, ridge of the 
sea, i.e. wave 

nauwe=nganna, what, who 

nauwindi=ngannaru, what for 


nauo or ^ the national name of the native tribe inhabit- 
i nawo, J ing the country about Coffin's Bay 
nemi,=yalluyu, a species of fish 
nemi, s, lip 
[ nemi penduUiti, v. to let one's lip hang down, to look 

sour, sullen 
nengki, s. seal 
nidlata, v. to stop remain ; as 7igai karnkimge nidlata^ I 

shall stop in the house, i.e. at heme 
nikarra, adj, ripe; as nikarra figallitao mat yurra yuU 

nilai, s. an edible species of root 
nilkata, v. to squeeze 
niltenni, s. a small species of snake 

ningka, interj. let see, give me 
nimmata, v. to pinch, touch, feel, squeeze ; as pendunnu 

ninmilye, s. a water bird 
ninna, pron. thou 
ninga ningariti, v. to imitate 
ninka palla, s. spouse, concubine 
nunka palliti, ditto 
ninnata, v. to accuse, suspect 
nintyalla warnitao kauo, 
nintyattalla, perhaps, quick ; as nintyatalla parreri ngu- 

kataOy he goes perhaps down 
nintye, so, thus, such ; as ninna kappara worta, you are 

a lazy fellow, nintye ninna kutyo, such are you also 
nintyernann/i, enough, sufficient 
nirrariti, v, to assemble 
niri, s. a part of the abdomen 


nita, s. spring, fountain 

nita kayu, s. spring water 

niyarra, s. glutinous kind of berries, eaten roasted 


nondo^ s. a dhrub bearing an edible fruity in the shape of 

beans^ which the natives roast between heated stones 
nondomai, s. the fruit of the nondo 
nudla, s. the large bag carried by the woman 
nudlutu, V. to put in, imprison, bury 
nukunnu, s. national name of a native tribe inhabiting 

the country about the head of Spencer's Gulf 
nulkiinyu, s. the eggs of lice, nits 
nundalla. Thistle Island 
nungkunturrutu, v. to give ; mai nungkunturrukka 
nungkutu, v. to give, impart, to shoot ; as kattangapuru 

kungkukku shoot the animal 
nungkurriti, v. ditto 
nungkulputu, v. to infect 
nungkung karriti. v, to confess lie on one side 
nungurru, careful, not wasting ; as nungurru kundatdnna 

mai mundulturringe kiitta hatta battarrini, the Europeans 

beat out the food (wheat) carefully, not spilling any 
nunkurni, of thee 
nunko, thy, thine, of thee 
nunkurninge, with thee 
nunkurnuru, towards thee 
nunata, v. to push 

nunangarriti ngungkurninyinge, to lie sleeping , 
nunantata, v. to tie up 
nunnata, v. to swallow, consume ; as kartetinge nunna 

tarru yerdli 
nunnarriti, v. to swallow 
nunno, thou, the agent ; as ngannuru nunno ai kundata, 

why dos't thou beat me ? 
nunyara, surviving, or restored to health ; as nunyara 

ikkata, kayabidni kutta padlutu,\ie will survive, he wont 

die of the spear wound 
nunyarriti, v. to recover, survive 
nunyata, v. to make wet and cold ; as kauunga nunya^ 

tarru yura^ rain makes a man wet 
nuralli, pron. second person, plur. ye, you 


nurallidni, of, or from you 

nurallidninge, with you 

nurallidniru, toward you 

nuralluru, of you, your 

nurbata, v. to catch, lay hold 

nurbarriti, v. as kimt/o nurbarriii 

nurko, of thee, thy 

nurkurni, from thee 

nurkurninge, with thee 

nurkurniru, towards thee 

nurnara, s. low gum scrub 

nurni, s. neck, nape 

nurnikkiti, v. to break the neck of an animal, extin- 
guish it's life 

nurni marti, s, neck scar, a fleshy knob in the necks of 
the male natives produced by tattooing 

nurni moko, ditto 

nurni malka, thick throat, opprobrious 

nuro, thou, the form used by father and children 

nurnpiti, v. to be with, remain 

nurnpinyutu, v.a. to approach 

nurreri, far away : for a long time, nurreri nguJcana:ina, 
they are gone far away 

nurrerinye, adj, distant, remote 

nurru, s. a species of snake, black snake 

nurti, s. knapsack, net bag, carried by men 

nurtutu, V. to fill, press in, paipa nurtutii to fill the pipe 

nurtungarriti, v. to rub ; as viena nurtungarriti, to rub 
one's eyes 

nutu, false, incorrect, joking 

nutu, wanggata, to make an unfounded statement 

nutu-ngalli, sad, sorry 

nuwalla, you two 

nuwallidni, of, from you two 

nuwallidninge, with you two 

nuwallidnuru, towards you two 

nuwalluru, of you two, your 


nuwadnaga, you two, viz. vgammanna and wintya, uncle 
and nephew, husband and wife 

nuwndnagadni, of, from you two 

nuwadnagadninge, with you two 

nuwadnagadnurii, towards you two 

nuwadnagguru, of you two, your 

niiwarinye, you two, father and child 

nuwarinyidni, of, from you two 

nuwarinyidninge, with you two 

nuwarinyidnuru, towards you two 

nuwarinyuru, of you two, your 

nuwirri=nurreri, far away 

nuwutu, V. to stab 

nga, adi\ yes 

ngabitye, not eatable, useless 

ngadlaga, w^ two, {rigammania and wintya) 

ngadhigadni, of, from us two 

ngadlagadninge, with us two 

ngadlagadnuru, towards us two 

ngadhigguru, of us two, our 

ngadlamba, s. an actor in a native ceremony 

ngadli, pron. dual, we two 

ngadlidni, of, from us two 

ngadlidninge, with us two 

ngadlidnuru, towards us two 

ngadluru, of us two, our 

ngadlirriti, i\ to be sad, sorry 

ngadluru, the fleshy part of the abdomen 

ngai. piyjji. first person, sing. I 

ngaityaba, s. younger brother 

ngaityara, s hvmting party In summer when food 
is plentiful and the grass sufficiently dry to burn, the 
natives assemble in large numbers for the purpose of 
hunting on a large scale, by selecting whole districts 
of country and surrounding the game upon it 

ngaityaranga ngukata, to go upon a hunting expedition 

ngaitye, my, mine 


ngaityurni, of or from me 
ngaityurninge, with 
ngaityurniru, towards me 
ngakun^a, acter 
ngakunya pnrti, ditto 
n^akiinyu, s. rectum 
ngala, the thick part of the thigh 
ngalapa, s. hip 

ngalbalUti, v. as marni ngiirho ngalbalUtao 
ngalbata, v. to enter, go down 
ngalbarriti, v. to stoop, creep through or under 
ngalgutu. V. to eat 

ngalgungutu, v,a. to make or let eat ; as ngai itl xoortair 
lo mat inurtuiiMahMin^utanna. 

r> o o 

ngalku, i.e. wadlata p'mnarcuiga yuwatao^o, tree standing 

in a lake 
ngalla, much, plenty, many 
ngallai, s. name of the ninth child if a male 
ngaUka, s. name of the ninth child if a female 
ngallanniti, to become large, grow 
ngallanningutu, to make grow, increase 
ngalli, s. liver. The natives consider the liver as the 

seat of the feelings, wherefore many compounds are 

formed with it. 

ngalli bakkamba, adj. sympathizing 
ngallibakkambiti, ?;. to relent, sympathize 
ngalli kuri kariti, v. to sympathize 
ngalli ngutarriti, v. to grieve, fret 
ngalli parnkato 

ngalli wapperriti, v. to feel anxious 
ngalli wawutu, v. to be sad dejected 
ngalli yaltata, to rejoice, exult 
ni^allira, a friend, confident, ngallira yura 
ngalliti, v. stronir, able ; to burn, take fire 
ngalta worta. Tod River, so far as salt 
ngaltya, sweet, eatable, drinkable 



ngalyakka, brackish 

ngamma, s. female breast, milk 

ngammaityu, mother 

ngammama, s. uncle 

ngammata, v. to go, run, come 

n":ammani»Titu, v. to make come, fetch 

ngammantutu, v. to keep going, running 

ngammi, s. mother 

ngammiri, s. orphan, a person bereft of his parent 

ngammirlinye, s. two brothers, a pair of brothers 

n^ammiti, a female animal, having born }oung ones 

ngampa, s. an edible species of root 

ngampa wallara, s. a }ellow flower 

njiampurko, s. a root smaller than the ngampa 

nsandalla, s. a species of kangaroo rat 

nganderi, of different colors, spotted 

ngandi, s. sunshine, light, the reverse of /wflrf/o, shade 

ngando, s. upper arm 

ngandowalbo, strong-armed, poweiful 

ngangkalla, s. stomach 

ngangkalla, s. male bird, cock, of any species 

ngangkurninye, side, sleeping posture 

nganijunge, s. chin 

nganiti, v. to return 

nganingutu, v. to send, carry back 

nganinganningutu, take back; 2is yarru ikkai, mai mai" 

alia ngalgunnu ziakko wiiiiniyarannay nganivganirgidUy 

let me sit down, take the food back and let it not be 

eaten, as they have not dug 
nganka, interference in a quarrel, prevention of a fight 

protection from aggression 
nganka worta, a person interfering, preventing a fight, 

nganka yabrniti,, to remonstrate, interfere 
ngankuru^ whose 

nffankurni, of, from whom 

n^rankurninge, with whom 

n*i:ankurnuru, to whom 

nganna, proiu interrog, who, what 

nganna, 5. forehead 

ngannabunta, opprobrious expression 

ni; annalli, musk duck 

nuannanda, adj, friendly, hospitable 

njjannanna, s. palate, roof of the mouth 

ngannara, s. north-east wind 

ngannaru, to what purpose, why 

ngannayalta, opprobrious term, knitted brows 

ngannelli, s. a species of water bird 

nganninni, who or what is it, was it, let me see, a solilo- 
quising phrase 

ngannuniba, s. cave, hole in rocks 

ngannungannu, coming gradually back 

ngannun*ie, pron. who, the agent ; as ngannunge ninna 
yernbalnlyarnu who has sent you ? 

ngantun.i^antu, fast, secure; as karnko nganivjigantu, 

ngantya, dear, sweet, pretty 

ngant^ angantya, ditto, very dear 

ngantyarniti, v. ^% ngantyarniti pallara yerdVmnwru^ the 
woman is making up to the husband, endearing her- 
self to him 

ngantyangantyarringutu, v.a. to treat kindly 

nganyara, sweet 

nganyata, v. to praise, commend 

ngappa, fat, corpulent 

ngappalya, s. saliva 

ngappalyarriti, s. to be salivated, foam 

ngappata s. fat 

ngappiriti, s, daughter 

ngarka, incision, (see worringarkd 

ngarkabakko, s. wattle -bird 

ngarkarko, s. species of wattle-bird 


ngarkenni, beyond, on the opposite side 

ngarkiri, s. head dress, the tying of the hair with aii 

oppossum hair girdle 
ngarkundin> e, a species of bird ; yurdne pitara, mung- 

kulf/u vgalgotarru, redbreast 
ngarnka, s. beard 
ngarnka paita, to bite the beard, an expression of great 

ngarnkidi, s. a kind of shell, used for peeling roots 
ngarra, error, deception, falsehood, lie, wrong, astray 
ngarradda, adj. clear, transparent 
ngarradditi, v. to be clear, transparent, settle 
ngarrakungarriti, v. to be pretty 
ngarralbata, v, to miss, not hit the mark 
ngarra mankutu, v. to lead astray 
ngarra nungkutu, v. to deceive, tantalize, viz. to pro- 
mise and not give ; as mai ngarra at iiungkujmarru, he 
did not give me food, gammoned me 

ngarrara, adj. feigning, pretending 

ngarrata, v. to conceive, hatch, bring forth 

ngarrarriti, v. to increase, multiply 

ngarrarrita, s. heap; kutta kubmanna ngarrarta ngalla 

ngarra wangatta, to tell a falsehood 

ngarra yappa, liar 

ngarra yarnata, to belie, deceive ; as nunno ngai ngarra 
yarnannay you did belie me 

ngarri, s. sight, face 

ngarrilli, adj. high, tall ; as kurdli ngarrilli, tall sheoak 

ngarrinye, pron. dual, we two father and son 

ngarrinyidni, of, from us two 

ngarrinyidninge, with us two 

ngarrinyidnuru, towards us two 

ngarrinyuru, of us two, our 

ngarrinyelbo, pron.plur. we 

ngiirrinyelburni, of, from us 

ngarrinyelburninye, with us 


ngarrinyelburniru, towards us 

ngarrinyelburu, of us, our 

ngarrinyi, s. level ; as ngarrinylnyi kuri huri ngalcannao 

bebe, the egg* ran round on the level 
ngarru, s. breaker, roller 
ngarru, circle, enclosure ; as ngarrungu willitanria ngai*^ 

ri??j/elbo, they will surround and spear us 
ngarruru, s. an edible kind of root 
ngarta, s. region about the genitals 
ngarta putti, hair about the genitals 
ng-artara, s. bank, precipice 
ngatto, profi. I the agent 
ngattutu, V. to weep, cry, howl 
ngattungutu, v.a. to weep for, lament, bewail 
ngauurru, shallow 
ngauwalla, word language, dialect ; as Parnkalla ngau- 

walla, the Parnkalla dialect 
ngauwalla marru, a different dialect 
ngauwalla wadli wadli, a person speaking incorrectly 
n^'auwirri, about, round ; ngauwirri ?igukakka, go round 
ngauwirrauwirri, ditto 
n.uauwirriti, s. to <xo round, double 
ngkalli, a^i affix indicating a question ; as wibma ngkalli 

already ? 
ng"uditye, yon, yonder 
njiudityin^e, in yon place, direction ^ 
niiudlalli, s, a mother, a woman havinsf born children 
ngudli, s, pouch of the kangaroo and other marsupial 

ngukaulku, ji^rowinG: ; as ngarnkajmlUnyengiikaulkUyioX, 

or urease makes the beard grow 
niiukata, v. to go, walk 
ngukeli, s. a small kind of native figs 
ngukurko, blister, pimple 
ngulbu, s. a species of fungus 
ngulko, s. cheek 
pguUuko, s, the fat near the genitals of the kangaroo 


ngiilta, s. coverlet over the male pubes 
ngultapa, s youth, young man 

nguetu, importunate,bold, greedy ; mai ngultu, clamour- 
ous for food 
ngultunniti, v, to be bold, reckless 
n;5ultu wittiti, v. to spear ruthlessly" 
ngulu, s. knee joint, hou^h 
ni>umiti, v. to tic round, fasten 
njiummunnummunnu, s. sprini**, fountain 
ngunda, tight, whole ; as kauo ngunda, water tight or 

ngundunyu^ adj. broad, thick ; as hullorki nganna ngun-^ 

ngunna, 'pron. demonstrative, that, you, ngiinna yura, 

inna yuruy that man, this man 
n^'unnara, yonder 
nj»unnaramba, ditto 

niiunininzutu, v.a. to show, offer, present 
n:j:unninj;unninL»utu, v. to carry home 
nu'unniti, «;. to motion with the hand, beckon to come 
Hiiunnirriti, v, to show with hand, count 
Hiuntinjiiuntirriti, v. to whirl, twirl ; as karra rigunting^ 

untirritao pulba, yarru mrnnyey hii^h whirls the dust, 

like a whirlwind 
ngunya, over ripe, decayed, karkalla ngunya^ the figs 

(are) over ripe 
ngunyalla, adj. as yun^e ??ffunyaUa, mindful 
ngupi, 5. darkness, pitch dark night 
ngupinniti, to be dark 
ngupinningutu, v.a. to make dark, 
ngupurrupurriti, v. to be pitch dark ; ngupiirriipiirrinty^ 

aranga gadla katiitarrUy he carries a firestick because 

it is pitch dark 
ngurata, v. to turn round, throw the waddy, grind, 

draw water, &c. 
niiurdli, crooked 
ngurdlmgurdli, round about,serpentine 


nji^urdlirriti, to bore turn round, squeeze 

nguriti, v. paityanjia nguriti, to quarrel, fall out 

nj^urko, sap 

nur^jok mai, the flower of a very small shrub, which 

tastes very sweet ; by shaking* the stem the flowers 

drop and the natives often collect a considerable 

quantity of them 
ngurko, deep, abyss ; ngurJco Icauo,an unfathomable water 
n^urkunniti, v. to be happy, rejoice 
ngurrinniti, v. to be sore, running* ; as 7nena ngurrinniti 

yataranga, the eye is running, being hurt by a blade qf 

njurro, hair, hakka nguno 
n^urtiti, v. to accuse 
n:4*urtu, 5. cheek 

ngutata,, v. to loosen, untie, break 
ngutarriti, v. to break out; di^paityangutarrity, to be- 

ji'in quarrelling 
ngutha, yonder, ngutha warradla yonder, away 
niiitharu, in yonder direction 
nguwata, v. to ask, entreat, pray 
nguwangutu, v.a. to, implore, ask for 
nguwan;:arriti, v. to'en treat 
nguyarriti, v. to shake one's leg, dance 


Pa, pa, inter), hush, hst 

pa, an affix, as marnitapay very good, mantyarrappa, very 

pabmi, s. a small bag, purse 
pabmi, s. dirt ; kudna pabmi 

padityidli}'*'^^'^Se, unknown 

padlata, v. to wash 

padlarriti, v. to play 

padia padlarindi, play, joke 

padlo, pron. he, she, it ; as padlo ngai mai kutta nung 


kunnarruy he did not give me food 
padlutu, V. to die, be extinguished ; gadla padhniyizd, 

the fire is gone out 
padlunyunu, all, the whole 
^adnata, v. to go. Tliis word is often used where the 

]Eni»lish lanj;uap;e would require the auxiliary verb io 

bs ; as iiimia yurreyrrppu par/nafa ? \ ou are aware ? ngai 

kuhmanna padiiataj I am alone, i.e. have no relatives 
padnantutii, v. to keep walking- about 
padnan.i»kutu, v. to make i>o, send ; SLspadnangJaiiu kuhr 

mannay he sends me alone 
pai alia, cold 
pai alliti, v. to be cold 
paiata, v. to bite 

pai irkiti, v. to feel acute pain, suffer intensely 
pailba, s. bush, shrub 
paitya, angry, hostile, quarrel, fin»ht 
paitya ni>alla, very angery, quarrelsome 
paityando, fierce, strong, able ; as paltyando Icundakka, 

strike fiercely, hit hard 
paityanniti, v to be or become anzry 
paityanniuL^utu, v. to attack, quarrel with 
paityarta, noxious, danuerous, venomous 
paityarta wadlata, thorn bush 
paityartiti, v. to hurt, injure, endanger 
paitya yalturu, warlike, brave 
palba, s. ticklish, ticklishness 
palba, s, dry grass, rubbish; as g^rx5?/«j9a/6a, combustible 

palballa, ditto, as palballa piyirritao bukarranga, the 

grass withers from the heat 
pilbanniti, v. to be ticklish, itchy 
palkanyalla, whitish, grey ; as ngarnlca palkanyallfi, "vvljite 

or grey beard 
palkarra, white, palkarra yurUy a white man 
palkara, a species of eucalyptus, blue gum 
palkata, to shine, extend, jump, run ; zoarra paj^tao 


ngaitye mena, far extend my eye, was the remarks of 

a native when let out of prison 
palkerrintye, s. a species of bird, shrike 
palkiti, V. to crackle; as gadla palkUao,the fire crackle 
palkirriti, v. to crack, break, become loose ; as kakkalb 
palkirritao mai madlanga, the girdle becomes loose for 

want of food 
palkirringutu, v.a. to crack, break, as an egg, &c. 
palkurru, yellowish, cream colored 
palko, 8. knee pan 
pall a, level, or fertile ; as palla yerta, fertile or levei 

pallai, as koyapallai 
pallakarriti, to rise, get up, hasten ; as pallakarrUad 

yura padnayurn^ the man hastens to go 
pallanna, of a place, the fountain 
pallanniti, v. to produce, pronounce, name 
pallanningarriti, v. to be named, have the name 
pallara, a*, woman, dual ; pallalbdUyplar. pallarri,women 
pallarra, light, candle, seeing ; as 7ig{n meiia pallarra, 

kutta menci wapongal, I can see, I am not blind 
pallaru, thin ; as kadla mmmiii, kutta kurta pallaru 
pallarri, (woman) a constellation, the Pleiades 
pallarriti, s. to shine, be lighted, enlightened ; as yuU 

lupunge yura pallarrltao, by truth a man becomes 

prillarringutu, v.a. to enlighten, instruct, inform 
pallata, v. to pull, draw, let loose, start 
pallapallata, v. to jerk one's tongue, express, surprise 
palli, s. flank, groin 
palpanda, plain, even, smooth 
palparni, a kind of rush or tree 
palparta, s. the fag ends of the kangara or grass tree 

roots ; that part of the grass tree which grows above 

ground and cannot be eaten. When kangara is in 

season, the country is strewed with this palparta and 

the natives are easily tracked by it. 


palpata, v. to move, shift ; as madluru palpakka, mov 

into the shade 
pulta, cloak, clothing 

paltalta purdnu, the flower of the native geranium 
palta piyi, thin clothing, shirts 
paltarra, s. gum scrub 
paltata, to knock, thrust, beget 
paltimbiti, v.a. to broil, roast ; as kuya paltimbitannc^i 

they are broijing fish 
paltu, s. sound, noise 

paltu babmantiti, v. to sound, make a noise 
paltu paltu, decayed, rotten 
palturriti, v. to diminish, decrease 
paltyarra, s. a species of rat 
paluworra, s. light clouds in a hot day, haze 
palya or palyapalya, cool breeze, evening breeze 
palyamba, feeble, weak ; as marra palyamba 
palyo, slowly, gently 
pana, crack, crqvice, gap, wrinkle 
pana kulakularriti, v. to crack burst 
pana gudna, a person bleeding, letting blood 
l)andanya, striped, rifled, florled 
pandarri, s. sky, heaven 
pangarriti, v. to be ripe, ripen 
pangkurru, weak, sick 
pangkurriti, v. to be sunburnt, brown 
paniti, v. to dig, burrow, bury 
panna, he, she, it 
pannai, s. a species of fungus 
pannara, s. knee cap, patella 
pannara, s. a stone with a rough surface used as a 

rasp in sharpening the grubbing sticks 
pannitye, he^ she, it, that there 
pannityinge, in that, there 
pannityuru, that way, thither 
pannu, even,flat, level 
panniintyaru, of him, his 


panta^ brackish, salt, bitter 
panta kauo, fermented liquor, wine, spirits 
pantapantarriti, Vy to be thirsty 
I >anyaltiti, v. to be thirsty 

|»ap|)a, v,a. young one, pup, whelp ; worru pappa, ]oey 
pappalya, ditto 

papparniti, to become a young one, i.e. be born 
|)apparnko, s. old acquaintance, friend 
papparta, opi)osite or near ; karnko papparta opposite 
the house 

pappi, s. father 

pai)piranye, father and son 

p-.ipfiullu, 5. reins, kidneys 

para, he, she, it, this word occurs only at the end of a 
sentence ; as kundakkapard, strike him 

pardla, s. ancle 

pardna, s. a species of lizard 

pardnapa, s. a circumcised youth, distiguished by having 
his long hair secured in a netting 

pardnaj)|iaru, s. a young forward fellow 

jmrdni, hither, this way 

jiardnitye, this here 

pardnityinge, here 

parkata, v. to shake, dust, as clothes, &c. 

jiarnata, z;. to push, drive, scare away 

]>arnbaparnbarriti, v. to reel, stumble 

p'.irnbilli, as mena parnbilli, squinting 

]>arndabirru, s. bozenbird 

parndalla, s. lime 

parndalla kadnya, limestone 

parndanna, s. a kind of gum scrub 

parnda worra 

parndeti, v. scar, lump 

|iarnipinye, s. wart 

parnkalla, s. national name of the native tribes, inha- 
biting the western coast of Spencer's Gulf and the 
adjacent country 


parnkalla ngaurralla, s the Parnkalla dialect 
parnkalliti, v. to be Parnkalla, to speak the Parnkalla. 

language ; as ngarrinyelbndnmge ninna Parnkalliti 

throuiih us or with us you are ParnAalla,i.e. you hav^ 

learned the lan^uaue from us 
parnkata, v. as ??galH pctrnkaia 
parnkunibu, s. crepitus ventri 
parnma, s. chi|) ; as kurdli parnma, chip of sheoak 
parnma, ado. ere before 
parnmanna, ditto before hand; as panimanna mai nung — 

kuk/ca, uive the food befere hand 
parpa, s. South 
parra, s. thinijf, somethinjf ; as parra kutyo ninna wang^ 

ganna, you said somethinj;- else 
parra, 8. fork cf a tree 
parradia, afl^*. still, unmoved ; us parradla t/uwattao ztar-* 

rinyoka murdlirinyi 
parrakutyu, adj. until ; as ninna Adelaidiru parrahut^ 

yungu ngukaintyaranga yalgaltanga kanaru ; yalgalta 

may wait till you go to Adelaide 
parri, deep, below, river 
parriri, very ; as mantydrri parriri, very fine 
parriti, v. to disappear be silent 
partalye, s. scar 

])artaparta, s. brothers in law brothers having one wife 
parti, s. j> rub, cati pillar,, egi? 

jiartu, stiff or bent muyu partn, stiff backed stoopinsf 
partiityuru, as, madia partUtyunu, long rumped^ kantir 

paru, animal, game, meat, as warruparu kangaroo 

meat, paru ikara manna wondakka, no game [)lenty 

let alone i.e. to be sure 
paruntu, deceased dead 
paru pa, adv. very well, do, so ; as pallarri nudlua^ att0 

parupdf I shall imprison the women^ very well 
paru paru, gray 
paruparurritij s. to be gray 


patha, there 

7>athar, there 

pathani, thither * 

pathitye, that 

j)atta, as patf a kauo; kauanno xcormlaopaita kawmga 

pattarnda, open ylade, an open plain surrounded by 

scrub, oasis 
pattata, v. to scold, abuse, accuse ; as badlongai vgan 

7iaru imitamijarrUy why did he abuse me ? 
pattiti, V. to be silent wait, consider 
])aii, a call, hallo, cooee 
payipayirriti, v. to be exhausted, tired 

min^kanga ])ayipayirriti, exhausted ty pain 

karnbanga payipayirriti, exhausted by hun<jer 
peki, 8. small dots on shoulder or arm produced by tat- 
peli, as mHa pelt the hardned paste found on the i.iit 

heaps, and serving as partitions of the cells 
peli, s. the white of an egg 
pelintya, a yellow flower, retaining its color in its dried 

pelukko, s. pit of the stomach 
]>elupelu, as yurre pelupelu not mindful, forgetful 
peluru, a hard root growing in the scrub, the thick skin 

oF which is eaten when roasted 
|>enduliti, v. as ne mi jyendiilliti, to look sour ^ make mouths 
1 i3ndunnu, as psndunnu wittiti pendiinmi nimniata 
j:engi, qffiv, for, in exchange for, for the value of-.gcfd" 

laps/igi m%i nungkutanna, they give food for firewood 
pent ye, shoulder blade 
penu ponu, crooked, clumsy ; kurdlipenuj^enu, a crooked 

unsightly sheoak 
pcnyi s. smart, pain 
penyiti, v. to be painful, smart 
perru, arlj* small ; as perru kat//a, a small child 
peru or perdu, strong, firm fast, immoveable ; as nrsin- 

durru perru, a strong tough rope 



perudu, s. a species of hawk 

pcrutu, adj. startled ; as penitu waii ngukutao warru 

perutata, v. to be startled, start off 

pidlara, ojfix. skilled in, used to, expert ; as 7/erla p'idlar 
skilled in swimmin'!, swia.mcr 

pila, 6*. charcoal 

pilal} c, fine, pretty ? 

pilba, little bit, piece ; as viai pllha iiiuigkukk ai give 
a bit of food, intwo, to pieces 

pildavi kintye, a species of bird, plover 

pildcrllderi, s. plover 

pilgata, t\ to open find 

pilgalpiti, v.a. to open 

pillalla, s. plate 

pilla, s. oppossum 

])illa putti, oppossum hair 

pillara, thin, scarce, scattered ; as kurdUpillara, the she- 
oaks are scarce 

pillarriti, v. to be scarce scattered 

pillarringutu, t\a, to make scarce, diminish, consume : 
as mai liuiia ])illar}ngutanna 

pilla worta, Mr. Driver's station 

piltilye, s. spark 

piltiti, V. to sparkle, crackle ; us gadla pUiilao, (he fire 
throws out sparks 

pilturpilturpu, the fl.ishing of a fire stick carried about 
at niikt 

pirturlpiti, v. to light, to carry a light to see by 

pilyilye, 6*. butterfly 

pilyurn, extensive, wide spread ; gadlainlyurUi an exten- 
sive fire 

pimba, coal black, shining black 

])inba, pine tree 

pinba moko, pine apple 

p.nda, slow, gentle ; us jjinda padnalo 

pinba, s. cherry tree 

pindamai, s. cherry fruit 

j>inda pinda, s. large species of fly, horse fly 

X^inderi, s. shears, scissors 

j:>inka, s. a small bone near the hip,used for peeling roots 


"pinkyata, to call, name adopt 
pinkyangurriti, to be named 
pinmanta, not doing the thing promised or desired ; as 

pinmanta ngiikannaxvOy he is gone without doing it 
pinmanta worta, s. a person flinching from his duty, 

lazy fellow 
pinmata, v. to refuse, shirk out of it ; as p'mmatanna, 

kutyo mait-anga mtfiuru, the others refuse to dig 
pinna marra, s. a name for a relative 
pinnata, v. to tremble, quiver, shiver 
junta, affix, stingy, tenacious of ; as maipinta 
pint a, ado. through ; as pinta kulata, to cut through, 

pinta 7igukata, to go through, i.e. away 
pintata, to poke, pick, prick 
pinyapinyata, v. to call, hail. 
pintya kakka, shoulder bone 
pipara, s. ring tail oppossum 
piralla, s, black magpye 

*pirata, v. to spread extend; as gadla piratUy the fire- 
piri, s. name of the first child, if a boy 
piri, enough ; as ngai, piri wanggamia, I have said it 

often enough 
piri or pirthi, as pirthi malo, not heading, or noticing ;. 

pirthi malo vgukata, to forget 
piri piri, or pirthi pirthi, ditto 
piri manka, s. doj^: fish 
piri mepunnu bidni, 
piriti, V. to be ripe, ripen 
pirra, s. moon 
pirra, 5. shell, nautilus shell; 


pirrata, v. to pluck 

pirri, s. forked stick, fork of a tree 

pirrinyiti, v. to touch, lay hold, detain 

pirriti, v. to carry in the hand, draw, pull 

pirthi pirthi, see piri piri ; as pirfhi phi hi ngaUviao 
ngarnmi kaiiijarUy i.e. it is nothing but the mother cry- 
ing for the child 

pita, s. needle case, hollow bone in which is placed the 
pointed bone used in sewing 

pita, s. libido, lust 

pita=:ilka ^ 

pita manna > libidinous 

pila ngalla ) 

pitara, s. red, pitarayura, soWier 

pitata, V. to knock,p3lt,stanip,k;ck/<:a2/z/;ig'a jo/to^arr^/the 
rain is pelting 

pitapitata, v. to knock 

piteripiteri, afraid, cowardly 

pitha, s, lungs 

pitha pitha, ditto 

p'ithara, winded, b^own 

plthara pilliiara, ditto 

pithara kattu kattu, ditto 

])ithara kattukatturriti, v. to be winded, out of breath 

pittiti, V. to pick up 

pityarri, by and bye ; presently 

pityerki, timber, boards door, any smooth piece of wood 

pityindi, smooth, soft 

pityurnu, scale of fish 

piya, as kiirdll plija, shcoak leaves 

piyakularriti, v. to be angcr\ , enraged 

piyi, s. the skin of the human body, any thin skin like 

matter, as paper, linen, 8:c. 
piyirriti, v. to dry up, whither, 
piyipiyirriti, to whither, blush, be shy, ashamed 
piyipiyirringutu, v. to make a;shamed^ say tilings to 
blush at 


pudla, s. a species of fungus 

"pudlal ye, s. a species of parrot, black head 

yudlaiibi, ^;r6>;2. they two, husband and wife ; aspudfanbi 

pad/iamatta, they two are married, husband and wife 
pudli, s. anus, the butt end of anything 
pudli-irra, afraid, a coward 
pudli kalteri 
pudli narra, bold, brave 
pudli punata, v. to turn over, roll 
pudliti, V. to turn upside down, invert, pervert ; as nunno 

ngamval/a piid/iti, you pervert the language 
pudlirriti, v, to turn one's self, change 
pudlipudlirriti, v. to be giddy; eis jjudlipudlirrini wornin 

ai I fell being giddy 
pudli walga, pregnant 
pudli Yalta, s. an opprobrious expression 
pudli yappa, an opprobrious expression 
pudni, s. nest ; piidnipUgata, to find a nest 
pudnu, s. scrub generally 
pudnu malla, low scrub, heath 
j)ulba, s. dust ; kattapulba, gunpowder 
jiulballa, $. sponue 
pulbanniti, v. to be dusty, mourn, bewail, to shed, drop 

as seeds 
pulbu)lu, s. a kind of berry, native gooseberry 
pulburu, dusty 

j>ulka=bulka, old, old man kangaroo 
])ulkanto, ditto 
pulkarra, a s])ecies of tree producing a black sort of 

raisin, manna tree 
pulkarra, the raisin of the pulkarra 
pulki wituru, survivor ; as niani pulki wituru padiiata, 

you will survive 
puiku, .y. mouse 
"|)ulku ulku, i.e. yernbayanbanyalla, commanding, domi* 

pulla, pond ; kauo pulla 


P n^-i. >wann 
puUaitye J 


puUapulla, as mat yakkatanna yurra piiUapiiUanga, they 

seek food in different |)laces 
pullamba, s. porcupine grass ; a crustacious speciGS of 

pulli, s. fat, grease ; as warm pulli, kangaroo fat 
puUimai, a species of fungus 
pullipuUilbi, s. a species of beetle 
pulli yukirriti, v. to be painted with black paint 
pullu, light ; yiiranga pullti wayandatarray paityojiga 
puHulyita, sugar 

puUulyu, s. as burkalla pallata pullulyu 
puUutu, V. to wipe, brush, sweep 
puUungarriti, v. to wipe one's self, wash 
pullunniti, v. to be light 

pulta, again, oft ; 2l% piiltawanggakkay say it again 
pultinultini, 5. mustache 
pulyo, small, little, } oung 
pulyurkuru, dwarf, pygmy 
punailgurriti, v. to become loose, undone 
punalkiti, v. to break, give way 
puna punarriti, v. to crumble to ])ieces 
punata, v. to pull up or down, break; ?i%karnliopnnnata 

to tear the hut or the house down ; to put out ; as worri 

pundarri, s. tall scrub generally 
punda, 5. ball, cake, dumpling 
pundarningutu, v. to make into a ball 
punga, inflammable, combustible ; as punga piya, .dry 

pungkutu, V. to stab, bite, wound, kill 
pungkurriti, v. to fight, quarrel 
pungurru, s. dagger, a pointed bone 
punnu^ lagoon ; as kauo punnu ; rushes^ reedy grass 

punnu mudla, Kirtoti Point 

"^punta, s. paru marnta mirrinye, i.e. an animal similar to 

the marnta 
j)unt)ullii, pin, needle 
^)ura, low scrub, heath 
^urarra, weak, feeble, tired 
jpurarriti, v, to be weak, tired ; ngai kakka puramii, 

I have head ache 
3)urdli or purli, star 
^purdnu, s. flower, blossom 

purdnu, pin, peg, nail, key 

-purkabidni, an imaginary being ; invisible companion 

purlu, porous, light of weight 

purlupu, s. the string of hair dividing the abdomen 
into two halfs 

purnda, round stone, pebble 

purperinye, s. a species of bird 

purra^ s. knee 

purrai, s. a large species of kangaroo rat 

purrcJla, s. a species of fungus 

purrata, v. to call, hail 

purri, s. hill, mountain 

purrelli, s. hedge hoj^* fish, any crustacious species of 

purrenye, s. a shrub producing? an edible kind of raisin 

purri, adj. blunt, docked; as idna purri, having short 
mulitated toes 

purro, adj. yet, still, applied to anything that: retoaciBS 
in its original state ; alive 

purrulye, ditto ; ngai purrulye mai madlaylam still with- 
out food 

purrudu, crumb, bit ; mai purr udu, crumbs of bread - 

purrudu purruditi, v. to crumble to pieces 

purruUu, s. quail 

purrununnutu, v. to cram, eat greedily 

puttH, s. heap 

puttie, haur 


puttinggarri, the hairside of a skin 

puttiperinye, s. a species of bird 

puttutu, V. to ache, tear ; kak/ca pidtutu, to have head 

puttungkutu, V. to make ache ; as nunno yiira kakka 

puttungkutny you make people head ache 
puttiitya, in two, to pieces 
puttutyaputtutya, ditto 
puttutyattata, v. to break to pieces 
put\ e, s. mist, fog 
puyu, smoke 

puyuUu, s. name for a relative, adoptive son 
puyuru, smcky ; SiHpuyuru kauOy smoky drizzling rain 
puyunniti, v. to smoke ' 


Ta, it, or it is ; as innaratd there it is 

tadli, 6*. spittle, foam 

tadlimbarriti, v. to be salivated, to water ; as tadlimbar" 

rit'aiparu makkanga, my mouth waters for want of 

tadlitye, foaming, boiling ; as kavo tadlitye ngadlitaoy the 

water boils 
taitysL, jerky {ar; as taiti/apalkatao idnya, the cat jumps 

tallalla, White's Station 
talli, s. the young of a bird, pullet 
tallilliUilli, full to the brim, running over 
taltatalta, s. noise, rumbling 
taltye, the gums 
tanya, s. raisin, gum 
tannanna, Sleaford Bay 
tardnintyiti, v. to be tired 
tarkalla, hard, swollen, inflamed ; as ngai worna tar-- 

kulla, mv stomach is hard 
tarkalliti, v. to be hard and swollen 
tarndatarndata, v. to smack one's lips 


tarna, fast, strong 

tarralla, as iarralla yawatao waniyoko 
tarrala, seed, urain 

tarri, p'i^fix, over, by way of, in the direction of; as 
7;iw;/i,^Av//////^/v7, in the direction of the flag staff 

tartatarta, s. a species of bird 

taiiaUa, tlie swamp 

tohii, s. pinguin 

tolilye, Biddle's Station 

tsu, an expression of anger ; isu milla yiira, out ! you 
wicked fellow 

tuin-nga, s. yarnerimje mhrinye 

tulatularingutu, v. to forgive, conciliate 

tultumai, a species of fundus 

tumba, as zcorri tumba 

tumburru, high, steep ; as karnko tumhurru 

tunda, i.e. hitta kurru hurra, straight 

turkalta, wet, moist 

turlko, inside ; karnko tiirlkunga, inside of the house 

turnba, s. death strugi»le 

turnba milliti, v. to be struggling with death, on the 
point of dying 

turnngiiwarri, s, south easterly wind 

turru, thin ; as kanii iurru, thin shank 

tuttu. s. soni>* ; tutia kallcilay to sing 

tuttu wt)rniti, to cry 

tutturru, s. a species of sea bird 

tuttututturriti, v. to creak 

tyedityenkata, v.a. to tickle 

tyeduwaila or tviru walla, knowing; as ninnakubnciTia 
ParnkaUa iyednzoalla or iyirii walla , you alone under- 
stand Parnkilla 

tyeka, s. hole in the rocks, lidla iyeka, an oppossum 
hole, liiyer for oppossums 

tyelai or iyelai baitara, a species of gum tree 

tyepa, as yo gadla tyepa 

tyidaru, ado. suddenly, rapidly ; as tyidaru pudlirritanna 


pitararri, the soldiers turn suddenly round 

tyillaor ^ skilled, experienced m\ kujja tijillamarra 

tyillamarra / skilled in fishini^ an expert fisherman 

tyimba or ) i 77 ^ • 7 

f I II- I ashes ; gad la tyimba 

tyindara, s. liijht, candle 

tyingkalla, sprig, dry branch 

tyinukalliti, v. to dry, wither 

tyipalUi, V. the blossom of the nilai root 

tyirlxullu, adj. stiff, haid 

t} irkulliti, as kndna iyirL ulUti, to be costive 

tyirrera, s. a species of [)arrot, blue mountain parrot 

tyitarta, close, fast, shut 

tyitarta \ertata, s. to close, shut, lock 

tyityapi, s, a species of bird, honey sucker 


wabma, s. a species of snake, diamond snake 

waburtu, inierj. hallo 

waburtukkutu, v. to hail, accost 

wadla, tree, fallen timber, block 

wadlata, s. tree, bush 

wadlata, v. to tell, say, communicate 

wadlaugutu, v. to call, invite, persuade 

wadli, wrong, incorrect, wadli wangata, to talk incor- 

wadlimirmmarru, black paint 

wadlu, behind, wadlu ngukuta, to walk behind 

wadna, s. a species of bird, crime 

wadna, 5. boomarang used in Port Lincoln only for kil- 
ling fish ; horn, sword 

wadnara, as wadnara ha no 

wadnirri, s. a kind of red berries growing on the beach 
and of a sweet saltish taste 

wai, jn-obably, contracted form o^wa ngai;sis wai paHtf- 
alii, I am not hostile or wai malbullu, i.e. kutta malbu 


wai-eri, right, correct 

waieridna, s, a species of bird 

waieriti, v. to be right, in good health: 

waii, afraid, fear 

waiilkinyi, afraid, a coward 

wai-imanna, much afraid, coward 

waiikukarnka, adv. get up, get out of my way 

waiikummata, to fear 

waiingukata, to run from fear, flee 

waiinniti, v. to be afraid 

waiiningarriti, v. ditto 

. . ° I . > to make afraid, frifirhten 
wannungkutu J ^ ® 

wailbata, v. to swing round ; as witarna wailbakka^ 

swing the witarna 
wailbawailbata, v. to shake; as kakka wailbawailbaia^ 

to shake the head, nod 
wailbi, s. south west country 
wailkanniti, v. to be careless, indifferent 
wailkanningutu, v. to neglect, slight 
wainballa, as wainballa wanggata 
wainbata, v. to leave, forsake 
wainbarriti, v. to feel forsaken, lovely, to long for 
wainbarringutu, v.a. to forsake, abandon 
wainmata, s. to stir round 
waityuru, s. sore, boil 

waiwaieringutu, v. to put one in the way, instruct 
waka, s. a small species of lizard, (see ibirri) 
wakc.ityakaitya, adj. spotted, striped 
wakalta, adj. shining, glittering 
wakarra, s. neck 

wakka, a privative affix, answering to the English end^ 
ing less ; as kakka wakka, headless, stupid, kuya wakka* 
having no fish, or being no fish erman 

wakkarrata, e?. to make fall, fell 

wakkarri^ s. female kangaroo, doe 



wakl^ar^i, asunder, to pieces, broken 

wakKarriti, to go assunder, break, fall 

wakkarrinj^utu, v. to tear, break 

wakko, a iiegaiwn ; as xcaliko millalio, not bad indeed. 

i.e. very good, wakko, waniyako, no ? what then 
wakkunyu, .y. an actor in some native ceremony; a 

person administering a sacred rite 

wakkurnin\e, ^ -^ ^ i • x 

1 . • 1 . > alternately, m turns 

waKurnmyewakurninye J ^ 

wakkumanna, s. a person bereft of relative 

wakkumballa, s. ditto 

wakutu, v.a. to throw up or out ; as wortannga ngar- 

rinyelbo wakuniyarru karralhuniUy the sea has thrown 

us up 
wala, s. male ? as xoala nguUatao yura ihiyrhige, a man 

is a wala by the ihirri 
wala, s. an administerer of a sacred rite ; as walanga 

manka warnitarru, i.e- the zuala cuts the incision 
wala, s. a heap, multitude ; as wala ikkatanna pitarram 
walba, s. sand 
walbadli, v. strong powerful 
walba moko, sand hill 
walbara, bottom of the sea 
walbara, s. rake, fork 
walbo, s. bone, strong, hard 
walbullu, bony, strong ; as walbullu katta, a hardened 

grubbing stick 
walbung garri, the flesh side of a skin 
walbunniti, v. to be strong 
walbuntu, hard 
walbu peli, rotten, decayed 
walbiirru, s, a species of eagle 
walburru, adj. strong, headstron g 
walburriti, v. to be strong, persist in ; as nuralU wal- 

hurritanna paityanga, you persevere in hostility 
walga, A', bag, protuberance, the protruding part of any- 


walgalgiti, v. to be full, crammed 

walualgingutu, vm, to fill cram 

walganniti, v. to protrude, rise, swell, be pregnant 

\vali>a purrc. Green Hill 

walkiti, V. to roll, swing ; as pityerld walkinni, the door 
is swung to, is fast 

walkingutu, v,a. to roll, swing 

walko, s. hail stone ; kuranna walko, hail storm 

walkutu, v, to praise, commend 

walla, s. wild turkey 

walla, s. fun, joke, niniyananna walla, enough fun ; i.e. 
cease joking 

wallara, joious, funny, droll, witty, intelligent 

wallara, s. saw 

wallaranga yuturriti, t\ to saw 


wallilli, s, a species of fish, cod fish 

wallira, s. day, daylight, the reverse dimalti 

wallu, ,9. space between two objects, gap, interval, open- 
ing, in two, to pieces ; as walla puitukkay cut in two 

wallumba, .9. common rat 

walta, adv, I say pray; as ngaitije walta\ or: kauonung- 
kukkay zvalia, |)ray give me water 

waltirriti, i\ to examine, look into 

waltullu, as palta wallallu, clothed 

walyari, .v. a species of mouse or rat 

wamba, s. side ; as xvamba kutyOy the other side 

wambakutyo yendata, to put the other side down,toturn 

wambara, s. ambush, treachery 

wambaranga ngukata, to be in search of an enemy 

wambaranga wittiti, v. to spear unawares, treacherously 

wambarutyo, otherwise, again 

wambiri, s. seacoast 

wambiri bidni yurarri ; or wambiri, yurarri, coast people 
coast tribe 

wammurru=wornalyaranna, corpulency, big belly 

wana, which, what, where 


^ananga, in which, wherein ? 

wananda, where ; as mat wananda^ where is food 

wanambo, where along^ in which direction ; as wamimho 

ngai ugukata 
wanburru, adj. fast closed 

wandara wandara, thin, scattered, here and there 
wandurru, s. string, rope 
wandurru, s. a shrub with fine yellow blossoms 
wangara, as wangara warri wirritao, the bleak west wind 

is blowing 
wanggata, to say, speak, talk 
wangangutu, v. to tell, inform 
wanggangurriti, v. to converse, talk together 
wanggalbarriti, v. to speak to, tell 
wanggurtu, s. name of the eight child, if a female 
wangguyu, s. name of ditto if a male 
wangi wangi 

trangini wangini, one over the other, double ; as nmno 
wanginiorpalta yarriti, you put one coat over the other 
wangirinye, striped 

wanniti, v. to lie ; as : met/a wanniti to lie sleeping 
wanningutu, v.a. to give; as : maiwanningukka, give me 

wannintutu, v. to remain in a lying posture 
wannata, v. to trace ; as : idna wannata^ to track, kurbo 

wannata to scent 
wannawannangutu, v.a. to deprive, or abdicate ; as : 

nauwringe kungka wannawannonguntyarma 
wantirriti, ^?. to stop, remain 

wantye, how ; as : nunko wantye metye, how is your u^me? 
wantyiti, v. to pour, bale water 
wantyukko, s. young kangarroo 
wapparra, 8. speech, address 
wappara manna, 5. spokesman, speaker 
wappilye, better, restored to health 
wappirtiwappirtiti, t;, to swing from one side to the 
other, slouch 


wappiti; V. to (lo^ make 

wapu, covered, hidden, cover ; as : kauo wapti, the water 

is covered, mena wapu, covered, blind 
Vi^apunniti, v. to be full, worna wapunniti, to be satiated 
wapuwapu, unintelligible, nonsense 
wara, Happy Valley 
wardlubu, hidden, underneath 
wardnu, s. heel 
wardnu, s, the shell of an egg 
wari, or warri, name of the second child, if a male 
warkutu, v. to put in the bag, pocket 
warnbata, v. to bale draw water 
warndi warnditi, to heave ; as : worna warndi tmmditi 

paityangay the belly heaves in rage 
warndu, s. 1 ree, billet of wood, dead root 
warniti, v. to cut off or through 
warnirriti, s. to be hanging, suspended 
warnko, s. i.e. wahma pulyo, small snake 
warnpi=multa, s. one bereft of a near relative 
warnpurtu, s. a woman bereft of her elder brother 
warnpuyu, s. a person bereft of his elder brother 
warpara, postfix, at the time of, when ; as : kauo war^ 

para, at the time of rain 
war pat a, v. to jump, dance about, frisk ; as : patty a war- 

patUy to make hostile gestures 
warpuru, all, the whole 
warpuru kutta, not at all, by no means 
warra, out, far away, absent 
warraitya, s. emu 
warrakka, s. swallow 
warramurru, farther, beyond 

warrara, s. a boy gone through the first sacred rite; 
warrara mankutu, to make a boy a warrara, which is 
done about the age of twelve, when the boy is enjoin- 
ed to speak in an undertone of voice for a month or two 

warrautu, to lighten, warrautao, it is lightening 


warri or warreri 1 about, hither and thither, wani ngur 

warri warri / kata, to wander about 

warri, s. wind ; warri xohrHao, the wind blows 

warrirriti, v. to be about, to live, exist 

warrirringutu, v.a. to keep about, frequent 

warriyi, s. a father bereft of his child 

Marrivoko, s. ship 

warru, true ; warruxoanggata, to speak true 

warru, s, kangaroo 

warrukatta, kangaroo hunt, consisting in surroundini? 

and closing in upon the game till the men are near 

enough to spear them 
warrulputu, v. to go far, make a long journey 
warrunnu, i.e. wadlata 
warrumulyu, s, dwarf native fig 
warrutu, v.ct. to throw about ; as gadla warrutu 
warrunturrutu, v,a. ditto 
warrutu, v. to bake in hot ashes, roast 
Ai arrurriti, v. to be roasting, shrivel up ; ngai iltya war-- 

rurrini bulkanga, my sinews are shriveled up by age 
w^arto, s. wombat 

wartuwarturriti, v. to stretch one's limbs 
wata, s. whale 
watha, where 
watharu, whither 
watiku, dc sert, inhospitable, waterless, xvatiku, yerta^ a 

country destitute of water 
wattaka, s, side of the abdomen, flank 
watti, middle, x&attinga, in the middle, between 
wattiri, adj. middle 
wato, s. shelter, wheather shore 
watyevvatye, adv. as watyewaiye wittitarru 
wawirriti, v. to ask, seek, look for 
wauwultiti, v. wag; as wauwultitao zmlga kadla hilla, 

the dog is wagging its tail 
wawanta, right away, for a long period ; as xvawanta 


7igai waiingukaintya , for a long time I fled 
wawartavvarta, s. eddy of wind 
wa wartavvartiti, v. to eddy, turn about 
wawutu, V. to waver, move from one side to tlie oi\\ov 

kuri zvaxoutHy to dance ; kakka zcawutii, to nod 
wawurtuwa vvurtu, head over heels, tumbling over ; as 

nhma ngalto xvawurtiiwawurtu jnitata, yataparay I shall 

directly knock you head over heels 
wayandata, v. to throw, pour, fill 
wa\ i. where ; as wayi maitye nunko yurdniru palta ? 
wayiwayirriti, v. to ooze out, fester 
wavuru, s, name of the second child if a female 
wedli,-5. corner 
\\ elintye, 5. scoop, spade 
\^ elku, narrow, tiul»t, straight, narrow strip 
welli, s. want, hunuer ; neldnj^e padnaia, to be in want 

we Hinge ngalgtUUy to eat less than will satisfy one's 

wellu, s. hearth, fire place 
welu, s. punk 
welu, s. curlew 
welunnu, s. a species of fish 
welutu, V. to sweep, harrow 
weluuelutu, v. to handle, press ; mingka welit'welutu, to 

press a sore with a view to cure it 

welu-welu or willu willu, not heeding, noticing past 

wendu or winda "I , 1 . xi 

1 1 Mono^, always, constantly 

wendu wendu j o^ - 

werbi, s. the pla« e before a running fire, where the na- 
tives take their station to knock down the game dis- 
turbed by the flames 

wi, directly, this moment ; perhaps, may be 

"wibma, already 

^idla, path, road 

"^^idlara, slow, slowly . 

widii, s. pehcan 

widlukko, s. sprin/2: : as zvidlukkunga mai kiilta kak- 


kannitaoy in the sprinof the herbage grows up 

widluyu, a. one whose elder brother is dead 

widna, thin, emaciated 

widna widna, «. an evil person said to be nulla pulka 
j/ira, a wicked old man 

widnanniti, v. to become thin, poor, fall off 

widni, thin, small 

viiti, V. to laugh, rejoice 

wikarra, as wikarra ngammata 

wikullu, narrow 

wilballa, s. small pum scrub 

wilbuUu, remote, distant 

"^ ilbullunniti, v. to be far distant 

wil^a, s. a domesticated wild dog ; ally domesticated 
animal, as : a < at, &c. 

wilgarra, s. mane 

wilkintya, s. grave 

wilkintyappa, s. grave 

wilkiti, to toss, jerk, shy 

willas^illaga, s. a yellow fine scented flower 

willara, bare, uncovered, naked 

willata, V. to name, cjill 

willu, a species of eagle 

walluUu, a species of eagle 

willu pap pa, s. a term of reproach 

willuru, long, tall 

willurriti, v. to be long, tall 

willurunu'utu, v. to make long, lengthen 

wilpata, to set fire to, burn 

wilturru, fast, tied ; wandurru wilturru, tied with a rope 

wiltyadli, in future, by and bye 

wiltyallidni, adj. relative to the future, future 

wiltyaparrari, to morrow wiltyaparrari malturlo, tomor- 

wiltyarra, yesterday, some days ago 

wiltyarridni, of yesterday, yesterdays 

wilya, soul, spirit. The human soul is believed by the 


Port Lincoln natives to be removed to some Island> 
there to be changed into a white man 

wilyalkinye, s. a youth ofabout eighteen years, who has 
gone through the ceremonies of circumcision and tat- 
tooing ; when they must for some months keep out of 
sight of women and children, and speak in a low tone 
of voice, till the old men release them from this obli- 

wilyamarraba, insensible, unconscious 

iirimanna, an interjection, expressing doubt or ignor- 
ance ; as : nunko pappi wathay wimanna, where is your 
ft,ther ? I don't know 

windelli, as kunyo windelli, mndelli ngutata 

windi or winni, angle, fishing hook 

windutu, V. to dripple, trickle down 

wingunne, from now, from this moment 

winkurru, s. barb of a spear 

winma, adj. thin, lean, poor 

winmanniti, v. to become thin, lean 

winmirriti v. to whistle 

winna, s. lar^e spear, fishing spear 

winna, s. chalk 

winnalla, adj. long, lengthy; as yardla winnalla, witfe 
legs stretched 

winna. or plur. winnarri, seaweed, any tough rushy plant 
fit for basket work 

winnata, to plait, make basket work 

winni, s. fishing hook, see windi 

winni, adv. indeed, certainly 

winninya, dry grass, any other soft matter to lie upon, bed 

winninyiti, v. to put something underneath to lie upon 

winnu, s. a red species of root 

winta, s. a species of owl 

Vinturru, bubbling up ; winturru babmata, to bubble ug- 

wintya, s. name for a relative 

wipa, s. a species of ant 

wipanda, satiated with food. 


wira wadlata, s. a kind of shrub 

wira, s. bachelor, spinster, unmarried 

wirata, v. to make tine fire up, trim it 

wiriti, V. to be averted ; as mangu xdrritao, bukaranga 

ngadlmtyara, his face is averted lest it become sun 

wirringutu, v.a. to avert 
wirirriti, v.a. as : iberringe worri wirrirritarru 
wirkata, v. to dry by the fire, handle 
wirko, heart ? 
wirpa, s. a fence across a creek, to keep the fish in that 

have gone up with the tide 
wirra, 6'. scrub, bush, wirranga padnatannay they are 

gone in the bush 
wirra, s. the air, ether, rain 
wirra kauo, rain water 
wirrakalla, as : palta wirrakalla 
wirrapa, as : yata wirrapa, yata wirrapa ngunatanna 
wirri, s. shoxAdiev , gadlanga wirri penyiti, the shoulder 

aches from the wood, from carrying wood 
wirrilbi, s. a person bereft of a relative 
wirri karkurru, the whizzing of a waddy 
wirrinni, s. a species of fish 
wirrintya, forest ? as : kurdli wirrhiiya 
wirriti, to blow, warri wirritao, the wind blows 
wirrirriti, to storm, rage ; wirrirritan7iayurarri paityanga, 

men are raging in fight 
wirru=ibma, raw 

wirrukku, s. species of bird, cuckoo 
wirrukkutu, v. to flow 
wirruppu, s. row, line 

wirrupparriti, to be in a line, form a line or row 
wirruru, tall slender ; as : kurdli wirruru, a tall sheoak 
wirrurarriti, s. to be tall, slender 
wirrutu, t\ to scrape, chip 

wirruwirru, in a heap, close together ; as : mrruwirru 
yurarri padnataniia 

ivirti, .9. tlie lower part of the spine 
wirtu, bundle, tied in a bundle 
wita, s. leg, shin 
witarnda, s. an edible kind of root 

witarna, s. an oval piece of wood, about two feet long 
and four inches broad, which is fastened to a string 
and swung rapidly round when it produces a deep 
humming sort of sound It is used principally at the 
performance of natives* ceremonies 

witti, as : ngannawitti, a term of reproach 

wittiti, V. to spear, pierce 

witu, s. reed 

witullu, away ; as : wittullu waiyukhikUf run away 

witullunu, as : nurti witullunu 

witurko, adv. stand to one side, get out of the way 

wityalliti, v. to become brown ; bukarranga wityalliti 
to be sun burnt 

wityiwityirriti, v. to flow, roar 

wityurru, flowinof, liquid, violent ; as : kartintye wit- 
yurruy flow of blood ; yalla mtyurrUy violent gale 

wiyerni, s. west 

wiyerni wallu, north-west 

wiyidni, (from wi and bidni) direct, instant 

wolgarra, s, 2i species of shark 

womballa, s. female oppossum 

wondata, v. to let be, alone 

woppa, s. a bunch of emu feathers, stuck as an orna- 
ment in the hair on the forehead 

Worna, s. abdomen, belly 

worna bakkambiti, v. to fret, grieve 

worna kartintya, glad 

worna kuriti, to be in great rage; as : worna kuriti 

worna malleri, content, peaceable 

worna mundalye, glad, merry 

worna mundalyiti, v. to feel glad^ merry 

wornandata, v. to hang 


Wornarriti, v. to abound^ crowd, be confused 

wornata, v. to' abound, be plentiful 

worna wadla, big belly, gormandizer 

i/vorna waieri, glad, pleased 

worna waieriti, v% to be pleased 

wornawarkuyu, dead 

worna yulalyiti, to feel sad, grieve 

worna yuwata, to be satisfied, satiated 

wornikkiti, v. to fall, climb 

worniti, v. to fall 

worningutu, v. to let fall, drop 

wornka, s. a species of fish 

wornkarra, s. crow 

worrarriti, v. to have the menses 

worri, s. penis 

worribidla 1 r . 

worribuka | sensualist 

Worri kartintye, catamenia 

worri katti 

worri kudla manna, strumpet 

Worringarka, the extraordinary incison in the male 

pubes of the Port Lincoln natives 
worri palba, s. lust 
worta, stump, stem 
wortakutyo, again 
worta pala, a small obnoxious insect 
wortanda, s. continent, terra firma 
wortanda yappa, orcus 
wortanna, s. sea 
wortatti, s. south east coast and country 


Ya, yes, yandiy ditto 

ya, s. mouth 

yabirri, full 

yabma, s. back of a man 

yabmauna, i.e. wadlata or mllanna 


yabmata, to carry on the back 

yabmarra, s. a large species of fish, groper 

yabmiti, v. to scold, abuse, rebuke 

yabmirriti, v. to quarrel 

yadlanna, s. root 

yadnanni, like that 

yadni, thus, so, such 

yadnintye or yadintye, so, such, thus 

yadnyiti, v. to claim ; as : yadnyitao yerdli nintye, ngai- 

tye karteti. ngaitye karteti 
yailba, s. an animal of the burrowing kind 
yailbo, s, far away ; ngai yailbo ngukata, I shall go away 
yailbudni, off from, far 
yailgu, together, in company 
yailgutu, s, to put together, mix 
yailgurriti, v. to assemble 
yait7a=yalla, as : yattarurlo wondatanna yaitya, they 

will leave off for the present 
yakka, s. sister 
yakkalla, s, island 
yakkanya, s. the fat or thick part of the abdomen under 

the navel 
yakkarra, s. level country, plain 
yakkarrarriti, v. to blow, sweep along ; as : xvarri yak 

karrarriti, the wind blows fresh 
yakkata, v. to seek, look for 
yakkangutu. v.a. ditto 
yakkantutu, ditto 
yakkarta, adj. hard, firm 
yakkartautu, v. to be hard, heavy 
yakkilli, dry, dried up ; as : yakkilli TiauOy the water is 

dried up 
yakkudla, I don't know, cannot tell 
yakkunya, deep ; yakkunya yappa, deep hole 
yakkutto, s. bag, pocket 
yakulata, v. to tear the mouth, yawn 
yalanya, fresh ; yalanya kauo, fresh water 


yalbata^ v.a. to roll 

yalbata or yelbata^ v. to hate> destine to death ; as .* nga i 
yalbaintyanna Battara yurarringe mundvlturri yauurru 
kattintyanna, i.e. the Batiara tribe have declared to 
kill me, having fetched the Europeans straight (be- 
cause I have been guide to them) 

yalbarriti, v. to hate each other, to hide one's self, shift, 
change place 

yalbarringutu, to look out, choose 

yaldu, s. black, shag 

yalkalla, s. a message of somebody's death 

yalkambi, s. a kind of berries 

yalkanya, adj. new 

yalkata, v. to warm, stand near the fire 

yalkalparriti, v. to make oneself warm 

yalkirriti, v. to yawn 

yalla, indeed ; yalla paialla, indeed it is cold 

yalla, s. gale, storm ; as : yalla wityuru wirritao, it blows 
a violent gale 

yallanyi, s. sea beach 

yallara, s. grave 

yallarta, s. oyster 

yalleki, s. a species of fish 

yalliyaltata, v. to shine, be visible 

yalliri, s. deaf adder 

yallu, flame 

yallu, adv. quick, hasty, violent ; as : yallu kallata, to 
neigh ; yallu yuwatialla, instead yuwata yalla 

yalliilpata, v. to light 

yallurko, reddish, brown 

yalluru, light, not heavy 

yallutu, to rebound ; kurdlinga kaya yallunna, the spear 
rebounded from the sheoak 

yallu wanggata, v. to neigh 

yalluyallu, red hot 

yalluyu, s. a species of fish 

yalta, crack, fis3ure, fold, wrinkle 


y altalta, as : yaltalta pinnata, to shake one's legs, dance 

yaltami, joke, false promise, lie, gammon 

yaltami wangata, to lie, not keep one's promise 

yaltara, a(^. fierce ; as : yaltara wilga, a fierce dog 

yaltarpi, fresh, sweet ; yaltarpi, kauo, fresh water 

yaltarta, as : kartintye yaltarta, blood shot 

yaltata, as : ngalli yaltata paru madlanga, to feel dull 

or sad for want of meat 
yalta yalta, as : yaltayalta ngukata 
yalturru, bold, fearless, brave 
yamba, strange ; yamba yura, a stranger 
yambarra, away, out of sight ; yambara ngukata, to go 

away, disappear 
yambinna, s. widower 
yammara, v. embrace 
yammara mankutu, to embrace, 
yanata, v.a. to use, employ ; as palta piyi yanatanna 

yanata, v. as yarli yanata, to put the tongue out 
yanayanata, v.a. to abuse, insult 
yandarri, s. comet ? 
yandtityuru, s. a species of sea bird 
yangara, broad, wide 

yangarriti, v. to extend, spread ; as : paitya yangarriti 
yangkalla, rendered fat, grease 
yangkayangkarri, wide, all about ; as : yangkayangkarri, 

ngalgutanna, they feed all about 
yangku, s. left hand 

yangkunnu, s. white cockatoo with a red crest 
yanmurru, 5. name for an actor in a ceremony 
yanta, there, yanta, ikkakka, sit there 
yanturrutu, v. to catch 
y any any a, whisper, speaking in a low voice 
yao=kalliworra, sea gull 
yapi, s. a parasitical plant on the sheoak 
yappa, s. hole 
yap paitya ppaitya, perforated, spotted ; as : idnya yap- 

4057 T^S^ 


paityappaitya, a spotted cat 

yappallappalla, full of holes, perforated 

yapparnda, as : worna yapparnddj hungry 

yapparndapparnda, as : tsu ydppamddpparndd, tsu ydp^ 
pamddpparnddy a form of imprecation 

yapparriti, v. to walk softly, steal on 

yapparta, aefo. through 

yappata, v. to suck, kiss, drink 

yappirti, close, near 

yapurru, in, into ; as : yapurru wittiti, to spear into, to 
wound, or drive the spear into the object. Yap^ 
urrunganga, among ; as : Nauurri yapurru, among ^h^e 

yaralta, 6*. black cockatoo 

yararta, v. bank, coast 

yardla, s. the hide of the hind legs 

yardna, they, others 

yardnakurru, of them, their 

yardniti, v. comprimere 

yardnirriti, v. coire 

yariti, v. to be poisonous, or to spread ; as : wabmanga 
yaritao yura 

yarka, s. reef, bank 

y arkarriti, v. to long for ; as : mirkurniru yarkarrit ai 

yarkata, v. to spread out, unfold, unfurl 

yarlanni. blabbing, talkative ; as : yarlanni wanggata, to 
blab, give the alarm 

yarli, s, tongue 

yarli ngalla, talkative, garrulous 

yarlipappa, pointed, sharp 

yarli yanata, v. to put the tongue out, which is a 
common habit with the natives wheh something un- 
expected is said 

yarliyarlirriti, v. to hiss, like boiling water 

yarliyarlirringutu, v.a. to address, call, order 

y arnata, s, as : ngarra yarnata, to belie 

>arnballa, adv. together, in company ; as : yarnballa^ 


yarndi, as : yatndi kurbo, denotes the peculiar smell of 

yarndi kurbunniti, as : pilla marninge yarndi ktirbunniti 
yarneri, s. youth, youngster 
yarni. ticklish ? 

yarnkarra, s. a species of edible root 
yarnkutu, v. to be sleepy 
yarnu, s, eagle hawk 
yarnu, s. net 
yarnutu, v. to construct, build ; karnko yarnutu, to 

build a hut or house 
yarpara, as : yarpara murtiitye wanggatao, or ngadU 

yarpara pardni ngukanna 
yarpungutu, v. to hunt, pursue, run down 
yarra, s. mill 
yarra, s. search ; as : mai yarranga padnata, to look for 

yarrabidni, adj. anything found 
yarra, as ; kutta yarra yahmiVattOy or iiiiUa yarra 
yarraityalla, quick 
yarrakkata, v. to seek, search 
yarranda, quick ; as : yarranda ngukata 
yarranta, s. name of the sixth child if a female 
yarrapalla, 8. a small species of lizard 
yarrarriti, v. to speed, spread ; as ; gadla yo yarrarriti, 

the fire is spreading 
yarrayarrarriti, ditto 
yarr ata, v. to fly 

yarrautu, v.a. to spill, throw about • 

yarredi, s. goose 

yarrera, bold, brave ; as : ngai yarrera ;■ yarr era pungkutit 
yarri, s. name of the sixth child if a male 
yarri, s. wing, feather, quill 
yarrindakarriti, v. to be or become feathered, winged ; 

as: yura mirri?iye maitye yarrbukikarritaQ marralye 


yarriti, v. to put on, cover one's self 

yarrirriti, v. to be covered ; as : penyinge yarrirriti, to 

be covered with pain, feel pain all over the body 
yarru, only, merely, for nothing, or no reason. The 

natives always employ this word when they cannot or 

will not make a direct answer ; ?2gan?mru wittimiunno 

pallara? yarrii. Why did you spear the woman? 

for nothing, or I won't tell. 
yarrupuUu, light, not heavy ; as : yarrvpullu yuranga 

wayandatarrn karteti bidni 
yarruru, s. sponge 

yarrutu, v. to be hot, oppressed with heat 
yarruyalga, empty skin, hungry 
yartarriti, v^ to stretch one's limbs 
yarti, adj. smooth, without stones ; as : yarti ydkkara, 

kutta Itamja 
yartini, s. paltyarra mirrinyay a species of rat ; spotted 

yartu, there, that one, yartii yiiray that man there 
ya ta or ya-ata, v. to hunt, pursue, persecute 
ya arriti, v. to fight 
yateri, wadlatay a kind of tree 
yateri, as : nnralli yateringe^ with you 
yati, adv, a long time ago, or thus, there 
yatta, now, soon, directly 

yftSfeiLgu } ^p^"^"y' '^"^*^^y 

yattanda, just now 

yattanya, a little while ; as : yattanya ngai meya wanniti, 

I shall sleep a little while 
yattanyarru, to day 
yattanyarudni, of to day 
yattanyingutu, v.a. as : it^bi yattanyingutUy v. to bring 

yattarru, directlv, by and bye 
yattarrurlo, untill, by and bye, or for the present 
yathutu, ,v.a. to grow, produce 


yatturriti, or yathurriti, v. to grow, become stout ; as 
widna widna maiinga yathurriti 

yaturru, s. right hand 

yaiiara, s. spine 

yau uUu, behind, later, backwards 

yauuUiidni, of late, later ; yauulliidni yurarri, the later 
people, progeny, present generation 

yau-urru, straight 

ya-wapo, mouth shut, silent 

yawata, v. to be gathering ; as : Izauo yawata the rain is 
gathering, to put up, plant ; as . pirri yawata 

yayardlu, s. cuttle fish 

yelbi, s. flea. The natives declare that the fleas are an 
importation by the whites 

yelbityelbitye, irritated, excited 

yeli=ili, womb, lap 

yelta, adj. stiff* 

yendata, v. to put down, give 

yeni moko, s. glass 

yerdla, s. a species of tree 

yerdli, s. husband 

yerdli-wirri, s. sticks over a grave. After the body is 
put in the grav^e and a little earth thrown on it, the 
natives place a number of sticks across its mouth, over 
which they spread grass or bushes to prevent the re- 
maining earth from falling down, so that an empty 
space of about three feet in depth is left between the 
body and the top earth. 

yerdlutu, v. to meet or pass on the road 

yerdna, s. spine 

yerdna widla, the hollow of the back 

yeri, affix, tenacious of, stingy, greedy; as: mat yeri 
tenacious of food 

yerilyeli, s. a species of fish 

yeriti, v. to be stingy, greedy, desire 

yeringutu, v» to crave, ask, beg 

yerkuUu, before, in front 


yerkuUamba, adv. before, sooner, earlier ; yerkullamla 

pardnapa yuxvaaityao 
yerkulludni, former^preceeding ; as : yerhulludni yurarriy 

former men, ancestors 
yerkullulpata, v, to precede, lead the way 
yerla, 5. Imnt, chase; paru yerlanga padnata, to go 

yerla, swimming 

yerla kabmitl, skilled in swimming 
yerlamattara, unskilled in swimming 
yerlanga ngammata, v^ to swim 
yerlata, v. to cut through, circumcise 
yerlarriti, v. to be spilling, leak out 
yerlarringutu, v. to spill 
yerlakkata, v. to pour 
yerliti, v. to lay hold, detain 
yerlingarriti, v. to hide one's self 
yernata, v. to charm, bewitch 
yernbata, v.a. to send, dismiss, order 
yernbarringutu, v.a. to mention, speak of; €is:nu7ino 

yernbarringuntyaranga kauo worniiaOy 
yerndabirra, cart, waggon, wheelbarrow 
yernka, s. sea beach 
yernpinye, s. eyelashes 
yernpiti, v. to be thirsty 
yerra, different, otherwise ; as : yerra wanggatanna they 

speak differently 
yerra murru, quite different ; as : yerra murru kalla, 

quite a different language 
yerranneranna, s. a great noise 
yerru or yarru, whirl 
yerru warri, whirlwind 
yerta, s. land, country 
yertata, v. to cover, shut 
yertayangarriti, v. to be choked, shut up ; as : mudla 

yertayangarriti bukanga 

yaUa, v. to gaze, stare 


jdlkarringutu, v. to look steadily at one 
yinkinye, the stripes on the breasts of the natives pro- 
duced by tattooing 
yo, s. flame ; gadla yo, fire flame 
yoka, s. mud 
yorunu, Louth Island 
yubmarra, stopping, remaining ; as : ngai yubmarra^ I 

shall stop at home 
yubmuUiti, v. to be plentiful, abound 
yubmullu warkata, v. ditto 
y udlinni, as : palkarra yudlinniy a species of gum 
yudni ngalliti, v. to be hot 
yudniti, v. to wipe, clean 
yudnu, 8. a small hole in the butt end of the spear for 

the hook of the midla 
yuka, dark, black 

yukanniti, v. to become black, blacken 
yukarta, heavy 
yukirriti, v. to shine black, to be painted with black 

yukirringutu, r. to paint, blacken 
yukupata, v. to gather, collect 
yulalyiti, v. to sigh, long for 
yulgo, 5. the heart 
yulgo kulata,the heart breaks, to be very sad ; as : yulgo 

kulatao yura mat madlanga, a man's heart breaks when 

he has no food 
yulgo moko, heart, pulse ; yulgo moko wappirritaOy the 

heart or pulse beats 
y ulkara, adv. for a while ; as : ngatto nunko palta yarru 

yulkara yarriti 
yulkarra, s. fright, fear 
yulkata, v. to flow over, weep 
yulkumbo, sore, wounded, festering 
yulkurru, as : yulkurru ngalgutu, to swallow loudly, eat 

yullu, s. milt, spleen 


yuUupu, true, indeed, certain 

yuUupuUu, ditto 

yuUupunnu, ditto 

yuUupunye, adj. accurate, correct ; as : yulhpunye yurre 

yuUuru, postfix, with ; as : irkeUhjulluru ngalguyurung- 

kalli 9 is it to be eaten with salt ? 
yuUutu, V. to knock on the head, kill ; as : pallaranga 

karpili yullutarru, a woman knocks the karpili rat 

yulpararrata. v. to swell 

yulpuru, as : kauo yiilpuru, or yulpuru yappatarru 
yulputu, V. to quench, put out ; as : yulputarru gadla 

kauimga^ the w ater quenches the fire 
yulta, time ; as : yulta kuhmanna, one time, once 
yulta kalbelli, twice 
yulta kutyo, once more, again 
yultata, v. to tread upon, press down 
yultarringutu, v. to squeeze through or out 
yulti, s. dry bark 

yultu, spreading, wide ; as : yultu ngukata^to spread out 
yultungalla, spreading far 
yultunnu, s. shell 
yulturu, adj. as kudna yulturu 
yulyurriti, v. to assemble 

yultyutu, v.a. to obtain, get ; as : karteti yultyutu 
yumballa, s. wallaby 
yumbarra, s. common fly 
yumbu, as gadla yumbu wirakka padlareyuni 
yumbuntu, as yumbuntu kauo 
yummarri, name for a relative, mother-in-law, wife's 

yunga, s. elder brother 
yungara, s. wife 

yungarungara, s. a species of fungus 
yunkutu, v. to recollect, know ; as : karnko kutta yunk- 

utatto, I don't recollect or know the place 
vunneri, piec(emeal, cut up; dL^iwarru yurmeri warkntUy 


to carry the kangaroo piecemeal, cut np 
yunnu, s. an edible species of root 
y unnuyu, s. a species of fish 
yuntata, v. to drive, speed; as: warringa yiintata xcarri- 

yoko pardnij the wind drives the ship hither 
y iintyata, v. to incite, impel, encourage : as : ngarradla 

yuntyatanna ngai wayawayarurlo 
yiintyarringutu, v.a. to prevail upon, persuade 
ytinyalla, s a species of bird 
yupamai, s. bread 
yupara, s. pig 
yupiri^ fertile, loamy 
yupunnu, s. kangaroo bird 
yura, s* a man, male 

yurbalye, adj. fertile, good soil ; as : yurhahje yerta 
yurdla, s. quartz, flint 
yurdlakka, a star or constellation 
yurdlu, fertile ; as : yurdlu karnkoy fertile place 
yurdlu munta, liberal, bountiful 
yurdlu yeri, stingy 
yurdnu, s. flour 
yuridni, s. a species of wallaby 
yuriti, v. to vent one's rage upon, or to desire ; as : kar* 

teti yuriti 
yurka, sandy sea bottom 
yurkunye, s. kind of eatable berries 
yurkuru, s. the mucus of the nose, cold 
yurkunye kadnya, iron stone 

yurla, home, at home, yiirla karnko, resting place, camp 
yurlanta, s. a species of yellow flower oi a globular shape 
vurlu, 5. throat 
yurlu, farther, beyond 
yurndulyu, s. steam 
yurne, s. thirst 
yurne itarta, thirsty 
yurne itartiti, v. to be thirsty 
yurna yap pa, having one's thirst quenched, not thirsty 


yurne yappattiti, v. to be not thirsty, moist 

yurno, s. sun, day 

yurno ngarri day light 

yurno worta, sunset, evening ; morning 

yurpuUu, before hand ; as : yurpullu ngukata 

yurra, c. earth, soil 

Yurranniti, v. to hear, attend 

yurrayurrata, v.a. to tell, persuade 

yurre, s. ear 

yurre kurrara, s. a humming sound in the ear 

yurre kurraranniti, v. to hum, buzz 

yurre mantyarri, in good humour, glad, merry 

yurre marniti, adj. ditto 

yurre mantyarriti, v. to be pleased, in good humour 

yurre mantyarringarriti, ditto 

yurre milla, disliking, loathing; disgusted 

yurre millanniti, v. to be disgusted, dislike 

yurre ngunda, deaf, disobedient, obstinate 

yurre ngundanniti, v. to be deaf, not listen to 

yurre ngundarkuru, very obstinate, stubborn 

yurre walbo, of good hearing, willing, docile 

yurre wayata, v.a, to slight, disregard 

yurreyappa, attentive, tractable 

yurre yertarriti, v. to hear v^ith difficulty, forget 

yurrimbarriti, not to think of 

vurrimbiti ^ . r i. 
^ . T_. ... > to lorffet 
yurrimbirritij ^ 

yurrinniti, v. to have a mind to do something, wish, like 

yurriti, v. to hear 

ynrringutu, v. to understand 

yurru, s. chain of mountains 

yurrukkutu, v. to hear 

y^^ n Mater, by and bye, afterwards ; pony- 

yurruyurruUu J ^ ^ ^ ' ^ r j 

nge yerkuyerkullu ngukakkannay ngarrinyelbo yurrU" 

yiirrullu ngukatay i.e. go ahead on the horse, we shall 

follow afterwards 


yurrulliidni, later, younger 

yurrulputu, v. to accompany, bring, follow 

yurrulpungarriti, v. to follow, accompany 

yuriulyurrulyu, s. a species of bird 

yurrundo, adj. very large 

yurta, s. Aar ; t/urtanga, in the rear, behind 

yurti, 5. lower arm 

yurti, adj. 'withered, faded 

yurtinniti, v. to fade, wither 

yurtu, looking down, stooping 

yuta, s. the bark of a pine tree made into a sort of a fan 
from four to six feet long by one foot wide, and pre- 
senting the form of an open water spout. The na- 
tives very dexterously clean the eggs of ants with this 
simple apparatus 

yuta padlo, a. punk 

yutara, s. grass 

yutirri, s. a species^ of bird, gannyte 

yutiti, V. to bury 

yutirriti, v. to be hurried, under water 

yutu, s, waijt, loin 

yutu, adj. troubled, muddy ; as : yutu kauo, muddy 

yliwa, good, very well 

yuwari, adv. indeed very well 

yuwannuwanniti, v. to fly, run away 

yuwata, v. to stand upright 

yuwangutu, v. to make stand, i.e. raise 

yuwindi, friendless, without relatives 

yuwiti, V. toward off? 

yuwirriti, v. to sink, soak in ? 

yuwityallata, v. to skewer an animal 

yuwunnu, i.e. maiminno mirrinye 

yuwunyu, s. musquito 



yerkullamba, adv. before, sooner, earlier ; yerkullamha 

pardnapa yuzoaaityao 
yerkuUudni, former,preceeding ; as : yerkulludni yurarri^ 

former men, ancestors 
yerkullulpata, v. to precede, lead the way 
yerla, a*, hunt, chase ; paru yerlanga padnata, to go 

yerla, swimming 

yerla kabmiti, skilled in swimming 
yerlamattara, unskilled in swimming 
yerlanga ngammata, Vy to swim 
yerlata, v. to cut through, circumcise 
yerlarriti, v. to be spilling, leak out 
yerlarringutu, v. to spill 
yerlakkata, v. to pour 
yerliti, v. to lay hold, detain 
yerlingarriti, v, to hide one's self 
yernata, v. to charm, bewitch 
yernbata, v.a. to send, dismiss, order 
yernbarringutu, v.a. to mention, speak of; asmunno 

yernbarringuntyaranga kauo worniiaoy 
yerndabirra, cart, waggon, wheelbarrow 
yernka, 5. sea beach 
yernpinye, 5. eyelashes 
yernpiti, v. to be thirsty 
yerra, diflFerent, otherwise ; as : yerra wanggatanna they 

speak differently 
yerra murru, quite different ; as : yerra murru Italia, 

quite a different language 
yerranneranna, 8. a great noise 
yerru or yarru, whirl 
yerru warri, whirlwind 
yerta, s. land, country 
yertata, v. to cover, shut 
yertayangarriti> v. to be choked, shut up ; as : mudla 

yertayangarriti bukanga 
yaata, v. to gaze, stare 


yilkarringutu, v. to look steadily at one 
yinkinyc, the stripes on the breasts of the natives pro- 
duced by tattooing 
yo, s. flame ; gadla yo, fire flame 
yoka, s. mud 
yorunu, Louth Island 
yubmarra, stopping, remaining ; as : ngai yubmarra, I 

shall stop at home 
yubmuUiti, v. to be plentiful, abound 
yubmullu warkata, v, ditto 
yudlinni, as : palkarra yudlinni, a species of gum 
yudni ngalliti, v. to be hot 
yudniti, v. to wipe, clean 
yudnu, s. a small hole in the butt end of the spear for 

the hook of the midla 
yuka, dark, black 

yukanniti, v. to become black, blacken 
yukarta, heavy 
yukirriti, v. to shine black, to be painted with black 

yukirringutu, v. to paint, blacken 
yukupata, v. to gather, collect 
yulalyiti, v. to sigh, long for 
yulgo, s, the heart 

yulg'o kulata,the heart breaks, to be very sad ; as : yulgo 
kulatao yiira mat madlangay a man's heart breaks when 
he has no food 
yulgo moko, heart, pulse ; yulgo moko wapyirritao y the 

heart or pulse beats 
y ulkara, adv, for a while ; as : ngatto nunko palta yarru 

yulkara yarriti 
yulkarra, s. fright, fear 
yulkata, v. to flow over, weep 
yulkumbo, sore, wounded, festering 
yulkurru, as : yulkurni ngalgutu, to swallow loudly, eat 

yullu, s. milt, spleen 


yuUupu, true, indeed, certain 

yullupuUu, ditto 

yullupunnu, ditto 

yullupunye, adj. accurate, correct ; as : yullupunye yiirre 

yuUuru, postfix, with ; as : irkelliyulluru ngalguyurung- 

kalli ? is it to be eaten with salt ? 
yullutu, V. to knock on the head, kill ; as : pallaranga 

karpili yullutarrUy a woman knocks the karpiU rat 

yulpararrata. v. to swell 

yulpuru, as : kauo yulpurUy or yulpuru yappatarru 
yulputu, V. to quench, put out ; as : yulputarru gadla 

kauunga, the \^ ater quenches the fire 
yulta, time ; as : yulta kubmanna, one time, once 
yulta kalbelli, twice 
yulta kutyo, once more, again 
yultata, v. to tread upon, press down 
yultarringutu, v. to squeeze through or out 
yulti, s. dry bark 

yultu, spreading, wide ; as : yultu ngukatayio spread out 
yultungalla, spreading far 
yultunnu, s. shell 
yulturu, adj. as kiidna yulturu 
yulyurriti, v. to assemble 

yultyutu, v.a. to obtain, get ; as : karteti yultyutu 
yumballa, s. wallab} 
yumbarra, s. common fly 
yumbu, as gadla yumbu zmrakka padlareyuru 
yumbuntu, as yumbuntu kauo 
yummarri, name for a relative, mother-in-law, wife's 

yunga, s. elder brother 
yungara, s. wife 

yungarungara, s. a species of fungus 
yunkutu, v. to recollect, know ; as : karnko kutta yunk-- 

utattOj I don't recollect or know the place 
vunneri, piecjemeal, cut up ; as : warm yurmeri warkutu. 

to carry the kangaroo piecemeal, cut np 
unnu, s. an edible species of root 
y unnuyu, s, a species of fish 
yuntata, v. to drive, speed; as : xmrringa yiintata warri- 

yoko pardniy the wind drives the ship hither 
■ytintyata, v. to incite, impel, encourage : as : ngarradla 

yuntyatanna ngai wayawayarurlo 
ytintyarringutu, v.a. to prevail upon, persuade 
yiinyalla, s a species of bird 
yupa mai, s. bread 
yupara, s. pig 
yupiri, fertile, loamy 
yupunnu, s, kangaroo bird 
yura, s' a man, male 

yurbalye, adj. fertile, good soil ; as : yurbalye yerta 
yurdla, s. quartz, flint 
yurdlakka, a star or constellation 
yurdlu, fertile ; as : yurdlu Zranv/t'o, fertile place 
yurdlu munta, liberal, bountiful 
V urdlu yeri, stingy 
yurdnu, s. flour 
yuridni, s. a species of wallaby 
yuriti, v. to vent one's rage upon, or to desire ; as : A;ar- 

teti yuriti 
yurka, sandy sea bottom 
yurkunye, 8. kind of eatable berries 
yurkuru, 8. the mucus of the nose, cold 
yurkunye kadnya, iron stone 

yurla, home, at home, yurla karnko, resting place, camp 
yurlanta, 8. a species of yellow flower oi a globular shape 
yurlu, 8. throat 
yurlu, farther, beyond 
yurndulyu, s. steam 
yurne, s. thirst 
yurne itarta, thirsty 
yurne itartiti, v. to be thirsty 
yurna yap pa, having one's thirst quenched, not thirsty 


yurne yappattiti, v. to be not thirsty, moist 

yurno, s. sun, day 

yurno ngarri day light 

yurno worta, sunset, evening ; morning 

yurpullu, before hand ; as : ynrpullu ngukata 

yurra, €. earth, soil 

vurranniti, v. to hear, attend 

yurrayurrata, v.a. to tell, persuade 

yurre^ s. ear 

yurre kurrara, s, a humming sound in the ear 

yurre kurraranniti, v. to hum, buzz 

yurre mantyarri, in good humour, glad, merry 

yurre marniti, adj. ditto 

yurre mantyarriti, v. to be pleased, in good humour 

yurre mantyarringarriti, ditto 

yurre milla, disliking, loathing; disgusted 

yurre millanniti, v. to be disgusted, dislike 

yurre ngunda, deaf, disobedient, obstinate 

yurre ngundanniti, v. to be deaf, not listen to 

yurre ngundarkuru, very obstinate, stubborn 

yurre walbo, of good hearing, willing, docile 

yurre wayata, v.a. to slight, disregard 

yurreyappa, attentive, tractable 

yurre yertarriti, v. to hear with difficulty, forget 

yurrimbarriti, not to think of 

yurrimbiti 1 . r i. 
^ • I.- •^. >to lore^et 
yurrimbirritij ° 

yurrinniti, v. to have a mind to do something, wish, like 

yurriti, v. to hear 

ynrringutu, v. to understand 

yurru, s. chain of mountains 

yurrukkutu, v. to hear 

yurru u i i^^^.^ ^ ^^^ j^ ^ afterwards ; pony- 

yurruyurrullu J ^ ^ ^ >r a 

7ige yerkuyerkullu ngukakkannay ngarrimjelbo yurru- 
yurrullu ngukata, i.e. go ahead on the horse, we shall 
follow afterwards 


yuiTuUudnij later, younger 

yurrulputu, v. to accompany, bring, follow 

yurrulpungarriti, v. to follow, accompany 

yurrulyurrulyu, s. a species of bird 

yurrundo, aidj. very large 

yurta, s. ifcar ; yurtanga^ in the rear, behind 

yurti, 5. lower arm 

yurti, adj. withered, faded 

yurtinniti, v. to fade, wither 

yurtu, looking down, stooping 

yuta, 8. the bark of a pine tree made into a sort of a fan 
from four to six feet long by one foot wide, and pre- 
senting the form of an open water spout. The na- 
tives very dexterously clean the eggs of ants with this 
simple apparatus 

yuta padlo, a*, punk 

yutara, s, grass 

yutirri, s. a species of bird, gannyte 

yutiti, V. to bury 

yutirriti, v. to be hurried, under water 

yutu, s, waist, loin 

yutu, adj. troubled, muddy ; as : yutu kauo, muddy 

yiiwa, good, very well 

yuwari, adv. indeed very well 

yuwannuwanniti, v. to fly, run away 

yuwata, v. to stand upright 

yuwangutu, v. to make stand, i.e. raise 

yuwindi, friendless, without relatives 

yuwiti, ^;. toward off? 

yuwirriti, v. to sink, soak in ? 

yuwityallata, v. to skewer an animal 

yuwunnu, i.e. maiminno mirrinye 

yuwunyu, s. musquito 





JUN 10 tSIt